You are on page 1of 3

Comparison of the Digestive System of Cows, Rabbits and Humans

While the Digestive Systems of all mammals remain largely the same, there are a few key differences, especially between Cows, Rabbits and Humans.

Cows

The cow's digestive tract consists of the mouth, esophagus, a complex four-compartment stomach, small intestine and large intestine. The stomach includes the rumen or paunch, reticulum or "honeycomb," the omasum or "manyplies," and the abomasum or "true stomach."

Digestion starts in the mouth, where tough grass and other plants are ground up by powerful molar teeth

After that. Esophagus. Heavy or dense food and metal objects eaten by the cow drop into this compartment. but instead stores the food and sterilizes it before it is sent to the Large Intestine. It also deals with the volatile Fatty Acids created during digestion. it travels to the fourth and final stomach. Unlike other animals. Protein and Starches are absorbed. is still quite similar to the Human Digestive system. Finally. which. While in the Large Intestine. the Stomach does not start digesting the food. where it is stripped of nutrients not digested in the stomachs. while much more complex with the addition of 3 stomachs. It is worth noting that inbetween the Small and Large Intestine. It also uses Enzymes to break down food into their base materials like Fatty Acids. a single Stomach. After travelling through the Reticulum. there is the Cecum. where it passes through the same organs in more or less the same order. After that. after the food is chewed and sent down the Esophagus. 90% of the foods Sugar. where the food is broken down by Hydrochloric Acid and other Digestive Enzymes. it travels to the Reticulum. After travelling through the 4 stomachs. and . First. which is the more like a Humans stomach. the Caecum. other than breaking down fiber. a large container like stomach with ferments the food. The Digestive system of the Cow. the Large Intestine. the Rectum and the Anus. the Abomasum. Rabbit The Rabbits Digestive Track consists of the Mouth. the Small Intestine. it enters the Large Intestine where it is stripped of all remaining moisture before being extracted through the anus.The newly created bolus is transported down the esophagus with help of saliva. what is not digested enters the Small Intestine. it travels to the Omasum which absorbs water and other substances from digestive contents. has no other known purpose. it passes through the Rumen.

It is filled with enzymes and bacteria that breakdown food. The cecum is a complicated organ that redigests the food. which is larger than the Rabbits stomach. The rabbit redigests the cecotrophes to receive even more nutrients from them. The Digestive system of a Rabbit is much different from the digestive system of a Human. only storing and sterilizing the food instead of digesting them. The remaining food for digestion is then sent to the Caecum. .the Fiber moves on and is sorted. The hard waste that bypasses the Caecum is moved through the colon in a circular motion and forms perfectly round hard balls of feces. then passed through the anus and the rabbit eats the cecotrophes directly. Every 3 to 8 hours the cecum contracts and forces the material back into the colon where it is coated with mucus. mostly because of the involvement of the Caecum and how the Stomach plays a much less vital role in the whole process.