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~G-Title When IX - The First Year
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I agreed to be on this panel many months ago, we were eagerly the final guidelines for Title IX to emerge from HEW--progress and arrive in our hands by I probably would
anticipating to President
Ford's office for his signature Why I was so naive,
the end of January. not have accepted failed to emerge,
I don't know.
this task so readily, however. I looked at Iowa State University
When the guidel ines and real ized I didn't
have 10 minutes worth of say. Title IX. No admininstrator
,J:..wJ, No one1Jumpe d to • 1 ement any part Imp
appeared even the slightest weren't
bit intimidated etc. I could
by the threats posed if certain practices possibly attributed frustrated
reiterate a couple of actions which possibly to Title IX or the women1s movement.
could have been
on many occasions
to get the show on the road at my university, to find out just exactly what
this would be a good opportunity
selected members of the administration the first printing of Title to the following people: President Athletic
think has happened as a result of the future. wrote
IX and how do they foresee
The University The Associate The following
- he did not answer,
The Vice President
for Finance - he did not answer, Director - he did not answer.
did answer: for Academic and, Affairs, and Public Relations,
The Vice President The Vice President Th~ Athletic The Affirmative
It was obvious you are in a similar how Title positions
that there wasn1t a great deal to say but perhaps situation,
it may help us all gain some insight into by various peoples in various
IX has affected on campus.
us as perceived
The Vice President There
had this to say:
is no question
IX has made uS more involving decision
alert to the need to reevaluate student athletes. to combine Although
Iowa State University's of Physical Education
with the Department prior to Title strengthen
for Men was made IX helped to
IX, the implications
our convictions. program
We hoped to improve the quality in physical education, including
of our instructional recreation,
In my opinion,
the two departments
had identical missions.
hoped that both programs expertise of ideas. students
would be improved by combining a forum for interchange the faculty. and the
and skills and by creating I believe
that the university,
from this reorganization. IX encourages other universities departments to are
hope that Title follow this example. segregated
No other university
on the basis of sex.
Men and women
should be able
to /1 earn that sports as we 11 as inte 11 ectua I act ivi ties can be enjoyed in mixed company. Mixed recreation and sports (hiking,
golf, tennis, swimming,
etc.) encourage department,
healthier in my opinion,
lifelong family activities.
-3should help to remove traditional inhibitions held by both in recrea-
sexes and encourage more active participation tional endeavors. Title IX has certainly women's athletics. participate cognizant
improved the visibility
This, in turn, has encouraged Universities
have become more coaching, housing,
of the need to provide adequate and physical facilities
for women student-
In addition, are beginning
the sports pages of our leading newspapers emphasis upon the feats With rare
to place well-deserved
of women athletes exceptions
(amateur and professional).
in Iowa), stories write,n about
athletic contests page (at best).
involving women used to be placed on the last I bel ieve this change, in itself, will encourage
women to utilize their athletic spectator interest.
skills and will create more
The Vice President Speaking,
and Publ ic Relations
then, from the general point of view, I certhat will bring changes
tainly recognize Title IX as something and a new dimension business.
to a good many facets of the university's I just see it as a fact of life to in a variety of
In my own thinking,
which must be recognized and accommodated ways in the years to come. where.
It won't come with a rush every-
There will be backing and filling and no doubt some
errors made as we inject this new factor into some long established habits and programs.
I have no good reading at all on how great the strains will be as we accommodate in a t hle t lcs than anywhere Perhaps to Title IX. They will be greater
else, won't they? response
this would be a typical
from this office--not
you can get a handle on, is there? The Athletic Director takes a different~ He reveals himself director with these
very clearly--perhaps thoughts.
you may also have an athletic
I have spent many days and nights on trying to figure out Title athletics IX and how it would affect men"s in the future. concerned intercollegiate athletics of Title which, IX to
We in intercollegiate about the implications to our athletic
as it has been ascribed our knowledge,
receive no direct financial Title IX, in effect,
from the HEW to
Federal government. impose standards receiving Federal
for "any educational financial
program or activity
assistance." conc~ing the authority programs It appears of
We have great HEW under Title not recipients was planning
IX to regulate athletic of Federal assistance.
which a~e to us HEW
to administer mandates assistance
broad and ambiguous Federal financial widest discretion
leaving to those who administer to educational institutions the
to interpret and implement Such an approach athletics
as they please. of intercollegiate
places the administrators position of
in the unfortunate is required
being able only to guess at what
in order to
-5satisfy HEW's view of the law. regulations We are very sensitive about
created by people not knowledgeable Weinberger regulattions standards, and Gwen Gregory.
in our field,
such as Secretary The proposed
are vague, ambiguous, with the result that:
and (a) educa-
lacking in specific tional institutions the specific
are denied the opportunity
to comment on in seek-
which DHEW will in fact apply institutions
ing compliance; minimal guidance
are denied even in
as to how they must conduct themselves
order to comply with the law and (c) enforcement will be subjective tional institutions and erratic, to arbitrary potentially
and unfair refusal or termi-
nation of Federal funding. The regulations authority Welfare delegated by Title regarding athletic to the Department programs exceed the Education and
IX, are not rationally
related to the objecby fact in that they programs, procedures
tives of Title
IX and are not supported
fail to provide for and seek to prohibit and classifications
which have a rational basis in fact and on the basis of sex. compel education institutions to eliminate in
are not discriminatory The regulations differences
programs which result from differences by particular sports activities, authority and will of both
the' levels of income generated they are arbitrary, seriously sexes.
exceed DHEW's statutory programs
Peter Holmes, Director
- Office of Civil Rights, regulations approximately in the athletic I think the
states that under the proposed the same percentage program majority
of women participating as men.
should be on scholarship of the colleges
I could never Iive with financial aid in all
even if they eliminated of football.
sports with the exception that· if revenue producing
This would still mean
sports were not treated differently would have to give 105 intercollegiate athletics. alone
from other sports, our institution scholarships somewhere to women's
This would cost almost $300,000 just for scholarships
since most of our Div·ision I schools have 105 on full scholarship aid. Our men1s department has already suffered and has problems - prime time. have
with the sharing of facil ities equally kept our $3.50 activity and purposely fee per quarter
the same for 19 years
did not try to raise the fee so our students in large numbers. This fee
could attend our sporting events should have been doubled Athletic Department
in the last few years giving our $150,000. Now all of a
sudden, the Board of Regents to $4.50 and it doesn't
increases the fee from $3.50
look like any of this money will come athletic department. and I
to the men's
There are many questions
that should be answered
am certain no one will have these answers until the interpretations are clarified in the near future. Some of the
-7questions that I am personally be proportionate interested in are: must
to student body composition on a per participant equip-
or must they be equal or comparable basis? How are the expenses
of shared facilities,
ment and staff to be allotted?
If more is spent on grantimbalance exists with
in-aid for one sex, but an equivalent regard to expenditures is the non-discriminate is required-with non-compl iance? required entrance
for any facilities mandate of Title
for the other sex. IX satisfied? What constitute athletic programs What
regard to expenditures?
Are both men1s and women1s
to have the same rules and regulations, requirements, eligibility requirements,
such as etc.?
said: am including some of
As requested my thoughts
in the above memo,
to the subject of "Title
Year." as follows: I. Implementation of Title IX by colleges and un i ve r
sities during the first year will vary according the current tions. structures and programs
of these institu-
I think the major thing which one
can expect during this period will be confusion-confusion approaches based on resistance and confusion to even considering new
based on lack of specificity relative to their applicability
in rules and regulations to particular problems.
-8II. In addition be expected, see: A. Attempts and successes in effecting mergers of to general confusion, more specifically which can normally
I think that one will
PEM and PEW departments exist. (Advantage
where they currently disadvantage - loss
of chairmanship, B.
or head designation.)
Confl icts in attempting favorable facilities.
to schedule use of more (Major courts, tracks, and
pools traditionally C. Changes
reserved for male sports.) of athletic councils. disadvantage or if -
(Advantage dominated constant equally D.
- comprehensive by male-oriented
sports enthusiasts on decisions
struggle and stalemates
balanced between males and females.) approaches programs in determining for females. equitable and/or
(Pools of general potential committees.) standards
student bodies, participants, E. Conflicts
elected and/or appointed
suits over different
for awarding academics.) F. Upgrading
(Athletic prowess vs
locker room facilities
to achieve comparabil ity.
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