THORACIC ANATOMY

helen.garner@jcu.edu.au
MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1

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Organisation
Skeletal protection

Muscular movement

MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1

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Organisation •  3 internal compartments •  Central mediastinum (+ heart) •  Left pleural cavity (+ lung) •  Right pleural cavity (+ lung) MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 3 .

Function MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 4 .

Skeletal Basis MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 5 .

Vertebrae •  The typical vertebral structure MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 6 .

MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 7 .Vertebrae •  The 12 thoracic vertebrae exhibit features that relate to the structure of the thoracic cage.

Typical Structure Ribs: MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 8 .

Typical Articulations Ribs: T6 7 T7 MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 9 .

Atypical Structure Ribs: MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 10 .

Sternum MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 11 .

Articulations MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 12 .

Articulations MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 13 .

Internal Orientation •  Diaphragm movement changes thoracic volume •  Creates basis for inspiration / expiration MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 14 .

Relationship to other Regions: Neck MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 15 .

Relationship to other Regions: Abdomen MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 16 .

Muscles MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 17 .

Muscles MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 18 .

Movements: Pump Handle MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 19 .

Movements: Bucket Handle MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 20 .

Accessory Muscles: Inspiration •  Diaphragm (primary) •  Scalene muscles •  Sternocleidomastoid •  External Intercostals MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 21 .

Accessory Muscles: Expiration •  Abdominal wall muscles •  Internal intercostals •  Passive recoil of lungs MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 22 .

Segmental Supply MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 23 .

Segmental Supply MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 24 .

Thoracic Nerves / Intercostal nerves MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 25 .

ANS Integration Cervical Sympathetic Ganglia MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 26 .

Summary MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 27 .

. MD2010 RM: Wk1 L1 28 .... & bring lab coats....GLS •  MS225/246 (Med 1).. •  Monitored “sign-in” session. •  Week 1 •  Thursday 8-11 am.. •  My philosophy “your study / your priorities” •  Questions guide you ..they do not have hidden messages! •  Be Warned:.. •  Must wear ENCLOSED shoes.

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