Fashion History

1900¶s ± 1950¶s

1900·s ² S-Curve
The silhouette softened into the S-shaped curve with softer shoulders, less restrictive corsets, and the bustle, never returned. The three-piece suit for gentlemen was introduced. The suit was relatively non constricting with a sack coat, simple vest, and pleated trousers. In 1906 the permanent wave was developed.

1900·s

1903

Amelia Bloomer designed a practical outfit for the avid cyclist consisting of a tunic dress worn over loose trousers gathered at the ankle. Later this was revised into a split skirt with gathers under the knee. was the craze of the country. The new two-wheeled cycle. electric light. such as the telephone. that gave people more luxury and freedom. Bloomers & Bicycles Life began to move at a faster pace with many new inventions. and the automobile. 1896 Bicycle Dress .1900·s. called Bloomers.

1900·s ² The Bathing Suit The one piece bathing suit was introduced by Annette Kellerman which shocked the world. .

Movies that represent 1900-1910 Meet me in St. Louis Anne of Green Gables .

.1910·s Men and women wore Dustcoats to protect their clothing when driving or riding in cars.

1918 .Events that effected the time: World War I 1914 .

During and at the end of WWI. The barrel silhouette or tonneau look comes in. . It is a baggy dress/jacket combination that made women look large and droopy in the chest.World War I & Fashion World War I saw fashion come to a standstill with patriotism at an all-time high.

Women·s Movement The women¶s movement demanded the right to vote. and wear skirts above the ankle. cut their hair short for the first time in a Bobbed style. . wear make-up.

The Pope spoke out in defense of the women. bringing a response of outrage from the public. .1910·s ² The Hobble Skirt French designer Paul Poiret broke the new rule of freedom by designing the Hobble Skirt. so Poiret split the skirt to the knee. The hemline was so narrow that women could only take very tiny steps.

Movies that represent 1910·s Anne of Avonlea* Titanic* Somewhere In Time .

1920·s ² Tubular Life began to move ahead and fast. . Safe make-up. The brassiere was introduced. not uplift or enhance it. costume jewelry. but it was used to flatten the figure. and suntans were in great demand. The fashion silhouette at this time was straight up and down or Tubular.

and her knees were rouged. Thinking Woman The Flapper wore a headband around her forehead. Her dress was emancipated but not extreme.Flapper vs. . Silk stockings were the rage. The ³Thinking Woman´ was college educated and considered herself to be the opposite of the flapper. usually with a feather in front. they were rolled down just above the knee. her skirt was the shortest in history. Her face was powdered.

ascot at the neck. plusfours/oxford bags. club stripe tie.Influence of England The Prince was the ultimate trend setter of the 1920¶s He often wore Oxford bags. Shown here in a suit and overcoat. extremely wide trousers. Cardigan sweater. argyle socks. Edward 8th Prince of Wales the major social mediator of fashion. . often reaching 25 inches at the knee and cuffed at the bottom. wingtip shoes.

not addition. silky. with soft. flowing.1920·s . ³I will strive for omission.´ This he did with dresses which hung from the shoulders to the wiast. ³Each frill discarded makes one look younger. She said. sheer fabrics.´ . Coco Chanel made a hit in fashion using black and navy in simple frill-free designs.Designers Paul Poiret vowed.

.Events that effected the Time: Good times ended with the crash of the stock market. which led to the Great Depression. Crash in 1929.

Movies that represent 1920·s The Great Gatsby* Singing in the Rain* Thoroughly Modern Millie .

Depression babies had layettes sewn from sugar sacks while school children often wore underwear embellished with the trademarks of Pillsbury flour. clothing that would last a long time and stay in style.1930·s ² Depression Era The Depression brought about the classic styles in suits and dresses. Flap sacks held the powder compact for women¶s makeup. . Separate skirts and blouses were a highlight. were the fashion in millinery wear. The shirtwaist dress was one such classic. combination. Hand-me-downs became fashionable not only for thrifty families. but for everyone. with a white blouse being a must in any wardrobe.

By the end of the 1930¶s fashion seemed to stand still in the shadow of impending war.1930·s Hemlines Hemlines in the 1930¶s went down and down again. .

.1930·s on the Bias Bias cut gowns were popular for evening wear.

Jean Harlow .1930·s and Movie Stars! Attention to actresses offstage clothing probably reached its fever pitch with the ensembles created for Gloria Swanson. Ginger Rodgers in a Cowl Neck.

flared at hem. . worn for extreme casual wear only. Also called beach pajamas.1930·s Sportswear Pants for women.

Movies that represent the 30·s Annie* Wild Hearts Can¶t Be Broken* .

For men several things were removed: cuffs. L85 was a law which restricted the manufacture of clothing. cloth belts. 2 pant suits. patch pockets. Only one pocket per blouse or shirt was allowed. Ruffles were forbidden. and pleats. .1940·s World War II (1939-1945) effects fashion directly in this time period. Hems could be no deeper than 2 inches and the widest part of the hem of a dress could not exceed 72 inches. vests. Hemlines rose and leveled off just below the knee.

1. Women in this picture are shown painting their legs to appear to have nylons on. Bread was not rationed until post war in 1946. which were not required under pants.War Restrictions Not only fashion was restricted but food was rationed. were expensive and usually not available. Stockings. .Food Rations for 1 Week for 1 Person 4oz bacon or ham 8oz sugar 2oz tea 2oz jam spread 1oz cheese 1 shilling's worth of meat 8oz fats of which only 2oz could be butter Later sweets and tinned goods could be had on a points system.

The Montgomery beret was the inspiration for hats. Elastic could not be used so a close fitting hat was the sensible choice. The ³bomber jacket´ was based on the Air Corps flying coat made of leather with knit wrist cuffs to keep out the wind.1940·s With the fashion industry closed down by the war in Europe. The designers turned to the military for inspiration. . The shoulders were roomy and cofortable. was left to its own designers for fashion direction. This woman was married in a suit quickly for her husband to be shipped out.S. the U. It was usually lined with alpaca fur. The Eisenhower jacket made fashion history as it was adopted for civilian use.

broad shoulders & Thin hips Women began to wear pants as he practical dress for work in industry. wide and padded. The shoulder was square. Suit dresses were very popular and saddle stitching ws a favorite trim. Men wore colors reflecting the time: khaki and other muted colors. .40·s Inverted Triangle. It was not too long before pants were popular outside the workplace as a comfortable casual fashion. The fashion at this time was very manly and the fabric was sensible tweed.

women now had their eyes open to the opportunities available to them.Influence on Women The women were thrown into the workplace and then told to leave once the men returned. . However.

a French designer.´ The war was over. soft shoulder replaced the squared. Yards and yards of fabric were used as well as petticoats with crinoline and flounces of lace. the men had returned home. This look was stylish. more feminine look and curve. The shoulder pad was dropped with a thud and the sloping. elegant. The New Look . and The New Look gave women a softer. the waistline was high and cinched in again. The hemlines fell to just above he ankle and skirts were incredibly full. manly look.In 1947. The bustline was accented. and reflected the opposite of wartime restrictions. Christian Dior launched what he called ³The New Look.

Moments that changed Time: World War II 1939 .1945 .

Q.Movies that represent the 40·s A League of Their Own* Memphis Belle* I.* .

A Briefe History of the Codpiece . http://www. http://www.org/pages/fashiondress/18thCent.encyclo.tripod.costumes.htm#The%20Flapper State University College Dept. http://www.fashion-era.geocities. http://www.26&type=2&page=0 1966 Stark Raving Mod!.com/user/steveh/cods.html.onr.org/pages/timelinepages/timeline. Of Human Ecology.com/~tempus/cotelande/index.com/FashionAvenue/5362/The Sixties by Arthur Markham Timeline of costume historyhttp://www.htm . Fashion 224 History Of Costume 1910's.fr/cgi-bin/doc?id=ni_1459.voila.pipcom.html.htm The History of Fashion and Dress.com/flapper_fashion_1920's.Bibliography Cotehardie & HouppelandeHomepage.com/fash224/1910. http://members.htm http://www. 2 Dec 2003.http://www. article(s) > le costume.costumes.

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The Korean Cinderella. 1990. adapted by Elizabeth Winthrop.S.) Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters: An African Tale. as remembered by Wilai Punpattanakul-Crouch retold by Cheryl Hamada. Toronto: Lilmur. HarperCollins. 1994. told by Dang Manh Kha to Ann Nolan Clark. illustrated by Margaret Chamberlain. Chidren's Press. 1994. (Zimbabwe) Nomi and the Magic Fish: a Story from Africa. Seoul International Tourist Pub. illustrated by Hugh Stevenson. 1993 The Rough-Face Girl. Atheneum. 1994. (Southern U. by Robert San Souci. Holiday House. Vasilissa the Beautiful: A Russian Folktale. Clarkson N. Korean Cinderella. Putnam. illustrated by Patience Brewster. Macmillan. retold by Barbara Ker Wilson. In the Land of Small Dragon: A Vietnamese Folktale. illustrated by Diane Goode. Potter. Silver Woven in My Hair. (Zulu) Prince Cinders. Co. by Rafe Martin. Macmillan. Dial Book for Young Readers. illustrated by Neela Chhaniara. Tattercoats. by Shirley Climo. illustrated by Jerry Pinkney. by Joyce Carol Thomas. Doubleday Book for Young Readers. Viking Press. 1983. illustrated by Carole Byard. edited by Joseph Jacobs. illustrated by Alexander Koskkin. by William D. Princess Furball.. Alan Schroeder. Brown. 1976. 1977. retold by Penny Pollock. 1990. 1993. illustrated by David Shannon. illustrated by Nonny Hogrogian. illustrated by Donald Carrick. story edited by Edward B. illustrated by Margot Tomes. The Talking Eggs: a Folktale from the American South. Tattercoats. Kao and the Golden Fish: a Folktale from Thailand. Bradbury Press. 1994. The Glass Slipper. by Flora Annie Steel. Lee & Shepard. Adams. illustrated by Tony Chen. by Steven Kroll. 1985. illustrated by Yoriko Ito. HarperCollins. illustrated by Anita Lobel. illustrations by Dong Ho Choi. Moss Gown. translated from the Russian by Thomas Whitney. by Darrell Lum. (Novel-length) Wishbones: A Folktale from China. 1989. Hooks. illustrated by Daniel San Souci. When the Nightingale Sings.. retold by Jenny Nimmo. by Shirley Rousseau Murphy. Troll. 1992. The Starlight Cloak. Lily and the Wooden Bowl. (Japan) Little Firefly: an Algonquin Legend. Doubleday. . 1993. San Souci. 1995. 1987. adapted and illustrated by Rita Grauer. 1979. Clarion Books. by Phumla. Lothrop. Doubleday. by Bernice Myers. 1989. illustrated by Meilo So. Rourke Corp. 1993. illustrated by Monica Liu. Putnam. Dial Books for Young Readers. written and adapted by Terri Cohlene. Bradbury. by Charlotte Huck. by Eleanor and Herbert Farjeon. 1972. pictures by Justin Todd. (A novel-length version) The Golden Slipper: a Vietnamese Legend. Tam Cam: The Vietnamese Cinderella Story by The Goi. Wingate. Philomel Books. by John Steptoe. 1987. illustrated by Charles Reasoner. illustrated by Makiko Nagano. retold by Margaret Greaves. Vasalisa and her Magic Doll. The Turkey Girl: a Zuni Cinderella. 1991. 1985. Little. (Algonquin Indian) Sidney Rella and the Glass Sneaker. (Russia) Vasilisa the Beautiful. 1946. 1993. by Babette Cole. 1989. retold by Robert D. 1970. Tattercoats: an Old English Tale.The Enchanted Anklet: A Cinderella Story from India translated and adapted by Lila Mehta. (Novel-length) Sootface: an Ojibwa Cinderella Story. Queen of the May. 1992. Scholastic. illustrated by Ed Young. 1987.

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