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Women's Movement and Alternatives

Women's Movement and Alternatives

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Published by Monmon Diomampo

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Published by: Monmon Diomampo on Feb 29, 2012
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Women s movement and alternatives in the Philippines

Women s movement
‡ a diverse social movement, seeking equal rights and opportunities for women in their economic activities, their personal lives, and politics. It is recognized as the second wave of the larger feminist movement. While first-wave feminism of the 19th and early 20th centuries focused on women s legal rights, such as the right to vote, the second-wave feminism of the women s movement peaked in the 1960s and 70s and touched on every area of women s experience including family, sexuality, and work.

1905 - June , the first women's organization was established Asociacion Feminista Filipina Objectives: - to oppose early marriage - propose prison reforms especially on behalf of women and minors

- to work for the improvement of conditions of domestic service for women and children - make visits to shops and factories employing men and women with a view to recommending labor reforms - work for educational reforms through lectures and conferences for women

establish recreational facilities. etc. . gambling and drinking. persuade the government to appoint women to municipal and provincial boards of education and to create committees to inspect municipalities . conduct religious and moral campaigns in schools.. factories.encourage drives against prostitution.

1906 .Pura Villanueva Kalaw founded Asociacion Feminista Ilonga .

Asociacion Feminista Filipina joined the men to form La Proteccion de la Infancia  first puericulture center in the Philippines .1907 .

This society was later renamed Women's Club of Manila and still much later.the Society for the Advancement of Women was organized by two foreigners (Carrie Chapman Catt and Aleta Jacobs) .1912 . to Manila Women's Club .

National Federation of Women s Clubs (NFWC) launched the campaign for suffrage .1921: .

MAKIBAKA (Malayang Kilusan ng Bagong Kababaihan or Free Movement of New Women) was organized as an offshoot of the Kabataan Makabayan (Nationalist Youth) .In the early 1970s: .

oil process .the USA s influence on domestic affairs .Inflation .the wife disparity between the rich and the poor.Protested about: .the Vietnam War .the Marcos government s fascist tendencies . .social injustices .

formed a feminist political party and other feminist groups . and advocating closure of US military bases in the country.campaigned for women's reproductive rights.protested against martial law .During Martial Law: Women s movement: .protested gender-based segregation of work in export processing zones .exposed issues of sexual harassment and sexual violence . .resisted the subordination of women's issues to national liberation .

abortion .Pornography .Rape .1983: .KALAYAAN (Katipunan ng Kababaihan Para sa Kalayaan or Organization of Women for Freedom) was formed This feminist organization tackled issues of: .domestic violence .

and Action) was formed .GABRIELA (General Assembly Binding Women for Reforms.March 1984: . Equality. Leadership. it was interested in harnessing women s power for the antiMarcos dictatorship movement rather than in advocating specific feminist or women s issues .At the beginning. Integrity.

2005: .the Centennial Year of the Feminist Movement in the Philippines. 2004 . as declared by Proclamation No. 622 signed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on April 29.

Women s Rights Movement of the Philippines .

History .

Objectives: Protecting women s rights by: ‡ Providing information regarding the status. restrictions and limitations on women s rights and prevent further imposition of the same . rights and obligations of women in our country and in other nations ‡ Encouraging women to exercise their rights and assert proper influence in public life ‡ Upholding and safeguarding the rights of women ‡ Eliminating discrimination.

Promoting women s rights by: ‡ Stimulating an intelligent and vigorous public opinion through community education ‡ Initiating support for women to be elected or appointed to responsible positions ‡ Pursuing projects to help improve the quality of family living ‡ Obtaining legislative and other measures to advance the Movement s Objectives .

Activities: ‡ Sponsors forums. and workshops with the goal of developing civic awareness and citizenship education ‡ Holds regular outreach seminars ‡ Holds health and ecology activities as part of its concern for Mother Earth . lectures. seminars.

Equality. and Action (GABRIELA) .General Assembly Binding Women for Reforms. Integrity. Leadership.

History .

Objectives: ‡ to unite women from different classes and standing in society ‡ to achieve a genuine national sovereignty in which the Philippines will be free from the influence of foreign countries especially that of the United States .

just.‡ to have a truly democratic government that also represent women and allows them to participate in it ‡ to achieve a fair. and independent legal and judicial that will not discriminate women and will advocate their rights and welfare .

imperialism and militarism in the world .Principles: ‡ a quality education system that is non-sexist ‡ a socio-cultural system that does not demean women ‡ development of basic sciences and technology that serves Filipinos and considers the particular needs of women ‡ the strengthening of unity with women's groups in other countries that are also against sexism.

.Activities: ‡ Holds educational activities that aim to initiate socio-cultural transformation. ‡ Creates programs and projects that aim to make the condition of women better.

‡ Forms alliances with both local and international women s organizations so that there can be unity and better understanding of the need to resolve common problems of women.‡ Promotes organized action that will eliminate the unjust and discriminatory practices as well as unequal and oppressive structures so that Filipinas can fully develop as persons. .

National Federation of Women's Clubs of the Philippines (NFWCP) .

History .

and ‡ Applying modern methods and technology and communication system .To strengthen our organizational policies specifically by: ‡ Maintaining a regulatory system based on agreed standards and practices ‡ Establishing control system in accomplishing results ‡ Increasing financial resources.Objectives: .

To promote awareness. advocacy and development of women s potentials and rights specifically by: ‡ Making women knowledgeable and wellinformed .To strengthen relationship and values among members and families specifically by: ‡ Sustaining harmony among members in a national level ‡ Maintaining international linkages ..

.To support environmental conservation and protection.‡ Tapping women s potentials for progress ‡ Promoting women s rights ‡ Maintaining/developing women s leadership potentials . .To develop youth and children and protect their human rights.

Women s Movement in other countries: Mujeres por la Vida (Women for Life) Chile ‡November 1983 . humanitarian. ‡to highlight exclusion from decision-making process ‡women who find themselves participating in social.formed by sixteen women representing the full range of political parties within the opposition ‡served as referents of various positions but did not represent their parties in an official capacity. and professional organizations . student. community.

community. fasts. public demonstrations. humanitarian. and public mobilizations in support of democracy and human rights ‡supports campaigns for victims of repression . and professional organizations ‡brings together established women s groups and individual ‡exchange of ideas and mutual support among all these women s groups. such as mass meetings. ‡to build up a profound trust between women of different political positions and different social sectors. ‡coordinates. student.‡women who find themselves participating in social.

Women for Peace East Germany ‡1982 . Andhra Pradesh ‡helping distressed women and children ‡work for the well being. advancement.after the passage of the law mandating military ‡service for women in case of war ‡to raise public consciousness about militarization society. economic. but. to raise the awareness of the groups own participant Women s Indian Association ‡established in 1918 by at Visakhapatnam (Vizag) . philanthropic and humanitarian activities ‡Mid-day Meal program in a school and medical camps . promotion and training of women and children in social. equally important.

. and domestic violence.‡Legal awareness programs with the help of legal services authority ‡Conducting workshops and seminars on issues related to women and children ‡Pariwarak Lok Adalat (counseling the litigant for compromise) ‡Leadership training programs for women ‡Campaign against dowry prohibition.

Women s Movements Worldwide .

mobilizing public support ‡to ensure that governments enact or enforce laws and policies that uphold the rights of women and girls Guiding Principles: ‡Gender equality ‡Universality ‡Reciprocity in partnerships ‡Standing by principles .organization that advocates for the human rights of women and girls around the world by raising international visibility of individual cases of abuse.EQUALITY NOW ‡1992 .

based on how what we do fits together and changes the world ‡International advocacy ‡Awareness-raising ‡Partnerships and coalition-building ‡Strengthening international ‡Conducting strategic litigation ‡Mobilizing financial and capacity-building support Areas of Focus: Discrimination in Law Sexual Violence Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) Trafficking The Adolescent Girls Legal Defense Fund (AGLDF) is a crosscutting project that supports impact litigation on issues that represent the most common human rights abuses of adolescent girls .Methods: Social Change Model .

teachers. education and other human rights ‡resources are shared equitably and sustainably ‡enjoy the fullest range of individual and collective human rights ‡participate effectively in all aspects of society ‡vision of a unique women-led. a group of women activists.MADRE ‡1983. poets. artists and health professionals traveled to Nicaragua ‡international women s human rights organization that works in partnership with community-based women's organizations worldwide to address issues of health and reproductive rights. women-run international human rights organization ‡build real alternatives to war and violence by supporting the priorities of sister organizations and linking them to the needs of women and families . economic development.

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