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Tilapia Culture Libro

Tilapia Culture Libro

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Libro sobre el cultivo de tilapia. Muy bueno
Libro sobre el cultivo de tilapia. Muy bueno

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Pablo Antonio Pintos Terán on Mar 01, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/23/2015

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Periphyton-based pond culture (also known in
West Africa as ‘acadja’) is a simple and cheap way
of producing natural food for herbivorous and
omnivorous fishes, such as tilapia and carp. In this
culture system, woody branches, bamboo poles or
any other hard substrates are planted or fixed in
shallow waters, such as ponds, lagoons, reservoirs,
etc., to allow the growth of sessile autotrophic and
heterotrophic aquatic biota, known as periphyton
(Fig. 4.1). The periphyton community comprises
bacteria, fungi, protozoa, phytoplankton, zoo-
plankton, benthic organisms and a wide range of
invertebrates (Milstein, 1997; Azim et al., 2001).
This system enhances natural productivity, which
provides natural food for herbivorous and omniv-
orous fish.

The production of fish in periphyton-based
systems has been tested in Africa and Asia with
considerable success (Azim et al., 2001, 2003,
2004a, b; van Dam et al., 2002). Recent studies
(Azimet al.,2001;Keshavanathet al.,2004;Milstein
and Lev, 2004) indicated that this system is very
suitable for tilapia culture. It has been reported
that 10 bamboopoles/m2

increased fish yield 20%
to 100%. The quantity and quality of periphyton
produced varied with substrate type, grazing
pressure and fertilization level. Azim et al. (2001)
found that bamboo poles produced more and
better periphyton than jute stick and branches of
hizol tree.

Periphyton may be a partial or total substi-
tute for supplemental feed in tilapia production.
This assumption has recently been tested by
Keshavanath et al. (2004), who evaluated the growth
and production of hybrid red tilapia (Oreochromis
mossambicus × Oreochromis niloticus) fry in mud-
bottomed tanks with bamboo poles. Substantial
improvement in growth rates was achieved in the
substrate-based system compared to substrate-free
tanks. The results indicated that periphyton can
replace or complement supplemental feeding in
tilapia fingerling culture. Similarly, Milstein and
Lev (2004) found that blue tilapiareared on natural

52

Chapter 4

Semi-intensive Culture

53

periphyton showed similar growth, survival and
yield to fish fed on pelleted diets. Moreover, the
periphyton-based system resulted in a consider-
able reduction in production costs.
It is clear that periphyton-based aquaculture
can be an appropriate technology to reduce pro-
duction costs and allow economically viable tilapia
production. This approach can be an ideal alter-
native in resource-limited regions in Asia, Africa
and Latin America,where small-scale,rural tilapia
culture is commonly practised.

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