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IRURI DE NUMERE REALE

Stabilii natura i calculai limitele irurilor:



1.
0 ,
1
1
1
>
+ + + +
=

=
o
o o
n
k
n
k k
a
2.

=
+
=
n
k
n
k k
a
1
) 3 4 )( 1 4 (
1 3.

=
+

=
n
k
n
k
k
a
1
2 3
1 3
ln
4.
R q q
n
k
k
e

=
,
0
5.

=
=
n
k
n
k
a
1
1
6.
R
k
a
n
k
n
e =

=
o
o
,
1
1
7.

=
+
=
n
k
n
k
k
a
1
)! 1 (

8.

=
+ +
=
n
k
n
k k k
a
1
) 2 )( 1 (
1
9.
2 , ,
) )....( 2 )( 1 (
1
1
> e
+ + +
=

=
p N p
p k k k k
a
n
k
n
10.
( )
2
1
1
sin
2
) 1 (
t k
n
k
k
k
n
a

=
+

=
11.

=

=
k
k
n
k
a
2
2
1
1
12.
*
1
2 2
,
1
N p
p k
a
n
p k
k
n
e

=

=
=

13.

=
+

=
n
k
n
k
k
a
1
3 4
1 4
ln
14.
k
n
k
n
a

=
|
.
|

\
|
=
1
6
5 15.

=
+
+ +
+
=
n
k
k
k k
n
a
0
2
1 2 3
8
2 ) 3 (
16.

=
=
n
k
k
n
a
1
) 1 (
17. *
1
,
! ) (
N p
p k
p k
a
n
k
n
e
+

=
18.
( )

=
+ + + + =
n
k
n
k k k a
1
1 2 2 3

19.

=
+ + +
+
=
n
k
n
k k k
k
a
1
2 3
6 11 6
5 2
20.

=

=
n
k
n
k k
a
1
2
2 3 9
1
21.

=
+
=
k
k
n
k
k
a
1
1
ln
22.
| |

=
+ =
n
k
k k
n
a
1
) 3 ( 3
23.

=
+ +
=
n
k
n
k k
a
1
2
3 4
1
24.

=
+
+ +
+
=
n
k
k
k k
n
a
0
2
1 2 3
8
2 ) 3 (

25.
0 , , ;
0
1
= e =

=
+
b R b a
b
a
a
n
k
k
k
n
26.

=
+ +
+
=
n
k
n
k k k
k
a
1
2 3
2 3
2 4 27.

=
+ +
=
n
k
n
k k k
a
1
) 4 3 )( 1 3 )( 2 3 (
1 28.

=
+
+
=
n
k
n
k
k k
a
1
2
! ) 1 (
1 29.

=
+

=
n
k
n
k
k
a
1
! ! ) 2 2 (
! ! ) 1 2 ( 30.

=
+
=
n
k
n
k
k
a
1
! ! ) 1 2 (


R: 25.
2
4
3
k
14. -5/11, 15. 5/2 19. 11/12, 20. 1/3, 23. 5/12, 24. -43/176, 25.
a b
S

=
1
dac
( ) 1 , 1 e
b
a
26. 5/2, 27. 1/24 28. 1 29. 30. 1

31.

=
+
=
n
k
n
k k
a
1
) 1 (
1 R:1 32.

=
+ + +
=
n
k
n
k k k k
a
1
) 3 )( 2 )( 1 (
1 R:1/18 33.

=
+ +
=
n
k
n
k k k
a
1
) 3 2 )( 1 2 )( 1 2 (
1 R:1/12 34.

=
+
=
n
k
n
k
k
a
1
4
1 4
4
R:1
35.

=
+ +
=
n
k
n
k k
a
0
2
6 5
1 R:1/2 36.
R c b a
k
c bk ak
a
n
k
n
e
+ +
=

=
, , ;
!
0
2
R: e(2a+b+c) 37.

=
+ +
=
n
k
k
n
k
c bk ak
a
0
2
!
) 1 (
389

=
+
+ +

=
n
k
k
k k k
n
a
1
2
1 3
5
3 ) 1 ( 4 R:
200
2057
36.

=
+ +

=
n
k
n
k k k
k
a
1
2 3
3 4
1 5
R:17/9 40.

=

+
=
n
k
k
k
n
k
a
1
) 4 (
) 1 ( R:13/75 41.

=
+ + + +
+
=
n
k
n
k k k
k
a
1
)! 2 ( )! 1 ( !
2
R:1/2 42.

= + + +
=
n
k
n
k k k k
a
1 1 ) 1 (
1 R:1
43.

=
+ +
=
n
k
k n
k k
a
1
2
2
1
R: 9 44.

=
+
=
n
k
k
k
n
k
a
1
5
) 1 (
R:7/48 45.

=
+ +
+
=
n
k
k
k k
n
a
1
2 1
5
3 2
R:89/6 46.

=
+ +
=
n
k
k n
k k
a
1
2
5
4 3 2 R:23/8 47.

=
+
+
n
k
k
k k
1
1
5
) 1 ( 2
R: 5/6
48.

=
+
n
k
k k
1
2
) 1 4 )( 3 2 (
1
R:1/12 49.
1 ,
1
>

=
a
a
k
n
k
k
R:
( )
2
1 a
a
50.
1 ,
) 1 (
1
>
+
=

=
a
a
k k
a
n
k
k n
R:
( )
3
2
1
2
a
a
51.
1 ,
1
2
> =

=
a
a
k
a
n
k
k n
R:
( )
( )
3
1
1

+
a
a a

52.

=
+
+ +
+
=
n
k
k
k k
n
a
0
2
1 2 3
10
3 ) 2 (
53.

=
+

=
n
k
k
n
k
k
a
1
! ) 2 (
2
54.
( )

=
+ + + =
n
k
n
k k k a
1
1 2 2
55.
3
1
sin
3
1
t k
n
k
k n
a

=
=
56.

=
+
+ +
+
=
n
k
k
k k
n
a
0
2
1 2 3
5
2 ) 3 (
57.

=
+

+
=
n
k
k
k k
n
a
1
1
) 4 (
) 1 ( 3
58.

=
+
+ + +

=
n
k
k
k k k
n
a
1
2
1 1 3
5
3 ) 1 ( 4
59.

=
+
=
n
k
k
k
n
k
a
1
3
) 1 2 ( ) 1 ( 60.
...
16
1
3 3
1
8
1
3
1
4
1
3
1
3 3 3
+ + + =
n
a
61.

=
+
+
=
n
k
n
k
k k
a
1
2
)! 2 (
1 R:1/2
62.
......
3
1
2
1
.....
3
1
2
1
3
1
2
1
2 1 2 4 3 2 1
+ + + + + + + =
n n n
a
63.

=
+
=
n
k
k k
n
k
a
1
!
2 3 64.

=
+ +
+
=
n
k
n
p k
p k
a
1
)! 1 (
65.

=
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
n
k
n
k
a
1
1
3
ln
66.

=
=
n
k
C
n
k
C
a
3
2
2
1
67.

=
=
n
k
n
k
a
3
2
4
1 ln


Stabilii natura irurilor:

68.

=
=
n
k
n
k
k
a
2
2
sin
69.
( ) ( ) 1 cos 1
1
+ =
+
n a
n
n
70.

=
=
n
k
k n
k
a
1
3
) ( cos t
71.

=
=
n
k
n
k
k
a
1
2
!
sin
72.
( ) ( ) 1 cos 3 2 + = n a
n
n
73.

=
=
n
k
k n
k
a
1
2
) ! ( cos
74.

=
=
n
k
k n
k
a
1
2
cos

75.
3
3
sin
n
n a
n
t
=
76.
2
2
sin
n
n
a
n
=
77.

=
=
n
k
n
k
a
1
1
78.

=
=
n
k
n
k k
a
2
ln
1 79.

=
=
n
k
n
k
a
2
2
1 80.
n
k
a
n
k
n
ln
1
1
=

=




Stabilii natura i calculai limitele irurilor:

81.

=
+ +
=
n
k
n
k k
a
1
2
2 3
1
82.

=
+ +

=
n
k
k
n
k k
a
1
2
2 3
) 1 (
83.

=

+ +
=
n
k
n
k k k
k k
a
3
2
2
) 1 )( 2 (
1 2 4 R:11/3 84.

=

+ +
=
n
k
k
n
k k k
k k
a
3
2
2
) 1 )( 2 (
1 2 4
) 1 (
85.

= + + +
=
n
k
n
k k
a
1 3 2 1 2
1

86.

=
+
+
=
n
k
n
k k k
k k
a
4
2
2
) 4 )( 1 )( 3 (
2 13 87.

=
+
+
=
n
k
k
n
k k k
k k
a
4
2
2
) 4 )( 1 )( 3 (
2 13
) 1 (
88.

=
=
n
k k
n
C
a
2
2
1
89.

=
=
n
k
k
n
C
a
3
3
1
90.
3 , ,
1
> e =

=
p N p
C
a
n
p k
p
k
n

91.


= =
= =

=
n
k
n
k
n
k
n
k
n
k k
k k
a
1
3
1
4
1
5
1
2
92.
) 3 )( 2 )( 1 (
) 2 )( 1 (
1
4
+ + +
+ +
=


=
=
k k k k
k k k k
a
n
k
n
k
n
93.
! ) 1 )( 1 (
) 1 ( !
2
4
+ +
+ +
=

=
n n
k k k
a
n
k
n
94.
! ) 3 (
! ) 1 (
2
4
+
+
=

=
n
k k
a
n
k
n
95.
( )
nk
n
k
n
n
k
n
C
C
a
2
2
4

=
=
96.

=

=
n
k
k n
k
a
1
! 4
1

97.
( )( )( ) ( ) R a a a a a a
n
n
e + + + + = , 1 ........ 1 1 1
2 4 2
98.
1 1 1
4 3 2
4 3 2
+ + +
+ +
+ +
=
n n n
n n n
n
a
99.
1 1
3 2
) 4 ( 3
+ +
+
+
=
n n
n n
n
a
100.
1 1 2
3 2
) 4 ( 3
+ +
+
+
=
n n
n n
n
a
101.
1 1 2
5 2
) 4 ( 3
+ +
+
+
=
n n
n n
n
a

102.

=
n
k
k
n
k
a
1
) 1 (
103.
|
.
|

\
|
+ |
.
|

\
|
+ |
.
|

\
|
+ =
n
n
n n
a
n
2
2
1 ........
2
2
1
2
1
1
104.

=
+ +
=
n
k
k n
k k
a
4
2
3
4 2 5
R: 11 105.

=
+ +

=
n
k
n
k k k
k
a
1
2 3
4 5
5
R: -19/40
106.
( ) 0 , 1 > = a a n a
n
n
107.

=
n
k
k n
k
a
4
1
3 2
R: 9/8