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Pre Boundary Conditions

Pre Boundary Conditions

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Sections

  • Introduction to Boundary Conditions
  • Default Boundary Conditions
  • Interface Boundary Conditions
  • Boundary Details: Inlet (p.271)
  • Boundary Details: Inlet: Rotating Frame Settings
  • Boundary Details: Inlet: Supersonic
  • Boundary Details: Inlet: Variable Composition or Reacting Mixture Settings
  • Boundary Details: Inlet: Multiphase Settings
  • Boundary Details: Inlet: Additional Variable Settings
  • Boundary Details: Outlet: Multiphase Settings
  • Boundary Details: Outlet: Mass Flow Settings
  • Boundary Details: Wall: Multiphase Settings
  • Fluid Values: Outlet
  • Fluid Values: Wall: Particle Tracking Settings

CFX-Pre

Master Contents
CFX-Pre

Master Index

Help On Help

Boundary Conditions
• Introduction to Boundary Conditions p. 260 • Default Boundary Conditions p. 263 • Interface Boundary Conditions p. 264 • Basic Settings p. 265 • Boundary Details p. 271 • Fluid Values p. 289 • Mesh Motion p. 297 • Plot Options p. 298

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Introduction to Boundary Conditions
Boundary Conditions must be applied to all regions at the outer extremities of your domain(s). Boundary Conditions can be inlets, outlets, openings, walls and symmetry planes (periodic interfaces are specified on the Domain Interfaces form: see Periodic Interfaces (p. 304)). Unspecified external regions are automatically assigned a no-slip, adiabatic wall boundary condition. Such regions assume the name <Domain> Default, where <Domain> corresponds to the name of the domain. Unspecified internal boundaries are ignored. Boundary conditions can be applied to any bounding surface of a 3D primitive that is included in a domain (i.e. including internal surfaces). If you choose to specify a boundary condition on an internal surface (e.g. to create a thin surface), then a boundary condition must be applied to both sides of the surface.

Boundary Condition Actions
Right-clicking on a boundary condition in the Object Selector tree (Physics Selector (p. 12)) gives a list of options, which are described below.
The New feature is not employed for Boundary Conditions. Edit the boundary condition using the GUI forms Delete a boundary. Use the copy and paste features to replicate boundaries. Boundaries should be pasted onto Domain objects. Open the Command Editor to view/edit the CCL definition of objects. If physics errors exist (the boundary is coloured red), you can attempt to automatically correct the physics. See Physics Checking (p. 16). This option is available when you have created a plot on a boundary condition, and is enabled when right-clicking on the Boundary Contour object within a boundary. See Plot Options (p. 298).

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Displaying Boundary Conditions
When you create a boundary condition in CFX-Pre, the regions comprising the boundary condition are highlighted according to the highlight settings you have specified on the Edit > Options form (see Highlighting (p. 76)). Symbols for certain boundary conditions are also displayed in the viewer. The boundary condition symbols are shown at surface display line intersections. Inlets use arrows pointing into the Fluid Domain (denoting inflow), while Outlets use arrows pointing out of the Fluid Domain (denoting outflow).

Important: Inlets, Outlets and Openings use arrow symbols whose direction is locally normal to the boundary surface, irrespective of the actual direction specified for the boundary condition. It is possible to show arrows pointing in the specified direction by creating a Boundary Vector object (see Boundary Vector p. 298 for details) and then turning off the default arrow symbols (see Boundary Marker Options (p. 78) for details). The boundary condition symbols and default colour schemes are: • Inlet - White arrows • Outlet - Yellow arrows • Opening - Blue bi-directional arrows • Symmetry - Red arrows on each side of the surface • Interface: • Fluid-Fluid, Fluid-Solid and Solid-Solid - Green octahedra • Periodic - Purple semi-circular arrows

Considerations For Visualisation
When you create boundary conditions, the boundary names appear under the Domain object in CFX-Post. Plots can still be created, however, on any primitive region, as all regions are written to the definition and results files.

Creating or Editing a Boundary Condition
To create or edit a boundary condition, select Create > Flow Objects > Boundary Conditions from the main menu bar, or click the Boundary Conditions icon. You can also edit existing boundaries by right-clicking on their name in the Object Selector. See Physics Selector (p. 12).
Boundary Conditions icon

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When you create or edit a new boundary condition, a panel will appear requesting the a name for the boundary. Use the drop-down list to find the boundary to edit, or enter a new name. Select a domain to which the boundary will apply. Valid Syntax for Named Objects (p. 15) give more details on valid names. Boundary Conditions can only apply to one domain. A domain must be created before any boundary conditions can be applied.

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e. Page 263 Default Boundary Conditions CFX-5. 267) toggle on the Basic Settings panel for wall boundary conditions.1 . Since the “Domain Name Default” wall boundary condition is controlled automatically. but this can be edited like any other boundary condition. Each side of a fluid-fluid 2D primitive can have a different boundary condition. but most often both sides will be a wall. In such a case. Fluid-fluid 2D primitives (i. the “Domain Name Default” boundary object will cease to exist. 81). if a boundary condition is subsequently deleted. If every region is assigned to another boundary condition. A “fluid-world” 2D primitive is one that forms the boundary between the fluid(s) in the simulation and the outside world that is not modelled. The “Domain Name Default” boundary condition is a no-slip adiabatic wall. Thin surfaces are created by assigning a wall boundary condition to each side of a fluid-fluid 2D region. Solid-world 2D primitives behave in a similar way. You can specify thin surfaces in CFX-Pre by specifying one side of each thin surface and selecting the Create Thin Surface Partner (p.7. internal 2D primitives) are ignored unless a boundary condition is explicitly assigned (these are then thin surfaces). you should never need to explicitly edit its Location list. When a Solver (Definition) file is written. they are removed from the “Domain Name Default” boundary condition.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Default Boundary Conditions You should be familiar with the concept of primitive and composite regions before reading this section: see Mesh Topology in CFX-Pre (p. Each new domain has its own “Domain Name Default” boundary. any fluid-solid regions in the “Domain Name Default” boundary condition are removed and assigned to automatically generated Fluid-Solid Domain Interfaces. “Fluid-solid” regions are also initially contained in the “Domain Name Default” boundary condition. the “Domain Name Default” wall boundary will be re-created for the unspecified region. All “fluid-world” 2D primitives are assigned to the “Domain Name Default” boundary condition when its parent 3D primitive is included in a domain. When 2D primitives (or composites that reference them) are assigned to other boundary conditions and domain interfaces. Solid-solid 2D primitives are always ignored since you cannot create a boundary condition inside a solid domain.

7. 294).1 . but options are available for Fluid-Solid interfaces (which can be considered as being a special case of wall boundaries). You can edit these boundaries like any other boundary.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Interface Boundary Conditions All Domain Interfaces automatically create boundaries of type “Interface” that contain the regions used in the Domain Interface. 286) and Fluid Values: Interface (p. The settings and options available when editing Interface Boundaries are described in Boundary Details: Interface (p. Page 264 Interface Boundary Conditions CFX-5. These boundaries are named “< Domain Interface Name > Side <Domain Name> Part < 1/2 >”. but you cannot create new Interface boundaries directly. You will usually not need to edit an auto-generated Interface boundary. At least one of these boundaries will be autocreated for each domain involved in the interface.

For a discussion of primitive and composite regions. 267) Use profile data to define this boundary condition. Hold the <Ctrl> key to select multiple regions. coordinate frame. please refer to Mesh Topology in CFX-Pre (p. Select the Boundary Type. Select the Location(s). and frame type (stationary or rotating) for each. Choose a Coordinate Frame. Location The Location list contains all 2D Composite and Primitive regions. the drop-down list contains the commonly used regions (all the composite names and the primitive names that are not referenced by any composites). use the picking tool to select locations from the viewer using the mouse.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Basic Settings The basic settings for boundary condition are to set the type. The extended list contains all regions in a domain. 266).7. 82 in CFX-Pre). Interface boundaries can be edited. See Coord Frame (p. For Rotating Domains. select the frame type. For creating a boundary condition that forms a pair with this one. Alternatively. 78 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) Boundary Type Inlet. See Boundary Condition and Domain Interface Locations (p. Page 265 Basic Settings CFX-5. Opening. location. See Frame Type (p.1 . 81). Outlet. See Create Thin Surface Partner (p. Multiple 2D regions can be selected by holding the <Ctrl> key as you select additional regions. 266). but not created. See Profile Boundary Conditions (p. Wall and Symmetry boundary conditions can be created.

but this can be changed to any valid CFX-Pre coordinate frame. See Global Coordinate Frame (Coord 0) (p. The term stationary frame is a frame of reference that is stationary and does not rotate with the Rotating Frame of Reference.7.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Coord Frame Coordinate frames are used to determine the principal reference directions of specified and solved vector quantities in your Domain. an Inlet boundary condition specified with the Stationary option does not rotate about the axis along with the domain. Page 266 Basic Settings CFX-5. By default. the option to set Frame to Rotating or Stationary appears on the Boundary Conditions panel. Frame Type CFX-Pre treats boundary conditions differently when a Rotating Frame of Reference has been specified for the domain. 55 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) and Cylindrical Velocity Components (p. An Inlet boundary condition prescribed using the Rotating option rotates about the same axis as the Domain. Under these circumstances. Selecting the Rotating option means that all values are set relative to the rotating frame. 55 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). 23 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) for more details. CFX-Pre uses Coord 0 as the Reference Coordinate Frame for all specifications in the model. For example. The term rotating frame is the Rotating Frame of Reference itself.1 . and for specifying reference directions when creating boundary conditions or setting initial values. A discussion of the Frame Type on cartesian and cylindrical velocity components is given in Cartesian Velocity Components (p.

CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Create Thin Surface Partner If creating a thin surface boundary condition. such as baffles. Select one side of each thin surface boundary in the Location list. these boundaries can be edited in order to apply slightly different physical boundary conditions to either side of the region. After creation.7. will attempt to create an identical boundary condition on the other side of the specified region.1 . enable the toggle. Wall Boundary conditions have an additional toggle which. This is useful for modeling very thin surfaces. when selected. Page 267 Basic Settings CFX-5.

t. if you are importing the data from a 2D code on a planar boundary. t).1 . and in term of discrete data values (and locations). the data values for a value of ‘r’)..g. y.7. for e.. (x. Select Tools > Initialise Profile Data to select the file to read. (x. you may wish to use this as a boundary condition in a 3D case in CFX. (x. x. y. The fields are displayed in the output. a). Initialise Profile Data Click to Browse to the file containing your profile data. • 3-D profile uses three spatial coordinates. (r. spatially varying fluid properties.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Use Profile Data In order to specify a boundary condition using a data file that describes a profile distribution. additional variables or equation sources. Page 268 Basic Settings CFX-5. you must first read in your profile data file. Among various uses of 3-D Profile Data are boundary conditions. z). for e. etc. Profile Data Format The format of the profile data file is shown below: # Comment line # The following section (beginning with [Name] and ending as [Elements]) # represents one profile. t). • 2-D profile uses two spatial coordinates (cartesian or polar). z) or (r. z or a cylindrical value. This could be used to describe the axisymmetric flow down a cylindrical pipe (i. The variation of the data is specified in a number of ways including form functions. Profile boundary conditions refer to the boundary conditions whose data vary spatially over the boundary condition region.e. (a. y). which can be repeated to define multiple profiles.. for e.g. user Fortran. Types of Discrete Profiles • 1-D profile uses one spatial coordinate to define the data position.g.

end of first profile 'My Boundary'---------[Name] Plane 2 . corresponding to whether this data is 1D. • The ‘[Spatial Fields]’ can contain 1. • The names of the fields are case insensitive (i.79627529e-02. • If any lines with text are included above the keyword '[Name]'. Such lines should be preceded by # character to convert them into comments.e. • Blank lines are ignored and can appear anywhere in the file (except between the [<data>] and first data line. whereas 'U [m]' is unrecognized field name. .CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions [Name] My Boundary Master Contents Master Index Help On Help [Spatial Fields] r [m]. . 1. . where <data> is one of the key words in square brackets shown in the data format). • The names of variables used in the data fields are case sensitive. • Point coordinates and the corresponding variable values are stored in the Data section.06326614e-06. 6. 'u [m]' is valid x velocity component. Page 269 Basic Settings CFX-5. Any additional commas within a line of data will be a syntax error.7. You have to map this unrecognized field name with valid variable name when loading in to CFX-Pre.. theta [degrees].38203605e-02. each profile begins with keyword '[Name]'. For e. -5. Y [ m ].12153496e-06. Z [ m ]. This is consistent with the use of CEL elsewhere. [data] and [Data] are acceptable).23143399e+00 .6 polyline format) and can appear anywhere in the file. -5.g. 2D or 3D. 1. 5.77312009e-02. 5.99999949e-02. . # -------.00000024e-02. [Data] X [ m ]. • Multiple data sets are permitted within the same file by repeating the sequence of profiles. • Comments in the file are preceded by # (or ## for the CFX-5.23141646e+00 -1. • Commas must separate all fields in the profile. Area [ m^2 ]. Density [ kg m^-3 ] -1. . 7. z [m] . .1 .77312009e-02. 2. a syntax error will occur. Any trailing commas at the end of a line is ignored. or 3 values. The guidelines for creating profile data format are listed below: • The name of each Locator is listed under the ‘[Name]’ heading.

16 in CFX-Pre) and The RULES and VARIABLES Files (p. CFX-Pre allows function as myProfile.z)’. This derived value can be assigned to a parameter.y.Temperature(2x. physics error is shown for such situations.y.Temperature(x. • When this data file is read-in.water. 79 in CFX-Solver Manager).7.z)’ could be modified to ‘2*myProfile. the expression ‘myProfile. See Physics Checking (p.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help • The data file has a . Example: Consider a multiphase boundary condition is set up using the profile data file having a profile named myProfile and one of data fields is Temperature [K]. The expressions that are automatically generated in CFX-Pre for profile boundaries are simply the expressions in terms of interpolation functions.Temperature(x. say Fixed Temperature. it is checked for any format violations.z) in order to refer to a data field stored in the profile. For example. This means that you can modify them in the same way as a normal CEL expression.csv extension for compatibility with other software packages. 78 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) for following details: • Using a profile from one location at another location • Standard Variable Names • Non-standard Variable Names • Custom variables • Using r-theta profiles • Data Interpolation method • Extracting Profile Data from Results Files Page 270 Basic Settings CFX-5. Also see Profile Boundary Conditions (p.y.1 .

In most cases. For example. you can only specify temperature at a boundary if heat transfer is being modelled.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Boundary Details The values which you need to set at boundaries depend on the characteristics of the flow. you must ensure that your boundary conditions are correctly specified. single-component simulation. If you change the characteristics of the flow. a pressure specified by a boundary condition will be interpreted as excluding any hydrostatic contribution. For details on other types of inlet. 282) Boundary Details: Interface (p. 273) • Boundary Details: Inlet: Supersonic (p. you must change the Inlet specification to include the temperature of the fluid at that location.1 . 16) for more details. 271) Boundary Details: Outlet (p. CFX-Pre will alert you of the need to update settings in the form of Physics Validation errors. 280) Boundary Details: Wall (p. 275) • Boundary Details: Inlet: Additional Variable Settings (p. suppose you create a Domain. 13 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) and Buoyancy (p. The following links will direct you to different Boundary Details panel descriptions: Boundary Details: Inlet (p. See Buoyancy and Pressure (p. If you then alter the flow characteristics on the Domain form to include heat transfer. 277) Boundary Details: Opening (p. For instance. please see: • Boundary Details: Inlet: Rotating Frame Settings (p. 25 in CFX-5 Solver Theory) for details. When modelling buoyancy. 286) Boundary Details: Inlet The following panel shows the boundary details for a single-phase. specify isothermal flow and set an Inlet boundary condition. See Physics Checking (p. 275) • Boundary Details: Inlet: Multiphase Settings (p. 276) Page 271 Boundary Details CFX-5. 274) • Boundary Details: Inlet: Variable Composition or Reacting Mixture Settings (p.7.

set one of: • Adiabatic • Local Temperature • Radiation Intensity: the direction components of X. If you are modelling radiation. 160) to create the expression. 57 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) for details on each option.7. then click the expression icon and enter the expression name. 60 in CFX-5 Solver ☞ More Help: • Inlet (p. 55 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). Options are different for Rotating Frames. Choose a subsonic or supersonic inlet. Specify Mass and Momentum as: • Normal Speed • Cartesian Velocity Components • Cylindrical Velocity Components • Mass Flow Rate • Static Pressure • Total Pressure See Mass and Momentum (p. use the expression editor Expressions (p. 59 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) for details and the following pages for further model dependent options. • Radiative Heat Flux: set an inlet flux in [W m^-2].CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Boundary Details: Single-phase. The available options depend on the radiation model. 55 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) • Inlet (subsonic) (p. Specify a temperature at an Inlet boundary using: • Static Temperature • Total Temperature (when Total Energy Heat Transfer is used) See Heat Transfer (p. For multiphase simulations. 50 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) Page 272 Boundary Details CFX-5. 36 in CFX-5 Solver Theory) • Recommended Configurations of Boundary Conditions (p. Specify a Turbulence option.1 . subsonic must be chosen. Single Component If an expression describes the boundary condition. • External Blackbody Temperature: specify a temperature.Y and Z must be specified. See Turbulence (p. Multiphase and Supersonic Inlets (see following pages). See Thermal Radiation (p.

Options are different for Multiphase and Supersonic Inlets (see previous and following pages).1 . Specify a Turbulence option. 50 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) Page 273 Boundary Details CFX-5.. ☞ More Help: • Inlet (p. 57 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) for details on each option. See Boundary Details: Inlet: Supersonic (p.Y and Z must be specified. Mass and Momentum as: • Normal Speed • Cartesian Velocity Components • Cylindrical Velocity Components • Static Pressure • Stat. Flow Direction options include: • Normal to Boundary • Cartesian Components • Cylindrical Components. 60 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling).7. 59 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) for details and the following pages for further model dependent options. 274) for supersonic options. 36 in CFX-5 Solver Theory) • Recommended Configurations of Boundary Conditions (p. If you are using a radiation model. 55 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). Specify a temperature at an Inlet boundary using: • Static Temperature • Stationary Frame Total Temperature See Heat Transfer (p. 55 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) • Inlet (subsonic) (p. • Radiative Heat Flux: set an inlet flux in [W m^-2]. The available options depend on the radiation model. See Mass and Momentum (p.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Boundary Details: Inlet: Rotating Frame Settings Specify the Flow Regime for the Inlet boundary as either Subsonic or Supersonic. 55 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) for more details. Frame Total Pressure • Mass Flow Rate See Mass and Momentum (p. • External Blackbody Temperature: specify a temperature. See Thermal Radiation (p. See Turbulence (p. set one of: • Adiabatic • Local Temperature • Radiation Intensity: the direction components of X.

1 . 61 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) for more details. Page 274 Boundary Details CFX-5.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Boundary Details: Inlet: Supersonic Mass and Momentum as: • Cartesian Velocity Components and Pressure • Cylindrical Velocity Components and Pressure See Mass and Momentum (p. Specify a temperature at an Inlet boundary using: • Static Temperature • Total Temperature (when Total Energy Heat Transfer is used) See Heat Transfer (p. Specify a Turbulence option. See Turbulence (p.7. 59 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) for details and the following pages for further model dependent options. 57 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) for details on each option.

Highlight the material from the list and enter the mass fraction. The purpose of this panel is to specify Flow Regime and Flow Specification. 257 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) for details on each of the combustion models. Heat Transfer and Turbulence information is also set on this panel. See Soot Model (p. 281 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). The Flow Direction must also be set on the Boundary Details form for this case. The Component Details section of the panel appears when a variable composition/reacting mixture has been created for a single phase simulation. For both inhomogeneous and homogeneous models. click the Enter Expression icon and enter the name of your expression. set a value for either Mass Concentration and Nuclei Concentration or Mass Fraction and Nuclei Specific Concentration. See Combustion Modelling (p. or a simulation with one continuous phase and particle tracking. To enter an expression for the mass fraction.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Boundary Details: Inlet: Variable Composition or Reacting Mixture Settings If you are using the Soot Model with Combustion. See Reaction Progress (p.1 . When modelling the partially premixed combustion model. the Mass and Momentum. 277 in CFX-5 Solver Boundary Details: Inlet: Multiphase Settings For a multiphase simulation using the inhomogeneous model. When the Homogeneous model is used. Mass Fractions must sum to unity on all boundaries.7. a Bulk Mass Flow Rate can be specified. These options are set on the Fluid Values panel when the inhomogeneous model is used. the fluid-independent information for an Inlet is entered on the Boundary Details panel shown below. Page 275 Boundary Details CFX-5. the Reaction Progress variable is also set.

7. enter the pressure. If Fluid Velocity is chosen.1 . component details are set for each fluid on the Fluid Values tab panel (Fluid Values: Inlet/Opening (p. and enter its mass concentration. If the inhomogeneous model is used. 55 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). Page 276 Boundary Details CFX-5. and at least one of the fluids is a variable composition mixture. the velocity details are entered on the Fluid Values tab panel.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help The Component Details section of the panel will appear if the homogeneous model is used. Options available for Mass and Momentum are: • Cartesian Velocity Components • Cylindrical Velocity Components • Static Pressure • Total Pressure • Fluid Velocity • Bulk Mass Flow Rate If a pressure specification is chosen. The direction is chosen on the Fluid Values tab panel. Boundary Details: Inlet: Additional Variable Settings Highlight the Additional Variable to edit. For details on Additional Variables. see Additional Variables (p. See Mass and Momentum (p. 19 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). 289)). Subsonic flow regime must be chosen for multiphase simulations.

62 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). see Boundary Details: Outlet: Multiphase Settings (p. you can base the pressure averaging on one of: • Average Over Whole Outlet • Average Above Specified Radius (enter a radius value) • Average Below Specified Radius (enter a radius value) • Circumferential For stationary domains only Average Over Whole Outlet and Circumferential are available. 50 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) Boundary Details CFX-5. • Radiative Heat Flux: set an inlet flux in [W m^-2].1 . 41 in CFX-5 Solver Theory) Outlet (supersonic) (p. only the thermal radiation data needs to be set. Page 277 ☞ More Help: • • • • • Outlet (p. 66 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) Outlet (subsonic) (p. • External Blackbody Temperature: specify a temperature. See Average Static Pressure (p.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Boundary Details: Outlet The panel below is used to set the boundary conditions at an Outlet for a single phase stationary domain simulation. 44 in CFX-5 Solver Theory) Recommended Configurations of Boundary Conditions (p. 60 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) If you use Average Static Pressure when your Domain is Rotating. Options available for Mass and Momentum are: • Normal Speed • Cartesian Velocity Components • Cylindrical Velocity Components • Mass Flow Rate • Average Static Pressure • Static Pressure See Mass and Momentum (p. 62 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). The available options depend on the radiation model. 278 in CFX-Pre) and Boundary Details: Outlet: Mass Flow Settings (p. 62 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) Outlet (Supersonic) (p.7. 279 in CFX-Pre) Choose a subsonic or supersonic Flow Regime. If supersonic. If you are using a radiation model. For details on other outlet types.Y and Z must be specified. See Thermal Radiation (p. set one of: • Adiabatic • Local Temperature • Radiation Intensity: the direction components of X.

7. the Outlet boundary values are set on the panel below.1 . See Mass and Momentum (p. See Average Static Pressure (p. Options available for Mass and Momentum are: • • • • Average Static Pressure Static Pressure Degassing Condition (inhomogeneous) Cartesian Velocity Components (homogeneous) • Cylindrical Velocity Components (homogeneous) • Fluid Velocity (inhomogeneous) • Bulk Mass Flow Rate If Average Static Pressure is chosen for a rotating domain. Page 278 Boundary Details CFX-5. When the Inhomogeneous model is used and the option is set to Fluid Velocity. 62 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) for information on the options available. a Pressure Averaging option should be chosen. 291). 62 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) for more details.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Boundary Details: Outlet: Multiphase Settings For a multiphase simulation. then the Fluid Values tab panel is used to set phase-specific velocity data (see Fluid Values: Outlet (p.

1 . 63 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) for more details on these options.7. • Scale Mass Flows • Constant Flux • Shift Pressure (requires a Pressure Profile and/or Pressure Profile Blend). select from the following options.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Boundary Details: Outlet: Mass Flow Settings Where a mass flow Update Option is chosen. Page 279 Boundary Details CFX-5. See Mass Flow Rate (p. When a Pressure Profile is chosen. circumferential pressure averaging over a number of circumferential bands can be chosen.

☞ More Help: • Opening (p. The available options depend on the radiation model.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Boundary Details: Opening This panel shows the settings for a single-phase simulation. specify the mass fraction of each of the components at the boundary.7. If you are using a radiation model. set either: • Adiabatic • Local Temperature • Radiation Intensity: the direction components of X. See Thermal Radiation (p.. • Radiative Heat Flux: set an inlet flux in [W m^-2]. please refer to Boundary Details: Opening: Multiphase Settings (p.1 . 44 in CFX-5 Solver Theory) Page 280 Boundary Details CFX-5.. 67 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) • Opening (p.Y and Z must be specified. • External Blackbody Temperature: specify a temperature. 281 in CFX-Pre) and Boundary Details: Opening: Additional Variable Settings (p. 67 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). 60 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) If using a variable composition mixture. 282 in CFX-Pre). For other simulation types. Choices for Mass and Momentum include: • Cartesian Velocity Components • Cylindrical Velocity Components • Pressure and No Direction (Entrainment Condition) • Pressure and Direction (stable) • Static Pressure See Mass and Momentum (p.

67 in CFX-5 Solver • Modelling) • Opening (p. 44 in CFX-5 Solver See Fluid Values: Inlet/Opening (p.7.1 . More Help: ☞Opening (p.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Boundary Details: Opening: Multiphase Settings Choices for Mass and Momentum include: • Fluid Velocity (when using the Inhomogeneous Model) • Cartesian Velocity Components (when using the Homogeneous Model) • Cylindrical Velocity Components (when using the Homogeneous Model) • Pressure and No Direction (Entrainment Condition) • Pressure and Direction • Static Pressure • Bulk Mass Flow Rate See Mass and Momentum (p. Page 281 Boundary Details CFX-5. 289) for data that is set on the Fluid Values tab panel. 67 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling).

Boundary Details: Wall: Wall Adhesion Page 282 Boundary Details CFX-5. and enter its mass concentration.1 . Boundary Details: Wall The panel below shows the wall settings for a single phase simulation.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Boundary Details: Opening: Additional Variable Settings Highlight the Additional Variable to edit.7. For details on Additional Variables. 19). 284). See also Boundary Details: Wall: Multiphase Settings (p. see Additional Variables (p.

1 .7. Wall influence on flow can be set to No Slip. select: • • • • Fluid Dependent Boundary Conditions Zero Flux Flux In Value • Wall (p. Page 283 Boundary Details CFX-5. the Wall Roughness is required. 70 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) • Wall (p. Free Slip or Counter Rotating Wall (in rotating domains). 72 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling).CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Settings (p. Enable U. When setting Boundary Details for a Wall. V and W to set Cartesian components for a moving wall. If heat transfer is modelled. 46 in CFX-5 Solver Theory) • Wall Boundaries in Multiphase (p. 75 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) If using additional variables. 192 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). See Wall Roughness (p. the following options are available for wall modelling: • Adiabatic • Fixed Temperature • Heat Flux • Heat Transfer Coefficient If a multiphase simulation is being carried out. or leave unchecked to set a stationary wall. Not applicable to Homogeneous Multiphase. you can choose to specify the wall contact model as • Use Volume Fraction • Specify Area Fraction See Area Contact Model (p. Radiation options are discussed in Thermal Radiation (p. 191 in CFX-5 Solver ☞ More Help: Radiation settings must be specified for all radiation models except the algebraic (Rosseland) model. 284).

7. 191 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) ☞ More Help: See Fluid Values: Wall (p. or if you select the Fluid Dependent option on the panel below. 46 in CFX-5 Solver Theory) • Wall Boundaries in Multiphase (p. Set the contact angle that the primary fluid makes with the wall. If Additional Variables are only present in some fluids. 70 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) • Wall (p. 192 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). you can choose to specify the wall contact model as: • Use Volume Fraction • Specify Area Fraction See Area Contact Model (p. If heat transfer is modelled. 161 in CFX-5 Solver Theory) for details. This allows wall adhesion effect to be accounted for. they can be set at a wall on a bulk basis if they are present in both fluids and if the Kinematic Diffusivity is set. Boundary Details: Wall: Multiphase Settings When setting Boundary Details for a Wall. Not applicable to • Wall (p. 72 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling).1 . then the Additional Variable values are set on a per-fluid basis on the Fluid Values panel. See Surface Tension (p. See Wall Roughness (p. the following options are available for wall modelling: • • • • • Adiabatic Fixed Temperature Heat Flux Heat Transfer Co-efficient Fluid Dependent (when using the Inhomogeneous model) If a multiphase simulation is being carried out. 292) for data that is set on the Fluid Values tab panel. Boundary Details: Wall: Wall Adhesion Settings This part of the panel is used to set the wall contact angle for a free surface flow in which the surface tension force is modelled (Surface Tension Model is set to Continuum Surface Force). Page 284 Boundary Details CFX-5.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help If additional variables exist. the Wall Roughness is required.

203 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). Boundary Details: Wall: Erosion Model The erosion modelling capability is available when particle tracking is enabled.1 . 232 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). For information on wall deposition.7.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Boundary Details: Wall: Deposition Settings This part of the panel is available for dispersed phases using the Algebraic Slip Model. 215 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) Page 285 Boundary Details CFX-5. please refer to Wall Deposition (p. Options available for erosion are: • None • Finnie (p. Set the Option to Deposition if wall deposition is to be modelled. please see Erosion Model (p. For details on the available model options.

then a Fluid Values tab panel will also be available where particle options can be set. Conservative Interface Flux is the only option. When radiation is modelled (not available for multiphase). which requires values for Emissivity and Diffuse Fraction. The Wall Influence on Flow must be No Slip (Free Slip is not allowed). 72 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). Boundary Details: Interface: Fluid-Solid Interface. see Fluid Values: Interface (p.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Boundary Details: Interface See Interface Boundary Conditions (p. Fluid Side The following panel appears when editing an interface for the fluid side of a Fluid-Solid interface for a single-phase simulation or a homogeneous multiphase simulation (see below for the inhomogeneous case). 294). 264) for an introduction to interface boundaries. See Wall Influence on Flow (p. 70 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). The default wall roughness is Smooth Wall. You may choose to select a rough wall and enter a roughness height.1 . 290 in CFX-5 Solver If you are using the Particle Tracking model. Page 286 Boundary Details CFX-5. See Opaque (p. you can use Conservative Interface Flux or the Opaque option.7. For Heat Transfer. See Wall Roughness (p.

192 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). if modelled. Boundary Details: Interface: Fluid-Solid Interface.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help The following panel appears when editing an interface for the fluid side of a Fluid-Solid interface when the inhomogeneous multiphase model is used. You may set a Thermal Radiation option. See Wall Roughness (p. Conservative Interface Flux is the only option available. Conservative Interface Flux is the only available option for all quantities and cannot be changed. The Wall Contact Model can be set to Use Volume Fraction (default) or you can specify an area fraction. When heat transfer is modelled. You may set a Thermal Radiation option. See Area Contact Model (p. 72 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). which is the same as the fluid side of a Fluid-Solid interface. Solid Side The Solid side of the interface uses Conservative Interface Flux for Heat Transfer.7. You cannot set any particle options since particles can not exist in a solid domain. Page 287 Boundary Details CFX-5. Boundary Details: Interface: Fluid-Fluid and Periodic Interfaces For Periodic and Fluid-Fluid interfaces. Boundary Details: Interface: Solid-Solid Interface The Solid sides of the interface uses Conservative Interface Flux for Heat Transfer.1 . as described above. which is the same as the Fluid Side described above.

select the locations from the drop-down list box and select the Frame Type if your domain is rotating.1 . Choose the location(s) of the symmetry plane(s) from the list. and the same settings apply for fluid and solid domains. see Symmetry Plane Boundaries (p. No further settings are required. 234 in CFX-5 Solver Page 288 Boundary Details CFX-5. When modelling particle transport.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Symmetry Boundary Conditions When specifying symmetry boundary conditions.7.

57 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) for details. Select from: • Normal Speed • Cartesian Velocity Components • Mass Flow Rate See Mass and Momentum (p. Select from: • Normal to Boundary • Directional Components See Mass and Momentum (p. Page 289 Fluid Values CFX-5. specify the mass fractions of each of the components. This section applies when Static Pressure is set on the Boundary Details tab panel. see Boundary Details: Inlet: Variable Composition or Reacting Mixture Settings (p. For details. 55 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) for details.1 . Set the inlet temperature of each phase (if applicable). Fluid Values: Inlet/Opening Fluid Values: Inlet/Opening: Multiphase This section applies when Fluid Velocity is set on the Boundary Details tab panel. 275). The total Volume Fraction summed over all the fluids must be equal to 1. 59 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) Enter the Volume Fraction of the selected Fluid at the inlet. If one of the fluids is a variable composition mixture. See Heat Transfer (p. See Turbulence (p.7. 55 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) for details on these Set Turbulence quantities at the inlet boundary (if applicable).CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Fluid Values The Fluid Values panels are used to set boundary conditions for each fluid in an Eulerian multiphase simulation and each particle material when Particle Tracking is modelled.

Available when the particle phase has been set up as a variable composition mixture. 231 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). particles do not enter through this boundary. 211 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). See Particle Position (p. See Heat Transfer (p. Choose how the particles are injected.7. 227 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). Select from: • Normal Speed • Cartesian Velocity Components • Cylindrical Velocity Components • Fluid Flow Rate • Extrapolation • Zero Slip Velocity See Mass and Momentum (p. When this toggle is disabled. See Component Details (p. 230 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) See Particle Diameter Distribution (p. 231 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). Optionally specify particle properties at the boundary. Page 290 Fluid Values CFX-5.1 . 227 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) and Particle Locations (p. Available when heat transfer is enabled. 230 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) See Particle Mass Flow Rate (p.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Fluid Values: Inlet/Opening: Particle Tracking Settings Select the phase to set properties for.

7. Page 291 Fluid Values CFX-5. the fluid-specific velocity information is set on the panel shown below at an outlet boundary.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Fluid Values: Outlet If you are using the inhomogeneous multiphase model and selected the Fluid Velocity option on the Boundary Details tab panel.1 . 62 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). Options available for Mass and Momentum are: • Normal Speed • Cartesian Velocity Components • Cylindrical Velocity Components • Mass Flow Rate See Mass and Momentum (p.

set an option for treatment of each one at the wall. See Additional Variables (p. 75 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling).7. See Wall Heat Transfer (p. Page 292 Fluid Values CFX-5. Set a Heat Transfer option. Select the fluid to set properties for. 70 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). Set the way in which the wall influences the flow. see Fluid Values: Wall: Particle Tracking Settings (p.1 . 293) for wall details.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Fluid Values: Wall When modelling particle transport. 72 in CFX-5 Solver Where additional variables are modelled. See Wall Influence on Flow (p.

1 . 290) Page 293 Fluid Values CFX-5. 233 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). This option is available when a Particle User Routine (Particle User Routine (p. See Erosion Model (p. 181)) has been created. The options available here are the same as described in Fluid Values: Inlet/ Opening: Particle Tracking Settings (p. Introduce particles into the domain from this boundary. restitution coefficient and mass flow absorption. See Mass Flow Absorption (p. See Wall Interaction (p. See Fluid Values . 232 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). particles can also be introduced on wall boundaries by enabling Define Particle Behaviour. 232 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling).Restitution Coefficients for Particles (p.7. 233 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling).CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Fluid Values: Wall: Particle Tracking Settings As well as setting properties for the erosion model.

70 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). See Wall Influence on Flow (p.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Fluid Values: Interface Fluid Values: Interface: Fluid-Solid Interface. Fluid Side The following panel is available on the fluid side of a Fluid-Solid interface for an inhomogeneous multiphase setup. Page 294 Fluid Values CFX-5.7.1 . but can set a wall velocity. Available when you are using the Inhomogeneous multiphase model. You must use a No-Slip wall.

Conservative Interface Flux is the only available option for all quantities and cannot be changed. The options available here are the same as described in Fluid Values: Inlet/ Opening: Particle Tracking Settings (p.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help The following form appears when particle transport is enabled.7. 232 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). and contains the same options as those that appear for wall boundaries.1 . See Fluid Values . 232 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). Introduce particles into the domain from this boundary. See Mass Flow Absorption (p.Restitution Coefficients for Particles (p. 233 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling). See Erosion Model (p. 290) Fluid Values: Interface: Fluid-Fluid and Periodic Interfaces For Periodic and Fluid-Fluid interfaces. Page 295 Fluid Values CFX-5.

Outlet and Wall Boundaries.1 .CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Sources The Sources form is available when the Discrete Transfer or Monte Carlo radiation model is selected. 61 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling) Page 296 Sources CFX-5. Click to specify a new radiation source. The Discrete Transfer Model can be used to specify a directional radiation flux. Opening.7. Sources can be specified at Inlet. More details on Radiation Sources are given in Sources (Discrete Transfer and Monte Carlo models) (p.

205).7. The options available depend on the type of boundary.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Mesh Motion The Mesh Motion tab becomes available when the Mesh Deformation option is set to Regions of Motion Specified on the Basic Settings form for the domain (Mesh Deformation p. and will be one of the subset discussed in Mesh Deformation (p. 5 in CFX-5 Solver Modelling).1 . Page 297 Mesh Motion CFX-5.

7. Select from one of the available variables using the drop-down list. You can turn off visibility for the legend by right-clicking on the Boundary Contour object associated with your boundary condition and toggling the Show Legend option.CFX-Pre Boundary Conditions Master Contents Master Index Help On Help Plot Options The Plot Options panel allows you to create Boundary Contour and Boundary Vector graphics to display scalar and vector values at boundaries. The available variables depend on the settings on the Boundary Details and Sources panels. Boundary Contour This draws the boundary surface coloured by the selected variable. To access the Boundary Contour object in the Physics Selector. Page 298 Plot Options CFX-5. A Legend appears by default showing the variable plotted on the boundary with a local range. respectively. as applicable. Boundary Vector This draws vectors at the nodes of the boundary surface. click the + sign to the left of the boundary condition to which it belongs to expand the selector tree for that boundary condition. Select from one of the available vectors using the drop-down list. The available vectors depend on the settings on the Boundary Details and Sources panels. pointing in the direction specified by the Profile Vector Component setting. as applicable.1 .

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