FOUNDATION™ Fieldbus Fieldbus Basics & its Benefits

James Loh
Yokogawa Engineering Asia On behalf of
Fieldbus Foundation TM

Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010

Fieldbus Basics - Agenda 1. H1 Basic Review.

2.

H1 Benefits.

3.

FOUNDATION Fieldbus Terminologies.

2

Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010

H1 Basic Review

3

Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010

What is Fieldbus? 1. Data Servers MIS ERP HMI HSE H1-Fieldbus Network Business Enterprise H1 and HSE 4 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . serial two-way. multi-drop communication System. A fieldbus is an all-digital. 3.25kbps) interconnects field equipment (Sensors. H1 link (31. subsystems (via Linking Device) and data servers and workstation. 2. Actuators & I/O). HSE (High Speed Ethernet. 100mbps) provides integration of high speed controllers.

H1 Benefits 5 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 .

Fieldbus distortion-free characteristics digital communication enables improved control capability which can improve product yields.More data is available 1. Alarm Diagnostics . Etc H1 I/O Subsystem Traditional 4-20mA One Variable (One Direction) Fieldbus Multiple Variables (Both Directions) 6 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . trend analysis. Control System Network Control system network Analog Controller PV 4-20mA Fieldbus Controller PV . predictive maintenance and for asset management. 2. Mode . process optimization. Variables . reporting. Fieldbus allows “multiple variables” from each device to be brought into the control system for archiving.

Etc H1 I/O Subsystem Traditional 4-20mA View stops at I/O Subsystem Fieldbus Extends View to Field Instrument 7 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . Alarm Diagnostics . Mode . 2. Control System Network Control System Network Analog Controller PV 4-20mA Fieldbus Controller PV . Self Diagnostics and communication capabilities of microprocessor based fieldbus devices helps reduce downtime and improve plant safety. Plant operation and Maintenance personnel can be notified and corrective actions taken quickly and safely. Variables .Expanded View of Process & Instrument 1.

decrease CPU loadings and enable faster loop executions. Distribution of control into field devices can reduce the amount of hardware needed. Many control system functions such as AI.Reduction in System Hardware 1. Etc H1 AI AO PID Traditional Control and I/O requires extra hardware Fieldbus Extends Control and I/O to Field Instrument 8 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . Each H1 interface card can typically connect up to 4 segments. PID and AO can be performed by the field device through the use of these Standard Function Blocks. Control System Network PID Control System Network Analog Controller PV I/O Subsystem 4-20mA AI AO Fieldbus Controller PV . 2. Alarm Diagnostics . Variables . 3. Mode .

This results in less wire.S I. Mode . Etc I. One Wire for Many Devices 9 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 .S I.S I. One wiring for each Device One I.S Barrier. Variables .S Traditional 4-20mA wiring.Wiring Savings 1.S H1 I/O Subsystem I.S Fieldbus Controller PV . fewer intrinsic safety barriers and fewer marshaling cabinets. The H1 fieldbus allows many devices to be connected to a single wire pair. One I.S Barrier. Alarm Diagnostics . 2. Control System Network Control System Network Analog Controller PV 4-20mA I.

due to more information coming from sophisticated devices. c. 4. Power Supplies and Cabinets.Summary 1. Reduced number (or size) of : a. intrinsic safety barriers. wires and marshaling panels. equipment Rooms. More information available for Operations and Maintenance. Input/Output Converters. e. b. “Control in the field” due to standardized function blocks. 2. d. Device diagnostics enable predictive maintenance programs. 3. 10 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . Remote configuration of devices.

FOUNDATION fieldbus Terminologies 11 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 .

Fieldbus Signal 2. H1 Digital Signal R H1 Digital Signal 1900 meters 12 Distance > 1900 meters Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . 3.H1 Network Review 1. 7. Function Blocks built into Field Devices. can have multiple Link Masters. Control on the Wire – single loop integrity 6. Support Intrinsic Safety. 4. Fault Tolerant. 5. Distance up to 1900 meters. Max. Multi-Drop wire pair with Power and Signal on same cable. Can add Repeaters to extend > 1900 meters. of 4 repeaters can be used to a maximum distance of 9500 meters. 8.

S Interface Host Control System I. FNICO.Intrinsic Safety Control room Field Field device I.S certified devices Trunk Power supply Conditioner T Wiring block T I.S certified devices Entity. High Power Trunk… 13 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . FISCO.

fieldbus. Device supplier provide devices together with • • 2. Common File Format (CFF). Configuration System DD & CFF Device Descriptor (DD) File allow operation of devices from different suppliers on the same fieldbus with single host system. The CFF file is used in conjunction with the Device Descriptor file to enable a host system to perform offline engineering without the devices.DD and CFF Files 1.org 3. Common File Format (CFF) is a file which describes the functions and capabilities of a field device. www. H1 Network 14 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . Device Description (DD).

Spur short-circuit protection. Typically 10-12 buspowered fieldbus devices per segment. isolated power conditioning defined by FF-831 specs. T PC Power supply 24V DC Bulk power PC Power supply Trunk Spur T Field Devices FF-831 FF- Segment 15 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 .Typical Fieldbus Installation Control System (Host) Fieldbus Interface Module • • • • An example of the Chicken foot (tree) topology. Redundant.

Fieldbus Component Power Supply Power Supply Workstation Workstation Fieldbus Interface Module Fieldbus Interface Module Conditioner Conditioner FOUNDATION™ Fieldbus System HMI HMI HSE Cable HSE Cable Fieldbus Controller Safe Area (Host) H1 Bus (Trunk) H1 Bus (Trunk) Terminator Terminator Junction Box Junction Box H1 Bus Wire (Spurs) H1 Bus Wire (Spurs) Transmitters Transmitters 16 Hazardous Area (Field) Terminator Terminator Analyzer Analyzer Actuator Valve Actuator Valve Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 .

The User Application Layer.H1 Fieldbus Model FOUNDATION fieldbus H1 technology consists of: • • • The Physical Layer. Communication stack is comprised of layer 2 and layer 7. The Communication Stack. 5 and 6. Fieldbus does not use OSI layer 3. FAS maps the FMS into DLL. Data Link Layer is OSI layer 2. FMS is OSI layer 7. • • • • • • Physical Layer is OSI layer 1. The Open Systems Interconnect (OSI) layered communication model is used to model these components. 17 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . 4.

The Physical Layer receives messages from the communication stack and converts the messages into physical signals on the fieldbus transmission medium and vice versa. start delimiters and end delimiters. 2. 18 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . Conversion includes adding and removing preambles.H1 Fieldbus Model 1.

FAS uses the scheduled and unscheduled features of the DLL to provide a service for the FMS. 3.H1 Fieldbus Model 1. The Data Link Layer (DLL) controls transmission of messages onto the fieldbus. 2. through a deterministic centralized bus scheduler call the Link Active Scheduler (LAS). FMS services allow user applications to send messages to each other across the fieldbus using a standard set of messages. 3. The Communication Stack comprises of Layer 2 and 7. 19 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 .

The Fieldbus Foundation has defined a standard User Application Layer based on “Blocks”.Blocks 1.User Application . 5. The Control Strategy is built using Function Blocks. The types of blocks used in a User Application are described as: • • • Resource Block. Function Blocks. 20 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . 4. Blocks are representations of different types of application functions. Devices are configured using Resource Block and Transducer Block. Transducer Block. 3. 2.

etc. manufacturer and serial number. The Resource Block describes characteristics of the fieldbus device such as device name.Resource Block 1. H1 Interface Device Resource block Device 21 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . There is only one Resource Block in a device. 2.

2. Transducer Blocks are required to Read sensors value and command output value.Transducer Block 1. H1 Interface Device Transducer block Device 22 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . Transducer Blocks are used to configure devices.

Input and output parameters of Function Blocks can be linked over the fieldbus. The execution of each Function Blocks is precisely scheduled and there can be many function blocks in a single user application.Function Blocks 1. H1 Fieldbus PID AI AO PID Block AI Block AO Block 23 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . The Control System Strategy is built using Function Blocks. 2.

Standard Function Blocks 1. The Fieldbus Foundation has defined 10 Standard Function Blocks for Basic Control. Function Blocks Analog Input Analog Output Bias/Gain Control Selector Discrete Input Discrete Output Manual Loader Proportional/Derivative Proportional/Integral/Derivative Ratio 24 Abbreviation AI AO BG CS DI DO ML PD PID RA Class Type Input Output Control Control Input Output Control Control Control Control Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 .

Standard Function Blocks 2. Function Blocks Device Control Output Splitter Signal Characterizer Lead Lag Deadtime Integrator (Totalizer) Setpoint Ramp Generator Input Selector Arithmetic Timer Analog Alarm 25 Abbreviation DC OS SC LL DT IT SPG IS AR TMR AAL Class Type Control Control Control Control Control Control Control Control Control Control Control Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . These are some of the other Standard Function Blocks available for Complex Control.

(**) Issues a pass token to a device which allows the device to send message until it has finished or the token hold time expires.H1 Link Active Scheduler 1. Facilitates LAS Backup or LAS Redundancy. (*) Sends a compel data (CD) message to a device which allows the device to publish specific data when it receives the CD message. 4. LAS maintain a live list (devices that response to the pass token) which it uses to recognize devices on each H1 Link. 2. Provides Data Link Time Synchronization so that all devices have exactly the same data link time. LAS provides scheduled(*) and unscheduled communication(**) control on the H1 network. 26 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . one of the Link Master will become the LAS and operation continues. If one LAS fails. 3.

Basic Device do not have this capability.H1 Link Master Redundancy 1. Link Master and Basic Device. 2. PRIM LAS BASIC Device BKUP LAS 27 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . Two types of devices are defined in the Data Link Layer (DLL). Link Master Device are capable of becoming Link Active Scheduler (LAS).

Function blocks: AI 110 Device 1 Device 2 PID 110 AO 110 loop 110 period of execution Scheduled Closed loop control Function Block Execution Scheduled Communication Unscheduled Communication 28 Unscheduled Alarms/Events Maintenance/Diagnostic Information Program Invocation Permissives/Interlocks Display Information Trend Information Configuration Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 .H1 Link Active Scheduler 1. PID Loop scheduled and unscheduled communication.

Triple Transmitters (Un-optimized) AI1 AI1 AI1-[OUT] AI2 AI2 ISel PID AO AI2-[OUT] AI3 AI3-[OUT] AI3 ISEL PID2-[OUT] AO Macrocycle Time 29 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 .Link Schedule Optimization Optimizing Fieldbus Link Schedules Makes a Difference! • An Example .

• Faster display call-ups.Link Schedule Optimization Optimizing Fieldbus Link Schedules Makes a Difference! • An Example .Triple Transmitters (Optimized) AI1 AI1 AI2 ISel PID AO AI1-[OUT] AI3 AI2 AI2-[OUT] • More uninterrupted communications intervals. etc. • Better unscheduled throughput. AI3 AI3-[OUT] ISEL PID2-[OUT] AO Macrocycle Time 30 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 . • Reduced latency.

HIGH SPEED ETHERNET (HSE) 31 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 .

FF Integrated Architecture HSE – Subsystem Integration High Performance Control Backbone Standard Ethernet Equipment and Wiring Standard Function Blocks PLUS Flexible Function Blocks for Discrete/Batch/PLC Redundant HSE Interfaces and Devices Linking Devices (LD) Integrate H1 HSE Provides the Open Interface for Data Servers MIS APPLICATION PACKAGES Data Servers HSE – High Speed Control and Integration Backbone P L LD LD P L P L P L 32 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 .

High Speed Ethernet Devices HSE Client Gateway 100 Mbit/s Switch I/O Network HSE Field Device Linking Device H1 P L P L H1 P L H1 Plant Plant Plant 33 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 .

LAN Redundancy HSE Client Gateway I/O Network HSE Field Device Linking Device H1 P L P L H1 P L H1 Plant Plant Plant 34 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 .HSE .

Device Redundancy HSE Client Gateway I/O Network HSE Field Device Linking Device H1 P L P L H1 P L H1 Plant Plant Plant 35 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 .HSE .

fieldbus.Thank you www.org 36 Vietnam FF Seminar 18 Mar 2010 .

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