SIC

Bryan Park

~'?~\~~r1
r

ogo

At a Glance
~-.
~_./'~

Model word~.
1

\

Meaning

showing t~\ same patter~ as the entrl word (
'0.

'0)

Conjugations by tense. speech levels. and mood
I II: III' 1\ : Informal Low Informal High Formal Low Formal High

Related words

patterns
Co,

Sample sentences

Can I have a glass of water?

180 Easy -Binding
0

7l-T-q 17. ~J. 2.l 4 S 6 7 8 12. 7}A~_2_q 6. AlCf AlCf 7fCf 7fCf AlCf :s:jCf 7fCf 'aCf 'aCf o-fCf 2 . zj Aj-o}C} 19.~q 22.. ?t4-q IS. ~q 21.~q' 10. 1=1 8. ~0l7lq •••"iW'. Zil-lq 20. ~c.p 11. 7f?lw-o}q 18. ~c-lq2 24.c Preface······ 4-~J.l-olq(~\0B~H 1. 2.7}:zlc} 7 zl-o}Olcl '. ~4-q 13. ~o}s}cl 9. AlCf o-fCf AlCf o-fCf AlCf o-fCf o-fCf AlCf 12 13 14 15 9 10 11 AlCf AlCf 7fCf 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Contents .} iii v X\ Guide to Conjugation 500 Basic Korean Verbs EnttyWord EnttyWord Q71S'1 7}C} 7}2 ~lq 7}cl7'lc} 7}A~7}q S.. 4. ~t:'iq] 23. 7H~-o}q(FoflU-) 16. 3. 7J3':-o}q(~!HJ~J-) 14.

l.~q 51 . ! 74 . 33..lH~q 67.:::Lt:1q 52 . 71q2-1L} 'i0}7}q ofCf A-lCf 56. 36..25..ctt-) 7fCf 61. 'iq 91. 29. 30. l.... Y-7}q et5 46 et7 -18 et9 50 51 ')2 55 5et 55 5(. Y. -2--¥-'6"}q(JM#H 55. 31. 6 '\H~~ljjJ-'lL} AiCf _:V_2-ii)}L}(~It-) ofCf s: cq 2~Cf _:V_A~'6"}q(=g:tt-) ofCf _:v_~lq A-lCf -5J:f-'6"}q(I:. 44. 7l1LJ1q 68. 64. (. Y-Alq 83. 37. 71~'6"}q(Bcllk-) ofCf 58.36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 CH 6. 71~q ~2Cf 59.) ofCf -.5 6(l 29 50 :)1 32 3. 68 (l9 "'On 71 72 ~D-1 Alq- . 32. LJ1 t:1q 7fCf A-lCf 7fCf A-lCf AiCf 7fCf 7fCf AiCf ~Cf A-lCf A-lCf 'clCf 'clCf A-lCf 7fCf 7fCf A-lCf -:-8 79 80 81 ~p .jfq 2. 41. 7 78.. 42. 50 . 28. 7fCf ~q ~Cf ::.lHq' 28 65. l. y.llq 71. ~J:qq 69. . . 71 ~y-q(j:.. 46..::!qq AiCf 7~{l'6"}qc.7... Y-Tq 80.lHq2 66. ).. 87.j.lH ofCf -{H:!s:1q(~m~Mi-) A-lCf -{}~'6"}q(iU~-) ofCf -{}'6"}q(~m-) ofCf T~'6"}q ofCf T/'as:1q(t~M-) A-lCf T'6"}ql(*_) ofCf T'6"}q2Ust-) ofCf ~L} ~Cf AiCf A-lCf Aicf r -. 83 8·+ 85 8() 888 8l) l)() l)] 92 l)3 9! l)5 61 . . 27.. \J71q 89.rI. 5.:::L~]q 54. Y-EE}A]q 82.. ?o 76..:::L~TL} 53 .:::Lc. ~~L} 70. 48. LJ1~q 92. LJ1 c:j_2_q 95. y. 58 59 ()() 81... 71H~'6"}q ofCf 60.. \Jq 90.. 49. 1ll2j 0lq 72.. LJ1q 93. 38. 47. ! (.. ~q 73.-) o-rCf ~Aas:lqOR:JE-) AiCf ~~'6"}qCiRJE-) ofCf ~~'6"}q(*M1H o-rCf ~~'6"}qU&PJft-) ofCf lj]~'6"}q(~tJr-) ofCf ljl4f-s:1qc*~Hfii-) AiCf 7~16:0=-}q(*l1ii. 3 .. ~y-q 77.3 ::Jet 35 . AiCf 'clCf AiCf AiCf AiCf AiCf AiCf AiCf AiCf ~Cf A-lCf ~Cf A-lCf 7fCf A-lcf 62 (':) (.. 2h 62.:/~.. 39.:gq T XJ-olq ).. 34. 3~ .71%olq 63. 45. 71 ~'6"}q(§ct!-) ofCf 88. l-}q .E}y-q 85. 43. 71rR'6"}q(JtJl11J-) ofCf 57.. ~o-L2__q 26. LJ1 c:j7}q 94. . .E}LJ1q 86°q '2 . 40. _2_q 84. ~LJ1L} 75 76 eLig 79.

. ~-olq 128. 143. ~q ~cr 118. I() 1 lO. c}l-1_2_q 122. 142.q 7fcr Ll1 elq Alcr s=_pJ7}C}(!i&L::-)7fcr S=_~-T-q Alcr s=_ '5}C}(. Li1~q ~cr 97. 159.)'1 1')6 1. \lq ~cr 99. ~q 129.) IU6 l(P IOH L09 lJO II 1 112 113 11'-1 11') 116 11~ 118 eCIE q7}7}q q7} _2_q 121. 155. 149. 151. 163.96. 161. 132. HI ]Yi LI() IV 13H 15<) 1 10 III 112 I 15 1++ 11') 116 1-"17 118 14() 1')0 1')1 1')2 1'13 1'1'I 1. ~Glq Alcr 116. ~q ~cr 115. <)H <)<) I()O I()I 1()~ 10. \l0l7}q 7fcr 100. 146.1-) ' I'. "%-5-1q Alcr 111.t]1'5}q -ofcr 104. 141. 120. "%-olq Alcr 110.~() l:\ I l . 144. 160. 137. 'C1-q T1 126. ~Oly-q 7fcr 117. 138. 135. 164. 14). 133. ~c}Alq 119. 152. L:-~c} ~cr 103. -'j=-2q ¥2cr 112. 153. 136. ~olq Alcr 108 .i21'5}q(~JJ-) -ofcr 105. 134.1. -"=-q -0 'ctcr 109.1 . ~C}q 7fcr 107. 162. 147. -'=-771q Alcr 114. ~q 127. qyq 123. 158. 131.)7 1'18 I ')() ]()() I ()I I oz 16..tIJm-) -ofcr ~ %q ~cr %elq Alcr %_liI_q 7fcr %O}7}q 7fcr %o}_liI_q 7fcr %o} _2_q 7fcr %q s:jq Alcr T-q Alcr %c~_liI_q 7fcr %cW}c} 7fcr t:: c~y-q 7fcr ~ c~Li1 q Alcr ~elq Alcr ~q ?:Jcr I. 139. q'5}q 125 .\li. ~q ~cr <)() <). 150. 165. \l Olklq Alcr 101. 12l 122 123 I~-"I Ir -} 1~6 IT I~H 12l) ~c:j7}q 7fcr ~elq1 Alcr ~Glq2 Alcr ~o}y-c} 7fcr @q 'ctcr ~71q Alcr ~q 'ctcr cg71q Alcr I:-J'5}q('. \l71c} Alcr 98. \l5-1q Alcr 102. q5-1q 124. 7fcr 7fcr 7fcr Alcr Alcr -ofcr 'ctcr 'ctcr Alcr ~cr Alcr 119 l~() 156.-) -ofcr ~q 'ctcr t:J1q Alcr IW'2j-iJ}q(1i't:fr-) Ncr LB'5}qCH-) -ofcr Cl'5}q "Of[::-f li:iAlq Alcr ~q -'-'~cr L-ll c:j7}q 7fcr I11cl_2. 154. 166. 157. ~q ~cr 106. 5:. ~q 113. 5:.~ I() I l ()'i I()() . 140. 148.') 130.

.iq }... u:j-q 176.. ~q3 'aq 207. reiL-j-q 180. .iC-f }. ~ql 'aq 205.iq 7fq 2_2q }. u:j-2-j-7}q 177. E?1q2 188. ~ O:jq _lol_q 175. ~q2 169. n11J'-2q ~q 214. "*-o}q }.2_2q }.. . u}'i:!-o}q ~q ~q . ~2-jq 184...iq 200.iq 7fq 7fq 7fq 7fq 7fq }.iq 230.. 1i'l-~-o}q(jffifE-) ofq }. ul-'f~-o}q ofq }..?£71q 210.iq 224.iq 220 . .. ~O-l_2_q 174. ~0-l7-1q 185. rEl]q 186. %O-l_lol_q }.. ~-o]q 7fq 197. ulif-q 231.:-o}q eo.iq 216. ~4=-q J-.1i'l-7-]q 191 192 193 19'1 19'i 196 197 198 199 200 ofq 203.iq ofq Ih- 1()H 169 1"70 1-1 1'2 1"7.icf }.2_o]q 221 .. E?lt:P 187.-)() 2)1 2)2 2.iq }. %q ~q 227. . U}A]q }. %q ~q 228.iq }. ~q 234.2__2_q 7fq }.:jq 7fq ). ~q2 'aq 206.iq }.A:jq )..)) 2}-l . W-o}q ofq 204. O::q2 190. ~ 2t:} 170. U}2q 193. %q ~q 7fq 229. D 21)1 21)2 . 1J'-Ll7-]q 225..2_7-}2-j-q 7fq ~q 222. u]7-1q ~q 233.. rrfl2-jq 179.) I'-l 1-') 1-6 1"7"7 17H 1"79 IHO IHI lH2 IH3 IH'± IR5 IH6 lH7 IHR IR9 190 201. u}7-]q 'aq 195..?£ql 'aq 211 ..iq 215.iq ~q }. .. Wq 202 • ul-. ~-olq }.iq 208. pBq !j:!2q 213.iq 232.iq 194. ~q }. . ~q }.M-o}q '2. ~ 2-jq 171..iq 218 .167.iq 196.iq }..1i'l-L-j-q ~q 198.~ 191. ~q ~q 2() I 21)') 21)() 2()"7 2()H 21)l) 21() 211 212 215 211 21'i 216 217 21H 21l) 220 221 222 223 22Cj 22'i 226 ))"7 22H 22l) 2. ~q 183. ~olq }. ~0-l7}q 172.q _2_ 178. rei%2-jq 182. 1i'l-~q 199.iq 212.. u:j-2-j. :.E ul-q2 'aq }. .W:) Nq 2_~q 192. ~ O-lAiq 173.iq 209.iq }. ~4=-q 2_2q 217 .2_Alq 219 ... ~ql 168. _r:r:_ql 189. 1J'-A]-o}q(~ff[[-) ofq 226. %q ofq 223. rei_2_ r] 2 181.

~q ~Cf 273.!:. Afi'-2q 302.-"7 TS Tl) 2S() 2S1 2S2 2S3 2S-f 2S.. A}2}.-'. T() . 238. tltl]q AiCf 284.]q Aicf ~6]q Aicf ~q ~cf ~ ~L-j-q 7fcf ~i5}q(~-) Ncf ~§}i5}q(~1~-) ofCf . 246. BH}.!_6]q2 AiCf *q 'aCf llq ~Cf 2. -2:f-~q 269. ~?-]q AiCf 279. 259.]q 288. l:l]_llJ_i5}q(Jt~x-) ofCf 275."\O() 50l 268.]q AiCf ~q ~Cf ~?-]q AiCf ~~.!_q 7fCf l:l}_§_q 2. ~y-q 7fCf 280.-) Tt - )-- . "'~Zfy-q 296. 248. 247.!_q 294. A~7~y-q 299."lS 2. *q TO Tl )~ ) ~r. 266. 253.!_6]ql Aicf .-) Aicf ~~i5}q(~It Je.7. l:l]q AiCf 276. 1}lIi..!_q 7fCf .tll~ 235. l:l]. AJAJi5}q(~t~:-) 295. l:lFrq 236.7. 261. . A}"lfi5}q 289. A}q 287. Wq 'aCf 285. "'~7]q 300.!:. 263 .-q 0 AiCf tJi 2. ~q 271. 257. -2:f-12fi5}q(1til=G-) ofCf 502 5(). 254. 240. 260. "'~Zfi5}q 298.A:jCf 244. 262 .!:. 258. 256. 255.]q AiCf 278. 239.7. BB}.!:.- ~Cf -3JCf 272. Alq 301. l:l}1f1q 237. r2 ).. A}%s:1q(1fffl-) 290.7.!:. 245.2cf ~r11i5}q(&t1-) ofCf ~q 'aCf ~6}~ 6]q Aicf ~~s:1q(~~ Je. lJiq 303. 242. 251.'" . 267.''''' ) . ~6]q AiCf 274. 249. "'~Zfs:1q 297..]q2 AiCf 283.f llR . A}%i5}q(1fffl-) 291. 1}?-]q 293. 264 . AiCf l:l}2-}q 7fCf l:l}2}.() 2:\2. 241.]ql AiCf 282. 265 .!_1-jjq Aicf . 243. ~%-6}q(H~t&J-) r- 2')6 2')"7 2')8 2')9 260 26l 262 263 2(14 26') 266 2()7 268 2CJ9 7fCf AiCf ofCf Aicf ofCf AiCf 7fCf NCf 7fCf AiCf ofCf 7fcf Aicf ~2Cf ~Cf ofCf 286 2S7 2S8 2S9 290 291 292 293 29-f 2<)') 296 297 298 2<)<) . 250.-) ofCf ~~i5}c}(~Itii-) ofCf ~"'~i5}q(~ItI£-) ofcf ~~i5}q(~~M-) ofCf ~lEi5}r:t(~It*:-) ofCf ~ri5]q AiCf ~Jq 'aCf BJ~i5}qWjFu~-) OfE:. BB}A~L-j-7}q 7fCf 281.1}q 292."\9 2 10 2 tI 2j2 2-t3 2-H 21') 2'16 2±2-f8 219 2')0 2')1 2')2 2'):\ 2')-f _I) -. ¥?-]q AiCf 270. l:l]4-q AiCf 277.!:.) o AI:'k 286..

187. 169. 232. . 233.) . 193.2(). 194. 208.167. 200. 216."\ .2()(1 .1Li-q 7fef p}E-q ~Cf . 177. 219. 176. 172. 202 . "" o-fCf 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 228. 231.2_2Cf Aief ~Cf AiCf AiCf Aief AiCf AiCf AiCf Aief o-fCf 16]()H W) ["'70 201. 229. 189. 209. 190.~] 2:\2 255 25 + .2_2Cf o}A1q AiCf o}5.2() I .1~1r:} AiCf L. o}E_q . 184. 186. 178.2()H . 227. 170. 182. 181. 188. 171. 195.2_2Cf _2_A1q AiCf _2__Q_q 7fef _2_01q AiCf _2_~}2}q 7fCf %q ~Cf *'6}q o-fCf 4'-L-l 1q ~ AiCf 4'-A1'6}qOWiff~-) o-fCf *q ~Cf %q ~Cf %q ~Cf %Dl~q 7fCf 01if-q AiCf o1!f~'6}q o-fCf 017. 210.21(J . 1-1 ]"'7. 230. 175. 213.W. 224. 183. ~q p}//-'6}q o-fef ~'6}q o-fCf ~ql 'clef ~q2 'clef ~q3 'clCf ~4-q AiCf ~'01q Aief ~?1q AiCf Wql 'clef P1-q2 'clCf uRq AiCf U-Pr'-cq !:f'-2Cf ~q ~Cf ~o1q AiCf '?:l4-L} Aief _2_E_q .2(Jl) .1~'6}qUffiJE-) o-fCf . 192. 218. 207. 205. ~I::P ~q2 ~ cq ~ cjq ~Dl7}q ~ DlAlq ~Dl_2_q ~6:jq~q r4q u:}47}q r44 _2_q u:~cjr:} I[iLi-q I[i_2_E_q I[i~cjq ~q ~cjq ~Dl~1q rrJ1q !?jql !?jq2 t:t:ql t:t:q2 ~'6}q ~ef ~ef AiCf AiCf 7fef AiCf 7fCf 7fCf 7fCf 7fCf 7fCf AiCf 7fCf . 217. 234. 185. 221.22 22:\ 224 22') 22() 2T 22H 229 250 2. 215. 204.2]') 216 217 218 219 no 221 2.212 21:\ . 174.2 ]-:\ 1-4 1-') ]-6 1"'7"'7 17i) 1"'79 180 IH1 182 183 IRq 1H5 lH6 IH7 18H IH9 190 eO'% o}~'6}q 191.2"0 203. 222. 168.1q Aief ~q 'clef ~'61q Aief . 198 • 199. 226. 220. 179. 211 212. 225. 223.211 . 173.2()"'7 . 206. 214.1q AiCf 'iJq ~Cf ~q ~Cf E 2() [ 2()2 . 196. 180. 197.2I ] .

A}c}7-1q 288. AJAJ()}q(~1~(-) 295.- T6 )---. A}q 287. l(}qj()}q(JY:!t1-) 270. 1[::IT1_1i!_q 294. A}%()}q(1~ffl-) 291. -"~7~Lfq 299. _1i!_li1q AiCf 263. ~-"~()}q(~i£~-) orCf 247. tl1q 276.2-'! . ~2q 269. )--.{!s:jq(~'lJt-) AiCf 244. l~-. AlT2q 302.25. ¥cjq .)00 . Alq 301. -"~71q 300.2_2Cf . ~q 273.lO3 orcr . ~{()1q AiCf 250.~I~ 235. tl}Tq 236. l:lH-'f-q AiCf 253.. ~q ~Cf 259. BB}7~Lf7}q 281.lOI 302 . A}~()}q 289. ~OlLfq 7rCf 260.)Ci 272. tl}2-}q 238. ~q 'aCf 242.2--'3 . ~K()}q(~'l~-) orCf 249. ~Lfq 280. BB}7-1ql 282.1()}q(~U~-) orCf 245. ~%()}qO~tbJ-) r- 2'56 2'5--' 25H 259 260 261 262 263 264 26'5 266 26' 268 269 7rCf AiCf orCf AiCf orCf AiCf 7rcr orCf 7rCf AiCf orCf 7rCf AiCf ~2Cf ~cr orCf 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 295 294 29'5 2% 297 298 299 . -"~2fLfq 296.2'52 2"i5 2'54 -)) T'H T'l) . ~0l7-1q Aicr 257. ~:&()}q(~1~-) orcr 262.23"i 2. tl}1(jq 237. ~7. ~o1q AiCf 258. tl}2q 240. Siq 303. -"~2fs:jq 297. tltl~q 284. tl14-q 277. tl}2-}_1i!_q 239. orCf 241. ~o1q 274. -"~2f()}q 298.2--'1 )) AiCf AiCf 7rCf 7rCf . ~~()}q(~'lji-) orCf 246.. tlJ~()}q(~jj rp~-) orCf 252. tl171q 278. ~J-q 'aCf 251. _1i!_01ql AiCf 265. ~ cjq 279.2HO 281 282 283 28cJ 28'5 OAI~ 286.. Wq 285. A}%s:jq(1~ffl-) 290. tJ1 cjq AiCf 254.. ~()}q(~-) orCf 261. BB}7-1q2 283.iiL()}q(Jt~x-) 275.1[q 292. *q ~Cf -). 1[cjc} 293. ~cjq AiCf 256.25H 25l) . ~q 271. ~q ~cr 268. tl1. ~12f()}q(1t~{-) 2--tO 241 2!2 245 2"±cJ 24'5 2cj() 24""' 248 2-!9 250 2'51 .!Cf ~Cf AiCf orCf AiCf AiCf AiCf AiCf 7rCf 7rCf AiCf AiCf AiCf 'aCf AiCf TO . _1i!_q 7rcr 264. _1i!_01cP Aicr 266. *q 'aCf 267. ~o}~ o1q AiCf 243. ~q ~Cf 255. ~~()}q(~'lJi-) orCf 248.

iCf . ~~q 344..¥4fJH 365. ~q) 334. ~)-q 341.A. ~q 342..A.iCf .%1 362 563 56q .A. _B_ il}q(~*-) T 364. !f-1-o-}q(~-) 374. . 338.iCf .iCf o-rCf . Wq 346.iCf .q . A14~q(ft6ft-) 315. ~olq 335. /-~ ~il}q(gisJH 306.iCf 'ctCf .iCf .'lH 5.A.'1()I . 56H 569 .iCf ~Cf . ~q 350. ~q 343.'I1H .A. {i01il}q 324.:g-il}q(~rj]-) 307..'If_) 5"1 t :11') 516 . _B_~-o-}q(.*q 328.q 320. ~ ~il}q(~ff-) 305.A. %3Jo1q 370. -It-%-o-}qGIih-) 366. Al7'lq 317.)70 .'\ 511 51') 516 517 .*-) 'ctCf . {JJIl1il}q(~~3:-) 323.A. /-d.}q 326.A.iCf ~Cf ~Cf .-~-) 373.A.A.iCf 7rCf 7rCf 7rCf . _2_2q 358.A.A..)75 . ~Til}q(~fHE-) 353. ~1 01 il}q(}lif. %71q 362.'}--9-q 327.A. A1~~q 314.iCf . "flq 336.'\ 19 YiO .304.A.)"i 1 5')2 3'15 3".iCf o-rCf o-rCf o-rCf ~Cf .A.A. 6:j<5~il}q(15iHT-) 352. ~~il}q(~*~-) 354. 310. %~q 361. *71q 371.iCf .'16') 56() .'12+ 32'1 326 327 52H 529 530 551 552 355 . ~4j:-il}q(n*-) 348.iCf 7rCf 'ctCf . %q 368.5'171q 363.A.iCf 'ctCf 'ctCf ~Cf . A11--9-q ::i::7Bil}q(*gft-) ::i::cP1q 4j:-il}q(Ji-) 311.:ji:IH 321.'I II .1()<) 51() .iCf o-rCf . ~oBq 351. 309.")19 32() 321 322 523 .iCf ~Cf o-rCf o-rCf o-rCf 5.iCf o-rCf .\.iCf o-rCf ~Cf ~Cf o-rCf o-rCf o-rCf orr:_r ~Cf 7rCf . ~Jo1q 329.A.PI :)72 . . .iCf o-rCf ~Cf .)H 3')9 360 . °B~q 347.13 I 35') :\5() G)OI~ 337. A14il}q(frtft-) 316. -'tl-o-}q(E~. ~o}~q 345. -It-~-o-}q(.A. {lq 325.A.01q o-rCf o-rCf o-rCf .iCf o-rCf o-rCf o-rCf o-rCf ~Cf .16--.A.'1(=i J '\()() 505()H .. o}7J1q .'110 . {J"T-il}q(~=F-) 322.A.A.iCf ~Cf .iCf 55--. ~o}A1q 331. %c} _2_q 360.A. ~q 355.'\"1' 5"1H .iCf . ~~q 340. 308. 'i5-q 312. ~q 339.iCf .A. *q 372.'19 ..'[ 3')') 3'16 3')7 ").'I II 512 51. %~q 369. /-/-ql 332. _2_q 357.A.iCf . {lq 319. {J a11il}q(:':J.4'lq 313. 1.I~f-) 367. ~~q 356.'112 . ~ql 333. %c}7}q 359. {J. ~A}il}q(R:lJ-) 318. )~q 330. O1%~q 349.

r 438 +:39 440 '141 .}<5}q(~iH ofCf 417. A~<5}q('jE-) ofcf 414.\~l~<5}q(1jHjH ofCf 416.q 7fCf 439.+1 . 396 OAI~ 397. 402. {l"i>] ~qG1HJ-) A1Cf 441. -3lq 444.7-lq A1Cf 435.-) ofCf 418. 407.iq A1Cf ~_2_7lq A1Cf ~<5}q ofCf ~iq ofCf ~Jq ~Cf ~Jo. ~l:l1<5}q($1J11j-) ofCf 426 .Jl:l-] tiq A1Cf 57':. 390. 7}.Jl:l-] tiq A1Cf ~q ~Cf ')Iq ~Cf 5:1q ~Cf ~q ~Cf ~o. ~q ~cf 443. ~<5}q(1tn ofCf o171q A1Cf A1Cf °l~q °l~o. 381.n1 579 3HO 3H1 3H2 5H3 3H4 3H':. 386 5H7 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 39':. 403. ~q-J<5}q(4~-) ofCf 420. . 7-l1-}7}q 7fCf 432. '116 417 . s:{l<5}q(:t*.7-l2q !f. 7-159l2. A~ ti<5}q(!tJ£-) ofCf 413. ~:§j-<5}q(~jjt-) ofCf 412. ~q 410.~.}<5}q(A~-) ofCf ~ o.2 =o.'-) ofCf 442. 7-1LJ1q A1Cf 434. 392. 384.%<5}q 400.+18 119 q20 421 '+22 423 424 425 426 LI27 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 '+3':. ~o}<5}q ofCf 421.2Cf 436. 436 4. 378. 393. 387. TAJ<5}q(::EsJH ofCf 423.J1-}q 7fCf ~o. 57() 57 "7 . . 389. ~<5}q({t-) ofCf 411. 379.7}q 398.~lf-)ofCf °1~<5}qOijU1H ofCf Zl/. 380.7}2q 401. 396.~Hc<5}q(~F. ~q ~Cf 2- +09 110 "ill 112 '+1:3 ti'l 41':.J7-lq A1Cf °1/. ~olq A1Cf 428.7}c}q 399. 386. 385. 395. 405. 376. 394. 388. ~q ~Cf 419. S:/.7-l1-}q 7fCf 433. 406.}<5}q(fH1E-) ofCf °1°]:7l<5}q ofCf 01%<5}qOfU ffl-) ofCf °loB<5}q(f1l. 383. ~q ~Cf 415. 404.375.4q A1Cf 422. ~olq A1Cf 425. ~~q ~*~q ~*<5}q ~<5}q {f~q {f7}q ~q ~<5lq 7fCf 7fCf ofCf . ~q ~Cf 424.q ~Cf 427.+01 40Z 103 40iJ 40':.J/.HZ H3 . ~7}<5}q(ti't1Ja-) ofCf 431.'.2_2Cf A1Cf Alcf ofcf ofCf ~Cf 7fCf 'aCf A1Cf 397 39H 399 qOO . 408. ~7lq A1Cf 430... cIO() q()7 fOH 409. 7-l4'-q A1Cf 437. 377.JE. 391. 7-1~lq A1Cf 438. 382. ~q A1Cf 429. 717lq A1Cf 440.

~~-o}q(~fIt-) 449. 2}l~-o}q(Jfx:Yf'H o-fCf 463.. ~~iAlq ).. ~q ~Cf ). .iCf ). 490. ~-o}-o}qCit~CC~-) 460. ~cjq ~Cf ). ER-'j'-ql 473. ~lq )...iCf 161 462 463 -+64 C)51~ 491.___.2 ITq ~Cf 487. _:¥:_ ~-o}q( B f5-) o-fCf 485...iCf o-fCf o-fCf ).iCf 484.. ~-o} qUfHi{ -) 461 .... ~}q 446.iCf 481. 2}l-o}q(~43-) o-fCf 464..iCf ). :O<cL~-o}q(fFHjH 456...iCf ).!::-) o-fCf "6J-o}q(ioJ-) o-fCf ~}y-q(:JI(-) 7fCf M01~}T:Wi1F'l?-) o-fCf 1. Ej-q2 471..3q 468.iCf o-fCf 17S j ""'l) ISO IS] IS2 IS_) lSI IS'i IS6 IS' ISS IS9 00 * 462. 493.iCf ). 49~ ). ~ 2T:} .m-) ~q ~ cjq ).. 476. 71Alq 466..iCf t6'i 466 +67 46H ~EI~ 469.iCf 480. 494. e71~ 465.iCf o-fCf 7fCf o-fCf ). ~%-o}q(ii3 Jll-) o-fCf 497. 475..iCf 'ctCf o-fCf 'clCf 7fCf 7fCf 7fCf )._O 496. 7'l-'j'-q ). El101y-q 472. ~o}_2_q 453... El1-'j'-q2 7fCf 7fCf 7fCf ). ~q 448... 7'1q 467. _:¥:_71-o}q(tj1!J~-) o-fCf 483.. }iiq ). s}ql 470. ~~lq 482.iq 469 1""'0 -o}q ()R~-o}q(~iU. ~~q 500.iCf o-fCf ~Cf ). %cjq :rrlq TIl-'j'-q :rrl-o}q(~-) ). _:¥:_~s:lq(B f5-) ). ~~71q 455. ~O}7}q 451.iCf ).. ~~-o}q(1&'i1~H o-fCf 498. lE~-o}q(*m-) o-fCf 486 .. ~}tlq 447.. ~q 450.iCf ).. ~o}~q 452.iCf ). 477. 'il)) . &~-o}q(:ftH'!t-) 458.<R-'j'-q 454. ElAlq ~-o}q(..4'-q 459.':j:!2Cf I IJ'G' +91 1()2 193 I()-± i9'i i% Il)' Il)S 1<)<) 'iOO 499. 489.01 *-*-q 7fCf ).iCf I"'" t I''i i7() 17"'" GiIl~ 478.O}OI~ 445.iCf I"'" 1 1""'2 4""'3 Index . ~q~q 457.iCf I'i H6 II "'" I-fS 119 l'iO +'i I 1'i2 1'i3 l'il f'i'i 1'i6 4'i7 'I'i8 4'i9 -±()() j 474. 488.iCf 479. 492..

.

that is.r}.::J2(go and) ~+ .:il-~ and) . Regular Verbs and Irregular Verbs Most verbs follow a regular conjugation number of exceptions or irregular pattern. (-A~) 7~+A~~7~A~(let's go) ~+A~-~A~(let's ~+A~-~A~(let's write) live) (-. and ~ are called the stem. What is Conjugation? All Korean verbs end with -q such as 7~q(to go). These attachments are called endings. -AI'2l. They follow Verbs. Conjugation Patterns of Regular Verbs # 1. 2. there are a other distinct verbs which follow patterns.::J2) 7~+. Conjugation basically refers to the way a verb is formed using these different endings. 3.:il-~. ~[Wo write). ~[WO the basic conjugational rules. CDVS+ending CZlVS". for example.1. VS+ending The endings -A~. and ~ q(to live). However. The stem is constant attached to it to indicate in its shape. ~ cWo push). e.::J2(write ~+ . but they are sometimes different from other regular verbs. and various different meanings. 7~. Parts which precede . Even among the regular verbs. -AI. -71. there is one special type you have to pay attention to-2 with a 2.::J2(live and) #2. Q:j. tenses words can be and levels of formality. and -~ can be attached to the stem of all verbs (regardless of whether they are 2 verbs or not).g.::J2. + 2 ending . -. These are verbs whose stem ends live). 7iQ. and ~q(to turn).:il-7~.

:L!.LI?.:L!. -:::::[11. you should add .~. If the stem of the verb ends with a consonant.~. (_~/_O~) CD7f+~-7f~(if (2)1¥+~-1¥'22(if @~+o+~_~ you go) you live) 0 '22 you write) (if (-2..:L!. and -::::: can also be attached to the stems of verbs. (-LI?) CD7f+LI?-7fLI?(dO ~+LI?-~ you go?) LI?(do you write?) you live?) (2)1¥+ 2 LI?-AfLI?(do (-::::: [11) CD7f+::C'II-7f::::: [11 (go but) ~+::c'II-~::::: [11 (write but) [11 (live but) (2)1¥+ 2 ::C'II-Af::::: #3.~.~ -1¥ 2./_o 2.:L!.(in order to go) (2)1¥+2. The verb conjugation for the endings _~/_o~. _o:j/_o o:j. (1)VSv+ending1 .~ ~ . and .~.(in rder to write) o #4.:L!. don't need an extra .g basically depend on whether the stem of the verb ends with a vowel or a consonant.~~-~ 0 2.) CD7f+2.~. 2. 2 verbs loses the e.0 - in front of the endings 2 for the convenience of They pronunciation.g.~. But here.and they also don't lose their final e.(inorder to live) @~+o +2. Also note that again.2VSO"+ending1 (3WSc+ending2(0_) -2.~~-7f2.:L!.0 . it's important to note that the stem of final 2.The endings . verbs are the exception.:L!.0 /..2VS2+ ending1 0 '3iVSc+ending2(- _1_ L _I_A_) .g./_o 2. 1 )VSv+ending1 2 '.

There -I::::ILI77f?/-~LI77f?.1. consonant. -<='/-~.g. -01. belong to type #4. and in other cases./-o Ailst../-~01st. Here it does not matter whether th~ stem ends with a consonant or not..f. (-Ailst.e+ending2(-01) 3)VSHending3(-{):j) Type #5 endings include -0 fst. you should add . endings. q/-~Llq.. from the type #3 1::::1.Type #4 is similar to type #3 in some ways. 1iVS I +ending1 (-Of) (2!VSci . in front of the endings for extra the convenience complex.L q/-::: q)G)7f+ +AiIR---+~ 0 go) live) Ailst... The endings of type #4 begin with start with 0 L. -L/-':!_. and -OfAl/-01Al/-{):jAl.. -I::::ILI endings -)dlst. -LI77f/-OLlm.../-OAilst.0 If the stem of the verb ends with a or _A_ -. many remember one important group of verbs: orq .. If the final vowel in the stem of the verb is a ~ / .1.(please C2l~+ 2 AiIR-+ArAilst..f/-012. -0 f/-01/-{):j.L -. or not.(please @~+o (../-~01st.f/-{):j2. Also.. And just to make things in this case <=' verbs do lose their final <=' in the stem. In Korean. of pronunciation..(please write) L q~{Jq(go) Lq~~q(live) + L q~~::: q(write) q(go) C2l~+2 @~+L (-1::::1 LI q/-~ LI q) G)7f+t::t Llq~fJLI C2l~+ 2 t::tLlq~-./-01 st. and -I::::IAlq/-~Alq is an easy way to tell the type #4 endings J. verbs. or while type #3 or <='. The verb conjugation for the endings of Type #4 also differs according to whether the final sound in the stem is a vowel or a consonant./-{):jst.tLlq(live) @~+A+ t::t LI q~~ ~ LI q(write) #5. -0 f 2... e.) G)7f+AiIR~7fAilst. the stem combines with ending -o}.. -~01st. The -Lq/-:::q. . These types of endings are basically classified according to whether the final vowel in the stem of the verb is ~ /.

2 +~OI R ~~O1 £'(Iived) ~+~OI 0Ai+<]i R~~~01 £'(Iived) 01 R~{1 01£.. they combine with -O].L + Example 7f+Of~7f Ai + O1---+Ai . And . Types A Rule of Vowel Contraction ~+ ~-1+-1--1 . 7f+Of£.e. This is because of vowel contraction./-():j£.+-1--r:l -+-1--1 1 + -1H+-1-H -11 -1-11 + . not 7fOf£.(come) ~+O~R~~Of£'(live) 0Ai+OIR~Ai£'(stand) G)~-'¥o-f+Q:jR~~-. when a vowel meets with a vowel directly. (i..¥oH£'(study) (-~01£..(go) .(stood) 01£. (-Of£.f ~+01-%j M+01-AAi ~ B C ~ -A 0 E ./-?j 01£.g./-01£. not Ai01£. they are usually contracted. not . becomes 2.20f£./-?l 01£.(studied) G)~-'¥o-f+~ OIR~~-'¥~ Maybe you already noticed something strange..(went) .verbs end with -o-fQ such as ~-'¥o-fQ(to and S:_~o-fQ(to study)..LH + o-f+ ~ -oH ~ F G H 7fAI+01~7fA~ 771 H+01~771LH L Ail+01~Ail !LI+O1-5:H o-f+():j~oH -J I <Rule of Vowel Contraction> .2+of-2..) G)7f+~OIR~n01£.) G)7f+O~R~7f£.LI -1-.2+0f£.2+0~R~2. e.f£. their stem ends with -o-f-) When they are conjugated in this way.f£. becomes 7f£. cH~o-fQ(to answer). arrive). becomes Ai+01£. Ai£. In the course of conjugation..

irregular verbs are verbs whose stems end with They lose their I::::l before endings beginning with a vowel. but they are not. .4.3. -O~R/-OfR/-OiH ':AI"+*OfR~ LfOfH ':AI"+*~'i!!~ LfQ~ )!+* SJ+* ~\:! ~OIQ~ ~+*~~-~Q~ 7\IQAiIH )!+ * OfR~ 7\I01H OIQAilH SJ+* ¥QAiIH ~+* OfR ~O 100H OfR. or ~. irregular verbs are verbs whose stems end with They lose their A before endings beginning with a vowel. Conjugation of Irregular Verbs 4.'r-i'-AiIH ~+ ~ ~+OiR-.l-~AiIR ':AI"+ ~AiIR ~ LfQAilH cA )!+ * ~AiIR~ SJ+* ~AiIR~ ~+ * ~AiIR~ #5.g. ~q(to 4. -AiIHI-3A-liR #5. A A irregular verbs A. They follow the regular conjugation rules. The c: becomes a <=' before endings beginning with a vowel.f(to help) 8+ -EJ.~-i'-AiIH 8+ -EJ. e.-i'-+312:!~~-i'-~ 8+Ej -i'-+3AiIH. ~[Wo chew). -i'-+3AiIR. . and then grow a . ~[Hto pull out).!:fi01£ The following verbs look like A irregular verbs. iiJ-+ -EJ.i=-~2_ iiJ-+ -i'-+oiR -y~H -EJ. ~q(to wear) 4. They follow the regular conjugation rules. e. -i'-+3AiIR ~Y-i'-AiIH I::::l The following verbs look like irregular verbs. c: irregular verbs r: irregular verbs are verbs whose stems end with c:.g. ~q(to wash) '::iJ[Hto comb) irregular verbs I::::l.-i'-+312:!~Y-i'-~ iiJ-+EJ.2+0fR-~2..gq(to take).1. but they are not. -AiI2.~+~~-!r~~ ~+ -EJ.2.J::!q(to take off). v~gs #3-~/-3'i!! #4. Ve~S ':AI"Cf(to recover) )! q(to build) SJCf(toconnect) ~Cf(topour) #3. t.fH ~+ ~Cf(tolie) ~Cf(to roast) -CJ. -~/-~'i!! ~'i!! ~7\IQ~ #4. I::::l I::::l laugh). -OfR/-OiR/-OiH ~[.2.

Af2+.:I/-~'i!l #4. . ~+ r. ~~s! the endings beginning with a vowel. -~QAil£.-0~£v-OicaJ-Oj£ Df2+.x.!-0l5i/-Oi£ 7}H Cf(to realize) '2 7JH'2+E2+£\:1 -7JH~~'2'! ~+E<='+~~ -~Q\.4.gcf£ I I- J2 2 Cf(to choose) f--- !:f-2 Cf(to call) -'=r Cf(to press) 2 Ai-Ef.:I ~+-E2+£~ -~Q~ 7JH'2+E2+0-1IR -7JH~~AiIR 7JH'2+E2+0fR -7JH~OfR ~+ c <=' +~Ail£.2+Di£-~ci£ . ~+ E<=' +OiR -~01£. ~ ~Cf(towalk) ~+ E<='+Oi£.2+OiR-~ci£ -'=r~+.2+0fR-~cf£ ~ of 2 [f(to run dry) I::Jf Cf(to apply) 2 . 2 2 take). ~s V #3.x. {d+.e.- . ~q(to 4. and then the is doubled.x.E<='+OiR -~01£.x---- I-I-- OJ ~ 2 Cf(to stay) <5 I- 2 Cf(to flow) 2+OiR-~ ci£ - r----- 712 Cf(to raise) 712+. @-+E<=' +OiR -~01£.A12+.-\. irregular verbs are verbs whose stems end with before 2 The of 2 is dropped remaining e.:I {d+ [ <=' +~AiIR -~QAil£. 2 [f(to occur) I--2_ [[i2.x-2+DiR-~ci£ ---_.g.x. They follow the regular conjugation rule. {d+c<='+~~ -~Q\. @-+E<='+~Ail£.2+0fR-~cf£ .x- 2 Cf(not to know) 2+0fR-~cf£ 2+0fR-.2 Cf(to rise) [[i 2.A12Cf(to shout) .x.2_2+. ~ q(to believe) irregular verbs 2..x.x-2+0f£-~cf£ . #5.x.l_o AiIR #5.Cf(to hurry) 2 !:f-~+.q 2 Cf(to cut) 2.2+0fR-Wcf£ I::Jf2+. ~01£.-Ail£. ~ [Hto get).x.xJ2~+. The following verbs look like r: irregular verbs.------ *"Cf(toask) ~Cf(to listen) {d Cf(to load) <='+~AiIR-~QAil£.~ +.-01i.g. but they are not.2+OiR-~ci£ Ai-Ef-2+.2+DiR-Dl~ci£ <5 2+.2 +OfR-[[i~cf£ 2_2+.:I @-+E<='+~'i!l-~Q\.~QAil£.x-2+DiR-Af~ci£ Dl~2+. '2[Hto close)..

2.1.. 7f+[J-~.-7f2. 7f+Dj-7fl1l 7l+el:il-7fel:il but so in orderto 7f+OfAi-7 fAi.ct to go /7fLfgada/ 7I+LI?-7fLI? 71+t:I iJlf?-...ing attempt I not 71+01--7f(!I!Cf) I 71+ll--7fll (?~Cf) T Related Words Synonyms Antonyms Passive Causative lf7il 5fCf .~i!.-7fi!.fjLI7Jf? 71+~8Lp}f?-'~8Lp}f?7f~8L17}f?/~fjLPlf? 7fi!. 7I+ll~-7fll~. I go to church every Sunday.fl..~i!.:::_ uR9. ~ oj1 jiJ_:§j oj1 l!"q. Where are you going? • ~ c1 7~? . ~ELl77f? L and 7f+i!. 7f+Lll7f-7fLiJlf 7f+2. 7f+ll-7f71 .Cf Honorific Humble T Sentence Patterns T Sample Sentences • L-j-.7t.~.

..420 . ~Of5flJj ~Of5f71Lf in order to if .Sample Sentences ..£ ~O~'5~AI • Oi':::' 7r~~ A~l ~ ?J-0r..!:.oti.Sentence Patterns . ~Of5PI ~Of~H (.ing attempt I not ~Of5f2.t • 1I:S to like.tC...~i! ~OfWi!:! ~Of~. to enJoy /~Ofo~qjOahada/ • ---- ~Of~ELI71f? ~Of5f~ELlJlf?/~Of~ fjLI77f? ~Of5fi! ~ELI71f? and or ~Of5fi!.g5fq ~J015fq Causative Honorific Humble ~Of5f7il 5fq ~Of5fAlq .B o:j ~ ~ ~. ~ O~'5~LI? Who is your favorite singer? . I don't like summer very much .as.!q) I ~Of5fAI (~~Cf) Synonyms Antonyms Passive Af.

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