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Fungi

Fungi

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Published by: bhanklhonk on Mar 01, 2012
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01/16/2013

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Fisiologi : nutrisi : pencernaan ekstraseluler,
absorpsi, yang saprofitik di tanah : zat makanan
mengalami metabolisme secara aerobik, yang
hidup di dalam usus ruminansia : anaerobik

Fungi primitif : nenek moyang fungi terrestrial

Peranan :Saprofit : Chytridium confervaedi
tanah, Neocallimastix frontalisdi usus
ruminansia. Patogen: Olpidium brassicaepada
akar tanaman liar dan akar tanaman pangan

Habitat : akuatik (fresh water), tanah lembab

Figure A. Four small colonies of Rhizophlyctis roseaon a piece of

Cellophane buried in moist soil for 5 days. The central, globose thallus

(body) of each colony has been dislodged, leaving the finely branched

rhizoids within the Cellophane.

Dislodge = dikeluarkan; finely = halus

Figure B. Catenaria anguillulaein agar culture. The fungus grows in a

hypha-like form, with rhizoids (arrowheads) and chains of swellings

(sporangia) in which the zoospores are produced. The generic name

Catenariastems from the latin term "catenulate" (in chains).

Figure C. Part of a grass root, cleared by treatment with strong alkali then

stained with trypan blue to reveal large sporangia (sp) of Olpidium brassicae

within the root cells. At maturity the sporangia release zoospores through exit

tubes (et). Several zoospore cysts (cy) can be seen on the root.

Figure E. Zoospores of Blastocladiella emersonii viewed by phase-contrast

microscopy. The spores are about 2.5 micrometres diameter and contain a

prominent nucleus (n), a nuclear capin which the ribosomes are

aggregated (nc), a large mitochondrion (m) near the base of the flagellum

(flag), and lipid side bodies (lip). The front end of the cell is a sac-like

region containing vacuoles.

Figure F. Transmission electron micrograph of zoospore of

Blastocladiella. In addition to the structures mentioned above, the

image shows the flagellar motor aparatus (kinetosome, K), Gamma

bodies of unknown function (G), and double membranes (DM) that are

continuous with the membrane of the nucleus and nuclear cap in

regions marked "1".

[Figures E and F supplied by MS Fuller, from Reichle & Fuller, 1967]

1. accumulation of zoospores at specific sites by sensing gradients of

attractants or repellents (zoospore taxis);

2. settling and orientation on the host surface, perhaps by recognition of

specific host surface components;

3. adhesion and encystment, involving the release of adhesins and

production of a cyst wall;

4. germination with a fixed orientation, from an apparently predetermined

point.

kuis

1.Chytridiomycota membentuk zoospora seperti
halnya protista. Mengapa digolongkan ke
dalam kingdom fungi?

2.Bagaimana anda membedakan flagel chytrid

dengan flagel protista?

3.Sebutkan dua perbedaan chytrid dengan fungi
terrestrial.

4.Bagaimana cara anda memastikan bahwa
memang benar chytrid lebih primitif
dibandingkan fungi terrestrial?

kuis

5.Bagaimanakah cara chytrid

mendapatkan bahan makanan?

6.Bagaimanakah cara chytrid

memperbanyak diri?

7.Apakah peran chytrid dalam kehidupan?

Karakteristik Zygomycota

Morfologi : hifa koenositik, haploid, miselium,

sporangiofor, sporangium, sporangiospora,

zygosporangium (dinding tebal-hitam),

zygospora (awal diploid lalu meiosis menjadi

haploid, istirahat (dorman), undifferentiated

hyphae, stolon, rhizoid

Fisiologi : nutrisi absorptif, saprofitik, mutualistik

Reproduksi : aseksual dan seksual

Karakteristik Zygomycota

Habitat : terrestrial : saprofit di tanah,

makanan atau sisa tumbuhan dan hewan,

bersimbiose dengan akar tanaman

Peranan : saprofitik, mutualistik

membentuk mikoriza (mycorrhiza) tipe

endomycorhizza.

Endomycorhizza :

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