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Tilapia Culture Libro

Tilapia Culture Libro

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Libro sobre el cultivo de tilapia. Muy bueno
Libro sobre el cultivo de tilapia. Muy bueno

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Pablo Antonio Pintos Terán on Mar 01, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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1. The taxonomic classification of tilapia is still
confusing and subject of continuous modification.
Currently, tilapia are divided into three genera,
Tilapia (substrate spawners), Sarotherodon (maternal/
paternal mouthbrooders) and Oreochromis (mater-
nal mouthbrooders).
2. Tilapias are freshwater groups of fish species
originated exclusively from Africa (excluding
Madagascar) and from the Middle East (Jordan
Valley and coastal rivers). They are distributed all
over Africa, except the northern Atlas Mountains
and south-west Africa.
3. The genus Tilapia is widely distributed in
West and Central Africa, but not in the eastern
slope of the eastern Rift Valley and the river basins
flowing into the Indian Ocean north of the
Zambezi River.
4. The genus Sarotherodon, except S. galilaeus, is
restricted to West Africa, while S. galilaeus spread

eastwards towards the Nile and the first Rift

5. Fishes of the genus Oreochromis are distributed
more in the Central and Eastern African regions,
but they are rare in western Africa.
6. Outside Africa, tilapia are widely distributed
in South and Central America, southern India,
Sri Lanka and Lake Kinneret (Israel).
7. Several tilapia species have been introduced
into many countries, both in Africa and outside
Africa, for various objectives. Many introductions
were successful, but many others were unsuccess-
ful or successful but had negative side effects.
8. Feeding and dietary preferences of tilapias
depend on tilapia species and size, time of day,
photoperiod, water depth and location, with little

9. Tilapia of the genus Oreochromis are primarily
microphagous, feeding mainly on phytoplankton,
periphyton and detritus.
10. Tilapia of the genus Sarotherodon are also
primarily phytoplanktivorous, but they are more
11. Tilapia of the genus Tilapia are generally
macrophyte feeders. They alsoingest algae,phyto-
plankton, zooplankton, invertebrate larvae, fish
eggs, insects, bacteria and detritus that are attached
to the macrophytes.
12. Feeding patterns and efficiency of tilapia
may be subject to diurnal and seasonal changes.
Generally, tilapia feed intensively during early
morning and late afternoon and reduce feeding at
midday and at night.
13. The digestive system of tilapias is relatively
simpleandunspecialized,consistingofavery short
oesophagus, a small, sac-like stomach and a very
long intestine. Such a digestive tract reflects the
herbivorous feeding habits of tilapia.
14. Tilapia have two types of teeth, jaw teeth
and pharyngeal teeth. Both types of teeth vary
from one tilapia species to another to suit the
different diet preferences.
15. Microphagous tilapia have numerous, long,
thin, closely spaced gill rakers, while tilapia that
feed onlargeparticleshave fewer, largegillrakers.


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