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# ECE341: Introduction to Communication Systems

Lecture 10

Dr. Sudharman K. Jayaweera Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of New Mexico.

Dr. Sudharman K. Jayaweera

ECE341: Introduction to Communication Systems

Jayaweera ECE341: Introduction to Communication Systems .Transmitted Double Sideband (DSB) Modulated Spectrum X DSB( f ) M( f ) W 0 W f  fc W  fc  f c  W 0 fc  W LSB fc f c  W USB f |LSB amplitude| = |USB amplitude| even symmetry −|LSB phase| = |USB phase| odd symmetry Bandwidth can be saved (2W −→ W ) by only sending one of the sidebands Price? −→ Complexity Dr. Sudharman K.

Sudharman K.SSB Spectra Dr. Jayaweera ECE341: Introduction to Communication Systems .

Jayaweera ECE341: Introduction to Communication Systems .Generation of an LSB-SSB Signal (Sideband Filtering) Dr. Sudharman K.

Jayaweera ECE341: Introduction to Communication Systems .Generation of an LSB-SSB Signal: Sideband Filtering Dr. Sudharman K.

Sideband Filtering: Transfer Function of the Filter 1 2 HL (f ) = [sgn(f + fc ) − sgn(f − fc )] Dr. Jayaweera ECE341: Introduction to Communication Systems . Sudharman K.

Sudharman K.Generation of an LSB-SSB Signal by Sideband Filtering HL (f ) XDSB (f ) = 1 2 [sgn(f + fc ) − sgn(f − fc )] Ac 2 = F {Ac m(t ) cos(2πfc t )} = Ac 4 [M (f + fc ) + M (f − fc )] ∴ Xc (f ) = XDSB (f )HL (f ) = [M (f + fc )sgn(f + fc ) + M (f − fc )sgn(f + fc )] 4 − = 4 Ac [M (f + fc )sgn(f − fc ) + M (f − fc )sgn(f − fc )] Ac [M (f − fc ) − M (f + fc )(−1)] 2nd and 3rd terms 4 + Ac [M (f + fc )sgn(f + fc ) − M (f − fc )sgn(f − fc )] Dr. Jayaweera ECE341: Introduction to Communication Systems .

Jayaweera ECE341: Introduction to Communication Systems .. recall that ˆ F {m(t )} = −j sgn(f )M (f ) ˆ ∴ F {m(t )e±j2πfc t } = −jM (f ∴ F −1 = − = 2 Ac 4j Ac 4 fc )sgn(f fc ) [M (f + fc )sgn(f + fc ) − M (f − fc )sgn(f − fc )] ˆ ˆ m(t )e−j2πfc t − m(t )ej2πfc t Ac ˆ m(t ) sin(2πfc t ) Dr.Generation of an LSB-SSB Signal (Sideband Filtering) (ctd.) ∴ Xc (f ) = Ac 4 [M (f + fc ) + M (f − fc )] F { A2c m(t ) cos(2πfc t )} + Ac 4 [M (f + fc )sgn(f + fc ) − M (f − fc )sgn(f − fc )] (1) For the second term. Sudharman K.

Sudharman K.Generation of SSB Signals by Sideband Filtering From (1) and (2): xc (t ) = xSSB:LSB (t ) = Ac 2 ˆ [m(t ) cos(2πfc t ) + m(t ) sin(2πfc t )] Similarly. xSSB :USB (t ) = Ac 2 ˆ [m(t ) cos(2πfc t ) − m(t ) sin(2πfc t )] Dr. Jayaweera ECE341: Introduction to Communication Systems .

Dr. Sudharman K. Jayaweera ECE341: Introduction to Communication Systems .Generation of SSB Signals by Sideband Filtering Xc (f ) where HL (f ) = XDSB (f )HL (f ) = 1 2 [sgn(f + fc ) − sgn(f − fc )] The problem though that this method requires having very sharp/ideal ﬁlters for HL (f ) which is difﬁcult to achieve especially when m(t ) has signiﬁcant low-frequency information.

Jayaweera ECE341: Introduction to Communication Systems . The use of a phase-shift modulator to generate an SSB signal alleviates the need to have ideal ﬁlters (i. Dr.e. Sudharman K. HL (f )).Generation of SSB Modulated Signals by Sideband Filtering: Phase-shift Modulator an alternative implementation of SSB signals can be achieved by using a phase-shift modulator as below.

Sudharman K. Jayaweera .Aside: Trigonometric Identities cos(A + B ) cos(A − B ) Hence cos A cos B = cos A cos B − sin A sin B = cos A cos B + sin A sin B 1 2 = [cos(A + B ) + cos(A − B )] (2) sin(A + B ) sin(A − B ) Hence sin A cos B = sin A cos B + cos A sin B = sin A cos B − cos A sin B 1 2 = [sin(A + B ) + sin(A − B )] ECE341: Introduction to Communication Systems (3) Dr.

Jayaweera ECE341: Introduction to Communication Systems . Sudharman K.Demodulation of SSB Signals x r ( t )  x c t  X d (t ) LPF y (t ) D 4 cos 2f c t   t  Phase error Dr.

Demodulation of SSB Signals d (t ) = = ˆ [m(t ) cos(2πfc t ) + m(t ) sin(2πfc t )] 4 cos(2πfc t + θ(t )) 2 m(t )2Ac [cos(2πfc t ) cos(2πfc t + θ(t ))] ˆ +2m(t )Ac [sin(2πfc t ) cos(2πfc t + θ(t ))]   Ac = m(t )Ac cos(4πfc t + θ(t )) + cos(θ(t )) =0  =0  ˆ +m(t )Ac sin(4πfc t + θ(t )) − sin(θ(t )) If Ac = 1 (after LPF): yd (t ) ˆ = m(t ) cos(θ(t )) − m(t ) sin(θ(t )) If θ(t ) = 0 =⇒ distortion due to crosstalk. Dr. Sudharman K. Jayaweera ECE341: Introduction to Communication Systems .

Jayaweera ECE341: Introduction to Communication Systems . Sudharman K.Next Time Angle Modulation (Reference: Section 3.2) Dr.