# BASIC SCIENCE PROCESS SKILL USING TIME-SPACE RELATIONSHIP

LECTURE NOTES KPLI & KDPM

direction.WHAT DOES IT MEAN? • All objects occupy a place in space • This skill involves the ability to discern and describe directions. shape and size of an object and its changes in a period of time. motion and speed. weight and mass) 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 2 . spatial arrangements. volume. symmetry. Examples of parameters are location. size. and rate of change. shape.) • (Describing changes in parameter with time. • (Is a process to describe a location. direction.

– To arrange events chronologically – To determine the magnitude of changes that occurred based on the rate of changing – To determine the location of an object in space and to describe its location – To describe the shape of an object when it is seen from a location or a point of different frame of reference. 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 3 . shape and size of an object in a period of time – To describe the relationships between the distance that has been covered in a period of time.Space Time Relationships • Indicator: – To describe a location and time – To describe the changes of direction.

They can put the mirror lengthwise down the middle of the fruit section to see if they can observe the image of a complete fruit. ellipsoids) • Describe their own position in terms of some reference point or the positions of other people or things. 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 4 . and spheres and ask children to try and draw a line or plane through each object to show whether the parts on opposite sides are identical. Ask children to discover if the right and left sides of the half are symmetrical. circles) and 3 D shapes (cubes. • Tell time on a clock • Describe time sequences such as day and night and the seasons. squres. prisms.SAMPLE ACTIVITIES • Recognise and name 2D (squares. rectangles. • Provide children with a small metal mirror (instead of glass as a safety precaution) and half an apple or a pear made by a lengthwise cut through the fruit. • One aspect of the property we call symmetry is the repitetion in size and shape of one part of an object on the opposite side of a line or plane. Display circle.

ACTIVITY 1 : AXES OF SYMMETRY How many lines of symmetry? 4 LINES OF SYMMETRY 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 5 .

2 LINES OF SYMMETRY 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 6 .

3 LINES OF SYMMETRY 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 7 .

INFINITE LINES OF SYMMETRY 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 8 .

HOW MANY PLANES OF SYMMETRY? 2 PLANES OF SYMMETRY 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 9 .

2 PLANES OF SYMMETRY 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 10 .