In simple terms, training and development refer to the imparting of specific skills, abilities and knowledge to an employee. [Training and development need = Standard Performance ± Actual Performance]

DEFINITION Training is the act of increasing the knowledge and skills of an employee for doing a particular job.´ ± EDWIN B FLIPPO.

IMPORTANCE OF TRAINING  Reduction in wastage leading to improved profitability  Improves the morale of the workforce  Improve the job knowledge and skills at the levels of the organization  Improves quality  Improves labor management relations  Creates an appropriate climate for growth and communication  Aid in improving organizational communication  Helps the individual in making better decisions and effective problem solving  Improves production rate  Aids in encouraging and achieving self development and self-confidence  Helps a person handle stress, tension, frustration and conflict Training and development refers to the imparting of specified skills, abilities and knowledge to an employee. 

Training and development means, it is an attempt, which improves the current and future Performance of an employee through learning or by increasing his skills and knowledge.

4 to 6.. It provides the primary source of nutrition for young mammals before they are able to digest other types of food. making it slightly acidic. Another alternative way is to preserve milk with chemical preservatives. D. Milk is very nutritious. NaHCO.25% water3. . 1984. It can reduce the risk of many diseases in the baby. 1975.80% fat. Both children and adults require it for maintaining their normal body. Similarly heated milk is not generally accepted by the public in the market. but it contains significant amounts of saturated fat. Dirar. ethanol. The presence of undesirable bacteria in milk may causes deterioration of flavor or physical appearance and also may be the causes of producing disease in human beings. 1951). Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals. Recently scientists are using various milk preservatives (H O.8. the present study was under taken to preserve milk samples with hydrogen peroxide.80% of lactose and 0.. gassiness and many other defects are caused by the presence of different types of microorganisms. discoloration. So. Souring of milk. protein and calcium as well as vitamin C. The exact components of raw milk vary by species.50% protein. 3. K) and water-soluble vitamin (Vit B complex and vit C).65% minerals according to (Eckles et al.MILK Milk is the most important food item for human beings. Besides milk contains considerable amount of fat-soluble vitamins (Vit A. 1989). 4. E. it is very important to carry out research work for developing a suitable method of milk preservation for our rural farmers. In our country. Hossain. and carries the mother's antibodies to the baby. but it is also a good media for growth of various microbes. boric acid) to overcome this problem (Al-Dabbagh et al. The early lactation milk is known as colostrum. So. Cow's milk has a pH ranging from 6. majority of the dairy farmers have no ability to install cold room or to buy refrigerator. Milk contains on average 87.

123 Government and 33 cooperatives milk chilling centres operate in the State. India.000 schools all over the State. probably 2/3 or even more ¾ of them are wholly or partly dependent on livestock farming. benefiting more than three million school children from over 19.445 million people economically active in agriculture in the world. With the increase in milk production. The dairy industry in India has been witnessing rapid growth. especially in rural areas. The share of livestock product is estimated at 21% of total agricultural sector. The dairy sector has developed through co-operatives in many parts of the State. the State had 60 milk processing plants with an aggregate processing capacity of 5. Maharashtra now regularly exports milk to neighbouring states. engaged in agriculture. Dairy is a place where handling of milk and milk products is done and technology refers to the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes. which has 66% of economically active population.DAIRY INDUSTRY The dairy sector in the India has shown remarkable development in the past decade and India has now become one of the largest producers of milk and value-added milk products in the world. It has also intiated a free school feeding scheme. During 1997-98. . derives 31% of Gross Domestic Product GDP from agriculture. The liberalized economy provides more opportunities for MNCs and foreign investors to release the full potential of this industry. In addition to these processing plants. DAIRY INDUSTRIES IN INDIA More than 2. India is endowed with rich flora & Fauna & continues to be vital avenue for employment and income generation.8 million litres per day.

and 10% cross bred cows) Immensely low productivity. I n 1946 the first company was established in kava District co-operative milk produces known as ³AMUL´ throughout the Nation wide and their different companies were developed throughout country form Govt. average. Heritage. around 100 million MT Value of output amounted to Rs. Revile. and Mother Dairy etc Dairy is developed as a separate industry. poor nutrition and lack of services are the main factors for the low productivity There are different regions developed. of unproductive animals. dairy development under the brand names TI RUMALA. Jerry. IMPORATNCE OF DAIRY INDUSTRIES Data collected by bureau of human nutrition and home economics for the year 1944 and 1945 showed that dairy products contained 75% of the calcium and 45%of riboflavin in the total food supply as well as 24% of the total protein. below average (eastern states of Orissa. side and also private side. Doddle. The main reason for developing of this industry is above to increase in population of urban areas and more consumption of milk in the areas of soft drinks. Bihar and NE region) in the dairy industry. 55 % buffaloes.P. In Andhra Pradesh the leading companies are A.17% of the vitamins and 17% calories. around 1000 kg/year (world average 2038 kg/year) Large no. 1179 billion (in 2004-05) (Approximately equals combined output of paddy and wheat!!) 1/5thof the world bovine population Milch animals (45% indigenous cattle. . low genetic potency.OVERVIEW OF THE INDIAN DAIRY SECTOR India is the largest milk producer all over the world. Cream lines.

product offering Positioning distribution channels etc. 4. A cattle farming is one of the important aspects of the overall development process in India. which have played important roles in the evaluation of the modern dairy industry. Improved machinery. 6. Nearly 5% of the Indian population of the country directly or indirectly depends on milk production and it`s sales for their livelihood. Economic factors 5. . Improved live stock. Among the many factors. Significant investment has to be made in milk procurement equipment and chilling and refrigeration facilities. Haryana.Today India is the largest milk producing country in the world. 2. I ndia has the potential to become a leading exporter of milk and milk products. Transportation. Rajasthan. Maharashtra. and create need develop strategies to bring the customers right elements of the that. The milk producing state in are Punjab. to satisfy the needs. The first and foremost requirement of modern marketing is to understand the customer needs. Gujarat. Karnataka and Tamilnadu. Due to low labor cost. the dairy industry needs to focus on quality and productivity. Andhra Pradesh. 1. Research and scientific investigation. The modern dairy emerged in the middle of the 19 the century. the following may be mentioned. The factory system.. the cost of milk production is significantly low here to boost exports. It has been the important of the National Economic Development Process all these years. I t is said that it is one of the bounded sectors of agriculture. 3.

Ice eventually builds up around the coils. As more automated methods were developed for harvesting milk. This cooling method worked well for smaller dairies. one of its first uses on the farm besides providing water for animals was for cooling milk. as a result. to extend the storage life before being transported to the town market. This type of cooling utilizes an evaporator built directly into the inner wall of the storage tank to remove heat from the milk. hand milking was replaced and. When windmills and well pumps were invented. 'Ice banks' were the first type of bulk milk cooler. which were filled by hand milking. This was a double wall vessel with evaporator coils and water located between the walls at the bottom and sides of the tank. These cans were placed into a cooled water bath to remove heat and keep them cool until they were able to be transported to a collection facility. and the cooling system shuts off. The naturally cold underground water would be continuously pumped into a tub or other containers of milk set in the tub to cool after milking. until it reaches a thickness of about three inches surrounding each pipe. This method of milk cooling was extremely popular before the arrival of electricity and refrigeration.HISTORY OF MILK PRESERVATION Cool temperature has been the main method by which milk freshness has been extended. which flows water across the ice and the steel walls of the tank. When the milking operation starts. A small refrigeration compressor was used to remove heat from the evaporator coils. In the mid 1950's direct expansion refrigeration was first applied directly to the bulk milk cooler. . however was fairly inefficient and was unable to meet the increasingly higher cooling demand of larger milking parlors. are needed to reduce the incoming milk to a temperature below 40 degrees. only the milk agitator and the water circulation pump. Direct expansion is able to cool milk at a much faster rate than early ice bank type coolers and is still the primary method for bulk tank cooling today on small to medium sized operations. REFRIGERATION When refrigeration first arrived (the 19th century) the equipment was initially used to cool cans of milk. the milk can was replaced by a bulk milk cooler.

Milk is passed between every other set of plates with water being passed between the balance of the plates to remove heat from the milk. This method of cooling can remove large amounts of heat from the milk in a very short time. he must also increase the capacity of his milking parlor in order to harvest the additional milk. then into a refrigerated bulk tank. Ground water is the most common source of cooling medium for this device. ground water is still utilized to provide some initial cooling to bring the milk to between 55 and 70 °F (21 °C).Another device which has contributed significantly to milk quality is the plate heat exchanger (PHE). through the plate cooler. As a dairyman increases the size of his herd. reduced operating costs for the dairymen by reducing the refrigeration load on his bulk milk cooler. thus drastically slowing bacteria growth and thereby improving milk quality. Plate heat exchangers have also evolved as a result of the increase of dairy farm herd sizes in the US. MILKING OPERATION Milking machines are held in place automatically by a vacuum system that draws the ambient air pressure down from 15 to 21 pounds per square inch (100 to 140 kPa) of vacuum. A second (and sometimes third) section of the PHE is added to remove the remaining heat with a mixture of chilled pure water and propylene glycol. For this reason. PHE's are typically utilized in this instance to rapidly cool the milk to the desired temperature (or close to it) before it reaches the bulk milk tank. into the receiving can. A milk lift pump draws the milk from the receiving can through large diameter stainless steel piping. PHE's can result in drastically improved milk quality. and increased milk production by supplying the cows with a source of fresh warm water. The vacuum is also used to lift milk vertically through small diameter hoses. Today's larger farms produce milk at a rate which direct expansion refrigeration systems on bulk milk coolers cannot cool in a timely manner. Dairy cows consume approximately 3 gallons of water for every gallon of milk production and prefer to drink slightly warm water as opposed to cold ground water. Typically. These chiller systems can be made to incorporate large evaporator surface areas and high chilled water flow rates to cool high flow rates of milk. . This device utilizes a number of specially designed stainless steel plates with small spaces between them. This increase in parlor sizes has resulted in tremendous increases in milk throughput and cooling demand.

For this reason. the vacuum inside the inflation causes the inflation to collapse around the cow's teat. Some cows are faster or slower. the milker can only process a group of cows at the speed of the slowest-milking cow. When the vacuum is reapplied in the chamber the flexible rubber inflation relaxes and opens up. or the merely curious Indian Dairy sector has something for everyone. Yet the loss of nutrients energy and equipment required in milk handling . Because most milkers milk cattle in groups. Dairy cows buffaloes goats and sheep can eat fodder and crop by products which are not eaten by humans.Milk is extracted from the cow's udder by flexible rubber sheaths known as liners or inflations that are surrounded by a rigid air chamber. squeezing the milk out of teat in a similar fashion as a baby calf's mouth massaging the teat. At pre-arranged times. Milk production is relatively efficient way of converting vegetable material into animal food. When ambient air is allowed to enter the chamber. In celebration. Indian Dairy sector is now ready to invite NRIs and Foreign investors to find this country a place for the mammoth investment projects. entrepreneurs. It takes the average cow three to five minutes to give her milk. GROWTH SCENARIO OF DAIRY PRODUCTS IN INDIA India is the world's highest milk producer and all set to become the world's largest food factory. researchers. The extracted milk passes through a strainer and plate heat exchangers before entering the tank. many farmers will cull slowmilking cows. milk quantity is not determinative of milking speed. Be it investors. Slow-milking cows may take up to fifteen minutes to let down all their milk. A pulsating flow of ambient air and vacuum is applied to the inflation's air chamber during the milking process. preparing for the next squeezing cycle. a milk truck arrives and pumps the milk from the tank for transport to a dairy factory where it will be pasteurized and processed into many products. where it can be stored safely for a few days at approximately 42 °F (6 °C). Milking speed is only minorly related to the quantity of milk the cow produces ² milking speed is a separate factor from milk quantity.

low availabilities of food aid and foreign exchange constraints. but with the increase in supply. by milk products outside the rationing system are sold price which is well above the cost level. rationing has been relaxed. the price to milk producers has to be remunerative. most fresh milk in the big cities of China was a reserved for infants and hospitals. Cheap milk and milk products are made available to certain other vulnerable groups. Effective demand will come mainly from middle and high income consumers in urban areas. large scale subsidization of milk conception will be difficult in the majority of developing countries. Until recently.inevitably make milk comparatively expensive food. In Cuba where the Government attaches high priority to milk in its food and nutrition policy. all pre-school children receive a daily ration of almost a litre of milk fat the reduced price. Also if dairying is to play its part in rural development policies. In a situation of increased international prices. There are ways to mitigate the effects of unequal distribution of incomes. HEALTH BENEFITS OF DAIRY PRODUCTS Calcium Decreases the risk of kidney stones Lowers the risk of breast cancer Less risk of Colon Cancer Fights hypertension Fights Insulin Resistance Syndrome (IRS) A natural treatment for the Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) . in most of developing countries milk and milk products will not play the same roll in nutrition as in the affluent societies of developed countries. Hence in the foreseeable future.

00. Tirumala Milk Products Private Limited is selling its milk and milk products in Chennai. Tirupati and towns in A. .Lowers the chance of developing ovarian malignancy.Initially it was started with an operating capacity of 70. Ongole. Further it has increased its capacity and now is operating with 2. Bangalore. will constantly strive to market quality products at competitive prices. Healthy Bones Skin Care Healthy Teeth Acidity Reduction Wholesome Food TIRUMALA MILK PRODUCTS VISION To produce and supply superior quality products with exceptional customer service to eventually grow as market leader in dairy industry. 000 Lts. provide value to our business partners. all the while delivering exceptional customer service with the highest regard for business ethics. Nellore.P. Nellore District was started in the month of September 1999. MISSION Tirumala Milk Products (P) LTD. Recently the company has started production in Palamaneru in Chittoor District. Gudur. and Guntur. The plant at Kadivedu village. capacity. Chillakuru Mandela. Hyderabad. COMPANY PROFILE Tirumala Milk Product Private Limited was incorporated in the month of 13th day November 1998.000 liters Per day. TI RUMALA wade.

is one of the fastest growing Private Sector Enterprises in India with a team of dedicated professionals.Tirumala Milk Products Private Limited is a professionally managed company engaged in the manufacture of a wide range of Dairy Products which include Milk in Sachets. Curd in Cups and Sachets. convenience. Milk Powder. products meet stringent quality control tests and cater to the premium segment of the market for Dairy Products. is presently implementing an expansion programme and proposes to launch new products in the near future. Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd. high-quality milk. Presently our market presence is in Andhra Pradesh. Ghee and Butter Oil both in bulk as well as in consumer packs. Taste. Our milk comes from cattle herd that receive the best care along with healthy and nutritious diet in the form of quality feed to ensure that they produce wholesome. tasty and healthy food products under well-known brand. Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Butter. Sweets. Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd. varied offering of nutritious. sells a rich. The company has one of the most modern and versatile plants in the Indian Dairy Industry with state-of-the-art technology. Flavored Milk. . Gutur Dist and Corporate Office is located at Ameerpet. THE CONTRIBUTORS FOR SUCCESS Milk Procurement Network Superior sales and marketing prowess Strategic technological & infrastructural advantage Efficient human investments Business intelligence and technical expertise that is applied to serve our consumers. Hyderabad. Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd. We handle 7 Lakh liters of milk per day in our packing stations and dairy plant. health.Established in 1998. Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd. reliability and vitality for consumers are key characteristics. Our Registered Office is located at Narasarao Pet. which is the single largest plant in the state of Andhra Pradesh.

Our Board of Directors are . j Raghavan. A j Srinivas. Com) .Nageswara Rao. Director.Raja Gopal. R (MSc Dairy Technology) j Subbaiah Chowdary .Rao . V (CA) j Mr. Managing Director. CH (M.VV M. E. They are . y y y y y B. D. has a seasoned Board of Directors with a collective blend of visionary leadership. Dr. CORPORATE MANAGEMENT TEAM Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd.Com. consumer marketing expertise and technological prowess.Venkata Rao. we maintain the flexibility and customer attention that only smaller enterprises can provide. Joint Managing Director. The Corporate Management Team keeps us focused for betterment in their areas. is a growthoriented organization..Brahma Naidu. N. R j Ramesh. While competitive with larger-sized companies.BOARD OF DIRECTORS Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd. (ICWAI) j Mallikarjuna Rao. Executive Director.Chava j Suresh.Brahmanandam. B. Director.N.

OUR COMMITEMENTS Tirumala Milk Products (P) LTD. and success. has always reiterated that our added value businesses would continue to demonstrate attractive growth. Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd. has won many awards and certificates. and environmental practices both within our company and our community. Agmark Licence and adhere to all other Statutory standards as per requirements. commitment. has ISI Licence. Our business strategy continues to make encouraging progress and is a key driver of the operating profit. and in acknowledgment of all the challenges surmounted.Apart from ISO certification. profitable. . and teamwork of our employees thus igniting passion. we have Certificate from SGS on SMP Analysis too. To produce products of international quality with acceptance from overseas clientele. CERTIFICATE AND AWARDS In recognition of its efforts and achievements in the dairy foods industry. is an ISO 9001:2000 and an ISO 22000: 2005 Certified company. FINANCIALS Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd. Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd. We have commited To serve our customers with better products and higher quality services than is available from any other dairy company at present. To invest in the abilities. To continue the tradition as a trusted dairy by managing sustainable. opportunities. To achieve longevity by adapting to our customers¶ changing needs and market trends.More enduring than any public recognition for our contributions is the satisfaction we enjoy by creating a superior product and giving back to our communities. Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd. The dairy is following Quality Management System and Food Safety Standards.

. The complete range of Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd.27 373. After that they became one single entity called Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd. Handles 6. The strength of our competitive position gives confidence that we will deliver attractive earnings growth and provides the opportunity for a greater appreciation in Tirumala Dairy's value. covers the entire spectrum of dairy products sold in markets. pasteurizes and packages all fresh dairy products in technologically superior and hygienic conditions to ensure pure natural freshness.91 PRODUCTS Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd. TURNOVER OF OUR COMPANY The following are the Turnover Information of the company: Rs.80 470.Our strategy will continue to focus on growing our brands and added value businesses. both Tirumala Dairy Pvt Ltd and Tirumala Milk Products Pvt Ltd were separate entities.5 Lakhs Liters of Milk per day in all their packing Stations and main dairy plant which is the highest in the state of Andhra Pradesh. In Crores Sales TOTAL 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010 285. Before November 2007. are highly nutritious.79 585. Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd. healthy and bring you a world of goodness.Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd. .

which is the key to timely distribution.0 Lakh litres PRODUCTION Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd. Elure. Warangal.Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd.0 Lakh litres 1. has its own supply chain management. handles milk in the following locations:Pacing Locations Gudur Vellala Cheruvu Bhimadolu Palamaner Gungal Handling Capacity per day 4. Nellore.0 lakhs lts of milk per day from various chilling centers and local units. Guntur and Rajahmundry.0 Lakh litres 2.0 Lakh litres 2. Nizambad.00 lakh liters of milk and 20000 liters of curd to Bangolore city. There is continuous growth in sale of milk from 50000 ltrs to 350000 ltr with in a span of one-decade.At our Palamaner unit processes and supplies 1. Our Wadiyaram plant has capacity of 50000 Liters milk to cater to the markets of Medak. Our Vellalacheruvu & Bhimadolu packing stations processes and supplies 2.0 Lakhs Lts of milk per day in automatic sachet filling machines for supply and distribution to Chennai. Main plant processes 3.P . Tirupati.0 Lakh litres 4.0 lakh liters of milk to Hyderabad. Adilabad and Karim Nagar Districts of A. etc« in insulated puffs. has its main dairy plant at Kadivedu with handling capacity of 4. Vijayawada. Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd.

Asia. Australia.By-Products like Sterilized Flavored Milk. credit alternatives. The Carlyle Group is a global private equity firm with more than $97.MAIN PRODUCTS The Main Plant has modern equipments to manufacture milk products like Buttter. the Middle East/North Africa and Latin America. With the investment and support of Carlyle. With 78 funds across four investment disciplines (buyouts. Mysore pak. Carlyle India Advisors Private Limited on 30th March 2010.7 billion under management. Carlyle has over 1300 investors from 73 countries and has committed more than $4. . Ghee and Milk Powder. S. Andhra Bank. Lassi. relying on a strong team of 400+ investment professionals operating out of offices in 19 countries to uncover superior opportunities in North America. growth capital and real estate). Europe. Our new modern dairy plant located in Gungal near Ibrahimpatnam on the outskirts of Hyderabad was inaugurated by Sri R. Tirumala is well placed to capture growth opportunities in a robust sector fueled by growing income and demand for quality products. and Sri M. Khova. Ghee is made from pure cow & buffalo butter under supervision of 30 years experienced dairy technologists to retain granulation. Panner. color and aroma of ghee with a capacity of 8 tons per day. Since its inception in 1987.7 billion in 1. Carlyle has invested $64.1 billion of its own capital to its funds.015 transactions. Milk powder is made from fresh cow & buffalo milk and the plant is capable of producing all type of milk powders with a capacity of 15 tones per day. Shankar Narayanan Managing Director. Milk Cake. Carlyle combines global vision with local insight. FOOD SAFETY PRIVATE EQUITY INVESTME Carlyle Asia Growth Capital IV ( CAGP IV ) invested $22 million in Tirumala Milk Products Private Limited in May 2010.Butter is made from pure cow & buffalo fat under hygienically processed through continues butter making machine with a capacity of 8 tones per day. Reddy Chairman & Managing Director.

Tamilnadu. paneer. Vijayawada. and Karim Nagar. and Karnataka.000 liters of milk per day. sweets. standardization and homogenization of the milk.000 liters of milk per day. flavoured milk. This plant has installed processing capacity of more than 400. We currently have more than 150 parlours in operation and the same is expected to increase to 500 by the end of 2011. butter. curd and products which are supplied in Bangalore and Mysore Markets. It can produce the complete range of dairy products including curd. Rajahmundry. AREAS OF INVESTMENT Tirumala distributes milk to various parts of Tamil Nadu. All the products are manufactured with latest technology machines having highest standard of food safety. The packing station located at Vellacheruvu. Andhra Pradesh. These packing stations have capacity of more than 50. etc. The procurement and processing section located at Pasupattur village of Chitoor district in Andhra Pradesh is the source of milk. . Guntur. DAIRYPARLOURS To ensure that entire range of products is easily available at a single point for our valued near Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh and another in Gingee. ghee. Kakinada. The Company always strives to ensure superior quality of the products till they reach the doorsteps of the end consumers. NEWPACKING-STATIONS Tirumala has recently opened two packing stations . we have recently started Thirumala parlours across major cities in Southern India.The Company has built an integrated modern plant using the latest technology for pasteurization. Gudur is the main source for delivering milk and milk products to Chennai and other major parts of Tamil Nadu. butter milk. 20 KM away from our Registered Office and plant at Singavaram West Godavari District and Wadiyaram in Medak District supplied milk curd and other products to major markets of Andhra Pradesh which includes Hyderabad.

Our presence is across entire Tamil Nadu. Andhra Pradesh and Some parts of Karnataka TYPES OF PRODUCTS Tirumala Gold Milk Tirumala Toned Milk Tirumala Milk Tirumala Butter Milk Tirumala Curd Tirumala Butter Tirumala Cheese Tirumala Ghee Tirumala FCM Floured milk Powder TEST FOR ADULTERANTS DETECTION OF SKIMMING Low Percentage of Fat High Density (High LR) Higher ratio of solids not fat and: fat DETECTION OF EXTRANEOUS WATER Lower Percentage of Water Lower Density of Milk (Low LR) . Butter and Butter oil produced at Gudur plant are supplied to major Industrial and Institutional customers located across India and Overseas.Skim Milk Powder.

Appearance of rose red colour instead of brown colour shows presence of carbonates .Lower Percentage of Solids Not Fat DETECTION OF STARCH Take 3 ml of milk sample in attest tube Bring it to boil by holding over a flame Allow to cool to room temperature Add a drop of one percent iodine solution Presence of starch is indicated by the appearance of a blue colour DETECTION OF CANE SUGAR Take a 15 ml of milk in a test tube Add 1 ml of concentrated hydrochloric acid Add 100 ml of resorcinol and mix Place the test tube in boiling water for 5 minutes. Appearance of brick red colour indicates presence of cane sugar DETECTION OF NEUTRALIZERS Take 5 ml of milk Add 5 ml of alcohol Add few drops of one percent alcoholic rosalic acid solution and mix.

ACIDITY TEST BY TITRATION METHOD Mix the sample of milk thoroughly to avoid air bubbles Measure 10 ml of milk into porcelain basins Add 1 ml of Phenolphthalein indicator solution Titrate against standard Sodium Hydroxide solution Stir vigorously and read the end point at appearance if light pink colour The time taken should not exceed 20 seconds CALCULATION Titrable acidity (as lactic acid per 100 ml of milk) =9V1N/V2 V1 N1 V2 Volume in ml of standard NaOH solution required for titration Normality of standard NaOH solution Volume in ml of milk sample taken for the test METHYLENE BLUE REDUCTION Mix the sample thoroughly by inverting and shaking the sample bottle Remove the cap of sterilized test tube under aseptic conditions Flame the pouring lip of the sample bottle and mouth of the test tube Pour 10 ml of the sample into a test tube rapidly taking care not to wet one side of test tube Add 1 ml of methylene blue solution into the test tube taking care not to touch any of the surface or milk During delivery of solution hold the pipette against the dry side of tube and blow or use a jet After the lapse of 3 seconds blow out the solution in the tip of pipette and take out .

Close the test tube with sterile stopper and invert the tube to mix Place the tube in the water bath Put control tubes with 10 ml of mixed milk and 1 ml of tap water and 10 ml mixed of milk with 1 ml of methylene blue solution Inspect the tubes for decolouration and note down the time take for complete decolouration and compare with control samples.75 ml of Milk Sample to the butyrometer with sulphuric acid Measure 1 ml of Amyl Alcohol into butyrometer by 1 ml pipette Close the neck of butrometer with lock stopper until the rim is in contact with neck of butyrometer . GRADING MBRT time (hrs) 5 and above 3 and 4 1 and 2 ½ Grade Very Good Good Fair Poor DETERMINATION OF FAT IN MILK BY GERBER METHOD Mark the Butyrometer with sample nos. Pipette out 10 ml of 90% Sulphuric Acid into butyrometer Pipette out 10.

and all other dairy products of all kinds and to buy sell trade in any goods which are usually needed in any of the above business or any other business associated with the fore going or other interests of the company. cheese. butter milk. vendors of milk. NOTE Check Whether standard butyrometer is used Do not allow acid or sample to touch the neck of butyrometer Temperature of milk should be more than 27 C.Shake the butyrometer until the contents are mixed thoroughly Invert the butyrometer few times for thorough mixing Transfer the butyrometer to a centrifuge and centrifuge at maximum speed for 4 minutes Stop the centrifuge and adjust the fat column to nearest graduation point Note the scale readings corresponding to the lowest point of fat meniscus and the surface of separation of the fat and acid The difference between the readings gives the % by mass of fat in the milk. sell. vendors of milk cream. butter milk. and all other dairy products of all kinds and to buy . cream. trade in any goods which are usually needed in any of the above business or any other business associated with the fore going or other interests of the company . OBSERVATION Carry on the business of producers. Provide quality and safe products Carry on the business with producers. cheese.

sells a rich. Presently market presence is in Andhra Pradesh. Contribution to society 2. Karnataka and Tamil Nadu Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd.Serve the milk producers of villagers by providing loans for purchasing cattle. Build customer confidence through quality and reliable service. Ghee and Butter Oil both in bulk as well as in consumer packs. Adaptability 7. tasty and healthy food products under well-known brand. varied offering of nutritious. Sweets. . Courtesy and Humility 6. Milk Powder. Fairness and Honesty 3. The major contributors like Strong management focus. Gratitude FINDINGS Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd manufacture wide range of Dairy Products which include Milk in Sachets. high-quality milk. Co-operation and Team Spirit 4. Curd in Cups and Sachets. Untiring Effort for improvement 5. SEVEN PRINCIPLES OFTHE COMPANY: 1. Flavored Milk. Milk Procurement Network Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd. is an ISO 9001:2000 and an ISO 22000: 2005 certified company. Milk comes from cattle herd that receive the best care along with healthy and nutritious diet in the form of quality feed to ensure that they produce wholesome. Butter.

Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd.. pasteurizes and packages all fresh dairy products in technologically superior and hygienic conditions to ensure pure natural freshness. Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd.5 Lakhs Liters of Milk per day in all their packing Stations and main dairy plant which is the highest in the state of Andhra Pradesh.Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd. The Main Plant has modern equipments to manufacture milk products like Butter.Tirumala Milk Products (P) Ltd. covers the entire spectrum of dairy products sold in markets. Ghee and Milk Powder. . Handles 6. has always reiterated that our added value businesses would continue to demonstrate attractive growth.

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