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i. Although at most of the times a problem can be solved without recursion, but in some situations in programming, it is a must to use recursion. For example, a program to display a list of all files of the system cannot be solved without recursion.

ii. The recursion is very flexible in data structure like stacks, queues, linked list and quick sort.

iii. Using recursion, the length of the program can be reduced.


i. It requires extra storage space. The recursive calls and automatic variables are stored on the stack. For every recursive calls separate memory is allocated to automatic variables with the same name.

ii. If the programmer forgets to specify the exit condition in the recursive function, the program will execute out of memory. In such a situation user has to press Ctrl+ break to pause and stop the function.

iii. The recursion function is not efficient in execution speed and time.

iv. If possible, try to solve a problem with iteration instead of recursion.