LMECE100: INTRODUCTION TO PRACTICAL ELECTRONICS

LABORATORY MANUAL ECE 100
INTRODUCTION TO PRACTICAL ELECTRONICS

LMECE100: INTRODUCTION TO PRACTICAL ELECTRONICS Table of contents Title 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Working principle of the Water level indicator circuit Working principle of the Touch operated switch Working principle of the NOT gate using transistor Working principle of the IR switch Working principle of the Rain alarm Working principle of the Light operated switch Working principle of the Soft switch for electrical appliances Working principle of the UM-66 base melody generator Working principle of the Thermister based heat indicator Working principle of the Direction control for DC motor Page no. . 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 TEXT BOOKS: EFY project books vol 1-5.

Apparatus required: S.5% Learning Objective: Application of transistor as an amplifier. • Empty the water container initially. Title: Realization of water level indicator on bread board. No 1 2 3 4 5 Apparatus Transistor LED Resistor Buzzer Battery Specifications BC548 220 Ohm 9v Qty.LMECE100: INTRODUCTION TO PRACTICAL ELECTRONICS 1. Circuit Diagram: Procedure: • Connect the circuit as per circuit diagram. . 4 3 6 1 Tolerance NA NA +/.

Do not give direct supply to LEDs. Title: Realization of Touch operated switch on bread board Apparatus required: S. Do not short circuit +ve and –ve terminals of battery at any point in circuit. LMECE100: INTRODUCTION TO PRACTICAL ELECTRONICS Scope of result to be reported: Observe the sequential glowing of LEDs as the water level increases.5% Learning Objective : Application of IC 555. Cautions: Connect circuit very carefully with all connections tight and clear. also the ringing of Buzzer at overflow. 2.• Start increasing the water level slowly. Circuit Diagram: . 1 1 1 1 1 Tolerance +/.100k.10M NE555 10uF Qty. No 1 2 3 4 5 Apparatus Resistor IC 555 Buzzer Capacitor LED Specifications 1K.

No 1 2 Apparatus Transistor Resistor Specifications BC548 Qty. Title: Realization of NOT gate using transistor. • Touch the plates with finger. Apparatus required: S. Cautions: Connect circuit very carefully with all connections tight and clear. 3. Do not give direct supply to LEDs. Give proper supply to IC 555. 1 Tolerance Objective: Application of Transistor as switch.Procedure: • Connect the circuit as per circuit diagram. LMECE100: INTRODUCTION TO PRACTICAL ELECTRONICS Scope of result to be reported: Observe the glow of LED as we touch the plates and the ringing of Buzzer. • The LED will glow. Circuit Diagram: . Do not short circuit +ve and –ve terminals of supply at any point in circuit.

22K. & multimeter. 10K. Do not short circuit +ve and –ve terminals of supply at any point in circuit. Objective: Use of IR. variable 20K). Multiple Power Supply. 100K.1 F. SOTP IR Rx). Battery (5 V). IR LED and LED.transmitter and receiver. Cautions: Connect circuit very carefully with all connections tight and clear. Scope of result to be reported: Observe the voltage at Base and Collector with Multimeter. Equipment Required: Wires. Title: Realization of the IR switch. 4. Circuit Diagram: Figure 1 . 4. Material Required: ICs (555.7 F). Resistors (1K.Procedure: • Connect the circuit as per circuit diagram. Capacitor (0. 330K.

Do not short circuit +ve and –ve terminals of supply at any point in circuit.1uF 10K 500k Qty.01uF(2). 5.Procedure: Connect the circuit as per circuit diagram LED 1 should glow. LED 1 glows when there is no interruption and it turns off when there is any interruption. Circuit Diagram: . Scope of result to be reported: Observe the difference on LED 1 while interrupting the path. 1 1 3 1 1 Tolerance Objective: Application of IC 555. Title: Realization of the Rain Alarm circuit. No 1 2 3 4 5 Apparatus IC timer Water sensor Capacitor Resistor Var resistor Specifications NE 555 0. Apparatus required: S. Interrupt IR light to reach IR Rx. Cautions: Connect circuit very carefully with all connections tight and clear.

6. 1 1 1 1 1 1 Tolerance 60 W Objective: Application of LDR. Do not short circuit +ve and –ve terminals of supply at any point in circuit. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 Apparatus Transistor Var Resistor Relay LDR Bulb Bulb holder Specifications BC548 100K Qty. Title: Realization of the Light Operated switch on bread board. Cautions: Connect circuit very carefully with all connections tight and clear.Procedure: • Connect the circuit as per circuit diagram. Apparatus required: S. • The speaker will produce sound. • Wet the water sensor. . LMECE100: INTRODUCTION TO PRACTICAL ELECTRONICS Scope of result to be reported: Observe the sound of speaker as we wet water sensor. Give proper supply to IC 555.

7. Bulb(60 W) & resistor(47K & 8. IC-CD4027. . Cautions: Connect circuit very carefully with all connections tight and clear. Capacitor(0. Title: Realization of Soft switch for Electrical appliances. Equipment Required: Wires. Material Required: Bulb holder. Be very careful of AC supply. do not touch bare wires. Relay. LDR. Transistor(SL100).2-ON/OFF switch.2K ). Do not short circuit +ve and –ve terminals of supply at any point in circuit. Multiple Power Supply & multimeter. Learning Objective: Application of IC-CD4027.47uF). Scope of result to be reported: Observe the Bulb which turns on when light falls on LDR as Relay switches on the supply to bulb.Circuit Diagram: Procedure: • Connect the circuit as per circuit diagram.

Press the ON/OFF button and turn on the electrical device. Circuit Diagram: Scope of result to be reported: Observe the electrical appliance which turns on when we press soft ON/OFF switch as Relay switches on the supply to appliance.Procedure: Connect the circuit as per circuit diagram. Cautions: Connect circuit very carefully with all connections tight and clear. Do not short circuit +ve and –ve terminals of supply at any point in circuit. .

1uF 4.5 v HE8050S Qty. .7K 4. 1 1 1 1 1 1 Tolerance Objective: Application of IC-UM66. Apparatus required: S. Title: Realization of the UM-66 base melody generator on bread board. Scope of result to be reported: Observe the melodious sound from speaker when we switch on the supply.8. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 Apparatus IC Resistor Capacitor Battery Speaker Transistor Specifications UM 66 0. Circuit Diagram: Procedure: • Connect the circuit as per circuit diagram.

Cautions: Connect circuit very carefully with all connections tight and clear. Switch on Drier and see the LED glowing. . Circuit Diagram Scope of result to be reported: Observe the melodious sound from speaker when we switch on the supply. Title: Realization of Thermister based heat indicator.. Do not short circuit +ve and –ve terminals of supply at any point in circuit. LED Darlington Transistor (BC-618). Equipment Required: Wires. Hair Drier. preset resistor. Multiple Power Supply & multimeter. Material Required: Thermister (DC95Y103W ). Learning Objective: Application of Thermister.9. Procedure: Connect the circuit as per circuit diagram.

5% Objective: Application of TRANSISTOR as switch.2K IN4007 Bc 548 12v Qty. Scope of result to be reported: Observe the direction of rotation of motor as we turn on the switches S1 and S2 alternately. . No 1 2 3 4 Apparatus Resistor Diodes Transistor DC motor Specifications 10K. Circuit Diagram: Procedure: • Connect the circuit as per circuit diagram.2. Apparatus required: S. Title: Realization of the Direction control for DC motor circuit. 2 each 5 4 Tolerance +/.10.

Cautions: Connect circuit very carefully with all connections tight and clear. Do not short circuit +ve and –ve terminals of supply at any point in circuit. .

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