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(PERFORMANCE TEST OF SOLAR AIR HEATERS

FOR AGRICULTURAL DRYING APPLICATIONS)


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** tss@kmitnb.ac.th

Abstract

2
2 5




FR {FRUL}

(7.5 )

Abstract
Two type of solar air heaters for agricultural drying application were tested : two identical
perforated absorber collectors and five different versions of roof type collectors.
In the case of perforated absorber collectors, the instantaneous performances under the sun light
were compared to those tested under the artificial sun light. Determination of combined coefficient of
heat exchanger between the working fluid and absorber, and the transmitivity absorptivity
and
combined coefficient FR of and of total heat loss of the collector {FRUL} had been done.
For the roof type solar collector, the means of a long period performances (7.5 hour per trial) at
a low flow rate had been tested.
Objectives of this research are aimed to give a good basis for improving the production of
vegetable and animal product through drying.

1.


f-Chart (KLEIN) (2) f-Chart

(FR)
(UL) (transmitivity) (absorptivity) (r a)n


ASHRAE (U.S. National Bureau of Standards) (3)
AFNOR (1) ASHRAE {(Te -Ta)/I}

[{0.5(Te - Ts) - Ta}/I
ASHRAE

2.
(Hottle-Whilier-Bliss)

n
FR,
Fm

(ta)n

UL
(W/m2 - C)
Te

( C)

Ts

( C)

Ta

( C)

(W/m2)
(kg/s)

m
Cp
Ac

(J/kg - C)
(m2)

3.

m (kg)
Tsm ( C)
Tem ( C)
Im (W/m2)
t

, S

4.
4.1
2
2


Dr. MIQUEL
Mr. LABROUSE 1
4.2
1.5 m2 5
( 0.1, 0.2 0.3m)

2.

1 2

5.

(instantanious performance)


5.1
1

3 31, 45 51%
27, 44 55% 0.005, 0.01
0.015 kg/s-m2
1 n

NBS

ASHRAE

g/s-m2

5.17 - 4.87

n = 36.60 - 4.75 j1

0.85

n = 19.12 - 2.50 j2

0.96

7.94 - 7.46

n = 44.50 - 6.20 j1

0.73

n = 25.45 - 3.82 j2

0.91

8.00 - 7.73

n = 41.35 - 4.39 j1

0.72

n = 28.02 - 3.18 j2

0.89

36.13 - 34.55

n = 80.75 - 10.63 j1

0.94

n = 62.85 - 8.42 j2

0.96

j1

= 100 (Tm - T a) / I

j2

= 100 (Te - T a) / I
T C
W / m2

(<0.01 kg/s - m2)


5.2

( 0.019 0.036 kg/s 0.0127
03024 kg-m2 0.105 0.6 kg/s-m2
) 2


0.1, 0.2 0.3 m 6.5,
10.6 11.6 7.5 .


2
\
Q (kg/s) x 100

V (m/s)
5

Ta

T1

T2

T3

T4

T5 1

8/04 2,59 2,57 2,53 2,52 2,56 0,13 0,19 0,38 0,38 8/04 34,0

4,6

5,8

7,0

11,8

7,0

15/04 1,93 1,98 1,96 1,92 1,94 0,10 0,15 0,29 0,29 0,29 32,8

7,4

7,3

10,9

20,5

11,4 7,9 7,8 11,5 21,1 11

16/04 2,02 2,00 1,98 1,96 1,96 0,10 0,15 0,29 0,29 0,29 31,3

4,1

5,4

6,4

9,4

7,0

6,9 9,0 10,5 15,3 11

22/04 1,98 1,97 1,94 1,91 1,92 0,10 0,15 0,29 0,29 0,29 35,3

4,2

6,4

9,3

15,9

8,6

4,3 6,6

24/04 2,56 2,53 2,49 2,49 2,51 0,13 0,19 0,37 0,37 0,38 36,5

5,3

8,7

9,7

13,0

9,9

6,5 10,6 11,6 15,6 12

26/04 3,62 3,61 3,58 3,59 3,60 0,18 0,27 0,54 0,54 0,54 36,4

4,1

6,0

6,7

9,3

6,9

6,9 10,1 11,2 15,6 11

27/04 2,89 2,80 2,82 2,82 2,88 0,15 0,21 0,42 0,43 0,43 35,2

3,5

5,5

6,4

9,6

6,8

4,8 7,3

8,6 12,9 9

28/04 2,88 2,19 2,81 2,80 2,86 0,15 0,21 0,42 0,43 0,43 35,2

3,9

6,2

6,8

11,4

7,7

5,5 8,5

9,4 15,7 10

29/04 3,68 3,58 3,59 3,60 3,67 0,18 0,27 0,54 0,54 0,55 34,6

4,2

4,8

5,0

8,2

5,5

7,6 8,5

8,5 14,6 9

12/05 3,69 3,60 3,53 3,56 3,62 0,18 0,27 0,54 0,54 0,55 34,9

2,4

4,5

13,7

14,8

16,0 5,1 9,4 28,0 30,5 33

13/04 2,91 2,83 2,76 2,79 2,86 0,15 0,21 0,42 0,43 0,44 35,9

3,0

4,6

15,3

17,2

16,7 4,8 7,2 23,4 26,6 26

1. 30 cm
2. 20 cm
3. 10 cm
4. 10 cm
5. 10 cm
+ 1 ()

6,2 7,7

9,2 15,4 9

9,4 15,8 8

6.

ASHRAE NBS
ASHRAE


f-Chart

0.01 kg/s-m2


0.01 kg/s-m2





7.
(1) AFNOR, 1977, "Capteur Solaries Mesure de Performances Thermiques", Norm Experimentale
No. P.50-501, Paris, France.
(2) BECMAN, W.A., KLEIN, S.A., and DUFFIE, J.A., 1977, "Solar Heating Design by the f-Chart
Method", A Wiley-Interscience Publication, New York, USA.
(3) HILL, J.E., and KUSUDA. T., 1974, "Method of Testing for Rating Solar Collectors Based on
Thermal Performance", NBSIR 74-635, Interim Report, National Bureau of Standard, Washington, USA.

4
1 30 cm. 2 20 cm. 3 10 cm.
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