PRESENTATION ON EVOLUTION OF TATTOOS
By Nidhi Jadhav
In early practice. Sailors traveling to exotic foreign lands began to collect tattoos as souvenirs of their journeys . tattoos served as identification of the wearer¶s rank or status in a group. telling the history of the wearer¶s life. Tahitian tattoos served as rites of passage. the early Romans tattooed slaves and criminals. In some cultures. and that still holds true today. Boys reaching manhood received one tattoo to mark the occasion.
. The practice of tattooing means different things in different cultures. while men had another style done when they married. For example. decoration appears to have been the most common motive for tattooing. and tattoo parlours sprang up in port cities around the globe.
Tattooing has evolved into a full-fledged artistic medium that is plugged into a global network and applied with an endless variety of sophisticated techniques.
. Eventually. The art of tattooing took a long time to find its place in the world despite its powerful potential. combined with freedom of expression and the diverse influence of thriving subcultures worldwide. where in the early Twentieth Century few innovators found ways of using electricity to drive a needle fast enough that it could be used as a pen. contemporary tattooing is arguably one of the fastest and most explosive renaissances ever known in the history of art. Nurtured in an environment of economic prosperity. globalization prevailed and tattooing took root in Western societies.
although basically unchanged for over 100 years. these innovations have made both the artist and client more comfortable and allow for more productive sessions. leaving little opportunity for precision or subtlety. has been refined in many aspects and now can be tuned to puncture the skin in exactly the artist¶s desired manner. the science of making equipment that fits the user. the shape of the tube grip.PROCESS AND ADVANCEMENT Before electricity. the ink had to be literally hammered in. modern massage tables and adjustable chairs.
. The modern electric tattoo machine. Tattooing methods have recently benefited from ergonomics. The new artistic ideal of slowing down and working more carefully has helped bring about all kinds of advances in machines. pigments. With the invention of the electric tattoo machine. all of the things we see in skin today were made possible. tubes and all sorts of other tattooing essentials. Ergonomics have brought about developments in practical aspects of tattooing including machine weight.
. from comic book art to futuristic computer-generated designs. With the tattoo profession being gradually taken over by experienced artists. Each style of tattooing has some particular artistic direction that it explores more closely than other styles. of what combination of elements will have the greatest visual impact while having the most flattering effect on the body that wears it. we¶re seeing many modern illustrative styles being tattooed. One of the few real limitations we¶re facing now is in our understanding of what exactly makes a tattoo design successful. the state of the art of tattooing is such that basically any image can be tattooed on skin with almost photographic realism.
they are used more as an extension of a person's sense of fashion or to show their religious or gang affiliations.
. Presently. Pigment has also evolved in exciting ways. and various other reasons. decorative. Tattoos have been around for centuries for medicinal. Almost every color in the spectrum is now available from many different suppliers using numerous different kinds of pigment.
Third Century A. In the late 200s. Japanese men are elaborately decorating their entire bodies. Ötzi. 1769 Captain James Cook sails into Tahiti and discovers Polynesian tattoos.
. a modification of Thomas Edison¶s perforating pen. and ankle joints. gets a tattoo: about 60 lines and crosses on his lower spine.Tattoo Timeline 3200 B. along with the island¶s word for the art form: tatau. who would become the world¶s oldest mummy. right knee.C.D. 1891 New Yorker Samuel O¶Reilly patents the first electric tattoo machine. 1846 Martin Hildebrandt sets up New York¶s first tattoo shop on Oak Street in lower Manhattan.
appointment-only studio in the U. the first customonly. Charlie Wagner is fined by the city of New York for not sterilizing his needles. 1961 The New York City Health Department bans tattooing after a hepatitis-B scare. April 1984 Inventor Keith Relyea and 3M develop and patent a temporary tattoo that lasts longer and looks better than previous food-coloring-based versions.
.1944 In one of the first instances of legal trouble for the tattoo world. in Denver. 1974 Don Ed Hardy opens Realistic Tattoo in San Francisco. 1979 The three-year-old National Tattoo Association organizes the first National Convention of tattoo artists and fans.S.
.´ February 1997 New York passes a bill legalizing tattooing by a vote of 38 to 7.1992 The Alliance of Professional Tattooists. is established. 1994 Johnny Depp changes his former proclamation of love to ³Wino Forever. a nonprofit founded to address the tattoo industry¶s health and safety issues. Officials estimate that 50 tattooists had been operating illegally in the previous few years. a clothing line featuring the artwork of the famed tattooist. May 1997 New York holds its first tattoo convention. December 2004 The launch of Ed Hardy Vintage Tattoo Wear. a doll with washable body art. 1999 Mattel releases Butterfly Art Barbie.
September 2005 9/11-memorial tattoos become a distinct genre at tattoo competitions. May 2007 Brad Pitt gets a tattoo of Ötzi the mummy. the first tattooist to be invited to join the National Arts Club. February 2006 Paul Booth.
. opens a high-end tattoo atelier in Chelsea.