P. 1
Cryocooler

Cryocooler

|Views: 160|Likes:
Published by alirezata

More info:

Published by: alirezata on Feb 29, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

06/12/2013

pdf

text

original

The system of equations representing the one dimensional regenerator is repeated

here with the volume average notations removed. The mass flux is defined as m, and the

volumetric gas internal energy is defined as E. The α-subscripts are dropped for

simplicity. The porosity of the solid phase is defined to be one minus the gas porosity, ε.

0

=

∂∂

+

∂∂

xm

tρ

(2-79)

[ ]0

2/
1

2

2

2

=

+

+



+

∂∂

+

∂∂

m

sign

Kc

m

m

K

p

m

x

tm

f

ε

ρ

ρ

µε

ρ

(2-80)

( )0

=



∂∂

∂∂

+

∂∂

T

T

H

a

xT

k

N

mh

x

tE

v

k

β

(2-81)

( )

( )0

1

=

+



∂∂

∂∂

∂∂

T

T

H

a

xT

k

x

tT

c

v β

β

β

β

β

β

ε

ε

τ

ρ

(2-82)

45

xp

Tm

T

T

TTH

a

xT

T k

N

s

v

k

gen

∂∂

+



∂∂

=

′′′

ρ

β

β

2

2

2

(2-83)

2

2

2

,

1

T

T

TTH

a

xT

Tk

s

v

gen

+



∂∂

=

′′′

β

β

β

ββ

β

β

ε

ε

τ

(2-84)

( )

.
0

1

2

2

2

2

2

,

∂∂

+



∂∂

+



∂∂

=

′′′

xp

Tm

T

T

TTH

a

xT

Tk

xT

T k

N

s

v

k

sys

gen

ρ

ε

τ

ε

ε

β

β

β

ββ

β

(2-85)

( )

E

f

T

,

1 ρ

=

(2-86)

( )

E

f

p

,

2 ρ

=

(2-87)

This system of PDEs represents 9 equations to be solved for

ρ

Gas density

m

Gas mass flux

E

Gas total energy per unit volume

T

Gas temperature

p

Gas pressure

β

T Matrix temperature

gen

s ′′′ Gas volumetric entropy generation rate

gen

s,

β′′′ Matrix volumetric entropy generation rate

sys

gen

s,

′′′

Total volumetric entropy generation rate

The volumetric total energy, E, is chosen as the conserved quantity in the gas energy

equation. This is simply the product of the internal energy and density. These equations

require appropriate boundary and initial conditions which will be discussed.

46

These equations represent a fully compressible model for flow and heat transfer in

a porous medium. The porous medium is completely characterized by the specification

of the porosity, friction factor, dispersion coefficient, solid tortuosity, and heat transfer

coefficient in addition to fluid and solid thermal properties. At this point in the

development, these equations apply to one-dimensional steady, unsteady, or oscillating

flow. For limiting cases, important exact solutions exist, and these are discussed in

section 2.5 that follows.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->