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Presidents of the Philippines

Members

Presidents of the Philippines in chronological order First Republic Emilio Aguinaldo Commonwealth Manuel L. Quezon Second Republic Jos P. Laurel Commonwealth (restored) Sergio Osmea Manuel Roxas Third Republic Manuel Roxas Elpidio Quirino Ramon Magsaysay

Carlos P. Garcia Diosdado Macapagal Ferdinand Marcos Second Dictatorship ( The New Society) Ferdinand Marcos Fourth Republic Ferdinand Marcos Corazon Aquino Fidel V. Ramos Joseph Estrada Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Benigno Aquino III

Presidents of the Philippines by Republic


First Philippine Republic President Commonwealth of the Philippines Second Philippine Republic Presidents Third Philippine Republic Presidents Fourth Philippine Republic Presidents Fifth Philippine Republic Presidents

First Philippines Republic


Malolos Republic Malolos Constitution Barasoain Church, Malolos, Bulacan Province first republic in Asia. Jan. 23, 1899

GENERAL EMILIO FAMY AGUINALDO

President of the First Philippine Republic (Revolutionary Government/The Philippines under Spanish colonization) March 22, 1869 Mariano C. Trias 1898- 1901 died- February 6, 1964

The National Anthem


Julian Felipe "Marcha Filipina Magdalo "Marcha Nacional Filipina "Filipinas Lupang Hinirang

Filipino Army officers at Barasoain Church, Malolos, Bulacan

Philippine army soldiers at the plaza in Malolos

Capitol of the First Philippine Republic at Malolos.


Photo taken in 1899.

A bank note issued by the First Philippine Republic on April 21,

The symbol used for the Peso was the same as for the US dollar.

1899

The Philippine Commonwealth


President Franklin Delano Roosevelt Philippine Legislature ratified the TydingsMcDuffie law (Public Law 73-127) on May 1, 1934 Nacionalista Party, 1935 to 1945 exile from 1942 1945

Salient provisions of the Tydings-McDuffie Law:


1. The organization of constitutional Convention that draw up the fundamental law of the land. 2. The election of the leaders of Philippine Commonwealth 3. The recognition of Philippine independence on July 4, 19646. 4. The right of United States to establish military bases in the country 5. Granting the United States president the power to call on all military forces of the Philippines into service. 6. Reclassifying all Filipinos as aliens and limiting immigration to the United Sates to 50 persons per year.

MANUEL LUIS QUEZON

First President of the Commonwealth August 19, 1878 Sergio S. Osmea, Sr. November 15, 1935August 1, 1944 died- August 1, 1944 "Father of the National Language."

In 1934 - The Partido Nacionalista-Democrata under Quezon - The Partido Nacionalista-Democrata ProIndependencia under Osmena

Philippine Commonwealth inauguration 1935

National Defense Act (Commonwealth act no.1 ) first law of the National Assembly enacted The National Assembly,on November 13, 1936, enacted Act No.184 establishing the Institute of National Language

November 9,1937- the adoption of national language December 30 1939- Tagalog as the national language April 1940- authorized the printing of dictionary and grammar

June 19, 1940- Tagalog began to be taught in all schools July 4,1946- declared the Filipino language as one of official languages Surian ng Wikang Pambansa (National Language Institute)

true to his pledge of "More Government and less politics" Rice Share Tenancy Act of 1933 social justice Program May 1939- Anti Dummy Law

January 2, 1942- The Japanese came to Philippines December 24,1941- MacArthur informed Quezon that they will leave Corregidor at two o clock that afternoon and go to Australia Jose P. Laurel December 30- Quezon take his oath died of tuberculosis in Saranac Lake, New York.

left to right: Dr. Francisco Castillo Najera, Ambassador of Mexico; President Roosevelt; Manuel Quezon, President of the Philippine Islands; and Secretary of State Cordell Hull

President Quezn, with some of his family members, are welcomed in Washington, D.C. by President Roosevelt.

JOSE LAUREL

President of the Japanese Sponsored Republic March 9, 1891 Tanauan, Batangas Benigno Aquino, Sr. and Ramon Avancena October 14, 1943- August 15, 1945 died- November 6, 1959

Laurel have a close relationship with Japanese officials. Economic life -Unemployment and general food shortage -mickey mouse of money Social Life Schools where reopened teaching Niponggo, language of Japanese, and Tagalog

Kempeitai-a secret police organization formed by Japanese Tragedy of Capas Philippine-Japanese Treaty of Alliance Claro M. Recto- his Foreign Minister Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere Greater East Asia Conference in Tokyo, Japan from November 5 6, 1943

Post-presidency
1949 presidential election

Return to the Senate Senate in 1951 Retirement and death Lyceum of the Philippines

Sergio Osmea y Suico

Second President of the Commonwealth Serge Osmea September 9, 1878 August 1, 1944- May 27, 1946 oldest Philippine president at age 65 A founder of Nacionalista Party died- October 19, 1961

Philippine Civil Affairs Unit Executive Order of Osmea Putting collaborators to jail American Financial Aid Bell Trade Relations Act Tydings Rehabilitation Act

PRESIDENT SERGIO OSMEA TOGETHER WITH GENERAL DOUGLAS MACARTHUR DURING THE HISTORIC LANDING AT LEYTE IN 1944.

MANUEL ACUA ROXAS

Last President of the Commonwealth(1946) May 28, 1946- July 4, 1946 First President of the Third Republic of the Philippines (1946-1948) July 4, 1946- April 15, 1948 VP: Elpidio R. Quirino

Guerilla Amnesty Treaty of General Relations Plebiscite of 1947

July 4, 1946 at the Independence Grandstand (now Quirino Grandstand), Manila

ELPIDIO QUIRINO

Second President, Third Republic of the Philippines November 16, 1890 April 17, 1948- November 10, 1953 Fernando H. Lopez February 28, 1956

Economic Mobilization Program Central Bank of the Philippines Irrigation systems Magna Carta of Labor Minimum Wage Law Father of the Foreign Service

RAMON MAGSAYSAY

Third President of the Third Republic of the Philippines August 31, 1907 December 30, 1953- March 17, 1957 Carlos P. Garcia died- March 17, 1957

MGA NAGING PROBLEMA NI MAGSAYSAY


Magkaroon ng pag-unlad sa pagmamay-ari o pagkakaroon ng lupa Magkaroon ng mabilisang pagpapautang sa mga magsasaka. Pagsasaayos na mga daan at iba pang facilities para sa rural Mapaunlad ang pagpapatakbo sa mga bukirin ng mga magsasaka

Magkaroon ng pag-unlad sa pagmamay-ari o pagkakaroon ng lupa


Agricultural Tenancy Act in 1954- greater protection for the farmers Agricultural Tenancy Commission at Court of Agrarian Regulations First year of Magsaysay Administration- 28 000 land patents, covering 241 000 hectares 18 824 in 1954, 23 578 in 1955 NARRA- National Resettlement and Rehabilitation Administration in 1955 Akle Settlement Project in Bulakan

Magkaroon ng mabilisang pagpapautang sa mga magsasaka.


Agricultural Credit and Cooperative Financing Administration (ACCFA)- tulong sa pagtitinda ng mga produkto at pagpapahiram ng mga kagamitan. Farmers Cooperative and Marketing Association (FACOMAS)

Pagsasaayos ng mga daan at iba pang facilities para sa rural


Extending Barrio roads and construction 252 kilometers in 1954 565 in 1955

kumain ng nakakamay kasama ang mga magsasaka natulog sa mga bahay-bahay sa papag o kamang gawa sa bamboo nagsuot ng damit ng mga probinsyano

CARLOS POLESTICO GARCIA

Fourth President of the Third Republic of the Philippines November 4, 1896 March 18, 1957- December 30, 1961 Diosdado P. Macapagal died- June 14, 1971

Pagbagsak ng ekonomiya Corruption Social Justice and general welfare

Philippine culture Conduct researches Christian spirit Filipino first International goodwill and friendship

DIOSDADO PANGAN MACAPAGAL

Fifth President of the Third Republic of the Philippines September 28, 1910 December 30, 1961 December 30, 1965 Emmanuel N. Pelaez April 21, 1997 Poor boy from Lubao

THE MIDNIGHT APPOINTMENTS


Central Bank Governor Reforestation Administration

ECONOMY
Philippine Veterans Bank Asian Development Bank NACIDA- National Cottage Industry Development Administration

AGRICULTURE
Miracle Rice - International Rice Research Institute at Los Banos Land Reform Code Republic Act No. 3844 August 8, 1963 Land Reform areas

FOREIGN AFFAIRS
MAPHILINDO Association of South East Asian Nations Philippine Sovereignty- June 22, 1962

INDEPENDENCE
May 12, 1962- proclamation of changing the independence celebration Republic Act 4166- August 4, 1964 June 12- Independence Day July 4- Philippine- American Friendship Day - Republic Day

THE STONEHILL SCANDAL


Jose W. Diokno- March 3, 1962 Ordered to raid the offices of Industrial and Business Management Corporation Harry S. Stonehill John L. at Robert P. Brooks Blue Book

FERDINAND EDRALIN MARCOS

Sixth and last President of the Third Republic of the Philippines September 11, 1917 December 30, 1965December 30, 1973 Fernando H. Lopez President of the Fourth Republic of the Philippines June 30, 1981 - February 25,1986 Died- September 28, 1989

(1981-1986) Prime Minister Cesar E. A. Virata Vice-President: Arturo M. Tolentino martial law People Power Revolution in 1986.

Marcos in Julio Nalundasan assasination (September 20, 1935) World War II He got 27 medals and decoratons for his wartime bravery and heroism Rise to Power Married Imelda Romualdez 1965- he run for president December 30,1965- inauguration

Marcos 1st term as a president Initial programs- effective tax collection, new tax legislation, securing foreign loans through World Bank and International Monetary Fund, ambitious and visionary infrastucture program.

Marcos 2nd term as president 1969- Marcos run for reelection with Fernando Lopez 1935 Constitution- limited the presidential tenure to not more than two terms or maximum of eight years December 30,1973- end of Marcos 2nd term

Martial Law Proclamation 1081- which imposed martial law Deptember 23,1972- formal announcement Achievements: 1. The land reform program- farmers to own the land they tilled 2. Foreign affairs towards establishment of friendly nation 3. Building of infrastucture

Snap Election in 1986 1986 Edsa Revolution Marcos falls They went to Honolulu, Hawaii in 1986 and died because of multiple-organ failure in 1989 Marcos Museum and Mausoleum

CORAZON COJUANGCO AQUINO

First President of the Fifth Republic of the Philippines First woman president of the Philippines. January 25, 1933 February 25, 1986- June 30, 1992 Salvador H. Laurel August 1, 2009

Cory Aquino-came from Cojuangco clan Snap Election of February 7, 1986 and EDSA Revolution Constitutional Commision of 1986 The constitutional framework for the establishment of democracy Constitution of 1987

Highlights of the Aquino Administration


1. Reestablishment of Demorcratic Institutions and Processes 2.The Local Elections of 1988 January 18,1988 3.International Relations and Goodwill 4. People empowerment 5. Energizing Bureaucracy

6.Economic Recovery Trade and industry Export development and Promotion Regional Industrialization The Privatization Program Employment Banking, Finance and Social Security

FIDEL VALDEZ RAMOS

Second President of the Fifth Republic of the Philippines March 18, 1928 June 30, 1992 - June 30, 1998 Joseph Ejercito Estrada

In the 1992 elections, Defense Secretary Fidel V. Ramos (Lakas-NUCD), authorized by Corazon Aquino won the presidency with just 23.6% of the vote in a field of seven candidates.

Economic revitalization plan 1. government deregulation 2. increased private investment 3. political solutions to the continuing insurgencies within the country

Declared "national reconciliation" his highest priority National Unification Commission (NUC)

JOSEPH EJERCITO ESTRADA

Third President of the Fifth Republic of the Philippines April 19,1937 1998 2001 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

Mayor of San Juan 1987 (senatorial) and 1992 (vice-presidential) campaign Herculean task Erap para sa mahirap ERAP Foundation 1998 election- with a landslide victory

ERAP Foundation
Education, Research and Assistance Program Foundation Inc. December 1, 1998 Mission To initiate, provide and establish education, research and other forms of assistance programs and services to poor but deserving citizens of our country, and To foster mutual assistance and self-reliance by promoting livelihood and self-help programs

ERAP Foundation
The ERAP Foundation seeks to: Initiate, establish and provide education, research and other forms of assistance programs and services to economically and socially disadvantaged young Filipinos; Conduct medical missions, render health care services; and Promote livelihood and self-help programs

ERAP Foundation
PROGRAMS Scholarship program for the poor and less privileged, but deserving Filipino students all over the country Mutual assistance and self-help programs as well as other forms of assistance Programs of cooperation with private, government and other institutions

In late 1999- wage an all-out war against MILF March 2000 Abu Sayyaf kidnapped to Basilan 21 hostages, including 10 foreign tourists, from the Sipadan Island resort in neighboring Sabah, Malaysia $20 million ransom

October 2000 Estrada was charged of receiving millions of dollars in illegal gambling payoffs plunder (large-scale corruption) Accusation of more than $80 million through bribes and corrupt dealings House of Representatives On January 20, 2001

September 2007- Estrada was convicted of plundering and sentenced to a maximum of 40 years in prison October 2009- he was pardon May 2010 elections

GLORIA MACAPAGAL ARROYO

Fourth President of the Fifth Republic of the Philippines and 14th Philippine President April 5, 1947 2001-2004 2004-2010 Teofisto T. Guingona Manuel "Noli" Leuterio de Castro

Benigno Simeon "Noynoy" Cojuangco Aquino III

15th President of the Republic of the Philippines February 8, 1960 2010 - Present Jejomar "Jojo" Cabauatan Binay