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skkV / _ 2011

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skkV / _ 2011

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skkV / _ 2011

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skkV / _ 2011

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\V[\[ FD kB c[>\Vm, \ >z>m.
k[ z _Vs>\V k]D m^V[. s>D
m^ kV m ], , D \uD _VkBV
c\D [B x]\u kl_ [ g\
]]k B[|> k|D. k[ cD \DV| B
k|D sDAV[. kB ]> ] V|zD
lM_ V[ > u kB [ m
V| BzD s \|\ [ \V[\[ \M>zD
B kB >[\B u p\ k>l_ [
z ka V|V[. VD c\VB luE Vl_
D ]\BV cuVm[ gu k^m. >uz _
|mVV g]l_ AD zVD. k^
k [V|D \BV|D VBV kMm
V^V^? kB [V \ x>[ |> z
>[ kB ms| m ut_V\_ sV^.
VBV z\m T|z _Kl_ kB zm
> >V] mD cE kV\_ |m kD VBVz >s
\ cE[ B_AkV^. VBVz sBV] xuV_ m
zm kD V^\VV^. _m k[ VKD
k>D \VV^. mD uEBV, V kD EmD
Vm. gV_ k^ k zkVV, \t[BV >[
B AV^ [ VD > VVm. k^ >[ x
\m[ >V[ VBVl[ > V\V^. gV_ >
sB k^ Vm VzB kM k^m.
Vuk D csV m V\ k V_ kM
kl>V_, \z kD A c^>V_, kz sBV]
|\BVzD \B]_ VD tD cE k |D. m
VBVl[V_ \z c^ g> A cElV_ D.

1692) x^D, \D

]kVl_ m

k> V]_ >V]_ EkA VV wV


m >m. >V> [ \D > k wV
m. VD mV_ wV _B [ k]u.
[V \D u. [ \\ k>V>. c[MD k
uz^ [. \x^ Vm m. VV
>B wu V>m. > >V]_ V[ >V[ _VD

18

skkV / _ 2011

s wz. BV] >[ \^ >B cB]Bm. Eu. [


kD V^VF? >V]_ wV \^
[. ku_ D
[ >V[. VV ]_
V_ou.
_VD
[B
VV^,
VV|V^. VVs[
]_ V] ^
k]>m. > ^
B V. x^V
zm>. [\D ]_
V_ou. EkA VVk [
VF. wz [V_
[ [ BVV_ xD.
c[MD x^ m.
kD V VVz
VD k>m. [ \\ cz _ wz zD [
W>. cz wz [V_ [k[ >BVm. ^
l[ x D, [B x D V\V? \u
\^ > VV z >V[ k kD [
V. VV >[ k V| ^ l_
m >Vs_ VFs xB[m. gV_ >V_
xBs_. V^ __ VV, ^ B
k\V|] kV|D. > BV_ BD _B. >[
]_ Wuk z k\V\V m [ D.
^ z V\ ks_. m VV B
\V>V|> xB[m. k[ >kV cl>D, B[
_V\_ k _.
k>VD Vlu. VVD km sm. >V]_
kVk> i\V VFsm. zD, tzD >
s_. \wD FBs_. EkA VV kV mkBm.
Vm E E| zs^ V] ^z^ >[ zV_
V]s| m Vk> V>m. zD zs^ Am[
>. ]Au EkA VV, [ \> m. >
zs^ [ F[? [ \D sD V|>m. E|
zs^ V] ^ l_ m z> cE
V^[. k^ VmD Vm ^z ko |V>V? [
VV m. [ \D ]_ V[m. > clD m[Akm ^

skkV / _ 2011

19

z Vm. VV sBV_ s>m. ^


l_ > >V? [ \D V[m. g\VD. czD
z> k|\V? ^ lD | VV_ zs
JD czD > kzD. EkA VVz
k\V\V >m. x[A >V[ EB B_VD Wm
Vm. El_ VV D > m. ^ D
[A[ D\]>m. zs^ _ > W VV l[
kz VFE. >l[ ]: k>Vu> Vm
BVD zm \] Vm.

]kVl_ m

1693) >V_sB | mkV>

\_ VV[ c][ >E> m


sBV| T gkV. k k> ^. [B
sBV| kVl_ [>VlD >k^ V[ l_
>V xBuE Fm >Vu VF [. 26 >k^
sBV[ xk y\VMzD m T [MD D
V|>V^. V[ > l_ VV\_ [ T
\Vu]uz c^V[. [ kVl_ ]D]D >k
V[ >Vu Vl[. >Vu]V_ >V[ [V_ ku
x>m.

1694) [_ > D

]kVl_ m

s \ V
B]_ E
_
um. sA
k>m. c^

k V ,

V^^. Em D am [V sA >V>m.
Vm s\VD >>k[ g|D. >V_ V^ zV,
zVV kw \VVD. >V_V_ BV| m
c V^^. B^ Bm VV^. s\V

20

skkV / _ 2011

sV V. > B]_ c kw \VVm.


s\VD >>k[ g Vm. ][ \wD, ABKD k>.
B][ {B >V { m. t[_ >>m.
Em ]_ > s\VD o_ # B \B
V[ >>>m. D > s\VD \ >m. |>
D w sm s|k> V cBD z>m. sV >[
>D, m[>D klV. s\V B^ Bm
VV^. kxuV^. AB_ \wl_ Azm A| T| VF
kV\V []_ >D. gV_ zw> zV \|D
Bk _. k^ >[ V_ \m l_ cVm
V| >B m V>V^. kB
E[E c]_ \]D, zD >V[ Ws. k^
J|kV^. ]V^. V |kV^. \m km V^kV^.
gV_ kBV, B\V kz BVm. s\VD \
>VKD, w sVKD c[ zD B^ kV^.
gV_ zVBV BV\_ \][ >V^. BV
s\VD VF >m. B^ m, m V|
s\V]_ m {V^. sV z VB
Vm B\ _BV [ V. z V ]_ V[V^.
[B V >V[ s\V {. k [ ^ T|z
wm V| VF s|kV. >V_ z B\ _.

V>VkVt ] Bm

1695) Vk sB V^ D\_^

V]_ V
[ VVD, [
VVD

mm
msVl. gV_ \^
k sk _. >^
m> ms^ tz>
ABkV[V V^.
kD VF zw> kD
VD. D, V VD. A
VD. kD VD [ V\
\^ ms >V m
>V> Fm V
>. ms^ VD
>sB s| g[* kal_
Az>VKD V\ \^ D\ sV\_ >V m m[AmV.

skkV / _ 2011

21

> s| { VF >Vs_ kVkm >V[ _m. k^


kD > ][ Vl_ > zBk[ zl_ VF
>V^. ]BVD F>V^. VD k BVD |
V^k _. kV_ \]BV ]BVD FB x>m.
gV_ \_ol[ \> > VD>V[ \m k
xD? ssB > AB A[ A zD s
sm. Dm \^ zBk[ zl_ zD AM>
ms \D >V> >VV^. >
\[zD >k_ Vlu. \[ V[V. \]B AM>
ms VF ]VD. k^ V_ c^ \^
_V\ c s| sV^. \[D, \]D
kl[ zBk[ z D >V^. k
Vm D m VV^. k^ zl_ km
k>uz^ >Vm kV| m Vm.
kB > {B VmD, D
>Dx^ m EV^. VD w> >M\BD, \]BD
]D km? BVkm > V s
k|D [ kD E VV^. >uz^ \[D,
\D zz x[V_ cVm VV^. msB kD
kB km g[* c>D >k>uV k^
Vm V>V^. VmD, D >BVV zB
s| kB k>V^. k^ _ Vo \
>m. V V. [z | V[
Vk[.
]_ V[V. {V, m>V[ c^ ]\V?
cz W|[. u ^ |
V^. > tVF _VkuD ][ ym
s^. z [\ s_. Wt]uz^
skD kV| k V mk s. \[
kAuV. k^ [ ms^! cV VF V_
V|V. _VD kV^. k s| s
_kVD.
kV V_os| \[D klD, VTD,
Vm\D > > s| [V^. VmD,
D WD\]BV J sV^. z [
V_kVD. V sBVlu. Vm \][ kV
] FkVD.

22

skkV / _ 2011

1696) >>m V_ V V^Vy^


]kV ]> kB >[ [ Vo>>
am sDV. D gz V>> V|m
> \][ D [k[ m^ [ V[V. ^
kVkD x BV 50 *, 20 * [
]V^. E > [ VuV >V^. ]kV
]> kB s>V. BV ]B ]KD l_. ^
V^. BV ]_ [? ]kV ]_ V[V. z
>BVm [m >V[ BV ]_.

1697) c\BV, c> zV?


l_ [ EzV[ E c [
guV[. zV> Vm [ >m [ V[.
zV> ]_ ^s V. Bm c\ [V_ k
cm >D V kB >k [? z zV> D
|m>V. ]B> m Fm VmVk[
V_ ]BD i|km ]D. ][ >Vz>V_ ]BD
i|km z.

.. kVkVM Bm

1698) BV Vm V^V^

>VN [k \[[ kl_ cB ]VBV


BVu k>V. k \]_ _k>D, ]V>D mm
s| k >|D g >m. kB_VD [ V>l_
_^. [ g\Vz sz^. [ V|D
o^! ku cm >D V[ m k|D.
kV k >z >V V_o V^kV. gV_ k mkV
m [V_ >m. ]V>D, V>D mm sV_
cz ]D ]D BV c |kV^? kVkVF?
V^ >VN >[ ckl_ cVm V|
V>V. z Ow>m. >VN V m
|m >MD TEV. > kVl_ s V| B
s| kB Vlu. Em D > ]D k>m. D
V_ >VN V>m. >VN [V V m TE
>V. >D kVl_ s V| kB Vlu.
g, >k^ >.

skkV / _ 2011

23

>VNz sBV >m. > V m|


V| Vm? l[ [V_ VF k V>V.
|> l_ >BV> z| z >V[ >
V m| V| VF V|m V>m.
>VN[ >V\V z_ V|>m. >VN! > z|
z c |k BV? k c[D Vm V^
\VVV? \>V > ]_ >VN c mm kM[
BV_ ms gV.

1699) \z >]D

.. kVkVM Bm

BV \]B w[ \>V >_ ] gkV. \M>


kVu_ Au EB >BV k VV|kV^.
k 717_ m, 84 g|^ kVm 801_ m VV. k\
tz> z|D]_ BV V[Vkm zw>. E kB]_ >VB w>V.
D D km z|D] m VV^.
Et BVk BVV ] V| VF \BV g
mz su sV^. \V EtB t \V\V
]V, V|\|]V. k t ]D. V^ xkmD
E\| cw k|D. c c D V\_
k F> V^ c|. gV_ VmD k^ kB
V|kV^. k^ >BD k >E D sD Vm.
s_ sam m V> FkV^, ]BVD AkV^.
V^ kB \V s_ D am T|
]DV. BV kE> EB l_ m xbxbA {
m. \V >D VV. ^s_ \ BV[
E VV^?
[_ kaBV \V V>V. kB
gB]uz _B _. BV V> Fm
V>V^. k V m >m. J
xw>V| k^ V> F>V^. kV [
\Vz ^ AkVBV.
> \V B _V\_ BVk ]V.
k V| >V. VuV_ V_ xBV>
V|\|]V. gV_ BVkV kz ^ k
V> Fm V>V^. kV! [B \Vz

24

skkV / _ 2011

^AkVBV! kD V|kVBV! kB zuD


z \[MVBV! k _k aA[ s|D.
kV kz ^Am c[ ]kB k k
V|kVBV. c[ [A >B> k k ^AkVBV!
> V>B |, \V ]E >V.
>[B z k ]DV. kV_ #k xBs_.
k V_o VV. V[ B VkD Fm s[. BV
V>V \ _. k ^ gk]m V. k^
kM[ xMk^ ]. k VF [ T_
kVBV km V!
\V^ V \V BVs[ z k>V. k^
Vo_ s>V. { k! xMk! [ \[M^. c
V[ BVD |V^s_. D VkD V[ Fm
s[. m V[ F> mVD gzD. [ TB >
zD c V[ E | V^[. \BV
_. k s]V. cz s FD VB>
z V|V? [V \V.

F]^
#mz \VkD A]BDA#_ ]D,
s \mk\, \V D, ku[
[V \z[ ^l_ xVD [
]u. ] >V^ Vt, k^Vt,
\z gBV xV\ ]. ^ >VV
]\] Vk, \V ]. \V[, xVxz
uV|D c>sD Fm kV]. 180 Vm
VBV^ V]| 28 k Ez
_ wm _. >k_ . Vt,
>t_s. >V[ xVD [ gkV
]l_ um. gEB >V t, V
\ VV >V_, \VsBV ^ >VV
kK, c^j [ V\BD gBV
]. Vm VBV^ 29 . uV|D, >kKD
]. \z, k^Vt, Vt.

skkV / _ 2011

25

kDz[V kE

V|^
V> V_ V|^ |k\V am k[. g|
[z 13 D V|^ a[. m VD
AV^km V_ | z ] sm gzD. >Va_z
\D m >V km. *k^ |\D V\_
m[AV^. k^ FB \D m _.
V^^ FB _ k \^ |km _.
>Va_^ FD \^ uk w^. k^ V| [D
m[\B\V gm.
\>Va_^, ^, ^ gBk \l
\D kB kV BD gmz c^V
s. V|^ >V[ D\[ T|^, ^, kVD w_^ gzD.
V|^ aD Vm k^ x_ >V|V^. V|
k V>V| WB > Fm. s kuD,
>V_sD >>V m. u V| cB k
\x^ V|^, , Ro V[k c\l_ \l
>V. ku V|^ [ wVm. VD sDAD
_Kl V|^ km _. kuV_ V>
>VauVzD, >VauVzD \|D >V[
[\ m. \l \z kVsD V|V_
BVm.

Ro \]V_
\[
Obl
m^
w|[.
EB >Vk^
m V[.
26

skkV / _ 2011

JV| kA ]D >V]_ skVl k>m.


gV_ VD _ _ sz D k>m. ] l[
zE^ skVlz V\V |A >. WD _V>
oD ku m |A >. > k] W[ Vm.
Ro [m u V| V| gzD. > Aw_
Q^ kV^. \>V_ \[ Oblm^
]|[. E[E[ ^ m V[. kBV
^, A>^, A_ k^ gBku Ro \D k sVm.
E[ V| kA ]>V_ WD _V> o
>VaVz k m. Vl_ m V
k o >VaV^ k kV^.
D EBD V[ s_ J[_ z VV
k|D [m. gV_ >uVm 12 >s>D >V[ V| m.
BuBV V|^ ak> >|m Wmk]_ VD
ku m m. 1980_ V> V_ nm VB nD>V
D Bu V|^ >. 1990_ nm VB
] D V|^ > w>.
V> V|^ _Kl _ E_ VD, \EBV
VD >k. \M>[ AV> #B V| VVuV_ >V[
_Kl A VVu|D.
\>VD kzD >MBV Wk^ B s_
xBuE F>. V| W]uz kB >z \D k k
xB[. gV_ x>| F> \M>[ D 2500 V VF
i\Vm >V[ B[. >z \^ ks_. V| kzD
]]_ \^ D wm, > B]u D [
u| sm.
c^j \ k WkV]_ ~||>V\_ >Vu
VVD. >V_ ]^, V^V^, ]| \D k|kV,
> >_V^, BV V[ >>D ]|kV >
> m VV^.
k_ VF^ D s_ k>. gV_
[D VV^ sa>ws_. glV
V\^ mV[ VBV_ m Vl. k sQV
gVFE kD >k.

skkV / _ 2011

27

V> V|^: 1995_ V> V_ VB 65 D


V| >V z Vm. c\l_ > V|^ g
VB 33 D >V[. ]_ FB V|^ V[z
VB 17 D , VmV V|^ | VB 23
D . k|>V> V|^ VB 25 D
. V> V_ mAW V|^ nm D
>V m. z V|^ 57 ]
>VlD [m. D V_ 25 \Vk_
V| BVm.

c^j \ k
VmV_ ~||>
>kB>V_ ]D,
>_VD,
V^
]D >
> m
V.
V| W> VD wVD? skVBD, ]
]^, >VauV^, B^, t[VD |m _KD
ka^, V^, V|km kuV_ V| WD V\Vm. 1980D
g|z x[ 43 D W> s>]_ w>VD.
sam V| V VzD Vm. 1980_ m
94z^ J[ D V|^ >V[ a>. (aD kD
z>m)
V> V_ V|_ m zD B[ V^^
1) J_, 2) Ro >D, 3) _ k^, 4) V k^,
5) V [D Vm k^, 6) J_ Vm E[ V[k,
7) >V [D ku Vz[ m c|D VB Vm,
8) z, 9) KtD A_ F, 10) K F,
11) _oVF, 12) k xm, 13) \u F sm^, 14) _\V
VV [D F, 15) [ \m E[^, 16) VE[, 17) V
\][ F, 18) V \m s>^, 19) > F,
20) >| [D uD ^, 21) VB^, 22) [[,
23) >V sD, c c>D >Vk V^^. 1993D g|
V|_ m VlD V VF \]A^ V^^ >.
szD, \xD gVlD V VFz >. \u V^^ 1600
V VF.

28

skkV / _ 2011

s zD V> >D: D V_ g| [z 18 V [
\ szz B[|mVD. [D z
>Va_^ V [D, z^ V[z V
[D sV B[|m[. c s|]^ V [
s [. \V>D 25 VB 50 D [ s
VD VD. >>s \^ [D WB
>k|[. T| , V\V[^ V| _KD ^ FB,
\, VuVo, skVB s^ kuz gV [ \
k|D. >VauV_ V> \ FB, FB
VB 30 D [ \^ >k|[. s>D x
\^ VB 30 D [ >k|m.
kD z[V kE F]

t_o[
\> kV_ c[ cBxD zD
\> k V^
VuVo Fk>uz.
V[ VuVo kV[
[ cBD g zD
VuVol_ V[ \>[
Vm [ cBD V | zD
\> k
[ zBV sV!

F]^
> swV^ z\ \VkD \V| slKD,
>[>V\z]KD, Ds, _TB[s,
k^V[s, \V| V\]KD >\V>V VsoKD,
z>V slKD, kz B[zalKD, ,
VV slKD, >VV| BD\[ VsoKD
u. k_[z\V[ s, B[za, Vs gB
V^KD > ]BVB^ {mD swV, EA,
, > {m>_, V> sMBVD ku[ wzD, ]D
V V^ gEBV_ VVm. \^
][ m V| > {].

skkV / _ 2011

29

_ z|DD _wD

z|D kVz D
V|m ?
x >VF

1) x[: 1994D g| m z|D g| gzD. ]_


V\V x>VB][ >B]_ szD z|D> VB
\V \Vu k|\[ m. nB V|^ ][
_k ^, \VV|^, sA^, E m
kl. 1) >M \M>z z|DD km V^D c\
k|D. 2) z|D]uz^ >M \M>z c\D, VAD
c|. uwo_ z|D][ VAD, \D kB
k|D. kB g>V m^ gzD.
2) >M \M>D, z|DxD: zw> >D uV[ m
BuBV c\ gzD. >uz x>VBD ka VVD. W]
c>kVD. _ zw> V >VD. z *
z|D]_ z| zw>BB z|D]_ m m
sVm. kBm k>k^ ]\D Fm V^D, z|D>
ckVD, c\ c|. kB>Vk kB zw>^
VmV k|D. >B c\ x]Bkz c|.

3) z|D]uz^ >M\M>[ c\D, \D:


z|D c_ BuBV \M>Bx^ [z kMzD
uz^ \m^. >m c\, \BV> c\,
B> VVuV^D c\, \mkD, u>V
[\, >]D, z|D kVz^ Eku >>|m
V^D c\, x>VB VmVA gBk z|D]uz^ zD
>M[ c\^ gzD.

4) x>VB]_ z|D][ c\D, VAD:


1) Z]BV, \Va Z]BV, \ Z]BV, EB_ Z]BV \mkD
k|D. 2) BuB VVuD Vu k|D.
3) \>]_ m s|> D c\ k|D.
4) gVB\V uA]_ z c\ k|D. 5) k
FD c\, OkV VmVA, >]uz m kD ks]A
xl_ c\^, \^, z|D]uz k|D. 6) >k_ D
c\, x>VB VmVA, _V> DD
kuV c\D, \D z|D]uz c|.

skkV / _ 2011

31

5) z|D kVV BV \V km
V^>_: > FB z|D][ k WBVB\V xl_
z V| V| k|D. z|D VA,
\ _VD m V^ k|D. >>|zD
c\ k|D. x |]_ >]D k|D. ,
y]_ \]BV x^ k|D. k>E,
zw> m[Am>_, ^ *>V k[x, >V \D,
z|D> s| {s|>_, uV[ V]_ z c\
ku_ BV \Vz k|D.

6) z|D> k|mD _s: z|D]z B


kV>^ gk\V k|D. z|D k_
AD, AD Vu VmVk|D.

7) kBm x]EV _s: >M\M>z _s m cB


kB]_ VuzD FBk|D. ]\]_ >[ B
>>|m V^>_, WB>V>D, ]\]KD \VtBV,
\V\V[ m Vk]KD, zw> k]_ x |]KD,
zw> k]KD, E zw>[ V| Vk]KD,
s k] \V]KD, Q^, |kB],
x]Bk^, Vk^ k^ kVkD
VVuk]KD z|D] kVkzD _s luE
k|D. z|D _s [> kB>V, kB>V \VkD >k,
z|D\ kw luE m >V[.

8) D][ [z w z|D]uz J|km


? 1) z|D ]^ 2) OkV _s, 3) k\V>
z>_, 4) k V|>_ 5) T| k], 6) _s, 7) gVBD,
8) J D, 9) zw> kA, 10) x>VB VmVA, 11) VBm
gE gBku J WBVB|]V_ >V[ z|DD aV
zD.

9) >uV kax^ BVk? 1) kVVo, >VVE,


] JD luE >k_ V|>_, 2) VV ^,
>m, VD\VD, 3) _s^, _^, A^,
>V| Wk^, x>VB \B^, 4) x>VB skV
]^, 5) aBD, >V| Wk>D
|> luE V|m z|D][ \DV|z c>kVD. 6)
>uVm zD ]^ ]KD, z|DD [ \[
xBmk> ]VD.
32

skkV / _ 2011

pV\kt EA |

uz kE

V\ k;
\D [!
VV

[ \z V[ F> tB kBV
V\VB>D, \VV>>D >>>B V[
m[. > V]_ VD WB k F>[. {D
kB]_ z ]] >m. V[ s> V>>
> _^ z|[. D xMk^ D [AzB Vm
\V| D\[ \ValB k>uz V[ c>s F>[.
\[ \> cBmk>uz z]l[ mD, Vl[ VD,
]]l[ k\VD, >l[ D gB m[ \V
B[|] V[. > ]_ \z [ >k? \zD
D \[ zD, l kV> >V k|D.
Vm >V[ D ]VD c]BV ]kV][ *m |D.
\[ *m _.
V\VBD kVV, kV >\V _. m Nm
AV[ z]. VD B VV, zo, *,
V, BD, _, co V[k[ kV
kVu V\_ kVBBV, V>BV
Am V^ xBVm. >V V\D, >, >[, \[,
Vk[, zD[, \V[ gBV >m V^V\_
Nm >\> D\V_ Am V^ xBVm. AV >^
kVD [ VD m >^ xBVm. >mk QVD \|D V>Vm.
z, kaV| \|D V>Vm, AV^ \|D V>Vm. >V[\BV
\>^ _VkuKD > J[ wD V|D. >
J[D Am V| VVu |m V[V_ aB
z \M> ][ g[* \V D\V_ Am V^
xBVm.
VV V> V| gzD, zD,
zw>zD V\VBD kD > _. >D V> kVl[
Dk s V\VB]_ ] ]B^, >xD >V
\^ u[. , V^, B l_ kkm V V>
\[ \VxD, V|D V\VB][ >FT cuV]
cE kkB.

34

skkV / _ 2011

AV > [m \>][ xBV> z] gzD. m


w][ >VKD, DAD w][ VuD, kBD
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>k|D. cV Vk k kkxD t >k gzD.
\B> am >[ Vu Vo_ m VD km s
xBVm. m B[>Vm. VD W]Vm. AV
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\>V V|D >[B g[* _o[ *m Wm Wu
xD. \z cl^ cuV> V|m kaV xD.
Dx \ V]D, \VWD, \VaD m
V_ >V[VKD V\VBxD, \VV>xD VV D
\ [V V[. > c\B VD
VmD \m sVm. ([zA: VV ] V]B sBV k[
kl V\VBD o[ 33km ][ x[l_ m)

V|> \|\ >k


gD : Wk]>V zV
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^ Wko t [V mS^.
> z cz BV mkV^? k >uz x[A
cV _ F]B [ mkm >V[ _m
[ VV_lD oBVF E[. k Ems| ^ z
m[ ]>V. _ VV_, ^ [V
mk>V_ cz x[ [ s g|[. k D
kzD m mkm _m [. k [
S^. m\V] Vm [V. m[ cBV_
xum. gV_ VD >V>m. [ (12, D 2010, VV_
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#|k> [V_ >| Bs_. V > 1982D
kD VV_ kV] >VV skV> ]]_
>[ m VV. VmkV B k[ ]_
zV k] u V ]D k|km|,
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]]uz VD >V[m. Vm
> m B kD (kz x[V
]]_ m [ V[kD m) >VF
V_ k kMm VV. kV] kV >[
>V[ m V V]KD >[ s 20om 30 kB]uz

skkV / _ 2011

35

zkV k VKD, VD, skVD k


A>V. V>V\V k |>k \_ V>V
] ckV xD [>uz VV_ c>VD. tD
\, , |>kz c>k >BVV zD >[\
gBku zV Vk. >s> VAD _Vm,
|>k kD gu_V V|>_, Vk[\ _m
V\]BD V[ mD _V> V]KD, >m B \>V_,
MB kV>V_, |>kz |szD >[\BV_, \uk^
>[ \]>V| \|D _V\_ >[
s\D FBD |mk>[ V\V kxD
kz A >m. >[ u kVsM_
s]BV> ckVV [m >V[ k[ c\BV \]A
V_|m. > kl_ 1982o> VV_
skV> ]mz s\]u A [ >V[
V_ k|D. BVVkm kz >m \W l_V>
_ k^ VV_lD _VD. E B m
V _m KVF k[ skV>D F>V >m
\WB |] V^VD. BVVkm Eku c
gV_ >uzB ka VV_ >V[. >^, |,
V[ x>_ ]_ >D ]>D FB k|\VV_
VV_ k > k FB z k|D.
|z >kBV zV _m \uVV V A>D
>kV_ >uz VV_>V[ BV y. m V>
\Az >D ] ckV k|\VV_, m
D> zA gm m, x>_ ] ckV
x\[V_ m VV_BV_ \|\ BKD. E[E[
sB_ \BV c>s\V >V_ k >^ k
xBV> V \VV. k ]\V wm sVD.
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ckVzD. cV V[ > kVzkm? E V
V| km^[. cz >\V kVwVF
k>_BV _m tVBBV sDAS^ [
>VVk sD km V. >B {F]B> [
ka[S^ E _ V^ kw\V km|.
>uz k V]D m ] {F]BD kVzk>uz
Vb[. V[ k Fm VzD Vm >
> s_. ] > km [ FB V[
[ >V\[ \V.

36

skkV / _ 2011

[l[ gE
>D, clmD km V^^ p \V>V
t>V>\X 01/12/2009 [ skV> [ [V|
\B> Am_ol_ mk km guB c
(\BV]_ m g kaBV >twVD FBm)
k>V>D [m \>> uB V>][ Vkl[
_ gzD. m >D c^B >D gzD. _V
\>D EB> V _KD V>V k>V>D
Vm. kVt skV> x[ \Va>V. T sQVD
k >V[ x[VKD , k>V>D V_KD ]B^
c]BV WuzD. > kVD \VzD. El_ cVsB
kV s]BV ck|zD.
kM[ [ B_ _s> >[\ Vm
gzD. >kV \B]VV, >mk]VV
s V_o s xBVm. > z D EVm.
\z \] >k, ]] k|D [V_, x[ sD
[V_ cD u\[ k> Am V^
Fk>uz VD ] s_ cw k|D. > D,
\D >V[ V> >\][ VD gzD. m
>D u V^km gzD.
D\V D xk>D Ai\V VV.
kV \ >D >> zm. \ >w
E^ >V V F>V_ m \u >D V]zD. x
\[ wzD | s|D. D kVk[ VA [k[V_
> \ VmVm k>|> gzD. gk c[ >^
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VV. k >\V [. |V|D, zD
V|[. V> VKD >V_ k|\[ D\V
g|V. V^ [D [V >V_

skkV / _ 2011

37

sm VD >sm s xD. VxD >V[ #F\l[


>> >V_ V^ VF >s xD. \u
VF >smD m gzD. VxD >V[ k FD
w VV_ V>][ kED, x[uxD ]
k]_ azD. mV \uz V|D, V>][ \]uzB
uA c^kV V^VD. zV V>][ g[*
QVD.
c\B V> z\^ kVkD Ws_
km V^k|D. DxB VDBD um gzD.
DxB WV][ *m VFkm m >\V? DxB
>V D, B_D \z^ u|] zD
]^ >V[. DV^ >V[. VD [MB V|_ m
_ku u V^ k|D. >]_ DxB
>]lKD, g[* VKD VD c][ kV| Wu
k|D. pV\ kD VzD Vm BV] E[ _z
k>V. \ |m, u >VD, > V[V|D
uk kVMKD M E>mk [ V.
\ nB V|_ x>_ u BD Fm s|
kVt skV> [z k>V. Vm k \_
sm A| [ EV [ V_|m.
V|z [ k>VKD, [B >VB V[ [ V[
Vk xBs_. k nm ] s|]l_ >BVmD,
gD |l_ k |ms_. V>l_ |m
k E] V> V_ M zD w Wm
VV. >B >VFV| uD, V_ \BV>D
\_VD c>V\V ]wk|D zV Qz
D\ u >VF uD E
\VuV>Vl[ VB> s
kBVm [> VD \m
sVm. V> V[
D _k VD,
V kVs_ sxD m
][ V> V]_
kVt skV> x>
zm[ D x[ >V[V.
> x>D Dl_
m
k
um.
V>V_ >V[ kVt skV> z>V ]_ V>
VKD cD xk]KD >B D B V] x>m.

38

skkV / _ 2011

kVt skV>[ Vu^ \M>z]uz Jk_k.


>[D k_k. >V_ \M>zD \B\ V[
>D ]V^ xD. ] ] xD.
mB Vk >V xD. kVt m[>D,
i>D tB gV[V u VV. k
kVB s\V s Dl[ J
V> \z D B Vu. k zx[
m [V_ c E_ uu x>
]V^>_ [ VV >m. kVt skV>
ys u[\[ k [ \\BD >V.
> k [[ M\BD, kaV[ \>D
BV V>VzD.

VD B sBD

F]

1) sQVM^ D V_kal_ \|D 5,000 V ^ >V


|^.
2) nDm V [ >kW, ] |D [, ]
zD [ [. ku_ cl^ kVw xD.
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WkD [ B |]m. m
zm \]A>V[.
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c^V.
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^ [; 200 s*[_ [z cl^ kVwk_
^ VD [ z V[.
6) D, ]D, clkVw >z]BVku[
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s*[^, ^ uB D zkV>.
7) g|V, sQVM^ 10,000 V s*[^ ]_
>V >. 2010_ B_ _w
sQVM^ 20,000 V s*[^ VD [ [.
8) VD VzD z^ (30,000 V s*[^ [>_VD
D L uB z>V[. [ \V>D 10,000 V
L^ [.

skkV / _ 2011

39

] Wk
\V. Vl[ AM>
kV kV
V

gD : Wk]>V zV
>t: V. >kVt
wV \D ]D k >Vzm: A>
kX| mlKD V \V\V ]^ yl>V.
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mkBm.
skV>
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V skV>
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p E \V^ D\kV][
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gDm. ] kVtl[ c>sBV_ kl|
k>m. gV_, > [V_ >Vm > xBV\_
Vlu. V > *|D kl sDV. >kBV

40

skkV / _ 2011

] V]
kz [ > k >VV. ]
V]
[ ] \V> >D >Vm. kV _ kl|D
k >VBm.
gV >VV V VmkV | >V
VuVa W]V. [ skV> V WkVBD
uBm. Vkm kB g[\ V>l[ VkBV|
F>V_ kV m V> gm [ V^ uBm. [A >
| >V VuVaD A> ks_ xB > V g
skV> V \\VB_ V_ V, vV>V g
vT [ >_ kl. >V]_ luE
V>\
kz[Vm ][ V>\
V>\ xBV V| k>m.
gV_ k kwz \VW[ WB ]_ V|
V>\
k V>\
V>\ k|\[ sDV. >[ ] ..
kz 03.04.1975 [ >D ]V. VLV_
D>]_ V V>B gDm sD>m gzD.
m >uV>B V k]om k>V k|D.
>uV>B V V> >VD, B
V>VD m. >uz ]V 12 kz tV\_
EB V u V[ BVEm V[. >VFV
AmD, \k\V V>BV|D m k|D. V>
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B >kVD > V> k k|D. k>
\V>> V V>> ka|D > V_KD c>V
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[ Bu x^ [ V[ WB\V DA[.
>[ B ka|D V> [BD
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D, ]D ka|k^.
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k W V][ Vm >>|| [MBVz\lKD \u
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luEBV^ >B nm k luEB x>mD, V
kz y kwzD swVz uV| F>V. ]][
zkV {DV][ x[Ml_ gV >V^ \]^
u. 1978_ x>_ gV >V^
zsz y kwzD swVsuz [ ]][ _V
\BKD ] V> xD FBm.

skkV / _ 2011

41

1979 D_ V_ >E_ c^ skV>


] sBVBVs[ m \VkV \D [
uV| FBm. V > WEl_ m VV. >
skV> ] sBVBVs[ V_ > E[EV^
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kaV|>_ ] V. > WEl_ [ ViV
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[A VV ]V>. gV_ k gEBz
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V\Vo^, kB B_V z[ VD
V\m k k|D. Ek Et^ V[ \V
Fkm | sszD luEBVzD; kV]_ kV
FBV]z\V k V.
^ x>_k[ ]_ kVkD kV
skV> ] sBVBV ^^ [z u k[.
kV c^j \^ ku u \EBV c^. kV
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Bku EmD | V> [ V. ^
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[ Wwk|\[ ]VS^? ^^ [z u
k[. ]_ [ EA>[\ c^m? ^ ^. \m
^V_ u^ k ^^ x[uD m^kV,
z^ x>VBD >B VDB][ *m V|^ D
kKkm^>V? ]][ B_V|^ x>VB]_
>V> ckV k|\[D m kD [z
WkV|D B_VV \|D >V_ V>Vm [ V
]V>V.
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V[ z]z . >V_ Vl[
\z ]>m. V[ z]om >[
BE>B \m V| kD VB>Vz luE
k|D. gV_ m\|D Vm\V>_. >Vm
kz kaV|km, km E>B >V][V_
]Akm \V BVzD. >uz |>_ V kVD
>km.

42

skkV / _ 2011

V >[>MBV luElKD, [V ]|k]KD


\B gD]KD, \KD m D>\V m
>kKD kD K> kB]>m. ]D Wk|D
x[ V WkVB BVKD V V_ c^ tD
xB xV| ]B V, c]BV kV>VKD
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]VA t ]\Vl>m. kB z]_
gDk|D [ kuA>_^ V\V >.
gBV_ t k\V sk>m. c\l_ c>s.
gV_ Vm>V[ ]][ VbD ][ skB >VBm.
z > c^kVzk>uz D zD. \KD ]]_
m V D >Vz >V B_x
kD A]>V >m.
Vz [ _m | kt g...
V ] V D D >m. k ].
\V , ]. >[ \uD ]. BVVBV
gBV >>|>>V >m. mu ]D >s>V.
gV_ D m_ kEBm k>>V_ B_Vk >[
WB >kV. \KD k W V]_
> [V_, g... > z kBD
k cB s|s BV> Wl_ >m. VB
[z ]> g... kD V]_ \V
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kVD >km. V\ kE xB m>|> BVm.
V ]][ VB>z >Vm luE m
k>V. ] BD >Vm s|] k>V. 1971_ u
\VAz[ Vz *|D 1973 \uD 1976_ \VA
um. gV_ V[ \] >m\ *|D k
l_ tys\V B_V.

F]
p V [ > kV kVu
_ A> ks_ skV> ] V[
, 5, EVV >, [ 600 005
[ xkl_ kl|^m. s . 70/-

skkV / _ 2011

43

13/10/2011, V> Wk]> k >>[


uV| o

V> Wk]>
]\] s. V AiD
\B kVs_ \V> y\VF
[\V>Vs[
cl^
kkV ]D
cBkB
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cBk>uz BV kaBVzD. J
k]>V_ \m >VF\V^
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VxD, mz[ VkxD, \[\D [AD, xD |
k^ sBm VV^. >B \ kVF> V> ^
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T| zw> BV ]uz ^z Ak]_.
k k^ >VF\Vz x>o_ _sB A sDV^. >[
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uV| F>V^. kVo_ V> \VVD kD
k>m. V>s Ez s VD FB|, Wk>D
>m. \Vs^ V_^ VV, k]>

44

skkV / _ 2011

uV^ kD m V gD>. Wk]> >[


cl_ D V>V| TV[ V|. >D, Vs]D,
c\D, V>VD, [u kV> c[> zV^
V^. >B kV xB ^ kVm V,
c^ zw>zD V] k|D. _BVVF, tVF
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>V Am V^^. >B T \ VD
ckV k|D. ^ ]D, _sD c^ >VF\V^ kV[
T_ EV VVk|D. Vm>V[ D VV][
\\ \m zw>D Am V^kV^ [ V^.
V>sz EA D, yVV>D u. kD
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c. \E[ su [. k EV .
D T_ FB \VVD. DxB V \z
k wV |m V^. D >zw> Wk]>V
^l_ VD uV| FB k|D, [ >VF\V^
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V^ Wk]> [ >D ^B u E
Vl_, D ^z WB \Vs^ Vm
kV^. z k^ >VF\ValB VD A k|D.
k gEB l_ \> k|D [ V^.
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kz ]\D uVVmD k^ lom ssV^.
kV E^ l_ mD, ss_ ]\ uV|
k>V_ lom szkm\VF >. yV>s [
[ Wk]>V ^l_ V|m VV^. >[
]_ D z]B k^ ^ l_ sV^. s>k
gEB l_ \], k^ kVB,
B^>V Wk]> \VuV^. Wk]> >[ kzA
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kz_ VD mDVm \VV [V \Vs m
z]m V kz_ zD Vz D>V
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m V \uk >V> FBV\_ kMzD
V^. \VV >V^. \VV >[ w> \VuV^Dk
Wk]> k V|>s_. V^ \V T_

skkV / _ 2011

45

D z [> Wk]> \VVk ]>V^.


\VVk >[ _ kD wm >[ _ [A[ \]
VV^. \VVs[ BD VB VFsm. Wk]>l[
[u >[ D\VsD V_o k^ \>V^.
Wk]> >[ c\BV [V_ \Vs[ c^]_ _s
B uV^.
Wk]> >[ EB B \Vs^ F> sBV|
VD\VKD, k> {sBVKD, D>D ]B
{VKD, m wz k]>V^. >[ l_
>[ ] kD B \M>D ku V k^
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kzl_ > \m ] DkD u
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k^ skm , V> >Vl[ A>_s, ^ VA]
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kV [D {]_ ^ D\ kamkV. kVl_
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sD m k>V^. Vs[ _ k^
k>mD, V z V, V z^
>V\V z]m sBV|k> V^. >[ k mD
z >Vs >[ >Vl[ \l_ VmVV \k> V^.

46

skkV / _ 2011

\zD D V>>VF V^. \z m[D DVm.


D >Vl[ \l_, AzkVD. k^ D\ VV^ [ Wk]>
V^.
V^ Wk]> >[ \Vs >V_V^ gVFE
QV E[^ c^ VEBmz wm [V^.
z E Vl_ _k| VD [ >m. Vl[
_ \m V> F>V_ g^ Wk\VD. V
VB_ \m V> FkVVD. >[ \Vs
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k|D [ gB k V> FB Wk]>
V^. \]uz Wk]> >[ \Vs wm [,
[ V>V >sB >E Fm [l[ gE
k^ D F>V^. kVt skV>[ kV
kVuD, c>D \Vsz |m
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V_ V kxBs_. k^ ^z
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m k>V^. > kB]_ k^ ^z _k>
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V k^ >suz^ kxBVm. VV k^ >s_ m
km Vs_ ^z kk|D. E\BD k^ m
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V kV>>V_ VVk k^ \V\V ^z s_.
Wk]> VV _sB u ^z gEBBV
kk|D. VVs[ kVs_ \Vu> u|> k|D [
sDV^. Wk]> k^ Tuz [ k^ \V\Vk

skkV / _ 2011

47

]>V^. s>k V VV >s_ m [


^z _k> V[ sDs_ [ \V\V Wk]>lD
V. Wk]> kD c^ T| ^ z>uz
z _V^. gV_ ^z V>V?
VVs[ kVB _s V|m \ F^ [
V^. Wk]>l[ B\u [A \V\Vs[ \> \VuBm.
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F]

V[ F> V>D,
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2) D V[ _k kD [. k z
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4) V[ D m [. kV [x[
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5) V[ D K [! k z
kVFA V.
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>kBVm _VD z m sm.
(D. >D)

48

skkV / _ 2011

2009 2010V gEBV | Vl_


x>_ u gD, g JD ]\] . VE,

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]\] . _kV,

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\VV| u|mD E VEVk: 1) c > kW


\VV|, 2) mD \M> c_D, 3) >F[ {V[ |z,
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sWVz>_ x>oB B_[ skV >uVm
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kV[ ]m. > m g|_ \ _

skkV / _ 2011

49

skVm ] s_ kE m m. As k
\B\V>Vm \ _ kV[ kXV_ \|\
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kV[ ]BVm BuBV \ _ ss
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sB V>D kV >a_ k> sVs >VzA.
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50

skkV / _ 2011

g\^,
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J[ ]A^ kBV[ [V_ D\VkV! V
V|m kVz^; T_ ^, z V
V|^. B[ sD.

skkV / _ 2011

51

D ms
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52

skkV / _ 2011

Vl_V kVs_ co_


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|^m. ]Vl_ Vl_V> Wl_ E

skkV / _ 2011

53

\_oB VVml_ k |mV^ k|D. >


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ci Wl_ m V\VzD. > Vk ]
\uV^ k|D.

54

skkV / _ 2011

5) E[ Bu kD k B_|k>uz c_ luE t
kEBD. E[ B >V_ zzD [VKD E u
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kVD.
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Bu kD V]D. k E aD D
mzkVD. x\m[ \V aVD. _BM_
k\V _KD \m kVs_ m >_V
m s|D.

skkV / _ 2011

55

skV> ]D [MBVz\
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^, gEBV | Vl_
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>A: zV>, yB >VVE^, yB


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.k.

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56

skkV / _ 2011

pV # .V.>. >\VV ^ \_W^,


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skkV / _ 2011

57

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skV> ]D [MBVz\
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58

skkV / _ 2011

17.02.2011 x>_ 20.02.2011 k [MBVz\l_


u zw>^ swVs_ x>_
u _k[ sB Dl[ c
gBV V. wzxm

D VD, VV>D
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\BV>BVD, M\BVD k|D [m \m V|.

skkV / _ 2011

59

k^kM[ kVl kV V^ |V_


s_. cD VuD ]z k mk>uz
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60

skkV / _ 2011

]\V VlzD. >B [


>VB! V>m c[ u \|D
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skkV / _ 2011

61

^k[ _ [> Wm s| kVD [VB.


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kV V> ^ [ m cB W
F[.

62

skkV / _ 2011

WVu

B^
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skkV / _ 2011

63

V_ Vo[ s|D VVu soBVD,


\w Fm B Am k^ V [ 99 k
lm ]|D zE V[ D D, Va >
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B \VA >ta[ MB t>D []_ VxD
\ V^kVD.
Printed by

: Shri. Pravin V. Dabholkar at M/s RNR Printers


and Publishers, 8, Thandavarayan Street,
Triplicane, Chennai - 600 005.

Published by : Shri. Pravin V. Dabholkar for Vivekananda


Kendra Prakashan Trust, 5, Singarachari
Street, Triplicane, Chennai - 600 005.
Editor

64

: Shri. P. Parameshwaran, P r e s i d e n t,
Vivekananda Kendra, Vivekanandapuram,
Kanyakumari - 629 702.

skkV / _ 2011