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dr.

RONALD TAMBUNAN, MKT

PROTOZOA
y CONSIST OF A VAST ASSEMBLAGE OF SINGLE

CELL-LIKE MICROORGANISMS y MORPHOLOGY: FUNDAMENTAL ORGANELLES: NUCLEUS CONTAINING CHROMOSOMES, KARYOSOME, FOOD VACUOLES, CYTOPLASM, CHROMATOIDAL BODIES, MITOCHONDRIA, GOLGI APPARATUS, MICROSOME, ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM

PROTOZOA (contd.)
y LIFE CYCLE: BINARY FISSION, LONGITUDINAL

AXIS DIVISION, TRANSVERSE PLANE DIVISION, BINARY NUCLEAR DIVISIONS y TRANSFER: PERSON TO PERSON OF THE TROPHIC STAGE, ENCYSTATION, INTERMEDIATE HOST, AND SEXUAL STAGES IN THE LIFE CYLCE

PROTOZOA (contd.)
y FLAGELLATE PROTOZOA OF THE DIGESTIVE AND UROGENITAL TRACTS: RETORTAMONAS INTESTINALIS, CHILOMASTIX MESNILI, ENTEROMONAS HOMINIS, GIARDIA LAMBLIA, TRICHOMONAS TENAX, TRICHOMONAS HOMINIS, TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS y THE BLOOD AND TISSUE FLAGELLATES: LEISHMANIA TROPICA, LEISHMANIA BRAZILIENSIS, LEISHMANIA DONOVANI, TRYPANOSOMA RHODESIENSE, TRYPANOSOMA GAMBIENSE, TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, TRYPANOSOMA RANGELI

PROTOZOA (contd.)
y AMEBAE INHABITING THE ALIMENTARY CANAL:

ENTAMOEBA HISTOLYTICA, ENTAMOEBA HARTMANNI, ENTAMOEBA COLI, ENDOLIMAX NANA, IODOMOEBA BUETSCHLII, DIENTAMOEBA FRAGILIS y PATHOGENIC FREE-LIVING AMEBAE: NAEGLERIA FOWLERI, ACANTHAMOEBA CULBERTSONI

PROTOZOA (contd.)
y COCCIDIA, MICROSPORIDIA, AND

PNEUMOCYSTIS: ISOSPORA BELLI, CRYPTOSPORIDIUM, SARCOCYSTIS HOMINIS, SARCOCYSTIS SUIHOMINIS, SARCOCYSTIS LINDEMANNI , TOXOPLASMA GONDII, NOSEMA, PNEUMOCYSTIS CARINII y MALARIA PARASITES AND PIROPLASM: PLASMODIUM VIVAX, PLASMODIUM OVALE, PLASMODIUM MALARIAE, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM, BABESIA

PROTOZOA (contd.)
y THE CILIATE PROTOZOA: BALANTIDIUM COLI

HELMINTHS
y TREMATODE 1. CLONORCHIASIS 2. OPISTHORCHIASIS (O. VIVERRINI & FELINEA) 3. AMPHIMERIASIS 4. HETEROPHYDIASIS (METAGONIMIASIS & HETEROPHYIASIS) 5. ECHINOSTOMIASIS 6. FASCIOLIASIS 7. FASCIOLOPSIASIS 8. DICROCOELIASIS 9. EURYTREMIASIS

HELMINTHS (contd.)
y TREMATODE (contd.) 10. PARAGONIMIASIS (P. PULMONALIS, P.

WESTERMANI, P. MIYAZAKII, P. HETEROTREMA, P. SKRJABINI, P. MEXICANA, P. IN AFRICA, & P. OHIRAI) 11. ACHILLURBAINIASIS 12. SCHISTOSOMIASIS (S. JAPONICA, S. MEKONGI, S. MANSONI, & S. HAEMATOBIA) 13. SCHISTOSOME DERMATITIS

HELMINTHS (contd.)
y CESTODE 1. DIPHYLLOBOTHRIASIS (D. LATA & MARINE

DIPYLLOBOTHRIASIS) 2. SPIROMETRIASIS (S. ERINACEI) 3. DIPLOGONOPORIASIS (D. GRANDIS) 4. SPARGANOSIS PROLIFERA 5. TAENIASIS (T. SAGINATA, T. SOLIUM, OTHER) 6. ECHINOCOCCIASIS (E. GRANULOSA, E. MULTILOCULARIS, & E. VOGELI) 7. HYMENOLEPSIS (H. NANA & H. DIMINUTA) 8. DIPYLIDIASIS CANINA 9. RAILLIETINIASIS CELEBENSIS 10. MESOCESTOIDIASIS LINEATA

HELMINTHS (contd.)
y NEMATODE 1. ASCARIASIS 2. TOXOCARARIASIS 3. ANISAKIASIS 4. ENTEROBIASIS 5. ANCYLOSTOMIASIS 6. TRICHOSTRONGYLIASIS 7. ANGIOSTRONGYLIASIS 8. STRONGYLOIDIASIS 9. THELAZIASIS

HELMINTHS (contd.)
y NEMATODE (contd.) 10. GNATHOSTOMIASIS (G. SPINIGERA, G. HISPIDA, G. DOLORESI, G. NIPPONICA, & OTHERS) 11. FILARIASIS (F. BANCROFTI, MALAYI, DIROFILARIASIS IMMITIS, ONCHOCERCIASIS VOLVULA, LOIASIS, MANSONELLIASIS PERSTANS) 12. DRACUNCULLIASIS MEDINENSIS 13. TRICHURIASIS 14. CAPILLARIASIS 15. TRICHELLIASIS 16. DIOCTOPHYMIASIS

ARTHROPOD
y ORDER COPEPODA: CYCLOPS spp., DIAPTOMUS

spp. y ORDER DECAPODA: FRESHWATER CRABS AND CRAYFISHES, JULUS sp., FONTARIA VIRGINIENSIS y ORDER PARASITIFORMES (TICKS AND GAMASID MITES): AMBLYOMMA AMERICANUM, HAEMAPHYSALIS spp., HYALOMMA spp., IXODES spp. RHIPICEPHALUS SANGUINEUS, DERMACENTOR ANDERSONI,

ARTHROPOD
y ORDER ACARIFORMES: LEPTOTROMBIDIUM y ORDER ANOPLURA: PEDICULUS HUMANUS y y y y

HUMANUS (BODY LOUSE) ORDER MALLOPHAGA (CHEWING LICE): TRICHODECTES CANIS ORDER DICTYOPTERA: PERIPLANETA AMERICANA, BLATTA, & BLATELLA spp. ORDER DERMAPTERA: ANISOLABIS ANNULIPES HEMIPTERA: TRIATOMA spp., PANSTRONGYLUS spp., RHODNIUS spp.

ARTHROPOD
y ORDER DIPTERA: ANOPHELES spp., ANOPHELES

BARBIROSTRIS, MANSONIA spp., AEDES spp., CULEX spp., PSOROPHORA spp., HAEMAGOGUS spp., CULICOIDES spp., SIMULIUM spp., PHLEBOTOMUS spp., LUTZOMYIA spp., CHRYSOPS spp., TABANUS spp., GLOSSINA spp. y ORDER SIPHONAPTERA: XENOPSYLLA CHEOPSIS, PULEX IRRITANS, CTENOCEPHALIDES CANIS, CTENOCEPHALIDES FELIS y ORDER COLEOPTERA y ORDER LEPIDOPTERA