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Vektor Matematik

# Vektor Matematik

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calculus 3 notlari
calculus 3 notlari

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10/16/2011

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We have so far considered scalar functions of a scalar

e.g. f(x) = x2

+ 1 from R to R ,

but it is also possible to have scalar functions of a vector

e.g. f(x,y) = x2

+y2

from R2

to R,

e.g. f(x)≡f(x1,...,xm) =

m
j=1

x2

j = xjxj (s.c.) from Rm

to R,

Mathematical Tripos: IA Vector Calculus

2

c S.J.Cowley@damtp.cam.ac.uk, Lent 2000

and vector functions of a scalar or vector

e.g. f(x) =

n
j=1

fj(x)ej ≡(f1(x),...,fn(x)) from R to Rn

,

e.g. f(x) =

n
j=1

fj(x)ej

from Rm

to Rn

,

where the ej (j = 1,...,n) are orthonormal basis vectors (see (0.2)).

Remark.

• A function may only be deﬁned on a subset
of Rm

called its domain. For instance the real

function f,

f(x,y) = (1−x2

−y2

)1

2

,

is only deﬁned for x2

+y2

1.

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