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High Precision Technological Institute of Catanduanes Inc.

Anatomy & Physiology

Structural & Functional Organization Organism Organ System Organ Tissues Cell Any living thing considered as a whole Group of organs classified Composed of 2 or more tissue types Group of similar cells with the same functions Basic structural & functional units of life .

Organ Systems of the Body Integumentary System Muscular System Skeletal System Lymphatic System Respiratory System Digestive System .

Organ Systems of the Body System Endocrine System Cardiovascular System Urinary System Reproductive System Nervous .

Terminology & Body Plan Body Positions Anatomic Position Supine Positions Prone Positions .

Anatomic Position Refers to a person standing erect with the face directed forward and the upper limbs hanging to the side and the palms of the hand facing forward .

Supine Position  Lying in the back with the face upward Prone Position  Lying in the abdomen with the face downward .

Directional Terms SUPERIOR INFERIOR ANTERIOR POSTERIOR LATERAL MEDIAL DISTAL PROXIMAL UP/Above Down Front Back Away from midline Toward the midline distant nearest .

Body Parts & Regions  Extremities/Limbs Upper Limb Lower Limb  Central  Trunk Region Head Neck Trunk Thorax Abdomen Pelvis .

Four Quadrants of the Abdomen .

9 Regions of the abdomen .