# The frame for a sample survey is a list of the sampling units making up the sample In any probability sampling

procedure, each sampling unit has the same chance of being selected A stratified random sample with proportional allocation is one in which a uniform stratum sampling fraction has been used Probability proportional to size sampling always guarantees an increase in the precision of a statistical estimate compared to what it would be under simple random sampling Probability sampling refers to a method of sampling that allows the frequency distribution of the estimates it generates to be calculated if repeatedly applied to the same population A proportionate stratified random sample is a stratified random sample in which a uniform stratum sample size has been used In a sample survey, sampling error is mainly due to non-response, inaccurate response, and selection bias If a characteristic of interest y is equal to either 0 or 1 for all units in the population, then the population mean Mu of y is the population proportion of p of units possessing some attribute A statistic based on a probability sample is said to be an unbiased point estimator of a parameter if the mean of its sampling distribution equals the value of the parameter In stratified random sampling with optimum allocation, the greater the cost c to sample a unit in stratum h, the smaller should be the stratum sample size n Probability proportional to size sampling makes use of auxiliary information for possibly improving the precision of statistical estimates

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