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G.B. PANT UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY, PANTNAGAR
Published by Dr. S.P. Gupta, Director, Communication Centre, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar-263 145, Uttaranchal. Printed at Venus Printers and Publishers, B-62/8, Naraina Industrial Area, Phase II, New Delhi 110 028, Tel. : 5704549,5764549.
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Over the years, our National Agricultural Research System under the aegis of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research has served a very useful purpose. Nevertheless, in the fast changing global context, managing the change on a time scale, by converting weaknesses, if any, into opportunities to become internationally competitive is considered important. We need to be forward looking and visible with appropriate agricultural research and education policies in place supported by the cutting edge technologies in order to attain and sustain global advantages. It is in this background that the formulation of a perspective plan with a visionary approach is quite necessary. The clearly spelt out options and likely changes would enable the system to capitalize on our strength so that the threats, if any, are converted into opportunities. The establishment of G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology (GBPUA&T) as the first agricultural university in 1960 in U.P. with integrated mandate on higher education, research and extension was the first step towards imparting systematic agricultural education in the country. The University soon emerged as a pace setter in advancing agricultural research and education and became a role model to establish several SAUs subsequently in other states of the country. The emerging challenges in areas like management of natural resources, diversification of agriculture to enhance farm income, management of agribusiness, post-harvest value addition and food processing, biotechnology in agriculture, quality improvement and phytosanitary standardization of the farm produce in conformity with international market standards, sustainability in agricultural production and maintaining dynamic relationship between agriculture and environment will be gaining higher priority during the 21st century. This demands more capability and need for upgrading research competence in these areas. Following the creation of the state of Uttaranchal, the University has a challenging role ahead specially for bringing prosperity to the small farmers of the hill region through diversified agriculture, preserving and protecting the rich biodiversity and the delicate ecological balance of the region. I am happy to note that the GBPUA&T, Pantnagar, has developed its perspective plan with an in-depth assessment of the problems and prospects of Uttaranchal and integrating its on-going research activities to deliver the benefits not only to the farmers of Uttaranchal but also to the rest of the country. I hope the perspective plan developed by the University would provide a blue print for further strengthening of agricultural education, research and development in general and in the state of Uttaranchal in particular.
(R.S. Paroda) Secretary,DepartmentofAgriculturalResearch&Education andDirector-General,IndianCouncilofAgri ulturalResearch c
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The year 1960 will be remembered as the year of revolution in agricultural education and research when the first State Agricultural University (SAU) was inaugurated at Pantnagar. This University has set its standard which has served as model for other SAUs in the country in terms of its objectives, programmes, courses and examination, evaluation norms, etc. The integrated teaching, research and extension system is the foundation of this university. Recently, with the formation of Uttaranchal state, the University has been assigned the exclusive responsibility of research and extension in agriculture and allied subjects for the entire State. In this Perspective Plan several new areas of research have been identified. With new emphasis and to meet the present challenges like globalization of economy; patenting of technologies, products, processes; etc., food and nutrition security; and many other pressures and demands of the State as well as of the nation, the University will recast, revamp and reorient the ongoing programmes. The Uttaranchal is poised to make advances in agriculture without adversely affecting the environment of the Himalayan region. The multidimensional development has to pass through green, white, blue and yellow revolutions to attain the goal of rainbow revolution and ensure balanced growth in agriculture, health, industry, tourism, forest, environment and education without disturbing the geographical, natural, aesthetics, traditional and socio-cultural heritage of Uttaranchal state. I thank all the Deans, Directors, Heads of Departments and other officers of this university for providing valuable information and contributing in the preparation of the Perspective Plan. Help rendered by Dr. Harpal Singh, Dean, Post-Graduate Studies in the collection of material at the initial stages is acknowledged. I place on record my appreciation to Dr. S.P. Gupta, Director, Communication Centre, for compilation and presentation of information in this document, Vision 2020. I also thank Sri Naresh Kumar, Senior Editor, Ms. B. Saini, Associate Professor and Dr. S.K. Kashyap, Editor for their editorial assistance and to the office staff for their needful support. I feel that this document will help in accelerating teaching, research and extension programmes of the University and meeting the challenges in the new state of Uttaranchal.
(J.B. Chowdhary) July 15, 2001
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Through a journey of 40 years the university has grown into a big campus and has been enriched with basic facilities and amenities for comfortable living of the students and employees.P. As such it has become essential to review the progress of these colleges and develop a perspective plan to meet the challenges of the newly created state of Uttaranchal. difficult terrains. The other agro-based activities like mushroom production. The geographical area of the state is 53. The university was established on the land grant pattern of the USA and is unique in terms of its objectives. small and fragmented holdings. cool temperate (1800-2400 mt. It has nine constituent colleges which vary in their strength in terms of number of departments. considering the need and priority for developing land use plan.B. with diverse agro-ecological and climatic conditions spread in 13 districts representing hills. problems. potential and scope for agricultural development in the hill region.Executive Summary The G. For want of objectives and a reliable data base regarding natural resources and a socio-economic profile. etc. It was dedicated to the nation on 17 November 1960 for education of the rural people in agriculture.119 sq. courses. Considering the needs.com . tarai and plains. warm temperate (1000-1800 mt height). geoclimatic and biotic situations.km. The scarce resources. The perspective plan of the university has been prepared concerning the feasibility of different activities under subtropical (upto 1000 mt. it is essential that the total available lands in hills be mapped out showing macro and micro level. tarai and plains the nine colleges of the University have prepared HRD and research perspectives for the next 20 years as per details given below: PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. flowers and medicinal/ aromatic plants. livestock production. for pursuing research and undertaking extension programmes in agriculture and other allied subjects. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology. most of the activities proposed are based on the secondary sources of information available from the people and the old records. sericulture. initially founded as U. Uniqueness of hill agriculture may also be demonstrated by promoting pollution free technology for enhancing soil fertility as well as insects pests and disease management through application of biotechnology and organic farming. height). transportation. potential for agricultural growth in Uttaranchal is tremendous considering the scope of diversification of agriculture through cultivation of fruits and vegetables. faculty members. However. programmes and activities. height). research projects etc. predominance of rainfed area under cultivation are the few salient reasons for slow and poor economic growth of the region. Nevertheless.fineprint. rural industry and business. rabbit production. beekeeping. Agricultural University came into being by an act of legislation UP Act XI-V of 1958. storage and processing industries. also have a vast scope for their development if they have a suitable market infrastructure. height) and cold zones (2400-3000 mt.
com . The product development from soybean. Research on water resource management will be another priority area to suggest water and nutrient use efficiency in different crops. with high production potential. climate and crop resources. Among other futuristic research areas. Rain water management under different agro ecosystems. flowers. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. cereals. disease and pest forecasting modules. integrated weed management. integrated pest management. commercial use and cost benefit analysis. The emphasis on research for protected horticulture will also be given to ensure high production with desired quality and to regulate production as well as pest and disease management. Seed production and quality improvement will be another thrust area for production of low cost hybrid seeds of crops. aromatic plants etc.College of Agriculture The HRD through undergraduate curricula will have a shift in priority on resource cum technology management coupled with managerial skills for sustainable production of crops. on-farm water management and water requirement of horticultural crops under micro-irrigation system are the other research priorities of this college. germplasm collection and evaluation for high production. Among research priorities thrust will be on crop improvement through heterosis breeding. pest and disease control will be given emphasis. integrated pest management modules. integrated nutrient management. quality improvement.fineprint. medicinal and aromatic plants. better quality. biotic and abiotic stresses. The advance centres in different areas of agricultural sciences at postgraduate level will also be given priority for offering advance courses to the students to enrich their knowledge through basic and applied research to cater to the needs of the public and private organizations. vegetables and other horticultural crops. Training and upgradation of teachers in all the colleges will get priority for their counter contribution in teaching and research. Under agroforestry research priority will be given to management of different agro-forestry systems including pest and disease management. water management. Similarly. organic farming and bio-fertilizer management and application of biotechnologies for breeding. better self-life and other commodity specific quality standards. fruits. vegetables and other food crops will be another priority area of research during the next 20 years. post harvest management. genetic transformation. integrated disease management modules. packaging and storage of fruits and vegetables. integrated nutrient management and post harvest management technologies. crop modelling and simulation techniques for important cropping systems. vegetables. Under food science and technology emphasis will be given to dehydration. and beekeeping. advance techniques like remote sensing and GIS will be used for generation of data base and assessment of soil. high production. with emphasis on quality improvement. Research on horticultural crops will have priority on development of micro ropagation techniques for breeding of demand driven varieties of fruits. sericulture. vegetables. conventional breeding. crop residue management. fruits etc. water. diversification. Research backup will also be provided for mushroom species.
Irrigation and Drainage Engineering.Tech. genetic evaluation of local breeds of cattle. Bio-electronics and Agro-electronics.Tech. identification of toxic chemicals and self metals in feed and fodder and exploration of nonconventional feeds. Post Harvest Process. Agricultural Environmental Engineering. Watershed Management. are the priority areas of this college in the next 20 years. College of Technology The college is poised to expand its undergraduate and postgraduate programmes to meet the future demands of the country. fisheries. Satellite Communication. and Ph. The postgraduate programme in epidemiology and preventive medicines.com . programmes in Farm Machinery and Power Engineering. Digital Communication. Environmental Engineering. Image Processing and Remote Sensing. communication skills of teachers for effective teaching and periodical training of teachers and field professionals for upgradation of their knowledge as per the need of the hour. Communication and Networking.The animal science department has identified researches on development of cattle breeds. Soil and Water Conservation Engineering. The College also plans researches relevant to all the four branches of Agricultural Engineering for the benefit of farmers. Digital Electronics. embrio transfer technology. Farm Power and Energy Management. poultry. strengthening of disease reporting system and diagnostic laboratories. The college will concentrate its efforts on all round improvement of livestock so that it may prove to be a backbone of the rural economy. Information Technology and Computer Engineering. College of Veterinary Sciences The undergraduate programmes have recently been revamped and reoriented. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. buffalo. crossbreeding for upgrading nondescript cattle. integrating approach for control of livestock and poultry diseases. sheep and goat. Bio-electronics. exploitation of local herbs and medicinal plants. horticulture.. It will work on the issues and areas which can be helpful to integrate livestock production with crops. development of quick and reliable diagnostic kits for important diseases. ways and means of augmenting feed resources. Farm Machinery. Electronics and Instrumentation. livestock production and management poultry science and veterinary extension as well as special programme on wild life management will be some of the priority areas to be taken up in the next 20 years. Information Technology Management. Optical Fibre. Electronic System Marketing and Computing. Among other priorities. Emphasis will be given to development of teaching materials. Constructional Technology and Management. Agro-electronics. etc. The college has also planned M. low cost management systems and development of production systems for different categories of farmers. modernization of slaughter house. Instrumentation. It is fully prepared to start B. programmes in 18 specialized areas viz. Micro-Wave and Radar Engineering. livestock production technology.D. etc.fineprint. Water Resource Development and Management.
Fish Processing Technology.R. Fish Nutrition and Feed Technology will be started. resource management. It will also reorient its laboratories to ensure professional competence among students.com . Management Development Programme. Fish Pathology. For these courses modernization and establishment of new laboratories will be taken up on priority.College of Basic Sciences and Humanities The college visualizes the need to develop two streams of man power in biological and physical sciences. child management.D. College of Fishery Sciences The HRD component of this discipline will concentrate on culture. freshwater. natural dyes and fabrics. reservoir fisheries and also with international institutes like ICLARM and NACA will be implemented. processing and fishery engineering at undergraduate level.fineprint. Under its research perspectives collaborative programmes with national institutes on coldwater fisheries. under its post graduate studies some new programmes like Fishery Hydrography.. It will have a Informatics Centre on inland fisheries to cater to the need of North Indian states. Placement and Counselling. First stream to discover new scientific base for technology development and second to plan and prepare policies which would ensure fruits of rapid scientific and economic progress. However. Business Management Clinic and Information Technology Management will have a major thrust in expanding H. Its consultancy and research units will undertake commodity based management aspects to promote investment in the private sector. The basic science research will also be planned to help other disciplines/ colleges in conducting basic and applied researches as well as postgraduate studies. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. The college research will cover all the relevant areas under the umbrella of applied research for fisheries development. through PG and short courses of 3-6 months in addition to refresher courses for in-service professionals. development of support systems for working women and operational research on finding self-employment opportunities for them including technology development for low -cost food processing.e. College of Agribusiness Management The four units of the college i. Fishery Biotechnology. College of Home Science The college will reorganize and reorient its courses to provide equal opportunities for male and female students in its HRD programmes and to utilize their services as professionals in the society or through self-employment. fish genetics research. seed production. Under its research programme priorities will be focused on women employment. etc. aquaculture.
D. newsletters. biotech research for quality improvement. The college has proposed a wide range of research programmes relevant for the Himalayan hill region with a major thrust on collection and conservation of plant bio-diversity. complete computerization of the data base in different disciplines. It will link all the mass media organizations in Uttaranchal for rural development in addition to having a radio and T. IPM. etc. will be the first priority of the University. It will play a catalytic role in the design and development of new post graduate programmes through departments to catering to the future needs and demands of the farmers. monthly magazines. organic farming.com . Similarly under the forestry wing it will have master and Ph.College of Horticulture and Forestry The college has realized the need for reorganizing the ongoing academic activities to have two separate undergraduate programmes in Horticulture and Forestry. food crops. masters and Ph. Agricultural Communication and Information The agricultural communication and information services will be reoriented to meet the specific needs of Uttaranchal. research and evaluation will be a major thrust of this college. high value products and high tech horticulture including processing of fruits. vegetables. herbal and aromatic plants. programmes in Forestry Management. The proposed Mass Media Research Centre will undertake basic and applied research and also education in different wings of mass communication leading to postgraduate diploma. medicinal. commercial farming of low volume. audio and video cassettes. This will be done through preparation of communication material like leaflets. Extension Education Under its extension education programme establishment one KVK in each district of Uttaranchal. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. packaging. Both the hill campuses will have the basic facilities and amenities including well equipped laboratories and research infrastructure to ensure retention of talented staff for the envisaged activities.fineprint. College of Postgraduate Studies The quality improvement in postgraduate teaching. flowers. including 3-6 month short courses in specialized areas of communication. Agricultural Technology Information Centre and functional linkage with all the development departments. with bigger roles and responsibilities. industries and other sections of society. Processing and Utilization of Herbal Plants. medicinal and herbal plants.D. CDs and other software. Land Resource Management. It will also have a Trainers Training Centre. Post-Harvest Technologies in Horticulture and Horticultural Extension. Establishment/ strengthening of laboratories. research organizations and NGOs working in Uttaranchal for technology transfer and socio-economic development. Production. Under the Horticulture College it will have new postgraduate programmes in Floriculture and Landscaping. station at the headquarters. classrooms. Connecting all the colleges and hostels through PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.V. Forestry Extension and Industrial Forestry. creating 2 to 4 advance centres in promising discipline in each college and establishment of Technology Park are the other priorities of this college. bulletins..
com . participatory training. Mobile Exhibition Unit are some other innovative programmes of this unit for the next 20 years. research and technology management are the other salient research areas of this discipline for the next 20 years..V. extension and management. Krishi Sanghralaya. training.fineprint.cable T. Researches in Socio-economic Development The social sciences including agricultural economics and extension education department will undertake need based research for micro planning in different farming systems. Researches in Extension Education The research in extension education and dissemination of farm information will emphasize on socio-economic and cultural dynamics in adoption and diffusion of new technologies. institutional reforms and micro planning. Extension. economic evaluation of prospective technology. etc. covering other allied areas like diversification. service through information shops. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. agricultural marketing. export promotion. and communication support for DASP and feasibility of information dissemination through internet communication system.
UP Agricultural University.com . UP. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Thus. The University of Illinois. a telephone exchange.R. Pant University is a symbol of successful partnership between India and the United States. The Act was later amended under UP Universities Reenactment and Amendment Act 1972 and the University was rechristened as Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology keeping in view the contributions of Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant. It paved the way for setting up of 31 other agricultural universities in the country. The credit for starting the functioning of the University without loosing any time goes to the warm and resourceful personality of the first Vice-Chancellor. a water supply section. the first agricultural university of India. with the appointment of the Radhakrishnan University Education Commission. was constituted that arrived at the idea of establishing a ‘Rural University’ on the land-grant pattern of USA. in 1960. B. the then Chief Minister of UP. street lighting. development of the rural sector was considered the primary concern of the Government of India. Surendra Bahadur Singh (18-2-97 to 17-2-2000) • Dr. the Kansas State University. the Ohio State University. the Vice-President of ICAR. who could keep people fruitfully engaged on the university farm. Kailash Nath Katiyar (27-1-87 to 26-7-87) • Dr. J. The task of assisting Uttar Pradesh in establishing an agricultural university was assigned to the University of Illinois which signed a contract in 1959 to establish an agricultural University in the State.Historical Perspective After independence.fineprint. Mahatim Singh (31-7-87 to 30-7-90) • Dr. marketing centres. H. Later. Dharma Pal Singh (22-10-77 to 22-6-78) 12-5-80) • Shri Narendra Shankar Mathur (1-8-78 to • Shri Anand Sarup (27-8-80 to 7-2-83) • Shri Kripa Narayan (9-2-83 to 21-1-87) • Dr. the Pennsylvania State University and the University of Missouri. came into being by an Act of legislation. a network of roads. UP Act XI-V of 1958. Suresh Chandra Mudgal (17-12-93 to 18-2-97) • Dr. the Technical Cooperation Mission and some land-grant universities of USA. Chowdhary (Continuing since 17-2-2000) The Campus appears impressive today with its well-tended fields. of the University of Illinois prepared a blueprint for a Rural University to be set up at the Tarai State Farm in the district Nainital. Hannah. The establishment of this university brought about a revolution in agricultural education. Dean.W. housing colonies. imparting of agricultural education through the setting up of rural universities became the focal point. The G. in 1954 an Indo-American team led by Dr. the labs and the classrooms despite the lurking fear of wild animals roaming the area. In the initial stage the University of Illinois also offered the services of its scientists and teachers. As a consequence a contract between the Government of India. was signed to promote agricultural education in the country. hospitals. Kenneth Anthony Parker Stevenson (1-12-58 to 2-1-64). K. research and extension. 6 primary schools and 3 secondary schools.B. Damle. Dhyan Pal Singh (28-1-66 to 19-1-75) • Shri Shiv Prasad Pandey (20-1-75 to 20-4-77) • Dr. In 1949. The US universities included the universities of Tennessee. The other Vice-Chancellors to be remembered for their distinctive contributions in the development of the University are: • Raja Bajrang Bhadur Singh (20-12-64 to 18-1-66) • Dr. the late Dr. Hari Govind Singh (31-7-90 to 17-12-93) • Dr. The University was dedicated to the Nation by the first Prime Minister of India Pt Jawaharlal Nehru on 17 November 1960.
PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. (Act XI-V. 631 administrative and ministerial personnel and 1425 class III employees. business and other allied subjects.8 m above the mean sea level. to provide service to the hill region its other stations are situated at Ranichauri (Tehri district). Thus. research and extension. rural industry. furthering the prosecution of research particularly agriculture and other allied sciences.P. the objectives of the University were inscribed. The number of students in the University ranges between 2800–3000. ° Mandate The University was established by an Act of Legislature of U. However. and undertaking field and extension programmes. 1958) where under the section Uttar Pradesh Krishi avam Prodyogik Vishwavidyalaya Adhinium 1958. Bhabar and hill areas. among others.fineprint. Tarai. Majhera (Nainital district) and at Lohaghat-Sui (Champavat district). There are 763 teachers and officers 59 technical staff. amounting to a total strength of 2878. the teacher–taught ratio is about 1:6 and student– staff ratio is about 1:1.The main campus lies in Udham Singh Nagar district of Uttaranchal at 29° N latitude and 79 E longitude at an elevation of 243. as under: • • • making provision for the education of the rural people of Uttar Pradesh in different branches of study particularly agriculture.com . The University was awarded with the ‘Best Institution Award 1997’ for its exemplary performance in the field of agricultural education. This main campus has the area responsibility for the entire Uttaranchal representing plains.
research and extension in the University. He is appointed by the Chancellor (Governor of the State) for a period of three years. He confers the degrees on persons entitled to receive them in the absence of the Chancellor. Vice-Chancellor. The University also has a whole time Comptroller appointed by the state government. to direct the form and use of the common seal of the University. livestock breeders. The other ex-officio members are Secretaries of the State Government viz. The other powers as conferred on him by the University Act and Statutes are also exercised by him as and when required.com . distinguished industrialist and outstanding women social workers. suspension and dismissal of the officers. The Vice-Chancellor is the Principal Executive and Academic Officer of the University. that are nominated by the State Government. Besides. He is the exofficio member and Chairman of the Board of Management and also of the Academic Council. the Board of Faculties and such other authorities as may be declared by the Statutes. There are two members representing the Legislative Assembly and five members representing agricultural scientists. to appoint such committees either standing or temporary as it deems necessary for its proper functioning. He exercises general control over the affairs of the University and is responsible for maintenance of the discipline in the University. to appoint members of the academic and administrative staff. one representative of the ICAR and one representative of the registered graduates of the university are also included. Education and Directors of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry of Uttaranchal. to invest money belonging to the University. He prepares and presents the budget and statement of accounts to the Vice-Chancellor. Director Extension and such other persons in the service of the University as may be declared by Statutes are the officers of the University. The other authorities of the University are the Academic Council.fineprint. As per the Act the Chancellor. the powers of the Chancellor and possesses all such powers as may be necessary on behalf of the Chancellor under section 23.Organizational Setup The University has a Board of Management as per Re-enactment and Amendment Act 1974 and the Vice-Chancellor is its ex-officio Chairman. The Registrar is also a whole time officer appointed by the Vice-Chancellor and approved by the Board of Management. Agriculture and Watershed Development. Finance. He is also responsible for presentation of the budget and statement of accounts to the Board of Management. to borrow money for capital improvement. He is also incharge of PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Comptroller.. He exercises the administrative orders of the Board regarding appointment. Registrar. academic staff and other employees of the University. He is responsible for the custody of records and common seal of the University. to accept the transfer of any movable or immovable property on behalf of the University. Dean Student Welfare. progressive farmers. The Governor of Uttaranchal State is the Chancellor of the University and by virtue of his office he is the head of the University and presides over functions of the University. He is also responsible for a close coordination and integration of teaching. to administer any fund placed at the disposal of the University for specific purposes. Deans of Faculties. Director of Experiment Station. to meet at such time and in such places as it deems necessary and to regulate and determine all matters concerning the University in accordance with the Act and Statutes. He ensures faithful observance of the provisions of the University Act and Statutes without prejudice. He is the ex-officio secretary of the Board of Management and is responsible for the property and investment of the University. to hold and control the property and funds of the University. He is the ex-officio secretary of the Academic Council. The Board has the power to approve the budget submitted by the ViceChancellor.
The University has a well-equipped library to serve as an effective information and study support to the students and teachers for teaching and research in the university. The other subsidiary offices include Transport Pool. in all faculties. For providing information support and distant education through mass media there is another Directorate of Communication and Information Services with a provision of Director as head of the unit to plan and execute communication and information services related to different disciplines with the help of media specialists. education and examination and for the requirements for obtaining degrees. the University has a full time Director of Extension also. Students Discipline Committee and the University Library Committee. He is also responsible for the organization and conduct of teaching. There is a Director of Experiment Station who keeps proper records of the projects and receives reports of the progress of research for publication.fineprint. For placement of the University graduates in different private/public sector organizations and also their training in different organizations there is a post of the Director. both fundamental and applied. Each faculty comprises of departments as prescribed by the Statutes. There is also a full-fledged Directorate of Works and Plants for supervision of construction and maintenance of the buildings. The other sub-committees.com . The University also has a Dean of Student Welfare. Each faculty has a Dean who is the Chairman of the Board of Faculty and is responsible for the due observation of the Statutes and regulations related to the faculty. Each faculty has a number of departments as approved by the Board of Management on recommendation of the Academic Council. Each department has a Head who is responsible to the Dean for organization and operation of the department. University Press and University Garden. Training and Placement . The University has a distinction of having a full time Chief General Manager of farm for planning and execution of agricultural production activities at the University Farm. curricula and other information as deemed necessary. It exercises such other powers and perform such other duties as may be conferred or imposed upon it by the Statutes. for the arrangement of boarding and lodging facilities for the students. The University also has an Agricultural Experiment Station for conducting research. The personnel management is looked after by a senior faculty member as Chief Personnel Officer for teachers and officers and the nonteaching staff is looked after by another senior faculty member as Establishment Officer. For planning and execution of extension programmes based on the results of the research. to supervise extra-curricular activities and to maintain contact with the alumni of the University. The University also has a Director of Administration and Monitoring who is also the Chief Security Officer and is responsible for maintaining linkages with the district administration and ensures compliance of orders in the University for execution in different departments. The University has the Academic Council which looks into the academic affairs of the University and is responsible for the maintenance of standards of instruction. He is also responsible for conducting the examinations.the entrance examination. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. There is a Directorate of Extension that provides useful information to the farmers and housewives to help them in solving their problems and taking measures toward developing their interests. Instrumentation Centre. research and extension work of the departments comprising in the faculty. to provide programmes of students counselling. roads and other municipal facilities in the campus. of the Academic Council are the Educational Policy Committee. The University has nine faculties representing nine different colleges. maintaining records of all courses.
research and extension programmes. and high humidity were some of the hardships to be faced at the initial stage together with reclamation of the land and its rehabilitation.F. The University has now grown up with a full range of activities. Commercialization and globalization made agriculture a business-like venture. to take care of the needs of education. Two years later.52km covering a gross area of 16. The need of a college which could impart the knowledge of basic scientific principles to the students. the University established another college i. The College became functional in 1998 and has been able to meet the expectations of running agribusiness at par with other areas of trade and industry. It was housed for the first four years (1960–1964) in a large hall in the College of Agriculture. Mechanical and Electrical engineering. hostels and additional staff to carry out teaching programmes.B. to develop manpower in aquaculture and fishery in the inland waters of the State.000 acres. University Library The University Library was established in 1960. was carried out at the main campus till 1996. Pant University has a perimeter of 28. Its present form has been traced in this chapter. A big responsibility of the University was a hilly area which had agro climatic conditions and problems quite different from the plains. with the formation of the new state of Uttaranchal the area of responsibility of the University has been limited to the 11 districts of the hills and 2 districts of the plains comprising Tarai. viz. hostels and schools. This space soon proved to be inadequate and a new library building was erected on the Eastern end of the Administration PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. research stations. Less than 50 years ago it was a thick forest inhabited by wild beasts..fineprint. colleges. the university established a College of Agri-Business Management in 1996. research and extension in the hills of UP. Prior to this the undergraduate programme of B. Hence. In the same year. with the initiation of master’s programmes in different departments. In 1985. As a result of unabated cleaning and development work on this vast area it was converted into an impressive and pollution free campus with an elegant network of farm land. roads. Educational Network After its establishment in 1960 the University started functioning with two colleges. infrastructures and facilities along with supporting units to attain envisaged goals through the last 40 years. the College of Agriculture and the College of Veterinary Medicine which has now been renamed as the College of Veterinary Sciences.com .Sc. In the last decade of the twentieth century. the College of Fishery Science. The University is committed to the allround agricultural development of these areas through its concerted efforts and innovative education. residences. in the district of Udham Singh Nagar. Hence a School of Basic Sciences and Humanities was established in 1963 which was upgraded as the College of Basic Sciences and Humanities. a College of Agricultural Engineering was started which was renamed as the College of Technology in 1966 with the addition of 3 new B. was also being felt strongly since the inception of the University. Now. The campus is surrounded with a lush green plantation in the foothills of the Himalayas. agriculture received greater importance and was covered under the umbrella of the GATT Agreement. However. In order to meet the demand of trained graduates in agriculture and its allied sector with a management background. the College of Post-Graduate Studies was started in the University.Tech programmes in Civil. a full-fledged hill campus was established in 1976 by the University at Ranichauri in the district of Tehri Garhwal. remoteness of the site. At this campus only research and extension programmes were carried out till 1991.Campus Growth The G.e. Uttaranchal State on the Delhi–Nainital and Lucknow–Nainital routes. Bhabhar and the adjacent area of the hills. Fear of mosquitoes and leeches. by 1992 a well-equipped College of Forestry and Hill Agriculture was started with a provision of laboratories.
display 3. It arranges programmes of orientation lectures for freshers and initiates welcome functions at the hostel and college levels to create friendly relations among the students. To meet the need of the times. students book lending cell and a cartographic lab. college-wise halls equipped with musical instruments. At present the University Library holds a document collection of over 0. bound periodicals. providing a reading accommodation for 250 students. current affairs. and the reading area. are available. a monthly indexing service. history. Thirdly. Secondly.000 sq. the collection and the reading area is broken into several smaller subject-wise units to avoid stuffiness in the stacks and overcrowding in reading rooms. Most of the books are related to the scientific and technical curriculum of the University. For literary. This building has several unique features which make it one of the best library buildings in the country. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. the ducts. the then President of India. the inside environment of the Library is very cozy and relaxing which helps the readers to work with concentration and high efficiency for long hours. except the rare books which are made available on demand. multistoried. This building had a floor area of 16. standards.Block. cultural. University book deport.3 million consisting of books. but finally in 1982 the University Library moved into its present premises.50. and other publications. The Library was shifted into its new premises in December 1964. a new building was planned in 1970–71 with a future projection of 5 years.ft. drama. badminton and tennis. There are large collection of books on varied topics like fine arts. indoor games and courts for basketball. handbooks. There is an excellent reference section comprising encyclopedias. gymnasium. It was formally inaugurated on 30 March 1965 by the Late Dr.000 periodicals. As the needs of the fast-expanding academic activity of the University increased the Library became overcrowded in a very short time. Firstly. etc. About 2. There are 17 games and sports clubs with hostel-wise playground. political science as well as fiction. it has clearly demarcated three functional areas : the staff work area. Construction was delayed. etc. SPIC MACAY and film screening programmes and other activities two auditoriums. costumes.000 readers. have been thoughtfully provided in the structure itself. Hence. etc. with a view to facilitate air conditioning in the future. a library. built on modern principles to house 3. fans. Fifthly. it has an ample provision for natural light and ventilation. a music room. The food service in each hostel is on no profit–no loss basis and is run by a cooperative management through a students’ food committee. a separate Hindi section has been introduced.com .800 students are lodged in 16 hostels which are provided with a common room. dictionaries. 4 activity clubs and 10 hobby clubs/projects for professional development and personality building. religions. Zakir Hussain. The Advisor acts as a local guardian to the students. The University Library has also been compiling one ‘Indian Agricultural Index’. stadium and swimming pool. the central services. Medical and Health services are provided through four medical officers in the University Hospital and weekly visits of an eye surgeon and other specialists. 35 mm double cine projector. music. Student Welfare The Department of Student Welfare unit coordinates all activities of students and arranges their stay on the campus.. There is a wing counsellor in each wing of every hostel who guides the junior students besides acting as a link between the Warden and the Advisor. for readers to have direct access to all the books and periodicals on the shelves.000 books. The Library maintains ‘open access’ system. and seat 1. Fourthly. a colour TV. The extracurricular activities are organized through 10 societies. functional structure. covering all English and Hindi articles having a bearing on agriculture and published in Indian agricultural journals received in the Library. rooms.fineprint. During that period the Library introduced many new facilities like Xeroxing. The Library building is a magnificent. a large number of books of general interest are available testifying to the genuine efforts of the University to promote an all-round development among students. In addition to it. travel.
Poultry Research Centre. Counselling Cell for higher education. are also organized in a routine manner by the student welfare unit. the University arranges on-campus mock interviews and provides learning material and guides. Sui (Lohaghat. wardens and assistant wardens. This is done under the supervision of Director Training and Placement assisted by two Assistant Directors. Research Infrastructure The University has been engaged in agricultural research besides education and transfer of technology. Hill Campus. Besides this. annual sports meet. A good placement is synergically linked with quality education. Western Plains Zone PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Student discipline is administered through discipline committees. Agricultural Implements Research and Testing Station. Horticulture Research Centre. Technology. In addition to extra curricular activities. To conduct the research based on the local needs of the farmers. and the Mid-Western Plains Zone of UP. An alumni association. a publication of The Student to highlight the student activities. Basic Sciences and Humanities. Fisheries and Forestry. Pauri B. exhibitions.com . The training of farmers and fanctionaries associated with fisheries development is also orgainzed at this centre. fellowships and loans.Financial assistance to the tune of 4. yoga camps. Hill Zone 1.fineprint. Career guidance and lectures from guest speakers both from within and outside the University are also arranged. The area of responsibility of this university before formation of Uttaranchal State for research and extension was in 28 districts comprising the Hill Zone. sports competitions and matches. 7 ha) 4. the University has established out campus research centres/stations in various zones as indicated below: A. Conscious of this linkage. In addition there are wellequipped laboratories in all the colleges to conduct research in priority areas. Majhera (8. Directorate of Training and Placement The University is annually producing on an average 400 undergraduate and 180 postgraduate students in various disciplines of Agriculture. Veterinary Sciences. Information is provided to the students regarding different coaching programmes for the state and national-level competitions. cultural programmes at important occasions. etc. a full-fledged Directorate of Training and Placement established in 1980 provides a purposeful link between the graduates and their prospective employers. A well developed and extended fisheries research center cum fish seed hatchery of 4 crore seedlings annual capacity is established at the College of Fishery Science. Research Station. The on-campus research is conducted at various research centres namely Crop Research Centre. The information regarding opportunities for higher education to our graduates for enhancing their educational qualifications in India and abroad is provided on regular basis by the Directorate. The research activities of the University are coordinated and monitored by the Directorate of Experiment Station. Livestock Research Centre. Republic Day and birth day/ anniversaries in respective hostels are also carried out. Ranichauri (203 ha) 2. The students’ participation in the University administration is ensured through executive committees. Vegetable Research Centre and Mushroom Research Centre. Chancellor’s Gold Medal on the basis of composite index of academic and extra-curricular activities is awarded to the best graduates. The Directorate prepares a classified directory of prospective employers for University graduates to facilitate frequent contacts with them through correspondence and personal visits. drive for social causes. The priority of the Research agenda is determined by the Research Advisory Committee under the Chairmanship of the Vice-Chancellor.2 ha) 3. celebration of Independence Day. The Directorate also advises graduates seeking self-employment regarding practices and procedures for setting up their own enterprises. Research Station. Home Science.5 million is disbursed through 50 types of scholarships. the Western-Plains Zone.
training and telecast from Doordarshan Kendra. etc.2 ha) After creation of the new state of Uttaranchal the area of responsibility is confined to 13 districts of Uttaranchal. In 1973. Chamoli. In 1992–94 seven more KVKs. Research Station Nagina (31 ha) 2. Later on the services were extended to 16 districts of UP. Meerut (266. the State Government entrusted upon the University the responsibility of extension education in 19 districts of western plain and hill areas of UP. Ujhani (10. Extension Network The Directorate of Extension started functioning in 1962 with a team at the headquarters and three members in the field in Nainital district. was started in two districts in 1970 and one ORP on Resource Development on Watershed basis was launched during 1985–86 in Bareilly. Research Station Ujhani (7. saplings planting material. research institutes and farmers. Hardwar. This means the research and extension efforts will be intensified in these 13 districts of Uttaranchal to make agriculture more progressive in this state. This increased to 20 with the formation of Ghaziabad district. Ghaziabad. The Centre also provides mass media support to extension programmes of the University other than teaching. the centre will also help in their long-term storage. Two KVKs. Research Station. the area jurisdiction of the University rose to 28 districts. one each located in Meerut and Muzaffarnagar districts. The video programmes are produced for teaching.fineprint. Video Production Unit: This unit is also well-equipped with necessary facilities for video film production. The Directorate of Extension has recently developed Agricultural Technology Information Centre as a single window service unit for advisory. Lucknow and Bareilly. exchange. Communication Centre The Communication Centre was established in 1970 for technology dissemination among farmers. extension units are working in 9 districts which include 2 KVKs at Ranichauri and Lohaghat and 7 KGKs at Dehradun. Western Campus Modipuram.com . Now in Uttaranchal. one each for Rampur. All these programmes were merged into KVK in 1992. Shahjahanpur and Champawat. were sanctioned. Thus a total of 10 KVKs and 14 KGKs were functioning in 22 districts. This centre will help in conserving the rich depository of natural wealth of the Himalayan hills and other biodiversity-rich regions. The State Government has also sanctioned establishment of KGK for the district of Rudraprayag. Delhi. to perform the function of KVK for Nainital district. diagnostic services and supply of critical units like seed. Saharanpur.. out of 13 districts. Almora and Udham Singh Nagar. Besides looking after the quarantine. propagation and distribution to agricultural universities. It is operating through the following units : Radio Production Unit: This unit is fully-equipped with staff and necessary equipment to attain the broadcast quality of the programmes produced in the radio studio. The ICAR also sanctioned the Lab to Land programme as a part of its Silver Jubilee celebration. Badaun. extension workers and others through mass media. First KVK was sanctioned in 1983 for Tehri Garhwal district.1 ha) C. Bijnor.1. evaluation and recording of indigenous and imported germplasm. Pauri. research and other activities/programmes. The national demonstration programme. A Pantnagar Centre for Plant Genetic Resources (PCPGR) is under construction at the University. managed by NGOs. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. The programmes produced from this unit are sent for broadcast to AIR stations. In the new state of Uttaranchal the area of responsibility of the University extension education has been assigned to 13 districts of which 11 districts represent the hills and the other 2 districts viz. Uttarkashi. Mid-Western Plains Zone 1. were transferred to the University in 1998. entry. Thus 11 districts of Uttaranchal have one or the other unit of extension system of the University. financially sponsored by the ICAR. Due to rise in number of district before formation of Uttaranchal State.8 ha) 2. Majhera (Nainital). Udham Singh Nagar and Hardwar of Tarai Bhabhar and plains. The ICAR under NATP has sanctioned a scheme for recommending the Zonal Research Centre.
This unit is also responsible for the production of exhibits and display materials required for the Information Centre of the college and the exhibitions arranged during Kisan Mela.373. Huts) Plantation and orchards 374. The seed production units and orchards are being integrated for utilization of the Farm more judiciously. training. This is the place where laboratory technology.fineprint. So far. The break-up of area allocation to various sectors is as follows :Gross area 4. is put to rigorous test on commercial scale for the benefit of the farming community of the country. slides and overhead projection facilities are also made available for teaching.equipped letterpress and a printing press. Besides. research administrations and managers to translate their innovative ideas into concrete actions. conferences.00 ha Net cropped area 3. national and international exhibitions. a variety of print material like leaflets.07 ha Buildings and roads 374. oilseeds.048 ha is under various crops with double cropping. Home Science and other disciplines. etc. extension and other activities of the University. workshops. District Centre. Audio-visual and Projection Services: The audio-visual and projection unit screens 35 mm films for students’ entertainment and video films for training and teaching purposes.373. Printing Unit: The University has a well. symposia. Railways. Rajendra Prasad National Award.200 ha is under sugarcane and the remaining about 2. Besides. state. training. whether in the form of improved crop varieties or superior production technologies.com . folders and technical bulletins.622. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. seminars. the University has produced over 160 textbooks in Hindi for undergraduate students and 20 of these books have been honoured with Dr. 85 field staff. viz. An offset printing machine has also been installed which is being used for printing of monthly magazines.News and Publication Unit: For the technology dissemination through press. 40 office staff. the net cultivable area of the farm is somewhat reduced to 3.93 ha Of the net cultivated area about 1.07 ha gross area) provides ample opportunities to research scientists. and two monthly magazines.248. Presently.65 ha (Seed Production Centre. Considering a great demand from the farmers and entrepreneurs the emphasis is being laid on the production of low-cost books in Hindi and English to provide vocational guidance to entrepreneurs and input agencies for promotion of agro-based industries.509 farm labourers. PAC. Kisan Bharti in Hindi and Indian Farmers’ Digest in English are published from this unit. public address services.49 ha Land made available for other uses 375. students. Foundation and Certified seed of major cereals. Photographic and Graphics Production Unit: This is a central facility of the University and caters to the needs related to teaching. there has been allocation of some land of the farm towards strengthening of breeder seed production unit. prospectus and other quality works. Text-book Production: The University has also got textbook production facilities for Hindi medium instruction for the students of Agriculture. 105 technical staff and 1. University Farm The Pantnagar University farm with a huge acreage (4. Pantnagar News in English is also produced from this Centre. One quarterly newsletter. The staff strength of the University Farm constitutes around 14 officers. The University Farm plays a pivotal role in the production of Breeder seed.93 ha due to utilization of certain area towards non-agricultural but absolutely essential uses required by Government of India/Uttar Pradesh. pulses and vegetable crops and thus helps in making available the seed of superior varieties to every nook and corner of the country. viz.
water and construction to take up new work and also look after the repair and maintenance of the existing buildings and installations.Instrumentation Centre The University has an Instrumentation centre in the College of Basic Sciences and Humanities as a central facility for the repair of scientific instruments. There are also a number of labour colonies in different blocks of the University Farm. On normal days about 500 patients and on holidays about 100 patients visit the Hospital. Residential Colonies Being a residential university. Lal Bagh. The services of Ayurvedic and Homeopathic doctors are also available in the campus. the Campus School was started in the college of agriculture which was later shifted to a separate building. etc. is also attached with the International Guest House. therefore. the University has a large number of quarters for the employees in the campus itself. Ta Colony. Now with the increase in the number of students in the campus the University has three Intermediate schools and seven primary schools to cater to the needs of different localities. These are spread over in Phool Bagh. are available for all sections. Welfare Centres To organize social and family celebrations of the campus residents five community centres are available at different locations in the University. It has three separate wings of electrical. visits. The hospital is broadly divided into the male ward and the female ward. Jha Colony. Guest Houses The University has two guest houses viz. All the departments and units of the University can use the services of this centre. the International Guest House and the Lambert Square Guest House. Construction and Maintenance Facilities The University has a well-developed unit of Works and Plants for undertaking various maintenance works at the University campus. farmers fairs.m.fineprint. Medical Facilities The University hospital is located close to the main market and is easily accessible to all the people of the University.m. A Farmer’s Hostel for housing farmers coming for training. These are maintained by charging nominal fees from the residents for the organization of their functions. mechanic and machines. Shopping Centres Being away from the city the Campus developed a good marketing centre at the central place and three small marketing centres in remote areas of the University. started in the beginning. Later the need of an English-medium school was also felt and hence. Services of the carpenter. The emergency ward remains open throughout.com . The University hospital has six doctors. Schools Being away from the city the campus required schooling facilities for the children of the employees. It remains open on all the days from 8. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.00 a. except for Sundays and gazetted holidays. Chakpheri Colony and Nagla Colony. painter. to 2. University Workshop The College of Technology has a well-established workshop which provides facility to all the departments and units of the University for undertaking various mechanical work. One Hindi-medium primary school was. etc.00 p.
5. Research Station. 6. College Professor/ Director 20 26 20 10 5 3 3 1 Associate Assistant Professor/SRO Professor/JRO 44 44 32 23 8 5 7 83 59 30 49 18 9 11 18 8 1. Stenographic guest-house. Krishi Vigyan Kendra 20 4 1 4 1 7 55 2 96 5 4 5 5 2 15 68 20 3 - 4 11 81 99 Cadre wise sanctioned position of staff in the University S. Clerical Technical PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Cadre 1. Modipuram 2 17. research and extension officers at the University S. Bal Nilium. Research Station. Headquarters 20. 7. Class IV 4. hostel. 5.) Total 3557 Staff position at University Farm S. Research Station. Class III 3. Research Station. General Budget 6 11. 9. Majhera 1 14. 3. Agriculture Technology Veterinary Sciences Basic Sciences and Humanities Home Science Fisheries Forestry and Hill Agriculture University Library Physical Education Research Station 10. Research Station.fineprint.No. Lohaghat 16. Research Station. security. 2. Ujhani 1 15.University Manpower Position of teaching.No. etc.com .No. Nagina 1 12. Bulandshahr 1 13. Officers 2. Master listed employee regularized from 1986–87 to 2000–2001 Sanctioned Posts 24 317 118 1542 Number of approved posts 95 2. Research Station. Ranichauri 14 Directorate of Extension 19. Cadre 1. All India Coordinated Research Project 6 18. Sui. 8. 4.
barley. km with maximum length of the region from east to west 357 km and the maximum breadth from north to south 294 km.000 ha is under forest cover. • The area under rice–wheat is 39.15. This part of the state is bestowed with mixed farming systems on subsistence basis. • Present area under fallow is 12. snow peaks and tops. • Area under trees and bushes is 2.04.com .000 ha and 66. needs of people and history. • The forest and agriculture are the major land based activities.000 ha and under grassland is 1.000 ha has more than one crop in a year.000 ha of which cultivable waste is 2.71. large forested areas and terraced fields are the integral features of Uttaranchal. the people of Uttaranchal practice integrated systems of farming.94 percent and under millets plus pseudo cereals is 28. Land Utilization The economy and land use of Uttaranchal are determined largely by topography. although there are wide variations in this percentage from district to district.66.000 ha and land used under non-cultivation purpose is 1.000 ha of which 5. Like most other hill economy.000 ha. • The state has 95 development blocks and 15. High mountains and small hills.19 percent. investment levels. level of entrepreneurship. In the new state the priorities for research and extension programmes have been shifted in view of the fact that out of 13 districts 11 districts represent the hill region which has different agro-ecological and climatic conditions. • The average size of holding in hill region is 0.92. degraded land. About 1/3 of the total area in Uttaranchal is either rocky/snow covered/glaciated or otherwise unproductive.92 percent of the total reported area though the actual cover. The recorded forest area constitutes 63. climate. small and regimental holding.Some Salient Features of Uttaranchal State and Priority Areas for Research and Development After carving a new state of Uttaranchal from Uttar Pradesh on 9 November 2000 the University has been assigned a responsibility for agricultural research and extension activities in the state bestowed with a diversified agroclimatic and socio-cultural milieu.126 sq.73. scarce resources in terms of land.fineprint. The hill region has relatively poor infrastructure for research.8 ha which is scattered in small pieces. soil.000 ha is as other fallow land. • The total reporting area is 55. economic base. glaciers.000 ha of which 34. implements and machines and transportation. technology. infrastructural facilities. valleys and lakes. The net sown area for the region is a little over 13% of the total reported area. no mass media for dissemination of agricultural information. based on remote sensing and satellite imagery information is only 44 percent.79 lakh population. big and small rivers and rivulets. About 12 percent of agricultural land has got irrigation and about 90% land is used for growing cereals. Some other factual data to describe Uttaranchal is presented below: • The total geographical area of the State is 53. It has a geographical area of 51. fodder (barseem) and some vegetables. food legumes and pulses is 3 to 4 percent. horticulture.15. and a low investment capacity of the farmers resulting in low productivity of crops. The responsibility for preparation of agricultural policy for the new state has also been assigned to this university.80. • Contribution of women in agriculture is more than 80 percent. • The crops are grown on 8. extension and development work. • The area under wastelands is 3. forestry.000 ha. demography.620 villages. available levels of technology.12.485 square kilometer containing 84. livestock and off-farm activities. irrigation water. • The area under maize. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.
200 metric tonne production and 5. wild-life. 1. Zone C : Cool temperate (1800 to 2400 m height).000 ha each with total production of 48. It is not used for cultivation and generally used as grassland. Of the main workers 58.402 chicken in the State.174 sheep. Thus.08. though soil structure. temperature regime and crop variety differ from both of them.97.89.fineprint. wheat followed by mandua mixed with other millets and food legumes. Only about one-third of the cultivated area is irrigated. 281 ha grass vegetable with 4. Protection of Environment : Top Priority of Uttaranchal Uttaranchal on the whole.877 crossbred cows.122 buffaloes. Its natural resources—soils. Many wild-life and plant PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. About 42 percent of the population can be classified as workers out of which 36.com .e. Literacy in rural areas is about 55 percent.558 goats and 8. The net area sown in Uttaranchal is only about one-eighth of the gross reported area.64. The mountain peaks are snow covered during winters while the higher peaks in the cold zone are perpetually under snow.400 metric tonnes. fertility. • The institutional infrastructure for agricultural development including credit availability is quite inadequate. water regimes. Zone D : Cold Zone ( 2400 to 3000 m height). let us very briefly attempt to list out some of the key interventions that would be required in order to improve planning and administrative arrangements in the new state of Uttaranchal and thereby bringing a distinct improvement in the lot of its people. bio-diversity.23. The remaining part represents the hill region and being based on a height from the sea level following agroclimatic variations are observed : Zone A : Subtropical (up to 1000 m height). about 71 percent of the agricultural holdings are marginal. on an average.45. Agro-climatic Variations To make a distinction in terms of agroclimatic conditions the state has got plains of Hardwar.03. • On the high hills the wild animals are in plenty to harm the standing crops.4 percent belongs to the category of main workers. chua. potato. by rising demands on account of rapidly increasing human and animal populations. The annual rainfall of the State varies from 1. It has major irrigated land adopting two year crop rotation of rice. • The State has ample scope for sericulture.37. • There are 20.1 percent are cultivators and 6.4 percent agricultural labourers. • The State has 67.600 mm. etc. mushroom.—have been severely affected. apiculture. In certain areas in the higher regions the minimum temperature during winters is below freezing point while the maximum day temperature in the plains and also in some valleys can range as high as 40–45o C. 10. There are wide temperature fluctuations during the year and also among various areas.563 cattle. Important Interventions Taking into account the problems of the region as recounted above.• The area under temperate and sub-tropical fruits is 1.000 to 1. is ecologically a fragile region. for males and about 43 percent for females (1991 census). Uttaranchal has a relatively higher literacy rate i. Dehradun and Champawat districts. Tarai region represented by Udham Singh Nagar and some Bhabar areas of Nainital. above 75 percent. forests. • There is ample scope for seed production of temperate vegetables. This zone has generally rainfed crops like barley. It has crops and farming practices quite similar to Tarai and Plains. 3. ugal and fafar.99 metric tonne productivity per ha. Zone B : Warm temperate (1000 to 1800 m height). About 50 percent of land holdings are below half a hectare and another 21 percent between half and one hectare. 10. Participation of women in labour force is high and above 35 percent women are classified as workers. flowers and medicinal plant production. Angora rabbit farming. marachha.
It is. The data should be accurate. Water Resource Management (i) Water flow and ground recharge data gaps are severe and need to be removed. This will need full community participation.com . (iv)For developing reliable land-use data there is a need of integrating different technologies like remote sensing. Serious data gaps exist in land uses and in changes that have been occurring. GIS and GPS with aerial photography and field-based cadastral surveys. to the extent possible should be the units of areal planning but watershed planning would have to be fitted with and nested in an ascending order. inadequate forest cover.fineprint. etc. incidence of poverty and deficiencies in physical as well as social infrastructural facilities. etc. The typical problems of Uttaranchal include skewed land use. It is. employment. marginal agriculture. updated and available in time series forms so that changes can be monitored and evaluated so that corrective mechanisms are built into the processes of planning. streams. one of the major constraints is lack of accurate and timeseriesbased data. rivulets and springs are essential for planning water resource uses for energy. The Need for Objective and Reliable Data Base In planning for hill region. incomes. forestry. social and physical infrastructural facilities. This region is a difficult area in terms of geography. water. the already available rights and concessions of the people should be respected as far as possible and their traditional knowledge and experience be utilized and built upon. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. (ii) Watershed . low productivity. which is mostly inaccurate and not available in time series forms so as to interpret the trends and understand the problems and work out solutions. (ii) Total available land in hill areas should be mapped out accounting for macro and micro level geo-climatic and biotic situations to determine optimal land capability choices. systematic disposal of waste material. The importance of hill area also lies in the fact that not only it is important for protecting and sustaining its own fragile environment for the long-term advantage of the region but also much more important for the health of the plains down-stream namely the Indo-Gangetic valley which constitutes the food bowl of the country. (v) In the management of village forests and other common property. After all it has to be remembered that the water and soil resources for the plains come largely from the hills. (vi)Mining operations in hill regions have to be carefully regulated through appropriate conservation measures like full rehabilitation of mined areas. Reliable time series data is hardly available. Developing Land Use Plan (i) Land use is skewed and needs to be altered to a more optimal potential development. Agriculture on steep slopes has adversely depleted soil resources. On that basis land use must move in a phased manner to capability profiles through policy and action. relating to land. Data would have to be regularly updated. Discharge measurements of small rivers. (iii)Land capability profiles need to be generated watershed-wise.species have become extinct or are endangered. These gaps need to be filled by developing data banks which should be networked so as to easily accessible. Unscientific open grazing by large number of animals has depleted forest floors and pastures and endangered many shrub and grass species. important to bridge the gaps. heavy human as well as animal population pressures. important to consider all these points while formulating an agricultural policy and a land use plan for Uttaranchal. accessibility and sustainable growth needs. meso and micro levels. drinking and other purposes at macro. land resources etc. therefore. Water springs have shrunk or even vanished altogether. therefore. compensatory afforestation. irrigation.
storage. Also. processing. fruits. (viii)Water should be properly priced so that its waste is discouraged. (v) Spring water resources need to be preserved.fineprint. branding. (iii)The demand of land for non-agricultural uses like urbanization. seeds. spices and herbs should be encouraged for improving land productivity and income. wherever possible. flowers. (v) High value low volume production approach should be adopted for agricultural. horticultural and similar other crops. industrialization. (vi)All possible moisture conserving agronomic techniques and crop rotations should be utilized to minimize water intensity of crop production. (iv)Forests must be accepted primarily as a source of soil. water conservation and maintaining of good water quality. packaging. marketing and distribution. infrastructure. (vi)The lab–land interface has to be made dynamic and interactive. RCC/Ferro-cement tanks. dighis. A beginning has been made but much more remains to be done. is bound to increase over time. regeneration and additions to forest area. etc. In order to meet foodgrain requirements the Public Distribution System must be strengthened in the region. (iv)Powerless pumps (hydrams). water and air. pucca channels and grassland waterways to minimize seepage and evaporation losses. Forest Management (i) Management of forests must be based on the principles of protection. we can think of commercial uses. In view of the scarcity of good agricultural land in the mountain regions all possible care must be exercised to minimize diversion of such land for other purposes. This strategy will require many other steps towards improving post-harvest technologies. sprinkler and drip irrigation need to be adopted for economizing on the use of water. nullahs. (ix)Water users need to be trained in the management of local level water projects. tourism. nor should agricultural area be expanded. (ii) Joint Forest Management (with local communities) as a principle of forest policy has been accepted by most states in the Himalayan region for government owned ‘reserve’ forests in recent years. (ii) Terracing is very expensive but where terraces already exist these should be levelled and made slightly inward sloping to reduce soil erosion. polythene lined tanks. Hill research is inadequate and needs a farmer-friendly approach. bulbs. Their full participation in local level water management and use is very essential. Full technical support must be provided to local communities for managing their forests. This will require the establishment of spring water sanctuaries. Research results must be proven in farm conditions before extension is attempted.g.(iii)Water harvesting is very important and this can be done both by in-situ retention of moisture in soils and small storage e. Only then can the farmers’/growers’ returns be reasonable and economic. niche development of specified types of hill produce such as off-season vegetables. Agriculture and Horticulture (i) Steep slope agriculture must be phased out.com . (iv)Food self-sufficiency cannot and should not be the objective of agricultural development in hills. (iii)Community forests should be squarely placed in the hands of users and for this purpose local empowered institutions would have to assume responsibilities. Even roof run-off can be easily stored and utilized. It has yet to be implemented effectively in Uttaranchal. nuts. (vii)Water conveyance. The next priority should be given to local needs of people and only then. etc. infiltration wells. should be channelized through closed conduits. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.
The other considerations are to diversify agriculture with major emphasis on cash and horticultural crops for more employment and prosperity. Educational Achievement To keep pace with the growth and development of the society and also considering the needs and priorities for the upliftment of agrarian population the colleges/educational units were established in a phased manner. At that time the College consisted of only two departments. women development. nut-fruits. citrus fruits. All such factors viz. economic. apiculture and associated activities. food processing. (ii) Fodder and feed shortages are acute. tea cultivation and processing would be given top priority. technological which influence agricultural production will be identified and isolated for comprehensive research. The strategies of research in other areas like poultry. veterinary sciences. The total numbers of students were 144 and around half of them were from rural areas. sericulture. priority will also be given on establishment of the centres for research on mango. etc. Vegetable Science. tea production and processing. It provided a unique model for practical training in crop production and has PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.Livestock (i) Quality of livestock in hills is very poor and has to be upgraded through cross-breeding and other means. nutrition and food. (Ag. the Crop Sciences and the Animal Sciences. strawberry. animal husbandry. In doing this exercise diversification of agriculture by incorporating fruits. better management practices. Agronomy. litchi. flowers. The College has made an overwhelming progress through the last four decades. research and extension activities in an integrated manner. Plant Pathology and Soil Science. pome-fruits. Stall feeding should be adopted widely. The animal aspect will also be studied thoroughly under different geographic conditions. stone fruits. The requirements have to be met through varietal improvement. At present there are 12 departments. Entomology.)]. vegetables. 16 Master’s and 13 Ph. flower. Hence. Agricultural communication. The research strategy of Uttaranchal. horticulture. viz.Sc. Agrometeorology . mushroom. forestry. as said earlier. The Agricultural Policy of Uttaranchal The agricultural policy of Uttaranchal has been framed for increasing agricultural production and food security of the State. planting of fodder and fuel trees should be prioritized.com . Horticulture. Food Science and Technology.. College of Agriculture The College of Agriculture registered its first batch of students on 9 July 1960. fishery. The College is running one undergraduate [B. Agricultural Economics. potato. (iii)In all the hill afforestation programmes. programmes. The phasing of colleges was necessary in view of the shortage of funds and manpower.D. vegetable production.fineprint. engineering and technology. aromatic and medicinal plants. to keep the environment pollution free and maintain an ecological balance. It is the largest academic unit of the University engaged in teaching. The State does not have commodity-based research infrastructure. spices. discouragement of open grazing systems and increasing productivity of pastures and forest floors. The horizontal and vertical growth of different colleges and the educational achievement of each college can be learnt from the following description. The Practical Crop Production course was started by the College in 1962 for the first batch of the students. herbal medicinal and aromatic plants. social. Animal Sciences. fisheries. Genetics and Plant Breeding. to make agricultural vocations and technologies women friendly and to manage/utilize agricultural and natural resources on watershed basis for integrated development through agriculture. will be developed based on the needs and problems of different agro-ecosystems. is based on agroclimatic conditions and needs of the farmers residing under different agroclimatic regions. spices.
atomic absorption spectrophotometer. This is the first agricultural college in the country to start Earn While You Learn programme which envisages professional training and work experience.V. irrigation laboratory. Livestock Production and Management.Sc. nutrient deficiency.000/ student) while learning through practical crop production.V. degree programme. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Veterinary Biochemistry. laboratories.H. Thus. College of Veterinary Sciences Established in 1960 as the College of Veterinary Medicine. Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine. In 1996. and A. Physiology and Pharmacology. Parasitology. Pharmacology and Toxicology. A good team is able to earn about Rs 15. Surgery and Radiology and an independent unit of Veterinary Clinic. and Medicine and Surgery. Animal Nutrition. presently the college has 17 departments. The students are grouped into teams. In all 195 credit hours are offered to the undergraduate students excluding the compulsory internship training of 180 days. biocontrol laboratory. Through this programme students are exposed to actual farming situations and application of technology where they experience constraints in management and application of these technologies. Animal Genetics and Breeding. and physiological disorders and soil problems. video production laboratory. it had four departments viz.000–16. The College has been the recipient of three Centres of Advanced Studies. tissue culture laboratory. Plant Pathology and Soil Science guide and supervise the Clinic.fineprint. These 17 departments and veterinary teaching hospital are engaged in teaching 84 courses offered to the undergraduate students of B. insect pests. Entomology Horticulture. oilseeds pathology laboratory. UV spectrophotometer. The laboratories are equipped with modern equipment required for basic and applied research in different departments. The duration of B. Auto Nitrogen Analyzer. and PCRs. Pathology. the College developed some specialized laboratories to undertake research projects. Experienced specialists from the departments of Agronomy.. 2. In 1976 the College was renamed as the College of Veterinary Sciences with 9 departments namely Anatomy and Histology.. degree programme was increased from 4 years to 5 years in 1980 so as to impart internship training and also to improve the standard of education. 7 new departments viz. and Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension were added besides 2 independent units of Veterinary Clinic (veterinary teaching hospital) and Centre of Animal Biotechnology to comprehend the disciplines of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry under one umbrella for integrated education. Livestock Products Technology. besides two independent units. plant clinic laboratory.Sc. getting each 1. research and extension programme as recommended by the Veterinary Council of India (VCI). In recent years. Physiology. HPLC. The post-graduate degree programmes in these departments were started in 1964. Another innovative feature of the agricultural education is the Rural Work Experience Programme of 16 credits which was started in 1992. Gynaecology and Obstetrics.H. The physical facilities of the College comprise of classrooms. Pathology and Hygiene.0 ha land with all the facilities. The course carries a load of four credits spread over two semesters and is offered in the third year of the degree programme. Medicine.000/ha/year (about Rs. Later a department of Public Health was added in 1994. The students do all the operations themselves and are not permitted to employ any labourer. a conference hall and a mini-auditorium.since been adopted by almost all the agricultural universities in the country. and A. Microbiology and Hygiene. residue analysis laboratory. A well-equipped Plant Clinic was also established in the College of Agriculture to expose students to various plant and soil disorders and practice diagnosis and control of major plant diseases.com . These include a food processing laboratory which was remodelled and updated to serve as a pilot plant. • Centre of Advanced Studies in Agricultural Communication • Centre of Advanced Studies in Agronomy • Centre of Advanced Studies in Plant Pathology The College has sophisticated instrumentation facilities such as NMR spectrometer. Anatomy and Histology.
Civil Engineering. Production Engineering and Soil and Water Conservation Engineering. A fully-equipped mini-auditorium is available for organizing seminars and symposia. Farm Machinery and Power Engineering.In addition to the undergraduate degree programme. Computer Engineering. Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. Generally 75% of the total students registered in the post-graduate programme get financial assistance from one or the other sources. horse. laboratory PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. A building has also been constructed for the 7 newly created departments. etc. in 1962.D. The laboratories have been equipped with sophisticated system. There have always been attempts to provide excellent education to the undergraduate and the post-graduate students. The College has now 10 departments viz. 18.16% basic.83% therapeutic subjects. Electronics and Communication Engineering. The departments of Mechanical Engineering. There is one laboratory animal section in the College. Electronics and Communication Engineering and Computer Engineering are housed in the new building besides the central facilities of the College.com . College of Technology The College of Technology. The Indian Council of Agricultural Research has been approached to establish the centres of coordinated and network research projects at this college in the area of animal health and production. An animal instructional farm comprising of the units of goat. Lecture halls in the College have been equipped with necessary teaching aids. The departments of Civil Engineering. 4. 24. Post-Harvest Process and Food Engineering. rabbit and pig is being established. only bachelors programme in Agricultural Engineering was offered. was established in 1962 as the College of Agricultural Engineering with undergraduate programme in Agricultural Engineering. The activities of the college have considerably grown over the period. care.23% production. Post-Harvest Process and Food Engineering. HP liquid chromatography.10% technology. Production Engineering. The College has established the Blue Cross Society of Pantnagar to promote the cause of animal welfare and to educate and motivate the people about prevention of cruelty to animals. currently 7 Bachelors. viz.. • A comprehensive practical training imparted to the students in poultry keeping and forage production involving them in all aspects of production. programmes are being offered. Whereas. degree programmes in Civil Engineering. In 1966.. The College has two main buildings. Mechanical Engineering.Tech. The membership of Equestrian Federation of India for a riding club has been accorded. Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. Mechanical Engineering and Electrical Engineering were added. Electrical Engineering. it was renamed as the College of Technology and B. Previously established 10 departments of the college have their own buildings but alterations/additions are required in them. marketing of products and sharing of the profits making it a successful programme of Earning while Learning.fineprint. and Farm Machinery and Power Engineering are housed in the old college building. microprocessor-based high speed refrigerated centrifuge. Each department has undergraduate and post-graduate laboratories with one or two laboratory assistants in each. 3.56% preventive. Electrical Engineering. The curriculum includes 22.D. degree programme in all the departments. sheep. 10 Masters and 8 Ph. The Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering and the Department of Computer Engineering each have …. the College offers Masters and the Ph. The Central Directorate of NCC has agreed to start a section of Remount and Veterinary Corps at this College. The notable features are : • A well-established Veterinary Clinic with sophisticated equipment including that of the Department of Surgery and Radiology and facilities for diagnosis of disease. Soil and Water Conservation Engineering. close circuit TV.12% public health and 27. National Service Scheme makes students familiar with the rural conditions and helps them • recognize problems of the livestock owners and find ways to solve them. ELISA plate reader. The college is richly endowed with laboratories.
Biological Sciences. • To provide lead in ushering state-of-art techniques and technologies which have direct relevance to agriculture and engineering sciences. Microbiology. immunotechnologies. Physics. Social Sciences and Humanities. environmental sciences and botany (biodiversity) and an M. These are Departments of Biochemistry. • To carry research in frontier areas of those facets of science which can enhance productivity and efficiency. and 12 Master’s programmes relevant to the need of human resource developed in the fields of agriculture and technology. programme in Cold Region Science and Engineering in association with Defence Research and Development Organization are offered with the specific needs of the region. isolation and characterization of microbes and plants. biophysical characterization by fluorescence spectroscopy. photoacoustic spectroscopy. Mathematics. Starting with 2 Master’s programmes in 1963. students in the University. At the undergraduate level the College is sharing a load of up to 16–31% in different undergraduate programmes in the University. radiotracer work. photosynthetic studies. The special features of PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. The College has a basic infrastructure for isolation and purification of micro and macro molecules. Biochemistry. The College runs strong programmes in basic disciplines of Physics. The programmes in agrochemicals (emphasis on biopesticides).com . and massbaur. The College has 10 departments. the College of Home Science comprises five departments: Clothing and Textiles.Sc. At the post-graduate level it offers basic supporting courses and minor courses to a large number of Master’s and Ph. Department of Production Engineering and the Department of Electronics and Communications Engineering have 8 laboratories each. Foods and Nutrition.D.Tech. Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering. College of Home Science Established in 1971. The Department of Post-Harvest Process and Food Engineering and the Department of Electrical Engineering have 11 each besides the Department of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering which has 3 and the Department of Mechanical Engineering has 5 laboratories. Plant Physiology. Another revision in the degree programme was made recently (1998) by incorporating emerging concepts and technologies and again making it a four year programme. A four-year B. polyhouse and green house facilities provide limited-scale micropropagation and plant regeneration from transformed tissue and cell culture. gene isolation.D. Environmental Sciences. Mathematics.Sc. The College has the following responsibilities: • To teach basic courses both at undergraduate and post-graduate levels to the students of different faculties and specializations. In 1986 a three-year B. It has a basic facility for instrument repairs. Chemistry. Home Science degree programme was formulated after revising the courses. Home Science degree programme was started in 1971 both for science and arts stream for which students after passing class X were admitted. Chemistry.fineprint. Microbiology and Plant Physiology and applied and interdisciplinary modern programmes in Biotechnology and Computer Sciences. The concept of central facility is in vogue right from the inception and permits uninhibited access to these facilities to all the workers. Tissue culture unit replete with growth chamber. phytohormone assays. gene sequencing.whereas the Department of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. College of Basic Sciences and Humanities The School of Basic Sciences and Humanities was established in the University in 1963 which was upgraded to the status of a college in 1971. Statistics and Computer Science. genetic transformation. The College provides computer assistance in data analysis and modelling. The environment impact analysis lab facilities have won recognition from the Ministry of Environment and Forests. Family Resource Management. Human Development and Family Studies. their spectral and molecular characterization. the College has now 8 Ph. Department of Civil Engineering. and Home Science Extension.
basic supporting courses and courses of related minor disciplines. The Post-Graduate programmes have an inter-disciplinary approach of education with a unique advisory committee system to guide students to take courses related to their area of interest. The Department of Family Resource Management has Interior Decoration Laboratory. Fish Processing Technology and Fisheries Extension Education and Social Sciences. The Department of Human Development and Family Studies has a Nursery School for children for 2½–3 years in age and a Community Nursery School located in a rural area.Sc. Family Resource Management and Human Development and Family Studies. fish processing technology and fisheries extension along with intensive practical training in fish production. The B.the curriculum are the incorporation of vocational electives in the four basic areas of Home Science and rural work experience and training in the final year of the programme. Aquaculture and Fishery Biology till 1997. limnology. The departments of the College have well-equipped laboratories.F. fin-fish and shell-fish production. etc. The Department of Foods and Nutrition has Catering Laboratory. Household Equipment Laboratory and Household Production Laboratory. fish biodiversity and conservation..The College also caters to the need of research and extension in the inland fisheries sector in the states of north India. executes UG and PG degree programmes in fishery sciences to develop professionally trained manpower for the development and management of aquaculture and fisheries sectors . established in the year 1985.) in Aquaculture and Fishery Biology in 1994–95. Entrants to this programme were allowed from both science and Home Science background. Textile Laboratory.) was started in 1985–86 with the establishment of the College of Fishery Sciences. The College also offers Master’s level courses in four disciplines namely Foods and Nutrition. fishery engineering. A practical fish production programme split over two semesters provides the students an opportunity to apply the principles of production dynamics of aquatic ecosystem into fish culture technology and make them fully competent to carry out fish production independently. The undergraduate programme includes field practicals based on rural family and household situations and the courses have a built-in rural bias. fish breeding and genetics. The College was running with only two departments viz.F..F. The course programme of Post-graduate students consists of core courses. Nutrition Laboratory and Product Development Laboratory. fishery biology. A four-year degree programme (B. 12 laboratories including 1 computer lab. As many as 65 graduates have won the ICAR Junior Fellowship in the All-India competition.fineprint. feed. 1 PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. The main building of the College has 4 lecture halls.Sc. were added to fulfil the needs of the professional courses and for the success of the aquaculture programme. Clothing and Textiles. when three more departments viz. indent programme which was prepared in 1984. The professional courses include those in aquaculture. The College initiated Master’s programme (M. Textile Testing Laboratory and Weaving Laboratory. fish nutrition.Sc. fishery hydrography. In the compulsory field training in brackishwater and marine fish and fish processing in the eighth semester of the degree programme the students are given practical training in the lead research institutes and fishery colleges in the coastal states. seed production and marine and brackishwater fisheries.. College of Fishery Science The College of Fishery Sciences. Laundry Laboratory. aquaculture engineering. Fishery Hydrography. to produce highly competent fishery graduates to meet the requirements of fish and the fishery sector . has been completely overhauled and revised. The high-level education imparted to the students makes them highly efficient to carry professional work in culture. The Home Science Extension Department has a well–developed Audio-Visual Aids Laboratory. The College has a good basic infrastructure including an instructional farm. The new programme gives emphasis to professional courses pertaining to fish processing technology.com . seed and post-harvest industries in the private sector. Six students of the college have been awarded the coveted and prestigious Chancellor’s Gold Medal. The Department of Clothing and Textiles has Clothing Laboratory.
College of Agribusiness Management The College of Agribusiness Management (CABM) was established in 1996 to enhance the managerial competence in Agribusiness sector of the country. The College also has an Instructional Fish Farm covering about 7. The college has presently an air-conditioned committee room. an Information Technology Management Laboratory and rooms for the members of the Faculty and the office staff. disease diagnostic and health management. Vegetable Science. library. Other facilities include duck-cum-fish culture pond.Sc. Watershed Management and Hill Agriculture. rearing and stock ponds. It is situated near Ranichauri village in Tehri Garhwal district about 70 Km away from Rishikesh. with the implementation of NARP Phase I during 1983–88 research and infrastructure capabilities were strengthened and expanded to newer areas. Forestry. extension and educational needs of the region. 1 aquarium room. and Seed Science and Technology have been started from 1992. Forestry programme to generate trained professionals in forestry and environmental protection. The following academic units have been created in the college : Departments : Agricultural Finance Management Agricultural Marketing Management Agricultural Production Management Centres : Counselling and Placement Management Development Programme Business Management Clinic Information Technology Management The College became functional with the launching of MBA (Agribusiness) programme in July. Social Science. The Ph.fineprint. College of Forestry and Hill Agriculture The Hill Campus of the University was established in 1973 to cater to agricultural research. integrated fish farming. The Campus was formally inaugurated in 1976 by the then Chief Minister Shri N. The altitude of the campus varies from 1600 to 2200 m above msl. fish reproductive biology. The College initiated a four-year B. Presently 8 departments have been established to cater to the needs of education. 1998. etc. laboratory rooms.D. There are 21 nursery ponds. paddy-cum-fish culture pond and students’ fish production pond. named MDP Hall.com . College of Post-Graduate Studies The College of Post-Graduate Studies started functioning in the year 1963 with Master’s Programmes in 12 departments of Agriculture and Basic Sciences. Activities of other academic units have also started. post-graduate programmes in three disciplines viz. 1 information centre and other accessory rooms..0 ha area in the form of nursery. space for different centres. Horticulture. The College needs strengthening with infrastructure facilities like classrooms. Subsequently. Subsequently.D. one classroom. The College of Forestry and Hill Agriculture was established at the campus during 1986. Tiwari. A fish seed hatchery spread in 8 ha area with a capacity of producing 4 crore fish seed per year has been added to the infrastructure of the college in 2001. Seed Science and Technology. 4 rearing/brood ponds and 6 stock ponds and some small pools for conducting short-term experiments. It is the youngest faculty of the University and the first of its kind in the entire SAU/ICAR system of India. The campus is located between 300 15' N and 780 30' E and represents mid and high hill situations. staff rooms. The College has specific laboratories catering to the important disciplines of fish nutrition. For about 10 years the campus functioned with rudimentary staff and infrastructure facilities. transport. programmes PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. communication aids. Basic Science. soil and water analysis.committee room. fish processing technology and fishery extension. Vegetable Science. There is a Mangur rearing unit having cemented tanks with temperature and photoperiod control systems. Two tubewells are installed at the farm site for regular supply of water. with sufficient fish stock. These are: Departments of Horticulture.
3. The deficiency of a student is removed by offering him remedial courses. Fisheries. The faculty of post-graduate studies consists of those departments of other faculties which offer post-graduate courses. degree level. 6.D. Veterinary Sciences. Academic session completely regularized with 200 teaching days.D. The courses are divided into core. programmes were added in the seventies. Veterinary Sciences. This is an important college of the University having students for Master’s and Ph. The ratio between the course work and thesis research is 2:1 with a minimum of 45 credit hours at Master’s degree level and 1:1 with a minimum of 60 credit hours at the Ph. Agriculture Veterinary Sciences Technology Home Science Fishery Forestry and Hill Agriculture Basic Sciences and Humanities Agri-Business Management Post-graduate Studies Total *Post-graduate programmes of all the colleges constitute the programmes of the College of PostGraduate Studies. 9. Basic Sciences and Humanities.D. the College is spread over in the departments of Colleges of Agriculture. The University follows a multi-disciplinary approach and students are allowed to choose courses considering their relevance and interest. Hill Agriculture and Forestry. through the Deans of different faculties and the Heads of the Departments of the colleges.D. In the sixties 30 Master’s and 10 Ph. Fishery Sciences. Technology.commenced in 1965. Six Master’s and 14 Ph. For a post-graduate degree.D. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.D. 8. Admissions available in 12 undergraduate and 121 post-graduate programmes managed by 72 departments. 4. Emphasis on rural work experience. 7.fineprint. Forestry and Hill Agriculture. Accordingly. 2. degree in 51 subjects. Entire UG and PG syllabus upgraded to give latest information in different subjects.No. Home Science.. viz. All Master’s and Ph.com . every student has to study a package of courses and do research work and write a thesis. The first agricultural university to start ‘Earn While You Learn’ programme through practical courses. Agri-Business Management and Basic Sciences and Humanities. 8 Master’s and 4 Ph. Technology. College Departments Undergraduate Master’s Ph. degree programmes. Nearly all post-graduate students avail one or the other form of financial assistance. programmes were offered. Admission through All-India competitive examination.D. basic supporting. The College has grown both in size and stature over the last 36 years. degree programmes offered by the University are coordinated by the Dean. programmes Programmes Programmes 12 17 10 05 05 08 10 03 – 70 1 1 7 1 1 1 – – – 12 17 19 12 04 02 03 12 01 70* 70 16 16 9 01 01 – 8 – 51* 51 1. Agriculture. optional and minor packages. The Colleges of the University offer 12 undergraduate and 121 post-graduate programmes through their 70 departments under various disciplines which are as follows: S.D. Now the College offers Master’s degree in 70 and Ph. • • • • • • • Academic Highlights Fully residential university with 9 constituent colleges.D. 5. programmes in the nineties. College of Post-Graduate Studies. Post-Graduate Studies and Agribusiness Management. programmes in the eighties and 27 Master’s and 24 Ph. Home Science.
Poultry Husbandry Rural Banking and Agriculture Economics Ph. Agribusiness Hill Agriculture M. Food Technology Ph. On-campus interviews for placement of students.A. Agricultural Economics Agronomy Agrometeorology Animal Breeding Master’s and Master’s and Master’s Master’s and Master’s and Master’s Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s Master’s Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s Master’s Master’s Master’s Master’s and Master’s Ph. Dairy Husbandry Development Communication Ph. Entomology Ph. Plant Pathology Ph. Animal Nutrition Ph. Various post-graduate programmes offered by different colleges of the University. Agriculture Ph. e-mail and internet connectivity.500 periodicals. (Agribusiness) Horticulture Seed Science and Technology Vegetable Science Agricultural Chemicals Agriculture Statistics Basic Science Ph.B.D.D. Ph.D.D. College Programme Master’s/Ph. Soil Science Ph.D.fineprint.D.• • • • • Admission open for NRI and NRI-sponsored students.D. Liberal education as an integral part of professional degree programmes.D.D.D. 15% seats reserved for rural girls to strengthen women development programmes. Horticulture Ph. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Vegetable Science Ph.D.D. Well-equipped library having over 3 lakh books and 1. Genetics and Plant Breeding Ph.D. CD-ROM.D.D.com .
Botany Computer Science Environmental Science Ph.D. Mathematics Ph.D. Microbiology Ph.D. Physics Ph.D. Plant Physiology Ph.D. Biochemistry Ph.D. Home Science Child Development Clothing and Textiles Family Resource Management Food and Nutrition Human Nutrition
Master’s Master’s Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s Master’s Master’s Master’s Master’s and
Ph.D. Fisheries Science Technology
Aquaculture Master’s Fishery Biology Master’s Electrical Energy System Master’s Electrical Engineering Ph.D. Electronics and Communication Master’s Farm Machinery and Power Engineering Master’s and Food Biotechnology Engineering Master’s Hydraulics Engineering
Master’s and (contd. on next page)
Irrigation and Drainage Engineering Ph.D. Process and Food Engineering Ph.D.
Master’s and Master’s and
Design and Production Engineering Master’s Production Engineering Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering Ph.D. Soil Mechanics and Farm Engineering Master’s Soil and Water Conservation Engineering Master’s and Ph.D. Structural Engineering Ph.D. Veterinary Science Ph.D. Ph.D. Thermal Science Anatomy Genetics and Animal Breed. Master’s Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and
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Animal Nutrition Ph.D. Biochemistry Ph.D. Medicine Ph.D. Animal Husbandry Extension Public Health Ph.D.
Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s Master’s and
Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine Master’s Gynaecology and Obstetrics Master’s and Ph.D. Microbiology Ph.D. Parasitology Ph.D. Pathology Ph.D. Pharmacology and Toxicology Ph.D. Physiology Ph.D. Surgery and Radiology Ph.D. Livestock Production and Management Livestock Products Technology Poultry Science Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Cold Region Science and Engineering (In collaboration with SASE/DRDO) Seed Science and Technology Master’s Master’s Master’s Master’s and Master’s Ph.D. Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and
Multidisciplinary Ph.D. Programmes
Years in which different Master’s and Ph.D. degree programmes were started in the University Year Master’s Programme
1963 Agricultural Economics, Agronomy, Animal Breeding, Animal Nutrition, Biochemistry, Dairy Husbandry, Development Communication, Horticulture, Microbiology, Plant Pathology, Poultry Husbandry, Soil Science. 1964 Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Veterinary Microbiology and Immunology, Veterinary Parasitology, Veterinary Pharmacology, Veterinary Physiology, Veterinary Surgery and Radiology. 1965 1965Veterinary Anatomy, Veterinary Epidemiology and Public Health, Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Pathology. 1966 Genetics and Plant Breeding 1968 Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Process and Food Engineering, Soil and Water Conservation Engineering 1969 Structural Engineering
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1970 1974 1975 1976 1983 1984 1986 1987 1988 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1998
1999 2000 Year 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1972 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1983 1984 1985 1993 1994 1995
Entomology, Hydraulic Engineering Mathematics, Physics Plant Physiology Food Technology Design and Production Engineering, Rural Banking and Agricultural economics Clothing and Textile, Foods and Nutrition Agricultural Chemicals, Agricultural Statistics, Thermal Science Environmental Sciences Electrical Energy Systems Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (a multidisciplinary programme) Horticulture, Seed Science and Technology, Vegetable Science (at Hill Campus, Ranichauri) Child Development, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Family Resource Management, Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering Agriculture Botany Agrometeorology, Cold Region Science and Engineering (a multidisciplinary programme), Computer Science, Vegetable Science Fish Biology, Food Biotechnology Engineering Agribusiness Management, Veterinary Animal Breeding, Veterinary Animal Nutrition, Veterinary Biochemistry, Veterinary Animal Husbandry Extension, Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Livestock Production and Management, Livestock Products Technology and Poultry Science Agroforestry, Floriculture-landscaping Animal Biotechnology, Veterinary Economics Ph.D. Programme Animal Breeding Genetics and Plant Breeding, Plant Pathology Soil Science, Veterinary Physiology Agronomy, Biochemistry, Microbiology Veterinary Anatomy Agricultural Economics Veterinary Microbiology and Immunology, Veterinary Pathology Horticulture, Veterinary Parasitology Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Process and Food Engineering, Soil and Water Conservation Engineering Animal Nutrition, Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Pharmacology, Veterinary Surgery and Radiology Entomology, Farm Machinery and Power Engineering Electrical Engineering Food Technology, Plant Physiology Physics Mechanical Engineering Development Communication Hydraulic Engineering, Mathematics, Structural Engineering Agricultural Chemicals, Environmental Sciences, Human Nutrition, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (a multidisciplinary programme), Vegetable Science, Veterinary Epidemiology and Public Health, Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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Seed Science and Technology (a multidisciplinary programme) Veterinary Animal Breeding, Veterinary Animal Nutrition, Veterinary Biochemistry 1999 Floriculture-Landscaping, Fisheries Resource Management 2000 Agrometeorology, Poultry Husbandry, Dairy Husbandry, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Poultry Science, Livestock Production and Management
Salient Research Achievements
The University is actively engaged in research covering all the disciplines of agriculture and allied subjects. The research priorities of the university during the last 40 years are given below: • Development of new varieties of crops, vegetables, fruits, spices, fodder, etc., resistant to different diseases coupled with high yield through conventional breeding and biotechnological methods. • Development of cropping systems so as to sustain the natural resources such as water, temperature, soil health and ecological balance. • Integrated plant nutrient management with particular reference to micronutrient management and organic recycling. • Judicious water management to counter the fast depleting groundwater resources. • Integrated pest (insects, diseases and weeds) management with emphasis on biological control to maintain ecological balance. • Evolving varieties of crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers, etc. to suit export requirements. • Development of machines and tools for all categories of farmers. • Improvement of farm animals through advanced breeding techniques for milk, meat and drought purposes. • Improvement in milk production and productivity through adequate and balanced feeding, proper management and health care. • Exploiting aquatic productivity through the latest scientific techniques. • Appropriate post-harvest technologies to save farm produce from losses and to process them for better market acceptability/value addition. • Socio-economic studies to help facilitate technology generation, transfer and adoption. • Development of farm machines for substitution of labour-intensive operation. The off-campus research centres have priorities specific to their local conditions. For instance, Hill Campus, Ranichauri, emphasizes on the development of varieties and technologies for off-season vegetables, temperate fruits, herbs and ornamental plants and diversification of agriculture with special emphasis on Angora rabbit, poultry, dairy, sericulture, mushroom production and watershed management; and Western Campus, Modipuram, has a mandate on the improvement of Murrah buffalo in addition to the development of sugarcane-based cropping system. The most distinguished Breeder Seed Production Unit operating on the concept of single window system to ensure production, processing, storage and marketing from a single point has been operative in the University since last 15 years. The unit is fully mechanized and equipped with modern seed processing plant and equipment. The breeder seed produced at this centre is in great demand by the seed production agencies in the public and the private sectors all over the country. At present 37 All-India Coordinated Research Projects financed by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, 232 competitive (Ad-hoc) Research Projects financed by the ICAR, UP Council of Agriculture Research, Diversified Agricultural Support Project and other
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organizations including university-funded projects are in progress. Thus, a total of 269 research projects covering various disciplines are being implemented. Salient achievements in various fields are summarized below.
The University is engaged in the breeding and development of high-yielding, diseaseresistant superior varieties of crop plants since 1960. Till now, over 150 varieties have been released, of which 55 varieties in 23 crops were released in the last decade. Pantnagar falls under the sub-tropical humid hot conditions of the Tarai belt of Uttar Pradesh, now Uttaranchal and has also been recognized as a hot spot of major diseases and insect pests of crop plants. This has facilitated a large-scale screening of germplasm and segregation generation in different crop plants under field conditions. Thus, most of the varieties of Pant Varsity combine high-yield potential together with resistance to major diseases and insect pests, leading to their wider adaptability and acceptance by the farmers. Crop varieties released by Pant Varsity during the last 40 years are listed in the following table.
Crop Wheat Rice Maize Pulses Soybean Oilseeds Forage crops Sugarcane Small millets Cotton Vegetables Spices Fruits Sugarbeet Poplar Flower
No. of Varieties released 16 11 11 20 14 6 14 3 9 3 22 8 12 1 1 1
Wheat : Pantnagar has been in the forefront of a wheat revolution by developing 16 highyielding and disease-resistant varieties and making their quality seed available to a large number of farmers throughout the country. Kalyansona (Sona-227) and Sonalika (RR-21) played important roles in the initial phase of the green revolution. UP 301 and UP 215 were grown not only by farmers of UP but also of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. UP 2003 and UP 262 became predominant varieties and contributed greatly in enhancing the productivity of wheat in Uttar Pradesh. UP 262 is known for its excellent grain and chapatimaking qualities and has crossed the national boundaries and is cultivated in Nepal, Bangladesh and Thailand also. A medium duration wheat variety UP 1109 has a high degree of rust resistance along with a high yield. Another promising variety from Pantnagar, UP 2338, with a yield potential of 70 q/ha has multiple disease resistance and has replaced HD 2329 and HD 2285 varieties in the northwestern plains zone. In a short span of time, the variety has become very popular with the farmers of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab. UP 2425 has been released as the most suitable bold-seeded variety for late planting in the north-western plains zone. A high-yielding variety, UP 2382, has also been released for timely-sown conditions and is resistant to new yellow rust (Yr–9).
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Kranti and PT 303. Navin. Oilseeds : Kranti and Krishna varieties of mustard and PT 303. This university was the first to recognize the value of wild soybean (Glycine forosana) as a source of resistance to yellow mosaic virus and to the Bihar hairy caterpillar (preferential mechanism). Kanchan. PK 416. In the hybrid breeding programme. PK 1092 and PK 1029. It has also developed one full-season white-grained hybrid Ganga 4. having an opaque–2 gene. the first national varieties of mustard and toria. have resistance to bacterial pustules and to yellow mosaic virus which was a major threat to cultivation of soybean in the early seventies in the northern plains. BLSB and stalk rot. Krishna. respectively. released by the Central Variety Release Committee. Protina. PK 564. Shweta. disease-resistant varieties of early to mid-early duration. successfully overcame the problem of yield barrier in rice. West Bengal. This centre is also pioneering in the work on developing-waterlogging tolerant maize cultivars for value-added maize products like Baby Corn and is also responsible for the production of breeder seed of inbreds CM 300. suitable for an irrigated transplanted situation in the plains (Pant Dhan 10. By now 11 rice varieties have been released and six are in the pipeline. Pant Sankar Dhan 1. matures in 75 days and has an yield potential of 40 q/ha. has been released which has not only high yield potential even under low input management situations but also tolerance to Alternaria and aphids and resistance to white rust disease. Shweta.. is being cultivated in large areas in western India and is also being used as a donor parent in hybridization. the composite Surya. A series of composites. The total number of released varieties of maize is 11. PT 507 is the only national variety released for unirrigated conditions of the country and is popular in UP. namely. Soybean : Pantnagar is a leading main centre of AICRP on soybean and stands first among all the centres/SAUs by breeding and releasing the highest number of 14 varieties. Kiran. Navin. PK 1042. PK 1024. Release of short-duration variety. Pant Dhan 12) and hills (Pant Dhan 6 and Pant Dhan 11) brought a significant change in improving the crop productivity and also the cropping pattern of north western Uttar Pradesh.com . a bold-seeded and aphid-tolerant variety. Due to its early duration of 115 days the hybrid is most suitable in the rice–wheat cropping system predominant in the entire Indo-Gangetic plains. Bihar. with multiple resistance against diseases and pests by the CVRC in 1989 ensured multiple cropping and a greater yield stability in the region. are adopted throughout the country and are being used as national checks in All-India Coordinated Trials and State Varietal Trials of respective crops. thereby increasing the total income of the farmers. The number of Pantnagar soybean varieties especially those released in the recent year viz. Pantnagar has developed one of the first early-maturing single cross hybrid named Asha which matures in 85 days and has an yield potential of 50 q/ha.Rice : Release of high-yielding. Govind. D 765 and Surya. CM 600 and early composites Tarun. etc. PT 30 and PT 507 varieties of toria developed at Pantnagar are outstanding among a total of 6 varieties released. Release of the first public sector bred hybrid rice variety. Pulses : This university has played a very significant role by developing 20 varieties of different pulse crops possessing high-yielding potential coupled with high degree of resistance to various diseases. It has resistance to BSDM. Maize : Pantnagar has developed a nutritionally superior variety of maize. D 765 and Surya have been developed with earliness in the range of 75–85 days. Tarun. including irrigated conditions. The recently released two composites Amar and Gaurav have better disease resistance and higher yield. Orissa.fineprint. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. CM 400. In Karan mustard a prominent variety. Kanchan.
The UPO 94 oat is specially suitable for grazing as it has a quick regeneration capacity thereby yielding 450 q/ha green fodder. Lemon :Pant Lemon 1 Papaya :Pant Papaya 1 and Pant Papaya 2 PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Out of the 5 sorghum varieties. 5 in sorghum.5% in March. Haryana and Bihar as it gives high yield up to 3 ratoon crops. All Pantnagar cowpea varieties are outstanding in respect to their green fodder yield (400 q/ha) and are resistant to stem and root rot. anthracnose. Pant G 114 is suitable for late-sown conditions yielding 20–25 q/ha. Pant Moong 4 has been released for north-eastern plains zones. UPU 9-40-4 developed by this university was released as Manikya in Karnataka and is very popular in that State.The pigeonpea cultivar. Pant L 639 and Pant L 4 are resistant to wilt and rust. The berseem variety UPB 10 is resistant to stalk rot and produces high green fodder (750 q/ha) due to fast regeneration of multiple branches even after several cuttings (5–6). an early-maturing variety. Sugarcane : Three varieties have been released and some more lines are in the pipeline. A mid-season maturing variety Co Pant 84212 with high cane yield (800–850 q/ha).fineprint. UPAS 120. anthracnose and leaf blight. Being non-lodging it is suitable for low -lying areas. It is also suitable for growing even under lowlying conditions. Pant L 406 is suitable for the late-sown condition. 2 in oats and 1 in berseem. It matures in 10–11 months in December and records high sugar recovery of 9. are resistant to yellow mosaic disease and yield 10–15% higher than Type 9. Among rabi pulses. The most recent cowpea variety UPC 8705 is of dual purpose and is resistant to seed shattering. The two Pantnagar oat varieties are multicut in which UPO 212 has a dual. Pant U 19 and Pant U 30. Pant G 186 released in 1996 for UP is an improvement of Pant G 114. It is the only variety released for the southern zone of the country because of its resistance to stalk rot. The latest released high-yielding variety Co Pant 90223 has a high sugar content and is resistant to red rot. Pantnagar sugarcane Co Pant 84211. The powdery mildew resistant variety Pant Pea 5 is very popular in UP. is widely cultivated in UP both in kharif and zaid and yields 12–15 q/ha. Lentil varieties Pant L 234.5 to 13 percent. high yield (750 q/ha) and red rot disease resistance. seedling blight and pod borer. has high sugar content. high sugar content and resistance to diseases has been adopted by the farmers in Punjab. is also very promising. is suitable for pigeonpea–wheat rotation and is highly popular in the north-west-plains of India. It has an yield potential of 15 q/ha with uniform maturity of pods in 60–65 days along with resistance to yellow mosaic and Cercospora leaf spot diseases.purpose producing 550 q/ha green fodder and 15 q/ha grain for animal feed. Pant U-35. Out of four varieties of mungbean Pant Moong 22 is widely cultivated in northern India both in kharif and zaid seasons. Pant Chari 3 and Pant Chari 4 are much better than other varieties of the country yielding 450 q/ha green fodder with 7–8% and 60–70% digestibility along with resistance to shoot borer. Pant L 4 is also resistant to blight disease. Horticulture • Following varieties of different fruits have been developed by the University. Pant L 406. It records a sugar recovery of above 9% in October which increases in the following months to a maximum of 12. The latest variety. Pant Chari 5. Forage : The University has released a total of 14 varieties in forage crops including 6 in cowpea. Blackgram varieties. 5 varieties of chickpea have been released.com . besides giving 400 q/ha green fodder and 8–9 q/ha seed yield.
etc. • Paclobutrazol induces branching in pears. plum. Pant T 3 Chilli : Pant C1 Frenchbean : Pant Anupama. Pruning.fineprint. Pant Matar 3. • Control of fruit cracking in litchi by spraying water in May–June and fruit cracking in lemon by 8% potassium sulphate spray in April–June have been recommended. Pant Gobhi 2. As a result of pruning the winter crop was of high quality. pear. reduced excessive upright growth. Pant Bean 2 Brinjal : Pant Samrat. cutting. Pant Khira 1 Ridgegourd : Pant Torai 1 Bitter gourd : Pant Karela 1 Kakri : Pant Kakri 1 Ajwain : Pant Ruchika Garlic : Pant Lohit Fenugreek : Pant Ragani Black cumin : Pant Krishna Bael : Pant Shivani. Syngonium. Pant Brinjal 4 Vegetable pea : Pant Uphar. Cauliflower : Pant Shubra. • Pollinizers for mango. • The production technology of recommended varieties of fruits was standardized together with their propagation. citrus. fetching about Rs 30. Pant Rituraj. Propagation and cultural practices of commercial ornamentals and medicinal and aromatic • crop plants have also been standardized. strawberry Daeffenbachia. soon after crop harvest. followed by paclobutrazol application controlled alternate bearing and malformation. Pant Gobhi 4 Tomato : Pant Bahar. • The technology to shift the rainy season crops to the winter season in guava by shoot pruning to one pair of leaves or by 800 ppm NAA spray twice in the first fortnight of May produced 180 q/ha quality fruits as compared to poor quality fruits in the rainy season without pruning. Pant andPantUrvashi Guava : Pant Prabhat Pear : Pant Pear 17 Karonda: PantSudarshan. Pant Sankar Lauki2 Cucumber : Pant Sankar Khira 1.000 additional income per ha to growers. New methods of aonla propagation viz. pear and citrus were identified which gave tremendous boost to fruit production. Pant Gobhi 3. was developed. Pant Sujata ManoharandPant Suvarna PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Commercial yield of 100 q/ha in Dashehari and Amrapali were obtained in the fifth year of planting. jackfruit.com . Pant Sabji Matar 4 Coriander : Pant Haritima Bottlegourd : Pant Sankar Lauki 1. growth control. Pant Brinjal Hybrid 1. veneer grafting and chip budding were developed. Vegetables • A good number of varieties have been developed by the University in various vegetable crops.• High-density planting of Dashehari yielded 300–350 q/ha/yr as compared to 100 q/ha/yr in normal density in the 15–20th year. • The year round propagation in mango by veneer grafting under greenhouse conditions was standardized.. enhanced productivity (360–540 q/ha) and improved fruit quality. Pant Matar 2. crop regulation and protection.Pant Aparna. • Micropropagation technique for guava.
− In standing crops. − Wheat can be established on wet soil by surface seeding by Pant zero-till ferti-seed drill after the harvest of rice.0 g a. Cowpea (fodder)–toria–wheat sequence was most remunerative./ha in combination with anilophos at 200 g a. Application of 20 kg sulphur per ha produced higher yield of chickpea over no application. capsicum (planted in Sep–Oct) and tomato (planted in November) yielded 17 kg. Production technology for large-scale manufacture of PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. − Metsulfuronmethyl at 2 g a.i. • Sowing of early-maturing vegetable pea varieties like Arkel from the end of October to the middle of November.i. Kiran produced higher seed yield over Brassica juncea. Some of the important ones are : − Green manuring and FYM application has been found beneficial in rice–wheat farming system.) increased significantly due to sucker treatment with GA 3 (40 mg/liter).fineprint./ha with 0. Ratoon responded up to 150 kg nitrogen per ha.i. − Soybean–wheat was a more remunerative system than soybean–lentil. Horti–pastoral system and growing of grasses on terrace riser have been found beneficial for hills. Increased nitrogen-use efficiency was recorded by spray of 2% urea on soybean.Fennel : Pant Madhurika Turmeric : Pant Peetabh • The protected cultivation of cucumber (sown in October). − Higher doses of nitrogen and phosphorus application in rice and wheat was found profitable which will serve as a safeguard to increase productivity to meet the future food demand. respectively in low-cost polyhouses and gave high profits due to off-season production. conclusively established that by crop management through NPK fertilizers and FYM. micronutrient deficiency and crop yield. Mustard + Lentil (1:5) intercropping combination produced higher seed yield equivalent to mustard alone. the productivity in rice–wheat cropping system can be sustained and dependence on NPK fertilizers alone will lead to substantial decline in soil organic matter. • PMR 1 was recognized as most efficient rhizobial strain for various pulse crops under different agroclimatic conditions. sorghum + cowpea–berseem + oat–maize + cowpea gave maximum forage yield./ha gave high degree control of grasses.com . distillery affluents can be used conjunctively with freshwater in 1:5 ratio as it has a beneficial effect on crop productivity. • Emphasis has been given on development of cost-effective production technologies of newly released varieties of different crops. − Planting of pigeonpea on ridges produced higher yield than over flat bed planting.2% surfactant as tank mixture effectively controlled grassy as well as non-grassy weeds in wheat. soybean–mustard and soybean–gram sequence. − Application of sugarcane trash as mulch in ratoon crop registered nearly 30 q/ha improvement in the cane yield. sedges and non-grasses in transplanted rice. Metsulfuronmethyl at 4. − Multicut variety 855 F (Hara Sona of Sorghum) gave 29% more fodder yield. − Forage cropping sequence. − Oil yield of Japanese mint (Mentha arvensis L. Soil Management • The long-term fertilizer experiments in Tarai soils. An increasing trend in seed yield of mustard was recorded with the addition of 40 kg sulphur per ha. 10 kg and 20 kg/m2 fruits. Arkel was found to be highly susceptible to pea stem fly at a higher temperature in early sowing resulting in poor yield. Brassica carinata var. Polyhouse also proved very useful for raising seedlings in winter to early summer of zaid vegetables. − Under rainfed situations. mid-maturity varieties like Pant Uphar from fourth week of October to mid-November and late-maturing varieties like New Line Perfection from mid-October to mid-November was recommended.
Mushroom Production–A Low-cost Agro-industry A mushroom research centre established by the University has made a great impact on popularizing cultivation of button mushrooms in the UP hills as well as in the plains through its extensive research. Planting of maize a fortnight before the onset of the monsoon has been found quite effective in avoiding the ill effects of waterlogging in maize. About 45% saving in the fertilizer nutrients (over the general recommended doses) was demonstrated for various crops through soil testing in three adopted development blocks (Bhojipura. Improved technologies for commercial cultivation were developed and transferred to the growers. Economic foraging ranges of Indian and Italian honeybees were worked for effective pollination and increased crop productivity. For the first time Pantnagar scientists were able to train wild honeybees to forage on specific agricultural and horticultural crops. Farmer awareness programmes for the adoption of Italian honeybees for higher honey yield and effective crop pollination. Albigia and acacia has been collected and maintained for their evaluation as food. fuel. banded blight and Erwinia stalk rot of maize. Quality spawn and mushroom cultures are being supplied to small mushroom growers and industrial units. smut and wilt of PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. late blight. climate and crop parameters for different groundwater-table situations was evolved for various crops. blast. sissoo. A regular training programme on mushroom cultivation is being organized for a batch of 20–25 trainees each year. downy mildews.• • • • Rhizobium inoculants using locally available materials (FYM) and poultry manure has been developed. 30% soil samples were found sulphur deficient. Detailed soil surveys and development of soil maps of Nainital. multiple disease control in wheat. A comprehensive irrigation schedule based on soil moisture. Badaun. A conceptual model of soil nitrogen-dynamics for evaluating different nitrogen management strategies under diverse conditions for optimizing input-use efficiency and maximizing rice yield has been developed. sheath blight and sheath rot of rice. In the plains of UP. teak. Moradabad and Rampur districts were made for assessment of soil resources and planning agricultural activities.com . Cost-effective management strategies were developed for scab and powdery mildew of apple. common scab and black scurf of potato. Crop Health Disease management A solution to Khaira disease of rice converted the entire Tarai area from non-rice producing to one of the most important rice-producing areas of the country. have been launched. red rot. A Rhizobium strain for frenchbean has also been isolated. The agroforestry research work has created a consciousness of trees among the farmers. Apiculture for Landless Honeybee research opened new opportunities for diversification of agriculture. Chamrova and Bhimtal). early and late blight of tomato. After careful screening of more than 350 maize germplasm. training and support activities. fodder and other products. botrytis gray mold of chickpea. timber. Agroforestry A large amount of germplasm of more than 100 tree species such as poplar. Poplar-based cropping system is widely adopted in the area of responsibility of the University due to high economic returns. Four high-yielding strains of Agaricus bisporus were identified and recommended for commercial cultivation. The researches at Pantnagar have also proved that salix in comparison to other forest species is more conducive and beneficial to grow in rice–wheat farming system specially in waterlogged areas. 80 were identified as tolerant to waterlogging. increased income and higher on-farm yield in cross pollinated crops. purple blotch of onion seed crop.fineprint. Benefit/cost ratio for soil test-based fertilizer use ranged from 158 to 1289.
appropriate N:K ratio and 1–2 spray of ipridione/mancozeb fungicide.sugarcane. Pantnagar has been a pioneer in the field of ecology of soil-borne plant pathogens and biological control and their integration with other management strategies. Bunchy top and floral malformation of mango were demonstrated for the first time. • Method for nuclear staining in fungi using DNA-intercalating fluorochrome. apple scab. • Biochromatographic technique for the detection of organotin fungicides was recognized by Pesticide India Award. Multiple disease management strategies in rapeseed-mustard consisted of integrating the use of early-maturing Alternaria-tolerant variety (such as Divya mustard). The University has done pioneering work on the mechanism of systemicity of xenobiotics in plants. This work was recognized by Professor M. and Alternaria leaf spot. Mechanism of uptake. This pioneer findings would have a lot of bearing on breeding for downy mildew resistance in rapeseedmustard.K. and binding of carbendazim by plant’s chemical constituents in mango was investigated and correlated with its failure to eradicate Fusarium sp. Narasimhan Academic Merit Award and twice by pesticide India Award. Meteorological factors favouring the development of diseases like karnal bunt of wheat. Uptake. Magnaporthe grisea.J.J.com . • TLC technique for the quantitative estimation of systemic fungicide. early sowing. • Dual culture method for in vitro screening of germplasm of chickpea against Ascochyta rabiei.fineprint. Work was recognized by Pesticide India Award. Possibility of sexual crossing over and origin of M. and seed rot of Albizia lebbek. Different components of the work were recognized once by Professor M. downy mildew and white rust of crucifers. This information is going to have a great impact at the global level on breeding for blast resistance. U. In addition to above several important and useful techniques were developed : • Spikelet culture technique to produce karnal bunt under laboratory condition. A. Ribonucleic acid containing an infectious agent was demonstrated for the first time to be associated with sterility mosaic of pigeonpea. Biocontrol of diseases. were defined as they would be quite useful for forecasting the outbreak of these diseases.J. metalaxyl. • Sodium hydroxide seed soak method for the detection of bunt of rice and karnal bunt of wheat in untreated as well as chemically treated seed sample. parasitica. which are subsequently colonized by downy mildew caused by Pernospora parasitica. Epidemiology. translocation. candida was demonstrated not only to increase susceptibility of plants but also to erode the resistance of downy mildew resistant cultivars towards P. in the Himalayan hills. Narasimhan Academic Merit Award. In an extensive study of variability and linkages in rice blast fungus. to be the two stages of the same disease and that malformation is controlled by pruning. inter-and intra-plant part distribution of metalaxyl in different plant species and pyroquilon in rice was demonstrated. This work has been recognized through the Hexamar Award and the Professor M. the concept of clonality of population was disapproved. Use of PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. recommended as a standard technique in Pesticide Data book published by Royal Society of Chemistry. Pioneering work has been done on the etiology of complex diseases like mango malformation. These strategies are offered to and are being used by farmers of Uttaranchal state and also of other states as part of the package and practices for various crops. grisea in the Himalayan hills was demonstrated using molecular probes. Fungicidal residues. from vascular system of the plant. It is now approved as a standard technique by Central Seed Certification Agency of Government of India. Narasimhan Medal Award. White rust caused by Albugo candida was demonstrated to be solely responsible for the stag head development in rapeseed and mustard. white rust and downy mildew of crucifers and sterility mosaic of pigeonpea. translocation.
early planting of rapeseed-mustard and chickpea.5-T for autocidal control of mango shoot gall have been advocated to the farmers.fineprint. were isolated and technologies for their mass production. seed treatment in wheat. To minimize the use of insecticides. conserve and disseminate these parasitoids when required. To minimize the use of chemical insecticides. soybean. Simple seed/bulb treatment with any one of these antagonist controlled diseases like wilt of chickpea and lentil. Manhar and Indrasan varieties of paddy did show field resistance to white-backed plant hopper. pulses. soybean root rot. eucalyptus and neem for stored grain insects. groundnut and mungbean for the control of seedling pests was also recommended. Ageratum. Narasimhan Academic Merit Award. Cedrela and Melia for polyhagous defoliator. Herbal insecticide preparations from Acorus. oilseeds. Trichoderma harzianum (TH) and Gliocladium virens (GV). Use of Plant Products. The African snails can be controlled effectively by the treatment with 5% metaldehyde. Rauwolfia. vegetable and fruit crops. efforts were made to suppress insect pest populations using biological control agents and effective. A few. and late planting of field pea reduced insect pest damage up to 40% both by escape and asynchrony between crop and insect pest peak populations. Several eco-friendly. efficient plant growth promoting and siderophore producing strains of Pseudomonas fluorescence have been isolated and their synergistic interaction with VAM with respect to plant growth was demonstrated. where more than 90% incidence of nematode parasites of leaf folder larvae and high incidence of egg parasitoids of stem borer. Delonix. Viral NPV and bacterial Bt preparations. Solarization also improved seedling health. groundnut and litchi crops. Now the farmers have stopped the use of chemical insecticides for their control. sunflower. Biological control work at Pantnagar was recognized by the professor M. sugarcane. provided natural control. alone and in combination with neem and endosulfan were very effective against pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera) in chickpea and other pulses. mustard. Punjab Barsati. which is also compatible with neem was highly effective against insect pest of paddy.J. Spodopterer. Some new generation insecticides like BPMC for the control of white and brown plant hopper in paddy. with high biocontrol efficiency and wide host range. Conservation of natural biological control agents was important in rice. Intercropping maize. gladiolus corm rot. Brinjal varieties. RH 2485 for chickpea pod borer and 2. Beauvaria bassiana. were developed for major insect pests of cereals. Mass multiplication techniques have been standardized for their commercial use. biodegradable plant-based insecticides. biodegradable insecticides of plant origin have been identified for sustainable control of crop pests. Insect Pest Management – An Integrated Approach Safe and economic strategies. and from Ageratum. Effective control of seedling diseases of vegetables was achieved by soil solarization. Use of entomophagous fungus. tobacco and Tropaeolum for pod borer in chickpea. Farmers were advised to monitor.com . Two antagonists.4. extracts from neem. Efficient and cost-effective management of wilt complex of chickpea and lentil was developed by integrated seed treatment with Trichoderma harzianum/ Gliocladium virens and carboxin.organic amendments for the management of root knot of vegetables was considered a trendsetter in the management of soil-borne plant diseases. paddy. insect hormones namely Dimilin. Researches on economic thresholds and monitoring of insect pests paved the way for timely application of control measures in chickpea. consistent with the new integrated pest management approach. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. The most successful example where biological control proved highly effective was in the control of sugarcane Pyrilla. low persistent. Cassia. Pusa Purple Long and ARU–2C have been identified as resistant to brinjal borer. sorghum with green gram and black gram or chickpea with linseed or mustard. Aglaia. plant-based insecticides.4-D and 2. formulation and delivery were developed. neem. Egg parasitoid complex consisting of Tetrasticus pyrillae and nymphal and adult parasitoid Epicrania melanolenea control Pyrilla menace. etc.
soy-shrikhand and soy-yoghurt. An alternate host plant.Several innovative researches have provided important clues to develop new pest management approaches. mango bar.40 kg/kg live weight. and steeping preservation of mushroom. Food Science The department of Food Science has developed processes for osmoair drying of apricots and peaches. • An effective test has been developed to differentiate the meat of different species. Chenopodium melilotus and vicia served as trap crops for chickpea pod borer eggs. Nutritionally superior semi-synthetic diets for mass rearing of the Bihar hairy caterpillar.587 g weight at 8 weeks of age. • To induce lactation in non-productive and barren bovines. Weed plants. fishmeal. Presently.0 to 1. dehydro-canning of potato and mushrooms. • A combination of groundnut cake and urea in the ratio of 2:1 in terms of total nitrogen was found to yield optimal microbial population as well as TVFA and total nitrogen. The other processes developed are acidophilus yoghurt. This process reduces the requirements of concentrate in dairy cattle and buffaloes by about 1. flavour development in acid coagulated mild slurry. Using combined selection in white leghorn for several generations. a technique of 7 day hormonal treatment was standardized. keeping in mind the needs of small farmers under village/semiurban harsh conditions. instant porridge from byproduct of milling industry. tobacco caterpillar and chickpea pod borer were worked out to facilitate multiplication of biological control agents. The profit analysis studies in crossbreds have shown that Holstein–Friesian and Red Dane crosses with Sahiwal are the most profitable crosses. Animal Production Development of crossbred cows. Seven calves from a single elite cow have been produced during a period of one year. a strain with about 265 eggs in one cycle and averaging 56 g in egg weight has been developed which is well adapted to hot and humid conditions of the Tarai region. extruded snacks from germinated whey. Some of the important ones include : • Embryo Transfer Technology has been successfully applied for selective multiplication of elite animals. The ammonia (urea) treatment technique improves the nutritive value of crop residues supporting a daily growth rate of 250 g and medium level of milk production (5 kg/head/day) in cattle and buffaloes without any concentrate supplement being fed. Methods of ammonia (urea) treatment of baled crop residues have also been developed. etc. etc. In vitro fertilization of buffalo oocysts has been achieved. Besides. The feed conversion efficiency in broilers has also improved considerably and is about 2. breed crosses are being developed using White Leghorn.5 kg/head/day without any adverse effect on growth and on milk production. Elemingia serrata was identified to help off-season carry over of pest populations in pigeonpea. Veterinary Sciences The University has earned distinction in several areas of research in veterinary sciences. it is being practiced by many organized farms and individual farmers.726 kg milk yield/lactation with inter-calving period of 409 days for 1/2 Red Dane 1/2 Sahiwal and 3.fineprint. Poultry production. Feed quality improved. • Neurophysiology of a ruminant stomach was studied with a view to augment ruminoreticular movements for better digestibility and effects of various drugs on rumen mortality was found out. The outstanding contributions of Animal Science include development of crossbred cows averaging 2.com . PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Still better response to ammonia (urea) treatment have been obtained when the treated straw is fed with bypass protein supplement like cottonseed cake. Studies involving specialized sire and dam lines for the development of commercial broilers have resulted in the development of a broiler of 1. Australorp and Desi breed.349 kg and 421 days for 1/2 Friesian 1/2 Sahiwal.
bone plate. • Cartilage powder. fluorescent antibody test (FAT) have been standardized and carried out for the diagnosis of infectious diseases. various techniques like horn plate. pancreatic tissue extract and amnion extracts of fresh bovine placenta have been found beneficial in tissue repair. neem leaves and alcoholic extract of leaves of sitaphal. • Epidemiology of brucellosis and Q. • Enterotoxin and four novel cytotoxins of Salmonella purified and characterized. • For the first time histoplasmosis reported in a heifer.coli and antibiotic sensitivity pattern in colibacillosis in poultry. and models experimented in the villages : • After finding the nutritive value of specific cereals. • Immunodiagnostic test like ELISA. • A Marek’s disease virus strain isolated locally from an apparently healthy bird was attenuated in chicken embryo fibroblast cell culture. viz. The test is sensitive enough to detect urea at a concentration of 0. • Toxicity studies on Agrochemicals made. Following achievements have been made in terms of technologies at hand. inhibited fungi and bacteria. • Indigenous plants (haldi. vegetables. rota virus infection and salmonellosis. pulses.1% in milk in only one minute. • Histoplasmosis in cattle in India reported for the first time. Home Science The University is actively engaged in research including both experimental as well as field research involving rural families at the village level. fever studied. counter current immunoelectrophoresis (CIE).com . • Herbal preparations developed for growth and production of poultry. • Studies made on serotypes of E. • Sarcocystosis in lambs in India reported for the first time. • Salmonella Toxoid afford 100% protection in mice. • Diagnosis. other grafting materials and fixation devices have been evolved.. • Scanning electron microscopical features of experimental canine parvoviral enteritis done. • To repair long bone fractures. • Congo red binding test for detection of pathogenecity of Escherichia coli strains in poultry developed.fineprint. mulberry leaves. insights gained. Ocimum spp. adalsa and shajnah) augmented wound healing and bone repair. the techniques of processing of food items and preparation of various recipes out of these have been evolved which include potato flour. radio-immunoassay (RIA) Coagglutination (COAT). canine parvovirus infection. simple and quick diagnostic tests were developed for the treatment of filariasis. new castle. and Eucaplyptus spp. • Effective technology has been developed for the repair of osteomyelitis and infectious arthritis. green leaf powder and carrot powder. millets. defatted soyflour. • Epineural nerve suturing along with application of semicarpus anacardium for repair of peripheral nerve injuries developed. • Garlic Extract cured dermatophytosis (ringworm) in man and animals and candidasis in poultry. millets. prevention and control of mastitis was found. • Essential oils of clove. leaves and fruits. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. • Acupuncture technique has been found effective for relieving pain. The virus at its 20th passage level was used as a vaccine and the protection afforded was comparable to other available MD vaccines. infectious bursal disease.• To detect the presence of urea in adulterated/synthetic milk a strip test has been developed. • A live attenuated cell culture vaccine against sheep pox was developed using Karnal strain of sheep pox virus. • New. including anaesthesia and resuscitation of dog following administration of anaesthesia/drugs.
sawdust + cowdung. adolescents and women. Pant Oscillatory Sieve Potato Digger. standardized and are available for use by commercial units/tailoring units. • Research on village-based action programme models like community child care centre/farm creche/SHGs has proved their utility for the children and women of villages. Zari and block printing have been obtained. hoe seeder. including visual and audio-visual. dry leaves + sawdust + cowdung. • Basic bodice blocks of children of 3–7 years have been prepared. • For fuel efficiency a combination of fuels that can be efficiently used in kitchen has been suggested which includes sugarcane dry with surkanda sticks of cowdung. Pauri Danela. paddy thresher and few others have been recommended for use to save time and energy of farm women and to reduce their work stress. Soybean Thresher and the technologies for testing of I. collection. • Hand printing technique developed and its standardization and printing on single bed covers done. • Harvesting. time and energy spending pattern of rural women. bhang. scrapper. wheat/paddy straw + cowdung. weeding fork. • Pant Double Neck Yoke with adjustable width for humpless animals and Pant Adjustable Collar Harness for single animal and Pant Animal Hoof Shoes for draught animals have been developed. Sugarcane Stubble Shaver (two rows). nutritional assessment of the above groups. Implements and Technologies Developed A number of implements viz.com . processing and blending with cotton fibres was done.C. charcoal powder + mud.. • Pauri Nasura. • Improved designs of Chutki. Sugarcane Planter (two rows). • Natural dyes from Henna leaves and Madar roots developed through optimization technique. danala. and murva) by extraction. densification. pre-schoolers. Two Row Mechanical Potato Digger. Pant Spiked Clod Crusher as combination tillage tool with tractor drawn disc harrow and cultivar. handling and storage of crop residues and further enhancement of their nutritive value by ammonia (urea) treatment for animal feeding have been developed. sowing attachment for country plough and Pauri Paddy Thresher-cumWinnowing Fan have been developed for the hill farmers. Improved Beam for Animal Drawn Implements. Sugarcane Interculture-cum-Earthing Equipment. • Techniques of utilizing unconventional fibres (okra. • High Pressure Carbondioxide Scrubber and Tarai Biogas Plant for high water table areas have also been developed. kassi. • Detailed anthropometric data on infants.fineprint. and utilization of draught animal power have been developed. banana. Pant Multicrop Seed Drill. Pant Zero-Till Ferti-Seed Drill. hand cultivator. • Rural oven was developed using locally available materials and the designs for ‘L’ and ‘U’ shaped kitchen for both standing and sitting positions have been recommended. Pant Axial Flow Multicrop Thresher.• Various teaching aids. Pant Rotary Puddler. Designing of the item on market demand can be done and techniques can be sold to such units. Hand Broadcaster. engine on biogas. Handicrafts items were prepared. All these tools are helpful in harnessing the efficiency of draught animals with less drudgery and fatigue. • Improved farm technologies were tried out and equipment/implements such as kuthla. have been standardized and recommended for use for providing nutrition and health education to school children and rural communities. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. hoe. Wind Rower. Pauri Damala. Agricultural Engineering The significant achievements in the field of agricultural engineering are briefed here. Pauri Steel Plough. school age children. and detailed profile of rural families of different socio-economic status in different agroclimatic zones were collected.
e. optimal land use models for effective watershed management. • Studies on ground water flow to gravity and artisans wells. manually operated dal mill. • Performance evaluation and design improvements of Hydraulic Ram.fineprint. performance of screens and estimation of aquifer parameters. Fruits and Vegetable Grader. Post Harvest and Food Engineering • The university has successfully evolved some biotechnological processes for oilseeds. laboratory models to simulate rainfall. • Water pollution studies on sugar factory effluents conducted to know the adverse effects of pollution on the water quality. milling of pigeonpea. continuous grain drier. Groundnut Decorticator. A prototype potato peeler-cum-chip maker has also been developed which has been found useful for cottage industries. husk fired furnace. black gram and lentil. soybean dehuller.Irrigation and Drainage Engineering Following studies were conducted and solutions to the problems in related disciplines were found out : • Performance evaluation of installed pumping units • Optimum operating conditions for Archemedian screw. and technologies for soybean processing. pulses and oilseeds including urea treatment of wheat straw. • Surface irrigation studies. etc. • Water resources management planning and ground water modelling in Jamrani Dam Command. for vegetable production in difficult terrain and hostile environment. • Sub-surface drainage of high water table and salt affected agricultural lands including well hydraulics. soybean blancher and wet grinder have been developed. smokeless chulha. storage of cereals. fruits and vegetable processing. runoff and sediment yield relationship under controlled conditions.com . products and other significant achievements of basic sciences are as under : • Hydroponics i. straw treater. • Studies on saving of water and increase in yield with drip and sprinkler irrigation. soil-less culture. Agricultural Engineers have designed and developed the low-cost high-discharge propeller pumps and efficient foot valves. nomographic techniques to estimate soil loss. pulses. • Conjunctive use of surface and ground waters for optimal crop production for Bhabar studied and recommendations for optimal use of land and water resources suggested. and the design and development of efficient water conveyance and energy dissipation structures have been done. Okra Thresher. Differential Speed Expanding Pitch. • On-farm water management studies for the evolution of technology for increased sustained productivity in the command area of Bichpuri minor of Sharda Canal System. Basic Sciences Some of the unique technologies. Soil and Water Conservation Engineering In the area of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering development of hydrological prediction models for small and large catchment. relationships for design of soil conservation practices on fields. • Dal mills for pigeonpea and soybean. • The agricultural engineers have also developed some processing equipment like Mango Guthali (stone) Decorticator. methodologies for evaluation of effects of soil conservation measures on the hydrology and sedimentation patterns of the catchment. oil recovery. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Tomato Seed Extractor. drying technologies for various added extruded food products.
fish health management. increasing the rate of recovery of fry from 20% to 60%. This low-cost hatchery is portable and does not require the use of an overhead tank. • The fishery of fast-growing carps was successfully established in the medium altitude lakes. pathogenic variability in Karnal bunt. The significant achievements made so far in the above areas are as follows: • A successful composite fish farming technology comprising Indian and exotic carps has been developed to utilize the vast low-lying marshy land in the sub-Himalayan region and plains of north-India. microbial degradation of lignins and pesticides has lead to important findings. which generally exceeds 60 % of the total operational expenditure of fish farmers. compared to 30% recovery rate obtained from the cloth hapa. aroma in rice) and resistance against biotic and abiotic stresses. • A supplementary feed having approximately 25% biogas slurry has been formulated. water quality management. The technology using local variety of ducks has been successfully transferred to fish farmers. • An effective package for the control of Epizootic ulcerative syndrome has been developed. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. These resource-poor farmers can not afford the cost of feeding. This has greatly helped in increasing the fish production. • A low-cost circulatory hatchery has been developed in which 80% recovery of hatchlings is obtained.69 ha. • The induced fish breeding technology using crude pituitary extract has been developed for the Tarai region.fineprint. • Intensive efforts in creating genetically engineered crop plants with improved quality (nutrition in wheat. • Development of biopesticides and biocontrol agents from the available biodiversity of the region and diagnostic kits. • Production of bioinoculants of bacteria and mycorrhiza to enhance nutrient uptake efficiency of crops. • Use of an organophosphate greatly helped in successfully controlling the cyclopids which predates up on fry in nursery pond thus. An annual fish production of 6 tonnes/ha/year has been achieved. conservation of fish diversity and fisheries resource management programmes. The experiments using Khaki Campbell ducks are in progress. Fish production of 4098.72 kg/ha/yr is obtained from duck–fish pond without any supplementary feeding. • The integrated duck–fish farming technology has been developed to cater to the small farmers. • Basic research on recalcitrant problems like mango malformation. Both deshi and exotic varieties of duck have been integrated. sheath blight.• Tissue culture with dual objective of making elite planting material available to the farmers and generating employment in the rural sector. • The technology for raising three crops of fry from the same nursery pond in one breeding season has also been developed. This has greatly helped in providing fish seed to the culture sector round the year. increasing the existing fish production from 2–3 kg/ha/year to 70 kg/ha/year. screened and tried for better growth and high survival of carps thus. blast. reducing the cost of feeding under composite fish culture system. • Cheap methods of aeration in fish ponds have been developed. seed production. • The breeding of carps using ovaprim has also been done in the last 6–7 years.com . Locally available feed ingredients have been identified and the farm management practices for optimum production have also been evolved. The technology for the multiple breeding of carps in Tarai conditions has also been evolved. • There are about 93 % small and marginal farmers having land holdings less than 1. Fishery Sciences In the Fishery Sciences increased emphasis is being given to the frontier areas of carp culture. Recently a new breeding agent ovatide was also used for the successful breeding of Labeo rohita for the first time in the plains of north India.
− Ricebean cultivation substituted the nitrogen requirement of rabi crops (wheat) by about 20 kg/ha − The nitrogen-use efficiency of prilled urea was increased by 33% with sulphur coating. soybean. • A strategy has been developed for successful conservation of golden Mahseer. ricebean. − Application of chemical fertilizers (NPK). PT 303 of rapeseed. Foxtail millet variety. respectively. − Use of Mussoorie rock phosphate and superphosphates in 2:1 ratio for increasing agronomic efficiency of phosphatic fertilizers. PRR 1 and PRR 2.com . Krishna and Kranti of mustard and PK 262 and PK 327 of soybean have been found promising for the hill region. To conserve the stock of this fish.• The basic limnological features and fishery of some of the reservoirs of North India have been studied which will be of great help in increasing the fish production of these reservoirs. PRA 8801 have been released for UP hill region by SVRC. dose of fertilizers and manure. Pant Lentil 406 and 639 of lentil. grain amaranth.000 germplasm lines of various crops have also been evaluated and screened. over the un-inoculated control. − Strains of Rhizobium japonicum MB2P3. − Chulu oil cake-coated and lisa-coated urea has been found effective over prilled urea in minimizing nitrogen losses and increasing nitrogen-efficiency.2% and 10.g. and is on the verge of extinction. − Urea treatment (0.1%. • Following important findings have been made for management of soil fertility.fineprint. Buckwheat variety. rearing trials are being made in the ponds. barnyard millet. • Suitable inter/mixed cropping e. liming (6–9 t/ha) and FYM @ 15 tonnes/ha was found useful for restoring soil fertility of terraces with exposed subsoil. etc have been found effective and their doses and time have been recommended to control various weeds. • Herbicides like glyphosate. − The response of biofertilizers (Azospirillum braselence and Aspergillus awamori) was 24. row spacing. • Some promising lines in rice. • Priority has been given to improvement of less utilized crops and millets in the hill area. − Mixture of SSP : RP (1:1) @ 60 kg/ha has been found effective source of phosphate for frenchbean. • The optimum sowing period. − Sulphuric acid (25%) acidulated rockphosphate has been found as effective source of phosphate for acid soil. Besides. buckwheat and wheat have been identified for release. the world famous game fish which is found only in the Indian subcontinent. etc have been standardized for various crops as sole crop and as inter crop. − Seed inoculation of fingermillet and barnyard millet with Aspergillus awamori along with SSP and MRP (50:50) was found effective in minimizing phosphate fixation in acid soil. for the control of apple scab. • Formulated an eight-stage spray schedule consisting of various fungicides and based on crop phonology. has been released for the hill region of the country by CVRC in 1997. it has been possible to successfully rear the fish in earthen ponds on supplementary feed. MB2P1 for soybean and SSF 73 and SSF 69 have been found to be promising in acid soils. PRK 1 and grain amaranth variety. Forestry and Hill Agriculture PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Ricebean varieties. respectively. were released for the hill region of UP and the country by SVRC and CVRC in 1996 and 1997. Navin of maize. more than 5. seed rate. Pant Pea 5 of field pea. PRB 1. Amaranth + horsegram in 1:1 ratio at 30 cm spacing.5%) of pine needles for enhancing decomposition and possible source of organic amendment. maize + soybean in 2:2 row ratio at 90/60 cm spacing. • Among the various varieties developed by the University for the plains Kanchan. barnyard millet + ricebean in 4:1 ratio at 30 cm spacing and fingermillet + soybean in 9:1 ratio have also been developed for cultivation in high hills.
etc. • Significant achievements have been made in improving the productivity and quality of apple and peach fruits. Besides a number of fruit varieties were tested and the Tydeman’s Early Worcester of apple.2) as compared to Grey Giant (6.fineprint. whereas Sloh.• Established apple scab disease prediction and forecasting system that can avoid spray at first three stages of the crop. apple. Fruit Varietal Development and Management • New fruit varieties namely PRS 1 of apple.i. • Vegetable varieties tested and found promising for hill areas are : Arkel. Multipurpose trees suitable for fuel.com . Soviet Chinchilla produced largest litter size (7. and Quercus leucotrichophora. • Application of chlorpyriphos in different doses as seed treatment or by mixing with soil in standing rainfed kharif crops was recommended for white grub control. German angora rabbit was recommended to hill farmers owing to its high wool producing capacity. • An effective nematode parasite for biological control of white grub has also been identified and the results obtained from farmers fields are encouraging. controlled the grub. peach leaf curl. New Castle for fresh purpose of apricot and Charmaghz Safeda for sub-during uses. • Thin-shelled almond cultivars viz. Arka Komal of frenchbean.. • Application of monocrotophos 36 EC (0. fodder and timber have also been identified.. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. blast of fingermillet. VL 7 and PB Ageta of pea. PRKH 1 and PRKH 2 of apricot and PRA 1 of plum have been developed. late blight of potato.) or carbaryl 50 WP @ 0. tomato fruit rot. • Belladonna (Atropa belladonna) seeds when treated with 75% sulphuric acid for 2 minutes gave more than 90% germination. for vegetable pea. • Cost-effective control schedule developed for various diseases e. has been identified as highly resistant. in rabbit. Santarosa and Methley of plum. • Among broiler rabbits. respectively. during emergence period of white grub beetle in yellow raspberry.05% a. Golden Acre and Green Express of cabbage. • Sowing period of different medicinal and aromatic plants for nursery has been standardized as under : • Based on research achievements various techniques and recommendations have been made for better seed yield and germination in blue pine. Pant Shubhra and Pusa Deepali of cauliflower.1% a. Pant Haritima of coriander. The preferred hosts.5) and this species has been recommended to the farmers due to its better overall performance. • The oil potential of wild rose (Rose brunoii) (0. planting geometry for cabbage and mulching with FYM and forest litter in off-season potato were recommended.53%) was found at par with the cultivated rose species such as Bulgarian rose (Rosa damascena). Starking Delicious and Early White Giant of peach and Ne-Plus-Ultra of almond were found promising for growing in the hills. Thin Shelled and Non Pareil have been found to be highly susceptible to fruit gummosis. cabbage variety Golden Acre (120 kg N/ha) and potato (120 kg N + 100 kg P + 100 kg K/ha) and recommended sowing time. Kid birth weight was higher in New Zealand White (63.3) and New Zealand White (5.g. Drake.i. frenchbean anthracnose.5). • Standardized fertilizer doses for carrot variety Nantes (100 kg N/ha). Nantes of carrot and California Wonder of capsicum. controlling fruit gummosis disease in almond and assessing resistance and resistibility of different cultivars of peaches to fungal leaf curl. though inferior in fruit quality. • Ivermectin and Fueox medicines were found effective against Canker and Coccidiosis diseases. Q/A-9-120 of potato. walnut and chestnut. Hybrid pears.
are organized for 4 days at the University’s main PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. The KGKs have not been provided with any facilities for office and mobility.Extension and Communication Directorate of Extension The Directorate of Extension started functioning in 1962 with a team at headquarters and three members in the field in Nainital district. was started in two districts in 1970 and one ORP on Resource Development on Watershed Basis was launched during 1985–86 in Bareilly. maximum production. the area of responsibility of the University was spread over 28 districts of Uttar Pradesh representing 12 districts of hills and 16 of plain for Extension Education. All these programmes were merged into Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) in 1992.com . Hardwar. Shahjahanpur and Champawat. one each for Rampur. to perform the function of KVK for Nainital district. Two KVKs. Thus. Thus a total of 10 KVKs and 14 KGKs were functioning in 24 districts. The Directorate of Extension was started initially in the College of Agriculture. The extension activities comprised organizing field demonstrations. Saharanpur.fineprint. Ghaziabad. varietal. Almora and Udham Singh Nagar. Bijnor. The State Government has also sanctioned establishment of KGK for Rudraprayag district and the ICAR under NATP has sanctioned a scheme for remandating the Zonal Research Centre at Majhera (Nainital). the area jurisdiction of the University consisted of 28 districts before the formation of Uttaranchal. it is functioning in a building shared by the Directorate of Experiment Station.200 persons visited the campus. one each located in Meerut and Muzaffarnagar districts. agricultural implements and front line demonstrations (FLDs) have been very successful in training grassroot personnel as well as farmers. Later on. This work was adjudged as best work of its kind and given national award by KRIBHCO in 1988 and by the National Productivity Council of India (1990). were sanctioned. Pauri. visits of 38 teams involving 669 persons were conducted by the Directorate through Kisan Sewa Kendra. • Various demonstrations. 11 districts of Uttaranchal have one or the other unit of extension system of the University. Chamoli. rural school dropouts and unemployed rural youth. meetings. At present. financially sponsored by the ICAR. managed by NGOs. After formation of the new state of Uttaranchal the area of responsibility of the University is limited to 11 districts of hills and 2 districts of Tarai Bhabhar and plains. were transferred to the University in 1998. First KVK was sanctioned in 1983 for the district Tehri Garhwal. namely. contents of these courses have been revised. officers and foreigners and during 1998–99. the services were extended in 16 districts of UP which was further extended to 19 districts of western plains and hills in 1973.504 farmers. The national demonstration programme. site seeing. • The Directorate of Extension is conducting a correspondence course-based distance education programme in 17 subject matter areas in Hindi for the farmers. vegetable crops. In 1992–94 seven more KVKs. weed control. Fianlly. out of 13 districts. • For large-scale dissemination of technology. trainings. one each in kharif (October) and rabi (March) season. Now in Uttaranchal. 55 teams consisting of a total of 1. The ICAR also sanctioned the Lab to Land programme as a part of the Silver Jubilee celebration of the ICAR. extension units are working in 9 districts which include 2 KVKs at Ranichauri and Lohaghat and 7 KGKs at Dehradun. Uttarkashi. kisan mela and advisory services supported with print media and other mass communication means. 60 teams consisting of about 2. Salient achievements are given here under: • Under National Model Watershed Project. Viewing the change in the scenario of agriculture. Salient Achievements Till March 2001. Badaun. This increased to 20 with the formation of Ghaziabad district. • During 1996–97. In 1997–98. two All-India Farmers’ Fair. students. a watershed in Aonla tehsil of Bareilly district was successfully developed during 1986–1992. fruit crops. Various extension programmes were under taken in these districts for dissemination of scientific information to the farmers and others related with agriculture.
namely. saplings of fruit trees and extension literature (folders) on different aspects of agriculture. beekeeping. livestock management. The technical programmes to solve the problems of the villages have been prepared.• • • • • • • • • • campus. zero tillage and food requirements for diabetic patients have also been added and more than 4 lakh copies of these folders were distributed to the farmers.. The farmers are provided seeds of different crops. piggery etc. training. The training unit of the Directorate of Extension organized short and medium-term institutional training courses at Pantnagar for the benefit of different categories of Government officers. • The Centre played significant role in maintaining information centres. Strengthening and intensification of Veterinary Extension has been done by organizing clinical camps. The expert teams also visit for disease investigation and control of an outbreak of diseases like FMD. plant protection measures. Various activities are being performed through its units of Radio Production. Photographic and Graphic Production and Audio-Visual and Projection Services. mushroom production. the centre is providing media support to various activities of the University and helping in dissemination of useful scientific information to the farmers. • Two monthly magazines i. Diversification and intensification of agriculture has been initiated in the 2 districts of Uttaranchal viz.com . posters. sericulture. The Directorate of Extension has published 55 folders or leaflets after thorough revision on different aspects of agriculture including package of practices of important crops. exhibitions. etc. poultry keeping. etc.e. MD. Anthrax. etc. Pantnagar. Communication Centre Established in 1972. • In video unit about 8–10 educational programmes and 40–50 news capsules are produced every year. etc. vegetable and fruit production. News and Publicity. Video Production. These fairs have been a trend setter and most of the Universities now organise similar fairs. Nainital and Dehradun under UPDASP. due to retirement of all the artists of the centre the work of preparation of charts. seminars. is not being undertaken now. etc. SMS. extension personnel and other visitors. Pantnagar News. and 2500–3000 photographs and slides are prepared every year for teaching. • About 500–600 charts. farmers. sericulture. veterinary sciences and other related aspects.fineprint. is printed regularly. Crop production and related technologies like animal husbandry. Bulandshahr and Majhera also organizes one-day Kisan Diwas twice in a year. etc in livestock. farmers for Doon Valley Water-shed Management Project. One international training programme for the officers of Nepal Government on Seed Production Technology was also organized. RD. University scientists have adopted 109 villages for agricultural development. Four new folders on agroforestry. kisan gosthies. deworming and parasiticidal sprays to control internal and external parasites and infectious diseases are arranged. posters. Outside stations. information centres. fisheries. analysed and evaluated at farmers’ fields. Modipuram. are being demonstrated. KVKs established by the University have taken up extension activities as per mandate of these institutions. The trainings have also been organized to generate self-employment opportunities for rural youth on beekeeping. retiring defence personnel. BQ. HS. fruits and vegetables. mushroom production. organizing exhibitions/farmers’ fairs and participating in national and international expositions. However. Indian Farmers’ Digest in English and Kisan Bharti in Hindi and one quarterly newsletter. Salient Achievements Some of the important achievements of the Communication are listed below: • The University has well-equipped radio studio in which about 200 radio programmes are produced in a year for the benefit of the farmers and also for teaching. printing. bank personnel. tribals etc. agriculture implements. in which vaccination. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.
The contribution of this human resource is immense in making socioeconomic impact through various endeavours like education.768 students at Masters level and 1. Their performance as entrepreneurs in various agribusinesses has also been of the highest order. Pantnagar Seeds have assumed the national status in HYV programme of the country ‘The Impact of Pantnagar Seeds’ has been strongly felt in the country on the whole and more specifically in the area adjoining the University. students programmes and other University programmes held in the campus. ‘Earn While You Learn’ and dignity of labour through paid voluntary work programme has helped students to perform in a manner different from those of scholarly education. extension. under its mandate of generating the human resource in agriculture and allied sciences. The Centre also provides audio-visual facilities for teaching. Dissemination of technologies and useful information including University news through newspapers.• • • Every year 8–10 text-books are produced in Hindi for undergraduate students.D. high-yielding and disease-resistant varieties. To increase the productivity of crops the availability of high-quality seed in adequate quantity is of vital significance. Development of more than 150 short-duration. About 20% of the graduate students get employment in reputed private sector each year through campus interview. TV and radio is also undertaken throughout the year. The overall impact of the University technologies has been witnessed in increased productivity with high profitability. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. research. 1969 which led to the transformation of Tarai into a major seed production area of the country. During last 40 years a total number of 13. level have been awarded degrees. The University students are uniformly employed in private and public sector organizations of national and international repute. Another landmark in social improvement has been through special emphasis on women resource development in agriculture for which provision has been made for reservation of 15% seats for rural girls in various undergraduate programmes. location-specific farm technologies and their efficient transfer has promoted the process of this transformation. has given top priority towards quality of students in various undergraduate and postgraduate programmes. As a result of this gesture 30% girls are admitted in various degree programmes of the University against a very negligible percentage up to 1980. Socio-Economic and Technological Impact The socio-economic and technological impact needs qualitative and quantitative changes in the grading and quality of farm produce. seminar. It was the University which played an important role in launching the Tarai Development Corporation (TDC) on 29 June. production and other role played by them in development of agrarian community in India and abroad.com . newsletters. Technological Impact The University has played a major role in transforming the traditional and subsistence agriculture into a diversified growth-oriented and employment-generating commercial venture. training. economically sound.068 students at Ph. The role of Pantnagar University in large-scale seed production programme on 3200 ha area of the University farm has earned a world-wide reputation. 4. Quality education has been helpful to enhance the employment opportunities of the students and to use their constructive and creative attributes in the socioeconomic development of the nation. evolving eco-friendly. Special emphasis on practical programmes.242 students at undergraduate. It was also taken as a mother project for establishing similar seed projects in 5 other states of the country under National Seed Project Phase-1. Human Resource Development The University.fineprint. On account of their exemplary performance the students of this university are in great demand in the private sector and in national as well as international jobs.
com . converted the north-west region of UP into a milk cistern and egg basin. carrot. Introduction of soybean in the farming system of the area of responsibility of the University as well as in the country is a notable achievement of this university. coriander. Impact on Production and Productivity In the early sixties the country was confronted with an acute shortage of food. 25–30% increase in buffalo. Thus. pea. processing and other functions on the model of a Single Window System which produces about 4. It has promoted the production of Rohu. wheat. Following the technology developed by the University.000 crore economic benefit to the farmers from paddy. there has been manifold increase in profitability of cereals. to the tune of 20%.fineprint. 15% in sheep. maize. diversification of farming and optimization of resource use. farmers are harvesting 6–7 tonnes of fish per ha every year. the thrust was shifted to the horticultural crops during the late eighties. For an overall sustainability in agricultural production. During the last decade the University also concentrated its efforts on minimizing temporal fluctuations. The University is also producing about 80-90 quintal of breeder seed of various vegetable crops viz. Integrated Plant Disease Management. Briefly.000 ha area around half of the seed is distributed as Foundation Seed and half as certified seed contributing about Rs 8. Further. biocontrol of diseases and pests and use of biotechnology. The major success in this respect has been due to a highly imaginative scheme of induced breeding developed by the University for the production of fingerlings. the University has strived to fulfil the national goal of ensuring nutritional security through increase in availability of quality livestock and its products. a tremendous increase in quantity and quality of livestock products has been witnessed in the area of responsibility of the University over the last three decades. pulses. As a result.000 crore has been obtained from paddy and wheat during the last 10 years. brinjal. Integrated Pest Management. This is very well substantiated by the following statement of Dr. Owing to the sustained and dedicated efforts of the veterinary and animal scientists to provide proper health cover. The production of fruits and vegetables during the last decade has been doubled owing to the release of several varieties and production technologies. 3. Further on about 2. okra. has also been achieved during the last 3 decades. This has not only improved the socio-economic condition of the people but also. Borlaug during his visit in 1972: “ It is the Tarai area under the influence and direction of Pantnagar University that the green revolution. Impact on Diversification for more Sustainability and Profitability in Agriculture After having attained a reasonable level of food production. Hence. Norman E. the University concentrated on getting rid of this problem by focussing its attention on increasing food production by developing more than 150 varieties of various crops along with their production technologies and transferring these technologies to the farmers. of which about Rs. frenchbean.000 quintal seed every year. it is the impact of research and seed production programme of the University which adorned it with the title of “Harbinger of Green Revolution”. the increase in food production has been about 172 % in the plains and about 105% in the plains and hills against an over-all increase of about 142 % in the erstwhile state of UP during first three decades of the University’s efforts. and improved feeding and breeding programmes. better management practices.The University has a Breeder Seed Production Centre on 200 ha for production. cauliflower. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. 25% in goat and about four fold increase in poultry population has resulted in an increase of about 60% meat and milk production. etc. Hence. pulses as also the sugarcane production.. An appreciable increase in the oilseeds. a need for sustainability and diversification was realized. the University has made efforts in technology development on Integrated Nutrient Management. which has since spread over vast areas of India. The University has started freshwater fish production in a big way. chillies and cucurbits. Katla and Nain in natural lakes and ponds as well as in artificial fish ponds. tomato. raddish. soybean. The increase in foodgrain production was primarily through productivity of wheat and rice. over two hundred percent in egg production and about 30% in hide production. Nearly 25– 30% increase in population of cattle. was born”.
sustainable production and growth in agriculture. research and transfer of technology. With changes in socio-economic and agro-ecological conditions. government departments. line departments of the State and the farmers is poor. the population is still rising unabated and the Indian farmer is bound to compete in the world market due to globalization of agriculture. The University has now got sole responsibility for the development of agriculture in Uttaranchal which has completely a different agro-eco system and farm practices. The manpower and faculties have generally grown old in several departments. extension education personnel.fineprint. The agroinput organizations in the private sector are rising every day. INM. environmental security. To enable farmers stand better in the world trade market and with the above foresightedness it is PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.D. Considering these and many more factors.. The situation may be alarming if steps are not taken to recruit competent faculty particularly at the middle level. necessary modification in curriculum will be made. The issues and strategies related to H.Issues and Strategies The University during last 40 years has made allround progress in the spheres of human resource development. The research and extension programmes were also implemented based on the demand and problems of the farming society. There is also the need to establish a wellequipped lab with multimedia facilities to which all the KVKs. research and extension would be inevitable. Similarly the growth in terms of number of departments and post-graduate programmes has also been tremendous considering the manpower demand for academic institutions. It has resulted into an inefficient technology generation and technology transfer. There is a need to establish an advanced centre of educational technology to strengthen the communication skills and capabilities of teachers. management preceptions as well as international trade relations and policies. IPM. creation of World Trade Organization and India’s enrollment in this organization. Thus inter departmental and inter-organizational linkage is also essential to understand their problems and to improve quality of education and research so that students could be valued better. and extension education and the staff managing the affairs of line departments need to be upgraded. research and extension programmes based on the present scenario and future demand are given below: Human Resource Development and Educational Management The pace of human resource development in terms of undergraduate and post-graduate programmes for all the colleges varies due to the reason that these colleges were started in phases. KGKs and officials of State Govt. This is essential also in view of the fact that productivity is reaching towards the stagnation. research. In view of many radical changes likely to take place during next 20 years some major changes/overhaul in the programme is necessary. Main issues and strategies related to education. However. KGKs and Krishi Mandies under the area responsibility of the University could be linked. process industries are coming in a big way and several other new avenues are likely to emerge in the next two decades. Linkage among research scientists. Some new courses would also be needed to understand these aspects.R. agro-input agencies and self-employment. The human resource development through undergraduate and post-graduate programmes has been the prime focus as a result of which it has now nine colleges starting from two in 1960. training institutions and Agri-business organisations would also be on the priority in 21st Century. food security and nutritional security. The need for establishment of Trainers Training Centre for KVKs. The quality and the training of the personnel for the job of teaching. in different colleges are presented below : Agricultural Sciences In the twentieth century the emphasis was on the development of technologies for more production. the suitable modifications/revision in curriculum. organic farming.com . in the twenty-first century the thrust will be on higher production through efficient management of technology and agri-business in addition to our concern on biotechnology.
library. will be realized more during next two decades..necessary for the University to modify and upgrade the undergraduate and post-graduate programmes. processing. laboratories. The institution will have to attain international standards to compete with the leading engineering institutions in the world. it would also be necessary to ensure support and active participation of the agricultural and industrial sectors in the field of education besides government funding. • Tapping resources without destroying future supplies or disturbing the environment. export–import balances. This would require overall improvement in infrastructure including faculty. The rapid growth of high technology. Veterinary Sciences It has been realized that veterinary education is an important component for overall development of livestock industry. information technology and computers will have to be appropriately incorporated in the curriculum of various degree programmes. which was created 40 years ago. it is necessary to create opportunity for the scientists and teachers to periodically update their knowledge and skills in their own areas of specialization and teaching methodologies. • Reallocation of family and work roles for contribution of both men and women. cannot meet the aspirations of the new generations nor it can match the new curricula in agriculture and allied subjects. both the young in schools and adults outside the formal education. substitution of new equipment and renovation of laboratories will be another priority area of the new century. The demand for trained manpower in India and abroad in the field of engineering and technology will have to be created by updating curriculum and making necessary improvement in the quality of instruction through trained and qualified teachers. the poor unemployed. etc. marketing. The quality of education must match international standards in view of globalization and related parameters. satellite-based computerized information network will have to be developed and flow of information between institutions engaged in teaching and research will have to be ensured. laboratories. infants and young children. etc. Considering this need. Hence. Changes in undergraduate education in agriculture will also be necessary so that the graduates must be prepared to take up new challenges of the twenty-first century in the agricultural production. For sustain growth in higher technical education and research. Technical Education The most important issue in the next 20–25 years is to ensure sustainability of higher education and quality of applied research in the interest of the development of the nation. Effective human resource development is vital for ensuring productivity from veterinary education. handicapped and young adolescent parents. The infrastructure in terms of lecture rooms.fineprint. • Subsidizing high risk groups. post-harvest technologies. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. working environment. The necessity of making needful modifications for undergraduate courses and starting specialized courses which may be helpful for students in post education settlement through self-employment. • Supporting education of the population. the elderly. For its sustained growth it is essential to upgrade the courses and also to substitute redundant courses with new concepts and knowledge for development of academics/professionals to meet the manpower requirement for different jobs in this sector. To keep pace with the vast exploring scientific information. Many more areas of specialization are likely to be created through research dynamics and new academic programmes. Home Science The Home Science Education/Human Ecology programme would address the following issues in next two decades through additional/revised courses for the students. teaching equipment.com . • Coping up with the changing power position and role allocation.
• Training and orientation of undergraduate and post-graduate students to understand the socio-cultural environment of women and the family in hill region. Development of instructional fish farm. In the forthcoming plans the campus would be known as the College of Horticulture and Forestry with the departments of (i) Horticulture. library and other physical facilities. Traditionally this profession has been tied up with economically weaker section. Watershed Management. Social Sciences. (ix) Watershed Management.com . Hill Agriculture. Presently the College of Forestry and Hill Agriculture has 8 departments viz. (vi) Biotechnology. (iv) Soil and Water Management. (ix) Agricultural Engineering and Farm machinery. (viii) Agricultural Economics. Seed Science and Technology. (i) Genetic Resources. and Basic Sciences. (ii) Crop Improvement. The number has to be raised both vertically and horizontally. (xi) Animal Sciences (xii) Seed Science and Technology. (x) Social Sciences and Extension Education. A special manpower development strategy would be required to saturate the entire Himalayan region in the northern India. The new college of Hill Agriculture will have the following departments. (iii) Crop Management. With this development forestry component will be planted in the College of Horticulture and after merger it would be known as the College of Horticulture and Forestry.• Changing the concept of coarse grains to nutritious grains. (ii) Vegetable Science. Forestry and Hill Agriculture In order to have professionally trained personnel to manage the agriculture and forestry.. College of Horticulture The Government of Uttaranchal has already granted Rs 14 crore for the establishment of a College of Commercial Horticulture and its foundation has also been laid in June 2001. • With the change in aspirations and level of education among women there should be shift in their role and responsibility. Horticulture. The curriculum development. residences. Vegetable Science.fineprint. The specialized role of trained manpower in fishery biology and disease management are the other potential areas of manpower development. laboratories and fisheries work-experience are also the potential areas for strengthening undergraduate fishery education. (vii) Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. The process industries and quality control of processed products is another major area which has to be developed. (vi) Entomology and Nematology. recruitment and orientation of staff to prepare for the new courses will be the agenda on top in addition to creation of facilities like building. (viii) Ornamentals and Landscaping. Fishery Sciences The area and potential for increasing fish production is vast in India. There is little or no knowledge about pisciculture in cold water. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. (iii) Tree Improvement. The next 20 years of the new century will take account of these issues while planning and formulating undergraduate fishery education at this university. Forestry. (v) Natural Resource Management. (iv) Forest Management and Utilization. • Encouraging women participation in the income generating activities and also in family decision making. This potential is yet to be exploited through proper manpower development in fisheries. Keeping in view the changing scenario in agricultural education worldwide there is need to create more departments in the College of Hill Agriculture. Due to this reason the entry of trained professionals is minimal. (vii) Agrometeorology. (xiii) Agricultural Extension and Social Sciences. laboratories. (v) Mycology and Plant Pathology. (x) Basic Sciences and Humanities. scientifically there is urgent need to establish educational centres of excellence.
seed industry etc with proper mix of skills in marketing finance. Collaborative research between government. discussions. Considering the business trends the concepts have also been revised frequently. The College has four operational units viz. These researches were generally of applied nature to meet the immediate goals of increasing production. consultancy research will be the main focus in addition to teaching at post-graduate level. livestock industry. input supply industry. postharvest management and technology and many more areas of specialization can be strengthened through Master’s and Ph. There is still the need for a greater thrust to create some central facilities for seminar rooms. level programmes in respective subjects. Subjectwise research specific issues and strategies are given below : PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. The training. agricultural heritage. Research Issues and Strategies At the inception stage the scientists of the University planned and executed researches in agriculture and allied subjects visualizing the then immediate problems faced by the farmers. food industry. training of teachers to upgrade their knowledge in the subject and to improve the teaching skills. biotechnology in agriculture. it would have the core staff to ensure sustainability in quality of education and accountability. operations research. The basic science component was limited to very few researchers associated with different disciplines. Participatory research on farmers’ field would be conceived as a focus in planning future research proposals and elaborate mechanism for testing and verification of new technology would be developed involving researchers. analytical laboratories. medicinal and aromatic plants.D. Himalayan agro-eco conservation. extension agents and farmers. However. Management Development Programmes. programmes in related subject. research and managerial responsibilities. Placement and Counselling. Post-Graduate Studies The post-graduate studies are decentralized in respective colleges which have the Master’s and Ph.Agribusiness Management The education in Agribusiness Management is a new programme in the University. The Agribusiness Management has entered as a new and applied branch relevant for all the professional students at this university for providing industry specific thrust in farm engineering. horticulture industry. It is generally conceded that neglect of basic research will prove detrimental for the growth of Agriculture and Technology. Similar approach was adopted in veterinary sciences and other disciplines of the University.. The post-graduate education needs overhauling of the curriculum to meet the present specialized knowledge in different subjects. private and public sector research organisations will also be strengthened. microbiology. biochemistry. Suitable linkages will also be established with the private sector and NGOs to promote complementarily. seminars and audio-visual aids based instructions to make them professional during their studies.D. personnel.fineprint. There is need to coordinate the teaching programme to improve its quality and develop competence of the students to undertake teaching. presentations. Business Management Clinic and Information Technology Management Units. This is the most dynamic subject for which frequent change/upgradation of knowledge through refresher courses is essential. socio-cultural heritage. basic research would be strengthened in every college in general and in the College of Basic Sciences in particular. The students will be given exposure through case study. The intake of students will be limited to undergraduates of these branches only. The extent and quality of basic research is inadequate in the main college streams and has led to slow growth in the field of the frontier areas such as biotechnology. production of instructional material.com . information technology. Hence. hi-tech agriculture. The curriculum development in new areas in each college is the need of the day in view of the fact that bio-diversity conservation. etc. production. The College has been moving by adopting innovative approach of financial management.
the targeted benefits in the context of human nutrition and export market may not be obtained. • Greater attention will be paid to facilitate agricultural diversification by developing technologies for intensive production of fruits. • The focus shall be on developing critical understanding of biotechnology.com . • Attaining nutritional security will remain the integral goal with the higher production to save the population from malnutrition problem. • Major part of agriculture being rainfed. medicinal and aromatic plants and other high-valued crops. disease and insect-pest resistance. etc. Yield potential of generally low-yielding crops such as pulses and oilseeds would have to be enhanced.fineprint. conservation of water to increase the area under irrigation will be another issue which could change the subsistence nature of hill agriculture to a profit-generating one. • Identification of some economically profitable and environmentally sustainable crops and cropping systems for each agro-ecosystem of the State is one of the foremost issue needing immediate attention of agricultural scientist. breeding efforts were directed towards increase in crop yield but unless high yields are reinforced with quality. physiological basis of yield. flowers. • Increasing forest cover in the next few years with people’s participation is also an area of concern and will have to be given immediate thought to meet the basic needs of fodder and fuel in the hill region. • Checking low and unstable yield in rainfed areas which is about 63% of the total cultivated area but accounts for only 32% of the total agricultural production will be of prime importance. post-harvest physiology. Angora rabbit farming. agribusiness management. • The possibilities of making hill agriculture more advanced by integrating it with the latest technologies like biotechnology. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. • Ways and means will have to be found out to make the hill women’s contribution of about 80 percent in agriculture more productive. • Keeping in view the availability of large area as cultivable wasteland in Uttaranchal. beekeeping and other agro-based income generating activities which will in turn help in poverty alleviation and employment generation. • Opening of avenues like silk worm rearing. Acceleration of the growth rate of agricultural production is the major challenge we are facing today. • Decline in crop productivity is our concern. The productivity through composite technologies has to be improved. Major focus shall be on heterosis breeding. Average yield of our major foodgrain crops is much lower than those of many East and South Asian countries. vegetables. • Increasing yield potential and quality of crops through development of crop genotype resistant to major diseases and pests as well as to abiotic stresses would be given increasing attention. bringing it under crop cultivation will be the major issue to be dealt in the coming years to increase the production. In the light of the issues raised above some action strategies have been planned for implementation to solve the relevant problems of research and technological development in agricultural sciences. information technology. quality of crops. So far. will have to be explored. • Arresting the degradation of natural resources and the environment should receive priority so that we could achieve the goal of sustainability of agriculture.Agricultural Sciences • Food security will continue to be the first and foremost priority for agricultural research to produce enough for indigenous use as well as for exports particularly the products in which the country has a comparative advantage. mushroom cultivation. At present their output is very low due to avoidable excessive drudgery which could otherwise be utilized in other productive occupations.
salinity. • There is renewed thrust on production and reproduction efficiency for which research in reproduction. waterlogging and low and high temperature stresses. The development of cultivars resistant/tolerant to the abiotic stress through conventional plant breeding methods has met with limited success. Development of post-harvest management technologies to minimize the post-harvest losses particularly in case of fruits and vegetables and to improve post-harvest quality through appropriate packaging. biopesticides and development of appropriate farming systems shall be the approach to manage the diseases and pests. Intensive research on crop modelling involving the effects of variables such as climate. variety. poultry. waste recycling and bio-remediation. biocontrol agents. horticulture. monitoring and impact measurement would have to be established. development and veterinary health services. Research work would be intensified to develop technology to alleviate the damages caused by drought.fineprint. Effective mechanism of diagnostic surveys for project formulation. • Disease surveillance. fish. land capability classes. The husbandry aspect was taken up through the College of Agriculture. dynamics of soil–water–plant interaction. forestry. become necessary to identify the genes or molecular markers associated with abiotic stress tolerance. reporting and control is a continuous and integral part of veterinary profession. the varying cropping systems and resource constraints will have to be developed. planting dates. the College of Veterinary Sciences has a comprehensive role by way of imparting education and also by conducting research and extension activities.• • • • • host–pathogen and pests interaction. • There is continuous scope for reinforcement in animal health services through research. with the addition of seven more departments representing animal reproduction. Some prospects and strategies relevant for research in the field are mentioned below : • Animal rearing and rural economy are complimentary to each other. • New market avenues for animal products itself is likely to grow as biggest food industry in India for internal consumption and also for export. Veterinary Sciences The field of veterinary science till recently was limited to the treatment of animals and healthcare issues. etc. • Global opportunities and future needs in livestock and animal sector will continue to grow in future. Hence it is essential to identify major potential areas in this discipline which is relevant to the farmers of different agro-ecosystem. Now. research priority setting. • Integration of animal with crops. edhapic and management factors on crop growth and yield shall be helpful in forecasting the potential of different crops and cropping systems. Sustained research shall be continued to improve the productivity of the rice–wheat cropping system by judicious use of crop varieties. Efficient technology for optimum management of land and water resources and other inputs based on the features of agro-ecological zones in the area responsibility of the University. symbionts and pests. Hence. the research thrust in this field will hold a great importance. integrated weed management and efficient management of irrigation and drainage. With this holistic approach the College will assume a greater responsibility in generating more income and employment for the rural masses of the hill region. is feasible which will in turn ensure sustenance to agriculture and environment. therefore. artificial insemination and Embryo transfer technologies continue to get the prime attention of veterinary scientists. as per VCI guidelines. obstetrics. vegetable. It has. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Management of biotic and abiotic stresses through development of varieties resistant to multiple diseases and pests. balanced nutrition including organic manuring and crop residue management. tillage management. storage. handling and transport.com . • Research and development on alternative feed resources and improved metabolism is another potent thrust area for animal nutrition experts.
• Development of sound marketing infrastructure for growth of animal population is essential looking to future manpower and technological need to cater the growing international market. The energy management for agricultural production. Hence. improved machines and implements for land development. field preparation. processing. industry and government is another necessity to make the research output more productive and usable by the target groups. the farmer and consumer must also be identified while formulating research. There is a major gap in this direction due to which quality of research. efficient irrigation and for different postharvest processes. the scientists in the College of Technology will have a major concern to enquire the important reasons affecting large-scale application of the technologies.com . Hence. the problem areas need to be identified for each production system for development of relevant technologies with respect to each production system. It has generally been observed that the technologies developed from different branches of agricultural engineering have relatively a greater sophistication. have not benefited the majority of farmers specially small and marginal farmers.e. The canal water management. Only then the future of technologies and the entrepreneur could be secured. This area of sectoral cooperation must be strengthened through intervention of sociological studies. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. The third dimension of the sectoral collaboration i. This way the problems related to policies and promotion of relevant products. the research and development work cannot be generalized for all the agro-ecological regions. The linkages between research. marketing strategy and other programmes suffer which could be overcomed through the prospective work. The research in the College of Technology would focus to solve multi-dimensional problems specific to each production system involving minimum investment so that the average farmer may have the access to these technologies.• The colleges and institutes for veterinary education and research are the source to create more pressure for enhancement in financial allocation. development. This aspect should be incorporated in various research projects as in built component for their sustenance. Therefore. All these problems can be solved through appropriate technologies for post-harvest and process management. The local popularity of these machines and technologies has also not gathered much momentum. The farmers for last 20 years are facing a major problem in storage. Hence. Technology The College of Technology has two sets of departments i. The emphasis has been given in the past for research-industry collaboration.e. The engineering aspects in all these branches must be dove-tailed with the production aspects in each branch of food production sector. marketing and value addition. • Data base generation is the major need for objective and correct planning for livestock industry. These technologies. proper utilization and recycling of agricultural waste/byproduct and also to minimize the cost on energy consumption. The agricultural engineering departments have taken interest in developing technologies. to take up these technologies for converting into production system an integrated programme for training of entrepreneurs must be taken up at the college level in collaboration with the industries and the government. however. underground water management and flood management are the three major problems of the country which are area specific.fineprint. for improvement of the farming sector and for the disciplines related to non-farming sectors. industries and financial management could be understood better. agro-based industries and domestic consumption needs special attention of the scientists to ensure regular availability of electricity. The conservation of natural resources through efficient use of soil and water in agriculture and allied sectors is another priority area of agricultural engineers which has to be taken up in cooperation with the professionals in the specialized vocations. Some spadework has been done in this direction which has not been helpful to large number of entrepreneurs despite the fact that the University and its scientists both could be financially benefited.
antifungal. production of transgenic plants. pesticidal hazard on pollinators. microbial polysacharides and organic acids will be harnessed. will be strengthened. symbiotic and associative symbiotic micro organisms. Modified gene constructs will be introduced into microbial and plant cell by transformation. multiplication of elite species and varieties through biotechnological means. biochemical and physiological basis for disease resistance and quality of foodgrain. is realized after a much longer duration. application of new compounds and their metal complexes for antibacterial. The work on nodulation and nitrogen fixation will be carried out in order to evolve biological means of providing nitrogen to crop plants by enhancing the active span of nodules. Some other important research strategies in basic sciences are presented below: More stress will be laid on physiology of abiotic stresses for identifying physiological biochemical and molecular traits in crops plants which could be selected and cultivated under stress conditions. These points will have to be taken into consideration to improve the quality and strength of basic research in the agricultural universities. The College of Basic Sciences has been involved in providing research support to different colleges of the University through its various departments in teaching programmes. dynamics of soil–water– plant interaction and crop modelling are some of the issues to be taken in the near future. Potential of micro organisms for production of industrial enzymes. natural plant resources are the other area which will be emphasized. However. pollen biotechnology and propagation of various plants of medicinal use will be another important area receiving priority. screening of nutritive quality in agricultural crops. biological approaches to gene mapping. which will help both for pollination of crops and for production of honey. The role of biotechnology. The knowledge gained from basic research has to be used in development of modern technologies so as to intensify the utilization of ever declining natural resources. However. Microbial processes for treatment of various types of industrial wastes will be attempted for pollution abatement and energy recovery. therefore. growth biochemical aspects of host-pathogen relationship. Studies on application of molecular biological approaches for genome maping for marker assisted selection of various crops. Application of regulators to legumes rhizosphere. molecular cytogenetics and genetic engineering are the other areas of basic research.fineprint. considering sustainability and quality of growth the research backup of basic sciences will always be recognized as prime force. tissue culture and pollen culture are some other important areas which need continuous attention of the basic science research. in vitro DNA manipulation for specific purposes of expression and transfer of genes in diverse biological systems will be taken up. for coordination in basic science research non-availability of the scientific manpower has been the major constraint. better nutrient. the applied sciences get the priority for major allocation of the funds and resources. Perfecting gene transfer. Work on pollination and selection of effective pollinators. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. recycling of waste. radioisotopes and nuclear techniques will increase to ensure major breakthrough in agriculture and allied sectors. Research will be taken up to develop fish and fisheries including processing.com . Physiological traits dealing with increased crop production. Microbial production of industrially useful products from agricultural raw materials. Dependence on biophysical.Basic Sciences The growth in agriculture on account of applied research in different colleges has. Molecular mechanism of stress induced male sterility in cereals. carbon and nitrogen use efficiency and post-harvest physiology. role of enzymes in food industry. nematicidal and insecticidal characterisation of germplasm. Development of better strains of nitrogen fixing organisms including asymbiotic. no doubt. development of diazotrophic strains able to perform well under adverse environmental conditions. post-harvest management to increase shelf-life of perishable and nonperishable foods. Emphasis will be laid on commercial utilization of bio-technological techniques especially in mass multiplication of elite species. been rapid and productive. The outcome of basic science.
generation of information on impact of technologies. • The women in agricultural operation participate to the extent of 70–80 percent. health problems. family nutrition. • The major thrust of the society is entrusted upon empowerment of women to overcome all the gender related problems. Hence. Home Science The existence of Home Science colleges in agricultural universities is justified mainly with their visible role in socio-economic upliftment of the rural women which is possible through bringing relevant changes in managing the house affairs. • The orientation of Home Science education. • The family resources. Emphasis will be laid on application of tools and techniques developed in agriculture. rural migration.Research on technology development on post harvest handling of raw as well as processed food products. there is no provision for training and empowerment of women involved in this sector. socio-economic implication of the new technologies. The Home Science scholars may identify the potential areas and means in this direction. millets and coarse grain is getting a lower priority in the food sector despite their higher nutritive value for human consumption. old age and changes in socio-economic conditions. In both the spheres it is also essential to ensure their participation not merely as a worker but also as decision maker and also to share the family income for improving the quality of life and towards their sustained development. The special strategy is required by way of research and human resource development for the benefit of women in agriculture. market projections. In context of hill region. based on the socio-economic strata. • The nutrition through under-utilized crops and locally grown pulses. illiteracy. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. and women and child health care are some important issues which need to be studied with specific reference to hill region. child education and rearing. demography and anthropological background the factual data of the rural women living in different parts of the state can be generated. However. This requires a massive information and media campaigning in addition to making provisions by amendment in the constitution and legislative acts. • The Home Science discipline has always shown its keen interest in creating incomegenerating activities through self-employment of rural women. natural resources. the job is still more challenging and requires essential research for starting new incomegenerating activities for them. The specific ways and means for women empowerment have to come through research in foresighted areas in Home Science. physical resources and other relevant conditions in the hill region are completely different from the plains. This is essential for planning any development programme related to upliftment of rural women. • The mother and child care issues require special attention of the development functionaries for success of which the research input will have major role. environmental factors. With specific responsibilities for women development in the hill region of Uttaranchal some important research strategies for 2020 are listed below: • Most of the problems of the rural women have been listed for the solution on generalized basis. While formulating any development programme. the child development. employment scenario and other aspect related to modernizing farming. utilization of under-utilized cereals for developing processed food products and development of technologies for minimally processed fruits and vegetables will be intensified. industrialization and changes in cropping pattern. biological and environmental science and also in fisheries and livestock.com . The main strategy in social science research would be towards.fineprint. cost-benefit ratio of the farming systems and component technologies. However. the development of family resources including children and by raising their income in on-farm as well as off-farm activities. poverty. The research and development work in this direction is a basic necessity of the Home Science discipline. it is necessary to have the information specific to this region. as it has been in the past is far from the scenario existing in the hill region. Main research emphasis will be on the areas related to unemployment.
• A comprehensive approach for utilization of land. These need to be properly addressed in future research agenda for the hill zone. etc. as given below. The following technologies need to be evolved for processing of fresh water fishes : • Chilling technology and cold storage studies on commercial species of freshwater fishes. • Hydrography of major aquatic systems to find out their carrying capacity and develop suitable fish yield models. Recharging of perennial natural streams should be the priority. for which adequate emphasis has not been given so far in the ongoing research programmes. organic farming. • Hatchery production of fish seed. Development of coldwater fisheries in Central Himalayan waters and the processing technology for freshwater fishes will also be the major issues before the University. minced fish meat. A judicious balance has to be maintained between conservation of biodiversity both at in-situ and ex-situ levels and their sustained utilization through use of PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. developing commercial level technology of catfish and prawn farming and production of pearl from freshwater mussels. Geographical information system (GIS) has not yet been used in the inland fresh-water bodies for resource estimation. assessment of capture fisheries and for the estimation of productivity including the fish production. Constant depletion of riverine fish resources is a cause of concern for which suitable strategies need to be planned. To address these issues the strategies have been planned as under: • Preparation of reliable database on culture and capture fisheries resources. • Development of aquaculture technology for economically viable cold water fish species. efficient water management techniques. • Freezing of whole fish. Forestry and Hill Agriculture There are many areas specific to the mountain regions.Fisheries Science In the fishery science the basic issues in the coming years will be to undertake research in basic and emerging areas of fisheries and develop reliable location-specific technological packages. This will require the identification and mapping of water bodies and development of cage culture and pen culture technologies for the same. GIS would be a new tool in fishery investigations.fineprint. Use of biofertilizers. The Himalaya is one of the eight sub-centres of crop origin identified within the Indian gene centres. • Improving quality of carp seeds through selection and broodstock improvement • Formulation of suitable aqua feed by making use of the locally available feed ingredients • Development of technology for augmenting fish production from lakes and reservoirs. fish fillets. organic waste recycling. • Developing suitable immunodiagnostic kits. • River ranching with good quality seed of gangetic carps. Therefore. for lowvalued species and for easy adoption at village levels. smoke curing etc. • Development of packaging technology for the various forms of processed freshwater fishes • Development of low input processing technology such as salting. water quality evaluation. are the major areas of research for the decades to come. • Developing user-friendly technologies for the control of pollution in natural waters. • Stocking of selected rivers with healthy seed of indigenous fishes. • Study of fish immunology with the objective of making fish resistant to certain common diseases leading to mortality.com . • Diversification of aquaculture species. etc derived from the freshwater fishery. • Conservation and utilization of biodiversity of Himalayan region of Uttaranchal is very important. water and other resources in a balanced and holistic manner is the need of the hour for which watershed management with proper land use planning should be the future research agenda.
Farmers-Friendly Participatory Extension Approach The socio-political changes in the country would demand farmer-first extension system. management. Emphasis on Internet-aided Extension Work Use of computer in the Directorate of Extension and its outreach branches will enhance organizational efficiency through management of information systems and decision support system. high-tech agriculture and entrepreneurial potential of farmers. With several innovative programmes. Computer aided extension will be a valuable component of farm advisory services for agriculture and related subjects. Characterization of genetic resources and its documentation and forming a data base for proper utilization will be our future thrust.com . The mountain region represents extremely varied climatic regimes ranging from sub-tropical to the alpine temperate. Participatory plant breeding should be the future research agenda. Further.• • • • innovative means. This will require mobilization of self-help groups in rural PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. KVKs will be electronically linked with the University on one hand and the development as well as farmers’ organizations on the other. extension programme of the University needs to be modernized and fresh approaches initiated which would be farmers-friendly. ecologically sustainable and may encourage participatory approaches. Paperless offices will be in operation and lengthy bureaucratic delays in filing reports will be done away with. This variation in agroclimate in the mountain region has not been adequately delineated into representative agro-ecological situations. A broad agroclimatic and reliable data-base is the need of the hour. The KVKs will have need-based staffing pattern. technologies. Some of the salient features of the issues and strategies related to the University extension and information dissemination for 2020 are given below: KVKs to Serve as Nerve Centre of Extension It is hoped that by 2020 each district under area jurisdiction of the University will be covered by one or two KVKs. Agroclimatology will play a greater role in future particularly in crop planning and management including pest and disease incidence forecasts. activities and roles KVKs will emerge as nerve centre of extension in the hills linking technology assessment and refinement and its dissemination through mass media. Production technologies incorporating indigenous knowledge system should be developed for sustainable production. Farmer’s participation in technology development and extension would be the main feature of the new extension approach. management and information communication technologies. Development of low cost eco-friendly agro-techniques involving indigenous material should be given top priority particularly in view of the fragile geomorphology and resource poor farmer of Himalyan region.fineprint. Integrated nutrient management and biocontrol measures should be given emphasis. Tele-text and video-text would also be available to provide information on market price. Issues and Strategies related to Extension Education and Information Dissemination With increasing advancements in research. Each KVK will have infrastructure facilities for production of audio-visual materials for on-campus and off-campus training. content and approach of work. the extension system needs modernization both in philosophy. This will be helpful for maximum utilization of scientific inputs duly blended with local experience and expertize. and decision making issues. No amount of conservation effort will succeed if attempt is not made for their economic utilization. immense potential of computers in providing ready to use extension services for the progressive farmers’ for adopting high-tech agriculture cannot be over emphasized. especially in respect of the scientific staff on the basis of periodic review of situation and agro-ecological based vocations. Active participation of user communities in the conservation of bio-diversity still remains a distant goal. In order to harness the full capability of electronic connectivity.
This could be suitably linked with the outreach stations. documentation and verification of indigenous and farmers’ generated knowledge and technologies will be done.. Provision of the Single Window Service/Advice System At the University headquarters and KVKs. the Kisan Sewa Kendra/ Agriculture Technology Information Centre (ATIC). personal growth and effectiveness. close interaction between scientists.com . In order to make technology more relevant for farmers of different categories. horticulture. fisheries. Thus. interactive audio and video system besides print and programmed learning materials which would be the distinguishing feature of extension teaching and learning process. To improve their quality of life. they will be connected with the University for assessing latest information and getting necessary advice. Self-help group of farmers will be appropriate forum for implementing technology assessment and refinement and communication. On the line of IGNOU. Thus. more and more farmers can be benefited through distance education course via television. entrepreneurial skills and their management but also in conflict resolution. processing. single window system of providing service. A lot of efforts will be needed to infuse self-management capabilities in farmers groups. Scientists and extension workers will need training to use sociological methods of working closely with the farmers in this venture. Thus. The farmers’ dependence on the State will be minimized by strengthening University extension system and farmers’ organization with Government department rendering only regulatory. University extension will become facilitator in the process. etc.fineprint. radio broadcasting. Such efforts will help in generating a mix of traditional technology and scientific recommendations for easy acceptance among farming community and maintenance of sustainability of natural resources. Training and education efforts will be needed not only in the emerging areas of technologies. Total uplift of Farm Family Most of the farmers in the Uttaranchal belong to the category of marginal and small farmer having less than one hectare of land. These centres will be suitably linked with the specialized labs of different colleges of the University. in order to get high technology and supporting information on marketing. Farmers will need training in managing local groups efficiently. identification. Similarly farmers experimentation will be facilitated by advice and infrastructure support from the University and other refined systems. Such specialized farmers’ group will have capability for growing products for export and specialized market. Distance Education for Farmers Human resource development through training and education will be the major thrust of future extension. extension functionaries and farmers will be needed.community to nurture farmers’ initiative in their own development. leadership networking. on-farm production PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. supply and service functions. Identification. For advice to visiting farmers suitable interactive video system would be developed and put to use. the University would launch and conduct in collaboration with the Doordarshan and private TV channels. etc. The KVKs will also have similar ATICs for multiple role through the same unit. Commodity-based Extension Commodity-based group formation would be facilitated for those engaged in flower cultivation. Such organization will be linked together for exchange. Farmer to farmer communication and training will be encouraged. Documentation and validation of Indigenous Technological Knowledge Keeping in view the need for maintaining bio-diversity and preservation and utilization of indigenous technological knowledge of local population. processing and such other enterprises. distance education programmes that would have suitable direct linkage with the Pant Farmers’ Club network as the base and KVKs as the middle-level for imparting skills. high-tech advice and inputs shall be introduced on the lines as being done by the Medical College to outpatients.
social and other prevailing situations. This again requires a multi-media approach and vocational education in agriculture and allied fields. availability of water and other natural resources. To overcome this situation computer-aided information technology will get the prime importance. In view of the changing scenario the technologies have been made specific to the agroclimatic and farming situations of individual farmer. it is desirable that each agricultural university should have some fixed hours for broadcasting/telecasting technical programmes for the benefit of the farmers. farm women and rural youth in the rural areas. The benefit of these vocationspecific technologies should reach the farmers and extension workers as quickly as possible.technology has to be supplemented with non-farm technologies. and ecological. for which suitable extension strategy need to be developed. Since neither extension education nor communication centre will be effective in isolation hence. In view of the above facts it will be desirable to start the Mass Media Research Centre for the university education and non-formal education to the farmers. social and economic situations have undergone drastic change during last 30–35 years of intensive cropping. Adoption of Computer-aided Information Technology The technological development in agriculture has given birth to several complications due to single effort on maximizing production. the tele-conferencing technique between the farmers and related agencies can be helpful in solving emerging problems in agriculture. the selectivity of information and technologies in agriculture and making specific recommendation has come up as a major challenge before the farm scientists. This is also important in view of the fact that the village-level extension workers have also no easy access to mass media/agricultural research stations/agricultural universities. Moreover. The soil fertility. like other fields of technical education. Interdependence of Communication and Information Services with Extension Education To keep pace with the advancement in the information and communication technology the University has established communication centre. Due to this reason only as many as 30 state agricultural universities and 28 National Research Centres have been established. food habits and several other factors. Some efforts and success have been made in this direction. so that the instant benefit of the scientific information could be available to the scientists and extension officials. The University has been placing its prime importance for last several PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. However. Establishing Mass Media Research Centre The information and communication technology has changed the scene of educational system in the country where distance education has got the prime importance particularly for those who could otherwise not pursue their higher education in the universities/colleges. Effective linkage between Electronic Media and Agriculture Universities The agriculture since the time immemorial has been subjected to the local environment. soils. their symbiotic role will be encouraged based on complementary role of both in the effective diffusion of information. Pantnagar University being the harbinger of Green Revolution in India and its outcampuses in the hill region are ideally suited for these innovative experiences. considering vast demand of information for need-based research we are still at the infancy stage. which requires analysis of the situation and resources. The modern agriculture during last 30 years has further demanded for technology development specific to the agroclimate. residual effect of pesticides on human life. health hazards. culture. will have to be given priority for self-employment. As such. considering the importance of the transfer of technologies with relevance and consequence. consultations and frequent interaction with the farm scientists. This information demand has to be further tailored with satellite information system. it has already well-equipped studio and other facilities including staff for programme production from radio/TV stations. Pantagar is the only university to have such a centre in the country. Since adoption of a new technology is essentially a decision making process. animals and soils.fineprint. Therefore.com .
M. In view of the high credibility. in a systematic manner so that different fields of agriculture and allied subjects may be benefited for evolving research strategies in the endeavour of search for new technologies for new generation and new agriculture.decades and with localization of electronic media. Realising this need. This in fact is a very big task. Modernizing Printing Unit Print media is the prime necessity for technology transfer and school education. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. which may be of immediate utility for the peasants and the students. experiences. systems. To evolve suitable strategies based on this foundation a comprehensive documentation of indigenous technologies/agriculture over the centuries is required. The sustainability does not mean limiting or raising agricultural production but also cope-up efficient utilization of available resources including manpower thereby ensuring more employment/self-employment for the people through combination of modern agriculture with traditional agricultural system. etc. systems. practices. Service through Information Shops Creating awareness of the information storage and retrieval system and making need-based information/technologies available to the farmers at their doorsteps is the need of the day. etc. Realizing this need the University plans to reach thousands of villages at low cost using multimedia approach at each centre in the village so that millions of farmers could be benefited in their village itself without wasting time and money. it would be a high time for the University to have one TV Station at Pantnagar and one F. The same building may have the appropriate space for establishment of Kisan Sangrahalaya-cum-documentation centre on indigenous technologies/practices. However.fineprint.com . practices. repeated use and reference value the print media still dominates in education and technology transfer. The coordinated efforts of the line departments together with service agencies and NGOs and similar other agencies or departments will ensure integrated role in development of the clientele and adoption of new technologies. Publication and Communication Directorate will be integrated and pooled together as all these units are inter-dependent on each other. The services of Press. The students as well as farmers need to be provided with problem-oriented small literature. Construction of a Separate Building For providing specialized media facilities it is essential that these should be centrally located for effective service to all the units of the colleges and also to develop an appropriate infrastructure with specialized facilities and equipment for catering variety of services to these units/colleges. education and documentation of the technologies. Extension education requires coordinated and integrated effort The University extension system due to limited staff and funds at its disposal can’t have impact on technological development for the entire state of Uttaranchal. it should be done by establishing a Krishi Sangrahalaya in which the agricultural heritage will be presented in a comprehensive way for information. information. technologies. considering the threats of new agriculture it would be desirable to put our priorities on pooling the past information. Most appropriately. This can be possible better through application of modern printing technologies. Documentation of Traditional Agriculture and Indigenous Technologies through Establishment of Krishi-Sangrahalaya There is hardly any need to emphasize the importance of indigenous technologies and traditional agricultural systems with reference to attaining sustainability in agricultural production. Broadcasting Station at all the districts of Uttaranchal so that KVKs may be made more effective and dynamic in their role in modernization of agriculture. the existing letterpress printing system will be modernized through offset printing technology.
well equipped research centres and laboratory facilities for basic and applied research and higher education in agriculture. A comparison of the present with the early sixties gives us great satisfaction in terms of its all-round development and in the dynamic world we are well equipped to venture to take on the new responsibility of agricultural development in Uttaranchal. managerial and communication skills. The University. storage.Development of small and marginal holdings of Uttaranchal is feasible largely through cooperative efforts of farmers in arranging input.help groups and special interest groups for promoting on-farm and off-farm activities is the key to success under these situations.000 residents and has all the amenities and facilities which are rare in other campuses. • Each college has got some highly specialized. not only by its birth but also by its contributions and rewards. as evidenced by various international collaborative research programmes and posting of its alumni in various responsible positions in national/international organizations. has grown as a township of about 40.fineprint. marketing. Strength • The setting of this University in a pollution-free environment representing the green belt of the Tarai region. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. cooperation and support can be secured for further development of this university. • With new research and extension responsibility the University has greater scope to initiate and coordinate research projects with other SAUs/institutions of ICAR and secure greater integration for effective technology generation and dissemination. At this juncture it is essential to review and analyze our strengths. fishery. self. home science and other allied subjects. transportation. The University has several distinctive features in all the three programmes. Hence identifying and training women will be essential to equip them with technology. is itself an asset for the Uttaranchal state and the Government of India. no doubt. No doubt. • The courses and curricula of the undergraduate and post-graduate programmes in different faculties and dynamic approach for needful revision as and when required provides a solid background for all-round development of the students. etc. technology. The notable achievements in education have been substantiated by students placement in private and public sector organizations of national and international repute. research and extension.com . These departments may further be upgraded as College/institute/school depending upon the need and scope of their development. Farm women’s role as female agricultural extension worker will be supreme. where receptivity of farmers is very high. • Our major strength comes through highly qualified and experienced scientists. life at Pantnagar during the early days was full of problems and difficulties but as the work culture and discipline has put the University on the top. veterinary sciences. Motivation of farmers. social. SWOT Analysis Through sustained efforts during the last 40 years this university has been applauded for a significant and a far-reaching impact on agricultural education. forestry. has above 10 acre land for seed production which is a great asset to earn a name in the service of farmers. well-developed and equipped departments and also has experience of serving as Centre of Advanced Studies. Their strength. • The University has established a good reputation among national and international centres of agricultural education and research. • The University in addition to pollution free environment and well extended research centres. weaknesses and opportunities so that we may herald a faster growth in the next 20 years and fulfill the aspirations and expectations of the people of Uttaranchal.
• Linkage among research scientists. there are ample opportunities for high demand of new products. depleting resources and many other adversities. • The University scientists have succeeded in evolving technologies for higher production but in respect of quality improvement they are lagging behind. • The institutional linkage to strengthen human resource development. For want of their substitution or repair the research programmes suffer. Opportunities • With the globalization of markets. • Research on socio-economic and policy aspects has also not received due attention. Similarly there are a growing demands for highly trained manpower in specialized subjects. extension personnel and farmers has also been poor. greater receptivity for modernization of agriculture among farmers and high investment. • There is already a growing awareness about the hazards the Indian agriculture is likely to face in the next century on account of stagnation in yield. • During the last three decades in the race to earn more there has been an unbalanced production of crops. • There is also a lack of appropriate priority setting at the University level which leads to duplicity of research and infrastructure development. • The University has procured several costly equipments in the past most of which have gone out of order. is considered as a hot spot to test crop varieties against the pests and diseases. vegetables and poultry products causing their glut or scarcity in the market. • There is a lack of sufficient funds for renovation and modernization of the laboratories which were established nearly four decades ago. Unfortunately.Weaknesses • Our graduates are inclined towards job searching in spite of opportunities to earn equal or more through self-employment.com . collaborative research. • The main campus being located in the Tarai region. • Lack of strong linkage with the line departments of the state and other universities has also resulted in the multiplicity of isolated research efforts and the lack of synergy. unabated growing pollution. their number is going down day by day. • It is felt that we have not made a desired progress in basic and strategic research which is essential for advancement of science. maintenance and renovation of buildings is also a major problem.fineprint. We do not have priority and programmes on disaster management. continuous use of chemicals and pesticides with harmful residues. Repair. • The University is poised for development of agriculture and related industry in conformity with the norms and standards set by WTO which is only possible if we have a requisite number of scientists. This has resulted in slow pace of technology transfer. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. staff training and management issues is not sufficient to meet new challenges of the next 20 years. • Lack of resources for diagnostic surveys has been one of the shortcomings in our research efforts. • The Uttaranchal State has predominance of subsistence agriculture and much has not been achieved/done on the research front for small and marginal farmers as also for rainfed agriculture. The scientists have to prepare themselves to overcome these problems and new challenges need to be faced in the twenty-first century through new research strategies and action plans. Similarly to ensure nutrition security and sustainability in agricultural production very little has been done. • Despite development of production technologies. the profit from agriculture and allied sectors is not secured due to frequent and uncontrollable natural disasters. Water leakage during rainy season may spoil sophisticated air-conditioned labs. Due to this exceptional situation it is likely to provide disease/pest resistant varieties of different crops/vegetables.
As a result. with the membership of India in the World Trade Organization and globalization of agriculture. processing related to crops. trees. Threats • Due to ever increasing population.• • • • • • • • The Pantnagar Centre For Plant Genetic Resources is likely to start functioning in the next few months which will be helpful in screening. it would be necessary to create new disciplines and assign many new research projects to solve the aforesaid problems for which the University scientists will face many challenges and constraints. new research centres will have to be created which requires sufficient funds and hardwork. energy management. As said earlier. fruits. • For commercialization of agriculture in the hills huge investment and capital is required which is beyond the reach of the farmers residing in these areas.fineprint. The progress and growth demands for future research in these areas. the work suffers in different ways. etc. processing and services sector. which require continuous research. The diversification of agriculture will provide plenty of opportunities to the scientists. • The University does not have well equipped laboratories and infrastructures at its outreach research stations in the hill and Tarai region which are essential for conducting locationspecific research. The agricultural technology information is another potential area which can be catered/disseminated effectively through computer and internet services. The cropping intensity in irrigated as well as rainfed areas is very low which can be doubled using irrigation and other infrastructure in agriculture. Hence. growing urbanization. Hence. biotechnology. home science.com . • The development of difficult areas like the hills requires dedication and missionary spirit contrary to the existing environment and life style of the scientists and staff where every one wants to move towards urban/city areas in the plains. egg. marketing. About 17 million ha land in this country is lying waste and can be utilized for agriculture after its reclamation. In the absence of the requisite facilities the scientists will have to work in cooperation with farmers for testing and verification of technologies developed by them. veterinary science. pollution of air and water and excessive industrial effluents the Indian Agriculture is likely to be adversely affected in the 21st century. Due to globalization of agriculture new areas have emerged for production. the University scientists will now have many new challenging areas for new research projects. • With the dominance of the industrial sector and a handful of influentials there is a continuous threat to agriculture being affected with effluents and pollutants which will prove hazardous to crops. animals and human health. This provides an opportunity to the scientists to work in an integrated manner and raise production and employment opportunities. be it agriculture. New areas in every field. farmers and industries to move towards prosperity and self-employment in the agricultural sector. fish. collection and testing of maximum germplasms available in this region specially the Himalayan region which is supposed to be richer in biodiversity having many species of plants and animals not found elsewhere. milk. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Uttaranchal will be no exception to this problem. Thus we have got the greatest opportunity for bio-diversity conservation with the help of this centre. meat. technology and other disciplines will be emerging to be tackled through long-term research in soil and water management.
• Development of hybrids for high productivity and grain quality to accelerate the export of scented/Basmati rice. Hence. Research Perspective in Agriculture Keeping in mind the priorities of the nation/state the following programmes and subprogrammes have been identified: Crop Improvement and Genetic Engineering Heterosis Breeding • Apomixis in hybrid seed production to enhance the availability of inexpensive hybrid seed to the farmers. open pollinated varieties. pulses. sugarcane. While formulating the perspective plan thrust was laid on upgradation of the existing units. Conventional Breeding • Breeding for improved pure lines. vegetables.com . It has also been a pioneer in undergraduate and postgraduate education as well as in transfer of technology. vegetables. Alternaria and white rust in Brassica juncea. New departments and units will be started with additional resources and funds from the State Government and the ICAR.fineprint. • Development of short duration hybrids of pigeonpea for north Indian conditions. their programmes and activities so as to meet the requirements of the future. Breeding for Quality • Breeding for quality in selected crops such as grain quality of bread and durum wheat and identification of superior genotypes for improvement of baking and cooking quality in cereals particularly wheat and rice. etc.Perspective Plan The perspective plan for the next 20 years has been propounded considering issues and strategies for the sustained growth and development of each discipline/faculty of the University. enough room has been provided to maintain its national character and also to meet the expectations of the newly created State. sugarcane. composites. • Exploitation of molecular basis for male sterility and fertility restoration to hasten the pace of development of hybrids. • Evolving superior quality hybrids with high yield and pest/disease resistance in vegetable crops. cloning and characterization of important plant genes leading to improvement of major crops for different agro-ecosystems in cereals. • Development of hybrids for high productivity. College of Agriculture The College of Agriculture has a glorious record of outstanding research and technology development during the last 40 years. oilseeds. flowers and fruits to continue. of major crops for different agro-ecosystems in cereals. pulses. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Greater emphasis is being placed on bridging the existing gap through need-based budget allocation for new activities and programmes in each college and unit of the University. • Development of short-duration single-cross hybrids. • Development of high yielding hybrids of rapeseed mustard with resistance to aphids. The newly created State has to arrange its priorities of development which will also affect the programmes of the University. oilseeds. Genetic transformation • Isolation. flowers and fruits to continue.
• Development of pathogen resistant transgenics and identification of biocontrol agents. • Improvement of seed production/ propagation technology of horticultural/ vegetable crops. • Preservation of fruits and vegetables by food additives and fermentation. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. • Physiological changes during handling. • Seed treatment including coating and plating for enhanced field emergence and crop vigour. salinity. adaptability and resistance to major biotic and abiotic stresses. • Identification of genotypes tolerant to insect/pest damage during post harvest. temperature and waterlogging. • Increased availability of seeds of hybrids. pod borer in pigeonpea and fusarium wilt in chickpea. • Cataloguing of promising genetic stalks • Inventory of temperate fruit germplasm of Himalayas. • Development of package of practices for protected horticulture. pulses and banana. white rust and aphids in Brassica. • Genetic engineering for stress tolerance. Protected horticulture • Screening and development of appropriate protected environment and structures. Identification of genes and development of transgenics for improvement of nutritional quality in cereals. packing and storage of fresh horticultural produce. • Advanced studies on plant growth regulation in relation to crop productivity. alternaria. To enrich Anthocyanin content in vegetables. • Revolutionizing the concept of seed village. conservation and evaluation in mandate crops • Identification of traits governing yield. Germplasm collection. foliar blights and karnal bunt in wheat.com . bacterial leaf blight in rice. • Basic research on host–pathogen interaction to improve understanding of the mechanism of pathogenicity.fineprint. Seed production and quality management • Improvement of hybrid seed technology in field crops particularly in rice and single cross maize.• • • • Quality improvement in pulses. Breeding for biotic stresses • Genetic engineering for disease and insect pest resistance. • Plant growth hormones and their use in horticultural crops. Breeding for canola (‘O’ and ‘OO’) types rapeseed-mustard. Breeding for abiotic stresses • Breeding for abiotic stresses like drought. quality. Horticultural crops • Standardization and development of appropriate root stalks of mango/citrus/guava/pome and stone fruits for better adopted root system and high density orcharding. • Seed quality evaluation. • Development of suitable environmental control systems for polyhouses. • Breeding for resistance to rusts. • Identification and development of promising genotypes for higher water-use efficiency. maintenance and enhancement for improved germination. vigour and genetic purity. • Disease control including IPM under protected environment. • Crop improvement and rapid propagation techniques.
Sheesham. water. • Utilization of honey production potential. • Development of appropriate cropping system under resource constraints. phosphate solubilizing microorganisms and nutrient mobilizing mycorrhizae. Water Resource Management • Studies on soil. Resource Management and Farming Systems Soil Health Care and Management • Development of diagnostic tools for monitoring organic matter turnover. • Quality retention and increased shelf-life of flowers. • Eco-friendly integrated plant nutrient management systems for sustainable crop yield in different crops and cropping systems. • Development of improved management techniques. • Crop modelling simulation techniques for important crops for improved crop productivity. climate and crop resources using remote sensing and GIS techniques. Apiculture • Role assessment of honey bees in hybrid seed production. Salix. • Identification of efficient strains/biological nitrogen fixers. Kadamb and Mundani. • Impact of global climatic change on agro-ecosystem. • Development of soil health indices for sustainable crop production and cropping systems management. • Studies on nutrient dynamics in soil and plant for efficient utilization of plant nutrients and development of nutrient uptake models.Floriculture • Development of export-quality roses/bulbous plants and other flowers. • Crop production forecasting for policy planning. • Developing appropriate technology for watersheds in the hilly areas. • Assessment and utilization of municipal. • On-farm water management. water and nutrient dynamics for improved water and nutrient use efficiency and water balance studies. Agroforestry • Tree improvement in Poplar. utilization and enhanced soil nutrient availability. • Identification and characterization of genotypes for efficient nutrient uptake.com . • Generation of data base and assessment of soil. • Crop management technology under limited water supply. • Determination of water requirements of horticultural crops under micro-irrigation system. • Management of agroforestry systems. • Management of rice–wheat cropping system. • Development of low-cost technology for small and marginal farmers. • Development of efficient crop residue recycling technique. • Production of bio-fertilizers to reduce the use of chemical fertilizer. • Processing and fortification of agricultural residues and their utilization.fineprint. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. • Management of degraded lands. • Development of improved technology for rain water management. agricultural and industrial wastes in relation to crop production and development of scientific compost technology. Mushroom • Identification of new high-yielding strains.
PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. • Development of forecasting modules for major diseases. agricultural communication. • Developing ways and means of augmenting feed resources and improving their utilization. chromosomal manipulation techniques. packaging and storage of food products and horticultural produce. • Dehydration. seed production technology. • Introduction of silk worm in newer areas. • Management of Phalaris minor in wheat. Updating and strengthening undergraduate and post-graduate educational programme will cover. • Integrated plant disease management and introductory nematology (UG).g. Animal Sciences • Development of cattle breeds which could make effective use of available feed resources. • Advanced genetics. molecular techniques in plant breeding. advanced cytology and cytogenetics. • Studies on residue management of agro-chemicals. • Establishment of mobile plant disease clinic.Sericulture • Enhancing production potential of Mulberry silk worm. • To develop low-cost technologies for value addition. plant nutrient deficiency. • Development of residue free IPM in vegetable production. advanced virology.fineprint. crop modelling and simulation techniques and biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding. • Developing livestock production systems for different size of farms in the mixed farming system. crop residue management. Food and Nutrition • Preservation of fruits and vegetable slices and juices by adding food additives and fermentation. apiculture. • Fruits and vegetable product development to suit the requirement of domestic and export markets. • Development of diagnostic technique for efficient disease management. Human Resource Development The college will continue to perform the important role in the development of trained manpower in various fields of agricultural sciences.com . • Development of fruit products having medicinal value. • Development of integrated disease management modules and strategy involving genetic resistance. Plant protection • Host–pathogen interaction studies. diagnosis of plant diseases. • Developing low-cost animal management systems. • Refinement and adoption of bio-intensive IPM for rice. • Studies on weather–disease–pest dynamics and forecasting. advanced techniques in plant pathology and molecular basis of host pathogen interaction in plant pathology • Soil and water conservation. • Integrated weed management. • Integrated pest management. New courses and advanced training programmes will be launched in order to develop the required manpower to meet the fast expanding private industry and also for promotion of entrepreneurship. watershed management in Agronomy • Training in frontier areas e. IPM. cultural and chemical practices and use of biocontrol. mushroom. bio-fertilizers.
side effects. Modernization of slaughter house and technology optimization for quality improvement. It will work on issues and areas which can be helpful to integrate livestock production with crops.com . fodder and soil treatments and suggesting remedial measures. the college has also visualized its role to identify weaknesses and priority areas in improvement of the veterinary sector and to overcome the problems through timely advice to the State Government and also to offer periodical and inservice training to the veterinary professionals. lab-manuals and A. • Production of teaching aids including video technology. induced lactation and deep frozen semen technologies for genetic improvement. Considering the above basic framework the priority areas of the college are presented below: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Strengthening of disease reporting system and diagnostic laboratories for establishing a reliable disease data bank. Crossbreeding for upgrading non-descript cattle with improved Indian breeds and introducing exotic germplasm in milk shed areas with abundant feed and fodder resources. examination etc. aids including video tapes. • Post doctoral training. Male buffalo calf-rearing. research and extension programmes. alternative meat sources from non-conventional meat animals. animal shelter engineering studies. Development of quick and reliable diagnostic kits using new technologies for important diseases and their upgradation to cost-effective industrial processes for mass production. Identification of toxic chemicals and heavy metals contaminating feed. detoxification and removal of anti-nutritional factors for new feed development. These changes will be made effective to ensure balanced growth of this discipline through teaching. slides and computer programmes College of Veterinary Sciences With implementation of directives and guidelines of the Veterinary Council of India the College of Veterinary Sciences has already introduced substantial changes in terms of syllabus. culling of low productive or unproductive animals. departments. • Collaboration with advanced educational and research centres at national and international level.fineprint. While formulating the strategy for the next 20 years. Exploitation of local herbs and medicinal plants for cheaper and safe indigenous drugs. buffalo. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Research on integrated crop–husbandry farming and recycling of animal wastes. field efficiency and their commercial value. Appropriate management practice for sound animal health and intensive farmer awareness programme. determination of appropriate doses. Exploration of non-conventional feeds. sheep and goat and their growth.• Establishment of the Centres of advanced studies.V. poultry. Quality improvement through supplementation and complementation of minerals and vitamins. Embryo transfer technology. Research Priorities In the next 20 years the college will concentrate its efforts on an allround improvement of livestock so that it may prove to be a backbone of the rural economy. fishery. production and disease resistance. etc. Research on integrated approach for the control of livestock and poultry diseases. Genetic evaluation of local breeds of cattle. course duration. • Training in latest methodologies of teaching communication skills and production of text books. horticulture. • Facilitation study tour for faculty members. infrastructure.
5. well-equipped laboratories and strong infrastructural facilities shall continue to be the thrust area of the college which will be reinforced through.C. biotechnological innovation for novel product development. degree programmes in Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine. Faculty Upgradation. Installation of a walky-talky system in ambulatory van of the college. Livestock Products Technology. goats. 6.Associating 3–4 nearby veterinary hospitals as veterinary teaching hospitals . New educational programmes at undergraduate and postgraduate levels will be given emphasis for which certain specialized training centres will be established. . Declaration of Veterinary Hospitals of Rudrapur. Livestock Production and Management. The veterinary graduates with good academic record will have lucrative fellowships for post-graduate studies. need-based curriculum. Other spheres of human resource development in veterinary sciences will include. Development of Veterinary Instructional Technology for training of teachers and veterinarians.• Process optimization and diversification. Human Resource Development Improvement in quality of instruction through qualified faculty. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Besides.V. The participation of the industries in research activities will be expedited. 4.Sc.D. Poultry Science and Veterinary Extension. Creation of New Departments : The College will soon add a new department of Dairy Technology.Upgrading college Animal Clinic as veterinary polyclinic .D. . sheep. and development of equestrian facilities. Kichha and Haldwani as teaching hospitals to improve facilities of disease diagnosis and treatment. A summary of the vision 2020 of the College of Technology is given below. New Training Programme for teachers 1. 3. 2. Development of PG Diploma Programme in Wild Life Management 2. research and technology transfer in the next 20 years.C. New PG Diploma Programme 1. College of Technology The College is poised to expand its activities of teaching. equines for practical training of students and farmers. The technology transfer and consultancy activities will be further strengthened.Developing instructional farms for pigs. Provision of sending 3–4 faculty members every year will be made. Development of National Diploma Programmes in all those areas which will be identified and agreed upon by the VCI. use of non-conventional low-cost ingredients.Expansion of building/space for undergraduate and post-graduate studies .fineprint. new postgraduate programmes in the following disciplines will also be started : Development of M. periodicals etc. To keep pace with the latest developments. degree programmes in Veterinary Economics and Dairy Technology. books. . Modernization of laboratories for upstream research.com . and Ph.Strengthening of laboratories. Incorporation of Yogic philosophy in veterinary education. Starting of Remount and Veterinary Corps (RVC) N. rabbits. New Educational Facilities 1. Proper attention will be paid to emerging areas. The research directions will be appropriately reset as per the requirements of the future. Development of Ph.Strengthening of college library with need based facilities. it is essential to upgrade the faculty through 3–6 month training in developed countries/specialized laboratories. Establishment of Centre of history of Veterinary Science. by-products utilization.
Tech. Diversification of Elective Package for B. Programmes The College strives to introduce new programmes leading to M. degrees in areas. Digital Communication Engineering. Centre of Advanced Studies in Food Biotech Engineering. viz. film projector and multi media systems would be introduced to modernize the teaching programmes in the class-rooms.Starting new B. Farm Machinery. 2. Starting new Ph. programmes in other branches of engineering. Therefore. Food Biotech Engineering. Communication and Networking. Watershed Management Engineering. Information Technology and Computer Science. Environmental Engineering.D. Electronic System Modelling and Computing. Tech. Starting new M. Bio-Electronics. it is envisioned that no engineer would be able to perform his task without adequate knowledge and use of computers. Computer Orientation of Teaching With the explosion of knowledge in information technology and computer applications.Tech. In addition to these. Constructional Technology and Management. degrees in the areas.com .Tech. Establishment of Centre of Advanced Studies The College envisages to establish the following Centres of Advanced Studies : 1. Optical Fibre Communication. Bio-electronics. undergraduate programmes leading to the degree of B. slide projector. Satellite Communication Engineering Image Processing and Remote Sensing. Water Resources Development and Management Engineering. Digital Electronics. The number of elective courses will also be increased appropriately. Microwave and Radar Engineering. B. Research Focus for 2020 Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering • • • • • • Reduced and precision tillage Rice cultivation machinery Root crop cultivation machinery Sugarcane cultivation machinery Development of cultivation machinery for subsoil cultivation and management Development of biogas technology for low temperature conditions PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. viz. Programmes The College will introduce new programmes leading to Ph. Programmes The elective courses at undergraduate level shall be expanded to impart the latest knowledge to students regarding developments in various specializations. Agro-electronics shall be started. Farm Power and Energy Management. Fuzzy Logic.Tech. Communication and Control Engineering. Electronics and Instrumentation. Foundation Engineering. Information Technology Management. it has become necessary to enhance the speed of coverage of courses in the class-room and to make the communication more effective.Tech.D. Programmes Depending on the needs. Agricultural Environmental Engineering. Geotechnical Engineering/Soil Mechanics. viz. Centre of Advanced Studies in Irrigation Water Management Engineering. Agro-electronics and Instrumentation. Promoting Use of AV Aids in Classrooms In view of faster developments in knowledge in different subjects. Audio visuals like overhead projector. the entire education at UG and PG level will be computer oriented and efforts would be made to maximize the use of the computers in each course. in different disciplines of agricultural engineering shall be started. different Electronics.fineprint.
analysis and interpretation of hydrometeorological data Design of surface and subsurface drainage system for reclaiming waterlogged and saline soils Design of water lifting devices and various types of pumps Conjuctive use and pollution studies of surface and ground waters Water resource planning and development Application of physical.com . • Application of biotech engineering to food processing • Food packaging • Newer approaches to milling technology • By-product and waste management • Energy management in food industry • Seed processing • Strengthening basic research in food process • Fish processing • Controlled atmosphere storage (CAS) and modified atmosphere storage (MAS) • Honey processing • Chemical-free food preservation system • Newer approaches to milling technology • By-product management in food industry • Energy management in food industry • Environmental and pollution control • Tea processing Department of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering • Watershed management through remote sensing techniques PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. orchard and tall trees sprayer especially for application of biopesticides Development of alternate sources of energy Mechanization of hill agriculture Development of equipment for injection of slurry and deep placements of fertilizers Agricultural residue and waste management Ergonomics and safety in hill agriculture especially for women farmers Development and use of alternate fuels for use in engines Department of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering Emphasis will be on the application of engineering principles in the following : • • • • • • • • • • • • Collection. technology and equipments for fruits and vegetables products. mathematical and computer stipulated techniques in irrigation drainage and ground water Micro-irrigation and sprinkler irrigation studies Application of remote sensing and GIS in water resources planning Performance studies of canal irrigation distribution and equity Surface and underground water conveyance systems for irrigation water On-farm water management studies in canal commands Design and development of aquacultural farms Department of Post Harvest Process and Food Engineering • Developments of process.fineprint.• • • • • • • • • Mechanization of horticultural and vegetable crops Mechanization of floriculture Development of high crop.
This would permit programme mode research in identified critical gap areas. Under human resource development programme of the college in next 20 years special attention will be on : • Providing skills to the students at undergraduate and postgraduate levels so as to work with rural women for women empowerment. College of Home Science The vision 2020 of home science education at this university is focussed on equal opportunities for male and female students. constructions/modernization of seminar rooms and classrooms and additional manpower recruitment. technical and administrative staff in addition to the existing manpower. that would be able to discover new scientific base for technology development and the other that would plan and prepare policies which would ensure that fruits of rapid scientific and economic progress foreseen in the 21st century reach common people in an equitable way and the social upheavals witnessed in the 20th century are avoided. The Departments would be reorganized as thematic schools of (1) Modern Biology and Biotechnology (2) Bioresource and Environment. Business Communication. Aquaculture Engineering. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Computer Simulation and Micro-Irrigation Systems will be established. Drainage Engineering. The Department of Post-Harvest Process and Food Engineering will have laboratories of Drying Technology. technology. management and society in a synergistic way. HRD and Research Perspectives The College envisages reorganizing and reorienting the teaching and research efforts in biological and physical sciences. College of Basic Sciences and Humanities In its perspective vision. The College would require a good number of teaching.fineprint. emphasis on vocational education. Packaging. The existing seminar rooms/classrooms shall be modernized and new seminar rooms/classrooms shall be developed to meet the growing requirements of the College. Environmental Engineering. Down Stream Processing. (4) Community Planning and Resource Management and (5) Energy and Material Sciences. people-friendly soil and water conservation measures and structures.• • • • Techniques for evaluation of effects of soil conservation measures on watersheds Pollution problems of water resources of a watershed Reclamation of waste lands Inexpensive. Oilseed Processing. Information Technology and Community Resource Management would need to be put in place to develop science. Fruits and Vegetables Processing and Food Equipment Testing. In the Department of Farm Machinery and Drainage Engineering new laboratories of Remote Sensing Application. Infrastructure Development The infrastructure will have to be considerably strengthened by establishing new laboratories in different departments. (3) Computational Science and Information Technology. Water Resources Engineering.com . Field research / Demonstration Laboratory and Computer Aided Soil and Water Conservation Laboratory will be established in the Department of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering. research and technology transfer activities in future. priority for private sector jobs and more emphasis on allied activities so as to train them as professionals in this discipline. College visualizes the need to develop two types of manpower– One. The faculty of the College will have to be strengthened for meeting the challenges of education. Well-planned post-graduate programmes in Development Sociology.
Food quality evaluation and certification laboratories. governmental institutions involved in development and welfare of families. facilities and supporting staff will be required to make classroom teaching more effective. Establishing within a five year. angora rabbit will also be added to it. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. • Leadership role among women for facilitating women participation in development. Well equipped laboratories are the need of the times. Use of computers and information technologies will improve networking and interaction with national and international scientists. private sector undertakings. Counselling centres giving support system to special child. Mobilizing resources to influence public policy. • Creche development management of children centres. various audio visual aids in current use and provision for continuous water and electricity supply will improve curriculum delivery. Facilities for improvement in transportation will facilitate out of reach programmes especially in research and community work. household management.• • • • • • • • • • • providing grassroot. • Role of women in production and community management. equipping and establishing infrastructure facilities in commensurate with the goals set for the next 20 years. fitness and sports. Provision of gallery space to display the skills learnt and to develop interaction with commercial setups would be essential to commercialize the skills and products. diet related diseases. Provision of visiting professor and guest lectures by eminent personalities in all areas would also be added. home science research programme for the century will be made innovative and relevant. Establishing linkage of Home Science College with NGOs. On line counselling for people and students is envisaged in the next 15-20 years. for the functionaries of the development departments. interior designing. equipment. apiculture. small scale food processing units. Some salient areas of research are listed below: • Emphasis on rural women and women empowerment devices. Rural Technology Dissemination Centre. ceramics pottery units and agro-based units like mushroom production. Strengthening and Development of Infrastructure Facilities Modernization of classrooms with better equipment. research and extension. Restructuring Home Science Curriculum by incorporating a course on women based income generating activities and entrepreneurship development with adequate provision for practical training selected areas of students and women’s interest in various units like faction technology. Research Perspective in Home Science Home Science being a service-oriented profession aims to improve the quality of home and family life. Designing course curriculum and strategies for starting distance education in various specific subjects for school drop outs. sericulture. middle-level and higher-level training courses in the areas of food processing. furnishing and tapestry. actively thoughtful and explicit in their values. Renovating. To prepare graduates and post-graduates through Home Science Education to be reflective. Family Life Education/Counselling. To contribute to the development of family life. apparel designing. beliefs and multifaceted framework of teaching. family relations. garment making. • Problems and difficulties faced by rural women. • Indigenous food production systems.fineprint. poultry. a Nutrition Counselling Cell. Child Guidance and Counselling. Child Development and Care Laboratory. taking into account the rapidly changing structure and function of the rural households. More laboratories. • Problems and difficulties of working women.com . Establishing a placement cell at the College of Home Science. etc. textile.
at the MFSc and PhD levels are envisaged to meet the growing professional manpower needs in fisheries sector. • The collaborative programmes will be carried out with Institutes like NRCCWF ( Cold water fisheries). fishery engineering etc. CIFA (Freshwater Aquaculture).com . CIFRI (Reservoir fisheries) and States Fisheries Departments ( for supply of quality fish seed to fish farmers and stocking of reservoirs and lakes with fish seed).Captive broodstock development and production of quality fish seed . • The introduction of specialized programmes in Fishery Hydrography. Operational research related to social policy and demography. process and formulate comprehensive data on all aspects of inland fisheries and maintain the same in the form of data bank. research and development as well as for industry in private and public sectors in fisheries will be assessed. The research areas identified for the purpose are given below: .Development of innovative aquaculture PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Social and political role of women in contemporary society. etc. Fish Processing Technology.Designing of efficient hatcheries and improving farm engineering . The centre will collect. • The programme aims to set up an Informatics Centre on inland fisheries to cater to the requirements of North Indian states. Fishery Biotechnology. microbiology and fish disease laboratory. Drudgery of women in rural areas.R. • Capsule courses for teachers/trainers/ farmers/entrepreneurs will be developed and organized to upgrade their knowledge and professional skill. processing. fish feed formulation and processing unit and fishery engineering laboratories will be taken up. NBFGR (Fish Genetics Research).Development of cheap and efficient fish feed . College of Fishery Sciences Human Resource Development The development of fishery sector requires a strong force of professionally trained manpower. • The College proposes to lay more emphasis on applied research leading to generation of technology in frontier areas of fishery science. fishery biotechnology laboratory.Development of sustainable aquaculture systems . The following H. Fish Nutrition and Feed Technology. Potential areas for participation in the income generating activities. Research Perspectives The research agenda of the College for the coming years will include a major component of collaborative research endeavours to avoid duplication of research efforts.D. thereby gearing fishery education programmes to produce the required manpower. Women development and training for greater participation in production. youth and adults in the family. Fish Pathology. Technological empowerment of women. compile. resource management. culture. will be incorporated periodically. Its requirement for teaching. To execute the existing as well as proposed programmes in future. The college has identified the following priority areas under vision 2020. seed production. International collaboration with ICLARM and NACA will also be required . The information will be of use for all the concerned Institutes/Agencies/Departments..fineprint. programmes will be taken up during the next 20 years. consumption and decision making.• • • • • • • • Food processing and nutrition management Food and nutrition for children. • The technological developments in various disciplines of fisheries viz. modernization of laboratories and field facilities and creation of new units like fish seed production unit. encourage partnership roles and sharing of efforts and benefits of researches.
Isolation.Capture fisheries resources and management . supporting departments.Nutrient dynamics. Post-harvesting Technologies in Horticulture. Their training and visits to reputed institutions in India and abroad. product development diversification and value addition. Land Resource Management.Probiotics and biofertilizers . laboratories and adequate fields for practical training.Development of catfish and freshwater prawn culture technologies .Aquatic biodiversity and environmental impact assessment . Processing and Utilization of Herbal Plants. The College of Forestry and Hill Agriculture will have to play the most important role in development of agriculture in the hill region in the next 20-25 years in view of the fact that its location and subject are related and the activities can be dovetailed to cater to the needs of this region. classrooms. Forestry Extension and Industrial Forestry • Strengthening of Infrastructure: The new college and its envisaged programmes will need a composite infrastructure in terms of residences. College of Forestry and Hill Agriculture The College of Forestry and Hill Agriculture has attained the goals of starting undergraduate and post-graduate programmes. • Starting postgraduate programmes in Floriculture and Landscaping. hostels and other amenities like schools.. Hence the first and foremost priority of this college will be to recruit staff trained in specialized areas in the above four centres. productivity management and limnology of major aquatic ecosystem Pollution control and waste management .Post-harvest technology for freshwater fish including assessment and prevention of postharvest losses. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. The college envisages to strengthen the academic activities through the following specific programmes: • A new college of commercial horticulture has already been started at Bharsar in Pauri district. The new undergraduate programmes will focuss on development of horticulture in hills.Disease diagnosis and management . fish spoilage.Aquatic and environmental microbiology .fineprint. fish waste utilization and quality control College of Agri Business Management The College has established four centres for teaching.com .Recombinant DNA technology . labs. hospital. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. and resource generation to meet the recurring expenses and the salary of the staff through envisaged activities of these centers will be taken up on priority.Genetic characterization and stock improvement . characterization and segregation of hormones . conducting researches and implementing extension programmes in the envisaged areas. • Starting postgraduate programmes in Forestry Management. It has also faced constraints in terms of academic staff. handling and transportation. These units have started modest programmes and activities through the academic staff/resource persons who are basically trained in their basic subjects and have dual responsibilities. and Horticultural Extension. Production. training and consultancy services : (i) Centre for Placement and Counselling (PandC) (ii) Centre for Management Development Programme (MDP) (iii) Centre for Business Management Clinic (BMC) (iv) Centre for Information Technology Management (ITM) The role and responsibility of these centres has been well defined. These constraints cannot be scrapped easily unless there is a commitment among the staff to stay at this campus and derive satisfaction out of hard work and enjoyment of working in the hills which are comparatively less equipped to provide facilities equivalent to those of the plains or of the main campus. packaging.
Research on conservation and use of hay. as a subsistence agriculture it is essential for them to have agro-based income generating activities for additional income and employment. Processing technologies of tea. forestry. The ecology of the Himalayan region is important for the entire nation with specific reference to the Indo-Gangetic plains. groundnut. Research priorities in forestry. medicine and plant breeding. Research on use of plastics in agriculture for mulching. medicinal plants and cash crops. roads. anti-birdnets. fruits. Technologies for seed production of vegetables. Development and maintenance technologies for biogas plants using local materials and its utilization for domestic and production utilities. drip irrigation. soybean. Development of technologies on forecasting of weather. Therefore. Development and identification of plant species for fodder and production technology for silviculture. hailnets and other uses in agriculture.8 ha in the hills provides a limited scope of profitable agriculture. packaging and marketing. Development of agricultural implements suitable for farm mechanization/manual operation. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. plastictunnels. The selection of species for nutritive green fodder and their cultivation practices under rainfed conditions. diseases and pests of the crops. urd. vegetables and spices for value addition and change in the food habits for ensuring better price in the market. Development of technologies for rainfed agriculture with special emphasis on pulses and oilseed crops. Researches on high-tech horticulture for cultivation of flowers and nursery. sprinkling. Research on bio-diversity conservation.com . Development of technologies for organic farming related to crops. flowers and other crops on high hills. Technology development for cultivation of tea including its propagation and water management. Development of bio-technologies for different crops. Research on development of under-utilized crops for disease and pest resistance as well as higher production and quality. fruits. electricity and transportation. Development of technologies for production of horticultural. agro-forestry and horticulture for effective conservation of soil on slopy areas. fruits. The water management through a low cost device for plant and vegetable cultivation. Development of technologies for sesamum. Development of technologies for cultivation of European vegetables including their seed production. medicinal and fodder plants for high hills and alpine zone. Therefore. moong. green houses. millets and under-utilized crops. Food processing technologies of soybean. harvesting.• - - - shopping centre. Development of technologies for extraction of essence and oil from medicinal and aromatic plants. Considering the above points the following researches will be undertaken in the next 20 years. This includes collection and conservation of indigenous plant species useful for food. etc. forestry. Alternative uses of land under pasture. the conservation of forests and soils in the Himalayan region will be a precondition while formulating new researches. grasses and other dry fodders including wheat straw to be used as nutritive fodder for animal. horticulture and hill agriculture: The average holding of 0. vegetables. It would be our preference to establish other extension and research centres at the vantage points to overcome the future problems of instability of staff owing to lack of such basic amenities.fineprint. disease and pest resistance. Cultivation of vegetable crops under rainfed as well as irrigated conditions with potential to give more profit to the growers.
Development of component technologies for organic farming. Remote Sensing.com . chemical analysis lab. at par with the ICAR fellowship. For development of cattle in the hills. etc. it is essential to implement the following extension education programmes for effective information dissemination and transfer of technology: PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. the priority will be given to standardization of breeds through cross-breeding. Although. Hence. Nutritional requirement of animals for different activities/services.G. quality control lab. Hydroponics. Biotechnology. the University has been trying to provide better teaching and research facilities but the availability of sufficient funds has been the major constraint faced by it.- Research priorities for mushroom production including its processing and consumption.fineprint. the University will give lay emphasis on post-graduate education through computer with internet facilities as it will help students to seek recent global scientific and technological developments. conferences. Crop Modelling. Presently extension is the least preferred and neglected programme in the agricultural development chain in the hill region. workshops. Also. field and library facilities for their course and research work. • For organizing open thesis defence/group discussions. etc is another priority of the University to keep pace with the rapid expansion in knowledge. Watershed Management. Development of technologies for sericulture and apiculture. Control of parasites and diseases and development of vaccines for animal health. The future plan for the development of PG education is detailed as under: • To make education more effective. a hall equipped with coloured video screen for display through computers and other audio-visual aids is very much needed. The building has been constructed for this purpose but. furniture. Geographic Information System. thesis printing. • By the year 2020. Development of technology for wormi-compost and bio-fertilizer under controlled conditions. etc will also be developed as a central facility. Environment Conservation. • Human resource development/faculty improvement programmes by way of higher education. Technology Transfer. • Establishment of Technological Park to preserve and present technological growth in agriculture during the 20th century. College of Post-graduate Studies Post-graduate students will be provided well-equipped laboratory. equipment. training. several new P. participation in short/long courses. seminars. etc will be procured. Perspectives for Extension Education For efficient and faster adoption of technologies a well-knit and committed programme is necessary. Embryo-Transfer Technology. Biotic and Abiotic Stresses. • Enhancement of PG research grant. Wasteland Development. programmes will be developed and some will be modified/deleted depending upon the advancement of the knowledge/technology. The identification of mushroom species of medicinal and nutritional importance. • Modernizing classroom and laboratory facilities and some special and costly equipment such as phytotrons. slide making. The college plans to improve its post-graduate teaching and research facilities to keep pace with the changing scenario of hi-tech agriculture and industry. there is a plan to develop Advance Centres of Research in newly emerging areas such as. Acupuncture. Technologies for biological decomposition of the pine leaves for compost making and other uses.
Promoting computer aided internet information dissemination through headquarters and KVKs to remote cases. This again requires a multi-media approach and PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. News letters for vocational education and training. Organizing college wise institutional consultancy for private sector industries. value added products. manuals. Preparation of technical bulletins. The tele-text and video-text would be available to the farmers to provide day to day information. banks. Linking on-farm activities with off-farm activities to provide more income and employment. apiculture. interaction visits. conferences. C. NGOs and other trainers including university scientists. Close involvement of NGOs and farm communities/bodies through staff exchange. research centres and at the headquarters. internet and helpline services. producers/growers.com . poultry. district level and state level exhibitions and fairs. Farmer scientists interaction programme will be intensified and will be made open through mass media for greater participation. Technology assessment and refinement through participatory approach will be extended to all the commodities and all the districts in the hill region.fineprint. etc. farm women and others through mobile exhibitions. Cable networking of all colleges and hostels to provide access to training and educational programmes in the University. sericulture. Development of women cooperatives network for benefit of small farms and resource-poor women folk. The extension education of 21st century will be largely commodity based.Ds.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Establishment of more KVKs to ensure one for each district with requisite infrastructure and facilities. Emphasis on income generating avenues like local handicrafts. Organizing mass education of farmers. rabbitary. Popularizing agricultural and development messages through mass media like radio. The centre proposes the following new programmes : Establishing mass media research centre The information and communication technology has changed the educational system in the country where distance education has proved beneficial for those who were not able to pursue higher education in the universities/colleges. Researches in Extension Education. etc. Developing extension programmes based on farming systems approach. Creating women training/development centres for participation and skill development in various sectors of agriculture and allied subjects. newspapers and television. Communication and Information Services To keep pace with the advancement in the information and communication technology ours is the only University in the country that has an established Communication Centre. Coordination with state extension agencies will be strengthened with accountability for utilization of funds and resources in various research and extension activities. seminars. Adoption of model village concept for integrated rural development. Promotion of indigenous knowledge system in farm sector as well as in non-farm sector areas. Single window service centres will be established at each KVKs. field staff of technical departments. Establishment of Trainers Training Centre for training and orientation of all KVK trainers. and also for Government sectors. Development of distance education programme for rural youth and practicing farmers. etc for more income and employment.
This information demand has to be further tailored with satellite information system so as to instantly transmit information to the scientists and extension officials. which requires analysis of the situation and resources. and tele-conferencing techniques between the farmers and related agencies can be helpful in solving emerging problems in agriculture. animals. availability of water and other natural resources. soils. consultations and frequent interactions with the farm scientists. it is desirable that each agricultural university should have some fixed hours for broadcasting/telecasting technical programmes for the benefit of the farmers. In view of the above facts it will be desirable to start the mass media research centre for the university education and non-formal education to the farmers. Since adoption of a new technology is essentially a decision making process. This is also important in view of the fact that the village level extension workers do not have easy access to mass media/agricultural research stations/agricultural universities. Therefore. the selectivity of information and technology in agriculture and making specific recommendations has come up as a major challenge to the farm scientists. Some succesful efforts have been made in this direction. Modernizing Printing unit Print media is a prime necessity for technology transfer and school education. As such. Agriculture of the last 30 years has further required technological development specific to the agroclimate. culture. Effective linkage between electronic media and agricultural universities Agriculture since time immemorial has been subject to the local environment.vocational education in agriculture and allied fields. Adoption of computer-aided information technology The technological development in agriculture has given birth to several complications due to its single effort to maximize production. residual effect of pesticides on human life. This can be possible through application of modern printing technologies. it has a well-equipped studio and other facilities including staff for programme production from radio/TV stations. soils food habits and several other factors. It’s a high time the University had one TV Station at Pantnagar and one F. Broadcasting Station at all the districts of Uttaranchal. social and other prevailing situations. like other fields of technical education. and also on ecological. The students as well as farmers need to be provided with problem-oriented literature which may be of immediate use to them. In view of the high credibility. However. Pantnagar University headquarters and its out campuses in the hill region are ideally suited for these innovative experiences. Moreover. In view of the changing scenario technologies have been made specific to the agroclimatic and farming situations of individual farmers. repeated use of and reference value of the print media still dominates the field of education and technology transfer. Realising this need the existing letter press printing will be modernized through offset printing technology. considering importance of the transfer of technologies with relevance and consequence.M. farm women and rural youth in the rural areas. social and economic situations have undergone drastic changes during the last 30–35 years of intensive cropping. Due to this reason only as many as 30 state agricultural universities and 28 National Research Centres have been established. Documentation of traditional agriculture and indigenous technologies through establishment of Krishi-Sangrahalaya There is hardly any need to emphasize the importance of indigenous technologies and traditional agricultural systems with reference to attaining sustainability in agricultural production.com . considering the vast demand of information for need-based research. To overcome this situation computeraided information technology will get the prime importance.fineprint. will have to be given priority for self-employment. we are still at the infancy stage. The soil fertility. The benefit of these vocation-specific technologies should reach the farmers and extension workers as quickly as possible. The sustainability does not mean limiting or raising agricultural production but also PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. health hazards.
• Participatory technology generation and management. etc. considering the threats of new agriculture it would be desirable to put our priorities on pooling the past information. However. Construction of a Separate Building For providing specialized media facilities. • Cable networking of all colleges and hostels to provide access to training and educational programmes in the university. information. technologies. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.fineprint. in a systematic manner so that the different fields of agriculture and allied subjects may be benefited for evolving research strategies in an endeavour to search for new technologies for the new generation and for new agriculture. it is essential that these should be centrally located for effective service to all the units of the colleges and also to develop an appropriate infrastructure with specialized facilities and equipment for catering a variety of services to these units/colleges. • Promotion of agricultural diversification. This in fact is a very big task.Shops Creating awareness of the information storage and retrieval system and making need-based information/technologies available to the farmers at their doorsteps is the need of the day. To evolve suitable strategies based on this foundation a comprehensive documentation of indigenous technologies/agriculture over the centuries is required. it should be done by establishing a Krishi Sangrahalaya in which the agricultural heritage will be presented in a comprehensive way for information. Realising this need the University plans to reach thousands of villages at a low cost so that millions of farmers could be benefited in their villages itself without wasting time and money.coping with efficient utilization of available resources including manpower thereby ensuring more employment/self-employment for people through the combination of modern agriculture with traditional agriculture. • Feasibility of internet and websites in agriculture. practices. Service Through Information . etc. systems. • The services of Press. education and documentation of the technologies. • Media production and information packages for diversification of agriculture. • Organizational strategy for commercialization of agriculture. Researches in Extension Education and Dissemination of Farm Information The extension education and communication departments in various colleges will concentrate research on the following: • Socio-economic and cultural dynamics in adoption of technology. • Development of rural entrepreneurship. • Yield gap analysis. experiences. • Strategy for export promotion. practices. systems. Most appropriately. • Economic evaluation of prospective technology • Short and long-term demand projections of commodities. • Institutional reforms and micro-planning for resource poor areas.com . • Multi-media and computer aided information technology in agriculture. • Integrated development of village through inter-sectorial micro-level planning. Publication and Communication Directorate will be integrated and pooled together as all these units are inter-dependent on each other. • Strategy for enhancing resource productivity. Researches in Socio-economic Development and Policy Formulation • Micro farm planning under different farming systems. The same building may have the appropriate space for the establishment of Krishi Sangrahalaya-cumdocumentation centre on indigenous technologies/practices. • Training needs of women engaged in agriculture.
PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Promoting the role of women in sustainable agriculture. Policies for development of agribusiness.• • • • Identification of potential markets for agricultural export. Export development policies including infra-structure and credit requirement.com .fineprint.
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