Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi


TERMS Satellite

A celestial body that orbits around a planet.


Man-made satellites that orbit earth, providing a multitude of communication functions to a wide variety of consumers, including military, governmental, private and commercial subscriber.

Communications Satellites

A satellite radio repeater which a satellite may have many. Consists of : 3) input Bandlimiting device (BPF) input low-noise amplifier (LNA) frequency translator low level amplifier output bandpass filter Transponder


It consists of one or more satellite space vehicles, a ground-based station to control the operation of the system, and a user network of earth stations that provides the interface facilities for the transmission and reception of terrestrial communications traffic through the satellite system.

Satellite System


It includes control mechanism that support the payload operation.



The actual user information conveyed through the system.




S. It was the first artificial 13) satellite used for relaying terrestrial communications. It transmitted telemetry for 21 days. facsimile and data transmission and 15) accomplished the first successful transatlantic video transmission. Sputnik I A type of satellite capable of receiving. Active Satellite 12) Satellite launched by U.. Explorer I Satellite launched by NASA in 1958. the first active earth satellite in 1957. ROGELIO 188 . amplifying. it transmitted telemetry information for nearly five months. was the first attempt to place a geosynchronous satellite into orbit. Syncom I Prepared By : MARY JANE R. Moon 9) Used by passive satellites for tracking and ranging purposes. visible by reflection of sunlight having a slightly elliptical orbit. Telstar I Launched in 1963. Passive Reflector 8) A natural satellite of Earth. 11) reshaping. and was used for telephone television.BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi 7) A type of satellite wherein it simply “bounces” signals from one place to another. Score 14) The first active satellite to simultaneously receive and transmit radio signals. regenerating and retransmitting information. a 150-pound conical-shaped satellite. Telstar II 16) Launched in February 1963. Radio Beacon Transmitters 10) Launched by Russia.

The square of the time of revolution of a planet divided by the cube of its mean distance from the sun gives a number that is the same for all planets. Also called as Early Birds. Johannes Kepler It may be simply stated as: The planets move in ellipses with the sun at one focus The line joining the sun and the planet sweeps 20) out equal intervals of time.300 miles above earth’s surface.It stands for International Telecommunications Satellite. It means “lighting”. Intelsat I 18) Domestic satellite launched by former Soviet Union in 1966. It states that the square of the periodic time 23) of orbit is proportional to the cube of the mean distance between the primary and the satellite. Molya 19) A German astronomer who discovered the laws thatgoverns satellite motion. It launched from Cape Kennedy in 1965 and 17) used two transponders. ROGELIO Geosynchronous Satellite 189 . Prepared By : MARY JANE R.BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi It was the first commercial telecommunications satellite. Apogee Harmonic Law High-altitude earth-orbit satellites operating primarily 24) in the 2-GHz to 18 GHz frequency spectrum with orbits Satellite 22. Kepler’s Law 21) The point in an orbit closest to earth Perigee 22) The point in an orbit farthest from the earth.

The point where the polar or inclines orbit 26) crosses the equatorial plane travelling from north to south The line joining the ascending and descending node Angle of Inclination Descending Node 27) Line of Nodes It is when the satellite rotates in an orbit directl 28) above the equator. Equatorial Orbit Prepared By : MARY JANE R. No need to switch from one geosynchronous satellite to another as they orbit overhead The effects of Doppler shift are negligible Disadvantages of geosynchronous Satellite: It requires sophisticated and heavy propulsion device onboard to keep them in a fixed orbit Much longer propagation delays Requires higher transmit power and more sensitive receivers because of the longer distances and greater path loss. ROGELIO 190 . High precision spacemanship is required.BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi Advantages of Geosynchronous Satellite: It remain almost stationary in respect to a given earth station. Available to earth within their shadows 100% of the time. usually in a circular path. The angle between the earth’s equatorial plane and the orbital plane of a satellite measured counter 25) clockwise at the point in the orbit where it crosses the equatorial plane traveling from south to north called the ascending node.

BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi It is when the satellite rotates in path that takes over the North and the South poles in an orbit that is close 29) to earth and passes over and very close to both the North and South Poles. ROGELIO 191 . Polar Orbit 30) The noise power normalized to a 1 Hz bandwidth. or the noise power present in a 1Hz bandwidth Noise Density It identifies the system parameters and is used to determine the projected carrier-to-noise ratio and energy Bit-to-noise density ratio at both the satellite 31) and earth station receivers for a given modulation scheme. Link Budget Prepared By : MARY JANE R.

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