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HW #3

Due: 11:30pm on Sunday, September 18, 2011

Note: You will receive no credit for late submissions. To learn more, read your instructor's Grading Policy

**The Free-Body Diagram
**

Description: Learning Goal: To understand how to construct a free-body diagram for an object that can be treated as a particle. In this tutorial, students isolate the object of interest, identify the forces acting on the object, and draw the free-body diagram of the object. (vector applet) Learning Goal: To understand how to construct a free-body diagram for an object that can be treated as a particle. The free-body diagram is a fundamental tool used in engineering mechanics. It is simply a sketch that shows the particle “free” from its surroundings with all forces that act on the particle. By correctly constructing a free-body diagram, one can account for all of the forces in the equations of equilibrium. It is often helpful to draw an enclosing circle (or loop) around the object(s) of interest and account for (a) forces in cables cut by the circle, (b) reaction forces between the object and any supports at the boundary of the circle, and (c) the weight of the object(s) enclosed by the circle. Part A As shown, a crate with weight hangs from a support rope that is tied to two other ropes at C. The two ropes are attached to tie-downs

mounted on the ceiling at points A and B. Complete the free-body diagram of C by drawing the forces that act on it.

Hint A.1

How to approach the problem

When drawing a free-body diagram, consider the object of interest as a particle and follow these steps: Determine the cut that isolates point C from its surroundings. Identify the forces acting on point C. Include the identified forces in the free-body diagram. Hint A.2 Determine the cut that isolates point C It is important to note the differences between drawing a free-body diagram on paper and drawing a free-body diagram in this tutorial. On paper, you would include only the isolated components inside of the dashed circle above. In the tutorial, you are given a diagram and asked to complete the free-body diagram by including only the relevant forces around point C. Although the free-body diagram you draw on paper and the one in this tutorial may look different, the forces that are included should be the same.

It is useful to consider point C isolated or cut "free" from the remainder of the system. The diagrams below show a dashed circle that isolates different parts of the system. Which cut best isolates point C? ANSWER:

Hint A.3

Identify the forces that act directly on C

Identify the forces acting on point C.

**Select all that apply.
**

ANSWER: tension from point C to point A the reaction force at point A tension from point C to point B the weight of the crate the reaction force at point B tension from point C to the crate

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the tension in the rope between the pulley and the wall .1 How to approach the problem When drawing the free-body diagram. ANSWER: .com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assig.MasteringEngineering: Assignment Print View http://session. what forces should be included in the free-body diagram? Select all that apply....2 Determine the cut that isolates the light Hint B.. consider the object of interest as a particle and follow these steps: Determine the cut that isolates point D from its surroundings. The orientation of the vectors will be graded. The forces of interest are all of the forces that act directly on the object of interest. a light hangs from a chain that is connected to a ring held in place by two ropes. Hint B. the tension in the rope between the ring and the wall 3 of 17 9/19/2011 8:15 AM 4 of 17 9/19/2011 8:15 AM . Hint B. therefore.3 Identify all the forces that act directly on the light The diagrams below show a dashed circle that isolates different parts of the system. the weight does not act directly on point C and is. Complete the free-body diagram of the light by drawing the forces that act on it. Identify the forces acting on point D. Which cut would best isolate point D? ANSWER: Based on the diagram that isolates the light from the remainder of the system.masteringengineering. not included in the free-body diagram.masteringengineering. The forces that act directly on point C are the three tensions in the three ropes. The exact length of the vectors will not be graded. ANSWER: View Part B As shown. Although the crate's weight creates the tension in the rope between the crate and point C. One rope is attached directly to a tie-down on a wall.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assig. Include the identified forces in the free-body diagram. Draw your vectors starting at point C. MasteringEngineering: Assignment Print View http://session. and the other rope passes over a pulley that is mounted on the ceiling before being attached to a tie-down on the opposite wall.

com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assig. the weight of the light . the tension in the chain between the ring and the light .. the tension in the rope between the ring and the pulley When drawing a free-body diagram.MasteringEngineering: Assignment Print View http://session. the tension in the chain between the ring and the light . Hint C. MasteringEngineering: Assignment Print View http://session. ANSWER: View Part C Given the same light system from Part B. Hint C.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assig. include all the forces that act directly on the object of interest. ANSWER: . . The orientation of the vectors will be graded. consider the object of interest as a particle and follow these steps in drawing the free-body diagram: Determine the cut that isolates point C from its surroundings. the weight of the light . The orientation of the vectors will be graded. The exact length of the vectors will not be graded.1 How to approach the problem When drawing the free-body diagram. the tension in the rope between the pulley and the wall . 5 of 17 9/19/2011 8:15 AM 6 of 17 9/19/2011 8:15 AM . Draw the tension force vectors starting at the point of contact between the chain and the light. Which cut best isolates point C? ANSWER: Identify all the forces that act directly on the ring Select all that apply. what forces should be included in the free-body diagram? The diagrams below show a dashed circle that isolates different parts of the system.masteringengineering.. Draw the weight force vector starting at point D.. Identify the forces acting on point C. the tension in the rope between the ring and the pulley When drawing a free-body diagram.. the tension in the rope between the ring and the wall . include all the forces that act directly on the object of interest. Include the identified forces in the free-body diagram.3 Hint C.masteringengineering.2 Determine the cut that isolates the ring Based on the diagram that isolates the ring from the remainder of the apparatus. The exact length of the vectors will not be graded. complete the free-body diagram of the ring by drawing the forces that act directly on it. Draw each force vector starting at ring C.

3 View Find an expression for and rearrange the equation to solve for in terms of the tension and the angles and . the forces can be combined as scalars but any separation will necessitate an additional moment analysis of the system. Hint A.1 How to approach the problem Whereas the tow harness system is three dimensional. The term "collinear" is used when the forces of interest have the same line of action. and.masteringengineering.. then the conditions of equilibrium are met when A tugboat tows a ship at a constant velocity. Learning Goal: To understand how to establish a particle's free-body diagram in a coplanar force system and to apply the equations of equilibrium to solve for unknowns. This will require a system of equations that can be used to find the two unknown quantities: the tensions in the rope segments BC and BD. ANSWER: Hint B. They exist entirely in a plane and can be treated as two-dimensional forces. In this case. If that plane is the x–y plane.masteringengineering. Part B ± Coplanar Force Systems Description: ± Includes Math Remediation..1 How to approach the problem ANSWER: Learning the terminology used to describe force systems helps explain the differences encountered in these systems. the force vector's x and y components must be equal to zero: Part A Three identical objects in three different systems each have three forces acting on them. Assume that points in the negative y direction. all the ropes. therefore.0 . and use the equilibrium conditions to find unknown quantities. The tugboat pulls with a force of 1600 . a particle is subjected to forces that lie in a single plane.3.MasteringEngineering: Assignment Print View http://session. Hint B. The term "parallel" is used when all of the lines of action of the forces of interest never intersect. Apply the conditions for equilibrium to Hint B. The exact length of the vectors will not be graded. The two rope segments BC and BD angle away from the center of the ship at angles of = 25. as if viewing the system from above the tow harness. The orientation of the vectors will be graded. Make certain each sentence is complete before submitting your answer. (vocab applet) Learning Goal: To understand how to establish a particle's free-body diagram in a coplanar force system and to apply the equations of equilibrium to solve for unknowns. Conversely. Determine all of the forces in each direction in the plane and apply the conditions for equilibrium.2 Draw the free-body diagram Complete the free-body diagram of B by drawing the forces that act on it at the origin of the axes. Concurrent force systems intersect at a single point and do not require a moment analysis.0 and = 25. In this tutorial.. Coplanar force systems require force balances in only two dimensions. students identify terms to describe a force system. eliminating the need for a third balance equation.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assig.1 Find an expression for 7 of 17 9/19/2011 8:15 AM 8 of 17 9/19/2011 8:15 AM . respectively.. What are the tensions and in the rope segments BC and BD? For this vector equation to be satisfied. What word best completes the following sentences that describe each force system? Hint B. ANSWER: View View By identifying the properties of a force system.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assig. In a coplanar force system. MasteringEngineering: Assignment Print View http://session. basic assumptions can be made that simplify the analysis of the system. The term "concurrent" is used when the lines of action of the forces of interest intersect at one point. Match the words in the left column to the appropriate blanks in the sentences on the right. Collinear force systems are one dimensional and the forces can be combined as scalars. the tensions in those ropes are coplanar. draw a free-body diagram to relate the forces in a force system. Draw your vectors starting at point B. Any forces that are perpendicular to the rope segment AB will be in the x direction. The tow harness consists of a single tow cable attached to the tugboat at point A that splits at point B and attaches to the ship at points C and D. the term "nonconcurrent" is used when the lines of action of the forces of interest do not intersect at one point. In a parallel force system. The term "perpendicular" is used when the lines of action of two or more forces of interest intersect at 90 angles. you can treat the rope segment AB as lying along the y axis with pointing in the negative y direction.

to rearrange the equation to solve for in terms of the tension Part C is given in the problem. there are two equations of force equilibrium that can be solved to find the two unknowns: the maximum weight and the angle . ANSWER: Hint B.5 Determine in the rope segment BA? What is the tension Express your answer in terms of ANSWER: = .2 The conditions for equilibrium .4. the free-body diagram was drawn to determine all the forces that interact at point B..2 The conditions for equilibrium The conditions for equilibrium require that the sum of the forces in each direction be zero: Hint C. The analysis of this problem has been simplified by realizing that the forces are coplanar. MasteringEngineering: Assignment Print View http://session.1 Rope BCA passes through a pulley at point C and supports a crate at point A. all the ropes and tensions are in a single plane. .. and . The x and y components of the forces were then summed: Because Find an expression for and use your equation for and . Hint B. .com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assig. ANSWER: = Express your answers numerically in pounds to three significant figures separated by a comma. and Hint B. Whereas the tow harness is three dimensional. If both ropes BCA and CD can support a maximum tensile force system can support? What is the angle in rope segment BC. requiring the forces to be summed only at that point. ANSWER: 9 of 17 9/19/2011 8:15 AM 10 of 17 9/19/2011 8:15 AM .4. the required for equilibrium? = 165 . . . What is the sum of all the forces in the x direction in terms of the tension the angles and ? in rope segment BC. there are two equations and two unknowns. Draw your vectors starting at the center of the pulley. what is the maximum weight of the crate that the Find an expression for What is the sum of all the forces in the y direction in terms of the tension tension in rope segment BA. After the system is simplified.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assig. Hint B.MasteringEngineering: Assignment Print View http://session.1 How to approach the problem Express your answer in terms of ANSWER: . .. Rope segment BC creates an angle of = 53. Rope segment CD supports the pulley and is attached to an eye anchor embedded in a wall. . The system of forces is coplanar. and . = The conditions for equilibrium require that the sum of the forces in each direction be zero: Express your answer in terms of ANSWER: = .2 = Draw the free-body diagram of C Complete the free-body diagram of C by drawing the forces that act on the pulley. The exact length of the vectors will not be graded. the system of equations can be solved to find these unknowns. and . the tension in rope segment BD. and the angles and ? Express your answer in terms of ANSWER: = . Express your answer numerically in pounds to four significant figures. . This reduces the problem to finding the sum of the forces in only two dimensions.3. thus. By applying the conditions of equilibrium..4 Apply the conditions for equilibrium to in rope segment BA and the angles Hint B. Hint C. All the forces intersect at a single point. and . The problem is further simplified by identifying the forces as concurrent. the tension in rope segment BD.masteringengineering.masteringengineering. and .0 with the floor and rope segment CD creates an angle with the horizontal. The orientation of the vectors will be graded.

the tension throughout the rope is the same: Because CB and CA are part of the rope BCA. MasteringEngineering: Assignment Print View http://session. . and the angle . All the forces intersect at a single point. The x and y components of the forces were then summed: Keeping in mind that tension in rope segment CD. and . Express your answers numerically in pounds and degrees to three significant figures separated by a comma.. and the weight of the crate ? The conditions for equilibrium require that the sum of the forces in each direction be zero: ANSWER: Use the trigonometric identity and the equilibrium conditions to express in terms of and . and . the magnitudes of these two forces must be equal if the system is in equilibrium.2.1 Because the rope segments CB and CA are part of the same rope. and . the The analysis of this problem has been simplified by realizing that the forces are coplanar. Express your answer in terms of . This reduces the problem to finding the sum of the forces in only two dimensions.masteringengineering.4. Hint C. the system of equations can be solved to find these unknowns. so .MasteringEngineering: Assignment Print View http://session.. the free-body diagram was drawn to determine all the forces that interact at point C. the tension in rope segment CD. There are then two equations and two .12 11 of 17 9/19/2011 8:15 AM 12 of 17 9/19/2011 8:15 AM . By applying the conditions of equilibrium. After the system is simplified. what is the sum of all the forces in the y direction in terms of the tension and ? in rope segment CB. . therefore. the Apply the conditions for equilibrium and express the maximum weight of the crate and the angle Hint C.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assig.4 Find an expression for in terms of the known values—the maximum rope tension Find an expression for and .5 Hint C. The maximum tension for the ropes and the angle unknowns. The only two forces that act at point A are the weight and the tension in rope segment CA. Express your answer in terms of ANSWER: = in rope segment CB. ANSWER: . and . and the angles The tension in rope BCA Hint C. Use the condition for equilibrium in the x direction to find an expression for the angle maximum rope tension . the tension in rope segment Hint C.3 Relate the tensions and the weight in rope segment CA. Express your answer in terms of ANSWER: = The two rope segments CA and CB are parts of the same rope.3 The conditions for equilibrium Which of the following is true about the tension CD. = Hint C..2 Find an expression for . and are given in the problem. . the tensions in the two segments are the same ( ). . The problem is further simplified by identifying the forces as concurrent.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assig. requiring the forces to be summed only at that point. Because the tension is the same throughout the rope.4.4. the tension in rope segment CB. Find an expression for What is the sum of all the forces in the x direction in terms of the tension the angles and ? Express your answer in terms of ANSWER: = . The tension in this rope must also be equal to the weight of the crate.1 . .masteringengineering.. . in terms of the maximum weight of the crate . Problem 3.. ANSWER: = View Hint C.4. .

Part E = Draw the vectors starting at the black dot... ANSWER: = View Part C Determine the tension developed in wire CD required for equilibrium of the 30 Part C Determine the angle . ANSWER: Problem 3..com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assig. The location and orientation of the vectors will be graded. Express your answer with the appropriate units.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assig. The location and orientation of the vectors will be graded. Description: (a) Draw a free-body diagram of the ring at A.. View Draw the vectors starting at the black dot.. determine the required weight of block D for equilibrium. (d) Determine the tension. (c) Determine the angle theta.masteringengineering.26 Description: (a) Draw a free-body diagram of the ring at C. The length of the vectors will not be graded. cylinder E and the 70 cylinder F.. Draw the vectors starting at the black dot. The length of the vectors will not be graded. ANSWER: ANSWER: View Part B Draw a free-body diagram of the ring at B. Express your answer with the appropriate units. (b) Draw a free-body diagram of the ring at B. MasteringEngineering: Assignment Print View http://session. 13 of 17 9/19/2011 8:15 AM 14 of 17 9/19/2011 8:15 AM . Part A Draw a free-body diagram of the ring at A. The location and orientation of the vectors will be graded. ANSWER: = Part D Determine the tension developed in wire CB. Part A Draw a free-body diagram of the ring at C. determine the required weight of block D for equilibrium. The length of the vectors will not be graded. Express your answer with the appropriate units.masteringengineering.MasteringEngineering: Assignment Print View http://session. (c) Determine the tension developed in wire CD required for equilibrium of the 30 lb cylinder E and the W_F cylinder F. ANSWER: Part B If block B weighs 210 and block C weighs 120 . (b) If block B weighs W_B and block C weighs W_C. ANSWER: = Express your answer with the appropriate units.

59 Description: (a) Draw a free-body diagram of the ring at A. The length of the vectors will not be graded.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assig. Determine the magnitude of the force acting along the axis of strut AC.. (b) Determine the magnitude of the force acting along the axis of strut AB needed to support the 500-kg block. ANSWER: = Part D Part F Determine the angle . Problem 3. ANSWER: = Express your answer with the appropriate units. determine the largest mass of the cylinder for equilibrium. 15 of 17 9/19/2011 8:15 AM 16 of 17 9/19/2011 8:15 AM . Determine the tension developed in wire BA. Determine the magnitude of the force acting along the axis of strut AD. (d). The location and orientation of the vectors will be graded.. (b) If each cable can withstand a maximum tension of T_max. MasteringEngineering: Assignment Print View http://session. ANSWER: = Express your answer with the appropriate units. Draw the vectors starting at the black dot. determine the largest mass of the cylinder for equilibrium.MasteringEngineering: Assignment Print View http://session. Part B Determine the magnitude of the force acting along the axis of strut AB needed to support the 500block.. Part A Draw a free-body diagram of the ring at A. Express your answer with the appropriate units. The length of the vectors will not be graded.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assig. Draw the vectors starting at the black dot. Express your answer with the appropriate units... Part A Draw a free-body diagram of the chain at A.masteringengineering. ANSWER: = Problem 3. ANSWER: ANSWER: View View View Part B If each cable can withstand a maximum tension of 2000 .. ANSWER: = Express your answer with the appropriate units. Express your answer with the appropriate units.masteringengineering. ANSWER: = Part C Score Summary: Your score on this assignment is 0%.53 • Description: (a) Draw a free-body diagram of the chain at A. (c) Determine the magnitude of the force acting along the axis of strut AC. The location and orientation of the vectors will be graded.

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