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Two real life examples of Ritual: Example 1.

Wedding Ceremony in Indian culture Gold: An Indian wedding tradition dating back thousands of years is more than a simple cultural practice - it has become one of the biggest drivers of global gold demand.India accounts for about 32% of the global gold market with half of the gold Indians buy spent on jewelry for the 10 million weddings held there each year. As a result, gold prices typically rise ahead of wedding season as families prepare. Indians place an enormous value on gold. They consider no possession more valuable and enjoy flaunting their collections - especially at weddings. The bride's family makes sure she is adorned in thousands of dollars' worth of gold jewels, which will serve as her financial security once she joins her husband. Indian brides start receiving gold as presents when they are young girls, in preparation for their wedding day. "The gold will show off the prosperity and the stand of the family in the society," Indian wedding planner Divya Chauhan told Pitts on "60 Minutes." "It's not vanity. It's just something so culturally ingrained in us that you can't have reasoning around it." How much gold a woman brings to a marriage gives her financial control and power in her new life. The gold she wears is a symbol that she deserves to be taken seriously; that she has her own assets aside from her husband's. Families and friends also offer the new couples gold bars and coins as presents. Economists predict that higher per capita income will cause the average amount of gold used in weddings to double over the next five years. FLOWERS : Flowers have always been used for at weddings .Some people choose the flowers at the wedding on the basis of their symbolic meaning decoration.Wedding is the union of two souls and individuals and it is almost impossible to imagine an Indian wedding without flowers. Every

Thus flower cultivators and distributors are making great profits and thus there is a growing market for flower. the trend of wearing Mangalsutra is changing. and the Mangalsutra is wore by the woman until the death of his husband. It can also be a golden chain with black beads into it. It is similar to the wedding ring is western cultures.e. The whole wedding house and venue is decked up using different color flowers. i. Instead of long golden sting women prefer to wear shorter ones. the husband and wife. Caterer and Utensils: Demand for caterers and utensils are very high during marriage season. The pendants are also changing from golden to Diamond. This tradition is running through all the generation of Hindus in India. right from the decoration to the µvarmala¶ to the religious ceremonies. It is basically a yellow colored thread in which black and golden beads are weaved together.color of a flower translate a specific emotion so it becomes very important to choose the flowers carefully specially when they have to be used in a wedding. Now-a-days.Farmers are pumping more money in cultivation of flower. The form of the holy Sting is also changing. MANGALSUTRA: The Mangalsutra is a symbol of a married woman in India. But the significance of Mangalsutra in the Indian Marriages remains the same. It can also be considered as the husband¶s promise to his wife to live together. During a wedding. Whatever may be the meaning. But for the wedding planner or organizer it becomes difficult to manage the arrangement of flowers. flowers have an important role to play. but the significance of Mangalsutra is the most vital part of an Indian wedding. . It is also the symbol of union of two different people.

Graduation Ceremony A graduation ceremony is a cultural tradition termed as a rite of passage. It is a ritual or ceremony that marks one stage of a person's life to another.Example 2. and brown for fine arts. It is especially a time to formally recognize the achievements of students who are in honor societies and who have earned academic excellence. gold for science. "Rite of passage" was termed by anthropologist Arnold van Gennep in 1909 who believed that passage rituals had 3 steps: (1) Separation from Society (2) Inculcation-transformation. In some cases. in some cases they are given symbolic hoods. The combination of the institutional and departmental colors represents a scholar's academic achievement. but can be done by the dean or principal of the school. the sermon doesn't have to be done by a religious person.-white for arts and letters. . a time limit is set on the length of the speech. The commencement is when the graduates are handed their diplomas and walk across the stage and flip the tassels on their hats upon receiving their degrees and handshake. Hoods But when it comes to the baccalaureate. an invited guest often famous or well-respected or by the school valedictorian. Graduation Ceremonies The baccalaureate ceremony is considered the highlight of the school year. In our modern times. depending on the size of the graduation class. (3) Return to Society in the new status. The velvet color on the outer edge of the hood denotes the graduate's degree .

by both men and women. The first class rings were crude and were only a shank with a symbol (usually of the class pin which preceded the class ring by a few years) attached to the bezel of the ring. Academy. Diplomas were made from paper-thin sheepskin. but given out in leather binders. standard dress for scholars was clerical garb. And that flat shoes are worn. hand-written. class rings remain a popular tradition for high school and colleges. They quickly became popular and soon stones were added and more intricate dies allowing for greater details got developed Today. Cap & Gown For over 40 yrs. They changed to parchment. It wasn't until the turn of this century that diplomas stopped being rolled-up. when the paper making techniques improved. which was more practical. Academic dress for graduations started in the 12th and 13th centuries when universities first began forming. Whether a student or a teacher. the graduation gown color was gray. rolled and tied with a ribbon until 100 years ago. Diploma Original diplomas were made of sheepskin. In the early 1900's class rings came into fashion. Class rings are seen as a combination of showing school pride while being an outward symbol of the diploma (but much easier to display).S.The shape and size of the hood and the sleeve design of the gown show the degree a student pursued. . Class Ring The first class ring was developed in 1835 for West Point U. A lot of documents were done on animal skins because paper-making was difficult.