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Cryocooler

Cryocooler

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Published by alirezata

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Published by: alirezata on Feb 29, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/12/2013

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Developments in pulse tube technology have been occurring continuously up to

the present. Currently, three main areas of improvement are minimization of pulse tube

flow losses, phase control, and improving regenerator effectiveness. Reducing pulse tube

flow losses begins by being able to completely model the oscillating flow in the pulse

tube. The flow oscillations result in mass streaming and radial heat transfer, both of

which reduce the refrigeration possible with a pulse tube. Recently, several investigators

discovered that a proper tapering of the pulse tube leads to a complete elimination of

mass streaming (5).

As already mentioned in the preceding, the basic, orifice, and bypass pulse tube

all seek to manipulate the phase angle between the pressure and mass flow to an optimum

angle at which the maximum refrigeration is produced. One recent improvement is the

Compressor

Qcomp

Qreject

Qrefrig

Pulse
Tube

Regenerator

Surge
Volume

Orifice

Wcomp

7

inertance tube (6). The inertance tube improves the orifice design by adding an inertance

to the fluidic system. This improvement not only increases the phase angle, but also

eliminates the possibility of flow circulations which can occur with the bypass design.

Design of an optimum phase control device and reducing pulse tube losses will

eventually make the pulse tube cryocooler more competitive than the Stirling cryocooler

for most applications due to significantly lower cost and comparable efficiency.

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