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~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
S P I T ' I NT HE-,NEXT "WORLD- 9 1
e a l l e d
d u P a i t s He r b a u l t ,w h o w a s a
mo nko f
M o nt p e l l i e r i nt h e s i x t e e nt h c e nt u r y .He w a s
no t o no u r p l a ne b u t h i g h e r u p ,b u t w a s p e r -
mi t t e d t o c o me d o w nt o u s fo r c e r t a i np u r p o s e s .
B e i ng o na h i g h e r p l a ne ,t h e r e w a s no w a y o f
ke e p i ng h i mo u t w h e nh e w a s no t w a nt e d ,fo r
h e h a d t h e p o w e r o fp a s s i ng t h r o u g h a l l p s y c h o -
ma t e r i a l s u b s t a nc e s t h a t s e r v e u s a s ma t e r i a l
s u b s t a nc e s ' s e r v e y o u .
"Hi s p e r s e c u t i o no fB e ne d e t t a w a s r e ma r k-
a b l e ,fo r h e w a s a s t o ni s h i ng l y e na mo u r e d o f
h e r
.A t l e ng t h ma t t e r s g o t t o s u c h a p i t c h t h a t
t h e o t h e r s p r o t e s t e d t h r o u g h t h e g u i d e s .B u t
t h e y g o t c o l d c o mfo r t .T h e y w e r e t o l d no t t o
i nt e r fe r e w i t h t h e h i g h e r s p i r i t s o r i t w o u l d b e
t h e w o r s e fo r t h e m,a nd B e ne d e t t a w a s t o l d
t h a t i t w a s na t u r a l fo r h e r t o h a v e t o e x p i a t e
h e r e a r t h l y s h o r t c o mi ng s i nt h i s ma nne r ."
T h e r e s u l t s o fo t h e r s i t t i ng s a t w h i c h o t h e r
s p i r i t s h a v e ma d e c o mmu ni c a t i o ns a r e i ns o me
c a s e s q u i t e a s d e t a i l e d a nd a g r e a t d e a l mo r e
s t a r t l i ng t h a nt h e a b o v e
.I na d d i t i o n,a g r e a t
ma s s o fw h a t ma y b e d e fi ni t e l y t e r me d a b no r ma l
s e x l i t e r a t u r e h a s c o me fr o mt h e p e ns o fp e o p l e
p r a c t i s i ng a u t o ma t i c w r i t i ng -a nd i t i s a ni n-
9 2

A M ODERN000ULT I S T
d u b i t a b l e fa c t t h a t s o me o ft h e s e w r i t i ng s h a v e
b e e nw r i t t e nu nd e r , c o nt r o l b y p e o p l e o fi r r e -
p r o a c h a b l e l i fe a nd c h a r a c t e r .
T h e c o mmo n-s e ns e e x p l a na t i o ni s t h a t t h e s e
w r i t i ng s a nd c o mmu ni c a t i o ns h a v e no t h i ng w h a t -
e v e r t o d o w i t h s p i r i t s a nd t h a t t h e s e a r e ,s o
t o s p e a k,a s e e t h i ng u p o fi l l e g a l d e s i r e s a nd
i d e a s w h i c h h a v e b e e nr e p r e s s e d b y t h e c o n-
s c i o u s mi nd i nt o t h e c e ns o r s h i p o ft h e s u b l i m-
i na l s e l f . T h i s t h e o r y i s o nl y t e na b l e i ft h e
w h o l e b a s i c d o c t r i ne t h a t t h e s e t h i ng s a r e c o m-
mu ni c a t e d b y s p i r i t s i s g i v e nu p .
I f,o nt h e o t h e r h a nd ,w e h o l d t h a t t h e r e i s
a ny t h i ng a t a l l i nS p i r i t u a l i s mw e a r e fa c e d
w i t h t h e i ne v i t a b l e c o nc l u s i o nt h a t ,h o w e v e r
mu c h w e ma y d e s i r e t o g e t r i d o fi t ,s e x i s a s
t r o u b l e s o me i nt h e ne x t w o r l d a s i nt h i s .*
* T h e no t e s a nd p a p e r s c o nc e r ni ng t h e p h y s i o l o g i c a l s i d e o f
s e x i nt h e ne x t w o r l d t h a t h a v e b e e nc o l l e c t e d a r e no t s u i t a b l e
fo r g e ne r a l r e a d i ng .Ex p e r i e nc e d s p i r i t u a l i s t s w i l l h a v e no
d i ffi c u l t y i ns u r mi s i ng t h e g e ne r a l c h a r a c t e r o ft h e s e r e c o r d s
.
CHA P T ERVI
T HE
RRA LI T Y
OF
S ORCERY
I HA VE
o ft e nb e e na s ke d b y fo l kw h o w e r e p e r -
fe c t l y s e r i o u s i nt h e i r i nq u i r y i ft h e r e "w a s
a ny t h i ng i n"l a t t e r -d a y s o r c e r y ,a nd w h e t h e r
t h e p r a c t i c e a c t u a l l y e x i s t e d o u t s i d e t h e r e a l m
o ffi c t i o n .I t i s a d i ffi c u l t q u e s t i o nt o a ns w e r ,
fo r t h e a v e r a g e ma nmi x e s u p w i t c h c r a ft ,s o r -
e e r y a nd ne c r o ma nc y ,a nd o ne c a nno t b e c e r -
t a i nw h e t h e r h e i s a l l u d i ng t o t h e d a r kc e r e mo ny
o ft h e B l a c kS a b b a t h ,t o t h e u s e o fo c c u l t kno w l -
e d g e fo r ma l e v o l e nt p u r p o s e s ,o r w h e t h e r h e i s
t h i nki ng o fw a x i ma g e s a nd p i ne ,i nc a nt a t i o ns
a nd ni g h t r i d e s a s t r i d e a b r o o ms t i c k
.
P u t i na s i mp l e r fo r m,t h e q u e s t i o nc o me s
t o t h i s : Ca ne x p e r i e nc e d o c c u l t i s t s u t i l i z e s p i r i t
o r u nkno w nna t u r a l fo r c e s fo r ma l e v o l e nt
u s e s t T h e a ns w e r i s a n
u nh
e s i t a t i ng a ffi r m-
a t i v e .Und e r c e r t a i nc o nd i t i o ns ,i t c a nb e
d o ne .
M a g i c h a s a l w a y s b e e n= d i v i d e d i nt o w h i t e .
o r
03
4
9 4

A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
g o o d ma g i c ,a nd b l a c ko r b a d ma g i c
.B o t h
h a v e b e e nl i b e r a l l y e nd o w e d w i t h r i t u a l o b s e r v -
a nc e ,b u t s h o r no fno n-e s s e nt i a l s t h e d e t e r mi n-
i ng fa c t o r t h a t d e c i d e s w h e t h e r ma g i c i s b l a c k
o r w h i t e i s t h e .s e c r e t i nt e nt o ft h e o p e r a t i ng
ma g i c i a n.
I n
t h e p a s t t h e g r e a t p o p u l a r a t t r i b u t e o f
t h e ma g i c i a n
w a s h i s kno w l e d g e o fh e a l i ng .He
w a s no t o nl y a s e e r
o f t h e fu t u r e a nd a fi nd e r
o fl o s t t h i ng s ,b u t a l s o a h e a l e r .Ont h e r e -
-v e r s e s i d e ma y b e s e t
a g a i ns t h i s -c a p a c i t y fo r
h e a l i ng h i s p o w e r fo r c a s t i ng s p e l l s o r d o i ng
h a r m
; a g a i ns t h i s d r a u g h t s o fb e ne fi c e nt me d i -
c i ne ,h i s v i a l s o fp o i s o n .
T h e d o c t o r w h o u s e s h y p no t i c t r e a t me nt ,p r a c -
t i s e s s u g g e s t i o no r a c t a s a p s y c h o t h e r a p e u t i s t ,
i s t o -d a y t h e d i r e c t t w e nt i e t h -c e nt u r y d e s c e nd -
a nt o ft h e ma g i c i a ns o f' t h e p a s t .A p o l l o ni u s o f
T y a na i s h i s p a t r o n
; M e r l i nw o r ke d h i s w o n-
d e r s b y t h e s a me ,
r u l e s
.
I t i s t o t h e mo d e r ns t u d i e s i np s y c h i c s c i e nc e
t h a t w e mu s t ,t u r nt o fi nd t h e u nd e r l y i ng me c h a n-
i s ms o fma g i c p r a c t i c e s ,fo r a fu l l t h r e e -q u a r t e r s
o fa r t ma g i c i s d u e t o , t h e l i t t l e -kno w n e ffe c t s
o fh y p no t i s mo r s u g g e s t i o n,a nd b u t a s h a d o w y
T HEREA LI T YOFS ORCERY
9 5
b a l a nc e t o t h e p o w e r s o f d i s c a r na t e i nt e l l i g e nc e s
o f e v i l .
T h e d i s c o v e r i e s o ft h e e x i s t e nc e o f"a ni ma l
ma g ne t i s m"b y M e s me r w a s t h e fi r s t s t e p w h i c h
b r o u g h t t h e p s y c h i c p h e no me na o fw i l l d o mi na -
t i o no u t o ft h e r e a l m
o f t h e o c c u l t i nt o t h e \ d o -
ma i no fme d i c a l kno w l e d g e
.Fo r a c e nt u r y M e s -
me r ' s t h e o r y h a s b e e nd i s c r e d i t e d ,b u t t o -d a y
mo d e r ns t u d e nt s o fp s y c h i c s c i e nc e a r e b e g i n-
ni ng t o p a y a t t e nt i o nt o i t a g a i n .
I t fe l l i nt o d i s c r e d i t o w i ng t o t h e d i s c o v e r i e s
o fB r a i d ,t h e M a nc h e s t e r p h y s i c i a n,w h o d i s -
c o v e r e d t h a t M e s me r ' s p h e no me na c o u l d b e p r o -
d u c e d i nd e p e nd e nt l y o ft h e t h e o r y o f"a ni ma l
ma g ne t i s m"b y p l a i nh y p no s i s
.
B r a i d ' s t h e o r i e s w e r e fo l l o w e d o u t b y Ch e r -
o o t a nd ,t h e P a r i s S c h o o l o fHy p no t i s t s ,a nd
t h e i r t h e o r i e s w e r e i nt u r nd e mo l i s h e d b y Li e -
b a u l t a nd B e r nh e i mo ft h e Na nc y S c h o o l ,w h o
h e l d t h a t a l l t h e p h e no me na o fh y p no t i s mi n
t h e i r t u r nw e r e p r o d u c e d b y s u g g e s t i o n .
I np o i nt o fa c t u a l fa c t ,a d v a nc e d t h i nke r s o f
t o -d a y h o l d t h a t t h e s a me e ffe c t ma y b e p r o -
d u c e d b y c a l l t h r e e me t h o d s o fp r a c t i c e
.I nt h e
s a me w a y w e ma y p r o d u c e a g i v e ne l e c t r i c a l
9 6

A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
p h e no me no ns u c h a s t h e l i g h t i ng o fa ni nc a n-
d e s c e nt l a mp b y t h e a c t i o no fc h e mi c a l s o l u -
t i o ns o nme t a l s i n a b a t t e r y ,o r b y t h e r o t a t i o n
o fa c o i l o fw i r e b e t w e e nma g ne t i c p o l e s i na
d y na mo . T h e me t h o d s a r e ' d i ffe r e nt ,b u t t h e
fo r c e s e v o l v e d a nd t h e e ffe c t o b t a i ne d a r e i d e n-
t i c a l .
T h e l a y mi nd w i l l fo l l o w my a r g u me nt b e t -
t e r i fI u s e t h e l o o s e t e r ms o fh y p no t i s ma nd
h y p no s i s t h a ni f I a t t e mp t a mo r e s c i e nt i fi c
t e r mi no l o g y .
T h e fi r s t p o i nt t h a t mu s t b e g r a s p e d i s t h a t
t h e s o r c e r e r o r w i z a r d p o s s e s s e s p s y c h i c g i ft s
o r q u a l i t i e s o fa ne nt i r e l y d i ffe r e nt o r d e r t o
t h o s e c l a i me d b y S p i r i t u a l i s t s .
T h e s o r c e r e r i s a h y p no t i s t -t h a t i s t o s a y ,
h e i s a ni nd i v i d u a l w h o p o s s e s s e s t h e p o w e r
o fe mi t t i ng o r r a d i a t i ng a n u nkno w n
p s y c h i c
fo r c e .
M o s t p e o p l e a r e ne u t r a l ,t h e y ne i t h e r r a d -
l a t e t h i s fo r c e no r d o t h e y o p p o s e o r r e s i s t i t s
p a s s a g e ,b u t t h e i nd i v i d u a l s w h o a r e s u s c e p t i -
b l e t o i t s a c t i o ns e e mt o p o s s e s s t h e fa c u l t y o f
a r r e s t i ng t h i s r a d i a t i o na nd c o nv e r t i ng i t t o
me nt a l e ne r g y w i t h i nt h e ms e l v e s .T h e s e a r e
T HEREA LI T YOFS ORCERY `
9 7
t h e p e o p l e w h o a r e w h a t i s kno w n a s g o o d h y p -
no t i c s u b j e c t s .
I n t h e h i s t o r i e s o ft h e g r e a t s o r c e r e r s o ft h e
p a s t t h e a s s i s t a nt , t h a t i s t o s a y t h e s u b j e c t ,
p l a y s a s i mp o r t a nt a r o l e a s d o e s t h e ma g e
h i ms e l f, .fo r t h e s u b j e c t i s t h e i ns t r u me nt o f
t h e ma s t e r .
T h e a v e r a g e p e r s o nw h o p o s s e s s e s me d i u m-
i s t i c o r p s y c h i c q u a l i t i e s i nt h e S p i r i t u a l i s t i c
s e ns e , i s i nni ne t y -ni ne c a s e s o u t o fa h u nd r e d
i na g r e a t e r o r l e s s e r d e g r e e a s e ns i t i v e h y p -
no t i c s u b j e c t
.
T h e o d d fe w w h o d o no t c o me i nt h e a b o v e
c a t e g o r y ma y b e c l a s s e d a s h e r ma p h r o d i t i c o r
d o u b l y g i ft e d i nd i v i d u a l s w h o p o s s e s s b o t h r a d -
a t i ng p o w e r a nd s u b j e c t i v i t y .One o r t w o no t e d
ma t e r i a l i z i ng me d i u ms o ft h e p a s t h a v e b e e n
t h u s e nd o w e d .
I nt h e u s u a l c i r c l e t h e r e i s t h e me d i u m,a nd
t h e s i t t e r s .S o me o ft h e s e ma y b e ne u t r a l ,b u t
i na na v e r a g e c i r c l e t h e r e a r e o ne o r mo r e w h o
p o s s e s s u nkno w nt o t h e ms e l e s a c e r t a i na mo u nt
o fr a d i a nt fo r c e .I t i s t h i s w h i c h p a s s e s a l o ng
t h e c h a i no fh a nd s t o t h e me d i u mw h e r e i t i s
a r r e s t e d a nd c o nd e ns e d t o p l a y i t s my s t e r i o u s
9 8

A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
p a r t i nt h e l i b e r a t i o no fp s y c h i c e l e me nt s t h a t
c a nb e u t i l i z e d b y t h e u ns e e ns p i r i t w o r ke r s .'
I ft h e r e i s p r e s e nt i nt h e c i r c l e a ni nd i v i d u a l
w h o
i s g r e a t l y e nd o w e d w i t h t h i s fo r c e -a nd
w h o s e me nt a l d e s i r e s a p p r o x i ma t e t o b l a c k
r a t h e r t h a nw h i t e ma g i c ,w e h a v e a ni ns t a nc e
o ft h o s e d r e a d d a ng e r s t h a t b e s e t t h o s e w h o
u nw i t t i ng l y p a s s b e y o nd t h e t h r e s h o l d o ft h e
kno w n.
T h e t r a nc e s t a t e o ft h e me d i u mi s a ki nt o
l i g h t h y p no s i s a nd t h e s u b j e c t o r me d i u mo fa
w e l l -me a ni ng l i t t l e c i r c l e o fS p i r i t u a l i s t s ma y ,
u nkno w nt o h i m
o r h e r s e l f,b e c o me t h e s l a v e
o fo ne o r o t h e r o ft h e me mb e r s o ft h e c i r c l e .
I t i s a na s s e v e r a t i o nw i t h h y p no t i s t s t h a t
t h e y h a v e no p o w e r w i t h o u t t h e
c o ns e nt
o ft h e
i nd i v i d u a l
.B u t o nc e t h e y h a v e w o nt h e e nt r y
o ft h e mi nd t h a t e nt r y i s t h e i r s fo r e v e r ,a nd
e v e nt h e b o d i l y p r e s e nc e o ft h e o p e r a t o r i s no t
r e q u i r e d t o a c h i e v e t h i s d o mi na t i o no ft h e mi nd
o ft h e S u b j e c t .*
T h e c o mmo ni ns t a nc e s w h e r e t h i s ki nd o f
t h i ng o c c u r s c a nno t b e c l a s s e d a s t r u e s o r c e r y ,
Ch a p t e r X o f P r o fe s s o r B o i r a c ' s P s y c h i c S c i e nc e " Ex .
p e r i me nt a l Re s e a r c h e s i nS l e e p P r o v o ke d a t a Di s t a nc e
."
T I M REA LI T YOI L
S ORCERY
9 9
fo r i nmo s t c a s e s t h e o p e r a t o r
i s
u nc o ns c i o u s
o f
h o w o r w h y t h e
fu l fi l me nt o fh i s d e s i r e s c o me s
a b o u t .T h e t r u e s o r c e r y o nl y c o me s i n w h e n
a n i nd i v i d u a l p o s s e s s i ng t h e -r e q u i r e d p s y c h i c
fa c u l t y ,a nd i na d d i t i o n,o c c u l t kno w l e d g e ,e x -
e r t s t h e s e o fs e t p u r p o s e i no r d e r t o g r a t i fy
h i s d e s i r e s .
Ve ng e a nc e o fa ne ne my ,t h e s u b j u g a t i o no f
a nt h e r ' s w i l l , t h e s a t i s fa c t i o no fa s e x p a s -
s i o n,a l l t h e s e a r e mo t i v e s fo r s o r c e r y .T h e
w i t c h -d o c t o r o f` We s t A fr i c a ,t h e v o o d o o p r i e s t -
e s s e s o fCu b a a nd Ha y t i p r a c t i s e t h e s e a c c o m-
p l i s h me nt s no l e s s t h a n t h e i r w h i t e b r e t h r e n
i n b l a c kma g i c .S o r c e r y l i v e s t o -d a y no l e s s
t h a ni t l i v e d c e nt u r i e s a g o .T h e r e a r e s e v e r a l
r o a d s t o i t s p o r t a l s -b u t no t a t r a c kl e a d i ng
b a c kt o t h e r e g i o ns o fl i g h t fo r t h o s e t h a t p a s s
i t s g a t e s .
T h e fi r s t a i mo ft h e s o r c e r e r i s t o g e t t h e
v i c t i mi n-a s t a t e o fs u g g e s t i b i l i t y .T h i s c a n
b e a c c o mp l i s h e d i na d o z e nd i ffe r e nt w a y s w e l l
kno w n t o t h e p r a c t i s e d , s t u d e nt
.
I nt h e fi r s t ,fu me s o fa s p e c i a l s o r t o fi n,
e e ns e p l a y e d no i nc o ns i d e r a b l e p a r t i nt h e r o l e
o fs o r c e r y
.A c c o r d i ng t o r i t u a l t h e y a r e
t o
p r o -
1 00

A M ODERN OCCULT I S T
p i t i a t e t h e s p i r i t s ---i na c t u a l p r a c t i c e t h e y i n-
d u c e r e l a x a t i o n-o nt h e p a r t o ft h e s u b j e c t a nd
a s s i s t i nb u i l d i ng u p t h a t ne c e s s a r y a t mo s p h e r e
w h i c h i s e s s e nt i a l t o s u g g e s t i b i l i t y .
T h e e ffe c t o f` d a r kne s s ,o fp o i nt s o f l i g h t
g l e a mi ng a mi d s u r r o u nd i ng d a r k,t h e ma g i c mi r -
r o r o r t h e c r y s t a l g l o b e ; a l l t h e s e w e r e mo r e
t h a ns t a g e p r o p e r t i e s --t h e y a r e t h e me c h a ni -
c a l i mp l e me nt s o f s u g g e s t i o n .
Le t u s s u p p o s e t h a t s o me w e a ka nd c u r i o u s
w o ma nv i s i t s a s o r c e r e r t o o b t a i nh i s h e l p i n
s o me a ffa i r o fh e a r t
.T h e ma no fmy s t e r y s e a t s
h e r i na c o mfo r t a b l e c h a i r ; t h e l i g h t s a r e l o w -
e r e d a nd h e t e l l s h e r t o g a z e a t t h e c r y s t a l b a l l
u p o nt h e t a b l e b e fo r e h e r .
Fu me s o fi nc e ns e h a ng i nt h e h e a v y a i r
.T h e
ma n' s v o i c e i s c l e a r ,d o mi na nt ,a nd s o no r o u s ;
s l o w l y i t b e c o me s s o o t h i ng l y mo no t o no u s
.
G r a d u a l l y t h e c l i e nt fe e l s l a ng u o r s t e a l i ng
o v e r h e r .T h e c r y s t a l b e c o me s c l o u d y a nd i n
t h e g l o b e
a p p e a r s
s o me t h i ng t h a t s h e kno w s
a nd r e c o g ni z e s .
P r o b a b l y t h e c r y s t a l t e l l s h e r no t h i ng t h a t
me a ns a ny t h i ng ' t o h e r
.Ce r t a i nl y s h e h a s s e e n
i ni t no t h i ng b u t w h a t s h e h a s kno w na t s o me
T HEREA LI T YOFS ORCERY
1 01
t i me b e fo r e ,* ` o r s o me t h i ng t h a t t h e ma g i c i a n
h a s s e e nb e fo r e .P u t t h e ne t r e s u l t i s
t h a t s h e
- i s c o nv i nc e d o ft h e o c c u l t p o w e r s p o s s e s s e d b y
h i m .
T Vs i s t h e p r e l u d e t o o t h e r v i s i t s a nd l i t t l e
b y l i t t l e h e r w i l l y i e l d s t o t h a t o ft h e s o r c e r e r
a nd t h e s u g g e s t i o ns t h a t h e h a s i mp l a nt e d i n
h e r s u b c o ns c i o u s mi nd b e g i nt o t a ke e ffe c t .I f
h e i s a d a r i ng s c o u nd r e l ,h i s d o mi na t i o n
ma y
t a ke a ny fo r m .Und o ns c i o u s t h a t s h e i s no t a c t -
i ng o fh e r o w nfr e e w i l l ,s h e ma y y e t b e b r o u g h t
t o p l a c e a t h i s d i s p o s a l e v e r y t h i ng a nd a ny t h i ng
t h a t h e ma y r e q u i r e o f h e r .
He h a s i nv o ke d no s p i r i t a i d s ,b u t h a s c a u s e d
t h e p o w e r s o f h y p no t i s ma nd s u g g e s t i o n,t a k-
i ng a d v a nt a g e o ft h e l i g h t c o nd i t i o no fh y p no s i s
i nd u c e d b y t h e c r y s t a l -g a z i ng .P o l i c e a nd p r e s s
p e r s e c u t i o ns o ft h e S e e r s o fB o nd S t r e e t a r e
no t a l t o g e t h e r u nj u s t i fi e d i nma ny c a s e s
.T h e
r e a l fa c t s ma y no t b e b r o u g h t o u t a t t h e c o u r t ,
o w i ng t o t h e s h a me t h a t p u b l i c i t y w o u l d i nfl i c t
u p o nt h e d u p e s ,b u t t h e p r o s e c u t i o ni s ,i nni ne
c a s e s o u t o ft e n,j u s t i fi a b l e .
* S e e P r o c e e d i ng s o fLa S o c i 6 t e Uni v e r s e l l e d ' Et u d e s
P s y r
e h i q u e s a nd P r o c e e d i ng s
S .P .R
.,
Va nd VI I I .
1 02

A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
T h e c l a s s ' o fp e t t y c r i mi na l s a b o v e me nt i o ne d
a r e a g a i nno t t r u e s o r c e r e r s ,i nt h a t t h e y o nl y
u s e o c c u l t na t u r a l fo r c e s ,s u mmo ni ng t o t h e i r
a i d no s p i r i t a t t r i b u t e s .I nt h e l o w e s t g r a d e o f
t h e s o r c e r e r s w e fi nd t h e ne c r o ma nc e r s .
T h e r e a r e s t i l l : a ` fe w o ft h e s e i nP a r i s a nd
l a t t e r l y t h e r e w a s o ne i nt h e We s t Co u nt r y
.I t
d e p e nd s o nt h e i nd i v i d u a l o p e r a t o r h o w mu c h
o fh i s c e r e mo ni a l i s fo r t h e p u r p o s e o fi nd u c i ng
s u g g e s t i b i l i t y o r p a r t i a l h y p no s i s a nd h o w mu c h
i s
fo r t h e d i r e c t e v o c a t i o no f,e v i l s p i r i t s .Ve r y
o ft e nt h e ne c r o ma nc e r h i ms e l fi s d e l u d e d e no u g h
t o c o nfu s e na t u r a l w i t h s u p e r na t u r a l p o w e r .
T h e r e i s a c e r t a i nc l a s s o fs p i r i t s t o w h o m
t h e a nc i e nt s g a v e t h e na me o fLe mu r e s .T h e s e
c a nb e s e mi -ma t e r i a l i z e d ,ma d e v i s i b l e ,a nd
b o u nd t o s e r v i c e b y a c o mp a r a t i v e l y s i mp l e r i t -
u a l ,fo r i np l a c e o fne e d i ng t h e ma t e r i a l v e h i c l e
o f e c t o p l a s m,e x t e nd e d b y a ma t e r i a l i z i ng me -
d i u m, ' t h e y c a nt a ke s h a p e fr o mt h e e ma na t i o ns
o fw a r mb l o o d .
T h i s v i t a l fl u i d p l a y s a ni mp o r t a nt p a r t i na l l
ma g i c a l c e r e mo ny .We fi nd me nt i o no fi t fr o m
t h e d a y s w h e nUl y s s e s p o u r e d b l o o d a nd w i ne
i nt o a t r e nc h t o c a l l u p t h e s p i r i t s b e fo r e h e
T HE REA LI T YOFS ORCERY 1 03
w e nt d o w n i nt o h e l l . I n t h e d a r k h i s t o r y
o f
( l i l l e s d e Re t z * t h e b l o o d r i t u a l i s s e e ni na l l
i t s g h o s t l i e s t fl u o r e s c e nc e
.T h e c a l a b a s h o f_
b l o o d o ft h e "w h i t e g o a t "
i s
e s s e nt i a l i no b i
a nd v o o d o o ma g i c ,a nd b l o o d ,fr e s h b l o o d ,no t
ne c e s s a r i l y b u t p r e fe r a b l y h u ma n,i s u s e d b y
t h e ne c r o ma nc e r o ft o -d a y .
T h o s e l e a r ne d i no c c u l t ma t t e r s w i l l r e a d i l y
p e r c e i v e t h e p r e c i o u s fu nc t i o nt h a t b l o o d e ma n-
a t i o ns e x e r c i s e ,b u t o nt h e y c o nt r a r y ,t h e ma no f
s c i e nc e a nd t h e p s y c h o l o g i s t w i l l no t b e a b l e t o
u nd e r s t a nd t h e p a r t t h a t b l o o d p l a y s i nt h i s
p e c u l i a r a l c h e my .
I t mu s t b e c l e a r l y u nd e r s t o o d t h a t e x p e r i me nt
o ft h i s na t u r e i s e x t r a o r d i na r i l y p e r i l o u s a nd
t h a t a ny a t t e mp t a t ne c r o ma nc y b y s t u d e nt s
w h o s e kno w l e d g e i s i ns u ffi c i e nt c a nh a v e no ne
b u t d i s a s t r o u s r e s u l t s .-
T h e e l e me nt a l fo r c e s e v o ke d b y t h i s c e r e mo ny
ma y ' b e c o mp a r e d t o g u np o w d e r .A ny fo o l c a n
b l o w h i ms e l fu p w i t h p o w d e r b y s e t t i ng a ma t c h
t o i t ,b u t i t t a ke s a s ki l l e d a r t i l l e r i s t t o h a r ne s s
"S e e "G i l l e s d e Ra i l ,d i t B a r b e B l e u ."B o ne a r d e t M a u l d e ,
Hi s t o r y o fM a g i c , Ch a p t e r VI
: "El i p h a s Le v i "I nA c t i o n,
Hu y e ma n' s
La -B a s .
t Fo r o b v i o u s r e a s o ns I h a v e s u p p r e s s e d t h e d e t a i l o f
r i t u a l .
1 04

A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
t h e fo r c e s a nd ma ke t h e m p r o p e l a
.
p r o j e c t i l e
t o a g i v e nt a r g e t .Ex p e r i me nt w i t h e l e me nt a l
fo r c e s i s a na l o g o u s a nd t h e g r e a t e r p a r t o f t h e
r i t u a l d e a l s w i t h t h e p r o t e c t i o no ft h e o p e r a t o r
o r s o r c e r e r h i ms e l ffr o mt h o s e d r e a d s p i r i t s w h o
o b e y h i s s u mmo ns .
I n1 9 1 2 I a t t e nd e d t h e c o u r s e o fl e c t u r e s o n
p s y c h i c s c i e nc e g i v e na t a s u b -s c h o o l o ft h e Uni -
v e r s i t y o fJ e na .A fe l l o w -s t u d e nt t h e r e g a v e
me a l e t t e r o fi nt r o d u c t i o nt o G o t t l i e b B e nt l e -
me y e r ,a p r o fe s s o r o fl a w a t o ne o ft h e Ha no v e r
Ho c h s c h u l e na nd a na r d e nt s t u d e nt o fb l a c k
ma g i c .
A t t h a t t i me h e h a d r o o ms i nt h e Wi e s e n
.
s t r a s s e a nd h a d i nh i s c h a r g e o ne o r t w o p r i -
v a t e p u p i l s w h o mh e w a s c r a mmi ng fo r t h e i r
ne c e s s a r y e x a mi na t i o ns .One o ft h e s e l a d s ,a
y o u ng s t e r fr o mS t e t t i n,i nNo r t h P r u s s i a ,w a s
h i s a s s i s t a nt i nt h e ne c r o ma nt i c a r t ,a nd w a s a
mo s t h i g h l y g i ft e d s e ns i t i v e e o r h y p no t i c s u b j e c t
. ,
I t w a s no t
u nt i l w e h a d h a d s e v e r a l o r d i na r y
s e a nc e s a nd h e h a d s h o w nme s o me a s t o u nd i ng
e x p e r i me nt s ,i nt h e e x t e r na l i z a t i o no fs e ns i b i l i t y
a nd c l a i r v o y a nc e u nd e r h y p no s i s t h a t I d e e me d
i t fi t t o me nt i o nt h e s u b j e c t o fne c r o ma nc y .
T HERE
A T ,T T Y
OFS ORCERY 1 05
We
w e r e a t
t h a t t i me i n
t h e Ha no v e r M u s e u m
a nd h a d b e e ne x a mi ni ng a n e x h i b i t o f"Q u a l -
a p p a r a t "-r a c ks ,w i nc h e s ,a nd t o r t u r i ng -i r o ns
o fv a r i o u s i d e s e r i p t i o ns .I t w a s o u r d i s c u s s i o n
o ft h e p o s s i b l e s e nd i ng o ft h e s p i r i t o fh i s a s s i s t -
a nt ,Wa l t h e r K r a u s ,u nd e r h y p no s i s t o p s y c h o -
me t r i z e t h e s e v i l e me mo r i a l s o fa b r u t a l p a s t
t h a t r a i s e d t h e s u b j e c t . We c a me t o t h e e o nc l u -
s i o n
t h a t t h e e x p e r i me nt w o u l d b e e x t r e me l y
h a z a r d o u s ,b u t B e nt l e me y e r ki nd l y o ffe r e d t o
a t t e mp t t o c a l l u p t h e s p i r i t o fo ne o r mo r e o f
t h e me nw h o h a d u s e d t h e s e t h i ng s .
"I t w i l l no t b e a ne a s y t a s kt o
.
fi nd t h e m,"
h e s a i d ,"b u t b e i ng me n o f b l o o d i t ma y b e p o s -
s i b l e t o fi nd t h e mb y me a ns o ft h e b l o o d e l e -
me nt a l s ."
I t t o o ku s t h r e e d a y s t o ma ke o u r
,
p r e p a r a -
t i o ns ,
fo r a l t h o u g h B e nt l e me y e r h a d a ne x c e l l e nt
a nd s y s t e ma t i c a l l y a r r a ng e d c a b i ne t o f ma g i c a l
r e q u i s i t e s ,o ne o r t w o t h i ng s h a d t o b e p r o -
c u r e d .
Hi s a s s o c i a t i o nw i t h t h e Ho c h s c h u l e e na b l e d
h i mt o o b t a i nfr e s h b l o o d t h r o u g h t h e a g e nc y
o fo ne o fh i s me d i c a l c o l l e a g u e s .
We r e h e a r s e d t h e r i t u a l c a r e fu l l y ,i no r d e r
1 06

A M ODERNOOG ULT I S T '
t h a t t h e r e s h o u l d b e no fa u l t , a nd I mu s t c o n-
fe s s t h a t I p r e p a r e d my s e l ffo r t h e o r d e a l w i t h
c o ns i d e r a b l e t r e p i d a t i o n .Hi s c e r e mo ni a l o f
e v o c a t i o nw a s s l i g h t l y a t v a r i a nc e w i t h a c c e p t e d
Fr e nc h p r a c t i c e ,b u t t h e d i s c r e p a nc i e s w e r e no t
ma t e r i a l a nd a p p e a r e d t o h a v e c r e p t i n d u r i ng
t h e t i me o f K i ng Fr e d e r i c kWi l h e l mo fP r u s -
s i a .B e nt l e me y e r i nfo r me d me t h a t t h e o r i g -
i na l M S .i nG e r ma na nd He b r e w h a d b e e ni n
t h e p o s s e s s i o no ft h e c e l e b r a t e d S t e i ne r t
.*
I t
w a s
a c l e a r a u t u mnni g h t w i t h a p e r fe c t
mo o n
; t h e a i r h a d a t o u c h o ffr o s t i ni t a nd
t h e g r e a t t o w no fHa no v e r w a s q u i e t a nd s t i l l .
B e nt l e me y e r w a s a l r e a d y i nh i s r o b e s w h e n
o ne o ft h e p u p i l s a d mi t t e d me .I c h a ng e d i nt o
t h e ne c e s s a r y g a r me nt s ,t o o kt h e r o d a nd g i r d l e
w h i c h h e h a d l e nt me ,a nd p l a c e d t h e s na ke -
h i l t e d p o ni a r d i ni t s b e l t s h e a t h .
T h e c i r c l e o fe v o c a t i o nh a d b e e nr ma r ke d o u t
i nc h a l ko nt h e fl o o r
.T h e p r e p a r e d c a nd l e s
b u r nt i nt h e a ng l e s o ft h e p e nt a c l e a nd t h e
s a u c e r s o fs a l t a nd t h e e l e me nt s w e r e i nt h e i r
a p p r o p r i a t e p l a c e s .T h e s o r c e r e r s t o o d w i t h i n
* S t e i ne r t w a s t h e c h i e f a d e p t i nt h e S o c i e t y o ft h e I i -
l u mi na t i . S e e Es s e 4a w r i s Re o t e d e s I l l u nnd a , M a r q u i s d e
La c h e t .
T HE
RJ I A L1 T Y
OFS ORCERY
1 07 "
h i s c i r c l e o fp r o t e c t i o nfa c i ng t h e s ma l l t r i p o d
/ b r a z i e r i nw h i c h w a s a b r a z e np l a t e g l o w i ng
o v e r t h e fr a me o fa s ma l l s p i r i t l a mp
.
I t o o kmy p l a c e `
w i t h i n_
t h e e nc e i nt e o fa s i m
i l a r ' d i a g r a m,a nd o n a c o u c h ,l y i ng b e t w e e nu s ,
w a s Wa l t h e r ,t h e a s s i s t a nt .T h e c a nd l e l i g h t s
b u r nt i nt h e d r a u g h t l e s s a t mo s p h e r e ,t h e d u l l
y e l l o w i s h fl a me s s t a nd i ng u p w i t h o u t
a fl i c ke r ,
s e nd i ng t h e i r fa i nt t a i l o fb l a c ks mo ke t o w a r d
t h e c e i l i ng . B e y o nd t h e c o nfi ne s o fo u r p r o -
t e c t i v e c i r c l e s w a s a g r o t e s q u e b r o nz e b o w l o r
s h a l l o w b a s i n .B e nt l e me y e r r e mo v e d t h e b l a c k
v e l v e t h o o d t h a t c o v e r e d i t a nd t h e fi l my c r i m-
s o ns u r fa c e o ffr e s h b l o o d g l e a me d i nt h e l i g h t .
A t a s i g nw e b e g a nt h e c h a nt i ng o ft h e p r e -
l i mi na r y i nv o c a t i o ns t o t h e g u a r d i a ns o ft h e
g a t e s
.
T h e r o o mw a s s o no r o u s w i t h t h e g r e a t
He b r e w na me s ,a nd fr o mt i me t o t i me a fr e s h
p i nc h o fi nc e ns e o nt h e b r a z i e r w o u l d s e nd a
w r e a t h o fp u ng e nt fu me a c r o s s t h e r o o m .
T h e b o y ,o nt h e c o u c h b r e a t h e d h e a v i l y ,j o o s -
e ne d t h e r e s t r i c t i o no fh i s g a r me nt s ,a nd s o o n
s u b s i d e d i nt o a d e fi ni t e s t a t e o ft r a nc e .
Fr o mi nv o c a t i o nw e .c h a ng e d t o t h e r i t u a l o f
e v o c a t i o n.A nd b e fo r e t h e e c h o e s o ft h e fi r s t
1 08 - A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
s u mmo ns h a d d i e d d o w n,a ' c o l d w i nd s e e me d
t o b u r s t o u t i nt h e v e r y h e a r t o ft h e r o o mi t -
s e l f,
ma ki ng t h e c a nd l e s fl i c ke r a nd t h e s h a d .
o w s fl i t a nd d a nc e i na r a b e s q u e s a c r o s s t h e l o w
c e i l i ng
.
I fe l t fo r t h e p o ni a r d a t my b e l t a nd d r a w i ng
i t fr o mi t s s h e a t h h e l d t h e na ke d b l a d e r e a d y .*
T h e s e c o nd a nd t h i r d u t t e r a nc e s o ft h e w o r d s
o fp o w e r i nt e ns i fi e d t h e e ffe c t a nd t h e b o y
mo a ne d p i t i fu l l y .
B e nt l e me y e r s i g ne d t o me w i t h h i s r o d t o
l o o k t o w a r d t h e b l o o d b o w l .
T h e s u r fa c e o ft h e l i q u i d w a s b e i ng s l o w l y
a g i t a t e d ,s t r o ng s w i r l s a nd b r o ke nw a v e mo -
t i o ns a p p e a r e d o nt h e
.s u r fa c e ,s l u g g i s h ,i r i d e s -
c e nt b u b b l e s fl o a t e d fo r a w h i l e a nd b u r s t ,a nd
a t l a s t t h e w h o l e b o d y o ffl u i d w i t h i nt h e b o w l
w a s i na s t a t e o fv i o l e nt a g i t a t i o n
.
T h e s o r c e r e r b e nt t o a v e s s e l o nt h e g r o u nd
a nd t h r e w u p o nt h e b r a z i e r s o me ne w e s s e nc e -
no t a ni nc e ns e . T h e "s mo ke w r e a t h e d i t s e l f
a b o v e t h e b r a z i e r ,t h e ns e e me d t o t a ke s h a p e l i ke
a p i l l a r a nd c u r v e t o w a r d t h e b l o o d b o w l .
* El e me nt a l s c a nno t fa c e p o i nt e d s t e e l .
P r o b a b l y b e c a u s e
t h e l a t t e r c o nc e nt r a t e s r a d i a t i o n
o fp s y c h i c fo r c e fr o mt h e
a
h u ma nb o d y w h i c h a r e d e s t r u c t i v e t o t h e m
T HEREA LI T YOFS ORCERY 1 09
S l o w l y y e t d i s t i nc t l y t h e v a p o u r s c l u s t e r e d
a b o v e t h e b l o o d a nd s l o w l y t o o ks e mi -h u ma n
s h a p e . I nc e s s a nt l y t h e y c h a ng e d a nd me l t e d
no w l i mb -l i ke ,h e r e b e t r a y i ng t h e o u t l i ne o fa
d e mo nfa c e ,t h e r e a p i l l a r e d ,s mo o t h l y w o r ki ng
t r u nk .
Fr o mt h e b o w l c a me a no i s e l i ke c a t s ' t o ng u e s
l a p p i ng a nd no w a nd t h e nt h e b o w l i t s e l fw o u l d
t i l t a nd mo v e a fr a c t i o no fa ni nc h o r s o a b o u t
t h e fl o o r .Fo r a mo me nt w e w a t c h e d t h i s mo n-
s t r o u s ma ni fe s t a t i o ni ns i l e nc e .T h e nt h e s o r -
c e r e r r e s u me d h i s r i t u a l a nd b o u nd t h e s p i r i t s
p r e s e nt t o d o h i s b i d d i ng t o t h e s p e l l o ft h e
T h r e e K no w na nd One Unkno w ne l e me nt s .
"Wh a t a r e y o u r na me s ?"h e a s ke d ,a nd t h e
e l e me nt a l d e mo ns o r s p i r i t s s p e a ki ng t h r o u g h
t h e t r a nc e -b o u nd b o y g a v e t h e m .
"Wh o i s y o u r l e a d e r ?"T h e r e w a s a mo -
me nt a r y h e s i t a t i o n,a nd t h e na s p i r i t a ns w e r -
i ng t o t h e na me o fA o na l i ka s s u me d t h e l e a d e r
s h i p .

-
"Ha v e y o u b e e na mo r t a l ?"
"No ,I w a s ne v e r mo r t a l .I w a s a ne a r t h -
s p i r i t ,s e r v i ng t h e p r i e s t s o fOd i nt i l l t h e Cr o s s
c a me ."-
1 1 0

A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
"Wh a t b r o u g h t y o u h e r e t o -ni g h t ?"
"T h e B l o o d Li b a t i o na nd t h e s u mmo ns .
Wh a t d o y o u w a nt o fu s ?We w i s h t o d e p a r t ."
"Yo u a r e b o u nd t o d o my b i d d i ng b y t h e
w o r d s o fM i g h t .Yo u ma y
no t g o .I w a nt y o u
t o fi nd fo r me t h e s p i r i t o fo ne o ft h e me no f
b l o o d w h o u s e d t h e t o r t u r e i ns t r u me nt s i nt h e
M u s e u m ."
I ` I d o no t kno w t h e me n ."
"I c o mma nd y o u t o s e e kt h e m .I c o mma nd
a l l o fy o u b y t h e p o w e r s t h a t a r e mi ne t o s e e k
a nd b r i ng t h e m ."
Fo r a mo me nt -t h e r e w a s s i l e nc e ,b r o ke no nl y
b y t h e l a b o u r e d b r e a t h i ng o ft h e b o y .
T h e n
h e s p o ke a g a i n .
"I h a v e fo u nd o ne ,0M a s t e r s ."
"Wh a t i s h i s na me ?"
"K u r t Et t e t h u r m ."
"He i s t o a ns w e r
my q u e s t i o ns h i ms e l f,
Wh e r e d i d y o u l i v e ?"
A ne w a nd h a r s h e r v o i c e i s s u e d fr o mt h e
b o y ' s l i p s
.
"B y S a c h s e nh a u s e n,ne a r A u g s b u r g ."
"Wh e n?"
"I nt h e t i me o fCh a r l e s t h e Fi ft h o fS p a i n ."
T HEREA LI T YOP S ORCERY 3l 1
"We r e y o u o ne o f h i s .t o r t u r e r s ?"
"No ,I s e r v e d Co u nt A nt o no fT o r ne u
."
"Wh o w e r e y o u r v i c t i ms 1 "
j ' Cr i mi na l s ,b a nd i t s ,a nd Lu t h e r a ns ."
"Wh e nd i d y o u d i e t "
"A t M u h l b e r g ."
"Wh e n--no t w h e r e R"
"A t M u h l b e r g ki l l e d i nt h e b a t t l e o f,M u h i -
b e r g .
"
"Wh e r e a r e y o u no w ?"
"Wh y a s k?I a mi na l o w e r s t a t e
."
"Do y o u r e v i s i t t h i s s p h e r e u nl e s s s u m-
mo ne d ?"
"I a ma l w a y s h e r e ,b u t y o u c a nno t s e e me ."
"Wh e r e a r e y o u u s u a l l y ?"
"B y t h e s l a u g h t e r h o u s e s ."
"Do y o u mo v e fr o mp l a c e t o p l a c e I "
"Ye s ,I fo l l o w t h e S c h a r fr i c h t e r ( h e a d s -
ma n) ."
"Wh y ?"
'
"T o w a t c h
. "
"A r e y o u b o u nd t o t "
"No ,I - l i ke i t ."
* I nG e r ma ny c a p i t a l p u ni s h me nt fs s t i l l c a r r i e d o u t b y
t h e h e a d s ma n,w h o b e h e a d s w i t h a s w o r d .
1 1 2

A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
Ca ny o u s h o w y o u r s e l ft o u s ?"
I d o no t t h i nks o .He l p me a nd I w i l l
t r y ."
I I Ho w
c a nw e h e l p y o u ?"
"P l a c e t h a t b o w l o fb l o o d a t t h e no r t h e r n
c o r ne r o ft h e p e nt a c l e ."
I mu s t h a v e s t a r t e d t o mo v e fo r w a r d ,fo r
B e nt l e me y e r s h o u t e d a t me t o ke e p s t i l l ,a nd I
r e a l i z e d i na fl a s h t h a t I h a d ne a r l y b e e n
t r a p p e d i nt o g o i ng b e y o nd t h e p r o t e c t i o no fmy
c i r c l e .

r
T h e b o y b e g a nt o c h u c kl e h o r r i b l y a nd t h e n
s u d d e nl y c h o ke d . B e fo r e o u r e y e s h i s fa c e b e -
c a me e mp u r p l e d ,h i s e y e s s e e me d t o s t a r t fr o m
h i s h e a d ,a nd t h e t o ng u e p r o t r u d e d . Hi s l e g s
ki c ke d a nd h i s h a nd s b e a t fe e b l y a t s o me t h i ng
s o l i d -i mp e ne t r a b l e -b u t i nv i s i b l e ,t h a t p o i s e d
i nt h e e mp t y a i r a b o v e h i m .
"S t o p i t ,fo r G o d ' s s a ke ! "I c r i e d t o B e nt l e -
me y e r .
M y v o i c e a w o ke h i mfr o mt h e c r e e p i ng p a r -
a l y s i s o ft e r r o r t h a t w a s ma s t e r i ng h i m,a nd
r a i s i ng t h e s c r o l l : o ft h e r i t u a l h e r e c o v e r e d
h i ms e l fb y a ne ffo r t o fw i l l ,a nd u t t e r e d t h e
w o r d s o ft h e s p e l l o fr e l e a s e .
T HE REA LT T Y
OFS ORCERY 1 1 3-
A s w i r l o fi c y c o l d w i nd s e e me d
t o s w e e p
a b o u t u s ,a nd I s t a b b e d a t t h e
, i nv i s i b l e g r a s p
t h a t s e e me d t o b e p l u c ki ng a t my g a r me nt s .
T w o o ft h e c a nd l e s w e nt o u t a nd t h e w i nd o w s
r a t t l e d v i o l e nt l y i nt h e i r fr a me s .T h e nw i t h
fr i g h t e ni ng s u d d e nne s s -t h e ma ni fe s t a t i o ns
c e a s e d .
T h e b o y w a s g a s p i ng fo r b r e a t h o nc e mo r e
a nd t h e t e r r o r h a d p a s s e d .
No t ,u nt i l t h e l a s t o ft h e v a l e d i c t o r y p h r a s e s
o ft h e r i t u a l h a d b e e ns a i d d i d e i t h e r
- o fu s d a r e
l e a v e o u r s t a t i o ns . T h e n b o t h o fu s ,s h o c ke d
a nd t e r r i fi e d b y w h a t w e h a d s e e n,w e nt o v e r
t o t h e b o y Wa l t h e r .
He w a s d e e p l y
e nt r a nc e d y e t , b r e a t h i ng h e a v -
i l y
; t h e c o l o u r h a d no t y e t e b b e d fr o mh i s fa c e
a nd o nh i s b r o w w e r e b e a d s a nd r u nne l s o f
p e r s p i r a t i o n .
B e nt l e me y e r ma d e a fe w p a s s e s ,b r e a t h e d o n
h i s e y e l i d s ,a nd b r o u g h t h i mr o u nd
.B u t t h e r e
o nh i s u nc o l l a r e d ne c kw a s t h e d a r k,b r u i s e d
i mp r i nt o fs t r a ng l i ng fi ng e r s
.
T h i s e x p e r i e nc e w a s p h e no me na l
.We e x a m-
i ne d t h e r o o mc a r e fu l l y a ft e r w a r d s a nd c a me
1 1 4 A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
t o t h e c o nc l u s i o nt h a t t h e c o u c h
o nw h i c h Wa l -
t h e r w a s l y i ng p r o j e c t e d a t o ne c o r ne r o v e r t h e
c i r c u i t o ft h e d i a g r a m t h a t
s h o u l d h a v e p r o -
t e c t e d i t
.T h e i d e nt i t y o ft h e s p i r i t w e c o u l d
no t d e t e r mi ne
.Wh e t h e r i t w a s r e a l l y t h e s p i r i t
o ft h e e x e c u t i o ne r o r t o r t u r e r ,w h e t h e r i t w a s
me r e l y a ni mp e r s o na t i o nb y a d e mo ne l e me nt a l ,
o r w h a t p a r t i c u l a r d e ni z e n o ft h e r e a l mo fe v i l
i t w a s t h a t c a me t o t h e s u mmo ns a nd t h e b l o o d
b o w l I c a nno t s a y .
I l e a r nt l a t e r t h a t ,
B e nt l e me y e r w a s ,d e s p i t e
h i s l e a r ni ng a nd I d s p r o fe s s i o na l s t a nd i ng ,
a
ma no fno t o r i o u s l y e v i l a nd d e p r a v e d l i fe .
T h e r e i s no d o u b t t h a t o u r e x p e r i e nc e s t h a t
e v e ni ng t h o r o u g h l y - s t a r t l e d h i m
.
A b r o t h e r
s t u d e nt o fp r o v e nr e l i a b i l i t y t o l d me l a t e r t h a t
B e nt l e me y e r h a d a s s u r e d h i mt h a t h e c o u l d a nd
d i d e v o ke e v i l s p i r i t s ,a nd e v o ke t h e mt o e x e -
c u t e ma l i c i o u s t r i c ks u p o nh i s c o nfr e r e s i nt h e
p r o fe s s i o na l w o r l d
.
I n t h i s c o nne c t i o ni t i s i nt e r e s t i ng t o no t e
t h a t w h e nl o o ki ng t h r o u g h h i s c a b i ne t o fma g -
i o a l i ns t r u me nt s I s a w t w o s ma l l nu d e w a x e n
mo d e l s ,ma l e a nd fe ma l e
.I a s ke d a t t h e t i me
t h e p u r p o s e o ft h e s e - a nd h e e x p l a i ne d t h a t t h e y
T HEREA LI T YOFS ORCERY
1 1 5
w e r e u s e d b y h i mi na h y p no t i c e x p e r i me nt w i t h
Wa l t h e r
.T h i s w a s t h e p h e no me no nkno w na s
e x t e r na l i z a t i o no fs e ns i b i l i t y
.
Und e r h y p no s i s Wa l t h e r ' s ' fe e l i ng o fs e ns a -
t i o nc o u l d b e t r a ns fe r r e d b y t h e o p e r a t o r t o
a ny o b j e c t ,s u c h a s a g l a s s o fw a t e r o r a w a x e n
d o l l
.A p i n-p r i c ko nt h e s u r fa c e o ft h e w a t e r
w o u l d b e fe l t b y h i ma s a na c u t e p r i c ki ng s e n-
s a t i o na l l o v e r t h e b o d y
.Wh e nt h e d o l l w a s
u s e d ,p a i nw a s fe l t b y Wa l t h e r i nt h e p r e c i s e
p l a c e w h e r e t h e d o l l w a s p r i c ke d
.*
T h e h y p o t h e s i s i s t h a t t h e s o r c e r e r a nd
w i z a r d o ft h e M i d d l e A g e s ma d e u s e o ft h i s
p h e no me no na nd t h a t t h e i r v i c t i ms w e r e t h e
u nc o ns c i o u s v i c t i ms o fh y p no s i s
.B e fo r e .t h i s h y -
p o t h e s i s c a nb e d i s mi s s e d b y t h e s c e p t i c i t s h o u l d
b e r e me mb e r e d t h a t s o r c e r y fl o u r i s h e d b e s t i n
a g e s o f fa i t h a nd s u p e r s t i t i o n .A na c t i v e b e l i e f
i nt h e p o w e r s o fs o r c e r y o r w i t c h c r a ft fa c i l i -
t a t e s no t o nl y d i r e c t s u g g e s t i o n,b u t a l s o s u g -
g e s t i o no ns e l f-h y p no s i s .
A p o i nt o fi nt e r e s t i s t h a t t h e e ffe c t s o fs o r -
c e r y o r e v i l s u g g e s t i o na r e c a p a b l e o fb e i ng
* Ch a p t e r I I , P s y c h i c a l a nd S u p e r no r ma l P h e no me na ,
b y Dr .
P a u l J o i r e
; Ch a p t e r XV, P s y c h i c S c i e nc e , b y Emi l e B o r i a c ,
a nd nu me r o u s o t h e r w o r ks g i v e d e t a i l s o ft h i s p h e no me no n .
1 1 6

A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
r e me d i e d b y p e o p l e w h o u nd e r s t a nd t h e s u b j e c t .
Ex o r c i s mi s v a l u a b l e a nd i s a s r e a l a s s o r c e r y ,
a nd i t i s b y no me a ns a l o s t a r t a mo ng t h o s e
o c c u l t i s t s w h o h a v e
s t u d i e d t h e d a r ks i d e o f
s p i r i t p h e no me na i no r d e r t o kno w a l l t h a t w e
a r e a l l o w e d t o kno w o f
t h i s d a ng e r o u s s u b j e c t .
A b o v e a l l t h i ng s ,t h e S p i r i t u a l i s t w h o h a s
c e r t a i nh e a l i ng q u a l i t i e s i nc o nne c t i o nw i t h me -
d i u mi s t i c g i ft s s h o u l d a v o i d a ny a t t e mp t a t
e x .
o r c i s m
.Ca s e s h a v e b e e nkno w nw h e nt h e a t -
t e mp t w a s s u c c e s s fu l ,b u t o nl y i ns o fa r t h a t
t h e e v i l w a s t r a ns fe r r e d fr o mt h e o r i g i na l v i c -
t i mt o t h e w o u l d -b e h e a l e r .A s a r u l e ,t h e r e -
s u l t s a r e b a d
fo r b o t h p a r t i e s .T h e me nt a l a nd
-c o ns e q u e nt l y p h y s i c a l d a ng e r s o ft h i s ki nd o f
t h i ng a r e fa r t o o s e r i o u s t o b e l i g h t l y me d d l e d
w i t h
. One c a nno t i ns i s t o nt h i s t o o s t r o ng l y
.
CHA P T ERVI I
I NCENS EA NDOCCULT I S M
T HE
a nc i e nt s p o s s e s s e d a ma z i ng s e c r e t s c o n-
c e r ni ng p s y c h i c kno w l e d g e o fa l l ki nd s .A p a r t
fr o mt h e p h i l o s o p h i c a l t e ne t s h e l d b y t h e v a -
r i o u s d e g r e e s o fp r i e s t c r a ft t h e r e w a s a s p e c i a l
s e c r e t kno w l e d g e o fw h a t ma y b e c a l l e d t h e
me c h a ni c a l s i d e . T h e y kne w h o w t o p r o d u c e
p h e no me na .
T h e na s no w ,t h e s p e c i a l l y g i ft e d w e r e u s e d
i nc o nne c t i o nw i t h t h e s e r v i c e o fmy s t e r i e s ,b u t
i na l l t h e o l d c u l t s w h i c h a t t a i ne d t o a ny d e g r e e
o fo r g a ni z a t i o nt h e a r c h -p r i e s t s o r h i e r o p h a nt s
w e r e no t t h e ms e l v e s me d i u ms ,b u t ma d e u s e o f
me d i u ms a s i ns t r u me nt s
.T h e r o l e p l a y e d b y
t h e ,me d i u mw a s a mo r e o r l e s s u ni mp o r t a nt
o ne j u s t a s t o -d a y t h e "p s y c h i c s "u s e d b y t h e
d i ffe r e nt s e c t s o fT i b e t a nLa ma s a r e r e l a t i v e l y
u ni mp o r t a nt a nd i ns i g ni fi c a nt me mb e r s o ft h e
p r i e s t c r a ft .
T h e p r i e s t s h a d ,h o w e v e r ,o t h e r s e c r e t s --s e -
1 1 7
1 1 8

A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
c r e t s w h i c h o no c c a s i o nc o nfe r r e d t h e g i ft o f
v i s i o no nt h e o r d i na r y no n-p s y c h i c p e r s o n
. S a -
c e r d o t a l i s ma nd r o y a l t y w e r e c l o s e l y a l l i e d no t
o nl y
i na nc i e nt Eg y p t ,b u t t h r o u g h o u t t h e b u l k
o ft h e mi d -Or i e nt a l a nd B y z a nt i ne c u l t s .T h e n
a s no w ,p e o p l e d e ma nd e d p r o o fo fmi r a c l e s a nd
t h 6 p r o o fh a d t o b e fo r t h c o mi ng .
Li t t l e b y l i t t l e ,s a v a nt s h a v e r e c o v e r e d fr o m
h i e r o g l y p h a nd p a p y r i ,fr o ms t o ne a nd ma nu -
s c r i p t ,s o me t h i ng o ft h e g r e a t r i t u a l s a nd s o me -
t h i ng o fb o t h t h e o u t e r a nd i nne r fo r ms o f
t h e s e d e a d fa i t h s .
We kno w e no u g h t o r e a l i z e t h a t t h e a d e p t s
p o s s e s s e d t h e a r t o fr e l e a s i ng t h e s p i r i t fr o m
t h e b o d y a nd o fp r o d u c i ng t h e t r a nc e s t a t e no t
o nl y i ni nd i v i d u a l s b u t i nc o mp a r a t i v e l y l a r g e
c o ng r e g a t i o ns .
T h e t w o h y p o t h e s e s a r e t h e a g e nc y o fh y p no -
t i s ma nd t h e a g e nc y o fs o me me c h a ni c a l o r p h y s -
i o l o g i c a l fa c t o r s u c h a s a d r u g .
T h e p o s s i b i l i t i e s o fh y p no t i s mi nt h e fo r m
o fc r o w d s u g g e s t i o nc a nno t b e o v e r l o o ke d ,b u t
i t d o e s no t e nt i r e l y a c c o u nt fo r s o me o ft h e
p h e no me na t h a t t r a d i t i o nh a s h a nd e d d o w na nd
w h i c h i s s u b s t i t u t e d b y c o nt e mp o r a r y r e c o r d
.
I NCENS EA NDOCCULT I S M
1 1 9
A na l y s i s o fs o me o ft h e s e c u l t s s h o w s t h a t
t h e i ni t i a t e s p a r t o o ko fa c e r e mo ni a l d r i nko r
b r e w o fs o me ki nd a nd t h a t t h e r e i s
a mo r e t h a n
my s t i c a l u s e o ft h e c e ns e r .Ni ne -t e nt h s o ft h e
s o -c a l l e d p r o p i t i a t o r y r i t u a l w a s s y mb o l i c ,b u t
t h e r e r e ma i ns a nu ne x p l a i ne d t e nt h p a r t w h o s e
a g e nc y w a s p r i ma r i l y t h a t o fme c h a ni c a l e x -
c i t a nt o fw h a t o ne ma y t e r m"p s y c h i s m"-
t h o s e q u a l i t i e s o fp e r c e p t i o nt h a t w e c l a s s a s
p s y c h i c g i ft s .
I t i s p r e c i s e l y t h e s e e x t r a o r d i na r i l y v a l u a b l e
s e c r e t s t h a t w e r e a mo ng t h e d e e p e s t a r t s o f,t h e
p r i e s t c r a ft .T h e r e w a s no r e c o r d o ft h e s e -
no t h i ng d i r e c t i s t o b e fo u nd i nt h e w r i t i ng s ,
a nd a l t h o u g h i t i s p o s s i b l e t o
r e c o v e r t h e p h i l -
o s o p h i c ,b a s e s o ft h e my t h s t h e s e r u l e -o f-t h u mb
my s t e r i e s s t i l l e l u d e u s .
A ft e r a l l ,ma ny o t h e r s i mi l a r s e c r e t s ,a nd
e v e nfa i r l y w e l l -kno w nc o mmo nfa c t s o fa n-
t i q u i t y ,h a v e b e e nl o s t t o u s
.We d o no t kno w
t h e c o mp o s i t i o no ft h e c e l e b r a t e d Ro ma nfi s h
s a u c e "g a r u m
."We c a nno t t e l l w h a t a r e t h e
i ng r e d i e nt s o fS t r a d i v a r i u s ' v i o l i nv a r ni s h e s o r
s o me o l d ma s t e r ' s c o l o u r s
.Ne v e r t h e l e s s ,i t i s
u nr e a s o na b l e t o s u p p o s e t h a t t h e ne c e s s a r y ma -
1 2 0

A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
a e r i a l s h a v e v a ni s h e d fr o mt h e e a r t h .We h a v e
t h e w h o l e kno w nw o r l d t o r a ns a c kfo r t h e m
w h e r e t h e a nc i e nt s h a d o nl y a l i mi t e d a nd c i r -
c u ms c r i b e d nu mb e r o f p l a nt s ,b e a s t s ,a nd mi n-
e r a l s fr o mw h i c h t o g a t h e r t h e i r i ng r e d i e nt s .
T h e fu nc t i o no fs o me d r u g s ' i s t o p r o d u c e
me nt a l e ffe c t s ,v i s i o ns ,h a l l u c i na t i o ns ,d r e a ms ,
a nd p h a nt o ms .T h e l o g i c a l a s s u mp t i o ni s ' t h a t
t h e a nc i e nt s kne w c e r t a i nr u l e -o f-t h u mb me t h -
o d s o fu t i l i z i ng s o me fo r ms o ft h e s e d r u g s i n
s u c h a w a y a s t o l o o s e n t h e h o l d o ft h e b o d y
( a nd t h e c o ns c i o u s ne s s )u p o nt h e mi nd ,a nd t o
p r o d u c e a na r t i fi c i a l s t a t e o fc l a i r v o y a nc e .
T h e w i z a r d o ft h e M i d d l e A g e s w a s a l s o a
d o c t o r ,a nd i t i s c l a i me d t h a t t h e fa mi l i a r t h a t
i nh a b i t e d t h e s w o r d o fP ,a r a c e l s u s -w h i c h
s w o r d h e a l w a y s h a d b y h i ma nd c o u l d ne v e r
b e p a r t e d fr o m-w a s no ne o t h e r t h a na c e r t a i n
a mo u nt o fo p i u mc o nc e a l e d i nt h e h o l l o w
p o mme l .*
T h e fu nc t i o no fh y p no t i c d r u g s i s kno w n' t o
a p o i nt .T h a t i s t o s a y ,w e kno w w h a t e ffe c t i s
p r o d u c e d o na no r ma l i nd i v i d u a l b y a g i v e n
d o s e o fa nu nkno w nd r u g ,b u t i nni ne c a s e s o u t

P a r a o e l s u s , Fr .
A . nu fni .
I NCENS EA NDOCCULT I S M 1 2 1
o ft e nw e d o no t kno w p r e c i s e l y h o w t h i s e ffe c t
i s b r o u g h t a b o u t a nd h a v e fe w c l u e s t o t h e s e r -
i e s o fp h y s i o l o g i c a l r e a c t i o ns t h a t b r i ng a b o u t
t h e me nt a l s t a t e .
T h e c o nne c t i o nb e t w e e na p h y s i c a l d r a u g h t
a nd a .me nt a l s t a t e i s i nd i c a t e d t h r o u g h o u t t h e
h i s t o r y o f ma g i c .Ce r e mo ni a l l i b a t i o ns ,r i t u a l
c o ns u mp t i o no fp o t i o ns o r ` "d e v i l ' s ' b r e w s "o f
o ne ki nd a nd a no t h e r a r e p a r t a nd p a r c e l o f
t h e t r a d i t i o ns o fne c r o ma nc y a nd s o r c e r y ,
T h e
c o nne c t i o nb e t w e e nt h e s e h y p no t i c
d r a u g h t s a nd t h e p r a c t i c e o fp o i s o ni ng w a s no t
c l e a r l y p e r c e i v e d b y mo s t w r i t e r s o ft h e p a s t
.
S o r c e r y a nd p o i s o ni ng w e r e i nd e e d t w i np r a c -
t i c e s o ft h e M i d d l e A g e s ,fo r w h e r e t h e s p e l l
mi g h t fa i l w h i t e a r s e ni c w o u l d s u c c e e d ,b u t i t
i s no t fa i r t o c l a s s a l l ma g i c a l p o t i o ns a s p r e p -
a r a t i o ns o fs e c r e t p o i s o ns ,a l t h o u g h i np o i nt o f
fa c t mo s t o ft h e h y p no t i c d r u g s a r e t o x i c .
T h e me t h o d s o fa d mi ni s t e r i ng t h e d r u g s a r e
t w o -na me l y ,b y d r a u g h t ,t h a t i s t o s a y b y d i
r e c t c o ns u mp t i o n,a nd i nh a l a t i o n .T h e fu nc t i o n
o ft h e i nc e ns e u s e d i nt h a u ma t u r g i c a l c e r e mo n-
i e s w a s p r i ma r i l y t o i nt o x i c a t e t h e a u d i e nc e .
J u s t a s t h e P y t h o ne s s o ft h e De l p h i c o r a c l e s
1 2 2

A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
i nh a l e d ,t h e v a p o u r s o ft h e ma g i c c a v e , s o t h e
Eg y p t i a ns i nh a l e d p r e p a r e d i nc e ns e s i nt h e i r
t e mp l e s .T h e c a s t i ng o fh e r b s u p o nt h e fi r e ,
t h e b u r ni ng o fp r e p a r e d s a c r i fi c i a l c a nd l e s o r
fi a mb e a u x ,a l l t h e s e .p l a y t h e i r p a r t i nt h e me -
c h a ni c a l i nd u c t i o no ft h e p s y c h i c s t a t e .
Fr a nki nc e ns e a nd my r r h ,a nd i np a r t i c u l a r
g u mb e nz o i n,p o s s e s s s o o t h i ng p r o p e r t i e s t h a t
e ffe c t t h e t h r o a t a nd na s a l p a s s a g e s .B e s i d e s
b e i ng p l e a s a nt ,t h e s e g u ms fo r me d a ne x c e l l e nt
v e h i c l e fo r d i s g u i s i ng t h e s c e nt o fo t h e r ma t t e r s
a nd p r e v e nt i ng t h e i r s p a s mo d i c o r i ns t a nt a c -
t i o no nt h e t h r o a t .
T h e ky p h i c o r i nc e ns e o fa nc i e nt Eg y p t * w a s
c o mp o u nd e d o fmy r r h ,g u m-ma s t i c ,a r o ma t i c
r u s h r o o t s ,r e s i n,a nd j u ni p e r b e r r i e s .T o t h e s e
a r o ma t i c s w e r e a d d e d s ma l l q u a nt i t i e s o fs y m-
b o l i c e l e me nt s ,s u c h a s g r a p e s ,h o ne y a nd w i ne ,
a nd a p o r t i o no fb i t u me no r a s p h a t e u m, w h o s e
p u r p o s e mi g h t b e e i t h e r s y mb o l i c o r t o s e r v e
a s a b i nd i ng me d i u mfo r t h e ma s s .
I na d d i t i o nt o t h e s e ,v a r i o u s s p i c e s a nd p e r -
fu me s w e r e u s e d .Ci nna mo nb a r k,s a nd a l w o o d ,
c a r d a mo m,a nd e v e na mb e r g r i s a nd mu s k .T h e
* S e e Eb e r s p a p y r i .
I NCENS EA NDOCCULT I S M 1 2 3
i nfl u e nc e o fs c e nt u p o nt h e e mo t i o ns
i s w e l l
kno w na nd t h e Eg y p t i a ns fa v o u r e d t h e u s e o f
a mb r a a nd mu s ka s d e fi ni t e l y a p h r o d i s i a c a l p e r -
fu me s . T o -d a y p u r e e s s e nc e o fp a t c h o u l i i s
u s e d i nt h e Or i e nt t o s e r v e t h e s a me e nd ,a nd
a ny b o d y w h o h a s e v e r s me l t a v i a l o ft h e p u r e
o i l w i l l r e c o g ni z e t h e i ns t a nt d i s t u r b a nc e o fc e r -
t a i nne r v e c e nt r e s t h a t i t p r o d u c e s .
T h e
c l u e t o t h e s e c r e t o ft h e a nc i e nt i nc e ns e
l i e s no t i nw h a t w e h a v e b e e na b l e t o r e c o v e r
fr o mt h e p a p y r i ,b u t i nt h e w o r d i t s e l f .K y p h i
i s r e c o g ni z a b l e t o -d a y i n"ke e f,"t h e p o p u l a r
na me fo r t h e s mo ka b l e v a r i e t y o ft h e h e r b c a n-
na b i s i nd i c a .
Ca nna b i s i nd i c a i s no ne o t h e r t h a no u r o l d
fr i e nd h a s h i s h ,t h e h a s e e s h o ft h e w r i t e r s o f
t h e t i me o ft h e Cr u s a d e s ,w h o g a v e u s t h o s e d e -
s c r i p t i o ns o ft h e Ol d M a no ft h e M o u nt a i ns
a nd h i s Ha s c h -h a s s i ns .Fr o mt h e mw e g e t o u r
c o mmo np l a c e w o r d -a s s a s s i n
.
I t i s no t ,a ft e r a l l ,a fa r c r y fr o mt h e my s -
t e r i e s o fOs i r i s i nEg y p t t o t h e T h a mmu r o r
Du mv u r i -a b s u o fS y r i a a nd B a b y l o n
.
"T h a mmu r c a me
ne x t b e h i nd
Wh o s e a nnu a l w o u nd i n Le b a no na l l u r e d
1 2 4

A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
T h e S y r i a nd a ms e l s t o l a me nt h i s fa t e
I n
a mo r o u s d i t t i e s a l l a s u mme r ' s d a y ,"
s a y s M i l t o n .
Os i r i s a nd T h a mmu s "d i e d "a nnu a l l y ,a nd
mi mi c r y o ft h e s y mb o l i c e v e nt w a s t h e b a s i s o f
a l l r i t u a l .I nt h e my s t e r i e s t h e i ni t i a t e s "d i e d ,"
t o o ,b u t t h e d e a t h w a s no me r e fo r mu l a ,b u t a n
a c t u a l l y i nd u c e d s t a t e o fs t u p o r o fd e e p -t r a nc e
b r o u g h t a b o u t b y t h e fu me s o ft h e "ke e f
."
T h e s e s e c r e t s l i ng e r e d l o ng i nLe b a no n,w h e r e
t o t h i s d a y t h e Cr y p t o -c h r i s t i a ni t y o ft h e Dr u s e s
ma y b e i d e nt i fi e d w i t h ma ny o ft h e a c t u a l p r a c -
t i c e s o fma g i c .
T h e ma s t e r o ft h e A s s a s s i ns w a s a ma s t e r
h y p no t i s t ,u s i ng t h e d a r kkno w l e d g e o fc e r t a i n
p a r t s o ft h e me c h a ni c a l r i t u a l o fma g i c t o g a i n
h i s ma s t e r y o v e r t h e M o s l e my o u t h s h e s e nt a s
fa na t i c s t o d o h i s b i d d i ng .
T h e r e i nt h e Le b a no nh e c r e a t e d h i s a r t i fi c i a l
p a r a d i s e o fs e ns u o u s d e l i g h t ,d r u g g e d d r e a ms
a nd s l u mb e r . Hi s c o mma nd s l a i d u p o nh i s
s l a v e s w e r e no o r d i na r y c o mma nd s -b u t s p e l l s
a s b l a c ka s a ny w e a v e d b y s o r c e r y .
T h e ma s t e r l o d g e o ft h i s c u l t o ft h e A s s a s s i ns
w a s
-
a t Ca i r o a nd t h e my s t e r i e s w e r e o nl y t r a ns -
I NCENS EA NDOCCULT I S M 1 2 5
fe r r e d t o ,t h e i r ne w s e t t i ng i n t h e Le b a no nb y
Ha s s a ni b nS a b b a h a t t h e e nd o ft h e e l e v e nt h
c e nt u r y .Ou t w a r d l y M o s l e m,' t h e i nne r my s t e r -
i e s h a d no c o nne c t i o nw i t h e i t h e r M o h a mme d a n
o r a ny o t h e r r e l i g i o n,a nd i nd e e d t h e c u l t s e e ms
t o b e i nma ny w a y s a ki nd o fb a s t a r d M a s o ni c
o r g a ni z a t i o n .
No mi na l l y a M o s l e ms e c t o fI s ma i l i t e s ,t h e o r -
g a ni z a t i o nw a s u nd e r a c o mma nd e r ,t h e S h e i k-
a l -T e b e l ,o r Ch i e fo ft h e M o u nt a i ns ,w h o w a s
s e r v e d b y mi no r c h i e fs o r p r i o r s -t h e t h r e e Da i -
a l -ki r b a l . Fo l l o w i ng t h e s e c a me t h e Da i s o r
a d e p t s ,a nd b e l o w t h e mt h r e e mi no r g r a d e s ,
Re fi g o s ,Fe d a i s , a nd La s i g o s .*
T h e .Fe d a i s o r "e nt e r e d a p p r e nt i c e "g r a d e
fu r ni s h e d t h e r a nka nd fi l e o ft h e fa na t i c a l e x -
e c u t a nt s o ft h e p a r a mo u nt w i l l ,a nd t h e s e
Fe d a i s ,w h o w e r e c u s t o ma r i l y me nt a l l y a nd
p h y s i c a l l y p a t h i c ,ne v e r r o s e a b o v e t h i s s t e p i n
t h e my s t e r i e s .
T h e S o c i e t y o ft h e A s s a s s i ns w a s no mi na l l y
s u p p r e s s e d b y Ha l a g a ,t h e M o g u l i nv a d e r o f
t h e mi d d l e o ft h e t h i r t e e nt h c e nt u r y ,b u t t h e
* S e e G e a c h i c h t e d e r A s a e s i ne n . B y T .v o nHa mme r
. B u r g
s t a l l ,
a nG r a nd M a i t r e d e s A s s a s s i ns a u T e mp s d u S a i a d i n
.
A l s o A r e
Q u a t u o Co r o na t i , v o l .
1 2 6

A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
kno w l e d g e ,t h e s e c r e t s ,a nd t h e t r a d i t i o ns e n-
d u r e d a nd s t i l l e nd u r e t o t h i s d a y .
T h e o r g a ni z a t i o nw a s u nd o u b t e d l y a ne v i l
o ne ; i t a l s o h a d no t h i ng t o d o w i t h M a s o nr y ,
b u t i t i s a ni nt e r e s t i ng e x a mp l e o fa no c c u l t
s o c i e t y w h o s e p o w e r s a ffe c t e d t h e c o u r s e o f
h i s t o r y ,a nd me t h o d s o fw o r ki ng w e r e e s s e n-
t i a l l y b a s e d u p o nme c h a ni c a l r a t h e r t h a n
s p i r i t u a l me t h o d s o fp r o d u c i ng a c e r t a i ns t a t e
o fmi nd .
T h e e ffe c t o fh a s h i s h i s a v e r y d i ffi c u l t t h i ng
t o d e fi ne .Es s e nt i a l l y a h y p no t i c -a na nni h i l a -
t o r o ft i me a nd s p a c e a nd a s t i mu l a nt o fh a l l u -
c i na t i o ns -i t i s a l s o a d r u g l a r g e l y d e p e nd e nt
o nt h e i d i o s y nc r a c y o ft h e i nd i v i d u a l . - T h e s a me
d o e s no t ne c e s s a r i l y p r o d u c e e q u i v a l e nt r e s u l t s
i ni nd i v i d u a l s o fd i ffe r i ng t e mp e r a me nt ,a nd fo r
a l l p r a c t i c a l p u r p o s e s t h e p s y c h i c v a l u e o ft h e
d o s e v a r i e s i nv e r s e l y w i t h t h e s t a nd a r d o fi n-
t e l l i g e nc e o ft h e r e c i p i e nt .A l s o ,w h e nd e a l i ng
w i t h s u b j e c t s o fd u a l o r mu l t i p l e p e r s o na l i t y ,
i t t e nd s t o l i b e r a t e t h e mo r e v i o l e nt a nd u n-
c o nt r o l l e d o ft h e i nd i v i d u a l i t i e s .
Ha s h i s h i s a b s o r b e d r a p i d l y .Ca s e s h a v e b e e n
kno w nw h e r e a l i t t l e o ft h e e x t r a c t u s e d a s a n
I NCENS EA NDOCCULT I S M 1 2 7
a no d y ne i nc o r np l a s t e r s h a s b e e na b s o r b e d a nd
p r o d u c e d h a l l u c i na t o r y s t a t e .A s a -s mo ke ,
v e i l e d b y i nc e ns e o r mi x e d w i t h t o b a c c o ,r a p i d
i nt o x i c a t i o n
' r e s u l t s fr o mi t s i nh a l a t i o n .T h i s
w a s o ne o ft h e ,ke y s -p e r h a p s t h e g r e a t e s t o f
t h e ke y s -t o t h e s t o r e h o u s e o ft h o s e t r e a s u r e s
o ft h e mi nd w h i c h a r e t h e t i me El i x i r ,t h e T r u e
G o l d o ft h e M a g i .
I na c t u a l p r a c t i c e t h e r e i s a p r e l i mi na r y s t a t e
o fs u g g e s t i b i l i t y u nd e r t h e i nfl u e nc e o fh a s h i s h
w h e nt h e o p e r a t o r c a ne x e r c i s e h i s w i l l u p o n
t h a t o ft h e s u b j e c t .T h i s s t a g e i s s o o np a s s e d
o v e r a nd i nt h e l a t e r d r e a ms t a t e s s u g g e s t i o ni s
i no p e r a t i v e .
T h e mo d e r np h a r ma c i s t h a s l o s t t h e s e c r e t o f
t h e h e r b w h o s e t h e r a p e u t i c fu nc t i o ni s t o c o n-
t r o l t h e ,a c t i o no ft h e c a nna b i s i nd i c a ,s o t h a t
t h e s u b j e c t r e ma i ne d i nt h e s u g g e s t i b l e s t a t e
a nd d i d no t p a s s o nt o t h e l a t e r s t a g e s o fh a l l u -
c i na t o r y v i s i o ns
.
We ma y t a ke i t t h a t s o fa r a s t h e o l d w o r l d
i s c o nc e r ne d ,t h e h a l fo ft h e s e c r e t h a s b e e n
r e c o v e r e d ,b u t t h e b a l a nc i ng o r d e t e r r e nt h e r b
i s s t i l l u nr e c o g ni z e d b y t h e p h a r ma c o p o e i a a nd
kno w no nl y t o a s p e c i a l i s t fe w a mo ng e x p e r i -
1 2 8

A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
me nt a l o c c u l t i s t s .J u s t a s h a s h i s h i t s e l fi s mi s s .
i ng fr o mt h e r e c i p i e nt ,t h e Eb e r s p a p y r i ,
s o i s
t h e b a l a nc i ng c o e ffi c i e nt .`
Ont h e o t h e r h a nd ,t h e s a me s e c r e t o fp r i e s t -
c r a ft i s kno w no nt h e o t h e r s i d e o ft h e A t l a nt i c .
We ma y o r ma y no t b e l i e v e i nt h e my t h o fl o s t
A t l a nt i s a nd t h e t r a ns mi t t e d r i t u a l ,b u t b o t h t h e
Z a q u i s o fS o no r a a nd t h e T a ma c h e e ks o fG u a -
t e ma l a p o s s e s s a r i t u a l o b s e r v a nc e i nw h i c h
c a nna b i s A me r i c a na ,a ne w c o u s i no f t h e c a n-
na b i s i nd i c a ,i s t h e s t i mu l a nt a g e nt .
' Ot h e r t r i b e s u s e a b r e w o ft h e me s c a l b e a n,
b u t t h i s a p u r e l y A me r i c a ns p e c i e s a nd t h e a c -
t i v e p r i nc i p l e a nh a l o ni u m,fd o e s no t a c t o np r e -
c i s e l y t h e s a me ne r v e c e nt r e s a s t h e c a nna b i n-
o t e p r i nc i p l e o ft h e h e mp s .
I nb o t h c a s e s t h e i nd u c t i o no fa s p e c i e s o f
i nt o x i c a t i o n b y me a ns o ft h e s a c r e d h e r b s g a t h -
e r e d i nc e r t a i n l u na r o r a s t r o l o g i c a l a s p e c t s i s
h e l d b y t h e na t i v e s t o b e t h e b a s i s o ft h e c o m-
mu ni o n w i t h t h e s p i r i t s o ft h e d e p a r t e d d e a d .
T h e S p i r i t u a l i s t b e l i e v e s t h a t t h e r e a r e s p i r i t s
o ft h e d e a d ,t h e p h y s i o l o g i s t c l a i ms t h a t t h e
* T h e p u b l i c i nt e r e s t w o u l d no t b e s e r v e d b y t h e r e v e l a t i o n
o ft h e s e c o nd mi s s i ng i ng r e d i e nt ,b u t i t
i s
no w kno w n .
t S e e mo no g r a p h o n M e s c a l b y Ha v e l o c kEl l i s .
I NCENS EA NDOCCULT I S M 1 2 9
s p i r i t s a r e h a l l u c i na t o r y o r t h a t t h e y a r e
me r e l y r e fl e x a s fr o mt h e s u b c o ns c i o -d s mi nd o f
t h e i nd i v i d u a l o r o fo t h e r i nd i v i d u a l s .T h i s
t w i ne x p l a na t i o nr u ns t h r o u g h a l l p s y c h i c p h e -
no me na ,b u t no t u nt i l a l l p h e no me na kno w nt o
b e p r o d u c e d b y S p i r i t u a l i s t c i r c l e s c a nb e p r o -
d u p e d u nd e r h y no p s i s w i l l t h e S p i r i t u a l i s t
t h e o r y b e fi na l l y d i s p r o v e d
T h e r a nka nd fi l e o fS p i r i t u a l i s t s a r e u na w a r e
t h a t t h e s c i e nt i fi c w o r l d h a s a d e mo ns t r a b l e
a ns w e r t o ni ne -t e nt h s o ft h e w o nd e r t h a t t h e
b e l i e v i ng S p i r i t u a l i s t i s c o nv i nc e d c a n o nl y
o c c u r b y me a ns o fd i s c a r na t e s p i r i t i nt e l l i -
g e nc e s .B u t t h e h o ne s t i nv e s t i g a t o r s h o u l d
b e a r i nmi nd t h a t o nl y c e r t a i nr a r e p h e no me na
r e ma i nu nc h a l l e ng e d a nd a r e a t p r e s e nt u na t -
t a i na b l e b y p r a c t i s i ng p s y c h o l o g i s t s .
Wh e nt h e p h e no me na o fma t e r i a l i z a t i o n-t h e
e x t e r na l i z a t i o no ffo r c e -a r e p r o d u c i b l e b y h y p -
no t i s t s ,t h e nt h e w h o l e s p i r i t h y p o t h e s i s i s i m-
p e r i l l e d ,fo r t h e s c i e nt i s t s w i l l b e a b l e t o p r o -
d u c e t h e s e e ffe c t s no t b y s p i r i t i nt e r v e nt i o nb u t
a t t h e b e h e s t o fh u ma nw i l l .
S t i l l ,fo r t h e mo me nt ,t h e u nc r i t i c a l w h i t e ,
l i ke t h e b a r b a r o u s I nd i a n,i s j u s t i fi e d i nh i s b e -
1 1
1 30

A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
l i e fi ne x t e r na l s p i r i t a g e nc y a s t h e o nl y e x -
p l a na t i o nfo r t h e a p p a r e nt l y mi r a c u l o u s .
A fr i e nd o fmi ne w h o h a d b e e na me mb e r o f
a ne x p l o r i ng e x p e d i t i o nw h o s e mi s s i o n w a s t o .
t r a c e a t r i b u t a r y o ft h e r i v e r Us ma c i nt a i n
Ch i a p a s o nt h e M e x i c o -G u a t e ma l a b o r d e r t o i t s
s o u r c e i nt h e v o l c a ni c c o u nt r y r o u nd t h e u n-
kno w nLa g o d e P e t e n,ma d e a c a r e fu l s t u d y o f
t h e r i t u a l o ft h e T a ma c h a c ks . .
T h e s e p e o p l e s t i l l c a r r y o u t a p r e -Co l u mb i a n
r e l i g i o nw h i c h a nt e d a t e s t h a t o ft h e A z t e c a nd
T o l t e c c i v i l i z a t i o ns b o t h o fM e x i c o a nd t h e
Yu c a t a np e ni ns u l a .
Es s e nt i a l l y s y mb o l i c i nt h a t i t t a ke s i nt o a c -
c o u nt p r i mi t i v e na t u r e a nd a nc e s t o r w o r s h i p ,
t h e b a s i s o ft h e c u l t i s t h e e v o c a t i o no ft h e
s p i r i t s o ft h e d e p a r t e d d e a d fo r t r i b a l a nd p e r -
s o na l c o u ns e l a nd c o ns u l t a t i o n
.T h e me a ns e m-
p l o y e d i nt h e p r o d u c t i o no ft h e p s y c h i c s t a t e i s
t h e s mo ke o ft h e c a nna b i s a me r i c a na .T h e na -
t i v e na me o ft h i s h e r b i s ma r i h u a na .
T h e fo l l o w i ng
i s my fr i e nd ' s d e s c r i p t i o no f
o ne o ft h e a c t u a l na t i v e c e r e mo ni e s a t w h i c h h e
w a s p r e s e nt :
"We w e r e u p i nt h e I nt a ma l c o u nt r y a b o u t
,
I NCENS EA NDOCCULT I S M
1 31
fo u r d a y s '
h a r d r i v e r t r a v e l l i ng b e y o nd t h e S a n
Cr i s t o b a l fr o nt i e r
.Li t t l e b y l i t t l e ,t h e i s o l a t e d .
p l a nt a t i o ns d i s a p p e a r e d ,a nd s o o nw e w e r e d e e p
i nt h e u nt o u c h e d j u ng l e c o u nt r y w h e r e t h e r e
a r e o nl y na t i v e v i l l a g e s
.
"T h a t d a y I w a s w i t h t h e a d v a nc e p a r t y ,a nd -
a s w e w e r e ma ki ng a fa i r l y c o mp l e t e c a d a s t r a l
s u r v e y o fo u r r o u t e ,w e d e v i a t e d s l i g h t l y t o w a r d
a l a r g i s h j u ng l e -c o v e r e d h i l l t h a t w o u l d fu r ni s h
u s w i t h a ne x c e l l e nt c o mma nd i ng p o s i t i o nfo r
t r i a ng u l a t i o n .
` M y na t i v e
.p e o ns w e r e c a r r y i ng o u r l i t t l e '
t r a ns i t t h e o d o l i t e a nd w e w e r e fo l l o w i ng a na -
t i v e t r a c kt h a t l e d t o w a r d t h e h i l l w h e n o u r
p a r t y w a s s u d d e nl y s u r r o u nd e d .
"A w h i s t l e b l e w i nt h e j u ng l e a nd o u t fr o m
t h e b u s h c a me s e mi - ! = d e I nd i a ns v a r i o u s l y
a r me d .A fe w h a d t r a d e g u ns ,b u t t h e b u l k
c a r r i e d t h e i ne v i t a b l e ma c h e t e ,w h i l e a mi no r i t y
h a d s h o r t b o w s a nd l o ng q u i v e r s o fo b s i d i a n-
h e a d e d a r r o w s .
"T h e y o ffe r e d u s no o v e r t v i o l e nc e ,b u t ma d e
i t a b u nd a nt l y c l e a r t h a t t h e y r e s e nt e d a ny p a r t y
a t t e mp t i ng t o s c a l e t h e i r h i l l .M o s t o ft h e d i a -
l o g u e w a s i nt h e na t i v e t o ng u e ,a d e b a s e d a g -
1 32

A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
g l u t i na t i v e i nfl e c t i v e s p e e c h s i mi l a r t o Na nh a t L
T h e l e a d e r ,w h o w o r e a p e c u l i a r b r e a s t p l a t e o f
fe a t h e r w o r k,c o u l d ,h o w e v e r ,t a l kS p a ni s h c o m-
p a r a t i v e l y fl u e nt l y .
"M y g r e a t e s t t r o u b l e w a s t o i nd u c e h i m t o
u nd e r s t a nd t h a t w e ' w e r e no t a p r o s p e c t i ng
p a r t y a nd w e r e no t a ft e r g o l d .T a l kw i t h o u r
me nw h o h a d b e e nw i t h u s s o me mo nt h s fi na l l y
r e a s s u r e d h i m.
-4
c h a nc e c o mp l i me nt o fmi ne
a b o u t h i s fe a t h e r b r e a s t p l a t e ,w h i c h w a s o f
q u e t z a l fe a t h e r s , o p e ne d t h e ma g i c d o o r t o z e .
` I I t w a s a s t o ni s h i ng t o t h a t I nd i a n,
w h o h a d
p r o b a b l y no t s e e na h u nd r e d w h i t e me n,a s d i s -
t i nc t fr o mM e x i c a ns ,i na l l h i s l i fe ,t o fi nd i n me
a ma nw h o kne w mo r e a b o u t t h e my t h o l o g i c a l
i mp o r t a nc e o f t h e -q u e t z a l b i r d t h a nh e kne w
h i ms e l f .
M y w o r ko nt h e r a i ne d c i t i e s o fYu c a t a n
s a nd my s t u d i e s o ft h e M i t t a l l c o d i c e s a nd s i mi -
l a r . w o r k)i a d g i v e n me a s o u nd kno w l e d g e o f
t h e w o r s h i p o fQ u e t z a l c o a t l t h e g o d o ft h e
M o r ni ng S t a r ,t o w h o mt h e w o nd e r fu l e me r a l d -
p l u ma g e d q u e t z a l b i r d i s s a c r e d
.
"T o c u t a l o ng s t o r y s h o r t ,I a r r a ng e d t h i ng s
w i t h t h e h e a d -ma ns o t h a t w e c o u l d c a mp i nh i s
I NCENS EA NDOCCULT I S M 1 83
v i l l a g e t h a t ni g h t .
T h e p e o p l e w e r e ki nd l y ,
o nc e t h e y u nd e r s t o o d t h a t w e w e r e
no t g o l d
h u nt e r s a nd me a nt no h a r m,a nd my fr i e nd t h e
h e a d -ma n,h a v i ng i nt r o d u c e d me t o c e r t a i n
e l d e r s a nd d i s c u s s e d w i t h t h e mmy kno w l e d g e
o ft h e i r a l mo s t e x t i nc t fa i t h ,i nv i t e d me t o b e
p r e s e nt a s a p a r t i c i p a nt i na r e l i g i o u s fe a s t t o
b e h e l d t h a t ni g h t
.
T h e fe a s t w a s t h a t
o f t h e Co z c a c u a p t l i
t h e fe a s t o fv u l t u r e s ,b i r d s a s i mp o r t a nt i nt h e
M a y a nu nd e r w o r l d
a s i nt h e Eg y p t i a nc e r e -
mo ni e s .
I ' S h o r t l y a ft e r d u s kI l e ft t h e v i l l a g e w i t h
t h e m,g o i ng a l o ne a nd t o a l l e x t e r na l s e e mi ng
u na r me d
.We ma d e a l o ng j o u r ne y t h r o u g h t h e
b u s h ,c l i mb i ng h i g h e r a l l t h e t i me ,a nd I r e a l -
i z e d t h a t w e w e r e a c t u a l l y o nt h e s a c r e d h i l l t h a t
t h e y h a d fo r b i d d e nu s t o a s c e nd
.
"He r e a nd t h e r e a l o ng t h e r o u t e w e w e r e
s t o p p e d b y s e nt r i e s o r g u a r d s ,b u t a t l a s t g a i ne d
t h e t o p o ft h e h i l l
.He r e ,e nc i r c l e d b y t r e e s ,
w a s a fl a t t a b l e t o p o r p l a t e a u a fe w a c r e s i n
e x t e nt .
"Ri s i ng o nt h e p l a t e a u w a s a s e r i e s o ft h r e e
s q u a r e t e r r a c e s c u l
mi n
a t i ng i na s ma l l r u i ne d
1 34

A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
b u i l d i ng ,r o o fl e s s y e t s o u nd a s t o i t s w a l l s .T h e
l o w e s t p l a t e a u w a s p a c ke d
w i t h I nd i a ns ; o n
t h e s e c o nd w e r e c o ng r e g a t e d t h e e l e c t -t h e
t r i b a l s e ni o r s a nd t h e p r i e s t s .A b o v e t h e ma
fi g u r e o r t w o mo v e d i n t h e b u i l d i ng .
"M y fr i e nd s t o o ks o me t i me e x p l a i ni ng
my
p r e s e nc e ,a nd i t _ w a s o b v i o u s t h a t I w a s r e -
g a r d e d w i t h d a r kd i s fa v o u r b y t h e ma s s o ft h e
na t i v e s . S o o ni t d a w ne d o nme t h a t I w a s
u nd e r g u a r d ,a nu no b t r u s i v e g u a r d ,b u t ne v e r -
t h e l e s s u nd e r g u a r d
. • A t l a s t I w a s t a ke nt o t h e
h i g h p r i e s t o ft h e c e r e mo ni a l .
"He w a s a w o nd e r fu l o l d I nd i a nw h o s p o ke
t h e a c c e nt e d La t i nS p a ni s h o ffo r g o t t e ng e n-
e r a t i o ns
.He e x a mi ne d me ,a nd t h o u g h I c o u l d
no t r e p l y t o c e r t a i nmy s t e r i o u s r i t u a l i s t i c q u e s -
t i o ns t h a t h e p u t , t o me ,h e w a s a t l e ng t h s a t i s -
fi e d t h a t I h a d a ne ffi c i e nt w o r ki ng kno w l e d g e
no t o nl y o fh i s r i t u a l b u t o fi t s u nd e r l y i ng a s t r o -
no mi c a l a nd p h i l o s o p h i c a l s i g ni fi c a nc e
.Ev e n-
t u a l l y h e w a s s a t i s fi e d ,a nd o na w o r d fr o mh i m
I w a s t a ke ni nh a nd b y t w o na t i v e y o u t h s w h o
b o u nd a fi l l e t o fr e d -d y e d w o o l w o r ke d w i t h
fe a t h e r d e v i c e s r o u nd
my
b r o w a nd g a v e me a
p e e l e d r o d s u r mo u nt e d b y a v u l t u r e ' s s ku l l t o
I NCENS EA NDOCCULT I S M
1 35
h o l d a s a w a nd o fo ffi c e
.Ov e r my c l o t h e s w a s
p u t a l o o s e d a r kb r o w nc o t t o nr o b e s e w nw i t h
c h a r ms a nd t r i mme d a t e a c h s h o u l d e r w i t h
t u ft s o fs o mb r e p l u ma g e
.
"T h u s d r e s s e d I t o o kmy p l a c e a mo ng t h e
e l d e r s .Fo r a
w h i l e no t h i ng h a p p e ne d ,t h e n
s l o w l y t h e no i s e o ft h e c r o w d d i e d d o w na nd
e x p e c t a nc y g a v e p l a c e t o c l a mo u r
.Fr o ms o me -
w h e r e i nt h e fo r e s t c a me t h e s u d d e nr h y t h mo f
na t i v e d r u ms s e e mi ng l y c a s u a l ,i no p p o r t u ne ,
a nd me a ni ng l e s s l y c a d e nc e d .
"Li t t l e b y l i t t l e t h e mo no t o ny o ft h e d r u m
t h r o b b i ng b e c a me mo r e i ns i s t e nt ,mo r e d e fi -
ni t e l y r h y t h mi c a l . A b r a z i e r -i nt h e t e mp l e
b u i l d i ng b e g a nt o g l o w r e d ,a nd fa r b e l o w i n
t h e v a l l e y mi s t s w e c o u l d s e e a g r o u p o ffl a r i ng
t o r c h e s d a nc i ng l i ke fi r e fl i e s a s t h e i r b e a r e r s
s c a l e d t h e d i ffi c u l t t r a i l .
"S u d d e nl y t h e v o i c e o ft h e c h i e fp r i e s t r o s e
i n
a h i g h -p i t c h e d w a i l i ng c a l l ,a nd a s h e h a i l e d ,
a ne w a nd b r i l l i a nt s t a r s e e me d t o s p r i ng i nt o
b e i ng o v e r t h e d a r kc r e s t o fa ne a r b y h i l l
.
"T h e a s s e mb l a g e b o w e d t o t h e s t a r a nd
b r o ke i nt o a w a i l i ng I nd i a nc h a nt t h a t ke p t t i me
t o t h e b e a t i ng o ft h e h i d d e nt h r o b b i ng d r u ms .
1 36
A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
A ft e r t h e p r a y e r c a me t h e d a nc e
.T o t h e
c e nt r e o ft h e s e c o nd t e r r a c e b e a r e r s c a r r i e d
w h a t l o o ke d l i ke a b u nd l e o fb l a nke t s
; t h e n
nu d e b u t fo r fe a t h e r a d o r nme nt s ,t h e y o u ng
i ni t i a t e s c a me fo r w a r d i np r o c e s s i o na l d a nc e
.
Ev e r y t e nt h ma nh e l d
a t o r c h ,a nd t h e d a nc e r s
c a r r i e d o u t a l o ng
b a l l e t s y mb o l i c a l o ft h e b u r i a l
o r c o ns u mp t i o no f _ t h e mo r t a l b o d y o ft h e
v u l t u r e s .
"T h e y h o p p e d g r o t e s q u e l y l i ke t h e i l l -o me ne d
z o p i l o t e s o r s c a v e ng e r v u l t u r e s t h e y i ni t i a t e d .
A q u e r u l o u s
. c l u c ki ng a c c o mp a ni me nt w a s u t -
t e r e d b y t h e c h o r u s o fs p e c t a t o r s a nd t h e fi l e s
o fb r o nz e b o d i e s a d v a nc e d a nd r e t r e a t e d ,
s w a y e d a nd c i r c l e d i ns l o w -h o p p i ng p r o c e s s i o ns
a r o u nd t h e b l a nke t e d h e a p u p o nt h e g r o u nd
t h a t r e p r e s e nt e d t h e b o d y .
"S u d d e nl y t h e d r a mr h y t h mc h a ng e d a nd a
c u r i o u s w h i s t l i ng p i p e mu s i c w a s h e a r d
.T h e
h e a p o fb l a nke t s s t i r r e d a nd r a t t l e d ,fr o mt h e
h e a p a na r mfl u ng o u t w h i t e b o ne s ,a s ku l l r o l l e d
t o t h e fe e t o ft h e s p e c t a t o r s ,t h e nt h e b l a nke t s
w e r e fl u ng a s i d e a nd a nI nd i a ny o u t h ,c o m-
p l e t e l y nu d e ,b u t p a i nt e d w h i t e a nd ma r ke d w i t h
r i t u a l s i g ns ,l e a p t fr o mt h e p i l e
.
~T CENS EA NDOCCULT I S M 1 37
""Ri s i ng \ t o h i s fu l l h e i g h t h e ,d o nne d a t o w e r -
i ng fe a t h e r h e a d d r e s s o f
h u mmi ng
b i r d a nd
q u e t z a l fe a t h e r s w h i c h g l e a me d l i ke a my r i a d
j e w e l s i nt h e t o r c h l i g h t .
"T h r e e t i me s t h e s p e c t a t o r s c l a i me d h i ma s
t h e r i s e n' G o d ,t h e nt h e d r u ms b r o ke o u t i nt o a
v i o l e nt t r i u mp h a nt d a nc e i na ni nfe c t i o u s me a s -
u r e i n w h i c h b o t h d a nc e r s a nd s p e c t a t o r s
j o i ne d .
"I nt h e me a nt i me a c l o t h o r c a nv a s h o u s i ng ,
h a d b e e nd r a w no v e r t h e r o o fl e s s t e mp l e b y
mi no r p r i e s t s .T h e b r a z i e r w a s c a r r i e d i ns i d e ,
a nd s u d d e nl y t h e B o y G o d ,l e a v i ng t h e d a nc e r s ,
a s c e nd e d t h e s t e p s a nd e nt e r e d t h e p r e p a r e d
p a v i l i o n.
"A s s u d d e nl y t h e d r u ms fe l l s i l e nt a nd t h e
s h r i l l p i p e s a l o ne ke p t u p t h e e e r i e t u ne .
"M y fr i e nd t o u c h e d me o nt h e s h o u l d e r ,t h e
s e a t e d e l d e r s r o s e ,a nd ,fo l l o w i ng t h e h i g h
p r i e s t ,w e ma d e o u r w a y i nt o t h e s a nc t u a r y .
"Ra ng i ng o u r s e l v e s a l o ng t h e w a l l s w e s a t
d o w ni na no p e ns q u a r e .I nt h e c e nt r e w a s t h e
y o u t h s t r e t c h e d o na s ki n-c o v e r e d na t i v e b e d -
s t e a d ,a t i t s h e a d t h e b r a z i e r .
` I S w i ft l y t h e d o o r w a s s e a l e d w i t h s ki nma t s ;
I
1 38

A M ODERNOCCULT I S
t h e nt o t h e a c c o mp a ni me nt o fa m4t e r e d ,,j i t u a l
a nd mu c h r a i s i ng a nd l o w e r i ng l o fs ku l l -t i p p e d
w a nd s ,t h e p r i e s t c a s t h e r b s i nt o t h e b r a z i e r
.
T h e h e a v y s mo ke w r e a t h e d a b o u t i nt h e c l o s e
r o o ma nd a s e ns e o fl a ng u o r fe l l u p o n me .
"Ri g h t a nd l e ft I c o u l d h e a r t h e e l d e r s i nh a l -
i ng t h e v a p o u r ,t h e no ne a ft e r a no t h e r t h e y s u c -
c u mb e d t o i t s i nfl u e nc e .T h e nc a me a ni nv o c a -
t i o nt o t h e s p i r i t s ,a nd t h e o l d me nb e g a nt o
t a l kt o s p i r i t s t h a t t h e y a l o ne c o u l d s e e a mo ng
t h e ' h a z y ,d r u g -l a d e ns mo ke o ft h e l o d g e .
"A s i fi ns p i r e d ,t h e b o y u t t e r e d o r a c u l a r w i s -
d o m,no w a ns w e r i ng q u e s t i o ns p u t t o h i m,no w
d e c l a i mi ng ' w h a t h e h a d h e a r d t h e s p i r i t s s a y .
S l o w l y t h e d r u g g a i ne d i ni t s e ffe c t o v e r me .
T h e p a i nt e d l e a t h e r s c r e e ns o nt h e r u d e w a l l s
b e c a me i ns t i nc t w i t h l i fe ,t h e c r u d e s t o ne c a r v -
i ng s e e me d a l i v e a nd w r i t h i ng ,a nd a l l t h e a i r
s e e me d c h a r g e d w i t h fl a s h i ng p r o c e s s i o ns o f
c o l o u r s a nd s o no r o u s mu s i c .
I I mu s t h a v e b e e n , o v e r c o me b y t h e fu me s ,
fo r I r e me mb e r no t h i ng mo r e t i l l I c a me t o i n
t h e d a w n-l i g h t i no ne o ft h e t e r r a c e s o u t s i d e t h e
b u i l d i ng . T h e y g a v e me a c a l a b a s h o fh e r b -
s c e nt e d g o a t ' s mi l kt o d r i nk,a nd i na mo me nt o r
I NCENS EA NDOCCULT I S M
1 39
t w o my b r a i nc l e a r e d . . . . I ma d e i t my i n-
t e r e s t t o g e t s o me o ft h e ma r i h u a na h e r b ,w h i c h
I s e nd y o u .
A p a l y s i s o ft h e ma r i h u a na r e v e a l e d t h a t i t
c o nt a i ne d a b o u t t w e nt y -fi v e p e r c e nt
.a d mi x t u r e
o fQ t h e r h e r b s i na d d i t i o nt o t h e ma i nb a s e o f
c a n .na b i s a me r i c a na .A g u mo r s a p e x u d a t i o n
o f a n a r o ma t i c na t u r e s e r v e d t o b i nd t h e ma s s
t o g e t h e r
.
A p e r s o na l e x p e r i me nt c a r r i e d o u t w i t h a
s ma l l p o r t i o no ft h e mi x t u r e p r o v e d t h a t i d e n-
t i c a l h a l l u c i na t o r y r e s u l t s c o u l d b e i nd u c e d b y
i t s u s e i na Lo nd o nr o o ma s w e l l a s o nt h e t o p
o fa G u a t e ma l a nT e s c a l l i .Ofa p a r t y o f fo u r ,
t h r e e s a w c o l o u r v i s i o ns ,t w o h e a r d mu s i c ,a nd
o ne d e s c r i b e d fi g u r e s
o f
M a z a nmy t h o l o g y w i t h
s o me e x a c t ne s s
.A s ,h o w e v e r ,w e a l l kno w t h e
o r i g i no ft h e i nc e ns e a nd i t s c o nne c t i o n,t h e s e
l a t t e r v i s i o ns ma y b e mo r e p r o p e r l y a s c r i b e d
t o s u g g e s t i o nt h a nh e l d t o h a v e o b j e c t i v e e x i s t -
e nc e a s s p i r i t p h e no me na
.
T h e r e i s r e a s o nt o b e l i e v e t h a t o t h e r p l a nt s ,
a nd p o s s i b l y s o me s y nt h e t i c p r o d u c t s ,h a v e t h e
s a me p e c u l i a r p r o p e r t i e s o ft h e l i b e r a t i o no f
t h e "p s y c h e ."I nt h e s a me w a y ,a l t h o u g h c o n-
1 40
A M ODERNOCCULT I S T
s u mp t i o na s a .d r a u g h t o r a s a ni nh a l e d s mo ke
v e i l e d b y i nc e ns e a r e t h e r i t u a l w a y s o fa c h i e v -
i ng a p h y s i o l o g i c a l r e s u l t ,t h e s a me mi g h t b e
a c h i e v e d b y s p r a y i ng a s o l u t i o ni nt o t h e a i r ,b y
a b s o r p t i o nt h r o u g h t h e s ki n( t h i s ma y h a v e
b e e n-t h e r a i s o n
d ' e t r e
o fs o me "w i t c h o i nt -
me nt s ' ' ),o r b y h y p o d e r mi c i nj e c t i o n .
Ne e d l e s s t o s a y ,
a ny
a t t e mp t t o e x p e r i me nt
i nt h e s e ma t t e r s i s e x t r e me l y u nw i s e a nd d a n-
g e r o u s .
BEASTAlqDtLEMENTALS
1 4 3
m a y f i n d s o m e ' g li m m e r i n g s o f s u p p o r tf o r a
n e w th e o r y w h e n w e r e a li z e th a ti n th e p a s t a n d
i n th e p r e s e n t i d o la tr y p r e va i ls
. _ _ _ Th e J
c li n e
s a va g e s a r e u s u a lly to te m i s ti c . An d th e y h e ld
th a tth e i d e n ti ty o f s o u lp e r s i s te d a f te r d e a th ,
n o ti n a n e w h u _ m a u . e x i s te n e e
bu t
a s a r e bi r th ,
To
a la r g e e x te n t, to te m i s ti c p a g a n i s m w a s
m i x e d u p w i th li c e n ti o u s a n d be s ti a lf e s ti va ls ,
u s e f u li n a s s u r i n g th e c o n ti n u a n c e a n d m u lti -
p li c a ti o n o f a s a va g e tr i be , bu te vo lvi n g p r a c -
ti c e s r e p u g n a n tto W e s te r n e th i c s .
Th e be a s ts th a tc o m e ba c k - a r e be a s tly . Th e
g h o s td o g th a ts c r a tc h e s a n d p a w s a n d le a p s
i n to i ts m i s tr e s s ' s la p i s a ve r y d i f f e r e n tth i n g
to th a tw h i c h i tp r e te n d s to be . W h e n w e r e a c h
th e f o u ln e s s o f th e g o a to r ba tm a n i f e s ta ti o n s
w e f e e lw i th n o s h a d o w o f d o u btth a tw e a r e
i n to u th e u n m a s k e d s p i r i ts o f e vi l. No t
o n ly vi s i ble f o r m , , bu tto u c h a n d s m e lla r e p r e s -
e n t. W e a r e br o u g h ti n to d i s ti n c tc o n ta c tw i th
th e s a r d o n i c m o c k i n g te r r o r th a tli e s o n th e
o th e r s i d e o f li f e .
Th e bo r d e r be tw e e n th e br u ta la n d blo o d -
lu s ti n g s a va g e a n d th e d e m o n , i s a s le n d e r o n e .
1 4 4

A
MODERNOCCULTIST
Th e c o n c e p ti o n o f a ' s i n g u la r ly e vi le a r th - bo u n d
n e g r o s p i r i tw h o h a s be li e ve d i n a n a f te r - li f e
i n w h i c h h i s s o u lw i lli n h a bi tth e bo d y o f
a n
a p e o r a le o p a r d , c o m e s ve r y c lo s e to
th e a c -
c e p te d i d e a o f a d e vi lo r - d e m o n ,
W e g e ts o x n e th b o f th e s a m e ba s i c c o n -
c e p ti o n
i n ` th e i d e a o f th ' ` - w o lf f s ' vm ~ p i r e , -
a n d th e r e i s
a
s i n g u la r r e i n f o r c e m e n to f th i s
th e o r y i n th a ti n th e Da r k Ag e s w h e n p a g a n i s m
w a s y i e ld i n g r e lu c ta n tly to th e i n r o a d s o f th e
Ch r i s ti a n f a i th , th e e a r ly f a th e r s e x p li c i tly
i d e n ti f i e d s u c h a n i m a lm a n i f e s ta ti o n s w i th th e
s o r c e r y o f p a g a n i s m . Th e f a n ta s ti c g a r g o y le s
th a to r n a m e n tc a th e d r a ls a r e s i m p ly tr a d i ti o n
a li z a ti o n s o f th a tp e r i o d w h e n th e s e be a s ti n -
c a r n a ti o n s i n a llth e i r d e vi li s h n e s s c o n te n d e d
a g a i n s tth e s p r e a d o f a p u r e r f a i th .
So m e ti m e s i tc h a n c e s th a tw e , i n th i s tw e n -
ti e th c e n tu r y ,
by
a c c i d e n to p e n a d o e r th r o u g h
w h i c h a te n th - c e n tu r y d e vi lc a n c r e e p i n . -
Oth e r o c c u lti s ts , n o ta bly th o s e o f th e V i e n -
n e s e s c h o o l, h o ld th a tth e be a s tm a n i f e s ta ti o n s
a r e n o tf o r m s o r s h a p e s a s s u m e d by e vi ls p i r i ts
th a th a ve be e n m o r ta l, bu t
a r e , a s i tw e r e , li vi n g
e vi lth o u g h t- f o r m s , -a n d a r e th e i n c a r n a ti o n o f
BEASTSANDEU MENALS 1 4 5
d e a d a n d e vi l- c u lts o n - w h i c h a g r e a td e a lo f
h u m a n th o u g h t- e n e r g y h a d be e n e x p e n d e d d u r -
i n g s o m e ti m e i n th e w o r ld ' s h i s to r y
.
P r o o f i s n o tp o s s i ble , a n d i ti s n o ty e tth e
ti m e to m a r s h a lth e f a c ts w h i c h w o u ld s e e m to
i n d i c a te th a ta d e a d c u ltu s c a n y e tli ve o n , s u p -
p o r te d , a s i tw e r e , by th e e m o ti o n a ls i n o f th e
p r e s e n t- d a y w o r ld , a lth o u g h th e s i n i s d i vo r c e d
f r o m i ts o ld r i tu a ls i g n i f i c a n c e
. Th i s th e o r y o f
th e c o n ti n u a ti o n o f th e s a c r i f i c i a lva lu e o f
s i n
i s o f c o u r s e o n e o f th e m o s ts e r i o u s a s p e c ts o f
th e a r to f s o r c e r y . P r o p i ti a ti o n a n d s y m bo li s m
a r e o f te n li n k e d u p i n a w a y th a tp e r p le x e s , th e
m o s ta g i le - w i tte d s tu d e n to f th e o c c u lt, a n d i t
m a y
,
w e ll
-
be th a tc e r ta i n s e e m i n g ly i n n o c e n t
r i tu a la c ts h a ve c o n tr i bu te d th e i r qu o ta to th e
m a i n te n a n c e o f li f e i n c e r ta i n f o r g o tte n c u lts - -
w h o s e e n ti ti e s c o m e s u d d e n ly i n to be i n g a g a i n
i n a m o s ta la r m i n g m a n n e r .
T` o th e o c c u lti s t+ w h o th i n k s th i s m a tte r o u t,
th e i d e n ti ty o f be a s tm a te r i a li z a ti o n s w i th i n -
c a r n a te p r o to ty p e s o f - s i n w i ll p r o ba bly be
m a n i f e s t.
As i ti s , th e e s s e n ti a lqu a li ty o f th e e vi lth a t
th e s e e n ti ti e s ty p i f y a n d a tte m p tto i n d u c e d o e s
1 4 6 -

AMODERNOCCULTIST.
n o tbe c o m e a p p a r e n tf r o m a c h a n c e u n s o u g h t
m a te r i a li z a ti o n , bu tth e m e d i u m w h o s e e s
" a n i m a ls " i s s u s p e c t.
Re p e a te d e vo c a ti o n s o f th e s e e n ti ti e s le a d to
d i s a s te r
. Th e be a s tbe c o m e s a n o bs e s s i o n a n d
i s to a lli n te n ts a n d p u r p o s e s th e o ld
" f a m i li a r "
o f th e d a y s o f w i tc h c r a f t.
F o r r e a s o n s w h i c h a r e h i n te d a ta bo ve , bu t
w h i c h c a n n o tbe m o r e f u lly e x p o u n d e d i n a
bo o k o f th i s n a tu r e , th e be a s tm a te r i a li z a ti o n i s
a p h e n o m e n o n w h i c h s h o u ld be a vo i d e d a ta ll
c o s ts
. If s u c h o c c u r s a ta s e a n c e , br e a k o f f th e
s i tti n g a to n c e . If th e s e p h e n o m e n a a p p e a r to
be c o n n e c te d w i th a n y p a r ti c u la r m e d i u m , th e r e
a r e th e g r a ve s tr e a s o n s f o r s e e k i n g a n o th e r
s e n s i ti ve . Abo ve a llth i n g s , a vo i d p e o p le w h o
c la i m th a tth e s p i r i ts o f p e ta n i m a ls h a ve c o m e
ba c k to th e m .
Th e c y n i c m a y c o n te n d th a ti ti s f o lly to be
a f r a i d o f th e s p i r i ts o f p o o r d u m b
a n i m a ls
a n d
y e ti n vi te c o m m u n i c a ti o n w i th th e m o r ta ld e a d . .
Th e o c c u lti s ta n d th e m y s ti c w h o k n o w s o m e -
th i n g o f th e m y s te r i e s w i ll, h o w e ve r , s e e th e
r e a s o n s . To - d a y , w h e n th o u s a n d s a r e i n te r -
e s te d i n p s y c h i c a lm a tte r s , k n o w le d g e h a s be e n
f o r g o tte n o r tr a p le d u n d e r f o o t. Th e
w e ll-
m e a n i n g , lo u d - vo i c e d bli n d le a d m y r i a d s to a
n e w h e a ve n , a c c la u n i n g h e llva n qu i s h e d be c a u s e
i n th e i r r a p tu r o u s e x u lta ti o n o ve r n e w d i s c o v-
e r i e s o f o ld th i n g s th e y h a ve f o r g o tte n th e a b-
s o lu te r u le o f ba la n c e . P o s i ti ve a n d Ne g a ti ve , ,
Go o d a n d Ba d , Str o n g a n d
W e a k , P lu s o r
Mi n u s .
Th e r e i s ba la n c e i n a ll th i n g s ,
a n d th i s Od -
d e n a c c la m a ti o n o f th e Un s e e n W o r ld a s a ll
g o o d , a lle a s y , a n d qu i te s a f e , i s p e r f e c t
r i d i c u lo u s .
Oc c u lti s m i s n o te i th e r g o o d , s a f e , n o r a m u s -
i n g f o r th e va s tm a jo r i ty o f p e o p le
. Sp i r i tu a l-
i s m a s g e n e r a lly p r a c ti s e d i s a k i n d o f be n e f i -
c e n tbo bbi n g i n to th e To m Ti d d le r ' s g r o u n d o f
th e Un s e e n . Th e r e i s a p le a s i n g c o n c e i tth a ti f
th e P o w e r s o f Evi ltu r n u p i tw i llbe e n o u g h to
u tte r a P r o te s ta n tp r a y e r a n d s a y th a tbe c a u s e
.
y o u a r e I ` g o o d " a bo g y c a n ' tto u c h y o u .
Th i s i s a r a th e r c h i ld i s h w a y o f tr e a ti n g th e
P o w e r s - i n p o i n to f f a c t, i td o e s n o tw o r k , i t
i s ve r y m u c h li k e s a y i n g th a tli g h tn i n g c a n n o t
s tr i k e y o u be c a u s e y o u h a ve r u bbe r h e e ls to
y o u r bo o ts .
1 4 8

AMODERNOCCULTIST
It
. i s a m e la n c h o ly r e f le c ti o n th a t th e ve r y
p e o p le w h o g o a bo u tr e a d i n g li ttle h a n d bo o k s
o n " K n o w le d g e i s P o w e r , " n e ve r r e a li z e th a t
i ti s th e r i g h tu s e o f k n o w le d g e th a tm e a n s
P o w e r a n d th a ts o m e ti m e s th e c o m i n g o f P o w e r
w i th o u tk n o w le d g e s p e lls , c a ta s tr o p h e f o r _ a ll
c o n c e r n e d .
Be s i d e s th e d a r f g e r o u s a n d p e r p le x i n g be a s t
m a n i f e s ta ti o n s , th e r e i s a th i r d c la s s o f p h e -
n o m e n o n w h i c h i s m a n i f e s tly n e i th e r h u m a n n o r
a n i m a l, ; bu tbe a r s a c lo s e r e la ti o n s h i p to
m e n ta lF o r c e s s u c h a s F i r e , Ai r , o r W a te r
.
Th e s e p h e n o m e n a a r e th e o n ly o n e s p r o p e r ly
d e s c r i be d a s d u e to e le m e n ta ls , bu ta c e r ta i n
c o n f u s i o n h a s a r i s e n th r o u g h th e u s e o f
th i s
w o r d a s a p p li e d to a ll s p i r i tp h e n o m e n a w h i c h
w e r e n o tbr o a d ly c la s s i f i a ble a s h u m a n .
Gh o s ts , g i a n ta p p e a r a n c e s , a n d f e r o c i o u s a n d
e vi ls p i r i ts o f , a llk i n d s h a ve be e n d e s c r i be d a s
e le m e n ta ls , s o th a tth e w o r d h a s lo s ti ts r e a l
p r e c i s i o n . Or i g i n a lly a llth e s e o u ts i d e s p i r i ts
n o tk n o w n a s th e s o u ls o f m o r ta ls w e r e c la s s e d
a s be i n g s p i r i ts o f Ea r th o r F i r e , Ai r , o r W a te r ,
a n d by th i s a r bi tr a r y r e la ti o n to th e e le m e n ts
be c a m e k n o w n a s Ele m e n ta ls .
BEASTSAND- ELEMENTAL$ 1 4 9
In e f f e c to n ly p h e n o m e n a w h e r e n o a p p a r e n t
o r g a n i c o r p h y s i c a lm a te r i a li z a ti o n o r i n c a r n a
.
ti o n o f a n y k i n d o c c u r s s h o u ld be c la s s i f i e d a s
p u r e ly e le m e n ta l.
Of th e s e th e h e a te le m e n ta li s a p h e n o m e n o n
th a ti s o c c a s i o n a lly o bs e r * e d . Ai r o r w i n d p h e -
n o m e n a a r e a ls o k n o w n , bu tIk n o w o f n o c a s e
w h e r e e a r th o r w a te r p h e n o m e n a a p a r tf r o m
' ` a p p o r ts " by a m a te r i a li z e d p r e s e n c e c la i m -
i n g to be a n e a r th o r w a te r e le m e n ta l, h a ve be e n
n o te d . To m y m i n d th e o r g a n i c p r e s e n c e d e -
s tr o y s th e e vi d e n ti a lva lu e o f th e la tte r a c -
c o u n ts d u e to th e e f f e c to f e le m e n ta ls a s d i s ti n c t
f r o m s p i r i ts .
Th e e le m e n ta ls a r e p r o p e r ly th o s e i n te lli -
g e n c e s ( th e w o r d s p i r i ts c o n ve y s a w r o n g i m -
p li c a ti o n ) th a ta r e te r m e d i n th e o ld r i tu a ls th e
P o w e r s o f F i r e , Ai r , Ea r th , a n d W a te r . In
m a g i c i tw a s h e ld th a tth e s e P o w e r s w e r e
s e r ve d by s p i r i ts , bu tth e r e i s r e a s o n to s u p -
p o s e th a tth i s vi e w r o s e f r o m th e to o li te r a li n -
te r p r e ta ti o n o f th e o ld r i tu a ls a n d m a ltr a n s
la ti o n o f th e o c c u lt" Gr i m o i r e s " o f th e f i f te e n th
a n d s i x te e n th c e n tu r i e s .
Th e a p p e a r a n c e o f th e s e e le m e n ta ls i s r a r e
1 5 0

A MODERNOCCULTIST
a n d s p o r a d i c , u s u a lly a s s o c i a te d w i th a p la c e
o r
a n i n d i vi d u a lr a th e r th a n w i th th e s i tti n g o f
a s e a n c e .
So m e ti m e s th e i n d i vi d u a la f f li c te d by th e e le -
m e n ta li s a f f e c te d i n a n e g a ti ve m a n n e r - - th a t
i s to s a y , h e i s i m m u n e to th e e f f e c t o f f i r e o r
h e a to r h a s th e p o w e r o f i n d u c i n g e n o r m o u s
d r a u g h ts a n d
a i r d i s tu r ba n c e s i n c o n f i n e d s p a c e
w i th o u t k n o w i n g w h y .

r
Th e s e c a s e s a r e d i f f i c u lt, a n d th o u g h a " f i r e -
p r o o f " m e d i u m w h o c a n c a r r y li ve c o a ls i n h i s
h a n d m a y c la i m i tto be d u e to th e e f f e c to f a
f i r e - e le m e n ta lc o n tr o l, i tm u s tbe r e m e m be r e d
th a ti n m a n y c a s e s a u to s u g g e s ti o n w i ll i n d u c e
a n e x te n s i o n o f th e p r o te c ti ve e c to - o r p s y c h o -
p la s m w h i c h i s , e qu a lly e f f e c ti ve . * Th e So u th
Se a a n d In d i a n f a n a ti c s w h o w a lk a c r o s s r e d -
h o ts to n e s i n d u bi ta bly p o s s e s s th i s s e lf - c o n -
ta i n e d p o w e r .
Ih a ve o n ly a s e c o n d h a n d i n s ta n c e o f a
p u r e h e a te le m e n ta lto r e la te . Th i s w a s c o m -
m u n i c a te d to
m e
by a ve r y w e ll- k n o w n
, * Th e r e a lly g e n u i n e f i r e m e d i u m c a n h o ld a r e d - h o tc o a l
o r g lo w i n g a s be s to s f r o m th e g a s f i r e o n th e p a lm o f th e h a n d
f o r tw o m i n u te s . No s h o r te r d u r a ti o n o f ti m e s h o u ld be
a c c e p te d .
BEASTS ANDELEMENT
ALS 1 5 1
m o u n ta i n p a i n te r w h o m w e w i llc a llCa lvi n
Mu i r .
He h a d be e n d o w n i n th e W e ls h Ma r c h e s
w h e r e th e lo w f o o th i lls
. o f th e m o u n ta i n s ju s t
c h a n g e i n to s tr e tc h e s o f r o c k y m o o r s a bo ve th e
lo w - ly i n g w o o d e d va lle y s .
Mu i r w a s by h a bi ta n d tr a i n i n g a k e e n o b-
s e r ve r
. He w a s a ls o a F r a te r o f th e Ro s i c r u -
c i a n So c i e ty a n d h a d a w i d e g e n e r a lk n o w le d g e
o f m a n y s tr a n g e a s p e c ts o f o c c u lti s m
.
" Iw a s s ta y i n g d o w n a tP w h y ll- g o r , a li ttle
h i llvi lla g e w i th a f e w c o tta g e s a n d tw o i n n s o f
s m a ll- a ttr a c ti ve n e s s , " s a i d h e
.
"
Ih a d be e n
th e r e s o m e s i x w e e k s o r s o , s k e tc h i n g a n d w a n -
d e r i n g a n d d o i n g a li ttle tr o u tf i s h i n g w h e n th e
m o o d , to o k m e
. On e e ve n i n g If o u n d th e ta p -
r o o m le a r n e d ly d i s c u s s i n g th e bli g h tth a tw a s
a f f e c ti n g a n o r c h a r d i n a n e a r by f a r m
.
" Ac c o r d i n g to th e m , h a lf th e a f f e c te d tr e e s
a p p e a r e d bu r n to r s e a r e d a n d th e r e w a s g r e a t
d i s c u s s i o n w h e th e r li g h tn i n g c o u ld s tr i k e w i th -
o u ta o o n e ttr r e n ts to r m o r th u n d e r c la p
.
I
` Oth e r s h e ld th a ti tw a s p r o ba bly a m i s c h i e v-
o u s tr i c k by s m a llbo y s , bu to n e o ld m a n d e -
c la r e d i th a d h a p p e n e d be f o r e i n th e s a m e d i s -
1 5 2

AMODERNOCCULTIST
tr i c ti n h i s f a th e r ' s ti m e a n d th a ti tw a s d u e
to
e
o w lbla s ti n g
. '
" Th i s , i ts e e m e d , w a s a f o r m o f w i tc h c r a f t'
o r m a g i c , bu tm o r e c lo s e ly r e la te d to th e m a le vo -
le n tf o r c e s o f n a tu r e th a n to m o r ta li llw i ll.
He w a s n o t, c o m m u n i c a ti ve , bu td i s c lo s e d
e n o u g h to m a k e m e d e te r m i n e to vi s i tth e f a r m .
n e x td a y .
" If o u n d i tu p o n th e h i lls i d e i n a li ttle
n a tu r a lva lle y o r g a p w h e r e a f e w . f e r ti le
a c r e s h a d be e n r e c la i m e d . Itw a s a p o o r
e n o u g h s m a llh o m e s te a d , ble a k a n d ba r r e n , a n d
th e w r e tc h e d li ttle o r c h a r d w a s p o o r e n o u g h
i n a llc o n s c i e n c e w i th o u ts u f f e r i n g s u p e r n a tu r a l
vi o le n c e s
.
" Th e f a r m e r ' s w i f e r e c e i ve d m e a n d m a d e n o
s e c r e to f h e r tr o u ble s . To g e th e r w e w e n to u t
to vi e w th e d a m a g e , a n d If o u n d tw o c i d e r -
a p p le tr e e s w h o s e f o li a g e a n d f r u i th a d be e n
li te r a lly bu r n ti n a n a r e a a s la r g e . a s a g o o d -
s i z e d c a r tw h e e l.
" Th a tw a s th e qu e e r th i n g a bo u ti t, th e c lo s e
c i r c u la r o r r a th e r s p h e r i c a lli m i ts o f th e
d a m a g e
. Itw a s ju s t a s i f a r e d - h o tr o u n d bi te
h a d be e n ta k e n o u to f th e th i c k o f th e tr e e , a n d
BI
TSSTD' ' h + ` . L ETALS 1 5 3
le f tth e n e i g h bo u r tw i g s a n d le a ve s u n s i n g e d
u n s e a r e d
.
" Th e y h a d n o e x p la n a ti o n to o f f e r e x c e p t
li g h tn i n g , a n d i tw a s m a n i f e s tth e y h a d n o r e a l
_ be li e f i n th a t
. I s u g g e s te d bo y s , bu tw a s to ld
th e r e w a s bu to n e a bo u tth e f a r m - e ve n a s I
m a d e th e s u g g e s ti o n Ik n e w i t : w a s f u ti le ; bu t
w h a tw o u ld y o u ?
" Ia s k e d w h e n th e c a la m i ty o c c u r r e d , a n d
th e y to ld m e i n f u lld a y ti m e be tw e e n d a w n a n d
lu n c h . In th e m o r n i n g a llh a d be e n
w e lli n th e
o r c h a r d - by n o o n tw o
tr e e s h a lf r u i n e d , a n d
n o o n e h a d s e e n s i g h to f s m o k e o r f la m e , n o r
s o u n d .
" Th e s u g g e s ti o n o f ' o w lbla s ti n g ' br o u g h t
n o
r e s p o n s e . Th e y w e r e s tr a n g e r s to th e c o u n -
tr y , h a vi n g c o m e s o m e te n y e a r s a g o f r o m
Sw a n s e a w a y .
It' s th e h i lls , ' s a i d
. th e w o m a n .
W e ll, ' s a i d I, ' a n o th e r w a tc h e r w i ll d o n o
h a r m . Ca n y o u g i ve m e a s h a k e d o w n , a n d to -
m o r r o w Iw i ll g o o u tw i th m y e a s e la n d s ta y
s k e tc h i n g th e o r c h a r d . '
" Sh e a s s e n te d w i th o u te n th u s i a s m , a n d I
s p e n tth a tn i g h ta tth e f a r m .
1 5 4
AMODERNOCCULTIST
" Th e f a r m e r w a s n o w i s e r a n d
r a th e r
s u r li e r
th a n h i s w i f e , bu tbo th w e r e m a n i f e s tly o p -
p r e s s e d w i th f e a r
. Th e i r bo y a lo n e w a s c h e e r -
f u la n d u n m o ve d .
f
" Th e
n e x td a y Ir o s e a tc o c k - c r o w , p a s s e d
th r o u g h th e o r c h a r d a n d o u to n to th e h i lls to
a p a tc h o f - r o c k - a n d h e a th e r s o m e tw o h u n d r e d
y a r d s a w a y .
" By s e ve n - o '. c lo A h a d w a tc h e d i n a g o o d
s tr e tc h o f th e f a r m a n d th e o r c h a r d i n w h i c h n o t
a s o u l h a d m o ve d . Alla to n c e , Is to o d w i th
m y br u s h p o i s e d i n a m a z e m e n t, a s th e r e . h i g h
a bo ve th e tr e e s w a s p o i s e d a s m a ll, blu e - y e llo w
la m be n tf la m e th a ts e e m e d to d r i f ts i d e w a y s i n
th e w i n d le s s a i r .
" F o r a m o m e n tIth o u g h ti tw a s a
f i r e ba l-
lo o n , th e n s a w m y e r r o r . W i th o u t a th o u g h tI
r a n to w a r d i tju s ti n ti m e to s e e i ts e ttle d o w n
o n to a tr e e w h o s e le a ve s i n a m o m e n ttu r n e d
f r o m g r e e n to d a r k e n i n g br o w n a n d bu r s t
a lm o s ti m m e d i a te ly i n to c r a c k li n g f la m e
. My
c r i e s br o u g h t o u t th e bo y a n d th e w o m a n f r o m
th e h o u s e a n d o n th e i r c o m i n g i tva n i s h e d a n d
w e w e r e le f tg a z i n g a tth e d a m a g e i th a d d o n e .
" Ito ld th e m w h a tIh a d s e e n , a n d th e
w o m a n
BEASTSANDELF : MENTALS
1 5 5
s u d d e n ly
p u t h e r a p r o n o ve r h e r f a c e
a n d bu r s t
i n to te a r s . W e s e n tth e bo y to
f e tc h
h e r h u s -
ba n d , w h o c a m e i n a m a r k e d s ta te o f w o r r y a n d ,
a g i ta ti o n .
" Ic o u ld n o tf o llo w th e qu i c k i n te r c h a n g e o f
W e ls h w o r d s th a te n s u e d . Th e m a n th e n a s k e d
m e w h o h a d to ld m e o f ` o w l . . bla s ti n g ,
I a n d to -
g e th e r w e w e n tto th e vi lla g e to f i n d th e o ld
m a n .
" Ita p p e a r e d th a ta m o n th o r s o ba c k th e
f a r m e r h a d u s e d s o m e o ld r o c k s w h i c h w e r e
p a r to f th e r i n g
o f a Cr o m le c h to r e bu i ld o n e
o f h i s ' s to n e w a lls
. Th i s , a c c o r d i n g to th e o ld
m a n , h a d br o u g h td o w n th e ` o w lbla s ti n g ' u p o n
.
h i m .
" P a i n s ta k i n g ly th e y d r a g g e d th e s to n e s ba c k
to th e i r
o r i g i n a lp la c e , a n d Ibe li e ve c e r ta i n
c e r e m o n i a lw a s g o n e th r o u g h a tth e n e x tqu a r -
te r o f th e m o o n
.
" Th e p r e c i s e th i n g s d o n e w e r e k e p ts e c r e t
f r o m m e , f o r Iw a s a
s tr a n g e r a n d s u s p e c t, bu t
Ig a th e r e d e n o u g h to u n d e r s ta n d th a ta m e r -
c e n a r y d e s tr u c ti o n o r d i s tu r ba n c e o f Dr u i d i c
r e m a i n s br o u g h ti ts o w n r e w a r d .
" Allth a tIc a n s a y i s th a t
a ba llo f f i r e c a m e
1 5 6

AMODERNOCCULTIST
o u t o f c le a r s k y qu i te s lo w ly a n d d e s tr o y e d
p a r t
, o f th e f o li a g e o f a n a p p le tr e e u n d e r
c o n d i ti o n s p r e c lu d i n g a n y h u m a n a g e n c y . "
Th e a bo ve i s Ca lvi n Mu i r ' s a c c o u n t. To a n
o c c u lti s tth e c o n n e c ti o n be tw e e n th e P o w e r o f
F i r e a n d th e vi o la ti o n o f a Cr o m le c h i s c o n -
vi n c i n g , bu t i t As k d i f f i c u ltto c o n c e i ve i n w h a t
m a n n e r th e P o w e r s w e r e p r o p i ti a te d .
Sc i e n ti f i c p e o p le h a ve s u g g e s te d s lo w - d r y i n g
p h o s p h o r u s s o lu ti o n a s a n e x p la n a ti o n o f a n
a p p a r e n tly s u p e r n a tu r a lo c c u r r e n c e . Mu i r , o n
th e o th e r h a n d , w a s p o s i ti ve th a ti tw a s a tr u e
m a n i f e s ta ti o n o f a f i r e e le m e n ta l, a n d th a tth e
o ld m a n w h o k n e w a bo u t" o w lbla s ti n g " w a s
n o ta n i n te r e s te d o r m a le vo le n tp a r ty i n a p e a s -
a n t' s p lo t.
So f a r , n o h y p o th e s i s th a tw i lls e r ve a s a r a -
ti o n a le x p la n a ti o n o f a llth e f a c ts h a s e ve r be e n
a d va n c e d .
CHAP TERIX
P OSSESSION
P a o Mti m e to ti m e w e c o m e a c r o s s c a s e s o f
d e m o n i a c a lp o s s e s s i o n . In th e s e th e r e i s a p -
p a r e n tly th e p e r m a n e n to r te m p o r a r y d o m i n a r
ti o n o f th e s o u lo r m i n d o f th e vi c ti m by a n e vi l
s p i r i to r d e m o n o f a li e n p e r s o n a li ty .
Ca s e s o f p o s s e s s i o n a r e i n va r i a bly c la i m e d a s
" p r o o f s " o f th e e x i s te n c e o f s p i r i ti n te lli g e n c e ,
a n d i n c a s e s w h e r e th e p o s s e s s i o n i s n o m i n a lly
a tle a s t a m i ld o n e th e p o s s e s s e d a r e s o m e ti m e s
qu i te p r o u d o f i t. Iti s , i n f a c t, e x h i bi te d
a s qu a i n ta n d d r e a d f u ld e f o r m i ty w o u ld be -
th e p h r a s e i s e x a c t. Iti s a m e n ta ld e -
f o r m i ty .
No w , i tm u s tbe u n d e r s to o d th a tth e p s y c h o lo -
g i s ts h a ve o f la te y e a r s m a d e e n o r m o u s s tr i d e s
i n th e i r k n o w le d g e o f th e va g a r i e s o f th e s u b-
c o n s c i o u s m i n d
. P o s s e s s i o n , li k e s h e lls h o c k , "
i s i n n i n e ty - n i n e c a s e s o u to f a h u n d r e d - a p e r -
f e c tly c u r a ble d i s e a s e
. Its p r i n g s f r o m a p e r - ,
1 5 7
1 5 8

AMODERNOCCULTIST
ve r s i o n o f th e s u bc o n s c i o u s s ta te , c a n be d i a g -
n o s e d by p s y c h o a n a ly s i s a n d e r a d i c a te d by
tr a n s f e r e n c e o r by s u g g e s ti o n .
Th e p r o c e s s e s o f Ch r i s ti a n e x o r c i s m o f te n
a tta i n e d th e s a m e r e s u lt. Th e w i s e p r i e s tw a s
a ble to " c a s to u td e m o n s , " a n d m e d i c a ls c i e n c e
o f to - d a y , w o r k i n g by a n a ly ti c a lm e th o d s r a th e r
th a n by r u le o f th u m b, a c h i e ve s th e s a m e
r e s u lts .
W h e th e r o n e a c c e p ts th e s c i e n ti f i c th e o r y th a t
th e s e " p o s s e s s i o n s " a r e bu tm u lti p le p e r s o n a li -
ti e s a n d th a tth e r e m a y be s e ve r a lm e n ta lp e r -
s o n a li ti e s i n th e o n e m i n d , o r w h e th e r o n e be -
li ve s th e i d e a o f s p i r i ti n f lu e n c e , d o e s n o tm u c h
m a tte r . In a n y c a s e th e d o o r s o f th e m i n d c a n
be f i r m ly lo c k e d o n e i th e r s p i r i to r m e n ta ld i s
3 a s e
. P o s s e s s i o n i s c u r a ble - i f th e p a ti e n t
.
r e a lly d e s i r e s to be c u r e d .
P o s s e s s i o n c a n be r e a d i ly e vo k e d i n n e a r ly a ll
h y p n o ti c s u bje c ts . ' No to n ly o n e bu ts e ve r a l
d i s ti n c tp e r s o n a li ti e s c a n be d e ve lo p e d by th e
p s y c h o lo g i s t. J a n e t' s e x p e r i m e n ts d e ve lo p e d
i n Ma d a m e B. th r e e s e p a r a te i n d i vi d u a ls
Le o n e , k n o w n i n th e w a k i n g s ta te a s a " ` p o s -
s e s s o r " ; Le o n ti n e u n d e r th e li g h ts ta g e o f
P OSSESSION
1 5 9
h y p n o s i s ,
a n d Le o n o r e i n a d e e p e r c o n d i ti o n
. * ,
Eve n a p o p u la r
k n o w le d g e a n d
c o m p r e h e n -
s i o n , o f th i s
p e c u li a r d i s e a s e o f th e
s u be o n s c i Q u s
i s d i f f i c u ltto
a tta i n w i th o u ta s o u n d e le m e n ta r y
g r a s p o f th e p r i n c i p le s o f p s y c h o lo g y
. Th e bu lk
o f bo o k s o n th e s u bje c t
a r e w r i tte n f o r th e
m e d i c a l'
o r s c i e n ti f i c m i n d , bu t Co r i a t' s bo o k '
i s a s o u n d
a n d e a s i ly g r a s p e d i n tr o d u c to r y
m a n u a l. t
Th e n o r m a lf o r m o f m e n ta ltr o u ble i s
a n o b-
s e s s i o n , th e f e a r o r " p h o bi a " o f s o m e p e r f e c tly
n o r m a lth i n g s a d e s i r e to to u c h o bje c ts . Th e r e
a r e d o z e n s o f va r i a ti o n s o f th e s e o bs e s s i o n s
w h i c h s p r i n g to m i n d . Th e s ta te o f p o s s e s s i o n
c a n o n ly
be s a i d to e x i s tw h e n th e m i n d i s u n d e r
th e d o m i n a n c e o f a n o th e r i n d i vi d u a li ty d i s ti n c t
f r o m th e n o r m a lp e r s o n a li ty .
Iti s c u r i o u s to n o te th a tc a s e s o f p o s s e s s i o n
by g o o d s p i r i ts a r e a bs o lu te ly u n k n o w n . A
m e d i u m m a y be " c o n tr o lle d " by s p i r i ts s a i d to
be g o o d , bu tth i s d o e s n o ta m o u n t to a p o s -
s e s s i o n . In e ve r y c a s e w h e r e n o r m a lp e r s o n -
a li ty h a s be e n o ve r th r o w n a n d
a n o th e r o r
* P i e r r e J a n e t
: L' a u to m a ti s m e P s y c h o lo g i qu e .
tAbn o r m a lP a y c h o lo g y .
i s a d o r H . Co r i a t, Ri d e r , 1 9 1 1 .
1 6 0

A MODERN
OCCULTIST
o th e r p e r s o n a li ti e s ta k e p o s s e s s i o n
w e f i n d - s
e vi l.
Th i s i s to c e r ta i n e x te n te x p li c a ble i f w e
r e a li z e th a te ve r y th o u g h to r w i s h th a to c c u r s
to u s , a n d w h i c h
w e
r e p r e s s
be c a u s e i ti s ba d
o r e vi l, i s n o td e s tr o y e d o r
w i p e d o u t o f e x i s t-
e n c e , bu ts ta y s a s
a s u p p r e s s e d d e s i r e o r w i s h
bu r i e d i n th e r e c e s s e s o f s u bc o n s c i o u s m i n d
.
W h e n n o r m a lc o n s c i o u s c o n tr o li s o ve r -
th r o w n , th e s e s u bc o n s c i o u s ly s to r e d d e s i r e s o r
w i s h e s c o m e bu bbli n g u p - a f a c tth a ts e e m s to
e x p la i n w h y - th e la n g u a g e u s e d by n i c e ly
br o u g h tu p g i r ls r e c o ve r i n g a f te r th e a d m i n i s -
tr a ti o n o f a n a n a e s th e ti c w o u ld p u ta c o a l- h e a ve r
to f li g h t
.
' In th e d r e a m - s ta te , to o , th e s e r e p r e s s e d d e -
s i r e s e s c a p e a llm i x e d u p f r o m th e i r bo n d a g e , a
f a c tw h i c h a c c o u n ts f o r th e p e c u li a r m e d le y o f
d r e a m s a n d th e i r f r e qu e n tla c k o f m o r a lba l-
a n c e a n d a c c e n tu a ti o n o f s e x u a lc h a r a c te r i s ti c s
.
Th e c h a r a c te r o f a " p o s s e s s i n g " d e m o n i s i n
m o s tc a s e s d e te r m i n e d by e x p e r i e n c e s th a tth e
vi c ti m h a s p a s s e d th r o u g h
. Sh o c k , n e u r a s -
th e n i a , i lln e s s , d i s a p p o i n tm e n t ; a llth e s e m a y
br i n g a bo u tth e s p li tti n g o f th e p e r s o n a li ty s o
P OSSESSION

1 6 1
th a tth e _ s e c o n d a r y o r p o s s e s s i n g p e r s o n a li ty
- c a n o ve r th r o w c o n s c i o u s n e s s , a n d ta k e c h a r g e .
Th e vi c ti m i s o f te n h o r r i f i e d to f i n d h i s o r h e r
m i n d c o n ti n u a lly f i lle d w i th te r r i ble d e s i r e s , i n -
to le r a ble p a s s i o n s , a n d th o u g h ts u tte r ly r e p u g -
n a n tto th e s e d a te c o n s c i o u s s e lf .
So m e ti m e s , th e i d e a o f p o s s e s s i o n i s s ti m u -
la te d by m e s s a g e s r e c e i ve d th r o u g h m e d i u m s o r
by a u to m a ti c w r i ti n g - th i s i s o n e
o f th e m a n y
f r e qu e n tc a s e s w h e r e u n d i g e s te d , u n e d u c a te d
Sp i r i tu a li s m i s o f te n a bo m i n a bly 1 h a r m f u l.
An y th i n g th a th e lp s th e i d e a o f p o s s e s s i o n to
g r o w i n th e a f f li c te d m i n d s h o u ld be a vo i d e d .
Gr a d u a lly th e n a tu r e o f th e p o s s e s s i o n be -
c o m e s m o r e a c u te ly d e f i n e d a n d i s r e c o g n i z e d a s
a d i f f e r e n t' p e r s o n a li ty - a u e vi lp e r s o n a li ty
r e s i d e n ti n th e s a m e bo d y u s i n g th e s a m e m i n d
.
Iti s
i n a llh u m a n p r o ba bi li ty o n ly th e r e -
p r e s s e d w i s h e s - - - a llth e p e n t- u p u n f u lf i lle d e vi l
o f a li f e ti m e ta k i n g s h a p e a n d u r g i n g g r a ti f i c a -
ti o n r a th e r th a n r e p r e s s i o n i n a n e w a n d s e c o n -
d a r y p e r s o n a li ty
.
P o s s e s s i o n by e vi ls p i r i ts i s i n va r i a bly c o n -
n e c te d w i th vi o le n c e a n d vi c e . So m e ti m e s th e
a tta c k s a r e p e r i o d i c
; a lw a y s th e y a r e s i g n s o f
1 6 2

AMODERNOCCULTIST
m e n ta li n s ta bi li ty a n d p s y c h i c d i s e a s e
. Ap o s -
s e s s e d
p e r s o n _ i s a f i ts u bje c tf o r p s y c h o th e r a -
p e u ti c tr e a tm e n t- by qu a li f i e d
m e d i c a l
m e n , -bu t
a s o u r c e o f ve r y r e a lp s y c h i c d a n g e r i n a
s e a n c e o r a s a s u bje c tf o r w e ll- m e a n i n g e x p e r i -
m e n ts i n f a i th
h e a li n g by a m a te u r s .
In p s y c h i c
h e a li n g th e d o c tr i n e o f s a c r i f i c e
a n d th e s c a p e g o a th a d a ve r y li te r a li n te r p r e ta -
ti o n
. Th e h e a le r o f te n ta k e s u p o n h i s o w n s o u l
th e bu r d e n th a th e li f ts f r o m a n o th e r
. Th i s
p s y c h i c tr a n s f e r e n c e c a n o n ly be d o n e i n s a f e ty
by c e r ta i n a n d s p e c i f i c w a y s be y o n d th e s c o p e
o f th i s w o r k . Iti s s u f f i c i e n t to i n d i c a te th e
d a n g e r .
P o s s e s s i o n i n i ts va r y i n g a s p e c ts h a s g i ve n
r i s e to m a n y m y th s a n d le g e n d s
. La r va e , In
c u bi , a n d Su c c u bi w e r e a lld e m o n s o f te m p o r a r y
p o s s e s s i o n th a tte m p te d m a n . In th e Mi d d le
Ag e s a n d f a r la te r th e F a i th s tr o ve lu s ti ly w i th
th e m , a n d w h e r e e x o r c i s m f a i le d th e s ta k e w a s
f o u n d e f f e c ti ve .
Ac c o r d i n g to th e o ld e r w r i te r s , In c u bi w e r e
m a le d e m o n s w h o p o s s e s s e d th e bo d i e s o f
m o r -
ta l w o m e n ; Su c c u bi , s h e - d e vi ls w h o s e d u c e d ' th e
s o u ls a n d p o s s e s s e d th e bo d i e s o f m e n .
P OSSESSION,

1 6 3 ,
So r c e r e r s h a d th e p o w e r o f d e s p a tc h i n g th e s e
e r o ti c d e m o n s to g r a ti f y th e i r a s s o c i a te s o r
p la g u e th e i r e n e m i e s , a n d i ti s n o ta ble th a tth i s
d o c tr i n e o f vi c a r i o u s e n jo y m e n to r s a ti s f a c ti o n
r e a p p e a r s i n th e Sp i r i tu a li s tbe li e f i n g r o s s a n d
e a r th bo u n d s o u ls o f s i n n e r s w h o h a u n td r i n k -
i n g bo o th s a n d h o u s e s o f i ll- f a m e , d e r i vi n g vi - ,
c a r i o u s s a ti s f a c ti o n f r o m th e s i n s o f th e li vi n g
.
Th e o ld d e m o n o g r a p h e r a g i ve lu r i d a n d d i s -
g u s tf u la c c o u n ts o f th e s e " p o s s e s s i o n s " * a n d
i n s i s to n th e i r c o n ta g i o u s n a tu r e . P r o s e c u ti o n s
f o r s o r c e r y , " p o s s e s s i o n , " a n d s i m i la r c r i m e s
r a g e d th r o u g h o u tth e s i x te e n th a n d s e ve n te e n th
c e n tu r i e s , a n d i n th e p a g e s o f th e r e c o r d s w e
c a n tr a c e th e In c u bi a n d Su c e u bi n o w h i d d e n a s
f a m i li a r s p i r i ts , n o w d e s c r i be d a s th e d e vi l
h i m s e lf , bu tc u r i o u s ly tr u e i n th e i r n a tu r e to
th e o c c a s i o n a l d e m o n i a c p o s s e s s i o n s th a t
tr o u ble th e tw e n ti e th c e n tu r y .
Eve n i f o n e a d m i ts th a tth e a ve r a g e ' " p o s -
s e s s i o n " i s - o n e ' s o w n e vi ls u bc o n s c i o u s p e r s o n -
a li ty a tte m p ti n g to o ve r th r o w th e c o n s c i o u s
m i n d , c e r ta i n qu e s ti o n s a n d p o s s i bi li ti e s a r i s e .
Th a tth e a s tr a lbo d y o r m i n d c a n m a k e d i s -
o a r n a te jo u r n e y s i s a w e ll- k n o w n f a c tto - a ll
Sp i r i tu a li s ts
. Th e r e i s , th e n , n o r e a s o n to s u p -
p o s e th a tth i s f a c u lty w o u ld be le s s m a te r i a li n
a p o s s e s s i ve p e r s o n a li ty - w h o s e o r i g i n w a s s p e -
e i f i c a lly i n th e d r e a m r e a lm o f th e s u bc o n s c i o u s
.
In d e e d , i ti s f a r
m o r e p la u s i ble to s u p p o s e
th a tth e p o s s e s s o r o r d e m o n m i n d w o u ld f i n d i t
f a r e a s i e r to m a k e th e jo u r n e y th a n th e o th e r
p e r s o n a li ty , f o r i t i s
r e c o g n i z e d th a tth e r e -
le a s e o f th e a c tu a lbo d y o c c u r s i n tr a n c e o r
d r e a m s ta te .
W e h a ve h e r e , th e n , s o m e p o s s i ble p s y c h i c
e x p la n a ti o n o f m a n y o f - th e c a s e s o f s o r c e r y
w h e r e th e c o m p la i n to f th e s u f f e r e r s w a s th a t
th e y w e r e vi c ti m i s e d d u r i n g s le e p by d e m o n s
.
In o th e r w o r d s , th e y w e r e th e r e c i p i e n ts o f u n -
d e s i r e d a tte n ti o n s by th e a s tr a lbo d y o f e i th e r
- th e s o r c e r e r o r h i s f o llo w e r s o r a s s o c i a te s .
Th i s h a s be e n s u g g e s te d to m e i n
va r i o u s
f o r m s by p e o p le w h o h a ve be li e ve d th e m s e lve s
th e vi c ti m s o f d i s c a r n a te s p i r i ts - a n d w h o w e r e
a tti m e s p o s s e s s e d by th e m a g a i n s tth e i r w i lls .
Itm u s t, h o w e ve r , be a d m i tte d th a ti n a lls u c h
c a s e s w h i c h c a m e u n d e r m y n o ti c e th e r e h a d
P OSSESSION

1 6 5
be e n , c o n n e c ti o n w i th Sp i r i tu a li s tc i r c le s o r w i th
m i n o r f o r m s o f o c c u lti s m , a n d i tw a s i m p o s s i ble
to e x c lu d e th e p o s s i bi li ty o f p r e vi o u s h y p n o s i s ,
a u to s u g g e s ti o n , o r th e li ttle k n o w n bu t c o m -
m o n p h e n o m e n a o f p s y c h i c i n va s i o n - by , o th e r
f
m e m be r s o f th e c i r c le .
V i e w e d f r o m th e p s y c h i c a lp o i n to f vi e w , p o s -
s e s s i o n i s a n e x tr e m e ly d i f f i c u ltp r o ble m . Re a l
s p i r i tp o s s e s s i o n m i g h to c c u r , s u g g e s ti o n
o r
p s y c h i c i n va s i o n i s o f te n i n d i c a te d
; a n d , a s I
h a ve e x p la i n e d , m u lti p le p e r s o n a li ty a n d th e
c o n c e n tr a ti o n o f e vi lr e p r e s s e d d e s i r e s i n th e
s e c o n d a r y i n d i vi d u a li ty f u r n i s h e s a c o m p le te
s c i e n ti f i c e x p la n a ti o n o f th e p h e n o m e n o n .
Th e s e c a s e s m u s tbe ta k e n i n d i vi d u a lly , a n d
th e r e a r e n o ty e tg r o u n d s f o r la y i n g d o w n
a
.
g e n e r a le x p la n a ti o n o f a llth e p h e n o m e n a . On e
o f th e g r e a td i f f i c u lti e s i s th e n a tu r a lr e lu c ta n c e
o f th e vi c ti m s to d i s c lo s e e x a c td e ta i ls , bu tn o
c a s e o f p o s s e s s i o n w h i c h w a s n o te i th e r o p e n ly
o r s e c r e tly e r o ti c i s k n o w n to be r e c o r d e d
.
P o s s e s s i o n s f a llu n d e r tw o h e a d s :
th o s e i n
w h i c h th e p o s s e s s i n g s p i r i tu r g e s th e vi c ti m to
th e c o m m i s s i o n o f i n ju r i o u s a c ts i n p e r s o n , a n d
th e r e by d e r i ve s d i r e c ts a ti s f a c ti o n th r o u g h th e
1 6 6

AMODERNOCCULTIST
bo d y ; a n d th o s e i n w h i c h a vi c a r i o u s s a ti s f a c -
ti o n i s a c h i e ve d th r o u g h th e a s tr a lbo d y
. Th e
p o s s i bi li ty Q f i n te r c o u r s e be tw e e n s p i r i ta n d
m o r ta lh a s be e n h e ld . to be a p o s s i bi li ty s i n c e
Bi bli c a lti m e s , a n d th e e x p u ls i o n
o f th e f a lle n
a n g e ls w a s d u e to th i s s i n
. *
Sta i n to n Mo s e s h e ld th a tm u c h o f th e lo w e r
p h e n o m e n a w a s c a u s e d by s p i r i ts w h o h a d n o t
y e tr e a c h e d m a n ' s p la n e o f i n te lli g e n c e , ju s ta s
s o m e w a s p r o d u c e d by o th e r s w h o h a d p r o -
c e e d e d f u r th e r a n d r e tu r n e d to e n li g h te n m a n
. f
Th i s be li e f o c c u r s i n f o lk lo r e , i n Or i e n ta lr e -
li g i o n s , a n d i n a
m y r i a d va r i a ti o n s .
Th e d ji n n o f th e
Ar a bi a n Ni g h ts i s
a ve r y
r e a lth i n g to th e m o d e r n n a ti ve , a n d a c o n s i d e r -
a ble li te r a tu r e e x i s ts
i n w h i c h th e i n te r c o u r s e
be tw e e n d ji n n a n d m o r ta li s th e m a i n th e m e
.
In th e s a m e w a y th e be li e f i n f a i r y w i ve s o r
h u s ba n d s i s n o t s o lo n g d e a d i n Eu r o p e a n d
a li ve to - d a y a m o n g th e h i lltr i be s o f th e P a m i r s
.
Th e w h o le th e o r y ` o f s p i r i tp o s s e s s i o n o r
d e m o n p o s s e s s i o n " i s li n k e d w i th th i s i d e a
. In
th e " p o s s e s s e d " s ta te th e vi c ti m i s u n c o n s c i o u s
* J u d e V I, 7
.
tSta i n to n Mo s e s , Sp i r i tId e n ti ty ,
Ap p e n d i x II.
P OSSESSION

1 6 7
o f d e e d s d o n e a n d w o r d s s a i d
. Th e bla m e
i s
- th e bla m e o f th e d e m o n .
In n i n e c a s e s , o u to f te n f r e n z y o r h y s te n a
.
a c c o m p a n i e s n o m i n a lp o s s e s s i o n
. Th e r e a r e
g i f ts o f s tr a n g e to n g u e s u s u a lly s a i d to be
Ea s te r n o r In d i a n , a n d th e p o s s e s s e d p o u r o u t
s tr e a m s o f g i bbe r i s h i n w h i c h a f e w d o m i n a n t
w o r d s o r p h r a s e s be a r i n g a s li g h tr e s e m bla n c e
to s o m e k n o w n to n g u e m a y be d i s ti n g u i s h e d .
Cla i r vo y a n c e , th e g i f to f p r o p h e c y , a n d o th e r
p s y c h i c qu a li ti e s a p p e a r a tth e ti m e o f th e s e i z -
u r e . Of te n th e r e i s m a r k e d a n a e s th e s i a a n d i n -
s e n s i ti ve n e s s to p a i n . Ho to bje c ts m a y be
h a n d le d w i th i m p u n i ty , e le c tr i c s h o c k s a r e n o t
r
f e lt.
Th e s e c a s e s a r e n o tg e n u i n e c a s e s o f p o s s e s -
s i o n i n i ts w o r s ts e n s e w h e n th e y be g i n , bu t
ve r y f r e qu e n tly th e vi c ti m i s u r g e d by f o o ls to
d e ve lo p th e s e w o n d e r f u lp o w e r s a n d th e Da r k e r
P o w e r s a c c e p tth e i n vi ta ti o n a n d s te p i n .
Th e o c c u lti s ta n d th e s c i e n ti s ta g r e e a bo u t
ve r y f e w th i n g s , bu tbo th a g r e e th a tp o s s e s s i o n
a n d s u r r e n d e r to p o s s e s s i o n a r e th e f i r s ts te p s
to m o r a la n d p h y s i c a ld i s a s te r
. Th e tr a n s f e r -
a ble o r i n f e c ti o u s qu a li ty o f p o s s e s s i o n i s n o ts o
1 6 8

AMODERNOCCULTIST
w i d e ly k n o w n a s
i ts h o u ld be , bu tw i th th e i n -
c r e a s e o f Sp i r i tu a li s m i ts e f f e c ts w i ll i n a y e a r
o r s o be c o m e c a p a ble o f p e r c e p ti o n by e ve n th e
m o s tu n e n li g h te n e d .
Ag i r lo f m y a c qu a i n ta n c e , th e d a u g h te r o f
w e a lth y a n d r e s p e c ta ble Mi d la n d p a r e n ts , be -
c a m e i n te r e s te d i n p s y c h i c m a tte r s . He r f a i th
w a s g r e a te r th a n h e r p o w e r s o f d i s c e r n m e n t
a n d s h e w a s , li k e
a ll
to o m a n y Sp i r i tu a li s ts , o f
n e u r o ti c a n d h y s te r i c a lte m p e r a m e n t
.
He r f i r s ta c tu a le s s a y s w e r e w i th a u to m a ti c
w r i ti n g ; th e n a s s h e w a s a n a r ts tu d e n ts h e
tr i e d p a i n ti n g u n d e r s p i r i tc o n tr o l. So m e
s li g h ts u c c e s s a tte n d e d h e r e f f o r ts a n d ' s h e be -
c a m e i n te r e s te d i n Eg y p ti a n m y th o lo g y be c a u s e
h e r s p i r i tp a i n ti n g s w e r e Eg y p ti a n i n c h a r a c te r .
Id i d n o ts e e h e r f r e qu e n tly , bu tm e th e r a bo u t
a y e a r a f te r s h e h a d ta k e n u p h e r Eg y p ti a n
s tu d i e s . Sh e s ta te d th a ti n h e r w a s r e i n c a r -
n a te d th e s o u lo f a n Eg y p ti a n p r i e s t . Th i s i n
. w a d i n g e n ti ty d o m i n a te d h e r e n ti r e m i n d a n d
m o d e o f li f e .
Be f o r e , s h e h a d be e n a h e a lth y , n o r m a l g i r l
a lth o u g h i n c li n e d to be n e u r o ti c , bu to n c e g i ve n
o ve r to th i s o bs e s s i o n s h e f o u n d th a to w i n g to
P OSSESSION

1 6 9
th e - p s y c h i c
c h a n g e o f s e x a llm e n
. n
w e r e r e p u g -
n a n t- to h e r . Sh e w a s p o s s e s s e d by a m a le m i n d
i n a f e m a le bo d y , a n d w i th th i s e x tr a o r d i n a r y '
i n ve r s i o n o f n o r m a lf e e li n g s w a s o bli g e d
to
br e a k o f f h e r e n g a g e m e n t.
Th e r e m a i n d e r o f h e r li f e w a s s h o r tbu t
tr a g i c
. He r a u to m a ti c w r i ti n g s ( w h i c h w e r e
d e s tr o y e d a f te r h e r u n h a p p y d e a th a th e r o w n
h a n d s ) s h o w e d th e a s c e n d a n c y o f th e p o s s e s s
i n g d e m o n a s i tg r e w o ve r h e r . In te r s p e r s e d
w i th th e s e r e c o r d s w e r e th e tr a g i c o u tp o u r i n g s
o f h e r s o u l, h e r s e lf - a n a ly s i s o f h e r p s y c h i c
d i s a s te r . Th e r e w e r e th i n g s th e r e te r r i ble to
r e a d .
Iti s n o tp e r h a p s f a i r to bla m e p s y c h i c s c i e n c e
f o r d i s a s tr o u s tr a g e d i e s s u c h a s th e s e , bu ti t
m u s tbe o p e n ly a d m i tte d th a to c c u lti s m i s n o t
f o r th e m u lti tu d e .
Th e r e i s n o th i n g k n o w n to - d a y th a tw a s n o t
k n o w n i n th e p a s t, bu tSp i r i tu a li s ts a n d o th e r
i n ve s ti g a to r s h a ve d i s c o ve r e d a f e w o f th e
m i n o r m a r ve ls th a tw e r e k n o w n to , bu tw i s e ly
h i d d e n by , th e a n c i e n ts . So m e ti m e s th e y , a r e
li k e c h i ld r e n p la y i n g w i th a bo x o f d r u g s , s o m e
o f w h i c h a r e a c ti ve p o i s o n s .
1 70 A MODERNOCCULTIST/
On e m e s s a g e o f c o n s o la ti o n , o n e i n s ta n c e o f
s u bc o n s c i o u s te le p a th y w i th a m e d i u m , a n d th e y
a r e c o n vi n c e d o f th e tr u th o f Sp i r i tu a li s m a n d
w i lln o tbe w a r n e d th a tw h a te ve r tr u th i tm a y
h o ld i ta ls o h o ld s Un tr u th a n d Da n g e r a s w e ll
a s Ho p e .
Th e th r e s h o ld be tw e e n th e i n n o c e n t" c o n -
tr o l" a n d th e m a le vo le n t" d e m o n s o f p o s s e s -
s i o n " i s a ve r y , ve r y n a r r o w o n e . So m e ti m e s ,
i n d e e d o f te n , th e r e i s n o d i vi d i n g li n e a t a ll.
Th e c h a r g e s th a tSp i r i tu a li s m i s th e h i g h r o a d
to lu n a c y h a ve th e s e u n f o r tu n a te o c c u r r e n c e s
a s th e i r ba s i s .
CHAP TERX
SOMENEW F ACTS- ANDTHEORIES
Ts ~ Ea r e a n u m be r o f p e c u li a r p h e n o m e n a th a t
c o m e u n d e r n o s p e c i f i c h e a d o r g r o u p i n g . at
p r e s e n t; th a ti s to s a y , th e y a r e i n f r e qu e n t o r
i s o la te d i n s ta n c e s w h i c h c a n n o ty e tbe r e le g a te d
to a s p e c i f i c c la s s a n d la be lle d .
Ih a ve f r e qu e n tly c o m e a c r o s s h e a r s a y e vi -
d e n c e a n d be e n u n a ble to f i n d th e o r i g i n a lo b
`.
s e r ve r . In o th e r c a s e s th e c h a r a c te r o r m e n -
ta li ty o f th e o bs e r ve r h a s be e n s u c h a s to
.
r e n d e r th e a c c o u n te n ti r e ly va lu e le s s f r o m
a n y p o i n to f vi e w , e x c e p tth a to f s e n s a - ,
ti o n a li s m .
Th e r e s u lti s th a tw e a r e f a c e d w i th a n u n -
u s u a lc a s e w h i c h r e m a i n s m y s te r i o u s , u s u a lly
be c a u s e o p p o r tu n i ty f o r a th o r o u g h e x a m i n a t
ti o n o f th e p h e n o m e n a i s la c k i n g .
Th i s i s p e r h a p s be s ti llu s tr a te d by th o s e o a s e s
o f m a te r i a lp h e n o m e n a w h i c h w e c la s s a s
P o lte r g e i s ts .
1 71
1 72

AMODERNOCCULTIST
.
Th e m o s tr e c e n tly r e c o r d e d c a s e w a s th e
Ch e r i to n d u g o u t, * bu tth e r e a r e ' m a n y o th e r s
r e c o r d e d a n d a g o o d m a n y m o r e d e ta i ls o f w h i c h
h a ve be e n s u p p r e s s e d f o r p e r s o n a lo r e c o n o m i c
r e a s o n s .
Ro n a ld Gr e y h a s s o m e i n te r e s ti n g n o te s
u n d e r th i s h e a d i n g to w h i c h Iw i lln o w tu r n .
Th e d i s ti n g u i s h i n g c h a r a c te r i s ti c s o f a p o l-
te r g e i s th a u n ti n g a r e a i m le s s vi o le n c e a n d m i s -
c h i e f a c c o m p a n i e d by th e d i s p la c e m e n ta n d
tu r n i n g a bo u to f m a te r i a lo bje c ts a n d u n a c c o m -
p a n i e d by a n y vi s i ble m a te r i a li z a ti o n o f th e
m a n i f e s ti n g e n ti ty
.
In m a n y c a s e s th e s e m i s c h i e vo u s p h e n o m e n a
a r e a s s o c i a te d d i r e c tly o r i n d i r e c tly w i th c h i l-
d r e n o r y o u n g p e r s o n s . Sc e p ti c s u s u a lly a t-
tr i bu te th e p h e n o m e n a to p u r e m i s c h i e f a n d a
d e s i r e to m y s ti f y o r be r e ve n g e d o n s o m e bo d y
by th e c h i ld , bu tId o n o th o ld th a tth i s i s th e
tr u e i n te r p r e ta ti o n .
Th e a c tu a lp o w e r o f p h y s i c a lm e d; , u m s h i p i s
a g i f tw h i c h i s i n , s o m e s tr a n g e w a y c o n n e c te d
w i th p h y s i o lo g i c a lc o n d i ti o n s . It
i s o f te n m o r e
m a r k e d i n i ll- h e a lth th a n w h e n w e lla n d s o m e -
Se e
Th e Ne w Re ve la ti o n . Si r A.
C
. Do y le
.
SOMENEW F ACTSANDTlW RIES 1 1 3
ti m e s va n i s h e s c o m p le te ly o r m a y r e tu r n a g a i n
a f te r a y e a r o r tw o .
Ith a s n o w be e n a s c e r ta i n e d th a tth e s i te o f
th e h a u n ti n g i s th e f u n c ti o n i n g f a c to r a n d th a t
o n e o r o th e r o f th e h u m a n s p r e s e n ti s th e o f te n
u n c o n s c i o u s m e d i u m . If a k n o w n p h y s i c a l
m e d i u m i s s u bs ti tu te d f o r th e o r i g i n a lo n e th e
p h e n o m e n a w i llo f te n be a s e f f e c ti ve ly r e p r o -
d u c e d . Th e d o c tr i n e h e ld by Sp i r i tu a li s ts th a t
a
p o lte r g e i s ti s a lo w ty p e o f s p i r i te s s e n ti a lly
n o n
h u m a n a n d a k i n to th e tr e e d r y a d s o r e a r th
o r a i r e le m e n ta ls d o e s n o ts e e m to be bo r n e o u t
i n p r a c ti c e .

, '
J u s ta s m a n y p e o p le h o ld th a tth e bu lk o f
h a r m le s s a s d i s ti n c tf r o m m a li g n a n ta p p a r i -
ti o n s a r e " th o u g h t- i m p r e s s i o n s " o n th e s u r e
r o u n d i n g w a lls w h i c h be c o m e vi s i ble to p e o p le
w i th th e g i f to f c la i r vo y a n c e , s o a r e th e r e s o m e
g r o u n d s f o r be li e vi n g th a tth e p o lte r g e i s tm a n i -
f e s ta ti o n s a r e d u e n o tto a n y d i r e c ti n g i n te lli -
g e n c e a ta llbu tto th e p e r m a n e n c e o f s o m e
o ld
a c to r th o u g h tw h i c h s ti llh a s i n s o m e c a s e s th e
p o w e r o f i n f lu e n c i n g m a tte r
.
Mi n d c a n n o ta f f e c tm a tte r w i th o u tth e i n -
f lu e n c e o f a h u m a n i n te r m e d i a r y
. Bu tth e
r
1 74
AMODERNOCCULTIST
p h y s i c a lm e d i u m i s a h u m a n i n te r m e d i a r y a n d
s e r ve s a s a d y n a m o o r ba tte r y f o r th e g e n e r a -
ti o n o f a n e c e s s a r y f o r c e .
J u s ta s ta ble le vi ta ti o n s a n d s i m i la r p h e -
n o m e n a a r e p r o d u c e d by th e e x tr u s i o n o f p s y -
c h i c a lr o d s o r le ve r s w h i c h a r e i n vi s i ble ' , bu t bu t
w h i c h a r e d i r e c te d to
a
d e f i n i te ta s k by i n te lli -
g e n c e , s o th e p o lte r g e i s tp h e n o m e n a s e e m to be
s i m i la r p h e n o m e n a bu tw i th o u ta n y d i r e c ti n g
i n te lli g e n c e .
Th i s s ta te m e n tn e e d s qu a li f i c a ti o n i n th e c a s e s
w h e r e ' th e c h i ld m e d i u m h a s be c o m e p a r tly
a w a r e th a ti n s o m e s tr a n g e w a y h e o r s h e i s
th e p r i m e m o to r f o r th e p h e n o m e n a . Th e n th e
c h i ld ' s m i n d c o n s c i o u s ly o r s u bc o n s c i o u s ly d i -
r e c ti n g th e i m p u ls e m a y f o c u s th e m a n i f e s ta ti o n
i n th e w a y o f . i m p i s h , m a li c i o u s tr i c k s a f f li c ti n g
a n i n d i vi d u a l
.
Th e " p s y c h e f o r c e " o r p s y e h o p la s m e x te n d e d
by th e m e d i u m i s ve r y c lo s e ly a k i n to w h a ti s
te r m e d " a n i m a lm a g n e ti s m " - i ts e e m s to be o f
n e r vo u s o r i g i n a n d p h y s i o lo g i c a lly c o n n e c te d
w i th i n te r n a ls e c r e to r y o r g a n s .
* F o r d e ta i ls o f le ve r a g e , e tc . , s e e
:
Th e
Re a li ty o f P a y o h i o
P h e n o m e n a a n d F i x p e r i m e n ta i n P a y o h i o a i Be i e n c e . By W
. T.
Cr a w f o r d .
8 OMF .
NEW
F ACTSANDTHEORIES 1 75
As li g h tn e r vo u s d e r a n g e m e n to f o n e o f th e
m a n y
c o m p le x e s a s s o c i a te d w i th th e , a g e o f
p u be r ty m a y qu i te c o n c e i va bly e n d o w o c c a s i o n a l
c h i ld r e n w i th a tr a n s i e n tp o w e r o f p h y s i c a l
m e d i u m s h i p .
Th e n e x tp o i n ti s th e a c c u m u la to r y e f f e c to f
s u r r o u n d i n g s . He r e w e a r e ve r y m u c h i n th e
d a r k , bu tth e m a n i f e s ta ti o n s d o n o to c c u r u n -
le s s p h y s i c a lli m i ts , s u c h a s w a lls , a r e p r e s e n t
. ,
In a p o lte r g e i s te d h o u s e tw o u n c o n s c i o u s a g e n ts
o f th e a c ti vi ti e s m a y , p a r ti c u la r ly w h i le a s le e p ,
bu ta ls o w h i le a w a k e , s a tu r a te th e s u r r o u n d i n g s
w i th th i s p e c u li a r - f o r m o f e n e r g y .
Th e r e i s n o th i n g to s h o w th a tth i s vi ta li ty
c e a s e s w i th d e a th
; i tc e r ta i n ly c o n ti n u e s d u r -
i n g th e s ta te o f s le e p , a n d i f i ti s bo r n e i n m i n d
- th a te ve n w h e n th e s o u lh a s p a s s e d f r o m th e
bo d y a f te r d e a th , li f e - th a ti s to s a y , i n te n s e
ba c te r i a la c ti vi ty - c o n ti n u e s , i ti s c o n c e i va ble
th a t
th e c o n ti n u e d e x te n s i o n o f th i s f o r c e m a y
c o n ti n u e f r o m u n a s c e r ta i n e d p h y s i o lo g i c a lc o n -
d i ti o n s , a n d s o e x p la i n s o m e o f th e
ba f f li n g a n d
d i s tr e s s i n g p h e n o m e n a th a th a ve o c c u r r e d
i n
va u lts a n d g i ve n r i s e to th e th e o r y o f
bo d i e s
be i n g bu r i e d a li ve i n a c a ta le p ti c c o n d i ti o n
.
1 76

AMODERNOCCULTIST
Mo r e a d va n c e d s tu d e n ts w i lls e e i n th e f o r e -
g o i n g h y p o th e s i s th e e x p la n a ti o n o f c e r ta i n o b .
s c u r e te x ts r e la ti ve to th e Eg y p ti a n p r o c e s s e s
o f e m ba lm i n g , a n d o th e r r e li g i o u s r i tu a ls i n
c o n n e c ti o n ' w i th th e d i s p o s a lo f c o r p s e s . Th e
a n c i e n ts w e r e k e e n ly a w a r e o f c e r ta i n m o n
s tr o u s a f te r - d e a th p o s s i bi li ti e s w h i c h th e m o d -
e r n s i g n o r e .
Th i s , th e n , i s w h e r e th e th e o r y o f p o lte r g e i s t
m a n i f e s ta ti o n s s p li ts . Th e y a r e o f te n tr a c e -
a ble to
( a ) Un c o n s c i o u s p h y s i c a lm e d i u m s , u s u a lly
a d o le s c e n ts .
' ( b) ' In c e r ta i n d i f f i c u ltc a s e s th e h u m a n e le -
m e n th a s be e n e li m i n a te d , a n d th e o n ly
h y p o th e s i s i s th e s u d d e n m a n i f e s ta ti o n
o f a la te n tf o r c e d e r i ve d f r o m th e d e a d .
Its h o u ld be r e m e m be r e d th a tth e g r a ve s o f
s a i n ts be c o m e s h r i n e s a n d th a tm i r a c le s a r e a t-
tr i bu te d to th e m , a n d th a tc e r ta i n m o s tte r r i ble
va m p i r e p h e n o m e n a a r e a s s o c i a te d w i th s o m e
u n s a n c ti f i e d g r a ve s
.
J u s ta s th e h a i r a n d n a i ls o f s o m e c o r p s e s
c o n ti n u e to g r o w to e x tr a va g a n tle n g th s lo n g
a f te r d e a th , s o i n c e r ta i n c a s e s i ts e e m s a s i f
SOMENEW F ACTS. ANDTHEORIES 1 77
th e
c o r r u p ti o n o f th e f le s h w e r e a c c o m p a n i e d
by a tr a n s la ti o n o f th e r e s i d u a l vi ta lf o r c e o r
n e r vo u s e n e r g y - a s d i s ti n c tf r o m s o u lo r c o n -
s c i o u s n e s s - i n to f r e e p s y c h i c p o w e r
.
Th i s e n e r g y c a n a p p a r e n tly be s to r e d i n m a t-
te r s u c h a s w a lls , w o o d , e tc . , a n d s e e m s to h a ve
th e qu a li ty o f r e m a i n i n g la te n tu n ti ls o m e u n -
k n o w n c a u s e be g i n s to c h a n g e i tf r o m a s ta ti c
to ,
a " d y n a m i c " c o n d i ti o n .
Th e s o r c e r e r w h o p r o d u c e s e a r th f r o m a p a r -
ti c u la r g r a ve a n d w h o tr e a s u r e s u n h o ly m o r ta l
r e li e s o f e vi lm a n , i s p r a c ti s i n g m o r e
th a n a
m e r e s y m bo li s m . He
i s
u s i n g m a tte r w h o s e
ve r y bo d y n a y be i m p r e g n a te d w i th th a tp e -
c u li a r e s s e n c e o r f o r c e w h i c h i s th e ve h i c le o f
a llp s y c h i c p h e n o m e n a .
P e o p le w h o a r e i n te r e s te d i n s e r vi n g th e
P o w e r s o f Evi lh a ve s e d u lo u s ly p r o p a g a te d th e '
i d e a th a t, h o w e ve r m a li g n a n ta s tr a lp o w e r s m a y
be th e r e i s
a la w th a tth e y a n n o th a r m o r i n -
ju r e m o r ta ls . Th i s i s o n e o th o s e d a n g e r o u s
s ta te m e n ts th a tSp i r i tu a li s ts m a k e u s e o f w i th -
o u tk n o w i n g w h a tth e y a r e to g a bo u t. Th e s e
p o w e r s c a n be a n d o f te n h a e be e n a p p li e d to
th e m o s ts i n i s te r p u r p o s e s . J ti li z e d by a n y o n e
1 78

AMODERNOCCULTIST
w i th o c c u ltk n o w le d g e a n d e x p e r i e n c e th e y a r e
p r e g n a n tw i th s o u l- a n d bo d y - d e s tr o y i n g c a p a c i -
ti e s , a n d i ti s , f a i r to s a y th a tc e r ta i n o th e r
o c c u ltp o w e r s a r e th e le a s td e f e n c e a g a i n s t
th e m .
Ia m i n c li n e d to f a vo u r th e th e o r y th a ti n a ll
o a s e s o f p o lte r g e i s ts , w h e r e n o n - h u m a n s o u r c e s
o f p o w e r a r e
i n d i c a te d , c a r e f u lp s y c h i c a n a ly s i s
w i ll r e ve a l s o m e
i n a n i m a te m a tte r w h i c h h a s
be e n i n c o n ta c tw i th e i th e r e vi l- li vi n g m o r ta li ty
o r th e d e a d , a n d i s s e r vi n g a s th e f o c u s a n d
r e s e r vo i r o f th e f o r c e
. Th e p o w e r a p p e a r s to
be s p o r a d i c a n d c u m u la ti ve , bu ti tc a n be d e -
s tr o y e d o r d i s s i p a te d bo th by m a te r i a la n d ,
by o c c u ltm e a n s i f i tc a n be tr a c e d to i ts
s o u r c e .
Th e la te n tc u m u la ti ve e f f e c to f s u c h a n e vi l
r e li c m a y p o s s i bly s ti m u la te th e e x te n s i o n o f
p s y c h o p la s m by u n c o n s c i o u s m e d i u m s br o u g h t
w i th i n i ts s p h e r e o f i n f lu e n c e
. Th i s s e e m s i n d i -
c a te d w h e r e a n e x c h a n g e o f p h y s i c a lm e d i u m s
i n th e o n e , c e n tr e o f i n f le c ti o n h a s p r o d u c e d
p a r a lle lr e s u lts
. Th e r e i s a ls o s o m e g r o u n d
f o r s u p p o s i n g th a tth e p h a s e s o f th e m o o n a f -
f e c tth e m a n i f e s ta ti o n .
SOMENEW F ACTSANDTHEORIES1 79
Ii s , o f c o u r s e , f a s h i o n a ble to d e r i d e th e
m o o n , bu ta n y s e a s i d e ` d o c to r w i lla d m i tth a t
h i s p a ti e n ts d i e w i th th e e bbo f th e ti d e ; a n d ,
f u r th e r , i ti s h i g h ly ' i llo g i c a lto s u p p o s e th a ta n
i n f lu e n c e w h i c h c a n a f f e c tth e va s tm a s s e s o f th e
ti d e s i s w i th o u ti ts i n f lu e n c e o n th e te n u o u s
f lu i d s o f vi ta li ty .
Th e lu n a r e f f e c ti s p r o ba bly d u e to a s c r e e n -
i n g o r p r o je c ti o n o f s p e c i f i c s o la r o r e th e r e a l
vi br a ti o n s be lo w th e r a n g e w h i c h w e s e e a s
li g h ta n d c o lo u r a n d a bo ve th a tw h i c h w e r e c o g -
n i z e a s e le c tr i c a lp h e n o m e n a .
" Th e s i m p le u n d i r e c te d e n e r g y d i s p la y o f a
p o lte r g e i s tp h e n o m e n o n m a y be c o n ve r te d i n to
a s p e c i f i c a lly m a li g n a n tp h e n o m e n o n . Th e
e n e r g y m a y be u s e d to f o r m a ve h i c le f o r a n
e vo k e d e le m e n ta ls u c c u bu s o r i n c u bu s , o r m i g h t
u n d e r c e r ta i n d i f f e r e n tc o n d i ti o n s be s i m i la r ly
u ti li z e d to a c c o m m o d a te o r m a te r i a li z e a ' f a m i l-
i a r ' o f a h i g h e r o r d e r , " s a y s Du c h e s n e , w r i ti n g
o f s o m e r e s e a r c h e s c a r r i e d o u ti n th e V a r , " bu t
Ia m s ti lla ta lo s s to k n o w w h a ti n d u c e s th e
p h e n o m e n a to a p p e a r w i th s u c h f u lm i n a n t
e n e r g y a n d p u r p o s e le s s c o m m e n c e m e n t . "
1 8 0

AMODERN- OCCULTIST
Ap e c u li a r c a s e o f p o lte r g e i s to c c u r r e d i n
He r tf o r d s h i r e la s ts p r i n g . * Th e f a r m ba i li f f o f
a h o m e f a r m c o m p la i n e d th a th i s c o tta g e , w h i c h
lo o k e d o u to n th e y a r d o f th e f a r m s te a d , h a d
be c o m e i n to le r a ble
. Cr o c k e r y w a s s m a s h e d o n
th e d r e s s e r , p o ts a n d p a n s f le w a bo u tw h i le n o -
bo d y to u c h e d th e m , a n d w h e n th e w h o le f a m i ly
w e r e a tm i d d a y lu n c h i n th e i r li vi n g - r o o m a
k e ttle o f bo i li n g w a te r w h i c h w a s s i m m e r i n g
o n th e k i tc h e n e r h o bw a s br o u g h tth r o u g h a n
a d jo i n i n g o p e n d o o r a n d s la m m e d d o w n a m o n g
th e d i n e r s a tth e ta ble w i th o u ts p i lli n g a d r o p .
Sto n e s w e r e , th r o w n , w i n d o w s br o k e n , a n d
e ve n be d c lo th e s s n a tc h e d o f f . Iw e n td o w n , i n
r e s p o n s e to a n i n vi ta ti o n by th e o w n e r o f th e
e s ta te a n d s o o n c o n vi n c e d m y s e lf th a tth e p h e -
n o m e n a w e r e a u th e n ti c .
Th e f a m i ly c o n s i s te d o f th e ba i li f f , h i s w i f e ,
a g i r lo f f o u r te e n , a n d a s o n o f tw e n ty . Th e
la tte r w a s n o tm u c h i n th e h o u s e , be i n g a bo u t
o n th e h i lls w i th th e s h e e p , a s i tw a s la m bi n g
ti m e .
P r e vi o u s e x p e r i e n c e le d o n e to s u s p e c tth e
g i r l, w h o s e e m e d qu i te h o n e s ta n d ve r y f r i g h t-
* Au th o r ' s n o te , 1 9 1 2 .
SOMENEW F ACTS
All)
THEORIES1 8 1
e n e d a tth e o c c u r r e n c e s
. My h o s t a n d Iw e r e
p e r s o n a l w i tn e s s e s o f f ly i n g s to n e s a n d s ti ll
m o r e r e m a r k a ble th e s c a tte r i n g o f a bi g s h e a f
o f s tr a w .
Th e s h e a f w a s be i n g c a r r i e d f r o m th e ba r n
to , th e c o w - h o u s e by th e g i r lh e r s e lf a ta bo u t
th r e e i n th e a f te r n o o n . W e w e r e ta lk i n g to th e
ba i li f f ' s w i f e
. Su d d e n ly th e g i r ls to p p e d a n d
th e bi g bu n d le o f s tr a w s e e m e d to be li f te d o u t
o f h e r a r m s a tle a s ttw o f e e ta bo ve h e r h e a d .
Itba la n c e d f o r a m o m e n to r tw o li k e a c a p ti ve
g a s '
ba llo o n , th e n w h i r le d i n to th o u s a n d s o f
s e p a r a te s tr a w s w h i c h f le w a lla bo u tth e y a r d .
No c o n c e i va ble tr i c k o f w i n d - a n d i tw a s a
w e tti s h , w i n d le s s d a y - n o r a n y h u m a n e f f o r t
c o u ld h a ve a c c o m p li s h e d i t . Th e tr u s s bu r s t
li k e a s h e ll, s o m e o f th e s tr a w s f ly i n g r i g h t
o ve r th e r o o f s o f th e o u tbu i ld i n g s .
Th e te r r i f i e d g i r lbu r s ti n to te a r s a n d r a n to
h e r m o th e r f o r c o m f o r ta n d p r o te c ti o n
.
Th a tn i g h tw e s e n tth e g i r la w a y , a n d th o u g h
m a n i f e s ta ti o n s c o n ti n u e d f o r a n o th e r tw o d a y s ,
th e s e w e r e o f d e c r e a s i n g vi o le n c e .
Th e c o tta g e . w a s o n ly a f e w y e a r s o ld a n d n o
d e a th s h a d o c c u r r e d th e r e , bu tth e f a r m s te a d
1 8 2

A 1 J OD1 I
NOCCULTIST
w a s a ve r y
o ld o n e , th e e s ta te h a vi n g a c o n -
n e c te d h i s to r y to p r e - Tu d o r ti m e s . Iw a s
p u z z le d to f i n d a n y c lu e to th e e x c i ti n g c a u s e
o f th e tr o u ble .
Iw e n to ve r th e w h o le p la c e m o s tc a r e f u lly ,
bu tf o u n d n o th i n g to g u i d e m e , a n d a tla s t
tu r n e d m y a tte n ti o n to th e s tr u c tu r e o f th e
c o tta g e . Ac e r ta i n i n tu i ti o n o r p s y c h i c s u s c e p -
ti bi li ty le d m e to s u s p e c to n e o f th e bi g k i tc h e n
r a f te r s w h i c h s u p p o r te d th e c e i li n g o f th e
k i tc h e n a n d th e f lo o r o f th e g i r l' s r o o m . -
On i n qu i r y If o u n d th a tth e a r c h i te c tw h o h a d
d e s i g n e d th e n e w bu i ld i n g s h a d e m p lo y e d a
lo c a lc o n tr a c to r a n d u s e d o ld r e d br i c k s a n d
o ld ti m be r w h e r e ve r p o s s i ble i n o r d e r to p r e -
s e r ve th e o ld - f a s h i o n e d e f f e c tg i ve n by w e a th -
e r e d c o lo u r s .
Itw a s n o td i f f i c u ltto tr a c e th e m a te r i a l ; - th e
lo c a lc o n tr a c to r ' s f o r e m a n to ld _ u s a to n c e
w h e r e i th a d c o m e f r o m .
" Its to o d i n o u r y a r d h e r e f o r te n y e a r s o r
m o r e be f o r e w e p u ti ti n to th e n e w bu i ld i n g s , "
s a i d th e f o r e m a n , " a n d i tc o m e to u s w h e n w e
p u lle d d o w n Bla c k le y Old Gr a n g e . "
" W h a tk i n d o f a p la c e w a s th a ti "
s a i d I.
SOMENEW
F ACTSANDTHEORIES1 8 3
` P r i va te m a d h o u s e a t th e la s t, " h e a n -
s w e r e d .
" Th e o w n e r w a s a d o c to r a n d h e w e n t
m a d a n d h a n g e d h i m s e lf , h e d i d , a f te r k i lli n g
o n e o f th e p a ti e n ts a m o n th be f o r e
. , , , He h a n g e d
h i m s e lf ju s tbe f o r e th e vi s i to r s w a s e x p e c te d to
s e e th e p a ti e n th e h a d k i lle d
. "
Re s e a r c h c a r r i e d u s n o f u r th e r , e x c e p tth a tI
le a r n tth a tth e m u r d e r e d p a ti e n tla y f o r a
m o n th i n th e r o o m i n w h i c h s h e w a s ' k i lle d be -
f o r e th e c r i m e w a s f o u n d o u t, a f te r th e m a n ' s
s u i c i d e . Itw a s i m p o s s i ble to tr a c e th e be a m to
i ts p o s i ti o n , bu t
,
Ig a th e r e d th a tth e d o c to r
h a n g e d h i m s e lf f r o m a w i n d o w ba r o r c u r ta i n
h o o k , n o tf r o m th e be a m .
Ia m i n c li n e d to be li e ve th a tth e a bs o r p ti o n
o f f o r c e ta k e s p la c e f r o m p r o lo n g e d c o n ta c t
w i th th e e m a n a ti o n o f th e d e a d r a th e r th a n '
f r o m th e ; tr a n s i e n ti m p r e s s i o n o f c o n s c i o u s
th o u g h ts , bu tth e r e w a s n o f u r th e r r e c r u d e s -
e e n c e o f th e tr o u ble w h e n a n i r o n g i r d e r w a s
s u bs ti tu te d f o r th e be a m , a n d th e g i r l, w h e n ,
br o u g h tba c k , w a s p e r f e c tly n o r m a l.
I, e x p e r i m e n te d w i th th e g i r lla te r , bu td i d
n o tf i n d th a ts h e p o s s e s s e d a n y m a r k e d g i f ts ,
i
1 8 4

AMODERNOCCULTIST
a lth o u g h s h e w a s i n d u bi ta bly a g o o d h y p n o ti c
s u bje c t. Th e be a m , o r r a th e r a s e c ti o n o f i t,
Is e c u r e d f o r th e p u r p o s e s o f r e s e a r c h , th e r e -
m a i n d e r w a s bu r n t, "
An o th e r p u z z li n g i f p o p u la r s u bje c ti s th a t
o f s p i r i tp h o to g r a p h s . . ' Ih a ve h a n d le d s c o r e s
o f th e m , bu th a ve n e ve r y e tc o m e a c r o s s o n e i n
w h i c h a llp o s s i bi li ty o f i n g e n i o u s f r a u d h a s be e n n
e n ti r e ly e li m i n a te d .
Ce r ta i n p e o p le h a ve c la i m e d p e c u li a r g i f ts ,
bu ti n n o c a s e h a s a s a ti s f a c to r y r e s u ltbe e n
o bta i n e d a ta g e n u i n e te s t- s e a n c e , w h e r e s c i e n -
ti f i c p r e c a u ti o n s h a ve be e n o bs e r ve d .
If a n y o n e h a s th i s g i f ti tc a n be d e m o n s tr a te d
e a s i ly . Th e s tu d i o m u s tbe n e u tr a lg r o u n d -
th a ti s to s a y , th e r o o m m u s tn o tbe th e c la i m -
a n t' s h a bi tu a ls tu d i o . Th e c a m e r a m u s tbe p r o -
vi d e d by th e te s te r s , a s , a ls o th e d a r k s li d e a n d
p la te s . Th e m e d i u m m u s tbe s tr i p p e d p e r f e c tly
n a k e d a n d th e s a m e r u le s h o u ld a p p ly to th e
te s ti n g c o m m i tte e i f i ti n c lu d e s a n y o n e k n o w n
* V a lu a ble d a ta w e r e g a i n e d by e x p e r i m e n tw i th th i s d i s a s -
tr o u s r e li c . Th e y a r e n o ts u i ta ble f o r p u bli c a ti o n a tth i s
s ta g e , a n d Ile a r n tr e c e n tly o f s i m i la r o bje c ti o n a ble a ttr i bu te s
a s s o c i a te d w i th a ba ttle f i e ld s o u ve n i r f r o m n e a r Y p r e s .
SAMENEW F ACTSANDTHEORIES1 8 5
to
th e m e d i u m . He _ s h o u ld n o t be a llo w e d to
to u c h
p la te s , d a r k s li d e , o r c a m e r a e x c e p tw h e n
n a k e d " a n d u n d e r c lo s e s c r u ti n y
.
De ve lo p m e n ts h o u ld be c a r r i e d o u t
. u n d e r
te s tc o n d i ti o n s a tth e n e a r e s tc h e m i s t' s d a r k
r o o m .
Th e r e i s n o k n o w n s p i r i tu a lla w w h i c h s h o u ld
le a d u s to th i n k th a ta p s y c h o g r a p h o r s p i r i t
p h o to g r a p h i s a p o s s i bi li ty , a n d u n ti lth e m a tte r
h a s be e n te s te d by a p r o p e r ly qu a li f i e d
bo d y o f
m e n a lls u c h p h o to g r a p h s a r e o p e n to th e g ± a v
e s ts u s p i c i o n .
Mo n e y - m a k i n g i s n o tth e o n ly m o ti ve f o r
f r a u d , a n d m a n y o f
th e f a k e r s a r e o f te n m o r e
a n x i o u s to bu i ld u p a bo g u s r e p u ta ti o n f o r
I
( m y s te r y w o r k i n g " th a n to m a k e a d i r e c tp r o f i t
o n th e tr a n s a c ti o n
.
Th e a ve n u e s o f f r a u d a r e s o n u m e r o u s th a t
i ti s o n ly p o s s i ble to i n d i c a te a f e w o f
th e
m e th o d s a d o p te d to d e c e i ve th e c r e d u lo u s
.
Th e s p i r i tp h o to g r a p h i s d e e m e d
to be g e n u -
i n e i f i ti s ta k e n u n d e r c o n d i ti o n s w h i c h a n
a ve r a g e e x p e r tp h o to g r a p h e r h o ld s to be f r a u d -
p r o o f . Th e ; w e a k n e s s o f th e w h o le c a s e li e s i n
th e f a c tth a tth e y - c a n n o tbe o bta i n e d u n d e r
1 8 6

AMODERNOCCULTIST
g e n u i n e s c i e n ti f i c , a s o p p o s e d to
a m a te u r , e a t
c o n d i ti o n s .
In a w o r d , th e s p i r i tIm a g e i s i m p r i n te d o n
th e n e g a ti ve u n d e r c o n d i ti o n s n o tn o r m a lly
s u s -
p e c te d by th e p h o to g r a p h e r s
.
Th e r e a r e s e ve r a lm e th o d s o f ' a tta i n i n g , th e
r e s u lt, e ve n w h e n th e p h o to g r a p h e r br i n g s h i s
o w n p la te s a n d d a r k s li d e s a n d h i s o w n
c a m e r a .
F i r s t
i s th e ba c k g r o u n d tr i c k . An a c i d s o lu -
ti o n o f s u lp h a te o f qu i n i n e i s i n vi s i ble to th e
e y e , bu ts h o w s i n th e p h o to g r a p h
. " P h e -
n o m e n a " p a i n te d o n th e w a llo r n e a r by th e
o bje c ts a p p e a r i n th e p h o to g r a p h th o u g h i n -
vi s i ble to th e e y e .
Se c o n d i s
th e c o n ta c tp r o c e s s by w h i c h a
s m a lln e g a ti ve o f th e " s p i r i t" f a c e i s m o u n te d
o n a ba c k g r o u n d o f c a r d p r e p a r e d w i th r a d i o -
a c ti ve s a lts o lu ti o n
. Ma n y o f th e s e s a lts a r e
r i c h
i n i n f r a - r e d r a y s w h i c h w i llp r o je c ta n
i m a g e th r o u g h a m e ta ld a r k s li d e
. Th e
' m e d i u m " h a s o n ly to h a n d le th e d a r k s li d e
d u r i n g th e s i tti n g o r th e p la te i n th e d a r k r o o m
p r e vi o u s to d e ve lo p m e n t, i n o r d e r to m a k e a
c o n ta c ti m a g e
.
SOMENEW F ACTSANDT$EORIES1 8 7,
Ac r u d e r va r i a ti o n o f th i s ,
th e ° e le c tr i o - p e n c i l
f la s h li g h tw i th a r u bbe r c u p o ve r th e e n d c o n -
ta i n i n g th e " s p i r i tf a c e " n e g a ti ve c o n ta c tw i th
th e e x p o s e d p la te , i s a c h i e ve d i n th e d a r k r o o m
.
Th e i n s tr u m e n tli e s h i d d e n i n th e m e d i u m ' s
s le e ve s .
Th e
th i r d m e th o d i s th a tm o s tc o m m o n ly
u s e d
. Th e " s p i r i ti m a g e " i s p r o je c te d th r o u g h
a m i n u te le n s i n a h o le i n th e
w a ll o f th e s tu d i o .
Th e
be a m o f li g h ti s s o m e ti m e s p a s s e d th r o u g h
a p r i s m s e r i e s i n o r d e r to a llo w a r o o m p a r a lle l
to th e s tu d i o to be u s e d f o r th e p u r p o s e o f p r o -
je c ti n g , a n d i ti s p o s s i ble f o r th e a p p a r a tu s to
be a r r a n g e d i n s i d e a p i e c e o f f u r n i tu r e i n th e
s tu d i o .
Th e s i tte r u s u a lly h a s h i s ba c k to th e s o u r c e
o f th e p r o je c ti o n a n d th e " m e d i u m " ta k e s th e
p h o to g r a p h a n d m a k e s th e e x p o s u r e , s o th e
f r a u d i s c h i ld i s h ly e a s y .
Eve n e x p e r tp h o to g r a p h e r s a r e f o o le d by th i s
tr i c k , a s th e y a r e s a ti s f i e d th a ti f p la te s , s li d e ,
a n d c a m e r a a r e n o tta m p e r e d w i th , f r a u d i s
i m p o s s i ble
.
W h e n s te r e o s c o p i c c a m e r a s w i th tw i n le n s e s
a r e u s e d th e f r a u d i s m a n i f e s t
. So m e ti m e s th e
1 8 8

AMODERNOCCULTIST
f a k e r s tr y h a r d to g e t a n i m a g e i n to ' e a c h
h a lf o f th e p la te , bu tn e ve r a r e th e " s p i r i t
i m a g e s " i n th e s a m e r e la ti ve p o s i ti o n o r
p la n e .
If th e s i tte r s a r e w e llk n o w n i t
i s n o td i f f i c u lt
f o r p h o to g r a p h s o f d e c e a s e d r e la ti ve s to be
o bta i n e d a n d th e s p i r i t n e g a ti ve m a d e f r o m - th e
p h o to g r a p h . In m a n y c a s e s r e p r o d u c ti o n o f
n e w s p a p e r h a lf to n e blo c k s h a ve be e n f o u n d o n
s o - c a lle d s p i r i tp i c tu r e s .
Th e s e s h o w th e d i a -
m o n d p a tte r n s o f th e s c r e e n a n d a r e o bvi o u s
f a k e s , bu ta r e a c c e p te d by m a n y u n c r i ti c a lbe -
li e ve r s .
In th e c a s e o f a n u n k n o w n s i tte r , s tr a n g e
blu r r e d f a c e s o r p e r f e c ts tr a n g e r s a r e th r o w n
o n to th e p la te a n d e x c u s e d a s " g u a r d i a n
a n g e ls
. "
W h e n th e m e d i u m ' s o w n a p p a r a tu s o r d a r k
r o o m i s u s e d th e r e a r e e n d le s s w a y s o f f a k i n g , -
bu ti ti s th e s e m e th o d s o f f a k i n g a n i m a g e w i th -
o u tr a i s i n g th e o r d i n a r y p h o to g r a p h e r ' s s u s -
p i c i o n s th a ta r e i n te r e s ti n g .
Th e w h o le bu s i n e s s i s a c r u e la n d h e a r tle s s
f r a u d , bu tth e d u p e s a r e n o tr e a lly d e s e r vi n g
o f p i ty . If th e r e w a s a w o r d o f tr u th i n th e
SOMENEW F ACTS
. ANDTHEORIES1 8 9
c la i m o f " s p i r i t p h o to g r a p h e r s " th e ' te s ti m o n y
o f a n o f f i c i a lte s tby a r e p u ta ble c o m m i tte e o f
th e Ro y a l P h o to g r a p h i c So c i e ty w o u ld s e ttle
th e qu e s ti o n o n c e a n d f o r
a ll
.
My th s a n d le g e n d h a ve g r o w n u p r o u n d s p i r i t
p h o to g r a p h s ti llSp i r i tu a li s ts h a ve a tla s tc o m e
to be li e ve i n th e i r g e n u i n e n e s s . Y e tth e w h o le
o f th e i r be li e f r e s ts o n n o th i n g s tr o n g e r th a n
th e " m i r a c u lo u s n e s s " o f a c o n ju r i n g tr i c k
. A
g o o d s le i g h t- o f - h a n d e x p e r tc a n a c c o m p li s h
c a r d o r o th e r tr i c k s w h i c h s e e m p e r f e c tly i n -
e x p li c a ble td th e la y m a n , bu tw e d o n o ta c c la i m
th e m a s e vi d e n c e s o f s p i r i tp o w e r be c a u s e w e
a r e d e c e i ve d by th e m .
Th e s p i r i tp h o to g r a p h e r s d e p lo r e a n d a vo i d
i n ve s ti g a ti o n by r e a lly e f f i c i e n ts c i e n ti f i c m e n .
Th e y w e lc o m e th e a m a te u r w i th h a lf - k n o w le d g e ,
a s h i s ve r y c o c k s u r e n e s s r e n d e r s h i m a n e a s i e r
d u p e . He c o n c e n tr a te s o n th e o bvi o u s r o a d s ' to
f r a u d , i g n o r i n g th o s e w h i c h li e w i th o u tth e s le n -
d e r , r e a lm o f h i s k n o w le d g e .
Th e p h e n o m e n a - o f w h a tm a y be c a lle d li g h t-
le s s p h o to g r a p h y w e r e lo n g a g o d e s c r i be d by
Dr . Gu s ta ve le . Bo n , * - w h o d e s c r i be s i li s ta n -
* Th e Evo lu ti o n o f F o r c e s . Gu s ta ve le Bo n .
1 9 0

A
MODERN- OCCULTIST
ta n e o u s p h o to g r a p h y by Bla c k - li g h t. " In c i -
d e n ta lly a c o m m o n i n c a n d e s c e n tg a s m a n tle
p o s s e s s e s qu i te e n o u g h r a d i o a c ti ve p r o p e r ti e s
f o r o r d i n a r y e x p e r i m e n ts .
Iti s o n ly by th e d e s tr u c ti o n o f f r a u d u le n t
p h e n o m e n a th a tth e p h e n o m e n a w i ll
be r i g h tly
u n d e r s to o d a n d g e n e r a lly a c c e p te d . Th e Sp i r - ,
i tu a li s tw h o a c c e p ts a n d bo ls te r s u p d u bi o u s
p h e n o m e n a . d o e s f a r m o r e h a r m to h i s o w n
c a u s e th a n th e m o s tp r o n o u n c e d s c e p ti c .
Th e m a i n p o i n ta bo u ts p u r i o u s s p i r i tp h o to g -
r a p h y i s th i s . Itc la i m s th a tm e c h a n i c a lc h e m i -
c a lr e la ti o n s a r e p r o d u c e d by s p i r i ta g e n c y -
y e tth o u g h th i s c h e m i c a lr e a c ti o n i s s a i d to be
p r o d u c e d w i th e a s e , by c e r ta i n i n d i vi d u a ls a n d
c i r c le s , i tf li n c h e s f r o m f a c i n g a s i m p le te s t
w h i c h w o u ld , i f p r o ve d to be tr u e , c o n ve r tth e
bu lk o f th e s c e p ti c a lw o r ld to a n a c c e p ta n c e o f
th e tr u th o f s p i r i tp h o to g r a p h y .
Ih a ve . m e tm a n y c r e d u lo u s f o lk w h o c h e r i s h
blu r r e d p la te s , o bvi o u s d o u ble e x p o s u r e s , ` ° a c -
c i d e n ts , " s u c h
a s i m p e r f e c tly c le a n e d p la te s
a n d e ve n th e m o s tbla ta n ts w i n d le s
. No th i n g
ta n s h a k e th e i r c o n vi c ti o n s - bu tc r e d u li ty d o e s
n o th i n g to p r o ve f a c t.
SOMENEW F ACTSANDTHEORIES1 9 1
Mr . Ga m bi e r Bo lto n h a s Ex p e r i m e n te d ,
f o r
.
y e a r s w i th s p i r i tp h o to g r a p h y , bu th a s s o f a r
o bta i n e d n o th i n g e x c e p t p la te s be a r i n g i n d i c a -
ti o n s o f a r a d i a n te n e r g y s i m i la r to th e N- r a y s
o f Be c qu e r e l. Ma n y e x p e r tp h o to g r a p h e r s
i n -
te r e s te d i n p s y c h i c m a tte r s a g r e e th a tth e tr u e
s p i r i tp h o to g r a p h y d o e s n o te x i s ta n d a c a n -
va s s o f bo th p r e s s a n d s tu d i o p h o to g r a p h e r s
w h o a r e e x p e r ts i n th e i r p r o f e s s i o n r e ve a ls th e
s a m e u n h e s i ta ti n g e x p r e s s i o n o f o p i n i o n . Th e
-
s a m e o p i n i o n i s h e ld n o to n ly by th e p r o f e s -
s i o n a la n d te c h n i c a lla y e le m e n t, bu tby o c c u l-
ti s ts a n d s tu d e n ts o f r e s e a r c h w h o s e s ta n d a r d
o f p s y c h i c k n o w le d g e i s i n f i n i te ly
h i g h e r th a n
th a to f th e Sp i r i tu a li s ts .
Th e a u r a w h i c h s u r r o u n d s th e h u m a n f o r m i s
vi s i ble to c e r ta i n p e o p le , bu tth e f a c u lty f o r s e e -
i n g th e a u r a d o e s n o tn e c e s s a r i ly i n vo lve th e
p o s s e s s i o n o f a n y p s y c h i c g i f ts a ta lla n d i s
o f te n a n i n d i c a ti o n o f a s li g h td e g r e e o f , c o lo u r -
bli n d n e s s .
Th e o r d i n a r y p h o to g r a p h i c p la te r e p r e s e n ts
. c o lo u r s d i f f e r e n tly ` to th e i r r e la ti ve va lu e s a s
s e e n by th e h u m a n e y e , a n d i n o r d e r to g e t
th e
1 9 2

AMODERNOCCULTIST
tr u e e f f e c tc e r ta i n d y e s a r e m i x e d w i th th e
e m u ls i o n o f th e p la te s , o r d y e d s c r e e n s w h i c h
e li m i n a te c e r ta i n r a y s
a r e i n te r p o s e d be tw e e n
th e le n s a n d th e o bje c t.
Th e n o r m a li n d i vi d u a lc a n n o ts e e th e a u r a ,
bu ta s i m p le c h e m i c a ld e vi c e w i llp u th i m o n a
p a r w i th th e be s tn a tu r a la u r a d i s c e r n e r . ,
If a n a r r o w g la s s tr o u g h o r a n o blo n g c le a r
c r y s ta lg la s s b
o ttle . i s f i lle d w i th a d i lu te s o lu -
ti o n o f th e d y e d i - c y a n i n * w h i c h d i s s o lve s
r e a d i ly i n a bs o lu te a lc o h o l ; th a ti s , a llth e a p p a -
r a tu s n e c e s s a r y
.
Th e s u bje c tw h o s e a u r a i s to be i n s p e c te d
s h o u ld be p la c e d a g a i n s ta , bla c k o r n e u tr a l
ba c k g r o u n d o p p o s i te a
s o u r c e o f i llu m i n a ti o n ,
p r e f e r a bly a n o r th - f a c i n g w i n d o w
.
Th e o bs e r ve r th e n ta k e s th e bo ttle o f blu e
s o lu ti o n a n d g a z e s th r o u g h i ta tth e c le a r s k y
f o r a
. p e r i o d o f s o m e m i n u te s . Th i s s e r ve s to
e li m i n a te th e r e ti n a li m p r e s s i o n o f c e r ta i n o f
th e n o r m a lli g h tr a y s a n d r e n d e r s th e o b-
s e r ve r ' s e y e s s e n s i ti ve to vi br a ti o n s o r r a y s n o t
* Us e d i n g o lo u r s c r e e n m a k i n g f o r p h o to g r a p h y , a n d p o i s o n -
o u s
. So m e g la s s e s u s e d i n bo ttle m a k i n g a r e n o ts u i ta ble , bu t
a tr i a lo f o n e o r tw o s u i ta bly s h a p e d o n e s w i lla lw a y s r e ve a l
o n e th a tw o r k s Allr i g h t
.
SOMENEW F ACTSANDTHEORIES1 9 3
n o r i u a lly p e r c e p ti ble a n d s ti m u la te s a n a b-
n o r m a la c u te n e s s o f vi s i o n
.
Th e r o o m s h o u ld n o w be e n ti r e ly d a r k e n e d ,
a n d a s s o o n a s th e e y e s h a ve r e c o ve r e d th e i r
" o w ls i g h t" th e bo d y o f th e s u bje c tw i llbe
s e e n to be ' s u r r o u n d e d by a n e n ve lo p e o f vi -
br a to r y e x h a la ti o n s w h o s e c o lo u r va r i e s w i th
d i f f e r e n ti n d i vi d u a ls a n d c h a n g e s u n d e r s tr e s s
o f e m o ti o n .
Su g g e s ti o n o r _ h y p n o s i s e x e r c i s e s ve r y p e -
c u li a r e f f e c ts o n th i s a u r a , w h i c h w o u ld s e e m to
be , i f n o ta n e c to p la s m a p s y c h o p la s m i n i ts e lf ,
y e tth e i n vi s i ble ve h i c le w h i c h i s c a p a ble o f
be i n g s e p a r a te d f r o m th e m a te r i a lbo d y a n d
f o r m i n g th e a s tr a lbo d y .
Th e a u r a vi br a ti o n a n d th e Be c qu e r e lo r
N- r a y s a r e c lo s e ly c o n n e c te d , a n d
th e s c i e n ti f i c
h y p o th e s i s s u g g e s ts th a tth e s e r a y s a r e i n th e
s c a le ju s ta bo ve th e i n f r a - vi o le t.
Th e s i m p le i n s tr u m e n ti n d i c a te d a bo ve h a s
c e r ta i n th e r a p e u ti c va lu e s i n th e d i a g n o s i s o f
i lln e s s , bu ti s a ls o i n va lu a ble f o r th e p s y c h i c
a n a ly s i s o f h a u n ti n g s , c a s e s ' o f
u n c o n s c i o u s
m e d i u m s h i p , a n d o th e r m a tte r s .
, CHAP TERXI
ORIENTALOCCULTISM
THE
Or i e n th i d e s m a n y , s e c r e ts o f o c c u lti s m ,
a n d i ti s a lm o s t a p la ti tu d e th a tth e f e w s e c r e ts
th a tth e W e s th a s p a i n f u lly d e c i p h e r e d h a ve
be e n k n o w n f o r a llti m e to th e Ea s t- a n d a r e
n o th i n g r e m a r k a ble .
Th i s i s o n e o f th o s e la r g e g e s tu r e s o f s p e e c h
th a tc o n ta i n a h a lf - tr u th a n d p a s s f o r a w h o le
tr u th . Iti s o n a p a r w i th th e s ta te m e n tth a t_
a llCh i n e s e bu s i n e s s m e n a r e h o n e s t- - w h i c h
th e y a r e n o t. Or i e n ta lo c c u lti s m i s f a r to o va s t
a s u bje c tto be a c c e p te d o r d i s m i s s e d a s s u m -
m a r i ly a s th i s , bu to n e th i n g i s c e r ta i n a n d th a t
i s th a tOr i e n ta lo c c u lts y s te m s a r e n o ts u i ta ble
to th e W e s te r n m a n
.
Th e r e a r e o n e o r tw o c a r d i n a lp o i n ts th a tm a y
be g r a s p e d a to n e
. F i r s tly , th e e x i le d n a ti ve
i n a W e s te r n c o u n tr y w h o c la i m s o c c u ltp o w e r s
a n d th e g i f to f be i n g a ble to te a c h a n d tr a n s m i t
th e m i s a lw a y s a n d i n va r i a bly a f a k i r o f th e
1 9 4
ORIENTALOCCULTISM

1 9 5
lo w e s t k i n d . He i s u s u a lly a lo w - c a s te a n d d i s -
r e p u ta ble n a ti ve o r h a lf - br e e d , a n d i tm a y be
a c c o u n te d to h i s c r e d i tth a ta f te r a llh e i s n o t
e x p e c te d to k n o w a n y be tte r
. Hi s d u p e s , o n th e
o th e r h a n d , th e w h i te m e n a n d w o m e n th a t
li s te n to h i s ba ld e r d a s h a n d s i ta th i s s e a n c e s ,
a r e e ve n g u i lti e r p a r ti e s th a n h e i s . Th e y a t
le a s to u g h tto k n o w be tte r th a n to li s te n to th e
f i r s tbla c k - a n d - ta n " Sw a m i " o r " Gu r u " th a t
e s ta bli s h e s a bo g u s ta be r n a c le i n th e ba c k w a te r s
o f Ba lh a m o r Ba y s w a te r .
Th e s e c o n d p o i n ti s th a tth e tr u e Ea s te r n o c -
c u lti s t, w h a te ve r li i s g r a d e o f a d e p ts h i p i n h i s
m y s te r i e s , n e ve r p r a c ti s e s a n y o f h i s a r ts o r
k n o w le d g e f o r m o n e y
o r e qu i va le n tr e w a r d .
Th i s i s a le s s o n w h i c h m i g h tw e ll, be le a r n e d
by th e f r a te r n i ty o f m e d i u m s a n d s o - c a lle d o c -
c u lti s ts th a ti n f e s tLo n d o n a n d o th e r g r e a t
c i ti e s a th o m e a n d a br o a d .
Am e d i u m
i n r e c e i p to f f e e s f o r s e a n c e s o r
le c tu r e s w i lln e ve r a n d c a n n e ve r d e ve lo p h i s o r
h e r p o w e r s , be y o n d th e s ta g e a tw h i c h th e y h a ve
a r r i ve d w h e n i tbe c o m e s p o s s i ble to u s e th e m a s
a d i r e c to r i n d i r e c tm e a n s o f m a k i n g m o n e y
.
In th e Ea s tth i s i s r e a li z e d , a n d th e vo w o f
1 9 6

AMODERNOCCULTIST
p o ve r ty i s m o r e th a n a , m e ta p h o r , bu tth e y
c la i m th a ti ti s a p o ve r ty o f th e bo d y f u lly r e -
p a i d by r i c h e s o f th e s o u l .
P r a c ti c a lly th e w h o le o f Hi n d u o c c u lti s m i s
be s td e s c r i be d a s p e c u li a r m e th o d s o f s e lf - h y p -
n o s i s w i th th e o bje c to f p r o vo k i n g s ta te s o f
bli s s a n d e c s ta s y
. Iti s ' u p o n th e ba s i s o f th e i n -
d u c ti o n o f th e s e p e c u li a r p h e n o m e n a th a tn i n e ty
p e r c e n t
. o f th e Br a h m i n r e li g i o u s c u lts a r e
e s ta bli s h e d
. By o n e p a th o r a n o th e r th e va r i -
o u s be li e f s a tta i n e a r n e s to f f u lf i lln e n t, bu tth e
p r i m a r y c a u s e s o f
th e s e p s y c h i c a lp h e n o m e n a
a r e p h y s i o lo g i c a l
i n o r i g i n .
Th i s m a te r i a lp a th to s p i r i tu a ls u c c e s s i s a d -
m i tte d a n d g lo s s e d o ve r a s be i n g bu tp a r to f th e
m y s te r y
. No n e th e le s s , th e r e i s li ttle to s h o w
th a ta n y th i n g be y o n d th e s e s e lf - p r o d u c e d s ta te s
o f h y p n o ti s m o r s u g g e s te d p h e n o m e n a a r e e ve r
a tta i n e d by e ve n th e g r e a te s to f th e a d e p ts , a n d
th e r e i s n o ju s ti f i c a ti o n o f th e i r d o g m a ti c r e -
li g i o u s te a c h i n g s e ve n i n th e r e s u lts a tta i n e d
.
Th e Or i e n ta l, m i n d i s m o r e e a s i ly f r e e d f r o m
th e s h a c k le s o f th e bo d y th a n i s th e W e s te r n
o r g a n i s m . J u s ta s th e h o ld o f th e a ve r a g e
n a ti ve u p o n li f e i s i n f e r i o r to a Eu r o p e a n ' s , s o
ORIENTALOCCULTISM- 1 9 7
i s th e n a ti ve ' s m a s te r y o f c o n s c i o u s w i llf a r
le s s . Th e f a c u lti e s o f c la i r vo y a n c e c a n be
c r e a te d by a lm o s te ve r y d o m i n a n tEu r o p e a n i n
a n y y o u n g n a ti ve , a n d th e y a r e bo th p h y s i c a lly
a n d p s y c h i c a lly a n i n f e r i o r r a c e
.
Iti s ' be c a u s e o f th e i r g r e a te r r a c i a lf a m i li a r -
i ty a n d a c qu a i n ta n c e w i th th e o c c u ltth a tth e
m y th o f th e i r s p i r i tu a ls u p r e m a c y h a s be e n
bo r n . Th e u n h e e d i n g d e e m e ve r y Ea s te r n e r a
p o te n ti a lm a g e , u n k n o w i n g th a th e o n ly d e -
ve lo p s h i s p s y c h i c g i f ts , w h i c h a r e i n p o i n to f
f a c tm e n ta lw e a k n e s s e s , w h e n i n c o n ta c tw i th
a f a r m o r e p o w e r f u lly o r g a n i z e d W e s te r n w i ll
.
` Th e o r g a n i z e d p o w e r s o f o c c u ltIn d i a h a ve
lo a th e d a n d h a te d Br i ti s h r u le s i n c e p r e - Mu ti n y
d a y s . In a ve r y f e w r a r e c a s e s , bla c k m a g i c -
o f te n a lli e d w i th n a ti ve p o i s o n s - h a s k i lle d a
w h i te m a n , bu to n th e w h o le th e r e s u lth a s be e n
a p i ti f u ld e m o n s tr a ti o n c o m p a r e d to w h a tth e s e
m a g i s h o u ld h a ve be e n c a p a ble o f .
Oc c u lti s m i n In d i a i s bu i ltto s e r ve bu to n e
e n d , th e d o m i n a ti o n o f le s s e r c a s te s by th o s e
w h o m a s te r i ts s e c r e ts a n d h a ve a p ti tu d e to i m -
p o s e th e i r p o w e r s o n o th e r s
. In th e p a s ti t
s to o d f o r a n a m a z i n g ty r a n n y $a n d f o r th i s
1 9 8

AMODERNOCCULTIST
r e a s o n - i ts lo s tc r i m i n a lp o w e r s - i ti s o p p o s e d
to . Br i ti s h r u le .
Iti s n o te w o r th y th a tth e En g li s h So c i e ty o f
Th e o s o p h i s ts , w h o s e ji g - s a w r e li g i o n i s la r g e ly
c o m p o u n d e d o f Or i e n ta le le m e n ts , i s n o w
p r o m i n e n tly i d e n ti f i e d w i th s c h e m e s f o r th e p o -
li ti c a le m a n c i p a ti o n o f In d i a , w h i c h w i llr e i n -
f o r c e th e ty r a n n o u s p o w e r o f th e Br a h m i n .
Th e w h o le s c h e m e o f Or i e n ta lo c c u lti s m i s
qu i te i n c o m p r e h e n s i ble w i th o u ta s o u n d ba s i c
k n o w le d g e o f th e r e li g i o u s s y s te m s o f w h i c h i t
i s p a r ta n d p a r c e l. Th e s e e n jo y a d i f f i c u lta n d
c o m p le x n o m e n c la tu r e , a n d th e i r w o r d s h a ve
be e n bo r r o w e d i n d i s c r i m i n a te ly w i th o u td u e
r e s p e c tto th e i r p r e c i s e m e a n i n g .
Y o g a c o n ve y s a c e r ta i n p o p u la r m e a n i n g , bu t
i tm u s tbe r e m e m be r e d th a tth e r e a r e n u m be r -
le s s Y o g a s , s u bd i vi d e d a g a i n i n to e n d le s s s u b-
.
va r i a n ts
.
Th e i n i ti a te u n d e r g o e s a p r o lo n g e d c o u r s e o f
m e n ta la n d p h y s i c a ltr a i n i n g d e s i g n e d to s ti m u -
la te c o n c e n tr a ti o n o f th e w i lla n d s u bd u e th e
bo d y .
Li ttle by li ttle th e f a c u lti e s o f s u r r e n d e r to
e c s ta ti c f o r m s o f s e lf - h y p n o s i s a r e i n d u c e d ,
ORIENTALOCCULTISM

1 9 9
An a n d a o r " bli s s , " e i th e r m a te r i a lo r s p i r i tu a l
e c s ta s y , a c c o r d i n g to th e Y o g a p r a c ti s e d , be i n g
th e e n d o f th e p r o c e s s .
Th e f u lld e ve lo p m e n to f . th e p o w e r s o f a Y o g i
i s be s e tw i th a llk i n d s o f d a n g e r s a n d d i f f i c u lti e s .
Th e p h y s i c a ls tr a i n i s a s e ve r e o n e a n d th e p s y -
c h i c d a n g e r s e n c o u n te r e d c o n s i d e r a ble . Th e
e vi ls p i r i ts o f th e W e s tf i n d th e i r Or i e n ta lc o u n -
te r p a r ts i n P i s a c h a s , Sh a h i n i s , Bh i r ta s , P r e ta s ,
a n d Ra k s h a s h a s , a llm a li g n a n ta n d te r r i ble
m a n i f e s ta ti o n s o f th e d e m o n w o r ld .
In . th e e n d , c e r ta i n ty p e s o f Y o g i a p p e a r to
d e ve lo p th e f u llta le n ts o f a m a te r i a li z i n g m e -
d i u m a n d a r e c a p a ble o f p r o d u c i n g th e p h e -
n o m e n a th a tw e a s s o c i a te w i th a m e d i u m o f th e
p o w e r o f Eu s a p i a P a lla d i n o . Bu t- a n d i ti s
a ve r y i m p o r ta n t" bu t" - th e s e p h e n o m e n a : ,
a r e c a p a ble o f p r o d u c ti o n i n f u lltr o p i c d a y -
li g h t.
F r o m th e d a y s o f J a c o lli o t* to th o s e o f r e -
c e n t Th e o s o p h i c a l i n ve s ti g a ti o n s - Or i e n ta l
m a g i c h a s n e ve r be e n br o u g h tto r e a lte s tc o n -
d i ti o n s , bu ti n th e r e c o r d s g a th e r e d by i n d e
.
* Oc c u lt
Sc i e n c e i n In d i a a n d Am o n g th e An e i o n te . Lo u i s
J a c o lli o t.
2 0 0

A MODERNOCCULTIST
p e n d e n ts tu d e n ts th e r e i s a m p le g r o u n d f o r
s ta ti n g th a tth e g e n u i n e o c c u ltp h e n o m e n a
( a s
d i s ti n c tf r o m m e r e f a k i r ' s
c o n ju r i n g tr i c k s )
- o c c u r i n d e p e n d e n tly o f d a r k n e s s o r s p e c i a lli g h t
c o n d i ti o n s .
W h e n w e c o n s i d e r , th e f u s s m a d e by Eu r o -
p e a n m e d i u m s o ve r e ve n tw i li g h tc o n d i ti o n s , i t
i s r e m a r k a ble th a tth e s e o f f e r n o o bs ta c le to th e
Or i e n ta l" s p i r i ts
. "
Th e s e p h e n o m e n a , to o , a r e n o tc o n f i n e d to
o r th o d o x Hi n d u , Br a h m i n , Ta n tvi k , o r Gu r u
f o llo w e r s o f a n y p a r ti c u la r c r e e d , r a c e , o r r e -
li g i o n . Ce r ta i n In d i a n Mo s le m s e c ts p r o d u c e
d e vo te e s c a p a ble o f e qu i va le n tp h e n o m e n a , bu t
va r i a n ts o f o bs c u r e Ti be ta n s e c ts , Bu r m e s e ,
Ma la y , Mo h a x n m e d a n s , a n d f o llo w e r s o f bo th
th e i s ti c a n d p a n th e i s ti c r e li g i o n s h a ve e qu a l
p o w e r s .
Th e i d o la te r , th e Mu s li m , a n d th e Ch r i s ti a n
m e d i u m a lls h a r e th e s a m e be li e f i n " s p i r i t"
c o n tr o la n d i n c e r ta i n s ta te s p r o d u c e th e s a m e
r e s u lts . W h e r e w e m a y le a r n s o m e th i n g f r o m
th e Ea s ti s n o t i n
th e li n e o f m o r a ls , f o r th e i r
m o r a ls a r e d i f f e r e n tf r o m o u r s - a n d m a n y o f
th e i r r e li g i o u s c u s to m s r e vo lti n g ly be a s tly :
bu t
ORIENTALOCCULTISM

2 0 1
i n th e w a y o f th e p h y s i c a li n d u c ti o n o f th e p s y -
c h i c s ta te .
Th e ba s i s o f a g r e a tm a n y Y o g a s i s th e li be r a -
ti o n o f p s y c h o p la s m a n d e c to p la s m by a c o m -
bi n a ti o n o f c o n c e n tr a ti o n o n c e r ta i n i n te r n a l
c e n tr e s a n d th e r e p e ti ti o n o f s p e lls o r s o n o r o u s
m a g i c a le vo c a ti o n s .
Th e s e a f f e c tth e br e a th i n g s o th a ti n e f f e c tth e
bo d y i s s u bje c te d to a d e f i n i te r h y th m i c a lvi -
br a ti o n . Iti s p h y s i c a le x e r c i s e o f m i n d a n d
br a i n , a p p ly i n g m i n d - f o r c e to th e s ti m u la ti o n
a n d e x c i te m e n to f i n te r n a ln e r ve c e n tr e s .
Th e s e s i x c e n tr e s a r e vi s u a li z e d m e n ta lly a s
lo tu s e s . Th e y c a n n o tbe , p r e c i s e ly lo c a te d i n
s c i e n ti f i c a n a to m y , bu tc o r r e s p o n d i n m o s tc a s e s
w i th c e n tr a ln e r vo u s p le x u s e s a n d th e y a r e a s
w e llk n o w n i n Mo h a m m e d a n a n d Zo r o a s tr i a n
m y s ti c c u lts , a s th e y a r e i n th e In d i a n Up a n i -
s h a d s a n d Ta n tr a s ,
a n d a r e - f a m i li a r to th e In -
d i a n s o f Y u c a ta n a n d Gu a te m a la , w h e r e r i tu a l,
c o m bi n e d w i th a s p e c i e s o f p h y s i c a lm a s s a g e ,
i s e m p lo y e d to i n i ti a te th e h i e r o p h a n ti n to th e
tr i ba lm y s te r i e s .
Th e s c h o o lo f W e s te r n o c c u lti s ts w h o h o ld th e
th e o r y o f th e a ll- p e r va d i n g a s tr a lo r m a g i c li g h t
2 0 2

AMODERNOCCULTIST
o r f i r e , h o ld th a tth e s e I ` c e n tr e s " o p e n , o r a c t
a s c o n c e n tr a to r s o f a n e x te r i o r , a ll- p r e va i li n g
f o r c e w h i c h i s th u s c o n d u c te d to _ th e c o n s c i o u s -
n e s s , e n a bli n g '
th e o p e r a to r to m a k e c o n ta c tw i th
a n o th e r p la n e .
In th e Or i e n ta lth e o r y th i s f o r c e i s d e e m e d to
be a lw a y s la te n ti n th e bo d y , a n d i s a r o u s e d ,
e vo k e d , o r s ti r u la te d i n
p a r ti c u la r w a y s . Th e
d i s c u s s i o n o f th e r e la ti ve va lu e s o f th e s e tw o
m a i n s c h o o ls o f th o u g h t- s ta ti c a n d d y n a m i c
li g h t- o r th e i r va r i a n ts i s be y o n d th e s c o p e o f
th e s e n o te s .
Th e lo w e s to f th e lo tu s e s o r c e n tr e s i s th e
n e r ve c e n tr e w i th i n th e bo d y i n th e r e g i o n o f
th e p r o s ta ti c g la n d , th e n e x ti s m i d w a y be tw e e n
th i s a n d th e th i r d w h i c h i s th e n a ve lc e n tr e o r
s o la r p le x u s . Th e f o u r th i s n o m i n a lly th e h e a r t,
th e f i f th , th a ta tth e ba s e o f th e th r o a t, th e
s i x th , th a tbe tw e e n th e e y e br o w s
. In vi s u a li z i n g
th e s e lo tu s e s w i th th e II m e n ta le y e , " th e d e p th
ba c k i n th e bo d y o f e a c h c e n tr e i s a s s u m e d to
be c lo s e to th e s p i n e
.
Mi n d f o r c e i s c o n c e n tr a te d by th e Y o g i u n d e r
th e n a m e V o g a ba la , a n d i n Or i e n ta lbla c k m a g i c
th i s i s c o n c e n tr a te d o n th e lo w e s tc e n tr e , a c
ORIENTAL: OCCULTISM

. 2 0 3
c o r d i n g to th e r i tu a lo f th e i n f a m o u s P r a y o g a ,
w i th th e r e s u lto f i n d u c i n g s e x u a lh a llu c i n a -
ti o n s .
In th e s o - c a lle d w h i te o r m e d i u m i s ti c m a g i c ,
th e c e n tr e o f e n e r g y i s a p p a r e n tly by th e th i r d
c e n tr e ( th e n a ve l) , f o r m a te r i a li z a ti o n p h e -
n o m e n a , a n d th e f i f th , o r ba s e o f th e th r o a t
- c e n tr e f o r c la i r a u d i e n c e .
Th o s e w h o c a n r e a c h th e s i x th c la i m th e
p o w e r o f a s tr a lvo y a g i n g
i n th e s p i r i tw o r ld
a n d p e r c e p ti o n o f th i n g s o n th e m o r ta lp la n e a t
a d i s ta n c e .
Th e p h y s i o lo g y o f th e p r o c e s s i s n o ty e tu n -
d e r s to o d , bu tf o llo w i n g o n th e br e a th i n g p r o c -
e s s e s o r P r a n a y a m a , w h i c h r e la x th e bo d y a n d
i n d u c e c e r ta i n r h y th m s , a p r o g r e s s i ve e x c i ta ti o n
a n d r i g o r o f th e c e n tr e s i s i n d u c e d by a u to h y p -
n o s i s
. Th e n e r ve c e n tr e s c o n tr o lva r i o u s li m bs
a n d f u n c ti o n s , a n d a s e a c h i s " p u tto s le e p " s o
th e Y o g i be c o m e s r i g i d a n d c a ta le p ti c
.
Y o g i s a r e a ble to h o ld o u tth e i r a r m s f o r
h o u r s a ta s tr e tc h w i th o u ta p p a r e n tf a ti g u e - s o
i n th e s a m e w a y c a n a h y p n o ti z e d s u bje c tbe
p la c e d i n a n a tti tu d e o f r i g i d i ty by a n o p e r a to r
.
Th e s e
. p r o g r e s s i ve i n h i bi ti o n s o f f u n c ti o n s
2 0 4

AMODERNOCCULTIST
c a n n o tbe a c h i e ve d by th e W e s te r n o c c u lti s t
w i th o u tth e m o s tc a r e f u ls tu d y a n d p a i n s ta k i n g
p r e p a r a ti o n s . Th e p r a c ti c e s a r e bo th m e n ta lly
a n d p h y s i c a lly d a n g e r o u s , bu tw h e n m a s te r e d
e i th e r i n p a r to r i n w h o le , th e y c a n be e vo k e d
by s y s te m s e n ti r e ly - a tva r i a n c e w i th th e a c -
c e p te d In d i a n m e th o d s. In f a c t, c e r ta i n n o n -
s e n s e r h y m e s o f th e s a m e r h y th m a n d br e a th -
i n g va lu e s a s . s o m e o f th e Ta n tr i e s p e lls o r
m a n tr a s a r e e qu a lly e f f i c a c i o u s .
Th e r e w a s i n f i n i te w i s d o m i n th e o ld la w o f
m a g i c w h i c h s a i d " Ch a n g e n o tth e
ba r ba r i c
n a m e s o f e vo c a ti o n , " bu ti f th e y w e r e c h a n g e d ,
p r o vi d e d r h y th m a n d br e a th i n g a r e p r e s e r ve d ,
th e s e n s e d o e s n o ta p p e a r to m a tte r
. If o n e
ve r s e o f Ma c a u la y ' s " Ho r a ti u s " * w a s a p o w e r -
f u ls p e ll- a lm o s ta n y o th e r ve r s e i n th e s a m e
p o e m w o u ld p r o d u c e th e s a m e e f f e c t- i f d e li v-
e r e d i n th e s a m e w a y .
Th i s a r g u m e n ti s s o m e ti m e s u s e d by a s c e p -
ti c , bu ta f te r a lli to n ly p r o ve s th a tth e s a m e
r e s u ltc a n be p r o d u c e d by a n a lo g o u s m e a n s .
Sa ltd i s a p p e a r s w h e n d i s s o lve d i n w a te r , bu ts o
i td o e s i n h a lf a d o z e n o th e r li qu i d s
.
* La y s o f An c i e n tRo m e
. Ma c a u la y .
ORIENTALOCCULTISM

2 0 5
Th e ta le s o f li f e o n o th e r p la n e s br o u g h tba c k
by n a ti ve s p i r i ts e vo k e d by Or i e n ta lm a g i c i a n s
i n
I
n o w a y ta lly w i th W e s te r n a c c o u n ts , bu ta s
p h a lli c w o r s h i p i s i n te g r a lw i th m a n y Ea s te r n
be li e f s , i ti s n o m a tte r f o r w o n d e r th a ts o m e
Ea s te r n s p i r i te vi d e n c e c o n c e r n i n g th e n e x t
p la n e w o u ld m a k e th e m o s th a r d e n e d W e s te r n
li be r ti n e blu s h
. Th e y a ls o a f f i r m w i th c o n s i d -
e r a ble e m p h a s i s th a to n th e n e x tp la n e n a ti o n -
a li ti e s a n d c o lo u r li n e s a r e u n k n o w n , a p o i n t
w h i c h i s r e i n f o r c e d by th e n u m be r o f e x -
c o lo u r e d s p i r i ts w h i c h f r e qu e n t W e s te r n
s e a n c e s .
Iti s i n d e e d d i f f i c u ltto k n o w w h a tto be li e ve .
Th e Y o g i s c a n p r o d u c e p h e n o m e n a o f m a -
te r i a li z
a ti o n , p r o lo n g e d tr a n c e s ta te s , a n d c a n
s o m e ti m e s a c ta s p o w e r f u lh y p n o ti s ts a n d s e i z e
th e Du r g a , li te r a lly c i ta d e l, o f a n o th e r ' s bo d y .
On th e o th e r h a n d , th e n e ty i e ld o f a llp u r e ly
In d i a n o c c u lti s m i s ve r y d i s a p p o i n ti n g . Th i s
m a y be d u e to th e s e lf le s s n e s s i n c u lc a te d i n th e i r
r e li g i o u s te a c h i n g , w h i c h s u bd u e s lo ve a n d
h a tr e d a s e qu a le n e m i e s o f s p i r i tu a lp r o g r e s s .
If th e i r m a g i c w e r e e f f i c i e n t, m u c h m o r e w o u ld
be d o n e w i th i t, a n d th e c o n s e n s u s o f g e n e r a l
2 0 6

AMODERNOCCULTIST
o p i n i o n i s th a td e s p i te i ts e x tr a o r d i n a r y i n te r -
e s tto th e m y s ti c a n d th e s c h o la r i th a s li ttle to
o f f e r o f i n te r e s tto th e Sp i r i tu a li s t
.
Ce r ta i n o f le s s e r k n o w n Y o g a s w h i c h d o p r o -
d u c e a s to n i s h i n g p h e n o m e n a be lo n g d e f i n i te ly to
th e d o m a i n o f bla c k m a g i c a n d o n ly p a r a lle lc e r -
ta i n w e ll- k n o w n o u tbr e a k s o f p h a lli c s o r c e r y
th a to c c u r r e d i n Eu r o p e i n th e Mi d d le Ag e s
.
Th e c u lto f e vo c a ti o n
i s h e ld by s o m e s tu d e n ts
to h a ve s p r e a d f r o m In d i a to th e Ar a br a c e s ,
bu tm o r e r e c e n ti n ve s ti g a ti o n s s u g g e s tth a tth e
a s to n i s h i n g p e r f o r m a n c e s a c h i e ve d by c e r ta i n
n o m i n a lly Mo s le m s e c ts i n th e f a s tn e s s e s o f
Tr i p o li a n d Mo r o c c o a r e d u e to th e s u r vi va ls
f r o m th e a bo r i g i n e s o f th o s e la n d s r a th e r th a n
to Or i e n ta li d e a s .
Th e Be r be r s a r e a d i s ti n c tp r i m i ti ve r a c e
a k i n to th e Ba s qu e s , a n d p r o ba bly i d e n ti c a lw i th
th e a n c i e n tBr i to n s w h o bu i ltSto n e h e n g e
. To -
d a y
- th e y a r e f a n a ti c a lMo s le m i n , bu tth e o ld
p r a c ti c e s li n g e r a s r i tu a ls o f s p e c i f i c r e li g i o u s
c u lts , s u c h a s th e Su f i Se n o u s s i a n d th e Ai s s o u r i
o f Mo r o c c o . Th e y a r e r a c i a lly s tr a n g e f o lk
a n d
th e Mo s le m ve n e e r i s o n ly a d a y r e li g i o n ' i m -
p o s e d o n a m a s s o f p a g a n f o lk lo r e c lo s e ly c o n "
ORIENTALOCCULTISM

2 0 7
k e e te d w i th s e r p e n tw o r s h i p a n d a s tr o n o m i c a l
o bs e r va n c e s . Th e i r f e s ti va ls - o f th e s o ls ti c e s
h a ve a n o u tw a r d - s e e m i n g Mu s li m c o n n e c ti o n , ,
bu t, th e i n n e r h i d d e n o c c u ltr e li g i o n i s a f a r
o ld e r th i n g .
Th e Be r be r s a r e n o to f Ar a bs to c k ; th e y a r e
Se m i ti c a n d th e y a r e p r o ba bly p r e - Ar y a n
.
So m e w r i te r s * tr a c e th e i r c o n n e c ti o n to th e
o r i g i n a lF i r bo lg s o f Ic e la n d , a n d th e e th n o lo g y
o f th i s m y s te r i o u s r a c e i s s ti lla m a tte r o f s p e c u -
la ti o n a n d d o u bt.
P r e - e m i n e n ta m o n g th e i r d i s ti n c ti ve d i f f e r -
e n c e s f r o m th e o r d i n a r y Ar a bi s th e e s te e m i n
w h i c h th e y h o ld w o m e n . W o m e n a r e , c h i e f -
ta i n e s s e s a m o n g th e m , a n d a bo ve a llth e w o m e n
a r e th e r e p o s i to r i e s o f th e lo s tlo r e o f m a g i c .
Iti s to th e m th a tth e tr i be s m e n tu r n f o r th e
c a r r y i n g o u to f th e m y s ti c h a r ve s tc e r e m o n i e s ,
th e c h a r m i n g o f u n f r u i tf u lf i e ld s , a n d th e li g h t-
i n g o f th e m a g i c Be lta n e f i r e s .
F i r e p la y s n o i n c o n s i d e r a ble p a r ti n th e i r
r i tu a ls , a n d i s o n ly c a lle d by i ts Ar a bi c n a m e
e i - a a f e a ts ( th e c o m f o r te r ) w h e n u s e d f o r d o -
m e s ti c p u r p o s e s .
Th e s a c r i f i c i a la n d c e r e -
* Se e Th e Ar a bs o f Tr i p o li .
Ala n Os tle r .
c
2 0 8

AMODERNOCCULTIST
m o n i a lf i r e s a r e a lw a y s s p o k e n o f e i th e r i n th e
Sh i l- lu h o r Sc h lu c h to n g u e - th e tr u e Be r be r
la n g u a g e o r r e f e r r e d to a s B' ln i s a c , a te r m
w h o s e p h i lo lo g y i s u n k n o w n , bu tw h i c h a p p a r -
e n tly c o n ta i n s th e a g e - o ld Be lo r Ba a lm o ti ve
.
Th i s f i r e c u lt, c o u p le d
w i th _ a s ti llm o r e m y s -
ti c a li n n e r c r e e d s y m bo li z e d by s e r p e n tw o r s h i p ,
m a y be n o te d by th e s tu d e n te x p lo r e r a m o n g
th e Be r be r f o lk
. Ri f f i s , Ma s h e d Ho jja Tu a r e k s
o f th e Sa h a r a , c e r ta i n K a by le s o f Tr i p o li , a n d
o th e r tr i be s a lllbe lo n g to th e s a m e s tr a n g e r a c e ,
a n d th e r e a r e r e a s o n s f o r be li e vi n g , th a tth e
Be r be r s a r e i d e n ti c a lw i th th e m y s ti c a lF a i r i e s
- th e Go o d P e o p le - s b' c a lle d f r o m a p r o p i ti a -
to r y i r o n y be c a u s e th e y w e r e s o a m a z i n g ly ba d .
Be r be r s a lo n e o f s a va g e f o lk r a i d a n d k i lla t
n i g h t
. Th e y a r e e s s e n ti a lly a p e o p le o f th e d a r k ,
a n d h e w h o s i f ts th e m a s s o f te r r i ble f o lk lo r e
a bo u tth e e a r li e s tf a i r i e s i n
Br i ta i n w i llf i n d
a
p a r a lle lbe tw e e n th e s e te r r i ble u n h o ly ba r -
ba r i a n s g i ve n to s o r c e r y , n e c r o m a n c y a n d u n -
h o ly r i te s , th e s te a li n g o f c h i ld r e n f o r s a c r i f i c i a l
p u r p o s e s , a n d o th e r g lo s s e d h o r r o r s a ttr i bu te d
to th e Go o d P e o p le - a n d th e Be r be r r a c e s o f
to - d a y .
ORIENTALOCCULTISM

2 0 9
Th e p r a c ti c e s c o n ti n u e .
In 1 9 0 9 Iw a s tr a ve lli n g i n th e Gh a r bc o u n tr y
o f Mo r o c c o , w h e r e th e r e i s a la r g e Be r be r e le -
m e n t. Th e F r e n c h o c c u p a ti o n o f th e Sh a w i a h
a n d th e m e te o r i c r i s e o f Su lta n Mu la i Ha f i d h a d
le f tth e c o u n tr y u n s e ttle d a n d d a n g e r o u s
.
Be y o n d a w a r c o r r e s p o n d e n to r tw o a n d a
h a n d f u lo f Ge r m a n e n g i n e e r s - o r s p i e s , e m -
p lo y e d by th e f i r m o f Ma r m e s m a n - th e r e w e r e
n o
Eu r o p e a n s i n th e c o u n tr y
s
o u ts i d e o f th e
c o a s tto w n s . F o r th e c a p i ta la n d Ma n a h e s h
th e bi g c i ti e s o f th e So u th w e r e c lo s e d , a n d
a
Ch r i s ti a n ' s li f e w a s n o w h e r e w o r th a m o m e n t' s
p u r c h a s e a m o n g th e f a n a ti c s .
Ia m bu ta n i n d i f f e r e n tAr a bi c s c h o la r , bu ta
c e r ta i n k n o w le d g e o f c la s s i c a lHe br e w s e r ve d
o n e w e ll, f o r th e r e a r e m a n y d e ba s e d J e w s i n
Mo r o c c o . F o r th e r e s t, a s th e h i g h - c la s s Mo o r s
a r e a f a i r r a c e a n d o f te n blu e - e y e d , tr a ve lli n g i n
n a ti ve c lo th e s a n d w e llbr o n z e d by th e s u n I
s u f f e r e d n o m o le s ta ti o n a n d c o u ld r e ly o n th e
f i d e li ty o f m y f o u r bo d y - s e r va n ts .
So m e f i ve d a y s ' r i d e n o r th w e s to f th e a r g a n
f o r e s ts o f th e c o a s tbe lt, Iw a s w e ll' w i th i n '
Be r be r te r r i to r y . Th i s w a s m o s tly s to n y h i ll
2 1 0

AMODERNOCCULTIST
la n d s , f o r Mo r o c c o i s s i m p ly r o c k d e s e r ts a n d
h i lls , i n te r s p e r s e d w i th li g h tly w a te r e d f e r ti le
va lle y s a n d o c c a s i o n a lo a s e s o f p o p la r - s h e lte r e d
w a lls .
Th e h o ly c i ty o f Ta r u d a n tla y to th e n o r th o f
m e , a n d Ih a d c r o s s e d th e W a d i Si f a n r i ve r a n d
w a s g o i n g s o u th f r o m th e Ibe r K a k e n P a s s o n
th e c a r a va n r o u te e a s ti n to th e Ai tJ e lla l
c o u n tr y .
Th e r e , d e e p i n th e h i lls , li e s th e r u i n o f a
Ro m a n c i ty o f w h i c h s tr a n g e ta le s a r e to ld . It
i s e ve n n o tc e r ta i n , th a ti ti s Ro m a n , f o r a
vo lu m e o f n o te s , p a i n s ta k i n g ly c o m p i le d f o r
f i f te e n y e a r s by a r e s i d e n ti n a c o a s tto w n , d i s -
c lo s e s u n m i s ta k a ble P h o e n i c i a n c h a r a c te r i s ti c s ,
bu tIa tle a s tc a n n o tte ll, f o r m y e x p e d i ti o n
h a d to be a ta s w i f tr e tr e a ta ba r e tw o d a y s '
m a r c h f r o m th e n o m i n a lva lle y o f th e d e a d
c i ty
.
Itw a s o n th e w a y th e r e th a tm y li ttle tr o o p
o f h o r s e m e n a n d p a c k m u le s h a lte d a tth e
Be r be r vi lla g e o f M' Ae r bi lId a a n d w e r e r e -
c e i ve d a s g u e s ts o f h o n o u r f o r th e n i g h t . Th e
vi lla g e w a s a c u r i o u s m e d le y o f th o r n a n d c a c tu s
f e n c e s , c a n e - th a tc h e d h u ts , a n d d e e p c a ve s c u t
ORIENTALOCCULTISM

2 1 1
i n th e f r i a ble f r e e s to n e r o c k o f - th e m o u n ta i n
s i d e
.
Th e m e n w o r e th e c lo s e - k n i tte d w o o lc a p s o f
th e c o u n tr y a n d h a d th e c u r i o u s s n a k e - li k e h e a d
a n g le s a n d th e lo n g , c u r vi n g s i d e lo c k a n d th i n ,
be a r d s o f c o a r s e h a i r th a tju s td i s ti n g u i s h th e s e
s tr a n g e , e lf - li k e f o lk . So m e th i n g i n th e i r br o a d
c h e e k bo n e s a n d c u r i o u s p a le e y e s s u g g e s ts th e
s n a k e .
Mo h a m m e d - e l- Su i s s i , m y h o r s e bo y , to ld m e
a s h e , p i tc h e d m y te n tth a th e d i d n o tli k e th e
vi lla g e o r th e p e o p le
; " th e y w e r e , " h e s a i d ,
.
.
" n o tg o o d Mo s le m i n
. " As r e li g i o u s o r th o d o x y
w a s n o to n e o f Mo h a m m e d ' s s tr o n g p o i n ts , I
d i d n o tw o r r y m u c h , bu tw h e n Ha s s a n - e l- As k r i ,
m y s o ld i e r m u le te e r , w a r n e d m e to k e e p m y
a r m s a bo u tm e Ir e a li z e d th a tm y Mo o r s c o n
s i d e r e d th a tn o te ve n th e la w o f d e s e r th o s p i
ta li ty w a s h e ld i n vi o la te a m o n g th e s e f o lk
.
Th e r e i s , h o w e ve r , a br o th e r h o o d o f i n i ti a te s
o f w h i c h Ia m a m e m be r , w h o s e s i g n s a r e r e c -
o g n i z e d i n m a n y p a r ts o f th e g lo be . Ge s ti c u -
la ti o n i s a f e a tu r e o f p o li te Ar a bi c c o n ve r s a ti o n ,
a n d Is o o n s e c u r e d a n a n s w e r i n g s i g n f r o m o n e
o f th e h e a d - m e n o f th e tr i be . W i th i n h a lf a n _
2 1 2

AMODERNOCCULTIST
h o u r n o bo d y i n - th a tvi lla g e w o u ld h a ve
d a r e d to
s te a lth e le a s to f m y be lo n g i n g s .
Ih a d c o n s i d e r a ble d i f f i c u lty i n c a r r y i n g o n
m y c o n ve r s a ti o n a s m y Ar a bi c , a p a r tf r o m o r d i -
n a r y n e e d s o f tr a ve l, w a s w e a k a n d c la s s i c a l
r a th e r th a n p o p u la r . Th e Be r be r s , to o , a lw a y s
s p o k e o f th e s e th i n g s i n th e i r o w n to n g u e , Sh i l-
lu h , a n d n o n e o f
m y
e n to u r a g e be i n g i n i ti a te I
h a d n o i n te r p r e te r .
My h o s tw a s Si d i - e l- Be la r n i , a n o ld c h i e f ta i n
w h o w a s a ls o a s h e r e e f - = th a t i s , a li n e a ld e -
s c e n d a n to f th e P r o p h e ta n d a p e r s o n o f s a n e -
' ti ty . He s o o n d r o p p e d th e m a s k o f o r th o d o x y
a n d c o n ve r s e d f r e e ly o n th e m e ta p h y s i c a ls i d e
o f h i s c u lt. If o u n d i te a s i e r to u n d e r s ta n d th a n
to c o n ve r s e w i th h i m , bu tg a i n e d a n e a s i e r a p -
p r e c i a ti o n a s Ig o t' u s e d to i t.
Is ta y e d a s e c o n d
d a y i n th e vi lla g e , a s o n e
. o f o u r a n i m a ls w a s ba d ly la m e d a n d
n e e d e d
r e s t, a n d to o k o c c a s i o n to a s k h i m c o n c e r n i n g
th e a r to f r e vi vi n g th e d e a d to te m p o r a r y li f e
w h i c h th e Be r be r s a r e c o m m o n ly h e ld to p o s -
s e s s .
He m a d e n o o bje c ti o n s to m y qu e s ti o n s , a n d ,
to m y d e li g h t, o f f e r e d to g i ve m e a d e m o n s tr a -
ORIENTAL
OCCULTISM

2 1 3
ti o n i f ' th e r i tu a lo f th e w o m e n : w h o h e ld th e
s e c r e ts w o u ld c o n s e n tto e x h i bi tth e m . Atn o o n
Iw a s ta k e n to a k i n d o f tr i ba lp a la ve r a n d th e
m a tte r w a s p u tto a s p e c i e s o f te s to r ju d g -
m e n tby lo t. Ay o u n g g i r lw a s bli n d f o ld e d a n d
g i ve n a ba s k e tc o n ta i n i n g s h o r ta n d lo n g s ti c k s .
Ce r ta i n p r a y e r s a n d i n c a n ta ti o n s w e r e p e r -
f o r m e d a n d s h e p a s s e d i n to a
s e m i - tr a n c e s ta te
.
My p e r m i s s i o n d e p e n d e d o n h e r s e le c ti o n o f a
m a jo r i ty o f s h o r ts ti c k s , bu ta s ' Ic o u ld n o t s e e
th e s ti c k s , a n d s h e w a s i n a s ta te o f li g h th y p -
n o s i s , , Im a d e o c c a s i o n to r e c i te o n e o r tw o r e -
s o u n d i n g He br e w c h a r m s a n d la i d m y h a n d s
o n h e i f h e a d ; a f te r th a t, a llw a s e a s y
. He r w i ll
o be y e d m i n e a n d s h e s e le c te d th e s ti c k s a s I
d e s i r e d . Itw a s a lm o s ta n u n a n i m o u s e le c ti o n
.
W h e n d u s k f e llw i th a lli ts Af r i c a n s u d d e n -
n e s s , th e r i s i n g m o o n h u n g li k e a bla z i n g bu c k -
le r i n th e s k y
. Do g s ba r k e d i n a n s w e r to th e
d i s ta n th i llja c k a ls a n d th e a c r i d , s m o k e o f th e
c a m e l- d u n g f i r e s h u n g li k e a s o u r f o g a bo u t
th e c a m p .
W e le f tth e vi lla g e a n d w e n ta bo u ta qu a r te r
o f a m i le a lo n g th e h i lls i d e to th e lo c a lbu r y i n g -
p la c e , f o llo w i n g a s to n y tr a c k th a tw a s li ttle
2 1 4

AMODERNOCCULTIST
m o r e th a n a d r i e d w a te r c o u r s e
. Atth e h e a d o f
o u r li ttle p r o c e s s i o n w e r e tw o m e n w i th f la m i n g
a r g a n w o o d to r c h e s ti e d to lo n g c a n e s , be h i n d
th e m c a m e f o u r m e n w i th lo n g s i lve r - d e c o r a te d
Re m i n g to n r i f le s , a n d th e n th e li ttle g r o u p o f
s o r c e r e s s e s f o llo w e d by m y s e lf a n d th e e ld e r s
.
Th e bu r i a lg r o u n d w a s a s c a n ty c le a r i n g
a m o n g th e s c r u ba n d d w a r f o a k s , a n d bu s h e s
e n c r o a c h e d
u p o n th e o u te r g r a ve s . Ea c h to m b
w a s m a r k e d br a s to n e m o n o li th o r p i lla r ,
r o u g h - h e w n ,
w i th a : k n o ba tth e to p i n p u r -
s u a n c e o f th e Mu s li m c u s to m . Th e g r a ve s
r a d i a te d i n c i r c le s f r o m th e c e n tr a l
- s to n e ,
w h e r e o n f lu tte r e d li ttle bu n d le s o f ' r a g s a n d
s i m i la r vo ti ve o f f e r i n g s .
W e m a d e o u r w a y to a r e c e n tg r a ve , w h i c h
w a s
r a p i d ly o p e n e d by th e m e n , d i s c lo s i n g , a
ba r e tw o f e e tbe n e a th
. th e s u r f a c e , th e be n tbo d y
o f a m a n bu r i e d i n
s i tti n g p o s tu r e . It w a s a
g h o u l- li k e bu s i n e s s a n d th e w h o le a i r o f th e
g r a ve y a r d c a r r i e d th e ta i n te d s c e n to f th e
d r e a d f u l c a r r i o n th e y w e r e u n e a r th i n g .
In th e m e a n w h i le , th e w o m e n w e r e bu s y , a n d
. f r o m be h i n d th e to m bs br o u g h tf o r th s k u lls
w h i c h th e y a n o i n te d w i th s o m e s tr a n g e g r e a s e
ORIENTALOCCULTISM

2 1 5
a n d s e to n s ti c k s i n
a c i r c le r o u n d th e c e n tr a l
a lta r
.
Atla s tth e c o r p s e , i n i ts f o u l, - e a r th - s ta i n e d
-
w r a p p i n g s , w a s e x h u m e d a n d c a r r i e d i n a p i e c e
o f s h e e ti n g to th e a lta r . Th e m e n w h o h a d
s e r ve d a s g u a r d s a n d g r a ve d i g g e r s th e n w i th -
d r e w o u to f e a r s h o t, a n d th e c e r e m o n i e s be g a n .
F i r e w a s a p p li e d to th e ,
,
c i r c le o f s k u lls a n d
th e y be g a n to bu r n . In o ti c e d th a tth e e y e s a n d
e a r s o c k e ts w e r e s tu f f e d w i th o ld r a g s
w h i c h
s e r ve d a s w i c k s f o r th e u n c le a n o i l . Th e y f la r e d
s m o k i ly , s e n d i n g o f f a f o u l- s c e n te d s o o ty s m o k e .
Th e w o m e n be g a n to c h a n tth e i r m o n o to n o u s
w a i li n g r h y m e s , a n d th e i r le a d e r r o c k e d to a n d
f r o le a d i n g th i s s tr a n g e c h o r u s .
Su d d e n ly a p o w e r s e e m e d to c o m e u p o n h e r
a n d s h e be c a m e f r e n z i e d , d a n c i n g r o u n d th e
s k u llc i r c le i n ti m e to th e r e f r a i n , bu tu n d u la t-
i n g h e r bo d y i n a s tr a n g e , s n a k e - li k e m a n n e r .
Th e n s h e k n e ltd o w n o n th e g r o u n d , a n d f r o m
s o m e w h e r e a bo u th e r p e r s o n p r o d u c e d s o m e -
th i n g w h i c h s h e r u bbe d o n h e r h a n d s
. Atf i r s t
i tr e s e m ble d p h o s p h o r u s , a qu i c k , f li c k e r i n g ,
f a i n tblu e li g h t, bu tg r a d u a lly i tg r e w i n
s tr e n g th u n ti ls tr e a m e r s o f blu e f la m e , s o m e s i x
2 1 6 '
AMODERNOCCULTIST
i n c h e s lo n g , s e e m e d to p r o je c tf r o m h e r f i n g e r s
w h i le h e r w h o le p e r s o n s e e m e d o u tli n e d i n a
f a i n ts h a p e o f f la m e .
F r o m th e g r o u n d s h e p i c k e d u p a s h o r tle n g th
o f c a n e w h i c h i n h e r g r a s p s e e m e d to p r o je c t
th i s blu e e m a n a ti o n
:
th e n w i th a f i n a l c h o r u s
o f e vo c a ti o n , s h e le a p tu p o n th e a lta r a n d k n e lt
a s tr i d e o f th e d e a d m a n .
W i th qu i c k p a s s e s , s h e r a n h e r h a n d s th e
le n g th o f h i s s la c k li m bs a n d th e n p o i s e d bo th
h a n d s a bo ve th e n a ve lo f th e c o r p s e , a bo u t
a
f o o th i g h e r th a n th e s h r o u d .
Th e e m a n a ti o n c u r ve d d o w n li k e a blu e - g r e e n
w a te r f a llo f f la m e a n d s e e m e d to e n te r th e m a n
.
In c r e d i ble a s i tm a y s e e m , th e d e a d li m bs s lo w ly
be g a n to s tr e tc h o u tje r k i ly , u n e a s i ly , a s i f
a w a k i n g , y e t- - i n s ti n c tw i th a n e w vi ta li ty .
Th e g h a s tly , lo lli n g h e a d , s ta i n e d w i th
c o r -
r u p ti o n a n d bo u n d w i th th e ja w ba n d a g e , be g a n
to o s c i lla te o n th e d r e a d f u ln e c k a n d th e w h o le
c o r p s e be g a n to p h o s p h o r e s c e w i th a d u llg r e e n
lu m i n o s i ty .
Th e c h o r u s n o w c e a s e d c h a n ti n g a n d a s m a ll
f i r e w a s li g h te d o n a c a i r n o f s to n e s . F r o m
th i s c e r ta i n o bje c ts w e r e ta k e n a n d p la c e d i n
ORIENTALOCCULTISM

2 1 7
th e d e a d ' m a n ' s h a n d s
. Th e f i n g e r s s lo w ly
c u r le d u p
a n d g r a s p e d th e m 1
Th e s i n g i n g be g a n a g a i n a n d th e s o r c e r e s s ,
s ti lla c r o s s th e bo d y , to o k th e c a n e s h e c a r r i e d
a n d , br e a k i n g th e ba n d a g e th a tbo u n d th e d e a d
m a n ' s ja w , i n s e r te d th e e n d i n h i s
m o u th .
Th e n m a k i n g c e r ta i n p a s s e s a n d s i g n s w i th
h e r h a n d s , s h e be g a n to e x h a le d e e p br e a th s i n to
th e bo d y , s e e m i n g to m a k e th e m y s ti c p a s s e s
a s i f to f o r c e th e li vi n g br e a th d o w n i n to th e
d e a d , m a n ' s lu n g s .
Li ttle by li ttle li f e s e e m e d to c r e e p ba c k i n to
th a tu n h o ly s h e ll. Th e d r e a d f u lc o n to u r s o f
d e a th s u n k ba c k , th e f o r m be c a m e m o r e h u m a n
a n d th e m o ti o n s n o tth e s tr a n g e je r k y r i g o r s o f
th e f i r s tp a r to f th e c e r e m o n y , bu tth e ve r y s i g n s
o f li f e .
Th e e y e li d s f li c k e r e d a n d r e tr a c te d , th e d r e a d -
f u ld r a w n li p s r e la x e d a n d i n a m i n u te o r s o th e
d e a d m a n s a tu p i n h i s c e r e m e n ts - a n d s p o k e
.
Th e n f o llo w e d th e d r e a d c o n s u lta ti o n _ o f th e
d e a d
. Itw a s e vi d e n tf r o m th e a w e a n d r e s p e c t
w i th w h i c h h e w a s a d d r e s s e d th a th e w a s tr e a te d
n o ta s a r e a n i m a te d i n d i vi d u a l, bu t
a s a n a u g u s t
vi s i ta n tf r o m a n o th e r w o r ld .
2 1 8
A
MODERNOCCULTIST
Th i n , h i g h
a n d s h r i ll, th e u s u a lly c o a r s e g n t
tu r a ls o f th e Sh i llu h to n g u e s e e m e d s tr a n g e
f r o m Its li p s . , Is u s p e c te d ve n tr i lo qu y f o r a
w h i le , bu tc o u ld s e e th e s lo w m o ve m e n ts o f i ts
th r o a tm u s c le s a n d g lo tti s a n d th e r i s e a n d f a ll
o f th e s h r o u d o ve r th e s u n k e n a bd o m e n .
Ne ve r th e le s s i tw a s s h e e r h o r r o r to li s te n to
a n d d r e a d f u l, m o n s tr o u s to s e e .
Iw a s o n ly p e r m i tte d to a s k o n e qu e s ti o n , a n d
Ia s k e d w o u ld m y qu e s tbe s u c c e s s f u l. Ir e -
c e i ve d a n u n e qu i vo c a la n s w e r th a ti tw o u ld f a i l,
bu tn o tth r o u g h m y , f a u lt, bu tbe c a u s e o f th e
w i llo f th e s p i r i ts o f th e d e p a r te d a n d th e c u r s e
o f th e d e a d th a th u n g o ve r th e c i ty .
In c i d e n ta lly th i s d i s c o u n te d th e a d vi c e g i ve n
by o th e r s p i r i tc o m m u n i c a n ts be f o r e th e e x -
) e d i ti o n w a s u n d e r ta k e n , - bu tla te r p r o ve d
tr u e .
Th e r i tu a lo f r e - d i s s o lu ti o n w a s s h o r te r
bu t
f a r m o r e te r r i ble . Ag a i n th e s o r c e r e s s m a d e
p a s s e s . Th e o bje c ts w e r e ta k e n f r o m th e h a n d s
o f th e d e a d a n d s lo w ly th e li f e le f tth e bo d y ,
w h i c h s w e lle d a n d tw i tc h e d a s i tr e tu r n e d to i ts
o r i g i n a ls ta te o f te r r i ble d e c o m p o s i ti o n . A
th i n w a i li n g c h a n ts e e m e d ` to s y m bo li z e th e
ORIENTALOCCULTISM

2 1 9
Bi g h to f th e s p i r i t ba c k to i ts o w n r e a lm s
.
Ip r e s s e d u n s u c c e s s f u li n qu i r y c o n c e r n i n g th e
d e ta i ls o f th i s a s to u n d i n g p i e c e o f n e c r o m a n c y
w h i c h w a s n e i th e r m o r e n o r le s s th a n th a tte r -
r i ble o ld m y s te r y , th e r a i s i n g o f th e d e a d i n th e
f le s h .
Ic o u ld o bta i n n o d e ta i ls o f th e o bje c ts p la c e d
i n th e m a n ' s h a n d s o r th e m a te r i a lu s e d to
p r o d u c e th e a s to n i s h i n g o u tp o u r i n g o f blu e ,
lu m i n o u s m a tte r
.
So
f a r a s Ic o u ld a s c e r ta i n , th e li f e f o r c e o f
th e s o r c e r e s s h e r s e lf e n te r e d th e bo d y , bu tth e
c e r e m o n y o f c r e a ti n g i tw a s e s s e n ti a li n c o m -
bi n a ti o n w i th th e c h a r m s i n th e h a n d s be f o r e
th e s p i r i tc o u ld r e tu r n . -
Ne i th e r c o u ld Ia s c e r ta i n th a ti tw a s th e s o u l
o f th e d e p a r te d o r s o m e o th e r s p i r i tth a te n -
te r e d i n to th e r e a n i m a te d c o r p s e .
So m e p o w e r f u lc o m m u n i ti e s a r e a ble , i ti s
s a i d , to ' d e s p a tc h th e s e d r e a d f u lr e a n i m a te d
d e a d
o n m i s s i o n s o f e vi l. Bu tth e i r p o w e r o n ly
la s ts th r o u g h o u t' th e n i g h ta n d f a i ls a ts u n -
r i s e .
He r e th e r e i s a n u n d o u bte d s u g g e s ti o n o f th e '
2 2 0 AMODERNOCCULTIST
p r a c ti c a lp o s s i bi li ty o f va m p i r i s m , bu tIc o u ld
n o tle a r n th a tth e s e f o lk p o s s e s s th e lo s ta r to f
i m p r i s o n i n g a h u m a n o r s p i r i ts o u lw i th i n th e
bo d y o f a n a n i m a l. *
Ia m n e ve r th e le s s c o n vi n c e d th a ta m o n g th e
Be r be r s o f No r th Af r i c a w i llbe f o u n d th e k e y
to m a n y le g e n d s th a th a ve c o m e d o w n to u s
f r o m o u r a n c e s to r s i n Gr e a tBr i ta i n , a n d a bo ve
a llIc o u n s e lth o s e g o o d f o lk w h o r e a d th e p le a s -
a n tli ttle f a k e s to r i e s
o f
p r e tty li ttle f a i r i e s
i n
s o m e o f th e m a g a z i n e s o f w h a tp a s s e s f o r p o p u -
la r o c c u lti s m to a ba n d o n th e d e lu s i o n
.
Th e te r m g o o d f o lk i s a p a r a d o x
. Th e y w e r e
th e d e m o n s o r , s p i r i ts o f th e u n h o ly a bo r i g i n e s
w o r k i n g
i n c o n ta c tw i th th e s a va g e s th e m s e lve s ,
a n d i ti s g o o d , - e x c e e d i n g ly g o o d , th a tth e r e a r e
n o f a i r i e s lo o s e i n Br i ta i n to - d a y a n d th a tth e -
a r to f s u m m o n i n g th e m i s w e ll- n i g h lo s t.
Th i s c h a p te r c o m p le te s a llth a tIh a ve to s a y
f o r th e ti m e be i n g . Th e r e i s i n th i s bo o k m u c h
f o o d f o r c a r e f u lth o u g h t. Th o s e w h o r e a d i t
c a r e f u lly w i llf i n d i n i tk e y s to i i u c h th a th a s
* Th i s p r a c ti c e i s c la i m e d to be p o s s i ble o f a c h i e ve m e n tby
bo th F i n n a n d c e r ta i n Re d In d i a n w i z a r d s . Bu tn o f a c ts
s u s c e p ti ble o f p r o o f h a ve e ve r be e n a d d u c e d .
ORIENTALOCCU1 TISM

2 2 1
p u z z le d th e m , a n d s i m p le e x p la n a ti o n s o f p h e -
n o m e n a w h i c h h a ve be e n g r e a tly d e ba te d o f la te
.
Th e g e n e r a lr e a d e r w i lld o u btle s s f i n d th e i n c i -
d e n ts th e m o s ti n te r e s ti n g p a r to f th e bo o k , bu t
to th e c r i ti c a la n d th o s e s e r i o u s ly i n te r e s te d i n
p s y c h i c m a tte r s , I c o m m e n d a c a r e f u la n d r e a -
s o n a ble s tu d y o f th e m o r e -
s c i e n ti f i c s e c ti o n s , f o r
, i n th i s m a tte r o f th i n g s p s y c h i c bo th Sp i r i tu a l-
i s ta n d Sc e p ti c a r e u p o n th e s a m e qu e s t
. F r o m
d i f f e r e n ta n g le s th e y a r e bo th s e e k i n g f o r th e
- Gr e a tTr u th .

THE ADVENTURES OF A MODERN OCCULTIST
BY

OLIVER BLAND

NEW YORK DODD, MEAD AND COMPANY 19520

I

COPYRIGHT, 1920 B : DODD, MEAD AND COMPANY, INC.

96t eulnn & ROOM

Cempmtp

BOOK MANUFACTURERS . RAHWAY NEW JERSEY

(Throughout the history of mankind there have always been a certain number of individuals who have kept alive the sacred fire and held the secret keys of many mysteries.) There are in this book certain disclosures of hidden facts which are given to the world simply v .mysteries of that great Science which we term loosely Occultism. These disclosures are hailed as discoveries and set in their ordered place in the catalogue of human knowledge . in which he plays a part . sion of certain unusual gifts with which Nature has endowed me .INTRODUCTION Tam individual who deals with the by-paths and . and from time to time an advance in general human knowledge or in an applied art or science has revealed to the vulgar some small part of the outer mysteries that have always been known to the initiates . drawn thereto by the posses . . courts neither personal notoriety nor publicity for the strange proceedings. I have always been an energetic student of psychic matters.

following chapters are simply transcripts of some of the. for these things must be hidden lest they are turned to base ends . vi INTRODUCTION because the time is ripe when they should be more fully known and their revelation is counselled by wisdom. The. astoundingly interesting matters which have been reposing for years in. and one of the greatest difficul ties that besets the Occultist is to know what is safe to reveal . They have been set out in conventional narrative form with no great changes except of names and places and the elimination of the rather involved scientific terminology of the psychologist and the laboratory . The revival of deep public interest in psychic matters is only a matter of time. It is for this reason that secrets are hidden from the vulgar and the charlatan. In these days . and then those things which have been of absorbing interest to the few will become of vital interest to the many . Human nature has always suffered from its lack of discrimination between Prophets and False Prophets. my diaries and note-books.

It is not advisable to seek transcendental experiences without a sound working knowledge of the rootsprings of these phenomena. An interest in Occultism is common to most people. and the student of Psychic Research will all find in these pages much to interest them and much to ponder. and one of the purposes of this volume is to render invaluable assistance to those who possess psychic gifts in greater or lesser degree . I have added footnotes here and there which will direct any interested reader to further sources . INTROI)ttCTtON vii when meu are turning from the crude materialism of the nineteenth century and the true scientist is the last person to deny the realities which were deemed mythical a few short years ago. but a deep study of its principles and its phenomena is attainable only by the few . they may serve to fill a certain need . It throws light in some of the dark places which have seemed obscure to those of the modern schools of thought who have not studied ancient knowledge. the Theosophist. The Spiritualist. As it is impossible to expound an infinite mass of fact within the limits of a slender volume.

but the purpose of the book is directed to the general reader rather than to the student or specialist who will doubtless know more than these pages can tell him . viii / INTRODUCTION of information than my condensed tezt"ffords. OLIVER BLAND . .

AN EXTERTMENT ON THE THEORY OF PROTECTIVE VIBRATION 56 76 . PAGE THE DEAD RAPPER THE AUTOMATIST ASTRAL LIGHT . IX. III. XI . 194 V. SEX IN THE NEXT WORLD THE REALITY OF SORCERY INCENSE AND OCCULTISM BEASTS AND ELEMENTALS POSSESSION' . VIII. 93 117 141 157 171 . TROMETER IV. 36 II. X. SOME NEW FACTS AND THEORIES ORIENTAL OCCULTISM . CONTENTS CHAPTER I. VII . VI . AND . . 1 17 PSYCHO-LAS.

.

"Read not to contradict and confute. not to believe and take for granted but to weigh and consider . Bacon's Essays. .

.

THE ADVENTURES OF A MODERN OCCULTIST .

.

As an 'undergraduate he was an ardent antiSpiritualist. I was therefore rather surprised to receive a letter from him which showed that he was in London and knew that I was working on research subjects. and though he was i . He never completed-his course or took a degree because family reasons. His letter was couched in rather non-committal terms. some catastrophe of some kind or another :made it imperative for him to earn a living at once . He dropped out of sight of our little world and I had oily heard of him casually as having something to do with oil wells in Mexico and had not come into contact with him for years .THE ADVENTURES OF A MODERN OCCULTIST CHAPTER I THE DEAD RAPPER I HAD known Harry Carthew as a second-year man at Oxford .

I prefer the definite . Experience has taught me to mistrust the man who approaches with indirect advances to the subject of Spiritualism . as he can never assure himself that the possibility of fraud has been absolutely eliminated. I make it an invariable rule never to discuss psychic matters with people who are ignorant or sceptical of them. unless the sceptics are of a class sufficiently educated to be able to appreciate the absolute facts of the phenomena associated with Spiritualism . But it is difficult to convince either a clergyman or an ordinary medical man of the reality of any psychic phenomena because he is not mentally trained in the same inexorably logical processes of thought as are the engineers and scientists . A scientist or an engineer can aspure-himseTf fairly easily of the genuineness or otherwise of phenomena provided that he is given every latitude for research . It is impossible to convince a non-scientific person by facts. 2 A MODERN OCCULTIST a man whom I had never known well. he expressed an anxiety to meet me again and lay before me certain psychical problems that were puzzling him .

for it is undoubtedly an axiom that the Seeker after Truth. however sceptical he may be. For it is not the lack of belief or disbelief of the one or few sceptics that weakens the influence . It is the mass belief of the whole circle in the hostile influence of the sceptic that does the harm. some years had passed. has no hostile influence in a properly constituted circle . Tropical sunlight had bronzed and wrinkled his skin. his eyes had the clear hard steel-grey . and if every Oxford man held to the eccentric habits and beliefs of his puppy days the world would be a sorry place . He had changed so much that when he entered the smoking. journalist who demands facts and judges on facts. I wrote to him asking him to dine with me at my club during the following week . After thinking matters over I decided that it might be wrong to prejudice Carthew by his undergraduate views .' After all.room I did not recognize him. It has ever been a matter of regret to me that the mass of Spiritualists hold the fallacious idea that a sceptical influence can hinder a seance . THE DEAD RAPIER 3 challenge of a critical.

I always thought you fellows were simply running it as a craze. (Trey $" "Yes. Malaria had thinned down his form and his hands were bigveined and tremulous with quinine. A bottle of good wine is a splendid lubricant for the human tongue. "but I thought that you did not believe in it . God ! but I wish that I did not !" He was silent with emotion for a moment. Indians and a sprinkling of Chinese coolies . 'You still go on with Spiritualism. Four other whites to speak to and for the rest native peons. Over the meal he told me a good deal about his life abroad." His answer almost shocked me with its violence . then resumed : "You know I never believed in it at the House. and the Burgundy -a "Clos du Poi. but up at Los . and I realized something of the deadly loneliness of a white man's life in the dull oil fields of Mexico. Over the coffee and cigars he came to' his point." I answered him. 4 A MODERN' OCCULTIST fadedness of the blue iris that comes to men who have gazed long across deserts ." '84-soon eased him of all awkwardness. don't you.

and I used to think the planchette mental mirage. and I have seen him sit there in the patio of the office building with the little jigger dancing about over reams of paper. broad as he was long and full of queer fancies. and one night he blazed up into a strange bit of rage and stood there in the moonlight . squatshaped. turned mountain standing on its head in the desert-mirage of course. a silent man . "He was. One's brain plays one strange tricks down there in the Tierra Caliente. but he persuaded me to try the thing. Bill Tregarthen . "I thought he was crazy. a queer fish. and I have seen an up . RAPPER 5 Chicharras--=that was the third big oil gusher that the Company owned-there was a Cornish mining engineer. and I got messages. and Ellen has been dead for four years-she was my old nurse-Ellen "Even then I was only half convinced . subconscious stuff of some kind-and I didn't believe . He had a little planchette board that he used to consult about everything. too . "Then Tregarthen used to laugh at me for a fool. THE DEAD. One day it spelt out a message from Ellen.

`°I knew at once-that's the odd thing about.' said he . indeed. and since then I keep on hearing the raps . I will tell you that I am right when I am dead . . I cannot get into touch with him. I know that Tregarthen is keeping his pledge. I thought little enough of it at the time. and the whole place a blinding blaze of sunlight . it.id odd people we are and we know old odd things . the very dogs silent in the streets. and a week later I went back from Los Chicharras to the Offices at -Tampico. `I suppose it was a month later that I heard the first knock . "That was six months ago. I tell you . 6 A MODERN OCCULTIST shaking his fist at me. `O. but I and another man at last calmed him down and got him off to bed . right in the heart of the siesta hour. Not a soul moving. 'We Cornish folk have known the unwrit lore for all time.' "Lots of the stuff he raved at us that night. It was past midday. You will not listen to me now. I knew instantly in my heart that Tregarthen was dead . but you shall listen then. but I cannot answer him back .

for then the hatred was all on Tregarthen's side. though of a low and violent type. can you help me l" I asked him what he had done. Carthew was clearly desperate and absolutely in earnest . I asked Carthew if he could give me particulars of how Tregarthen died.another plane.THE DEAD RAPPER r 7 "Now tell me this-with all your knowledge of these things. The problem was a peculiar one. I knew without his telling me what was at the back of his mind. This mental persecution had produced a prodigious feeling of hatred for the dead man-a feeling of hatred that had not existed when he was alive. There was also the possibility that the knock was pure hallucination and not a genuine clairaudient phenomenon at all. for here was a live man to all intents haunted by a malicious spirit now on . and I was not . and of honest. and he told me a long chronicle of visits to mediums in New York. of an attempt to talk through a voodoo woman in New Orleans. patient sittings in a little suburban circle in Iron don. Carthew's character was a strong one.

though powerful enough for research work. Tregarthen. . He assented readily. but my little circle was. A small oil gusher had broken out as an offshoot from the larger one . i 8 A MODERN. through an accident or carelessness-he was a deep drinker-had destroyed himself when preparing the charge . .Carthew if he was prepared to attend a seance or two and if he would put himself completely in my hands . and I reinforced the circle by the . In order to cut off the flow and waste of oil it is the practice to force a dynamite cartridge into these small leads . I was holding private seances twice a week then. reasserting his dominant desire to be able to talk back to Tregarthen . I asked. During the -week I got into touch with a private medium whose faculty of clairaudience was coupled with an excellent nervous system. OCCULTIST surprised to learn that his end had been a violent one. This when exploded breaks the natural channel of the oil and blocks the outlet. quite unsuitable for dealing with an` abnormal case of undesired communication.

is no sceptic concerning occult phenomena and is admittedly one of the most successful practitioners of curative psychology that we have . but Dr . to-day. THE DEAD RAPPER . Miller." the other a rather elusive and intermittent control that answered to the name of "Montecatini." who answered in an entirely different voice and showed a distinct and separate personality. Miller's cures of " shell shock " during the war have shown that one's estimate of his powers was perfectly correct. A few days later Carthew came to my chambers in the Temple and was introduced to the members of the circle . one a spirit called "Louis.* who. though not a professed Spiritualist." The trance state was entered almost immediately and "Louis" took control." The control "Louis" was then dispossessed by Montecatini. I asked him to find Tregarthen and he showed considerable reluctance. The medium engaged in this case was under double controls. insisting that he was "not there . I placed him on the left-hand contact side of the medium and lowered the lights .9 addition of Dr. *All names of people and places have been changed.

it's from a bad spirit ." "Who is it rapping. "No." "why not?" "He is too heavy ." "What do you mean?" 10 . and almost on the echo of the words a distinct audible rap came from the ceiling of the room." was the answer. Carthew recognized it instantly and flinched as if it were a personal blow at him . "Why won't they let him come?" "Afraid of him. "Have you got Tregarthen there?" I asked ." "He can't." (Carthew was sunburnt. but I can't bring him ." "I have found him. I didn't do it." said Montecatini. then?" "It's a sent rap for somebody.) "He wants to speak to the spirit who sends it." `But you said you could find Tregarthen . they won't let him come here." "Who is the rap for?" "For the brown man. A MODERN OCCULTIST "I can find him.

" I placed an ordina~y gramophone trumpet on a light table within the circle." I then determined to break the circle and set Carthew on a chair outside ." i "Can't Louis help you bring him f" This was answered after a pause by the voice of Louis . then we rejoined hands and concentrated . not out of the medium. `Yes. but it was the voice of Montecatini ." I told them ." I told him. I THE DEAD RAPPER 11 "Too heavy-too low down-too much hatred. he is coming--but he doesn't want to come." "I want him to speak to us through the trumpet. "If you want to get through to Tregarthen. Then the voice came out of the trumpet. Almost immediately there were three knocks on the table close by the trumpet. "you must subdue that hatred of yours . `I We will try if you all help-but the brown man is hindering us . "Can you get Tregarthen now?" I asked. . I am going to try for Tregarthen by the direct voice method.

" I said sharply ." said the voice of Tregarthen . and it was a dreadful thing to hear. "Stop that. The two normal controls." whom we had sent to fetch Tregarthen's spirit. had disappeared . and for the future there is no sense in ii. "I want Carthew-here. You must stop sending these knocks . and then his words "Tregarthen-at last!" The trumpet chuckled at him. "Ask him if he knows who's here?" "Carthew !" blared the trumpet in the voice of Tregarthern. I heard the crash of Carthew's chair falling back as he rose. and I suddenly realized that something dangerous had happened. a hard sardonic chuckle. "I want him to keep me company where I am now. "Now listen to me ." Again the trumpet began to chuckle . You have proved to Carthew that you were right. 12 A MODERN OCCULTIST "He's a bad spirit and he won't talk." The medium began to writhe uneasily. Tregarthen. "Louis" and "Montecatini." said the control .

Something of a spirit of uneasiness and a general sense of danger began to spread through the circle. grasping my wrist and Miller's. `here is your chance . and at the crucial point I will do something which will destroy his power over you for ever l Now 1" Carthew's grip burnt into my wrists as he took hold of himself. "Now man! " I told him. I called to Carthew to come into the circle again and to cross his hands.I THE DEAD RAPPER 13 and Tregarthen himself had taken over control. You must fight him with the whole of your will-power . raise him to anger. so as not to break the chain when entering. He stood in the circle towering above us on our chairs and he poured into that trumpet a breadth of bilingual Spanish and English invective that would have led to murder anywhere. We have Tregarthen here. and then all the bitter. Defy him. and we will help you all we can. He paused for breath and from the trumpet . dominant hatred that was in the man flamed out.

and instantly broke the circle. bidding Tregarthen. and at the height of his peroration I concentrated the whole of my psychic energies and made the four exorcism signs of the martinist ritual. The reaction from the violence of the seance left us all spent and shaken. All the pent-up hatred of the past months winged his words . I then roused the medium from the trance with a couple of simple passes . The consciousness of his torment made his quarrel just. begone. Later experiments with her showed that the domination by the Tregarthen control was. never to return and never to be able to send a rap. The medium recovered. but a spluttering. but feeling unusually exhausted . purely temporary and that "Louis" and "Montecatini" had reasserted command . He laced into his ghostly antagonist as if he had the earthly body there in front of him . . My own opinion is that nothing but the intense "hate concentration" of Carthew toward his ghostly antagonist could have enabled Tregarthen to assume control at all . furious attempt to reply . I had no need to prompt him to go on . 14 A MODERN OCCULTIST came no chuckle. stammering. remembering nothing.

The direct voice he ascribed to unconscious or subconscious ventriloquism by the medium. Miller was more convinced by this astonishing seance than by far more material phenomena that he had seen. but wild horses could not drag him to a seance. He held that Carthew was the subject of an obsession and that the whole of the phenomena were due to subconscious hypnotism of the medium alternatively by me as a believer in Spiritualism and by Carthew . we were present at an amazing duel between Carthew's conscious mind and an obsession of his subcon- . In other words. r THE DEAD RAPPER 15 It was a duel of wills between the living and the dead. and I am not sure that it was not a duel which ended fatally for the soul of Tregarthen . he sent me an explanation of the whole affair argued out on his own lines . Carthew at any rate was free of all trouble afterwards. fought over the narrow no-man's land of the earth and spirit planes. The following day. and he pointed out that the words uttered by Tregarthen were precisely what one would expect Carthew to say if Carthew were in Tregarthen's place . though.

As a man I sympathize with him. but experiments in psychic science can seldom be repeated. really very grateful to us-but as a scientist I would have liked to try again in order to attempt to convince Miller . and. . 16 A MODERN OCCULTIST scious mind that had built itself into a malignant identity. as I say. and he was. but in point of fact I hold it to be entirely wrong. It is interesting as a psychological theory. Carthew refused to submit to any further attempt to evoke Tregarthen. We argued it out a good deal together.

and the ethical value of the teachings received at great length and painstakingly transcribed is often completely valueless . and intermittent.-KNOWN psychic investigator once jokingly complained to me that the telephone service of the spirit world seemed to be as unreliable and badly damaged as that of Great Britain.T CHAPTER II THE AUTOMATIST A wtra. There must inevitably be the human medium. communication is often freakish . That these interpolated writings are conscious 17 . It must be remembered that we who are conducting esearch in psychic matters have a poor range of instruments or tools to work with . and long experience has taught me that in the case of automatic writing one must be prepared to recognize the intrusion of the medium's own thought-processes into the record received from the spirit world . Certainly.

Some results were obtained. who was one of the heroes who gave his life .' The difficulty in automatic writing lies in the association of ideas. and one word written by a planchette or spelt out by an ouija traverser leads to the stimulation of a train of thought in the subconscious mind even though the conscious brain may be in the trance state . but they appear to be either unconscious records of the medium's own thoughts or else the re-transmitted subconscious thought-processes of the medium echoed back by the control . where my work was done in connection with the student Du l'lessis. I have hopes that in the future we shall be able to devise an appliance for the recording of automatic writing in which the function of the medium will be purely that of a bridge between the two planes and in which the physical act of writing will be mechanically perforlped. 18 A MODERN OCCULTIST frauds by the mediums we can unhesitatingly deny. but the machine was not successful or reliable . Latterly we abandoned the idea of an actual print-registering machine for a device designed to register impulses on ' a wax cylinder. * I carried out a long series of experiments with the idea of developing an automatic recorder operating on the lines of the familiar tape machine.at Verdun. and experimented at length both in London and in Paris. something on the lines of a phonograph . .

Holland in India and Mrs. H. THE AUTOMATIST 19 The difficulty is to' piece together what can be termed the true spirit messages out of the mass of pseudo-communications that surround them. Verrall at Cambridge .The spirit of F . the person with whom he wishes to talk were also in an exchange at Newcastle. He can go from instrument' to instrument and speak through. but all the ijnstruments keep on going out of order. A popular idea of the difficulty of communication can be gained by imagining a man in a telephone exchange in London trying to talk to Newcastle. He. This would not matter if . Later communications were received in complex fashion from other sources and the to .. so that only disconnected fragments of communication pass over one wire.* *It is -a saddening and depressing thought t o 'think of a recently passed over spirit racing from medium to medium in an attempt to get through bits of messages to an individual on this plane. too. W . . Myers had communicate through mediums as distant as Mrs. but we must imagine the mortal recipient of spirit messages as a subscriber with only one defective instrument . the familiar examples of "cross-correspondence" are a valuable guide in the complexities that are involved in the question . The analysis of. could pass to other instruments.

Spiritualists are accustomed to divide these spirits into classes of good and bad.P before they made any sense at all .P . . and it has been assumed on all too slender grounds that only the "good" spirits tell the truth about the other planes . Vole . it is from these writings that the Spiritualist conception of life in the next world is gleaned. XX to XXV inclusive. Other writers have had accounts of terrors beyond the veil : shocking and astonishing revelations of new concepts of evil.R. just as there are wicked and untruthful men. fluent. but latterly there has been a distinct tendency to suppress all mention of the bad communicators and to attempt the organization of Spiritualist and whole had to be collected by the Research Officer of the S .. There are bad and lying spirits. Many a student has found eloquent. .R . and even direct incitements to the commission of criminal acts in this plane . Proceedings 2 . exotic violences of the soul. 20 A MODERN OCCULTIST Difficult as the subject of automatic . writing is. and convincing description of the life beyond the veil flow from his pen when the spirit controls were working well.

and the establishment of a mediumistic hierarchy is essential . There is more in Spiritualism than the mere assurance to inquiries that life on the other side is very beautiful. private automatists and others. on the other hand. These things dominate the minds of a certain . or more recently. research circles.. but it is an undeniable fact that in public circles our leading exponents now never admit that any of the spirits who communicate have been anything but mortals whose end was normal. Bad spirits are bad business and it is bad form to mention them outside certain circles . The professional mediums. organization. Any investigator of experience will recognize at once that the spirits of suicides are frequent communicators to private. realize that to attain financial success. This tendency would be fatal to the progress of occult investigation . that vocations similar to those on earth are followed there and that there is a steady upward progression . those who were killed in battle. .psychic investigation as an unorthodox ascend- ing sect organized as a distinct church or religious body .

The history of all religions and analysis of their tenets reveal one great outstanding fact . or element that lead scientists to study it. There has always been an element of fear and terror connected with all conceptions of the after-life . A MODERN OCCULTIST 22 _ section of the English Spiritualists. and their . Russian. The very fact of the admitted existence of bad and evil spirits capable of malice. is in itself fatal to the bed of rose-leaves theories . It has been cast at me as a reproach that I have pursued vain and extraordinary paths of research.tacit negation of the other darker side of the revelations is entirely contrary to French. so in the realm of psychic science it is only through close study of the abnormal that we can attain to any clear idea of the normal. There is nothing in revealed Spiritualism to suggest that abstract justice is more prevalent on the next plane than on this imperfect earth . In science it is the abnormal properties of a ne'w gas. compound. not disdaining to delve into dark se- . and certain Latin-American schools of thought.

spare figure. and the old schools of sorcery and art magic held psychic secrets that are still reproducible but yet inexplicable in these twentieth-century days . black-bearded. These books consisted of some rather commonplace manuscripts of certain philosophical transactions dealing with occult phenomena . One of the most wonderful automatists. A tall . that suggested in a vague way something feline or leopard-like . vividly pale in complexion. I ever met was the late Jules Carrier. Paris in the early thirties of the last century was 'seamed with secret organizations devoted . THE AUPOMAPIST' 23 crete of occultist ritual whose proceedings. Yet Shamonnisn4 is Spiritualism. would be unorthodox and blasphemous if laid bare to the orthodox and anaemia Spiritualist circles of Balnam. I met him quite by chance in a bookshop in the Rue de Valenciennes whose proprietor had written to me about some curious early nineteenth-century manuscripts that had come into his possession . he had dark hazel eyes with brown mottled rings about the pupil . aquiline-nosed.

and only from time to time can one find these peculiar archives of occultist activity in odd booksellers' shops and the libraries of students .* so whenever an odd "Grimoij e" or early matter on occultism fell to his lot he would put it by against my next visit. 24 . "The library and papers of Alphonse . The strong arm of the clerical party drove the philosophers underground. The great impulse of the Revolution had produced in turn Napoleon and then the Bourbon reaction . He it was who introduced Carrier to me as a fellow-student. but he made it abundantly clear that Carrier was too poor to be a book buyer and that he himself looked on him as a peculiar acquaintance rather than as a customer. and I was delighted to find that Carrier had a wide and erudite knowledge of early books on magical practice . I believe. still in existence but Inaccessible. We fell into conversation.Louis Constant are. I A MODERN OCCULTIST to scientific and political studies . The proprietor of the shop knew my interest in these matters and had before been at pains to secure me certain personal souvenirs from his library of Eliphas Levi.

but also from the loan of books from friends .I I "Automatic writing or original deductive work?" I asked him . Thanks to his help. I have recovered amazing." he replied . "My control is called Fernand de Fequwes and was a monk of the. "I have . I took him off to lunch with me at the Cafe Bastien. Abbey of Saint-Barnabe near Blagues. things that were lost ." He sank his voice as he told me and his leopard eyes seemed to glow golden as the wine in his glass. a number of missing works referred to by contemporary authors. He had. "Automatic-pur et simple. 1 c There are. catalogued several private collections of works on psychic and superoormal subjects . and he explained that he was completing a catalogue or bibliography of books on magic published previously to 1850 . O these there is little knowledge.This he told me he had gained principally by spare-time study at the Librairie de Paris. but little by little I am rewriting them. it appeared." he told me."I know the secrets of the lost inner ritual of the Illuminati." said he. .

but it will inevitably be re-disclosed . two pages of the invocatory ritual for the raising of the spirits of the dead were missing. knowledge may sometimes appear to be withdrawn for a while." I knew too much of the vast breadth and heritage of knowledge that the Hermetic philosophers inherited from the Gnostics to doubt his words. and were full of curiously involved obliquities of meaning and contained some peculiar Hebrew charms of Kabbalistic significance . But their confused script paralyses my hand and I must keep to French and Latin . but verbose. By either bad luck or the design of some earlier owner. They were very interesting. It occurred to me that Carrier might be able to fill the gap by means of automatic writing. I made a note of his address and promised to resume our acquaintanceship on another day. A week later I had had leisure to go through my manuscripts . . a i 26 A MODERN OCCULTIST recovered Pietro Zarantino's invocation. and could I only master ancient Greek I could lay the secrets of the Bacchee bare . Revealed. Having an appointment to keep.

The next night I went to Carrier's. in the corner.' and asking him to my rooms . He opened to my knock and I found myself in a room which made no pretension to disguise the poverty of its tenant. A globeless gas jet burnt 'feebly over a side table on which were some dishes and there was an old and uncleanly box bed . The house was an old tumble down warren. : dirty and ill-kept. He replied by return. but desired me to visit him in his own rooms in order brat he might not be disturbed by novel surroundings . and adding that his control had assented. and at last located Carrier's name as owner of the back room on the third floor . THE AUTOMATIST 27 sd I wrote to him suggesting the attempt. In the centre of the room was a! heavy old fashioned circular pedestal table and on this . the various floors let out in 'rooms or suites of apartments to tenants who were none too particular in their choice of lodging . He Jived in one of those dull meandering streets that rise from the mass of the city toward Montparnasse . Most of his furniture was books . 1~y\ the light of a match I examined the grimy cards pinned in the hallway.. expressing his willingness to help.

He showed me his books. and for a while we discussed Guldenstubbe. paper. but it might even be as late as Madame Lenormand . 28 A MODERN OCCULTIST he had laid out glasses. Leone ThOsoriques et Pratique du Livre de Thotn . "It is more like a note-book of lectures or a precis of an existing magical ritual as performed by a small child . that I had brought with me . 1857. or by Dom Gerle. t Les Sept Nuances de l'tEuvre Philosophique Herm€tique .* I looked at some of ." I told him." * Baron de Guldenstubb& La Rdalitd des Esprits et le Phdnomene Merveilleur de leer Eeriture Directe . 1786 . a bottle of wine. by Cagliostro. "It is about the period of the end of the seventeenth and beginning of the eighteenth century . This is rather different from most of the books of the period.f In the meantime Carrier was glancing through the imperfect MS . . The writer might have been one of the adepts trained byFrancis Barret." said he. his automatic writings that gave interpretations of some aspects of Etteilla and was in particular interested in a new rendering of his Boqk of Thotn. What do you make of it?" "That is just how it struck me.

but the pencil stayed almost immobile on the!paper forming a little knot of scratches." Carrier soon passed under control ." " Sometime I will experiment with them. "but for the present let us see if we can recover the ritual on the missing pages ." said Carrier. His mouth seemed to fall slack and open in rather ghastly fashion and the eyeballs turned up under the lids so. 1 ."Hardly 1815. inl this matter of the invocation of simple elements he has resolutely reduced his formula to mere essentials . betters. For instance. that though he wrote with half-opened eyes only the blue-tinted white of the eyeballs could be seen under his heavy lids . This1 man had in his way reduced his art magic to !what one may term working formula . I think. Two kinds of the wearisome Hebrew prayers are gone and the actual mechanie4l adjuncts' to the invocation are simplified . His hand and forearm began to twitch spasmodically. "His consecrations too are limited simply to the 'repetition of words of power . The interesting thing is that{ this writer seems to have shorn his ritual of lots of the inessential matters . °'but no matter." I told him. but no .

but muck that has been sealed to the philosophers shall be known to the healers of men." "Will you reveal to us the missing pages of your manuscript?" The answer was unexpected. Without a pause the pencil wrote rapidly in a sharp angular script : I Marcel Theot. In the third decade of this century shall there be a revival of art magic. for you too are initiate and know what progress is permitted to the children of men . Adept and Minor Master of the Arcana ." the pencil wrote." * *This would seem to point to the present research in psychology and psychotherapeutics and its applications to cases of " shell shock " and kindred mental disturbances . the Grand Copt of the Universe. "Who is the author of these manuscripts?" I asked ." "Under whom did you study?" "Under the divine Giuseppe Balsamo Count Cagliostro. This I say unto you . and later under Doctor Jules Lemereier pupil of Lavater and Cagliostro . 30 . "I can reveal these secrets. A MODERN OCCULTIST Finally I saw that he had completely entered the trance state and was directly under control . "To you two.

The control revealed a complete and ip-to= date knowledge of movements in the world of psychic research and the refrain of the communications was ever the same. All went . was lighted by a gas jet and we were not in darkness. large-lettered. There was a moment of indecision. and straggly lettering to the staid precise wellformed handwriting of the original manuscript. The room. but the characters would not form . These things were known before. but clear and distinct the flickering globe of blue light formed . remember. well until it came to the names of God." At length the control took up the actual communication of the missing portion of the ritual and Carrier's automatic script changed entirely from his own angular.a small lambent sphere of bluish light . but mankind had not the sense to apply the doctrines and practice . Carrier's hand struggled with the attempt to produce the letters. trim. and then I saw hovering over the table . which had to be written in Hebrew eharacters in the corners of the triangle within the pentagon of the president of the air .

for I too am a creature of the fire and it is only on the underplanes ." Once again the globe of fire redissolved the hand. ANIEL. Carrier came round and I boiled him up a glass of hot water. This hand took the pencil and wrote the names in Hebrew characters Vrvaa1aAa. with a liberal . While the rest of the ritual was being written the globe of light into which the hand had redissolved hovered over the table. but Nahemah will answer. then there formed within the light a plainly visible hand bearing a curiously wrought talismanic ring. but at the end of ' the script when Carrier's hand fell idle it returned and materializing again wrote in bold script in ordinary Latin characters : "The dead ye will summon. that I command. which. then the whole ascending toward the ceiling appeared to expand. 32 A MODERN OCCULTIST over the table. then descended to wrap round Carrier's hand and pencil . and MuMIAH. then withdrew again. With it there seemed to come an impression of intense cold. dissipate and vanish away.

Thus Carrier." I said. "I thought it was more than usual. I do not quite see what to expect ." said he ruefully . "That may account for the way my hand is aching. Nahemah is the spirit queen who'. soon restored him to himself." he said . and bruised . that Nahemah will answer.first joint of the forefinger were actually swollen. Together we went over the script while II told him of the curious phenomenon that I had witnessed. "It is the last part of the message that he has attached to the ritual that puzzles me. construction of a protective circle of exorcism in which the names of God are frequently repeated and which is in' itself supposed to be demonproof and then warns us. THE AUTOMATIST 33 dash of wine. presides over the female devils of obsessions--the Succubi. "This Marcel Theot seems to be a terrible fellow." and spreading his hand out in front of him we both noticed for the first time that !both the first joint of the thumb and the nail and''. my friend. "Assuming that he is actually a bad spirit." . he yet seems to be able to repeat the.

" said Carrier. I I are known to be able to assume the forms of the most desirable of women. and later analysis of the ritual as compared to others-showed that in the process of condensation many of the safeguarding ceremonies and propitiatory invocations had been discarded. This Marcel Theot studied thaumaturgy and magic under Cagliostro and his followers. The actual materialism of a spirit hand to aid . You notice that he styles himself minor i master." I agreed. order to obtain the supernatural qualification of carnal desires . and you know to what amazing practices the Grand Copt set his female devotees . In any case I have deemed his ritual unsafe for `experiment and have taken steps so that it can never fall into unsuitable hands. 34 I A MODERN OCCULTIST "The Succubi. It is probable that the invocation in its peculiarly condensed style opens the doors to dangers that are not present when the full ritual is applied . My own opinion is that Marcel Theot was one of that numerous class of people who undertook the study of magic only i n .

THE AUTOMATIST 35 automatic writing is such an unusual occurrence that to my mind it completely disposes of any theory of other than spirit knowledge being applied in this particular case . .

In actual point of fact at least two-thirds of the light manifestations seen at Seances may be classed as dubious and a portion of them are more than dubious. To this blind belief in the goodness" of spirit light in itself we may trace certain disastrous 36 . so to speak. taken at face value as a criterion of goodness. they are malevolent manifestations. Many mediums possess this power of attracting on-emitting light and even small circles where there is in truth little enough Light in the true psychic sense. yet produce this. It is possibly because it is so easy to induce light phenomena of various kinds that the production of any form of spirit luminosity has been.CHAPTER III' ASTRAL LIGHT AND THE PSYCHO-LASTROMETER OxE of the commonest phenomena associated with Spiritualism is the production of light . the most elementary of the phenomena .

welcomed as spirit visitors. It is a testimony that life-after-death endures. To the average Spiritualist the success of a small circle in the production of spirit lights is a heartening message from the spirit world . But among the mass of humble practitioners of Spiritualism who. desire to identify these manifestations with the Pentecostal tongues of fire and similar analogies . The myth springs possibly from an acceptance of early Bible teachings and a . is raised in the minds of those present concerning the innate and essential "goodness" of the visitation . follow the path of the Light are many that are mistaking astral evils for psychic good . and no doubt. I ASTRAL LIGHT 37 mentalc amitestha veo rtakento rust-l ful searchers . and as such the phenomena are'. The light phenomena are customarily associated with the dark or semi-dark seance because in the full light of day or under normal . In order to avoid confusion I shall use the term astral light to describe the usual spirit light . sometimes identified as actual spirit forms.

We must go far back into history and indeed beyond the bounds of history before we can come to a time when this manifestation of light was "Notes of an Enquiry into the Phenomena Called Spiritual .S. Ap- . William Crookes. unless one is clairvoyant or unless the concentration of spirit force is so marked that there is no possibility of mistaking it. 39.. Class VIII : Luminous pearances.* In other cases they take the form of direct rays and in certain individuals have been known to occur as flashes like dull electric discharges . A MODERN OCCULTIST conditions of artificial light it is almost impossible to see the astral light at all. or gather into clouds before a materialism or in support of a particular effort. p. The normal appearance of astral light is that of indefinite globular or pear-shaped masses of faint phosphorescence. These appear near sitters or on objects in the room and frequently move about. wax and wane.R . Another not uncommon form is the projection from -the body of a distinctly defined aura or radiation of light which is faintly luminous like the gases in a Geissler tube subjected to oscillant discharges. 91 . F .

We find it in the myth of the luminous bull'. light seen by circles is that generated and given off by the human mental energy of the circle itself. part of the religious mysteries of the magicians of Chaldea who transmitted the secret knowledge to the seers of Egypt . in the Greek mysteries and again as an attribute of the great healer Apollonius of Tyana . but it appears to be something more substantial than the mere emission of vibrations that it is .. ASTRAL LIGHT 39 not one part of the common stock in trade of the thaumaturge or wonder worker . The manipulation and control of astral light phenomena were. The greater proportion of the astral'.'' This mysterious radiance plays equal parts :in the records of the lives of the saints and in the terrible archives of the trials for sorcery . Confusion exists because to the untrained eye of mankind all forms of astral light are identical. The physical nature of this psychoplas~n has so far defied all attempts at scientific research. The spirit-forms are all too often thought-forms built up out of the liberated psyclioplasm or thoughtmatter given off by sitters .

Gambier Bolton. It is a conceivable hypothesis that both are functions of the vast unknown mechanism of the subconscious self. but the precise limitations of both the astral body-matter-ectoplasm. but which under certain conditions is capable of being energized by the intelligence of the living or by discarnate intelligence. and astral mind-matter psychoplasm are not yet ascertained . It can best be realized as being to the mind what ectoplasm * is to the body of the medium. 'It is to this radiation of psychoplasm that we must look for the explanation of such a simple thing-and at the same time such a com-. * For details concerning ectoplasm see GUM i» Solid Form.Underthscointbemsluminous and under certain further conditions can be used as the vehicle for the transmission of force. etc. the emission of psychoplasm is the basis of most Spiritualist phenomena . but where the capacity for the projection of ectoplasm is rare. 40 A MODERN OCCULTIST commonly held to be . It appears to be an allpenetrating imponderable emanation which dissipates rapidly. I I .

There too' is the clue to its physical source. A. party of. Do we not all know the peculiar atmosphere whidh .to the mind whence it came. just as the materialized ectoplasm is reabsorbed into the body of the medium. rounds individuals and places 7 The phenomena associated with apparitions have been ascribed to the penetration of structure by violently liberated psychoplasm set. when it is considered what may occur to the projected psychoplasm which is emotionally liberated beyond the confines of the body and beyond its living human control . The dangers latent in assuming all astral light phenomena to be "good" can be realized'. Under other circumstances the psychoplasm retreats back in. Under normal circumstances psychoplasm is dissipated and the liberated energy that animated it goes with it to return in the normal way of the cycle of life .sur.some half-dozen form a circle in . for in some obscure way blood and the emanations from blood play a vital and important part in psychic matters .free in moments of passion and bloody violence.pier thing-as psychic atmosphere .

• They may unknowingly include among themselves an individual.is a garden of purity or who may have some tendency to some unknown enormity? Yet it is precisely this weakness that makes a soul-appalling danger of the hideous mental promiscuity that is one of the essential things of which all the more ingenuous and simple believers and a few clever evil hypocrites among Spiritualists make a cult. or the cruel. They may know one another well or they may be. who has somewhere a secret kink--a mental leaning-it need not be an actually accomplished physical fact-but simply an inclination to the obscene. comparatively speaking. strangers . who comes ? There is no gifted Spiritualist or student of 42 . can they fathom the secret soul of each sitter? Can they say whose mind. the evil. man or woman. A MODERN 00CULTIST some provincial city . concentrates on the attraction of the discarnate spirits of those who have passed over-and what comes. . However well they may know the public lives of the members of the circle. The circle launches its prayer.

that insistence upon their existence has latterly become unfashionable in Spiritualist circles--because it does harm to the professional medium. J . but not even the most insistent of suppressive propaganda can live down the writings and testimonies of the past and the ever-recurrent undeniable phenomena of the present .. the etherealizatiou l of the psychoplasm of the believers is mistaken for the materialization of the spirit . H . their reabsorption into the sitters after being charged Something of this . It is not too much to say that in nine cases out of ten where a crude and humble belief in Spiritualism is put in practice by a circle of operators whose standard of education and intellectual attainment is low. by Interested in Spiritualism. Hyslop .view may be found in the chapter on "Pseudo Spirit Phenomena" in Borderland of Payo I Research. ASTRAL LIG15 43 matters psychic who has not had either personal or absolutely credible second-hand experience of the existence of bad or lying spirits It is true.* So much for the visible luminous appearances . ' all .of astral light . Now let us consider the range of probabilities that may affect these . A book deserving of attention'. It must be borne in mind that it is the process of.

which splits memories and picture memories into integral fragments . It is the dominance of the human will that is the first positive danger . and there is the Law of Redintegration. but can be classed for practical purposes as a half-truth. Psychologists know that certain fixed laws govern mental processes . whichenables the subconscious mind to reassemble the part memories into one completed picture of a past scene or event. there is the Law of Integration. (3) spirits of ex-mortals. 44 A MODERN QCCULTIST with outside influences that introduces the element of danger. Part of the accepted dogma of Spiritualism is that hostile or unbelieving influences are antagonistic to the spirits. is at the command of (1) stronger human wills in the circle. once beyond the control of the sitter. The astral light. (4) higher spirits . (2) the lower or baser forms of discarnate intelligence. There is the Law of . which evokes the association of ideas . This is by no means accurate. Similarity. the state of mental concentration and muscular relaxation that is necessary to the seance bears a close and analogous resemblance to the state .

then faith in the inexplicable wonders of Spiritualism is born . "Do you believe in Spiritualism?" The honest sceptic. leaves the mind receptive of ideas '. it is impossible to say What ASTRAL LIGHT . and the ideas received back into the mind are those impressed upon the psychoplasm that is'.The first requisite of the Spiritualist is the question put to him or her by others of the cult . In other words the mind of the neophyte accepts the whole loose doctrine of Spiritualism and is prepared to believe that all phenomena are due to spirit influence. The mental or emotional state produced by the participation of a devout believer in a seance. liberated and is visible as astral light and is reabsorbed into its sources after it has ''been beyond the control of its originator's consciousness . the unreasoning man-inthe-street observer is soon converted by evidence. In a circle of ten or fewer people where the sexes are mixed. 45 of consent that the hypnotist demands of his subject. . and does not attempt to further analyse the accepted spirit influence .

A MODERN OCCULTIST 46 suppressed 'desires may be latent in the minds of those who compose it. Even without the knowledge of the dominant influence his or her will or thought-force e mission will gain mastery over those of the others. this will be communicated to the others or to the selected other furthering the desire . The next stage occurs where passion or desire on the part of one member of the circle for another is absent. It is an inexorable law that the conscious or subconscious will of the most powerful and determined member of the circle dominates the minds of the others through its influence on the psychoplasm or astral light . there may be members whose secret wishes are not those of the pathway of light. and if there is any violent sex disturbance at the bottom of the dominant will. Love for those who have passed over . Even in the case of circles confined to one sex alone there is the possibility of sex perversion being a secretly dominant mental force in the mind of someone there. Despite repeated statements that the desire of the members of the circle is to meet pure spirits.

next. Like attracts like. These forces attract low-grade spirits some of whom have never been human and the lowest and most vicious of spirits whose human lives have been a cycle of debauchery. forces of a seance liberate all the repressed energy of their past ungratified sexual desires-without knowing it . The gateways of the soul are thrown. Carnality is not confined to this plane nor does it cease upon the. but Helo se may refuse his plea of impossibility and still pursue in the spirit that which escaped her in the. People whose conscious'I mated is free of any vestige of such desire may go to a seance and under the influence of the emotional . in touch with the spirit world while there is latent in tkem either known or suppressed. Abelard may have passed beyond passion into the realm of death. ASTRAL LIGHT 47 may be still carnal love in the hearts of those who remain. The Luw o£ Similarity is one of the rules of psychology . open .. flesh . is one of the laws of Nature. but the endeavour of mortals to get. and unrecognized desire is fataL Every sexual desire the mind has experienced is indexed or pigeon-holed in the recesses of the subliminal mind .

A MODERN OCCULTIST not to whoever may enter in. They are sly and notable liars-they can assume the form of mortals who have passed over and they can assume personality and knowledge that was known to the dead . It is not the guilty alone who suffer. There are no bounds to the malignancy of the impure spirits . but the weak and innocent who J sit beside them.where they work slowly but inevitably to the subversion of conscious "good. By degrees they inculcate evil. The whole body of the psychoplasm of a circle is at the mercy of the mind of the individual to whose call the spirits come. The ideas of gratification become rooted . not in the conscious mind but in the subconscious mind.48 . predisposing the . The practical results of these open-house in vitations to the spirits are devastating . but with an explicit mental invitation to those spirits that derive gratification from the lusts and desires of mortals." The first step toward possession and obsession are often the result of seances. where Truth has been sought with the tongue and Evil within the heart of one present . .

victim to accept -and yield to evil in particular forms. The obvious need is for some method of distinguishing between good and bad projections of astral light . and the preparation known as Sidot's hexagonal blonde.peculiar property of being able to penetrate the ether. The relative purity or potency of astral lights .rays of radioactive bodies have the. Frequently they proceed by slow stages. and the mass of spirit teaching tells us that this property is also common to the disembodied spirits of those who have passed to other planes. It is there that psychic science can come to our assistance . advising and inspiring savage asceticism$' but seizing each stage of natural reaction from this unnatural regime to furtfier subvert their victim in wantonness. are all intensely susceptible to radioactivity. The fluorescent bodies zinc sulphide. The. barium platino-cyanide. To the human eye alone there is no means of 'distinguishing between the etherealizations of the psychoplasm of the believer and the identical luminous phenomena which occur when there is a materialization of the actual spirit .

but these are only necessary to the expert investigator and are of no value to the mere seeker after proof or those who seek communion with the spirits of the dead for the purposes of solace. I have found that an ordinary lipped beaker of Bohemian glass such as is readily obtainable from any maker of laboratory apparatus is admirably suited to the purpose . To make a crude psycho-lastrometer all that is necessary is a wide-mouthed glass jar whose walls should not be more than two millimetres thick. or vulgar curiosity . The neck of this jar must be fitted with a large cork or wooden bung the whole of which is .. The height of the jar should be some eight inches. the width in proportion three and a quarter inches. 50 A MODERN OCCULTIST may be readily ascertained by their effect upon a simple instrument that I have named the Psycho-Lastrometer . This instrument is both cheap and easy to make in the simple form in which I first used it . The later applications which make it a registering instrument in addition to being a mere indicator are necessarily costly. quasi-religious conviction.

To the projecting ends of the needle is secured C a loop of copper wire four inches long whose . The plate of the lastrometer consists'. The centre of this cork should be pierced by a piece of brass wire five inches long. This should standup vertically to the axis of the wire. knitting needle three inches long may be threaded through the breadth of the plate. projecting half an inch on each side. This end is inside the jar and from the hook hangs the plate of the lastrometer . ASTRAL LIGHT 51 covered with tinfoil . bent at one end to form a hook . To the projecting end of the brass wire outside the jar should be soldered a circular collecting disc of brightly polished brass or tinplate three inches in diameter. This needle forms a cross bar at the top of the plate and should be accurately adjusted so that the broad surface of the plate is always ijn the same plane as the axis of the needle . Half an inch from the top edge three slits should be cut in the metal so that a portion of a magnetized' . of a rectangle of thin aluminum two and half inches wide by four inches deep . being thus on edge instead of forming a flat table .

The plate thus swings like a miniature signboard suspended from the book . A MODERN OCCULTIST 52 other end is made fast to the other end of the needle and whose centre passes over the hooked end of the wire through the cork . The surface of one side of the plate is now painted with several successive layers of a saturated solution of gum arabic . These serve to admit external influences to the interior of the lastrometer. solution of barium platino-cyanide . It is desirable that . When complete it will be found that the plate of the lastrometer is highly fluorescent and can be energized into-greater activity by exposure to sun or artificial light . The other side of the plate should be painted with "optical black" or any other suitable dead black varnish . Between the edge of the bung and the central wire should be inserted at convenient intervals three or four sections of glass tubing whose internal bore exceeds half an inch .in one ounce of water to which has been added one and a half drachms of luminous zinc sulphide or Sidot's preparation (preferably the latter) and one liquid drachm of a ten per cent .

I arranged the apparatus that the light thrown out by the psycho-lastrometer impinged upon a selenium cell whose resistance varied from 50. Concentrations of genuine spirit force will. so in . When the force is concentrated in the lastrometerquestions can be answered by the spirits by signaling in Morse or simple code by rotating the plate through an angle of 90 0 against the. as otherwise spirit agency dannot raise its luminous powers to a higher degree . on time abscissas and light co-ordinates will give an accurate scientific record of any differences the ''radiant value of the plate that occur during the seance.000 ohms. which was in its turn connected to a cell and to a Deprex d'Arsonval mirror galvanometer . raise the luminosity of the plate to double and treble its normal output of light . and entirely eliminates any possibility of visual illusion seeming tp make the plate more luminous than before .000 ohms to 100. A series of plotted curves base. lAt. of the light value of the lastrometer plate to be taken.* * The psycho-lastrometer was further perfected .surface force of the magnet . This' enables accurate readings of the actual waxings and wanings. The element selenium is inordinately sensitive to all forms of light rays and according to the light thrown upon it permits xlaore or less electric current to pass . ASTRAL LIGHT 53 the plate should be kept in a §tate of relatively low radiancy. a seance the instrument should be placed within the circle and the jar rotated till the magnetized needle can oscillate freely in its natural position pointing toward the North and South Poles.

To this it may be answered that an ordinary pocket compass placed on the table by the lastrometer would also respond to these forces and the fraud would be transparent. These should always be kept together and allowed to become equally radiant . and to this end it is advisable to prepare a stand' and test-piece made of alum. any variations in the latter can be rapidly verified by comparison with the non-insulated and non-oriented test-piece . 54 A MODERN OCCULTIST It may be urged that this apparatus is not fraud-proof and that it would respond to certain agencies such as the concealment of an electromagnet in the room. Antipathy on the part of the presiding medium to the use of the psycho-lastrometer is invariably a bad sign . lastrometer. no human mental effort conscious or subconscious can affect this simple instrument . to any observer. Spirit messages objecting to it are the most valid reasons for its re- . If this is placed on the table near the.inum and coated with precisely the same solution as is applied to the plate . It is necessary to guard against illusion by imagining that the lastrometer is gaining radiance. So far as bean tell.

anybody in an hour or so of spare time.. that the light surface be retained and that the available metallic surface of the disc should not be diminished more than is necessary. however. To those who are learned in symbolism! I may suggest that the receiving disc at the top' of the wire need not be in the form of a disc. .and such communications should be viewed with the deepest suspicion . The cost of the apparatus is a few shillings. It is desirable. but can be cut or pierced with ornament such as sacred symbols or with any decorative design . it can be made by . tention. and in actual point of fact there is nothing about it that is offensive to the spirits of "good" or to the pure .

The chance-met apparition of the dead is after all a fairly common phenomenon. The average Spiritualist is content to follow the Catholic doctrine of offering up a few devout prayers for the rest of the uneasy spirit should circumstances throw him into contact with it.CHAPTER IV AN EXPERIMENT ON THE THEORY OF . The theory' of the veridic apparition of the recently dead is explainable by various hypotheses.uvi1 VIBRATION phenomena do not come into the province of practising Spiritualism . Apparitions as a whole affect the Spiritualist with as much unreasoning terror as falls to the lot of the non-Spiritualist mortal.PROTBC . The luminous quality or phosphorescence of astral light that enwraps the astral body of the apparition is not necessarily a proof of the surGHOST 56 . but there is little reason to suppose that the human spirit still animates the astral body that appears .

sociated with certain kinds of fish survives thedeath of the organism.body appears . The phosphorescent radiance as . The thinking Spiritualist does not disregard the lessons and analogies of science . to the realms of the understood. But then too-all the Apostles were not of one trade . and luminous bodies or glands extracted from these creatures may be preserved for months after death and still retain elements of luminosity . . The great slogan of Spiritualism is that it is a perfectly natural understandable thing . to the state of the natural .-in a word. But he is not a scientist and is greater as a publicist than as a healer despite his medical degree . the explained and the known. The great names in the history of Spiritualism have been those of scientists like Lodge and Crookes * and it has ever been their desire to translate the apparent miracles of the . supernatural into no less miraculous but more deeply understood parallels with the natural .vival of the identity of the soul whose astral . * Sir Arthur Conan Doyle is perhaps to-day an even greater name. thus is it the duty of every Spiritualist to reduce those things which non-Spiritualistic thought deems supernatural.

Blindly. Little by little it is being recognized that the physics of the 58 . A MODERN 00CULTIST It is no good to tell a materialistic world that owing to the intervention of spirit force mechanical results contrary to all natural laws were obtained. but proof in terms of cold matter-of-fact science. and above all the logical sceptic-who is the easiest of all to convert. the boundless range of unlmown interstellar space . The missionary effort of Spiritualism must be made a crusade not into the minds of the unintelligent but straight into the citadels of reason of the men of science . The sceptic. It is necessary first of all to demonstrate the spirit forces and then to prove that they are forces of the spirit and not natural. proof not in terms of second-hand evidence. can you but once bring him to see the fallacies that underlie his logic--demands proof. The spirit realm is the realm of the ether. so far as the meaning of the term I'natural" may be held to imply limitation to the physical laws governing this mortal earth. the men of science are putting out feelers-theories-pragmatical assumptions that serve them as laws . gropingly.

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ether' is the underlying superheientifie . structure of modern Spiritualism . Little by little their discoveries fall into harmony with our claims,

and we must look upon science as the handmaiden rather than the antagonist of our truth. The theories of apparition that are held vary according to the classification of the apparition. There are numerous instances of apparitions of the living * and there is an infinite mass of data concerning veridical apparitions of the dead . A statistical analysis of 17,000 cases collected by Society for Psychical Research resulted in the finding by the Committee that "Between deaths and apparitions of the dying person a connexion exists which is not due to chance alone ." t A clear distinction must, however, be drawn between apparitions which may appear to relatives, friends, and acquaintances, and then disappear for ever, and those definite and persistently recurring apparitions that go by the name of haunts. The terminology of matters psychic is' loose and inexact, but it is well to have a clear mental
"Proccxd4 gs B .P.R. t Ibid., Vol. X, p . 394.

A MODERN OCCULTIST distinction between the occasional "apparition" and the periodic or repeating "ghost." For purposes of scientific investigation the casual apparition is almost valueless, but the established ghost is the nearest approximation that we can get to a serious test standard for experimental purposes. There are in England at least half a dozen ghosts whose periodical manifestations are regular enough to serve as test instances . The genuine ghost is so rare that from the point of view of psychical research it is vitally important that the haunt should not be harried by every party of sensation-avid amateurs who think they would "like to see a ghost ." The amateur exorcists, the psychically gifted ladies, and all the ragtag and bobtail of well-meaning idiots that disturb a haunt once it, becomes known, can only be compared to a set of eggstealing, bird-scaring boys who invade a woodland sanctuary and destroy the fruition of the work of a painstaking observer of nature who has been recording the life of the rare birds . In parenthesis it may be remarked that if the ghost is a full-blooded manifestation it will 60

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take more than the well-meaning effort of some anaemic amateur psychic to lay it. The very last person who should go near a violent', ghost is anyone whose capacity for mediumship is in any way developed . Mediums should only be present when adequate and experienced mortal controls are there also . In the West of England there is an excellent example of a genuinely haunted house that has so `far resisted all attempts to solve the origin of the haunt, the precise . nature of the supernatural intelligence that directs the manifestation, or the motive of the phenomena .* It is now extremely difficult to get permission to carry out investigations, as adequate precautions have been taken to safeguard both the phenomena and the incautious dabbler in matters beyond the veil. I may take occasion here to warn my readers against the legal risks attached to stating that a house is haunted. In the eyes of the law such
*This particular ghost' has been exorcised without effect . The house has been visited by psychic, experts of considerable eminence, including H . Barson and others . The results of all these investigations were uniformly disastrous and disagreeable, and there is reason to believe that in some cases the health and mentality of less experienced investigators were adversely affected.

A MODERN OCCULTIST 62 -a statement is actionable,, as it tends to depreciate the market value of the property . It is for this reason that stories concerning haunted houses when printed in newspapers have to be obscured in their indication of the precise locality and silent with regard to the name, number, or address of the suspected dw6lling . The verbal repetition of such statements is also actionable and such cases as,the bogus haunting of a house by the tenants or by caretakers in order to avoid payment of rent or the letting of the house are manifest reasons why the matter of haunted houses should always be treated with the utmost discretion . Particulars concerning a reputed haunt can, however, be communicated to a newspaper with safety. All communications to a journal are privileged, and they can be trusted not to print anything which renders them party to an action for damages . In 1913 a well-known student of occult matters announced his theory of, Protective Vibrations.* It was in effect an analysis of the actual
* Capt, Hugh Pollard was the author of this theory . His monograph was never printed, but typescripts of his sensational lecture before the members of the now defunct Odie Club

so to speak." This admits of no disproof. the prime motors or the energy and material.PROTECTIVE VTEATJON 63 physical methods reported to be employed by spirit forces in building up their visible and material forms . A general consensus of opinion discredits ghost photographs unless taken under the strictest test conditions which again implies the presence of the human element . providing units out of which the discarnate intelligence builds its carnate habit. He was in the company of Mr . . He tells me. "The energy or thought-matter" (i. They are. Taken in series he stated that "The presence of human beings was an essential to the appear ance of the ghost . that he had previously spent an interesting night at a haunted house .e. of the manifestation that occurred on that occasion .which certainly do not admit of rejection." This conception embraces psychoplasm and were circulated to certain interested parties . psychoplasm) "extended by the mortals is the matter out of which the astral form is constructed . . liott O'Donell' and obtained a puzzling and unsatisfactory flashlight photograph .assumptions which it is impossible to disregard and. His theory contained several . as unless human witnesses are present there can be no testimony to the presence of the manifestation.

but the researches of Schrenck-Notzing were not then known . may achieve the same result. The sum-total of his theory is that the physical structure of the hallucinar tion-spirit or ghost-form in its early stages of concentration is destructible by many forms of . He makes one notable reservation. due-to concentrated belief and anticipation that a specified ghost will appear. A MODERN OCCULTIST 64 ectoplasm as one. asserting that "there is no evidence to prove that disearnate'iutelligence is the directing force . From this point onward he traces the development of the material astral body as a process of the conversion of the original vibrations into low forms of actual energy which are able to manipulate the atoms of matter and under the directing will of the intelligence or entity build up the materialization." But the purpose of his paper was not to argue concerning the reality of spirits. but to put forward an ingenious scientific theory concerning their mechanism . Pure auto-suggestion. These and other similar experiments all point to the essential probability that the broad sense of his reasoning is`correct.

* At other points in the scale of ether waves come the vibrations associated with sound . but nevertheless a commonplace of physics demonstrable in any lecture room. In. with electricity and magnetic phenomena and with radioactivity. other words. paradoxically enough. materialization cannot be performed under certain conditions of light which means certain conditions of vibration .* A complete scale of all known ether waves. activity. including the visible spectrum. so that the sum-total of two kinds of light is. PROTECTIVE VIBRATION . Ghosts and spirits are integrally bound up with the conditions of darkness and dusk The rays of solar light are admittedly inimical to all these manifestations . t This is a little-known fact. for within the range of light-rays there are rays of another kind of light. darkness . The complexity of these wave-lengths of vibration is enormous. has been drawn by Professor $ebedeftand is given on page 383 of the English edition of Eolb&s Electricity. The light rays which are visible to the human eye represent about onetenth of the complete range of light rays known to exist from ultra-violet to infra-red . 65 etheric vibration of greater force or different wave-length .

it was hardly . . sound (such as the sonorous vibrations of church bells or gongs of special note). Certain kinds of light. ghosts or malevolent spirits. Differences of potential cease to exist and electroscopes and Leyden jars fail to retain their charges. Protective' Vibrations" points out that assuming the existence of . . a ghost cannot manifest . then. and high-frequency electric currents all destroy the initial stages of manifestation by purely mechanical means. Lastly he postulates that `~ in the presence of a radium salt (of specified intensity) . In the presence of a . Under these conditions. these cannot take material shape when opposed by hostile vibrations . for the terrific and incessant discharge of ether waves consequent upon the disintegration of the radium atoms is so powerful' that even such a known and powerful force as electric energy is completely destroyed by it. from stage to stage the "Theory of. 66 A MODERN OC6ULTIST Passing. logically enough." Protection or exorcism by radium salts is undeniably a twentieth-century possibility.radium salt non-conductors of electricity become conductors.

The rays of radioactive salts are unable to pass through lead. 67 conceivable that a manifestation which depends. upon the most delicate of vibrations-the unknown vibrations of the psychoplasm could take place. *The actual locality of X. which is the nearest that we have got to the isolation of the element radium. I determined to pay a visit to the well-known and malignant ghost at X * and actually put to I the test whether or not a ghost can manifest in the presence of a radium salt . and pure radium bromide. PROTECTIVE VIBRATION .will be clear to many in. as otherwise its rays would pass through and destroy the skin and flesh of the man carrying it . Truth is dependent upon experiment. In order to test the theory in actual practice. -always has to be kept in a leaden box or cell. in its initial stages. vestigators . this destructive faculty of radium vibrations caused several mishaps. Before the properties of radium were known. for unwary men of science carried these dangerous salts loose in glass vials in their pockets. upon patient repetition and trial and error .

extended grounds. The lower windows are heavily barred by rusted iron rails without and closed wooden shutters within . and decay. and over it breathes a generally depressing atmosphere of damp. Even creepers seem to have felt the blight that lies upon the mansion. neglect. This was enclosed in a glass vial which was in turn encased in a leaden box . The haunted house is a peculiar old building of no particular architectural beauty .' Viewed from the outside the house presents no outstanding features that attract the eye . for no patch of green or rambling ivy tendril covers the bare surface of the brick. It stands remote and deserted in its own overgrown . but not even the small boys of the neighbouring . Three storeys high. the roof-line stands out against the sky and the dull leaf masses of the surrounding trees . The higher windows are also shuttered. mansard-roofed and turreted with a dozen contorted Tudor chimneystacks. 68 A MODERN OCCULTIST For the purposes of experiment I obtained the loan of a small supply of a solution of a radium salt that gives out powerful emanations . oppression.

exposing the corpse grey plaster behind . The air is heavy and dank with that queer smell of earth that one associates with crypts and graves rather than with the clean new-turned furrow . Half-way up the stair is a landing which marks the limit of activity of the manifestation . from which sweeps up a monstrous wooden staircase . Desolate and forbidding. My key is that of the small back door. and it is used but once or twice a year when the' needs of the psychic call upon us to tread a path of peril and hazard . and here and there wallpaper has peeled off in long leprous' strips. Inside one steps into the cold stone-flagged passages that lead to the empty kitchens and offices . PROTECTIVE VIBRATION 69 village have dared to break the grimy window frames that lie over the shutters . In the rooms beyond that and on the landing itself the presence . Spots of amorphous fungus cling to the walls. the paint of the woodwork dull and dirty. shunned by all men . the mansion and--its grounds lie derelict. The whole house is bare of furniture. The door from the servants' offices opens into the wide Georgian hall.

The windows are barred with high shutters that let in no light. I unpacked my handbag. and from signs in the woodwork it is manifest that the trapdoor was once concealed beneath a big four-poster bed . the remaining partition wall is the one in which is the door to the main corridor that runs through the house . but it seems that beyond that limit the terror cannot go . The room walls are outside walls on three sides. and wrapping myself up in my travelling rug composed myself to read by the light of my . The actual room where the presence is at its strongest is a. The rays of my electric lantern disclose the mats of cobwebs that hang from the rusted cross bars. 70 A MODERN OCCULTIST is terribly powerful.chamber at the end of the first floor. carry the few simple necessities I need on these occasions. A trial shows me that some of the bolts are indeed rusted home with age-old neglect. In the centre of the floor is a deep cavity. in which I . This has been a priest's hiding hole or secret treasure closet. and it is evident that no human hand has disturbed the shutters for years .

It was a dark and moonless night and not a flicker or ray of external light penetrated the dark stretches of the haunted room . that sense of the dread and the uncanny that seems to grip the very heart and the base of the skull in a numbing grip of fear. PROTECTIVE VIBRATION 71 travelling candles until the hour of ten was reached. put out my candle. Cold grew the room. Slowly out of the darkness seemed to come pinpoints of bluish light-mere specks of phosphorescence scintillant in the still air . The specks thickened and multiplied till they floated like a maze of dancing midgets . No wind stirred the trees or moaned in the chimneytops and the qualities of absolute dark and absolute quiet were all that could be desired . and composed myself to watch for the manifestation. then too came the dark power : of oppression. At ten o'clock I closed my book. which I knew by inner consciousness would be forthcoming. colder and colder-that sense of freezing that experienced psychics associate with the dread phenomena of malevolent .

The blue specks spun their dance and slowly became more luminous . Every particle of the air was filled with this luminosity. The points of light gave place to clouds of luminous mist like softly rolling. They spun and whirled and wove in and out among themselves . a dull biting cold that suggests the limitless freezing eternities of interstellar space . Strands and floating webs of phosphorescence drifted like smoke wreaths about the room. Slowly the nebulae changed from their spinning movement to a slow weaving motion. utterly silent globes of dull blue light . so that the room seemed to be filled with a dull moonlight . They collected in little nebulae of light like cigarette ends of intense blue radiance. 'till they had drawn into one mass all the luminous matter in the room . a clear two feet off the . Like a terror-charged cloud this mass hovered some eight feet high. It is a coldness of the soul as well as of the body. I 72 A MODERN OCCULTIST apparitions. Little by little the dance of the globes speeded up .

its brilliance waxed and waned and its confines drew in. unscrewed the cylindrical lid. Here before my eyes was the -actual form of the stranger-for this ghost is a malevolent strangling demon-on the very point of concentration. Slowly the cloud was taking shape as a pillar and within the pillar one :could see the ghastly shaping of the ru dimentary form . The energy-charged tube glowed in the dark with all the beauty of intense phosphorescence. PROTECTIVE VIBRATION 73 floor . The theory had been brilliantly vindicated in practice. but it is impossible to generalize from one particular . As if by magic the whole apparition was dissipated. and as I -held it at arm's length toward the pillar of semi-materialization that represented all the' evil forces of discarnate Hatethe mists of vapour rolled away . and in twenty seconds was as if it had never been. Carefully I stretched out my hand to the leaden box. and threw into my right hand the precious vial of radium salt. There is little more to be said .

Pitchblende. Dr. from which radium is extracted. although * The solution used was a solution of radium emanations which gives out a. r. but require considerably more apparatus. The discovery and the theory are one of the most remarkable contributions to psychic science in our time . To my mind the use of radioactive salts as talismans with which to exorcise a case of malignant haunting is at once a great and practical step in the direction of relieving humanity of these troublesome psychic intruders . .*.and there the matter must rest until opportunity for further experiments is available . does not appear to have attracted the attention of the ancients and there is no trace of its use in any process of alchemy or the allied sciences . It is not well known which ray affects the dissolution of psychoplasm . The analogous protective vibrations that the author of the monograph alleges would work are all probable. . 74 A MODERN OCCULTIST instance . it may have been of radioactive material. Dee's magic mirror is reported fo have been of a black substance and it is possible that. and y rays together .Physicists know the wide range of differences that exist between the different radium salts.

Research into psychic phenomena gives us a chain of disconnected phenomena which nevertheless are obviously connected . The distance from telepathy or thought-transference to exteriorizhd energy or power-transference is but a short one. PROTECTIVE VIBRATION .* It is after all only a few years since the theory of ether-waves and vibrations was formulated . * The mirror of Dr . and when we once know the true rules or laws governing these phenomena we shall be able to establish spirit communication at will. Dee is still in existence. 75 this quality is not necessary for the purposes for which he required it. Science will soon enable us to understand the mechanism of phenomena. but the material the mirror is made of is a surface of polished coal .

Sometimes the reason given for this withholding of information is that it is _forbidden by higher spirits.CHAPTER V SEX IN THE NEXT WORLD is in existence an enormous mass of recorded spirit communication concerning life and death. We know nothing of the political system of the other world except that there is no such thing as any form of elective system. no majority rule. there have never been any revelations of a democratic principle on the higher plane. TH=E 76 . The rule of the next world appears to be that of a benevolent autocracy. and little social structure. and it is certainly remarkable that despite the great enthusiasm shown for the principles of democracy in this world. The one outstanding feature concerning these revelations is that they tell us extremely little. working through a hierarchy of directing spirits controlling other spirits on clearly defined planes .

There are good spirits and bad spirits. low grades and high grades and all intermediate stages. There are also low spirits that are said never to have been human and high spirits of the same non-mortal nature. but there are certain aspects of it that appear contradictory . and the spirit then passes from grade to grade or plane to plane. The spirits who visit seances retain many of their earthly characteristics . until it achieves an eminence entirely beyond the bounds of human thought .The great dominant factor of the hereafter as described by the bulk of Spiritualistic literature appears to be the acceptance of authority. The least possible experience of spirit communica- . The recently arrived spirit is taken in hand by "guides" who instruct. They state that they are still male and female despite the assumption on the part of many writers that sex does not exist upon the spiritual plane . There is perhaps no limit to the speculation that can be indulged in concerning the afterlife. But badness and goodness exist on the spiritual planes as much as on this earth.

have been ' tacitly held to by those dominating the after-life . Sex. The Spiritualist is open to human error and it is only human to build into our theories those things which tend to prove them and to disregard matters which are not in harmony with our ideas. Both in Britain and in America there is a certain amount of false modesty that amounts to pruriency. as understood in conventional terms. Otherwise sex distinction would be cast off just as is the human body after death. it can only have the same purpose in the next world as it has in. has been seen to be such a danger to the construction of a hypothetical but perfectly moral future state. concerning all matters of sex. this . the very limited moral doctrines of sexual relationship as understood by certain Christian sects. This brings us to the consideration of how and why the myth of the sexlessness of spirits has passed into acceptance as a fact. As a result. If the differentiation of sex has any purpose at all. 78 A MODERN OCCULTIST tion in any form is quite sufficient to expose this amazing fallacy . that t .

according to I spirit statement sex does exist and it is only fair to suppose that it is there for the usual reason . as I have pointed out above. having . The state of error has arisen through the confusion of sex with sin . for. we have evidence of the continuation of sex-indeed it is a cardinal point. The -would-be formulators of the new Spiritualistic dogmas. This is entirely wrong. To sum up. for it is impossible . One cannot logically believe in the one without the 'other. There exists the further problem of the origin of spirits that have never been mortal . and there is no reason to suppose that the continuation of sex upon the astral planes is not for this purpose.SEX IN THE NEXT WORLD 79 the whole sex question has been squashed by a statement by Spiritualists that sex does not exist in after-life . These must come somehow from somewhere. Its existence is indeed an absolute answer to the theories of parthenogenesis held by believers whose minds were clouded with a residuum of theological beliefs .to believe in continuation of personality after death unless sex continues with it .

Conan Doyle. gratification of other voluptuous sense desires such as aural pleasures from music or self-abandonment to any of the pleasures of the intellect. any analysis of the reported habits and customs of the next world. and the male spirit still finds his true mate though there is no sensuality in the grosser sense and no childbirth . The New Revelation. but gloss it over . Some writers do indeed recognize this permanence of sex.* They ignore the fact that if a thing exists it exists for a purpose and the fatal conception that the gratification of a sex desire is a sin persists throughout their pages . On the other hand. appears to be regarded not only as permissible but as praiseworthy . . Chapter III. In point of fact it is impossible to draw a hard-and-fast line between the actual spirit `People live in communities as one would expect if like attracts like." Sir A . plunges us into a mass of paradoxical contradictions . attempted to solve the whole business by a bland statement that there was no sex in the other world. 80 A MODERN OCCULTIST been unable to effect a mental compromise between the moral and monogamous Christian andd the moral and polygamous Mohammedan. In fact.

the "revelations" from any different sources seem to take on an unmistakable tinge according to the.of the next world is published in book form. a literary psychoanalysis of reported next worlds shows the unmistakable traces of books read in the past . In any case. It is also notorious that as soon as any new concept . . called Sidi Aissa Ben S'dub. the accounts could not be published for general or even private reading. Some idea of the theme of these revelations can be gathered if I may say that one of the communicators. latest theories . but there is no conceivable reason why they should be deemed more unreliable than other spirit communications . Certain accounts of the spirit life obtained through Mohammedan mediums by French investigators in Algiers show what may be called a peculiarly active sexual life in the after-world . This may possibly be attributed to either early religious belief in a sensuous Mohammedan paradise or alternatively to the particular type of Arab spirits who furnished the description .SEX IN THE NEXT WORLD 81 revelation acid interpolated ideas by the medium . In fact.

82 A MODERN OCCULTIST prefaces his words by the cryptic statement "Know then.gratification on the next plane.e. Its translation into precise French leaves us under no misapprehension as to the actual technique of sex . as ye know it.-for . us virtue. and the revelation as taken down in Arabic is a document of some literary value ." i . It is also curious to note that in the Arab revelations given there was no reference at all to any ensuing spirit birth. exists not . what think ye then occupies the time of us who were strong men's" Oriental imagery is rich in terms concerning sex. And.-mortal and soulless spirits . but one interpretation of and obscure text might lead one to suppose that . but it is of course impossible to arrive at any conception of relative degrees of pleasure . there being neither camels nor horses nor virtuous women. 0 mortals. as I have related. the offspring of these unions were "djinni. Cases of intercourse between djinns and mortals are the basis of many Moslem tales and legends in which the sex interest is paramount . . that here are neither camels nor horses --nor virtuous women. Their methods appear to be our methods. non.

when the number of spirit visitants of African. As time goes on. is taken into account. Thus. This kind of expression is pure mental flatulenoe. or other origin." or some such platitude . which is manifestly untenable to variations like a I (perfectly pure and spiritual sex relationship in no way physical. is likely to be pracSEX IN THE NEXT WORLD tised there. Red Indian. it is manifest that no abstract theory of morality which is not in accordance with the known physical facts concerning the spirit world. These range from the pure sexlessness theory. At present various beliefs are held . it will become increasingly impossible for the practising Spiritualist to ignore the enormous fact of sex.i 83 But it must be borne' in mind that the Mohammedan idea of the invisible world is so different from that prescribed either by Eastern or Western thought that it is almost impossible to co-ordinate it with any of our accepted theories . On the other hand. no Spiritualist revelation or theory is of value unless it fits all lands and all creeds . for it is clear that in the spirit world there .

and that everything there is psychical-again as we know it. are the sex limits in the next life . The realm of speculation thus opened up is enormous. and the theological varieties of damnation are contrary to the whole conception. if any. purgatory. reasonably desire to know what. and having established the existence of sex. we not un. The conception of the spirit world that is most widely held does away with all idea of penal restrictions . our visualization of life in the hereafter. It is possibly the vision of a voluptuous sensualist heaven . It is possibly the vision of a new theory of hell in which spirits are unable to obtain the gratification of those desires which they are equipped to experience . 1 84 A MODERN OCCULTIST is nothing physical as we know it. There is no particular reason to suppose that the married state continues-indeed. Hell. there is evidence to the reverse. which would not exist unless it implied the permanence of sexual attraction and sex gratification. Altogether the problems raised are far too great for the little evi . Once again we are dependent on spirit teaching for.

and we have no right to reject as unsound statements that SEX IN THE 11EXT WORLD . that the whole of what we must admit is the dark side of Spiritualism. It is not enough for us to affirm that the dark elements are either non-existent or simply the effects of our subconscious minds . If this were the case the whole fabric of Spiritualism crumbles to the ground . the demons of possession and the demons of obsession. too . all these are active affirmations of the reality of desire persisting . If we accept any spirit evidence we must accept all spirit evidence." This may be good enough to hoodwink the amateur or the shallow thinker.85 dente we have yet obtained from the spirit world to lead us to a true solution . is usually the affirmation that `'desire does not exist in the spirit world . but it must be remembered . the bad or lying spirits. If these rules apply to the dark side they must apply to the light side. As ever we come back to the point of : How much is real spirit communication? How much is simply well-meaning but inaccurate Spiritualist interpretation of interpolation? The answer of the Spiritualist to such a question.

otherwise this conception of the next world would seem to be a field where a highly intellectual. The believing Spiritualist has built on slender grounds a wonderful conception of the . There is no reason to think that such a thing is impossible. and powerful individual soul might enjoy a limitless orgy of psychic rape. intelligent. for cases of demoniac or spirit possession are in effect cases of psychic rape of a mortal and often present instances of the most amazing sexual aberration owing to the terrible desires of the uninvited tenant of the mind . The existence of sex in the spirit world leads us to the supposition that there are there some organized forces of law and order. A MODERN OCCULTIST 86 do not fall in with the theories which we have accepted on the strength of similar statements. The continuation of sexual activity on the psychic planes may be a staggering conception to some people. but a little thought will show that Wis not half such -a shattering idea as the perfectly unjustifiable hypothesis that there is none .

after reading reams of well-meant pseudo-religious twaddle. and it is important to note that the "Everything in the garden is lovely 1" idea of the next' world is not by any means borne out by the revelations of its inhabitants. he asks the supporters of the new revelation : "And why should it all be couleur de rose?" Faith may do many things. and the inexorable law of Abstract Justice that has for ages been held to be implicit in the life hereafter? The sceptic is indeed justified when. and self-flattery are there for sweeping away the idea of terror. One can indeed ask oneself what ground is there for optimism? What reasons other than self-deception.87 spirit world. -There is good reason to suppose that i n the past many revelations concerning sex-life in the spirit plane have been suppressed or destroyed . but Faith cannot make black white-even in the realm of the spirit. selfassurance. The well-meaning Spiritualist with mediumistic gifts or the capacity for automatic writing SEX IN THE NJ XT WORLD . punishment. but it is a one-sided structure.

there is a wide difference between the meaningless obscenities that are sometimes sent and various coherent statements that can be classed as definite revelations .?" again goes on . First came some personal particulars of the spirit. A MODERN OCCULTIST' 88 does not always get the precise kind of spirit teaching expected . Often they are shown to a wrong person. On the other hand. At. The private operator. in 1826. classed as evil spirit writings. There were five of us at the table and two of the party were practised automatists . but was in Paris when Napoleon the Third was proclaimed Emperor (1852) and was employed with theatrical dressmaking . in Dauphine. knowing little of the matters with which he or she is dealing.a seance held in Paris some interesting statements concerning the psychic world were vouchsafed by a spirit calling itself Zaza Guilbert. is frequently ashamed to let these strange. and the great question that animates the spirit world "Should mortals be told. She married and left two girl children . She was born near Grenoble. It was the question : "Is life in the spirit . frank manuscripts or records be seen by others .

) Q. A .IN THE -NEST WORLD 89 world as gay and gallant * as it was in those days in this sphere?" that set the ball rolling. Not in the same way as on earth . several affinities . . it would be intolerable . We are men and women over here in so far as that goes .) Is there childbirth in the spirit world? A. (By one of the ladies of the party. No . Q. Intellectual affinities only? A. that would be still more intolerable . No. No . Is life on the spirit plane sexless? A. Have you a husband there ? A." . (No answer was returned to some further inquiries on this subject . Q. Is there separation of the sexes? A. *The word "gallant" carries rather different implications in French than are covered by the literal Englishh rendering of "gallant . Is morality of earth binding on the spirit plane ? A.SEX.) Q. Certainly not t (Emphasis conveyed by violent knocking of the table . By no means. Q. That depends on how you look at things . Q.

90 A MODERN OCCULTIST Q. Living une vie de demimondaine sans reproche. Are they due to moral censure of higher spirits t A. A. and the writing stated that : "Benedetta Chiesole was the mistress of Theodule Affra and several other spirits on our plane . Sometimes. Do all spirits enjoy life in this manner? A. No . The power appeared to be instantly forthcoming. jealousy. Yes . You will give it as automatic writing? Yes . This intimacy became obnoxious to a spirit Q. Can you compare the relationship to any earthly parallel? A . A. (By one. because higher spirits mix themselves up in it .) Are there scandals in the spirit world? A . It is not obligatory. Can you describe one of these scandals? Not through the table . Q. Q . Q . of the automatists left the circle to fetch pencil and paper . One . of the ladies . Write. Q . Then we resumed .

a great mass of what may be definitely termed abnormal sex literature has come from the pens of people practising automatic writing-and it is an in- . and Benedetta was told that it was natural for her to have to expiate her earthly shortcomings in this manner . for he had the power of passing through all psychomaterial substances that serve us as material substances'serve you . there was no way of keeping him out when he was not wanted. for he was astonishingly enamoured of her." The results of other sittings at which other spirits have made communications are in some cases quite as detailed and a great deal more startling than the above .ealled du Paits Herbault. who was a monk of SPIT' IN THE-. Being on a higher plane. At length matters got to such a pitch that the others protested through the guides . NEXT" WORLD- 91 Montpellier in the sixteenth century . They were told not to interfere with the higher spirits or it would be the worse for them. But they got cold comfort. but was permitted to come down to us for certain purposes . "His persecution of Benedetta was remarkable. In addition. He was not on our plane but higher up.

The common-sense explanation is that these writings and communications have nothing whatever to do with spirits and that these are. a seething up of illegal desires and ideas which have been repressed by the conscious mind into the censorship of the subliminal self. sex is as troublesome in the next world as in this . This theory is only tenable if the whole basic doctrine that these things are communicated by spirits is given up.* * The notes and papers concerning the physiological side of sex in the next world that have been collected are not suitable for general reading . If. so to speak. 92 A MODERN 000ULTIST dubitable fact that some of these writings have been written under . Experienced spiritualists will have no difficulty in surmising the general character of these records . control by people of irreproachable life and character . we hold that there is anything at all in Spiritualism we are faced with the inevitable conclusion that. . however much we may desire to get rid of it. on the other hand.

for the average man mixes up witchcraft. it can be done. or 03 .CHAPTER VI THE RRALITY OF SORCERY I HAVE often been asked by folk who were perfectly serious in their inquiry if there "was anything in" latter-day sorcery. incantations and night rides astride a broomstick . Put in a simpler form. to the use of occult knowledge for malevolent purposes. and one cannot be certain whether he is alluding to the dark ceremony of the Black Sabbath. and whether the practice actually existed outside the realm of fiction. or whether he is thinking of wax images and pine. Magic has always been =divided into white . the question comes to this : Can experienced occultists utilize spirit or unknown natural forces for malevolent uses t The answer is an unh esitating affirmative. Under certain conditions. soreery and necromancy. It is a difficult question to answer.

Apollonius of Tyana is his patron . 4 good magic. Both have been liberally endowed with ritual observance. It is to the modern studies in psychic science that we must. practises suggestion or act as a psychotherapeutist. He was not only a seer of the future and a finder of lost things. The doctor who uses hypnotic treatment. against his draughts of beneficent medicine.secret intent of the operating magician. but also a healer. On the re-verse side may be set against his-capacity for healing his power for casting spells or doing harm . is to-day the direct twentieth-century descendant of the magicians of 'the past . but shorn of non-essentials the determining factor that decides whether magic is black or white is the . turn to find the underlying mechanisms of magic practices. and but a shadowy 94 A MODERN OCCULTIST . In the past the great popular attribute of the magician was his knowledge of healing . for a full three-quarters of art magic is due to . rules . his vials of poison . and black or bad magic . Merlin worked his wonders by the same . the little-known effects of hypnotism or suggestion.

who held that all the phenomena of hypnotism in their turn were produced by suggestion . who discovered that Mesmer's phenomena could be produced independently of the theory of "animal magnetism" by plain hypnosis . the Manchester physician.95 balance to the powers of discarnate intelligences of evil. advanced thinkers of to-day hold that the same effect may be produced by call three methods of practice . For a century Mesmer's theory has been discredited. It fell into discredit owing to the discoveries of Braid. In the same way we may produce a given electrical THE REALITY OF SORCERY . Braid's theories were followed out by Cheroot and. the Paris School of Hypnotists. and their theories were in turn demolished by Liebault and Bernheim of the Nancy School. In point of actual fact. but to-day modern students of psychic science are beginning to pay attention to it again . The discoveries of the existence of "animal magnetism" by Mesmer was the first step which brought the psychic phenomena of will domination out of the realm of the occult into the\domain of medical knowledge .

or by the rotation of a coil of wire between magnetic poles in a dynamo. 96 A MODERN OCCULTIST phenomenon such as the lighting of an incandescent lamp by the action of chemical solutions on metals in a battery. they neither radlate this force nor do they oppose or resist its passage. Most people are neutral. The methods are' different. but the individuals who are susceptible to its action seem to possess the faculty of arresting this radiation and converting it to mental energy within themselves . These are . The sorcerer is a hypnotist-that is to say. The lay mind will follow my argument better if I use the loose terms of hypnotism and hypnosis than if I attempt a more scientific terminology. The first point that must be grasped is that the sorcerer or wizard possesses psychic gifts or qualities of an entirely different order to those claimed by Spiritualists . he is an individual who possesses the power of emitting or radiating an unknown psychic force. but the forces evolved and the effect obtained are identical.

that is to say the subject. In the usual circle there is the medium. is in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred in a greater or lesser degree a sensitive hypnotic subject . plays as important a role as does the mage himself. but in an average circle there are one or more who possess unknown to themseles a certain amount of radiant force.97 the people who are what is known as good hypnotic subjects . One or two noted materializing mediums of the past have been thus endowed. . The odd few who do not come in the above category may be classed as hermaphroditic or doubly gifted individuals who possess both radating power and subjectivity . Some of these may be neutral. In the histories of the great sorcerers of the past the assistant. for the subject is the instrument of the master. It is this which passes along the chain of hands to the medium where it is arrested and condensed to play its mysterious THE REALITY OF SORCERY ` . The average person who possesses mediumistic or psychic qualities in the Spiritualistic sense. and the sitters.

But once they have won the entry of the mind that entry is theirs for ever. we have an instance of those dread dangers that beset those who unwittingly pass beyond the threshold of the known. and even the bodily presence of the operator is not required to achieve this domination of the mind of the Subject . unknown to him or herself. The trance state of the medium is akin to light hypnosis and the subject or medium of a well-meaning little circle of Spiritualists may.' If there is present in the circle an individual who is greatly endowed with this force-and whose mental desires approximate to black rather than white magic. become the slave of one or other of the members of the circle .* The common instances where this kind of thing occurs cannot be classed as true sorcery. perimental Researches in Sleep Provoked at a Distance ." . It is an asseveration with hypnotists that they have no power without the consent of the individual . Chapter X of Professor Boirac's Psychic Science " Ex. 98 A MODERN OCCULTIST part in the liberation of psychic elements that can be utilized by the unseen spirit workers .

and in addition. The first aim of the sorcerer is to get the victim in. The witch-doctor of `West Africa. There are several roads to its portals-but not a track leading back to the regions of light for those that pass its gates . the subjugation of anther's will. This can be accomplished in a dozen different ways well known to the practised .required psychic faculty. all these are motives for sorcery. In the first. According to ritual they are to pro- .a state of suggestibility . the voodoo priestesses of Cuba and Hayti practise these accomplishments no less than their white brethren in black magic. fumes of a special sort of in. the satisfaction of a sex passion.TIM REALITY OIL SORCERY 99 for in most cases the operator is unconscious of how or why the fulfilment of his desires comes about. occult knowledge. student . The true sorcery only comes in when an individual possessing the. Vengeance of an enemy. Sorcery lives to-day no less than it lived centuries ago. exerts these of set purpose in order to gratify his desires . eense played no inconsiderable part in the role of sorcery.

and sonorous . slowly it becomes soothingly monotonous . The crystal becomes cloudy and in the globe appears something that she knows and recognizes . Gradually the client feels languor stealing over her . Let us suppose that some weak and curious woman visits a sorcerer to obtain his help in some affair of heart . The effect of `darkness. 100 A MODERN OCCULTIST pitiate the spirits---in actual practice they induce relaxation -on the part of the subject and assist in building up that necessary atmosphere which is essential to suggestibility. all these were more than stage properties--they are the mechanical implements of suggestion. dominant. the magic mirror or the crystal globe . of points of light gleaming amid surrounding dark. the lights are lowered and he tells her to gaze at the crystal ball upon the table before her. Probably the crystal tells her nothing that means anything'to her . The man of mystery seats her in a comfortable chair . Fumes of incense hang in the heavy air . The man's voice is clear. Certainly she has seen in it nothing but what she has known at some .

Put the net result is that she .P.R. but has caused the powers of hypnotism and suggestion.*` or something that the magician has seen before.101 time before. THE REALITY OF SORCERY Psyr . in nine cases out of ten. she may yet be brought to place at his disposal everything and anything that he may require of her. Police and press persecutions of the Seers of Bond Street are not altogether unjustified in many cases . but the prosecution is. owing to the shame that publicity would inflict upon the dupes. The real facts may not be brought out at the court.is convinced of the occult powers possessed by him. Undonscious that she is not acting of her own free will. If he is a daring scoundrel. He has invoked no spirit aids. taking advantage of the light condition of hypnosis induced by the crystal-gazing . justifiable .. his domination may take any form . *See Proceedings of La Soci6te Universelle d'Etudes ehiques and Proceedings S. TVs is the prelude to other visits and little by little her will yields to that of the sorcerer and the suggestions that he has implanted in her subconscious mind begin to take effect . V and VIII .

This vital fluid plays an important part in all magical ceremony. summoning to their aid no spirit attributes . There are still: a` few of these in Paris and latterly there was one in the West Country . in that they only use occult natural forces. extended by a materializing medium. ' they can take shape from the emanations of warm blood. These can be semi-materialized. We find mention of it from the days when Ulysses poured blood and wine into a trench to call up the spirits before he 102 A MODERN OCCULTIST . made visible. for in place of needing the material vehicle of ectoplasm. There is a certain class of spirits to whom the ancients gave the name of Lemures . In the lowest grade of the sorcerers we find the necromancers . and bound to service by a comparatively simple ritual. evil spirits . It depends on the individual operator how much of his ceremonial is for the purpose of inducing suggestibility or partial hypnosis and how much is for the direct evocation of. The class 'of petty criminals above mentioned are again not true sorcerers. Very often the necromancer himself isdeluded enough to confuse natural with supernatural power .

It must be clearly understood that experiment of this nature is extraordinarily perilous and that any attempt at necromancy by students whose knowledge is insufficient can have none but disastrous results. Chapter VI : "Eliphas Levi" In Action. and blood. dit Barbe Bleu.The elemental forces evoked by this ceremony may' be compared to gunpowder. History of Magic. . Those learned in occult matters will readily perceive the precious function that blood emanations exercise. but on they contrary. THE REALITY OF SORCERY 103 "See "Gilles de Rail. the man of science and the psychologist will not be able to understand the part that blood plays in this peculiar alchemy. Any fool can blow himself up with powder by setting a match to it. The calabash of _ blood of the "white goat" is essential in obi and voodoo magic. In the dark history of (lilles de Retz * the blood ritual is seen in all its ghostliest fluorescence. Huyeman's La-Bas t For obvious reasons I have suppressed the detail of ritual ." Boneard et Maulde. fresh blood. not necessarily but preferably human.went down into hell. but it takes a skilled artillerist to harness . is used by the necromancer of to-day .

It was not until we had had several ordinary seances and he had shown me some astounding experiments. and was a most highly gifted sensitivee or hypnotic subject. the forces and make them propel a . projectile to a given target. a professor of law at one of the Hanover Hochschulen and an ardent student of black magic. was his assistant in the necromantic art. A fellow-student there gave me a letter of introduction to Gottlieb Bentlemeyer. in the externalization of sensibility and clairvoyance under hypnosis that I deemed it fit to mention the subject of necromancy . Experiment with elemental forces is analogous and the greater part of the ritual deals with the protection of the operator or sorcerer himself from those dread spirits who obey his summons . 104 A MODERN OCCULTIST . in North Prussia. At that time he had rooms in the Wiesen . . In 1912 I attended the course of lectures on psychic science given at a sub-school of the University of Jena . a youngster from Stettin. strasse and had in his charge one or two private pupils whom he was cramming for their necessary examinations . One of these lads.

for although Bentlemeyer had an excellent and systematically arranged cabinet of magical requisites. and torturing-irons of various ideseriptions . preparations. We came to the eonclusion that the experiment would be extremely hazardous. "It will not be an easy task to find them. His association with the Hochschule enabled him to obtain fresh blood through the agency of one of his medical colleagues . but Bentlemeyer kindly offered to attempt to call up the spirit of one or more of the men who had used these things." It took us three days to make our. It was our discussion of the possible sending of the spirit of his assistant. one or two things had to be procured. "but being men of blood it may be possible to find them by means of the blood elementals.TTY OF SORCERY 105 . . under hypnosis to psychometrize these vile memorials of a brutal past that raised the subject . winches. Walther Kraus.We were at that time in the Hanover Museum and had been examining an exhibit of "Qualapparat"-racks. We rehearsed the ritual carefully." he said. in order THE RE A T.

The prepared candles burnt in the angles of the pentacle and the saucers of salt and the elements were in their appropriate places. Bentlemeyer was already in his robes when one of the pupils admitted me . The circle of evocation had beenr marked out in chalk on the floor . Marquis de Lachet. and placed the snakehilted poniard in its belt sheath . Bentlemeyer informed me that the original MS. and I must confess that I prepared myself for the ordeal with considerable trepidation . The sorcerer stood within * Steinert was the chief adept in the Society of the IiSee Esse4 awr is Reote des Illu n nda. 106 that there should be no fault. A MODERN OOGULTIST' . His ceremonial of evocation was slightly at variance with accepted French practice. the air had a touch of frost in it and the great town of Hanover was quiet and still . luminati .* It was a clear autumn night with a perfect moon . I changed into the necessary garments. in German and Hebrew had been in the possession of the celebrated Steinert . but the discrepancies were not material and appeared to have crept in during the time of King Frederick Wilhelm of Prussia. took the rod and girdle which he had lent me.

lying between us. Bentlemeyer removed the black velvet hood that covered it and the filmy crimson surface of fresh blood gleamed in the light . I took my place` within_ the enceinte of a sim ilar' diagram.changed to the ritual of evocation. And before the echoes of the first THE RJIAL1TY OF SORCERY . and from time to time a fresh pinch of incense on the brazier would send a wreath of pungent fume across the room . joosened the restriction of his garments. the assistant . At a sign we began the chanting of the preliminary invocations to the guardians of the gates . was Walther. on the couch breathed heavily.107" his circle of protection facing the small tripod /brazier in which was a brazen plate glowing over the frame of a small spirit lamp . and soon subsided into a definite state of trance . From invocation we . sending their faint tail of black smoke toward the ceiling. The room was sonorous with the great Hebrew names. The candle lights burnt in the draughtless atmosphere. Beyond the confines of our protective circles was a grotesque bronze bowl or shallow basin. and on a couch. The boy. the dull yellowish flames standing up without a flicker.

strong swirls and broken wave motions appeared on the .108 . a' cold wind seemed to burst out in the very heart of the room itself. a * Elementals cannot face pointed steel . Bentlemeyer signed to me with his rod to look toward the blood bowl .A MODERN OCCULTIST summons had died down.* The second and third utterances of the words of power intensified the effect and the boy moaned pitifully. iridescent bubbles floated for a while and burst. sluggish. Probably because the latter concentrates radiation of psychic force from the human body which are destructive to them . making the candles flicker and the shad . ows flit and dance in arabesques across the low ceiling . I felt for the poniard at my belt and drawing it from its sheath held the naked blade ready. and at last the whole body of fluid within the bowl was in a state of violent agitation . surface. The "smoke wreathed itself above the brazier. The sorcerer bent to a vessel on the ground and threw upon the brazier some new essencenot an incense. then seemed to take shape like a pillar and curve toward the blood bowl. The surface of the liquid was being slowly agitated.

there a pillared. "Have you been a mortal?" "No. For a moment we watched this monstrous manifestation in silence . I was never mortal. "Who is your leader?" There was a momentary hesitation. smoothly working trunk . and the elemental demons or spirits speaking through the trance-bound boy gave them. here betraying the outline of a demon face." - . From the bowl came a noise like cats' tongues lapping and now and then the bowl itself would tilt and move a fraction of an inch or so about the floor . THE REALITY OF SORCERY 109 Slowly yet distinctly the vapours clustered above the blood and slowly took semi-human shape . serving the priests of Odin till the Cross came. Incessantly they changed and melted now limb-like. "What are your names?" he asked. and then a spirit answering to the name of Aonalik assumed the leader ship . Then the sorcerer resumed his ritual and bound the spirits present to do his bidding to the spell of the Three Known and One Unknown elements . I was an earthspirit.

You may not go. "I have found one. "By Sachsenhausen. I want you to find for me the spirit of one of the men of blood who used the torture instruments in the Museum." "When?" "In the time of Charles the Fifth of Spain . Then he spoke again . broken only by the laboured breathing of the boy . near Augsburg . What do you want of us? We wish to depart ." I `I do not know the men ." "I command you to seek them ." 110 A MODERN OCCULTIST . Where did you live?" A new and harsher voice issued from the boy's lips ." For a moment -there was silence. 0 Masters ." "He is to answer my questions himself." "You are bound to do my bidding by the words of Might ." "What is his name?" "Kurt Ettethurm . I command all of you by the powers that are mine to seek and bring them. "What brought you here to-night?" "The Blood Libation and the summons .

. " "Where are you now?" "Why ask? I am in a lower state . Muhiberg. torturers ?" 3l1 "No." "Do you move from place to place I" "Yes. I follow the Scharfrichter (heads- man) ." "Why?" ' "To watch." "Who were your victims 1" j' Criminals. and Lutherans ." "Where are you usually?" "By the slaughter houses . who beheads with a sword . I -like it. " "Are you bound tot" "No." * In Germany capital punishment fs still carried out by the headsman." "Do you revisit this sphere unless summoned?" "I am always here." "When did you diet" "At Muhlberg. but you cannot see me. I served Count Anton of Torneu ." "When--not where R" "At Muhlberg killed in the battle of.THE REALITY OP SORCERY "Were you one of his. bandits.

and uttered the words of the spell of release . and I realized in a flash that I had nearly been trapped into going beyond the protection of my circle . for Bentlemeyer shouted at me to keep still. r The boy began to chuckle horribly and then suddenly choked . "Stop it. Help me and I will try. that poised in the empty air above him . for God's sake!" I cried to Bentlemeyer. and the tongue protruded . My voice awoke him from the creeping paralysis of terror that was mastering him. and raising the scroll: of the ritual he recovered himself by an effort of will." I IHow can we help you?" "Place that bowl of blood at the northern corner of the pentacle ." I must have started to move forward. his eyes seemed to start from his head. Before our eyes his face became empurpled. His legs kicked and his hands beat feebly at something solid-impenetrable-but invisible. 112 Can you show yourself to us?" I do not think so . A MODERN OCCULTIST .

Then with frightening suddenness . Bentlemeyer made a few passes. This experience was phenomenal . bruised imprint of strangling fingers . went over to the boy Walther. and I stabbed at the . breathing heavily . invisible grasp that seemed to be plucking at my garments. We examined the room carefully afterwards and came . Then both of us. the colour had not yet ebbed from his face and on his brow were beads and runnels of perspiration . But there on his uncollared neck was the dark. until the last of the valedictory phrases of the ritual had been said did either -of us dare leave our stations . Not.the manifestations ceased. and brought him round . breathed on his eyelids. shocked and terrified by what we had seen. He was deeply entranced yet.THE REALTTY OF SORCERY 113A swirl of icy cold wind seemed to sweep about us. Two of the candles went out and the windows rattled violently in their frames. The boy was gasping for breath once more and the terror had passed.

Whether it was really the spirit of the executioner or torturer. I asked at the time the purpose of these. A brother student of proven reliability told me later that Bentlemeyer had assured him that he could and did evoke evil spirits. whether it was merely an impersonation by a demon elemental.A MODERN OCCULTIST to the conclusion that the couch on which Walther was lying projected at one corner over the circuit of the diagram that should have protected it. or what particular denizen of the realm of evil it was that came to the summons and the blood bowl I cannot say.startled him. male and female. In this connection it is interesting to note that when looking through his cabinet of magioal instruments I saw two small nude waxen models. despite his learning and Ids professional standing. a man of notoriously evil and depraved life . and evoke them to execute malicious tricks upon his confreres in the professional world . The identity of the spirit we could not determine .Bentlemeyer was.and he explained that they 114 . There is no doubt that our experiences that evening thoroughly . I learnt later that .

A point of interest is that the effects of sorcery or evil suggestion are capable of being * Chapter II. by Emile Boriac. Under hypnosis Walther's' feeling of sensation could be transferred by the operator to any object. this hypothesis can be dismissed by the sceptic it should be remembered that sorcery flourished best in ages of faith and superstition. Psychic Science. An active belief in the powers of sorcery or witchcraft facilitates not only direct suggestion.* The hypothesis is that the sorcerer and wizard of the Middle Ages made use of this phenomenon and that their victims were the unconscious victims of hypnosis . Paul Joire . This was the phenomenon known as externalization of sensibility . Chapter XV. Before. Psychical and Supernormal Phenomena. A pin-prick on the surface of the water would be felt by him as an acute pricking sensation all over the body. and numerous other works give details of this phenomenon . such as a glass of water or a waxen doll. by Dr. pain was felt by Walther in the precise place where the doll was pricked .115 were used by him in a hypnotic experiment with Walther . When the doll was used. THE REALITY OF SORCERY . but also suggestion on self-hypnosis .

and it is by no means a lost art among those occultists who have studied the dark side of spirit phenomena in order to know all that we are allowed to know of this dangerous subject. One cannot insist on this too strongly . . As a rule. The mental and -consequently physical dangers of this kind of thing are far too serious to be lightly meddled with. the Spiritualist who has certain healing qualities in connection with mediumistic gifts should avoid any attempt at ex. Exorcism is valuable and is as real as sorcery. Above all things. orcism . 116 A MODERN OCCULTIST remedied by people who understand the subject . but only in so far that the evil was transferred from the original victim to the would-be healer. the results are bad for both parties. Cases have been known when the attempt was successful.

Apart from the philosophical tenets held by the various degrees of priestcraft there was a special secret knowledge of what may be called the mechanical side. The priests had.CHAPTER VII INCENSE AND OCCULTISM ancients possessed amazing secrets concerning psychic knowledge of all kinds . medium was a more or less unimportant one just as to-day the "psychics" used by the different sects of Tibetan Lamas are relatively unimportant and insignificant members of the priestcraft. Then as now. The role played by the. but in all the old cults which attained to any degree of organization the arch-priests or hierophants were not themselves mediums. however. They knew how to produce phenomena. but made use of mediums as instruments. the specially gifted were used in connection with the service of mysteries. other secrets--seTHE 117 .

118 . but it does not entirely account for some of the phenomena that tradition has handed down and which is substituted by contemporary record . Then as now. The possibilities of hypnotism in the form of crowd suggestion cannot be overlooked. A MODERN OCCULTIST crets which on occasion conferred the gift of vision on the ordinary non-psychic person . people demanded proof of miracles and th6 proof had to be forthcoming . but throughout the bulk of the mid-Oriental and Byzantine cults . Sacerdotalism and royalty were closely allied not only in ancient Egypt. from stone and manuscript. Little by little. something of the great rituals and something of both the outer and inner forms of these dead faiths . The two hypotheses are the agency of hypnotism and the agency of some mechanical or physiological factor such as a drug . savants have recovered from hieroglyph and papyri. We know enough to realize that the adepts possessed the art of releasing the spirit from the body and of producing the trance state not only in individuals but in comparatively large congregations .

We do not know the composition of the celebrated Roman fish sauce "garum . the priestcraft. and even fairly well-known common facts of antiquity. Nine-tenths of the so-called propitiatory ritual was symbolic. It is precisely these extraordinarily valuable secrets that were among the deepest arts of.INCENSE AND OCCULTISM 119 Analysis of some of these cults shows that the initiates partook of a ceremonial drink or brew of some kind and that there is a more than mystical use of the censer. have been lost to us . and although it is possible to recover the philosophic.bases of the myths these rule-of-thumb mysteries still elude us . There was no record of thesenothing direct is to be found in the writings. After all. but there remains an unexplained tenth part whose agency was primarily that of mechanical excitant of what one may term "psychism"those qualities of perception that we class as psychic gifts . Nevertheless. it is unreasonable to suppose that the necessary ma- ." We cannot tell what are the ingredients of Stradivarius' violin varnishes or some old master's colours . many other similar secrets.

aracelsus-which sword he always had by him and could never be parted from-was none other than a certain amount of opium concealed in the hollow pommel. visions. and to produce an artificial state of clairvoyance . A . dreams. nufni.* The function of hypnotic drugs is known 'to a point. . and it is claimed that the familiar that inhabited the sword of P. That is to say. 120 A MODERN OCCULTIST aerials have vanished from the earth . The function of some drugs 'is to produce mental effects. Fr . beasts. The logical assumption is 'that the ancients knew certain rule-of-thumb methods of utilizing some forms of these drugs in such a way as to loosen the hold of the body (and the consciousness) upon the mind. The wizard of the Middle Ages was also a doctor. and minerals from which to gather their ingredients . we know what effect is produced on a normal individual by a given dose of an unknown drug. but in nine cases out • Paraoelsus. and phantoms. We have the whole known world to ransack for them where the ancients had only a limited and circumscribed number of plants. hallucinations.

mental state is indicated throughout the history of magic. that is to say by di rect consumption. Ceremonial libations. but it is not fair to class all magical potions as preparations of secret poisons. ritual consumption of potions or `"devil's' brews" of one kind and another are part and parcel of the traditions of necromancy and sorcery. by draught. and inhalation . Sorcery and poisoning were indeed twin practices of the Middle Ages. The function of the incense used in thaumaturgical ceremonies was primarily to intoxicate the audience . The connection between a physical draught and a . The methods of administering the drugs are two-namely. for where the spell might fail white arsenic would succeed.of ten we do not know precisely how this effect is brought about and have few clues to the series of physiological reactions that bring about the mental state . The connection between these hypnotic draughts and the practice of poisoning was not clearly perceived by most writers of the past . Just as the Pythoness of the Delphic oracles INCENSE AND OCCULTISM 121 . although in point of fact most of the hypnotic drugs are toxic .

Cinnamon bark. aromatic rush roots. honey and wine. resin. these gums formed an excellent vehicle for disguising the scent of other matters and preventing their spasmodic or instant action on the throat. so the Egyptians inhaled prepared incenses in their temples. and in particular gum benzoin. Frankincense and myrrh. such as grapes. possess soothing properties that effect the throat and nasal passages . 122 A MODERN OCCULTIST . The kyphic or incense of ancient Egypt* was compounded of myrrh. and even ambergris and musk . the vapours of the magic cave. gum-mastic. To these aromatics were added small quantities of symbolic elements. whose purpose might be either symbolic or to serve as a binding medium for the mass. The * See Ebers papyri . play their part in the mechanical induction of the psychic state. Besides being pleasant. and a portion of bitumen or asphateum. sandalwood. inhaled. various spices and perfumes were used. the burning of prepared sacrificial candles or fiambeaux. and juniper berries . all these. cardamom. The casting of herbs upon the fire. In addition to these.

" the popular name for the smokable variety of the herb cannabis indica . From them we get our commonplace word-assassin . after all. "Thammur came next behind Whose annual wound in Lebanon allured . the haseesh of the writers of the time of the Crusades. It is not. The clue to the secret of the ancient incense lies not in what we have been able to recover from the papyri. a far cry from the mysteries of Osiris in Egypt to the Thammur or Dumvuri-absu of Syria and Babylon .INCENSE AND OCCULTISM 123 influence of scent upon the emotions is well known and the Egyptians favoured the use of ambra and musk as definitely aphrodisiacal perfumes. but in the word itself. Kyphi is recognizable to-day in "keef. Cannabis indica is none other than our old friend hashish. who gave us those descriptions of the Old Man of the Mountains and his Hasch-hassins. and anybody who has ever smelt a vial of the pure oil will recognize the instant disturbance of certain nerve centres that it produces . To-day pure essence of patchouli is used in the Orient to serve the same end.

" too. but an actually induced state of stupor of deep. using the dark knowledge of certain parts of the mechanical ritual of magic to gain his mastery over the Moslem youths he sent as fanatics to do his bidding . but the death was no mere formula. There in the Lebanon he created his artificial paradise of sensuous delight." says Milton. The master of the Assassins was a master hypnotist. 124 A MODERN OCCULTIST The Syrian damsels to lament his fate In amorous ditties all a summer's day." These secrets lingered long in Lebanon. where to this day the Crypto-christianity of the Druses may be identified with many of the actual practices of magic. In the mysteries the initiates "died. Osiris and Thammus "died" annually.at Cairo and the mysteries were only trans- .trance brought about by the fumes of the "keef . and mimicry of the symbolic event was the basis of all ritual. drugged dreams and slumber. The master lodge of this cult of the Assassins was. His commands laid upon his slaves were no ordinary commands-but spells as black as any weaved by sorcery .

Burg stall. their new setting in the Lebanon by Hassan ibn Sabbah at the end of the eleventh century. INCENSE AND OCCULTISM 125 . who was served by minor chiefs or priors-the three Daial-kirbal. Fedais. and Lasigos. and below them three minor grades. and indeed the cult seems to be in many ways a kind of bastard Masonic organization. Following these came the Dais or adepts. the Mogul invader of the middle of the thirteenth century. the organization was under a commander. Outwardly Moslem. Also Are Quatuo Coronati. or Chief of the Mountains. Nominally a Moslem sect of Ismailites. but the * See Geachichte der Asaesinen . von Hammer .' the inner mysteries had no connection with either Mohammedan or any other religion. who were customarily mentally and physically pathic. an Grand Maitre des Assassins au Temps du Saiadin. Fedais or "entered apprentice" grade furnished the rank and file of the fanatical executants of the paramount will. never rose above this step in the mysteries . and these Fedais.* The. the Sheikal-Tebel. vol . By T.ferred to. The Society of the Assassins was nominally suppressed by Halaga. Refigos.

Hashish is absorbed rapidly. Cases have been known where a little of the extract used as an . but it is an interesting example of an occult society whose powers affected the course of history. when dealing with subjects of dual or multiple personality. and for all practical purposes the psychic value of the dose varies inversely with the standard of intelligence of the recipient . and methods of working were essentially based upon mechanical rather than spiritual methods of producing a certain state of mind. -The same does not necessarily produce equivalent results in individuals of differing temperament. Essentially a hypnotic-an annihilator of time and space and a stimulant of hallucinations-it is also a drug largely dependent on the idiosyncracy of the individual . 126 A MODERN OCCULTIST knowledge. it also had nothing to do with Masonry. and the traditions endured and still endure to this day. The organization was undoubtedly an evil one . The effect of hashishis a very difficult thing to define . the secrets. Also. it tends to liberate the more violent and uncontrolled of the individualities.

In actual practice there is a preliminary state of suggestibility under the influence of hashish when the operator can exercise his will upon that of the subject . As a-smoke. This was one of the. but the balancing or deterrent herb is still unrecognized by the pharmacopoeia and known only to a specialist few among experi- . We may take it that so far as the old world is concerned. action of the cannabis indica. veiled by incense or mixed with tobacco. the half of the secret has been recovered. the True Gold of the Magi . This stage is soon passed over and in the later dream states suggestion is inoperative. The modern pharmacist has lost the secret of the herb whose therapeutic function is to control the.INCENSE AND OCCULTISM 127 anodyne in corn plasters has been absorbed and produced hallucinatory state. so that the subject remained in the suggestible state and did not pass on to the later stages of hallucinatory visions . rapid intoxication 'results from its inhalation . keys-perhaps the greatest of the keys-to the storehouse of those treasures of the mind which are the time Elixir.

but it now known . but this a purely American species and the active principle anhalonium. We may or may not believe in the myth of lost Atlantis and the transmitted ritual. ing from the recipient. a new cousin of the cannabis indica. but both the Zaquis of Sonora and the Tamacheeks of Guatemala possess a ritual observance in which cannabis Americana. the physiologist claims that the * The public interest would not be served by the revelation of the second missing ingredient. is the stimulant agent .` On the other hand. is . In both cases the induction of a species of intoxication by means of the sacred herbs gathered in certain lunar or astrological aspects is held by the natives to be the basis of the communion with the spirits of the departed dead . the Ebers papyri. the same secret of priestcraft is known on the other side of the Atlantic. 128 A MODERN OCCULTIST mental occultists . The Spiritualist believes that there are spirits of the dead. f does not act on precisely the same nerve centres as the cannabinote principle of the hemps . t See monograph on Mescal by Havelock Ellis. Just as hashish itself is miss . so is the balancing coefficient . 'Other tribes use a brew of the mescal bean.

is justified in his be11 INCENSE AND OCCULTISM 129 . then the whole spirit hypothesis is imperilled. like the barbarous Indian. When the phenomena of materialization-the externalization of force-are producible by hypnotists. But the honest investigator should bear in mind that only certain rare phenomena remain unchallenged and are at present unattainable by practising psychologists. but not until all phenomena known to be produced by Spiritualist circles can be produped under hynopsis will the Spiritualist theory be finally disproved The rank and file of Spiritualists are unaware that the scientific world has a demonstrable answer to nine-tenths of the wonder that the believing Spiritualist is convinced can only occur by means of discarnate spirit intelligences.spirits are hallucinatory or that they are merely reflex as from the subconscio-ds mind of the individual or of other individuals . This twin explanation runs through all psychic phenomena. the uncritical white. Still. for the scientists will be able to produce these effects not by spirit intervention but at the behest of human will . for the moment.

The native name of this herb is marihuana . 130 A MODERN OCCULTIST lief in external spirit agency as the only explanation for the apparently miraculous . These people still carry out a pre-Columbian religion which antedates that of the Aztec and Toltec civilizations both of Mexico and the Yucatan peninsula . A friend of mine who had been a member of an exploring expedition whose mission was to . the basis of the cult is the evocation of the spirits of the departed dead for tribal and personal counsel and consultation . The following is my friend's description of one of the actual native ceremonies at which he was present : . made a careful study of the ritual of the Tamachacks . Essentially symbolic in that it takes into account primitive nature and ancestor worship. The means employed in the production of the psychic state is the smoke of the cannabis americana . "We were up in the Intamal country about . . trace a tributary of the river Usmacinta in Chiapas on the Mexico-Guatemala border to its source in the volcanic country round the unknown Lago de Peten.

Little by little. `My native .peons were carrying our little' transit theodolite and we were following a native track that led toward the hill when our party was suddenly surrounded . "That day I was with the advance party. and soon we were deep in the untouched jungle country where there are only native villages . but the bulk carried the inevitable machete. Most of the dialogue was in the native tongue. the isolated . A few had trade guns.INCENSE AND OCCULTISM 131 four days' hard river travelling beyond the San Cristobal frontier . while a minority had short bows and long quivers of obsidianheaded arrows. andas we were making a fairly complete cadastral survey of our route. we deviated slightly toward a largish jungle-covered hill that would furnish us with an excellent commanding position for triangulation. "They offered us no overt violence. but made it abundantly clear that they resented any party attempting to scale their hill . "A whistle blew in the jungle and out from the bush came semi-!=de Indians variously armed. a debased ag- . plantations disappeared.

"To cut a long story short. to whom the wonderful emeraldplumaged quetzal bird is sacred . who wore a peculiar breastplate of featherwork. talk Spanish comparatively fluently. who had probably not seen a hundred white men. however. `IIt was astonishing to that Indian. to find in me a man who knew more about the mythological importance of the -quetzal bird than he knew himself . opened the magic door to ze. could. My work on the rained cities of Yucatan sand my studies of the Mittall codices and similar . "My greatest trouble was to induce him to understand that we ' were not a prospecting party and were not after gold . work )iad given me a sound knowledge of the worship of Quetzalcoatl the god of the Morning Star. I arranged things with the head-man so that we could camp in his . which was of quetzal feathers. Talk with our men who had been with us some months finally reassured him. -4 chance compliment of mine about his feather breastplate. 132 A MODERN OCCULTIST glutinative inflective speech similar to NanhatL The leader. in all his life. as distinct from Mexicans.

The feast was that of the Cozca cuaptli the feast of vultures. "Rising on the plateau was a series of three square terraces cul min ating in a small ruined . but at last gained the top of the hill . "Here and there along the route we were stopped by sentries or guards. The people were kindly. and my friend the head-man. Here. We made a long journey through the bush. was a flat table top or plateau a few acres in extent . having introduced me to certain elders and discussed with them my knowledge of their almost extinct faith. birds as important in the Mayan underworld as in the Egyptian ceremonies . and I realized that we were actually on the sacred hill that they had forbidden us to ascend . going alone and to all external seeming unarmed . invited me to be present as a participant in a religious feast to be held that night .INCENSE AND OCCULTISM 183 village that night . climbing higher all the time. I'Shortly after dusk I left the village with them. once they understood that we were not gold hunters and meant no harm. encircled by trees.

"My friends took some time explaining my presence. and though I could not reply to certain mysterious ritualistic questions that he put. but nevertheless under guard . on the second were congregated the elect-the tribal seniors and the priests . an unobtrusive guard. • At last I was taken to the high priest of the ceremonial . he was at length satisfied that I had an efficient working knowledge not only of his ritual but of its underlying astronomical and philosophical significance . 134 building. roofless yet sound as to its walls. Soon it dawned on me that I was under guard. and on a word from him I was taken in hand by two native youths who bound a fillet of red-dyed wool worked with feather devices round my brow and gave me a peeled rod surmounted by a vulture's skull to A MODERN OCCULTIST . The lowest plateau was packed with Indians . He examined me. Eventually he was satisfied. "He was a wonderful old Indian who spoke the accented Latin Spanish of forgotten generations . Above them a figure or two moved in the building. to me. and it _was obvious that I was regarded with dark disfavour by the mass of the natives .

inopportune. "Suddenly the voice of the chief priest rose in a high-pitched wailing call. and far below in the valley mists we could see a group of flaring torches dancing like fireflies as their bearers scaled the difficult trail. INCENSE AND OCCULTISM 135 . A brazier -in the temple building began to glow red. then slowly the noise of the crowd died down and expectancy gave place to clamour . Over my clothes was put a loose dark brown cotton robe sewn with charms and trimmed at each shoulder with tufts of sombre plumage .hold as a wand of office . "Little by little the monotony of the drum throbbing became more insistent. more definitely rhythmical. and as he hailed. a new and brilliant star seemed to spring into being over the dark crest of a nearby hill . "The assemblage bowed to the star and broke into a wailing Indian chant that kept time to the beating of the hidden throbbing drums. and meaninglessly cadenced . "Thus dressed I took my place among the elders. For a while nothing happened. From somewhere in the forest came the sudden rhythm of native drums seemingly casual.

Every tenth man held a torch. but painted white and marked with ritual signs. then nude but for feather adornments. "Suddenly the dram rhythm changed and a curious whistling pipe music was heard . swayed and circled in slow-hopping processions around the blanketed heap upon the ground that represented the body . the young initiates came forward in processional dance . a skull rolled to the feet of the spectators. leapt from the pile . completely nude. A MODERN OCCULTIST . A querulous . clucking accompaniment was uttered by the chorus of spectators and the files of bronze bodies advanced and retreated. then the blankets were flung aside and an Indian youth. "They hopped grotesquely like the ill-omened zopilotes or scavenger vultures they initiated . To the centre of the second terrace bearers carried what looked like a bundle of blankets . The heap of blankets stirred and rattled. and the dancers carried out a long ballet symbolical of the burial or consumption of _the mortal body of the vultures. from the heap an arm flung out white bones.136 After the prayer came the dance .

"Three times the spectators claimed him as the risen' God. and suddenly the Boy God. "As suddenly the drums fell silent and the shrill pipes alone kept up the eerie tune . The brazier was carried inside.ing feather headdress of humming bird and quetzal feathers which gleamed like a myriad jewels in the torchlight. "My friend touched me on the shoulder. the seated elders rose. at its head the brazier . "Ranging ourselves along the walls we sat down in an open square. following the high priest. we made our way into the sanctuary . In the centre was the youth stretched on a skin-covered native bedstead. then the drums broke out into a violent triumphant dance in an infectious measure in which both dancers and spectators joined. donned a tower- ~TCENSE AND OCCULTISM 137 I . ascended the steps and entered the prepared pavilion. `I Swiftly the door was sealed with skin mats . leaving the dancers. ""Rising\to his full height he. and. "In the meantime a cloth or canvas housing. had been drawn over the roofless temple by minor priests .

I I must have been . "As if inspired. and the old men began to talk to spirits that they alone could see among the' hazy. and all the air seemed charged with flashing processions of colours and sonorous music . The heavy smoke wreathed about in the close room and a sense of languor fell upon me. now answering questions put to him. then one after another they succumbed to its influence. drug-laden smoke of the lodge . They gave me a calabash of herbscented goat's milk to drink. and in a moment or . 138 A MODERN OCCULTIS then to the accompaniment of a m4tered. "Right and left I could hear the elders inhaling the vapour.. the crude stone carving seemed alive and writhing. the boy uttered oracular wisdom.jitual and much raising and lowering lof skull-tipped wands. the priest cast herbs into the brazier . for I remember nothing more till I came to in the dawn-light in one of the terraces outside the building. Then came an invocation to the spirits. overcome by the fumes. now declaiming' what he had heard the spirits say. The painted leather screens on the rude walls became instinct with life. Slowly the drug gained in its effect over me .

nabis americana. these latter visions may be more properly ascribed to suggestion than held to have objective existence as spirit phenomena. A personal experiment carried out with a small portion of the mixture proved that identical hallucinatory results could be induced by its use in a London room as well as on the top of a Guatemalan Tescalli.139 INCENSE AND OCCULTISM two my brain cleared. and possibly some synthetic products. I made it my interest to get some of the marihuana herb." In the same way. A gum or sap exudation of an aromatic nature served to bind the mass together . have the same peculiar properties of the liberation of the "psyche. Apalysis of the marihuana revealed that it contained about twenty-five per cent . which I send you . two heard music. Of a party of four. we all know the origin of the incense and its connection. three saw colour visions. admixture of Qther herbs in addition to the main base of can . however. . . and one described figures of Mazan mythology with some exactness . As. . There is reason to believe that other plants. although con- .

Needless to say. any attempt to experiment in these matters is extremely unwise and dangerous. draught or as an inhaled smoke veiled by incense are the ritual ways of achieving a physiological result. or by hypodermic injection. A MODERN OCCULTIST .140 sumption as a. the same might be achieved by spraying a solution into the air. by absorption through the skin (this may have been -the raison d'etre of some "witch ointments '').

totemistic paganism was mixed up with licentious and bestial festivals. The ghost dog that scratches and paws and leaps into its mistress's lap is a very different thing to that which it pretends to be . Not only visible form. useful in assuring the continuance and multiplication of a savage tribe. When we reach the foulness of the goat or bat manifestations we feel with no shadow of doubt that we are in tou the unmasked spirits of evil .__ _ TheJ cline savages are usually totemistic . The beasts that come back-are beastly. And they held that the identity of soul persisted after death..but touch and smell are present.BEAST AlqD tLEMENTALS 143 may find some' glimmerings of support for a new theory when we realize that in the past and in the present idolatry prevails . is a slender one . . The border between the brutal and bloodlusting savage and the demon. To a large extent. We are brought into distinct contact with the sardonic mocking terror that lies on the other side of life. not in a new hu_mau.existenee but as a rebirth. but evolving practices repugnant to Western ethics .

the early fathers explicitly identified such animal manifestations with the sorcery of paganism . We get soxnethb of the same basic conception in` the idea of th '` -wolff s 'v m~pire. and there is a singular reinforcement of this theory in that in the Dark Ages when paganism was yielding reluctantly to the inroads of the Christian faith. comes very close to the accepted idea of a devil or-demon. hold that the beast manifestations are not forms or shapes assumed by evil spirits that have been mortal. notably those of the Viennese school. The conception of a 'singularly evil earth-bound negro spirit who has believed in an after-life in which his soul will inhabit the body of an ape or a leopard. but are. living evil thought-forms. Other occultists. Sometimes it chances that we. The fantastic gargoyles that ornament cathedrals are simply tradition alizations of that period when these beast incarnations in all their devilishness contended against the spread of a purer faith. as it were. by accident open a doer through which a tenth-century devil can creep in. in this twentieth century. -and are the incarnation of 144 A MODERN OCCULTIST .

Proof is not possible.be that certain seemingly innocent ritual acts have contributed their quota to the maintenance of life in certain forgotten cults-whose entities come suddenly into being again in a most alarming manner. as it were. supported. the essential quality of the evil that these entities typify and attempt to induce does . the identity of beast materializations with incarnate prototypes of -sin will probably be manifest . although the sin is divorced from its old ritual significance . This theory of the continuation of the sacrificial value of sin is of course one of the most serious aspects of the art of sorcery. and it may . well . and it is not yet the time to marshal the facts which would seem to indicate that a dead cultus can yet live on. the most agile-witted student of the occult.BEASTS AND EU EN ALS M 145 dead and evil -cults on -which a great deal of human thought-energy had been expended during some time in the world's history . by the emotional sin of the present-day world. T`o the occultist + who thinks this matter out. Propitiation and symbolism are often linked up in a way that perplexes. As it is.

however. If these phenomena appear to be connected with any particular medium. The beast becomes an obsession and is to all intents and purposes the old "familiar" of the days of witchcraft . but the medium who sees "animals" is suspect. knowledge has been 146- A MODERN OCCULTIST. but which cannot be more fully expounded in a book of this nature. The occultist and the mystic who know something of the mysteries will. see the reasons. . break off the sitting at once. avoid people who claim that the spirits of pet animals have come back to them . when thousands are interested in psychical matters.. Above all things. To-day. there are the gravest reasons for seeking another sensitive. not become apparent from a chance unsought materialization. For reasons which are hinted at above. Repeated evocations of these entities lead to disaster . the beast materialization is a phenomenon which should be avoided at all costs. If such occurs at a seance. The cynic may contend that it is folly to be afraid of the spirits of poor dumb animals and yet invite communication with the mortal dead .

The wellmeaning. Positive and Negative. acclauning hell vanquished because in their rapturous exultation over new discoveries of old things they have forgotten the absolute rule of balance. This is a rather childish way of treating the Powers-in point of fact. forgotten or tra pled underfoot. and this Od- . Good and Bad. There is a pleasing conceit that if the Powers of Evil turn up it will be enough to utter a Protestant prayer and say that because .Strong and Weak. safe. it does not work. Occultism is not either good. and quite safe. Plus or Minus . is perfect ridiculous . nor amusing for the vast majority of people .. it is very much like saying that lightning cannot strike you because you have rubber heels to your boots .den acclamation of the Unseen World as all good. all easy. you are I `good" a bogy can't touch you. There is balance in all things. Spiritualism as generally practised is a kind of beneficent bobbing into the Tom Tiddler's ground of the Unseen. loud-voiced blind lead myriads to a new heaven.

all kinds have been described as elementals. Besides the darfgerous and perplexing beast manifestations. giant appearances. but a certain confusion has arisen through the use of this word as applied to all spirit phenomena which were not broadly classifiable as human . Air. These phenomena are the only ones properly described as due to elementals. Ghosts. but bears a close relationship to mental Forces such as Fire." never realize that it is the right use of knowledge that means Power and that sometimes the coming of Power without knowledge spells. Originally all these outside spirits not known as the souls of mortals were classed as being spirits of Earth or Fire. . or Water. 148 A MODERN OCCULTIST It . . there is a third class of phenomenon which is manifestly neither human nor animal. Air. catastrophe for_ all concerned. and ferocious and evil spirits of. is a melancholy reflection that the very people who go about reading little handbooks on "Knowledge is Power. or Water . and by this arbitrary relation to the elements became known as Elementals . so that the word has lost its real precision.

but there is reason to suppose that this view rose from the too literal interpretation of the old rituals and maltrans lation of the occult "Grimoires" of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries .In effect only phenomena where no apparent organic or physical materialization or incarna . have been noted . and Water . To my mind the organic presence destroys the evidential value of the latter accounts due to the effect of elementals as distinct from spirits. The appearance of these elementals is rare BEASTS AND-ELEMENTAL$ 149 . but I know of no case where earth or water phenomena apart from ' ` apports " by a materialized presence claiming to be an earth or water elemental. tion of any kind occurs should be classified as purely elemental . Air or wind phenomena are also known. In magic it was held that these Powers were served by spirits. The elementals are properly those intelligences (the word spirits conveys a wrong implication) that are termed in the old rituals the Powers of Fire. Of these the heat elemental is a phenomenon that is occasionally obser*ed . Earth. Air.

No shorter duration of time should be accepted . it must be remembered that in many cases autosuggestion will induce an extension of the protective ecto. r These cases are difficult.or psychoplasm which is. I have only a secondhand instance of a pure heat elemental to relate . equally effective .* The South Sea and Indian fanatics who walk across redhot stones indubitably possess this self-contained power .*The really genuine fire medium can hold a red-hot coal or glowing asbestos from the gas fire on the palm of the hand for two minutes . 150 A MODERN OCCULTIST and sporadic. This was communicated to me by a very well-known . and though a "fireproof" medium who can carry live coals in his hand may claim it to be due to the effect of a fire-elemental control. . usually associated with a place or an individual rather than with the sitting of a seance. Sometimes the individual afflicted by the elemental is affected in a negative manner--that is to say. he is immune to the effect of fire or heat or has the power of inducing enormous draughts and air disturbances in confined space without knowing why.

" I had been there some six weeks or so." said he . of the mountains just change into stretches of rocky moors above the low-lying wooded valleys . Muir was by habit and training a keen observer . took me . "I was staying down at Pwhyll-gor. "According to them. but one old man declared it had happened before in the same dis- . a little hill village with a few cottages and two inns of small-attractiveness. sketching and wandering and doing a little trout fishing when the mood. One evening I found the taproom learnedly discussing the blight that was affecting an orchard in a nearby farm. He had been down in the Welsh Marches where the low foothills .151 BEASTS AND ELEMENT ALS mountain painter whom we will call Calvin Muir. half the affected trees appeared burnt or seared and there was great discussion whether lightning could strike without a oonettrrent storm or thunderclap . He was also a Frater of the Rosicrucian Society and had a wide general knowledge of many strange aspects of occultism . I `Others held that it was probably a mischievous trick by small boys.

trict in his father's time and that it was due to owl blasting .' "This, it seemed, was a form of witchcraft' or magic, but more closely related to the malevolent forces of nature than to mortal ill will . He was not, communicative, but disclosed enough to make me determine to visit the farm . next day. "I found it up on the hillside in a little natural valley or gap where a few. fertile acres had been reclaimed . It was a poor enough small homestead, bleak and barren, and the wretched little orchard was poor enough in all conscience without suffering supernatural violences . "The farmer's wife received me and made no secret of her troubles . Together we went out to view the damage, and I found two ciderapple trees whose foliage and fruit had been literally burnt in an area as large . as a goodsized cart wheel. "That was the queer thing about it, the close circular or rather spherical limits of the damage . It was just as if a red-hot round bite had been taken out of the thick of the tree, and
e

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TS STD'' h+`.L ETALS 153 left the neighbour twigs and leaves unsinged unseared . "They had no explanation to offer except lightning, and it was manifest they had no real _belief in that . I suggested boys, but was told there was but one about the farm-even as I made the suggestion I knew it :was futile ; but what would you? "I asked when the calamity occurred, and they told me in full daytime between dawn and lunch. In the morning all had been well in the orchard-by noon two trees half ruined, and no one had seen sight of smoke or flame, nor sound . "The suggestion of 'owl blasting' brought no response. They were strangers to the country, having come some ten years ago from Swansea way. It's the hills,' said . the woman. Well,' said I, ' another watcher will do no harm. Can you give me a shakedown, and tomorrow I will go out with my easel and stay sketching the orchard.' "She assented without enthusiasm, and I spent that night at the farm.

BI

"The farmer was no wiser and rather surlier than his wife, but both were manifestly oppressed with fear . Their boy alone was cheerful and unmoved. f "The next day I rose at cock-crow, passed through the orchard and out on to the hills to a patch of-rock-and heather some two hundred yards away. "By seven- o'.cloA had watched in a good stretch of the farm and the orchard in which not a soul had moved. All at once, I stood with my brush poised in amazement, as there . high above the trees was poised a small, blue-yellow lambent flame that seemed to drift sideways in the windless air. "For a moment I thought it was a fire balloon, then saw my error . Without a thought I ran toward it just in time to see it settle down on to a tree whose leaves in a moment turned from green to darkening brown and burst almost immediately into crackling flame . My cries brought out the boy and the woman from the house and on their coming it vanished and we were left gazing at the damage it had done. "I told them what I had seen, and the woman

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155 BEASTS AND ELF:MENTALS suddenly put her apron over her face and burst into tears. We sent the boy to fetch her husband, who came in a marked state of worry and, agitation . "I could not follow the quick interchange of Welsh words that ensued . The man then asked me who had told me of `owl . .blasting, I and together we went to the village to find the old man. "It appeared that a month or so back the farmer had used some old rocks which were part of the ring of a Cromlech to rebuild one of his' stone walls . This, according to the old man, had brought down the `owl blasting' upon . him. "Painstakingly they dragged the stones back to their original place, and I believe certain ceremonial was gone through at the next quarter of the moon . "The precise things done were kept secret from me, for I was a stranger and suspect, but I gathered enough to understand that a mercenary destruction or disturbance of Druidic remains brought its own reward. "All that I can say is that a ball of fire came

but it Ask difficult to conceive in what manner the Powers were propitiated . of the foliage of an apple tree under conditions precluding any human agency . 156 A MODERN OCCULTIST out of clear sky quite slowly and destroyed part." The above is Calvin Muir's account . on the other hand. Muir. . So far. Scientific people have suggested slow-drying phosphorus solution as an explanation of an apparently supernatural occurrence. To an occultist the connection between the Power of Fire and the violation of a Cromlech is convincing. and that the old man who knew about "owl blasting" was not an interested or malevolent party in a peasant's plot . was positive that it was a true manifestation of a fire elemental. no hypothesis that will serve as a rational explanation of all the facts has ever been advanced.

exhibited as quaint and dreadful deformity would bethe phrase is exact. It is a mental deformity. Now. Possession. It springs from a per. in fact.CHAPTER IX POSSESSION PaoM time to time we come across cases of demoniacal possession . It is.. like shell shock." is in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred -a perfectly curable disease. In these there is apparently the permanent or temporary dominar tion of the soul or mind of the victim by an evil spirit or demon of alien personality. 157 . and in cases where the possession is nominally at least a mild one the possessed are sometimes quite proud of it. Cases of possession are invariably claimed as "proofs" of the existence of spirit intelligence. it must be understood that the psychologists have of late years made enormous strides in their knowledge of the vagaries of the subconscious mind .

three separate individuals Leone." and medical science of to-day. The wise priest was able to "cast out demons. does not much matter. Possession is curable-if the patient . Leontine under the light stage of . Possession can be readily evoked in nearly all hypnotic subjects. can be diagnosed by psychoanalysis and eradicated by transference or by suggestion . Whether one accepts the scientific theory that these "possessions" are but multiple personalities and that there may be several mental personalities in the one mind. ' Not only one but several distinct personalities can be developed by the psychologist. The processes of Christian exorcism often attained the same result. 158 A MODERN OCCULTIST version of the subconscious state. known in the waking state as a "`possessor" . working by analytical methods rather than by rule of thumb. achieves the same results . really desires to be cured . Janet's experiments developed in Madame B. or whether one belives the idea of spirit influence. In any case the doors of the mind can be firmly locked on either spirit or mental dis 3ase .

but Coriat's book' is a sound and easily grasped introductory manual. t Abnormal Paychology. the fear or "phobia" of some perfectly normal things a desire to touch objects .*. Coriat.hypnosis. There are dozens of variations of these obsessions which spring to mind. and Leonore in a deeper condition . In every case where normal personality has been overthrown and another or * Pierre Janet : L'automatisme Psychologique . Rider. A medium may be "controlled" by spirits said to be good. Even a popular knowledge and comprehension. It is curious to note that cases of possession by good spirits are absolutely unknown .t The normal form of mental trouble is an obsession. but this does not amount to a possession. The state of possession can only be said to exist when the mind is under the dominance of another individuality distinct from the normal personality. of this peculiar disease of the subeonsciQus is difficult to attain without a sound elementary grasp of the principles of psychology . 1911 . POSSESSION 159 . isador H . The bulk of books on the subject are written for the medical' or scientific mind.

The character of a "possessing" demon is in most cases determined by experiences that the victim has passed through . neurasthenia. a fact which accounts for the peculiar medley of dreams and their frequent lack of moral balance and accentuation of sexual characteristics . When normal conscious control is overthrown. but stays as a suppressed desire or wish buried in the recesses of subconscious mind . is not destroyed or wiped out of existence. and which we repress because it is bad or evil. disappointment . This is to certain extent explicable if we realize that every thought or wish that occurs to us. these subconsciously stored desires or wishes come bubbling up-a fact that seems to explain why -the language used by nicely brought up girls recovering after the administration of an anaesthetic would put a coal-heaver to flight . all these may bring about the splitting of the personality so . these repressed desires escape all mixed up from their bondage. 160 A MODERN OCCULTIST other personalities take possession we find-s evil. too. Shock. illness. 'In the dream-state.

Possession by evil spirits is invariably connected with violence and vice .and take charge.the idea of possession is stimulated by messages received through mediums or by automatic writing-this is one of the many frequent cases where undigested. Anything that helps the idea of possession to grow in the afflicted mind should be avoided . Gradually the nature of the possession becomes more acutely defined and is recognized as a different 'personality-au evil personality resident in the same body using the same mind . It is in all human probability only the repressed wishes---all the pent-up unfulfilled evil of a lifetime taking shape and urging gratification rather than repression in a new and secondary personality. and thoughts utterly repugnant to the sedate conscious self . that the _secondary or possessing personality -can overthrow consciousness. The victim is often horrified to find his or her mind continually filled with terrible desires. intolerable passions. always they are signs of POSSESSION 161 . Sometimes . uneducated Spiritualism is often abominably 1harmful. Sometimes the attacks are periodic .

According to the older writers. A possessed person_ is a fit subject for psychotherapeutic treatment-by qualified medical men. In cubi. 162 mental instability and psychic disease . It is sufficient to indicate the danger. she-devils who seduced 'the souls and possessed the bodies of men . This psychic transference can only be done in safety by certain and specific ways beyond the scope of this work . A MODERN OCCULTIST . and Succubi were all demons of temporary possession that tempted man . and where exorcism failed the stake was found effective. Larvae. Incubi were male demons who possessed the bodies of mortal women . In psychic healing the doctrine of sacrifice and the scapegoat had a very literal interpretation . -but a source of very real psychic danger in a seance or as a subject for well-meaning experiments in faith healing by amateurs. Possession in its varying aspects has given rise to many myths and legends . In the Middle Ages and far later the Faith strove lustily with them. The healer often takes upon his own soul the burden that he lifts from another . Succubi.

163. "possession. carious satisfaction from the sins of the living . Prosecutions for sorcery. and in the pages of the records we can trace the Incubi and Suceubi now hidden as familiar spirits." and similar crimes raged throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Sorcerers had thepower of despatching these erotic demons to gratify their associates or plague their enemies. now described as the devil himself. Even if one admits that the average '"possession" is-one's own evil subconscious personality attempting to overthrow the conscious mind. and it is notable that this doctrine of vicarious enjoyment or satisfaction reappears in the Spiritualist belief in gross and earth bound souls of sinners who haunt drinking booths and houses of ill-fame. but curiously true in their nature to the occasional demoniac possessions that trouble the twentieth century. POSSESSION. . The old demonographera give lurid and disgustful accounts of these "possessions" * and insist on their contagious nature . certain questions and possibilities arise . deriving vi-.

That the astral body or mind can make disoarnate journeys is a well-known fact to. be admitted that in all such cases which came under my notice there had .all Spiritualists . We have here. no reason to suppose that this faculty would be less material in a possessive personality-whose origin was speeifically in the dream realm of the subconscious . There is. it is far more plausible to suppose that the possessor or demon mind would find it far easier to make the journey than the other personality. It must. then. In other words. Indeed. however. then. This has been suggested to me in various forms by people who have believed themselves the victims of discarnate spirits-and who were at times possessed by them against their wills . some possible psychic explanation of many of -the cases of sorcery where the complaint of the sufferers was that they were victimised during sleep by demons . for it is recognized that the release of the actual body occurs in trance or dream state. they were the recipients of undesired attentions by the astral body of either -the sorcerer or his followers or associates .

and thereby derives direct satisfaction through the . Viewed from the psychical point of view. autosuggestion. possession is an extremely difficult problem . or the little known but common phenomena of psychic invasion-by. Possessions fall under two heads : those in which the possessing spirit urges the victim to the commission of injurious acts in person. and. general explanation of all the phenomena. but no case of possession which was not either openly or secretly erotic is known to be recorded . One of the great difficulties is the natural reluctance of the victims to disclose exact details. other f members of the circle . Real spirit possession might occur. suggestion or psychic invasion is often indicated . as I have explained. These cases must be taken individually. and it was impossible to exclude the possibility of previous hypnosis. multiple personality and the concentration of evil repressed desires in the secondary individuality furnishes a complete scientific explanation of the phenomenon . and there are not yet grounds for laying down a . POSSESSION 165 been. connection with Spiritualist circles or with minor forms of occultism.

Spirit Identity. The possibility Qf intercourse between spirit and mortal has been held . The djinn of the Arabian Nights is a very real thing to the modern native. A MODERN OCCULTIST body .to be a possibility since Biblical times. t Stainton Moses. 7 . and those in which a vicarious satisfaction is achieved through the astral body . just as some was produced by others who had proceeded further and returned to enlighten man . Appendix II . and the expulsion of the fallen angels was due to this sin .* Stainton Moses held that much of the lower phenomena was caused by spirits who had not yet reached man's plane of intelligence. The whole theory` of spirit possession or demon possession "is linked with this idea . and in a myriad variations . in Oriental religions. and a considerable literature exists in which the intercourse between djinn and mortal is the main theme . 166 . In the same way the belief in fairy wives or husbands is not so long dead in Europe and alive to-day among the hill tribes of the Pamirs . In the "possessed" state the victim is unconscious *Jude VI.f This belief occurs in folklore.

The occultist and the scientist agree about very few things. accompanies nominal possession . These cases are not genuine cases of possession in its worst sense when they begin. Clairvoyance. and other psychic qualities appear at the time of the seizure. Hot objects may be handled with impunity. r of deeds done and words said . Often there is marked anaesthesia and insensitiveness to pain . and the possessed pour out streams of gibberish in which a few dominant words or phrases bearing a slight resemblance to some known tongue may be distinguished . The transferable or infectious quality of possession is not so POSSESSION 167 . In nine cases. There are gifts of strange tongues usually said to be Eastern or Indian. out of ten frenzy or hystena . electric shocks are not felt . The blame is -the blame of the demon . but very frequently the victim is urged by fools to develop these wonderful powers and the Darker Powers accept the invitation and step in . the gift of prophecy. but both agree that possession and surrender to possession are the first steps to moral and physical disaster .

the daughter of wealthy and respectable Midland parents. but once given over to this obsession she found that owing to 168 . but with the increase of Spiritualism its effects will in a year or so become capable of perception by even the most unenlightened .wading entity dominated her entire mind and mode of life. Some slight success attended her efforts and 'she became interested in Egyptian mythology because her spirit paintings were Egyptian in character. normal girl although inclined to be neurotic. like all too many Spiritualists. she had been a healthy. but met her about a year after she had taken up her Egyptian studies. I did not see her frequently. Her first actual essays were with automatic writing . then as she was an art student she tried painting under spirit control. of neurotic and hysterical temperament . Before. She stated that in her was reincarnated the soul of an Egyptian priest . A MODERN OCCULTIST widely known as it should be. This in . became interested in psychic matters. Her faith was greater than her powers of discernment and she was. A girl of my acquaintance.

Interspersed with these records were the tragic outpourings of her soul. There is nothing known to-day that was not known in the past. the. are like children playing with a box of drugs. Sometimes they. The remainder of her life was short but tragic. some of which are active poisons . her self-analysis of her psychic disaster. the ancients. POSSESSION 169 . There were things there terrible to read. but Spiritualists and other investigators have discovered a few of the minor marvels that were known to. She was possessed by a male mind in a female body. but wisely hidden by. It is not perhaps fair to blame psychic science for disastrous tragedies such as these. and with this extraordinary' inversion of normal feelings was obliged to break off her engagement .n were repugnant -to her. Her automatic writings (which were destroyed after her unhappy death at her own hands) showed the ascendancy of the possess ing demon as it grew over her.psychic change of sex all men. but it must be openly admitted that occultism is not for the multitude .

One message of consolation. and they are convinced of the truth of Spiritualism and will not be warned that whatever truth it may hold it also holds Untruth and Danger as well as Hope. The charges that Spiritualism is the high road to lunacy have these unfortunate occurrences as their basis . one instance of subconscious telepathy with a medium. 170 A MODERN OCCULTIST/ . The threshold between the innocent "control" and the malevolent "demons of possession" is a very. indeed often. very narrow one . Sometimes. there is no dividing line at all.

render the account entirely valueless from any point of view. The result is that we are faced with an unusual case which remains mysterious. In other cases the character or mentality of the observer has been such as to . at present . except that of sensa-. This is perhaps best illustrated by those oases of material phenomena which we class as Poltergeists . tionalism. 171 . server. they are infrequent or isolated instances which cannot yet be relegated to a specific class and labelled. usually because opportunity for a thorough examinat tion of the phenomena is lacking . that is to say. I have frequently come across hearsay evidence and been unable to find the original ob `.CHAPTER X SOME NEW FACTS -AND THEORIES Ts~E are a number of peculiar phenomena that come under no specific head or grouping.

The actual power of physical med. some strange way connected with physiological conditions. C. Sceptics usually attribute the phenomena to pure mischief and a desire to mystify or be revenged on somebody by the child.umship is a gift which is in. Doyle. It is often more marked in ill-health than when well and someSee The New Revelation . .* but there are' many others recorded and a good many more details of which have been suppressed for personal or economic reasons. The distinguishing characteristics of a poltergeist haunting are aimless violence and mischief accompanied by the displacement and turning about of material objects and unaccompanied by any visible materialization of the manifesting entity . Sir A. In many cases these mischievous phenomena are associated directly or indirectly with children or young persons . 172 The most recently recorded case was the Cheriton dugout.. Ronald Grey has some interesting notes under this heading to which I will now turn . but I do not hold that this is the true interpretation. A MODERN OCCULTIST .

But the SOME NEW FACTS AND TlWRIES 113 .' Just as many people hold that the bulk of harmless as distinct from malignant apparitions are "thought-impressions" on the sure rounding walls which become visible to people with the gift of clairvoyance. . Mind cannot affect matter without the influence of a human intermediary . The doctrine held by Spiritualists that a poltergeist is a low type of spirit essentially nonhuman and akin to the tree dryads or earth or air elementals does not seem to be borne out in practice . so are there some grounds for believing that the poltergeist manifestations are due not to any directing intelligence at all but to the permanence of some old act or thought which still has in some cases the power of influencing matter . If a known physical medium is substituted for the original one the phenomena will often be as effectively reproduced. times vanishes completely or may return again after a year or two. It has now been ascertained that the site of the haunting is the functioning factor and that one or other of the humans present is the often unconscious medium .

etc.physical medium is a human intermediary and serves as a dynamo or battery for the generation of a necessary force . The "psyche force" or psyehoplasm extended by the medium is very closely akin to what is termed "animal magnetism"-it seems to be of nervous origin and physiologically connected with internal secretory organs . malicious tricks afflicting an individual . *For details of leverage. T..impish. see : The and Fixperimenta in Payohioai Crawford . Just as table levitations and similar phenomena are produced by the extrusion of psychical rods or levers which are invisible' .but but which are directed to a definite task by intelligence. so the poltergeist phenomena seem to be similar phenomena but without any directing intelligence. Then the child's mind consciously or subconsciously directing the impulse may focus the manifestation in the way of . By W. Phenomena Reality of Payohio Beience. 174 A MODERN OCCULTIST r . This statement needs qualification in the cases where' the child medium has become partly aware that in some strange way he or she is the prime motor for the phenomena .

but the manifestations do not occur unless physical limits. In a poltergeisted house two unconscious agents of the activities may. 8OMF . The next point is the accumulatory effect of surroundings . such as walls. NEW FACTS AND THEORIES 175 . Here we are very much in the dark. it is conceivable that the continued extension of this force may continue from unascertained physiological conditions. life-that is to say. are present . particularly while asleep. it certainly continues during the state of sleep. and so explain some of the baffling and distressing phenomena that have occurred in vaults and given rise to the theory of bodies being buried alive in a cataleptic condition . age of puberty may quite conceivably endow occasional children with a transient power of physical mediumship. There is nothing to show that this vitality ceases with death . but also while awake. saturate the surroundings with this peculiar -form of energy . and if it is borne in mind -that even when the soul has passed from the body after death. intense bacterial activity-continues..A slight nervous derangement of one of the many complexes associated with the.

The ancients were keenly aware of certain mon strous after-death possibilities which the moderns ignore. is where the theory of poltergeist manifestations splits . It should be remembered that the graves of saints become shrines and that miracles are attributed to them. scure texts relative to the Egyptian processes of embalming. usually adolescents. and that certain most terrible vampire phenomena are associated with some unsanctified graves . They are often traceable to (a) Unconscious physical mediums. so in certain cases it seems as if . Just as the hair and nails of some corpses continue to grow to extravagant lengths long after death. and other religious rituals in connection 'with the disposal of corpses . '(b)' In certain difficult cases the human element has been eliminated. 176 A MODERN OCCULTIST More advanced students will see in the foregoing hypothesis the explanation of certain ob . and the only hypothesis is the sudden manifestation of a latent force derived from the dead. then. This.

AND THEORIES 177 the corruption of the flesh were accompanied by a translation of the residual vital force or nervous energy-as distinct from soul or consciousness-into free psychic power . etc . This energy can apparently be stored in matter such as walls. however malignant astral powers may be there is a law that they annot harm or injure mortals . wood. He is using matter whose very body nay be impregnated with that peculiar essence or force which is the vehicle of all psychic phenomena . These powers can be and often ha e been applied to the most sinister purposes. and seems to have the quality of remaining latent until some unknown cause begins to change it from a static to . Jtilized by anyone .SOME NEW FACTS . This is one o those dangerous statements that Spiritualists make use of without knowing what they are to g about. The sorcerer who produces earth from a particular grave and who treasures unholy mortal relies of evil man. People who are interested in serving the Powers of Evil have sedulously propagated the' idea that.a "dynamic" condition .. is practising more than a mere symbolism.

178

pregnant with soul- and body-destroying capacities, and it is, fair to say that certain other occult powers are the least defence against them. I am inclined to favour the theory that in all oases of poltergeists, where non-human sources of power are indicated, careful psychic analysis will reveal some inanimate matter which has been in contact with either evil-living mortality or the dead, and is serving as the focus and reservoir of the force . The power appears to be sporadic and cumulative, but it can be destroyed or dissipated both by material and, by occult means if it can be traced to its source. The latent cumulative effect of such an evil relic may possibly stimulate the extension of psychoplasm by unconscious mediums brought within its sphere of influence . This seems indicated where an exchange of physical mediums in the one, centre of inflection has produced parallel results . There is also some ground for supposing that the phases of the moon affect the manifestation.

with occult knowledge and experience they are

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SOME NEW FACTS AND THEORIES 179 I is, of course, fashionable to deride the moon, but any seaside ` doctor will admit that his patients die with the ebb of the tide ; and, further, it is highly 'illogical to suppose that an influence which can affect the vast masses of the tides is without its influence on the tenuous fluids of vitality. The lunar effect is probably due to a screening or projection of specific solar or ethereal vibrations below the range which we see as light and colour and above that which we recognize as electrical phenomena . "The simple undirected energy display of a poltergeist phenomenon may be converted into a specifically malignant phenomenon. The energy may be used to form a vehicle for an evoked elemental succubus or incubus, or might under certain different conditions be similarly utilized to accommodate or materialize a 'familiar' of a higher order," says Duchesne, writing of some researches carried out in the Var, "but I am still at a loss to know what induces the phenomena to appear with such fulminant energy and purposeless commencement ."

180

A peculiar case of poltergeist occurred in Hertfordshire last spring .* The farm bailiff of a home farm complained that his cottage, which looked out on the yard of the farmstead, had become intolerable . Crockery was smashed on the dresser, pots and pans flew about while nobody touched them, and when the whole family were at midday lunch in their living-room a kettle of boiling water which was simmering on the kitchener hob was brought through an adjoining open door and slammed down among the diners at the table without spilling a drop. Stones were, thrown, windows broken, and even bedclothes snatched off. I went down ,in response to an invitation by the owner of the estate and soon convinced myself that the phenomena were authentic. The family consisted of the bailiff, his wife, a girl of fourteen, and a son of twenty. The latter was not much in the house, being about on the hills with the sheep, as it was lambing time. Previous experience led one to suspect the girl, who seemed quite honest and very fright*Author's note, 1912.

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SOME NEW FACTS All) THEORIES 181 ened at the occurrences . My host and I were personal witnesses of flying stones and still more remarkable the scattering of a big sheaf of straw. The sheaf was being carried from the barn to,the cow-house by the girl herself at about three in the afternoon. We were talking to the bailiff's wife . Suddenly the girl stopped and the big bundle of straw seemed to be lifted out of her arms at least two feet above her head . It balanced for a moment or two like a captive gas ' balloon, then whirled into thousands of separate straws which flew all about the yard . No conceivable trick of wind-and it was a wettish, windless day-nor any human effort could have accomplished it . The truss burst like a shell, some of the straws flying right over the roofs of the outbuildings . The terrified girl burst into tears and ran to her mother for comfort and protection . That night we sent the girl away, and though manifestations continued for another two days, these were of decreas ing violence . The cottage. was only a few years old and no deaths had occurred there, but the farmstead

"and it come to us when we pulled down Blackley Old Grange. I went over the whole place most carefully." said the foreman. but found nothing to guide me. A 1JOD1 I N OCCULTIST was a very old one. I was puzzled to find any clue to the exciting cause of the trouble . A certain intuition or psychic susceptibility led me to suspect one of the big kitchen rafters which supported the ceiling of the kitchen and the floor of the girl's room ." "What kind of a place was that i " said I. -the local contractor's foreman told_ us at once where it had come from. On inquiry I found that the architect who had designed the new buildings had employed a local contractor and used old red bricks and old timber wherever possible in order to preserve the old-fashioned effect given by weathered colours. the estate having a connected history to pre-Tudor times . It was not difficult to trace the material . and at last turned my attention to the structure of the cottage. 182 . "It stood in our yard here for ten years or more before we put it into the new buildings.

he did. experimented with the girl later. was perfectly normal . but did not find that she possessed any marked gifts. I am inclined to believe that the absorption of force takes place from prolonged contact with the emanation of the dead rather than ' from the . transient impression of conscious thoughts. It was impossible to trace the beam to . when. . except that I learnt that the murdered patient lay for a month in the room in which she was' killed before the crime was found out.He hanged himself just before the visitors was expected to see the patient he had killed . but there was no further recrudeseence of the trouble when an iron girder was substituted for the beam. swered "The ownerwas a doctor and he went mad and hanged himself. not from the beam ." he an.`Private madhouse at the last. and the girl." SOME NEW FACTS AND THEORIES 183 Research carried us no further. . brought back.. its position.. after the man's suicide . after killing one of the patients a month before . I. but I gathered that the doctor hanged himself from a window bar or curtain hook.

Certain people have claimed peculiar gifts. as. the room must not be the claimant's habitual studio . If anyone has this gift it can be demonstrated easily." Another puzzling if popular subject is that of spirit photographs. but in no case has a satisfactory result been obtained at a genuine test-seance. or rather a section of it. The studio must be neutral groundthat is to say. the remainder was burnt. but have never yet come across one in which all possibility of ingenious fraud has beenn entirely eliminated. 184 A MODERN OCCULTIST although she was indubitably a good hypnotic subject. I secured for the purposes of research. The beam. They are not suitable for publication at this stage.' I have handled scores of them. i . The camera must be provided by the testers.. and I learnt recently of similar objectionable attributes associated with a battlefield souvenir from near Ypres . The medium must be stripped perfectly naked and the same rule should apply to the testing committee if it includes anyone known *Valuable data were gained by experiment with this disastrous relic . also the dark slide and plates. where scientific precautions have been observed .

He_ should not be allowed to . and until the matter has been tested by a properly qualified body of men all such photographs are open to the g±av est suspicion. weakness of the whole case lies in the fact that they. Money-making is not the only motive for fraud.cannot be obtained under to the medium . and many of the fakers are often more anxious to build up a bogus reputation for I (mystery working" than to make a direct profit on the transaction . under test conditions at the nearest chemist's dark room.SAME NEW FACTS AND THEORIES 185 touch plates. The spirit photograph is deemed to be genuine if it is taken under conditions which an average expert photographer holds to be fraudproof. The. dark slide. Development should be carried out . There is no known spiritual law which should lead us to think that a psychograph or spirit photograph is a possibility. The avenues of fraud are so numerous that it is only possible to indicate a few of the methods adopted to deceive the credulous . or camera except when naked"and under close scrutiny .

First is the background trick. Many of these salts are rich in infra-red rays which will project an image through a metal dark slide . A MODERN OCCULTIST 186 genuine scientific. There are several methods of 'attaining. . Second is the contact process by which a small negative of the "spirit" face is mounted on a background of card prepared with radioactive salt solution . the result. In a word. even when the photographer brings his own plates and dark slides and his own camera. in order to make a contact image . but shows in the photograph . The 'medium" has only to handle the dark slide during the sitting or the plate in the dark room previous to development. "Phenomena" painted on the wall or near by the objects appear in the photograph though invisible to the eye. An acid solution of sulphate of quinine is invisible to the eye. as opposed to amateur. eat conditions . the spirit Image is imprinted on the negative under conditions not normally suspected by the photographers.

Sometimes the . The third method is that most commonly used. and it is possible for the apparatus to be arranged inside a piece of furniture in the studio. The instrument lies hidden in the medium's sleeves . When stereoscopic cameras with twin lenses are used the fraud is manifest . and camera are not tampered with. The beam of light is sometimes passed through a prism series in order to allow a room parallel to the studio to be used for the purpose of projecting. A cruder variation of this. The "spirit image" is projected through a minute lens in a hole in the wall of the studio . as they are satisfied that if plates. the°electrio -pencil flashlight with a rubber cup over the end containing the "spirit face" negative contact with the exposed plate. so the fraud is childishly easy . Even expert photographers are fooled by this trick. is achieved in the dark room . fraud is impossible .SOME NEW FACTS AND T$EORIES 187. The sitter usually has his back to the source of the projection and the "medium" takes the photograph and makes the exposure. slide.

The whole business is a cruel and heartless fraud. but the dupes are not really deserving of pity. In the case of an unknown sitter." When the medium's own apparatus or dark room is used there are endless ways of faking. but are accepted by many uncritical believers. but never are the "spirit images" in the same relative position or plane. fakers try hard to get an image into 'each half of the plate. If there was a word of truth in the 188 A MODERN OCCULTIST . strange blurred faces or perfect strangers are thrown on to the plate and excused as "guardian angels. These show the diamond patterns of the screen and are obvious fakes. If the sitters are well known it is not difficult for photographs of deceased relatives to be obtained and the spirit negative made from-the photograph. In many cases reproduction of newspaper halftone blocks have been found on so-called spirit pictures .but it is these methods of faking an image without raising the ordinary photographer's suspicions that are interesting .

A good sleight-of-hand expert can accomplish card or other tricks which seem perfectly inexplicable td the layman. ignoring those which lie without the slender. AND THEORIES 189 . They welcome the amateur with half-knowledge. Gustave le . Yet the whole of their belief rests on nothing stronger than the "miraculousness" of a conjuring trick . The spirit photographers deplore and avoid investigation by really efficient scientific men.who describes ilistan* The Evolution of Forces . realm of his knowledge . Gustave le Bon . Bon.claim of "spirit photographers" the' testimony of an official test by a reputable committee of the Royal Photographic Society would settle the question once and for all. He concentrates on the obvious roads 'to fraud. SOME NEW FACTS .of what may be called lightless photography were long ago described by Dr. but we do not acclaim them as evidences of spirit power because we are deceived by them . Myths and legend have grown up round spirit photographs till Spiritualists have at last come to believe in their genuineness. The phenomena.* . as his very cocksureness renders him an easier dupe.

The main point about spurious spirit photography is this . It claims that mechanical chemical relations are produced by spirit agencyyet though this chemical reaction is said to be produced with ease." Incidentally a common incandescent gas mantle possesses quite enough radioactive properties for ordinary experiments. 190 A MODERN. met many credulous folk who cherish blurred plates. it flinches from facing a simple test which would. Nothing tan shake their convictions-but credulity does nothing to prove fact. if proved to be true. obvious double exposures. . `°accidents. It is only by the destruction of fraudulent phenomena that the phenomena will be rightly understood and generally accepted . does far more harm to his own cause than the most pronounced sceptic . convert the bulk of the sceptical world to an acceptance of the truth of spirit photography . The Spir-. I have. itualist who accepts and bolsters up dubious phenomena . by certain individuals and circles." such as imperfectly cleaned plates and even the most blatant swindles .OCCULTIST taneous photography by Black-light.

The ordinary photographic plate represents .colourblindness . but has so far obtained nothing except plates bearing indications of a radiant energy similar to the N-rays of Becquerel. Many expert photographers interested in psychic matters agree that the true spirit photography does not exist and a canvass of both press and studio photographers who are experts in their profession reveals the same unhesitating expression of opinion. The same opinion is held not only by the professional and technical lay element. but the faculty for seeing the aura does not necessarily involve the possession of any psychic gifts at all and is often an indication of a slight degree of. years with spirit photography. and in order to get the SOME NEW FACTS AND THEORIES 191 .colours differently `to their relative values as seen by the human eye. but by occultists and students of research whose standard of psychic knowledge is infinitely higher than that of the Spiritualists . Gambier Bolton has Experimented.Mr. for . The aura which surrounds the human form is visible to certain people.

but a trial of one or two suitably shaped ones will always reveal one that works All right . and poisonous. .. This serves to eliminate the retinal impression of certain of the normal light rays and renders the observer's eyes sensitive to vibrations or rays not * Used in golour screen making for photography. If a narrow glass trough or an oblong clear crystal glass b ottle. A MODERN OCCULTIST 192 true effect certain dyes are mixed with the emulsion of the plates. Some glasses used in bottle making are not suitable. that is. The observer then takes the bottle of blue solution and gazes through it at the clear sky for a. or dyed screens which eliminate certain rays are interposed between the lens and the object . The subject whose aura is to be inspected should be placed against a. black or neutral background opposite a source of illumination. is filled with a dilute solution of the dye di-cyanin * which dissolves readily in absolute alcohol . preferably a north-facing window . but a simple chemical device will put him on a par with the best natural aura discerner . period of some minutes . The normal individual cannot see the aura. all the apparatus necessary.

noriually perceptible and stimulates an abnormal acuteness of vision . The room should now be entirely darkened, and as soon as the eyes have recovered their "owl sight" the body of the subject will be seen to be' surrounded by an envelope of vibratory exhalations whose colour varies with different individuals and changes under stress of emotion. Suggestion or_ hypnosis exercises very peculiar effects on this aura, which would seem to be, if not an ectoplasm a psychoplasm in itself, yet the invisible vehicle which is capable of being separated from the material body and forming the astral body. The aura vibration and the Becquerel or N-rays are closely connected, and the scientific hypothesis suggests that these rays are in the scale just above the infra-violet. The simple instrument indicated above has certain therapeutic values in the diagnosis of illness, but is also invaluable for the psychic analysis of hauntings, cases ' of unconscious mediumship, and other matters.

SOME NEW FACTS AND THEORIES 193

,CHAPTER XI
ORIENTAL OCCULTISM

Orient hides many, secrets of occultism, and it is almost a platitude that the few secrets that the West has painfully deciphered have been known for all time to the East-and are nothing remarkable. This is one of those large gestures of speech that contain a half-truth and pass for a whole truth. It is on a par with the statement that_ all Chinese business men are honest--which they are not. Oriental occultism is far too vast a subject to be accepted or dismissed as summarily as this, but one thing is certain and that is that Oriental occult systems are not suitable to the Western man . There are one or two cardinal points that may be grasped at one . Firstly, the exiled native in a Western country who claims occult powers and the gift of being able to teach and transmit them is always and invariably a fakir of the
THE 194

lowest kind. He is usually a low-caste and disreputable native or half-breed, and it may be accounted to his credit that after all he is not expected to know any better . His dupes, on the other hand, the white men and women that listen to his balderdash and sit at his seances, are even guiltier parties than he is . They at least ought to know better than to listen to the first black-and-tan "Swami" or "Guru" that establishes a bogus tabernacle in the backwaters of Balham or Bayswater. The second point is that the true Eastern occultist, whatever liis grade of adeptship in his mysteries, never practises any of his arts or knowledge for money or equivalent reward . This is a lesson which might well, be learned by the fraternity of mediums and so-called occultists that infest London and other great cities at home and abroad . A medium in receipt of fees for seances or lectures will never and can never develop his or her powers, beyond the stage at which they have arrived when it becomes possible to use them as a direct or indirect means of making money . In the East this is realized, and the vow of

ORIENTAL OCCULTISM

195

196

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poverty is more than a , metaphor, but they claim that it is a poverty of the body fully repaid by riches of the soul . Practically the whole of Hindu occultism is best described as peculiar methods of self-hypnosis with the object of provoking states of bliss and ecstasy . It is' upon the basis of the induction of these peculiar phenomena that ninety per cent. of the Brahmin religious cults are established . By one path or another the various beliefs attain earnest of fulfillnent, but the primary causes of these psychical phenomena are physiological in origin. This material path to spiritual success is admitted and glossed over as being but part of the mystery . None the less, there is little to show that anything beyond these self-produced states of hypnotism or suggested phenomena are ever attained by even the greatest of the adepts, and there is no justification of their dogmatic religious teachings even in the results attained . The Oriental, mind is more easily freed from the shackles of the body than is the Western organism . Just as the hold of the average native upon life is inferior to a European's, so

`The organized powers of occult India have loathed and hated British rule since pre-Mutiny days . It is' because of their greater racial familiarity and acquaintance with the occult that the myth of their spiritual supremacy has been born . The unheeding deem every Easterner a potential mage. when in contact with a far more powerfully organized Western will . black magicoften allied with native poisons-has killed a white man. which are in point of fact mental weaknesses. In the past it stood for an amazing tyranny$ and for this . The faculties of clairvoyance can be created by almost every dominant European in any young native. but on the whole the result has been a pitiful demonstration compared to what these magi should have been capable of . Occultism in India is built to serve but one end. In a very few rare cases.197 is the native's mastery of conscious will far less. and they are both physically and psychically an inferior race .ORIENTAL OCCULTISM. the domination of lesser castes by those who master its secrets and have aptitude to impose their powers on others . unknowing that he only develops his psychic gifts.

. Yoga conveys a certain popular meaning. subdivided again into endless sub. It is noteworthy that the English Society of Theosophists. variants . but it must be remembered that there are numberless Yogas. Little by little the faculties of surrender to ecstatic forms of self-hypnosis are induced. The initiate undergoes a prolonged course of mental and physical training designed to stimulate concentration of the will and subdue the body. A MODERN OCCULTIST 198 reason-its lost criminal powers-it is opposed to. . British rule. whose jig-saw religion is largely compounded of Oriental elements. These enjoy a difficult and complex nomenclature. The whole scheme of Oriental occultism is quite incomprehensible without a sound basic knowledge of the religious systems of which it is part and parcel . and their words have been borrowed indiscriminately without due respect to their precise meaning . which will reinforce the tyrannous power of the Brahmin . is now prominently identified with schemes for the political emancipation of India.

the end. *Occult Science in India and Among the Aneionte . From the days of Jacolliot * to those of recent Theosophical investigations-Oriental magic has never been brought to real test conditions. Pretas. The evil spirits of the West find their Oriental counterparts in Pisachas. In. being the end of the process. but in the records gathered by inde .the powers of a Yogi is beset with all kinds of dangers and difficulties . Shahinis. Louis . The full development of . and Rakshashas. are capable of production in full tropic daylight. all malignant and terrible manifestations of the demon world. Jacolliot. But-and it is a very important "but"-these phenomena :." either material or spiritual ecstasy. ORIENTAL OCCULTISM 199 Ananda or "bliss. certain types of Yogi appear to develop the full talents of a materializing medium and are capable of producing the phenomena that we associate with a medium of the power of Eusapia Palladino. according to the Yoga practised. Bhirtas. The physical strain is a severe one and the psychic dangers encountered considerable .

Where we may learn something from the East is not in the line of morals. Certain Indian Moslem sects produce devotees capable of equivalent phenomena. or religion. too. and followers of both theistic and pantheistic religions have equal powers." These phenomena. or Guru followers of any particular creed. for their morals are different from ours-and many of their religious customs revoltingly beastly :but A MODERN OCCULTIST . Brahmin. race. Mohaxnmedans. but variants of obscure Tibetan sects. Tantvik. 200 pendent students there is ample ground for stating that the genuine occult phenomena (as distinct from mere fakir's conjuring tricks) -occur independently of darkness or special light conditions . Malay. the Muslim. it is remarkable that these offer no obstacle to the Oriental "spirits . When we consider. and the Christian medium all share the same belief in "spirit" control and in certain states produce the same results . are not confined to orthodox Hindu. the fuss made by European mediums over even twilight conditions. Burmese. The idolater.

These affect the breathing so that in effect the body is subjected to a definite rhythmical vibration. but correspond in most cases with central nervous plexuses and they are as well known in Mohammedan and Zoroastrian mystic cults. as they are in the Indian Upanishads and Tantras. The basis of a great many Yogas is the liberation of psychoplasm and ectoplasm by a combination of concentration on certain internal centres and the repetition of spells or sonorous magical evocations. and are-familiar to the Indians of Yucatan and Guatemala. combined with a species of physical massage. ORIENTAL OCCULTISM 201 in the way of the physical induction of the psychic state. The school of Western occultists who hold the theory of the all-pervading astral or magic light . where ritual. is employed to initiate the hierophant into the tribal mysteries . These six centres are visualized mentally as lotuses .precisely located in scientific anatomy. applying mind-force to the stimulation and excitement of internal nerve centres . It is physical exercise of mind and brain. They cannot be.

202 or fire. that between the eyebrows . the next is midway between this and the third which is the navel centre or solar plexus. evoked. and is aroused. enabling' the operator to make contact with another plane . that at the base of the throat. ac I I A MODERN OCCULTIST . or act as concentrators of an exterior. In visualizing these lotuses with the mental eye. or stirulated in particular ways." the depth back in the body of each centre is assumed to be close to the spine . In the Oriental theory this force is deemed to be always latent in the body. the fifth. The discussion of the relative values of these two main schools of thought-static and dynamic light-or their variants is beyond the scope of these notes. The fourth is nominally the heart. Mind force is concentrated by the Yogi under the name Vogabala. The lowest of the lotuses or centres is the nerve centre within the body in the region of the prostatic gland. and in Oriental black magic this is concentrated on the lowest centre. all-prevailing force which is thus conducted to _the consciousness. hold that these I `centres" open. the sixth.

or base of the throat -centre for clairaudience . These . which relax the body and induce certain rhythms. the centre of energy is apparently by the third centre (the navel). In the so-called white or mediumistic magic. The physiology of the process is not yet understood. with the result of inducing sexual hallucinations . cording to the ritual of the infamous Prayoga. and the fifth. a progressive excitation and rigor of the centres is induced by autohypnosis.203 . Those who can reach the sixth claim the power of astral voyaging in the spirit world and perception of things on the mortal plane at a distance . and as each is "put to sleep" so the Yogi becomes rigid and cataleptic . Yogis are able to hold out their arms for hours at a stretch without apparent fatigue-so in the same way can a hypnotized subject be placed in an attitude of rigidity by an operator .progressive inhibitions of functions ORIENTAL : OCCULTISM . for materialization phenomena. The nerve centres control various limbs and functions. but following on the breathing processes or Pranayama.

A MODERN OCCULTIST 204 cannot be achieved by the Western occultist without the most careful study and painstaking preparations. but after all it only proves that the same result can be produced by analogous means . but when mastered either in part or in whole. some of the Tantrie spells or mantras are equally efficacious. There was infinite wisdom in the old law of magic which said "Change not the barbaric names of evocation. In fact. . * Lays of Ancient Rome . the sense does not appear to matter . Salt disappears when dissolved in water. but so it does in half a dozen other liquids ." but if they were changed. they can be evoked by systems entirely-at variance with the accepted Indian methods. provided rhythm and breathing are preserved. The practices are both mentally and physically dangerous. certain nonsense rhymes of the same rhythm and breathing values as . This argument is sometimes used by a sceptic. If one verse of Macaulay's "Horatius" * was a powerful spell-almost any other verse in the same poem would produce the same effect-if delivered in the same way. Macaulay .

much more would be done with it. They also affirm with considerable emphasis that on the next plane nationalities and colour lines are unknown. and the consensus of general ORIENTAL OCCULTISM 205 . a point which is reinforced by the number of excoloured spirits which frequent Western seances . which subdues love and hatred as equal enemies of spiritual progress . prolonged trance states. On the other hand. but as phallic worship is integral with many Eastern beliefs. This may be due to the selflessness inculcated in their religious teaching. and can sometimes act as powerful hypnotists and seize the Durga. of another's body . If their magic were efficient. It is indeed difficult to know what to believe . The Yogis can produce phenomena of materi alization. the net yield of all purely Indian occultism is very disappointing . literally citadel. The tales of life on other planes brought back by native spirits evoked by Oriental magicians in I no way tally with Western accounts. it is no matter for wonder that some Eastern spirit evidence concerning the next plane would make the most hardened Western libertine blush .

and probably identical with the ancient Britons who built Stonehenge .they are fanatical Moslemin. Today . such as the Sufi Senoussi and the Aissouri of Morocco . Certain of lesser known Yogas which do produce astonishing phenomena belong definitely to the domain of black magic and only parallel certain well-known outbreaks of phallic sorcery that occurred in Europe in the Middle Ages . They are racially strange folk and the Moslem veneer is only a day religion' imposed on a mass of pagan folklore closely con" . The cult of evocation is held by some students to have spread from India to the Arab races. but the old practices linger as rituals of specific religious cults. 206 A MODERN OCCULTIST opinion is that despite its extraordinary interest to the mystic and the scholar it has little to offer of interest to the Spiritualist . The Berbers are a distinct primitive race akin to the Basques. but more recent investigations suggest that the astonishing performances achieved by certain nominally Moslem sects in the fastnesses of Tripoli and Morocco are due to the survivals from the aborigines of those lands rather than to Oriental ideas .

Women are. The sacrificial and cere* See The Arabs of Tripoli. It is to them that the tribesmen turn for the carrying out of the mystic harvest ceremonies. Fire plays no inconsiderable part in their rituals. Their festivals. but. Some writers * trace their connection to the original Firbolgs of Iceland. chieftainesses among them. ORIENTAL OCCULTISM 207 keeted with serpent worship and astronomical observances . the inner hidden occult religion is a far older thing. and the lighting of the magic Beltane fires . and above all the women are the repositories of the lost lore of magic . Pre-eminent among their distinctive differences from the ordinary Arab is the esteem in which they hold women. the charming of unfruitful fields.of the solstices have an outward-seeming Muslim connection. The Berbers are not of Arab stock . c Alan Ostler. . and is only called by its Arabic name ei-aafeats (the comforter) when used for domestic purposes . and the ethnology of this mysterious race is still a matter of speculation and doubt . they are Semitic and they are probably pre-Aryan..

coupled with _a still more mystical inner creed symbolized by serpent worship. . a term whose philology is unknown. necromancy and unholy rites. This fire cult. the stealing of children for sacrificial purposes. Mashed Hojja Tuareks of the Sahara. and he who sifts the mass of terrible folklore about the earliest fairies in Britain will find a parallel between these terrible unholy barbarians given to sorcery. and other tribes alll belong to the same strange race. Berbers alone of savage folk raid and kill at night. and other glossed horrors attributed to the Good People-and the Berber races of to-day . but which apparently contains the age-old Bel or Baal motive . Riffis. certain Kabyles of Tripoli.that the Berbers are identical with the mystical Fairies -the Good People-sb 'called from a propitiatory irony because they were so amazingly bad . They are essentially a people of the dark. 208 A MODERN OCCULTIST monial fires are always spoken of either in the Shil-luh or Schluch tongue-the true Berber language or referred to as B'lnisac. and there are reasons for believing . may be noted by the student explorer among the Berber folk.

In 1909 I was travelling in the Gharb country of Morocco. The French occupation of the Shawiah and the meteoric rise of Sultan Mulai Hafid had left the country unsettled and dangerous . Beyond a war correspondent or two and a handful of German engineers-or spies. This was mostly stony hill ORIENTAL OCCULTISM 209 . employed by the firm of Marmesman-there were no Europeans in the country s outside of the coast towns . Some five days' ride northwest of the argan forests of the coast belt. for there are many debased Jews in Morocco. where there is a large Berber element . For the capital and Manahesh the big cities of the South were closed. I am but an indifferent Arabic scholar. The practices continue. but a certain knowledge of classical Hebrew served one well. I was well 'within' Berber territory. as the high-class Moors are a fair race and often blue-eyed. and a Christian's life was nowhere worth a moment's purchase among the fanatics. travelling in native clothes and well bronzed by the sun I suffered no molestation and could rely on the fidelity of my four body-servants . For the rest.

interspersed with lightly watered fertile valleys and occasional oases of poplar-sheltered walls. There. 210 A MODERN OCCULTIST lands. discloses unmistakable Phoenician characteristics. lies the ruin of a Roman city of which strange tales are told . but I at least cannot tell. for Morocco is simply rock deserts and hills. The village was a curious medley of thorn and cactus fences. deep in the hills. It was on the way there that my little troop of horsemen and pack mules halted at the Berber village of M'Aerbil Ida and were received as guests of honour for the night . The holy city of Tarudant lay to the north of me. for a volume of notes. It is even not certain . cane-thatched huts. painstakingly compiled for fifteen years by a resident in a coast town. and deep caves cut . that it is Roman. and I had crossed the Wadi Sifan river and was going south from the Iber Kaken Pass on the caravan route east into the Ait Jellal country. for my expedition had to beat a swift retreat a bare two days' march from the nominal valley of the dead city.

ORIENTAL OCCULTISM 211 in the friable freestone rock of -the mountain side. "they were. curving sidelock and thin. and I soon secured an answering sign from one of the head-men of the tribe . a brotherhood of initiates of which I am a member. warned me to keep my arms about me I realized that my Moors con sidered that not even the law of desert hospi tality was held inviolate among these folk . I did not worry much. pitched my tent that he did not like the village or the people . however. There is. my soldier muleteer. Something in their broad cheekbones and curious pale eyes suggests the snake." he said. The men wore the close-knitted wool caps of the country and had the curious snake-like head angles and the long. whose signs are recognized in many parts of the globe. told me as he. my horse boy. Mohammed-el-Suissi. but when Hassan-el-Askri. Gesticulation is a feature of polite Arabic conversation. . "not good Moslemin . elf-like folk." As religious orthodoxy was not one of Mohammed's strong points. Within half an_ . beards of coarse hair that just distinguish these strange.

too. Shilluh. as one . and none of my entourage being initiate I had no interpreter .of our animals was badly lamed and needed rest. and took occasion to ask him concerning the art of reviving the dead to temporary life which the Berbers are commonly held to possess. hour nobody in -that village would have dared to steal the least of my belongings. but gained an easier appreciation as I got'used to it . offered to give me a demonstra- 212 A MODERN OCCULTIST . a lineal descendant of the Prophet and a person of sane' tity. He made no objections to my questions. The Berbers. apart from ordinary needs of travel. I had considerable difficulty in carrying on my conversation as my Arabic. and. I found it easier to understand than to converse with him. to my delight. He soon dropped the mask of orthodoxy and conversed freely on the metaphysical side of his cult. I stayed a second day in the village. was weak and classical rather than popular. My host was Sidi-el-Belarni. always spoke of these things in their own tongue. an old chieftain who was also a shereef-=that is.

I made occasion to recite one or two resounding Hebrew charms and laid my hands on heif head . It was almost an unanimous election . after that. At noon I was taken to a kind of tribal palaver and the matter was put to a species of test or judgment by lot. but as 'I could not see the sticks. following a stony track that was little . A young girl was blindfolded and given a basket containing short and long sticks . smoke of the camel-dung fires hung like a sour fog about the camp . ORIENTAL OCCULTISM 213 tion if 'the ritual of the women: who held the secrets would consent to exhibit them. When dusk fell with all its African suddenness. Certain prayers and incantations were performed and she passed into a semi-trance state . My permission depended on her selection of a majority of short sticks. the rising moon hung like a blazing buckler in the sky . Her will obeyed mine and she selected the sticks as I desired. . and she was in a state of light hypnosis. We left the village and went about a quarter of a mile along the hillside to the local buryingplace. Dogs barked in answer to the distant hill jackals and the acrid. all was easy .

Each tomb was marked br a stone monolith or pillar. The graves radiated in circles from the central . and bushes encroached upon the outer graves . more than a dried watercourse . and . behind them came four men with long silver-decorated Remington rifles. with a :knob at the top in pursuance of the Muslim custom. the surface. It was a ghoul-like business and the whole air of the graveyard carried the tainted scent of the dreadful carrion they were unearthing . The burial ground was a scanty clearing among the scrub and dwarf oaks. the bent body of a man buried in sitting posture . At the head of our little procession were two men with flaming argan wood torches tied to long canes. We made our way to a recent grave.from behind the tombs brought forth skulls which they anointed with some strange grease 214 A MODERN OCCULTIST . disclosing. and then the little group of sorceresses followed by myself and the elders . the women were busy.stone. rough-hewn. which was rapidly opened by the men. In the meanwhile. whereon fluttered little bundles of 'rags and similar votive offerings . a bare two feet beneath .

. Fire was applied to the. and their leader rocked to and fro leading this strange chorus . but gradually it grew in strength until streamers of blue flame. faint blue light. Then she knelt down on the ground. flickering. dancing round the skull circle in time to the refrain. and set on sticks in a circle round the central altar. Suddenly a power seemed to come upon her and she became frenzied. some six ORIENTAL OCCULTISM 215 . They flared smokily. a quick. circle of skulls and they began to burn. but undulating her body in a strange. and the ceremonies began . -earth-stained wrappings. in its foul. and from somewhere about her person produced something which she rubbed on her hands . sending off a foul-scented sooty smoke . was exhumed and carried in a piece of sheeting to the altar. The women began to chant their monotonous wailing rhymes. The men who had served as guards and grave diggers then withdrew out of earshot. snake-like manner. At last the corpse. I noticed that the eyes and ear sockets were stuffed with old rags which served as wicks for the unclean oil . At first it resembled phosphorus.

as if awaking. Incredible as it may seem. yet--instinct with a new vitality. about a foot higher than the shroud. The emanation curved down like a blue-green waterfall of flame and seemed to enter the man . From the ground she picked up a short length of cane which in her grasp seemed to project this blue emanation:then with a final chorus of evocation. stained with corruption and bound with the jaw bandage. she leapt upon the altar and knelt astride of the dead man. From this certain objects were taken and placed in . lolling head. she ran her hands the length of his slack limbs and then poised both hands above the navel of the corpse. uneasily. the dead limbs slowly began to stretch out jerkily. The chorus now ceased chanting and a small fire was lighted on a cairn of stones . With quick passes. began to oscillate on the dreadful neck and the whole corpse began to phosphoresce with a dull green luminosity. seemed to project from her fingers while her whole person seemed outlined in a faint shape of flame. The ghastly.216 ' A MODERN OCCULTIST inches long.

the dead' man's hands . the dreadful drawn lips relaxed and in a minute or so the dead man sat up in his cerements-and spoke . It was evident from the awe and respect with which he was addressed that he was treated not as a reanimated individual. but as an august visitant from another world. Then making certain passes and signs with her hands. seeming to make the mystic passes as if to force the living breath down into the dead. Then followed the dread consultation_ of the dead. The fingers slowly curled up and grasped them 1 The singing began again and the sorceress. The eyelids flickered and retracted. she began to exhale deep breaths into the body. ORIENTAL OCCULTISM 217 . inserted the end in his mouth. The dreadful contours of death sunk back. took the cane she carried and. the form became more human and the motions not the strange jerky rigors of the first part of the ceremony. breaking the bandage that bound the dead man's jaw. still across the body. man's lungs . Little by little life seemed to creep back into that unholy shell . but the very signs of life.

A thin wailing chant seemed ` to symbolize the . but not through my. monstrous to see . The objects were taken from the hands of the dead and slowly the life left the body. I suspected ventriloquy for a while. Again the sorceress made passes.218 A MODERN OCCULTIST Thin. but could see the slow movements of its throat muscles and glottis and the rise and fall of the shroud over the sunken abdomen. fault.. I was only permitted to ask one question. I received an unequivocal answer that it would fail. which swelled and twitched as it returned to its original state of terrible decomposition . the usually coarse gnt turals of the Shilluh tongue seemed strange from Its lips . The ritual of re-dissolution was shorter but far more terrible. high and shrill. Incidentally this discounted the advice given by other spirit communicants before the ex)edition was undertaken. Nevertheless it was sheer horror to listen to and dreadful.-but later proved true. but because of the will of the spirits of the departed and the curse of the dead that hung over the city. and I asked would my quest be successful.

the life force of the sorceress herself entered the body. but the ceremony of creating it was essential in combination with the charms in the hands before the spirit could return . luminous matter . I could obtain no details of the objects placed in the man's hands or the material used to produce the astonishing outpouring of blue. So far as I could ascertain. Here there is an undoubted suggestion of the' ORIENTAL OCCULTISM 219 . Some powerful communities are able. it is said. But their power only lasts throughout' the night and fails at sunrise. Neither could I ascertain that it was the soul of the departed or some other spirit that entered into the reanimated corpse . Bight of the spirit back to its own realms . I pressed unsuccessful inquiry concerning the details of this astounding piece of necromancy which was neither more nor less than that terrible old mystery. to 'despatch these dreadful reanimated dead on missions of evil. the raising of the dead in the flesh.

A MODERN OCCULTIST .-exceedingly good. but I could not learn that these folk possess the lost art of imprisoning a human or spirit soul within the body of an animal. spirits of the unholy aborigines working in contact with the savages themselves. and it is good.220 practical possibility of vampirism. But no facts susceptible of proof have ever been adduced . This chapter completes all that I have to say for the time being. and above all I counsel those good folk who read the pleasant little fake stories of pretty little fairies in some of the magazines of what passes for popular occultism to abandon the delusion . Those who read it carefully will find in it keys to iiuch that has *This practice is claimed to be possible of achievement by both Finn and certain Red Indian wizards . There is in this book much food for careful thought.* I am nevertheless convinced that among the Berbers of North Africa will be found the key to many legends that have come down to us from our ancestors in Great Britain. The term good folk is a paradox . that there are no fairies loose in Britain to-day and that theart of summoning them is well-nigh lost . They were the demons or.

ORIENTAL OCCU1 TISM 221 . for . puzzled them. I commend a careful and reasonable study of the more -scientific sections.in this matter of things psychic both Spiritualist and Sceptic are upon the same quest . but to the critical and those seriously interested in psychic matters. and simple explanations of phenomena which have been greatly debated of late . The general reader will doubtless find the incidents the most interesting part of the book. From different angles they are both seeking for the -Great Truth .