Chem 4511

Problem Set 6
Due Wednesday, October 26

Assume that all gases are perfect and that data refer to 298.15 K unless otherwise
stated.


1. For the equilibrium, N
2
O
4
(g) ÷ 2 NO
2
(g), the degree of dissociation, α
e
, at 298 K is 0.201 at
1.00 bar total pressure. Calculate (a) Δ
r
G, (2) K, and (3) the standard Gibbs energy change, A
r
G
O
at 298 K.







2. Work Exercise 6.3a in Atkins, Ninth Edition.
6.3 (a) (copied for your convenience)
The standard Gibbs energy of the reaction N
2
(g) +3H
2
(g) ÷ 2NH
3
(g) is -32.9 kJ mol-1 at
298 K. What is the value of A
r
G when Q = (a) 0.10, (b) 1.0, (c) 10.0 and (d) 100.0?
Estimate (by interpolation) the value of K from the values that you calculated above. What
is the actual value of K?
Use tables to find A
r
G
o
Then
( )
ln
o
r r
G G RT Q A = A + . Find A
r
G for each Q.
Make plot of A
r
G as a function of Q. Since A
r
G = 0 when Q = K, use this plot to estimate
the value of Q when A
r
G= 0. This is K, ~ 6 x 10
5
.

3. At 2257 K and P = 1.0 Bar total pressure, water is 1.77 % dissociated at equilibrium by way of
the reaction 2H
2
O (g) ÷ 2H
2
(g) + O
2
(g). Calculate K.

Draw up an equilibrium table. Let o =0.0177 be the fraction dissociated at equilibrium.


4. At 25°C, the density of a 50 per cent by mass ethanol–water solution is 0.914 g cm
–3
. Given that
the partial molar volume of water in the solution is 17.4 cm
3
mol
–1
, calculate the partial molar
volume of the ethanol.





Ninth Edition. This is K.0 Bar total pressure. ~ 6 x 105. What is the actual value of K? Use tables to find rGo Then r G  o G  RT ln Q .77 % dissociated at equilibrium by way of the reaction 2H2O (g)  2H2 (g) + O2 (g). At 2257 K and P = 1.0177 be the fraction dissociated at equilibrium. (b) 1. Work Exercise 6.3 (a) (copied for your convenience) The standard Gibbs energy of the reaction N2 (g) +3H2 (g)  2NH3 (g) is -32. Let  =0. water is 1. 6. Calculate K.0. What is the value of rG when Q = (a) 0. r Make plot of rG as a function of Q.10. Draw up an equilibrium table.   .3a in Atkins.0 and (d) 100. (c) 10. 3. Since rG = 0 when Q = K. Find rG for each Q.9 kJ mol-1 at 298 K.2.0? Estimate (by interpolation) the value of K from the values that you calculated above. use this plot to estimate the value of Q when rG= 0.

calculate the partial molar volume of the ethanol.4. Given that the partial molar volume of water in the solution is 17. .4 cm3 mol–1. the density of a 50 per cent by mass ethanol–water solution is 0.914 g cm–3. At 25C.

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