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Knitting calculation w

# Knitting calculation w

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10/13/2015

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# Fabric programming

KEY WORD
 G.S.M.  Yarn Count.  Stitch length.  Yarn Diameter.  Fabric Width.  Machine gauge.  Needle gauge.  Wales space.  Needle pitch.

What is fabric?
 Fabric is a manufactured assembly of fibres and yarns that has substantial surface area in relation to its thickness and sufficient cohesion to give the assembly useful mechanical strength.  Fabrics are most commonly woven or knitted but the term includes  Assemblies produced by felting, lace making, net making, non woven processes and tufting.  Our Study basically is on knitted fabric specification and machines which are related to knitted fabric production.

How we analyze fabric?
 In the analysis of woven fabric specification we consider ends per inch, picks per inch, yarn count (warp & weft), and fabric width  In case of knitted fabric specification GSM, stitch length is mainly considered. Target of this training  Our target is to find out the easy process to get decision about yarn count selection, loop length selection, machine Diameter selection & machine gauge selection for required G S M  By this process we can get decision about yarn count, loop length, machine gauge, and machine diameter for the single jersey, Rib and interlock fabric.

Catchy solutions Venkatramani. Gireesan Contact: +919940839662 e-mail: vengatraam@gmail.com

It is also very important for calculation of knitted fabric GSM.  The equation we followed is as follow: Count = n * L * 453. From these weights. TERMINOLOGY AND DEFINITION  WALES PER INCH: Wales per inch means how many numbers of Wales are present in one inch. we find out the count of the yarn.com .   L= length of yarn.  Find out the finished fabric width. it is very important for calculation of knitted fabric GSM and fabric properties. Catchy solutions Venkatramani.  Selection of machine diameter and machine gauge to get specific width of fabric.6 Wt *36* 840  Where. Wt= weight of yarn. n= number of yarn in bundle.Fabric programming Aims of the Training  Find out relation between yarn count and GSM. MEASUREMENT OF YARN COUNT:  A different way to find out the count of the yarn. Then measure the total length of the yarn and measured the weight of that no of yarn. Gireesan Contact: +919940839662 e-mail: vengatraam@gmail.  COURSES PER INCH: Courses per inch mean how many numbers of courses are present in one inch. At first unravel a considerable no yarn from the fabric. Loop exists in course in course length and it is that which influence fabric dimension and other properties including weight.  Find out the logic of selection of stitch length.  STITCH LENGTH: Stitch length is theoretically a single length of yarn which include one needle loop and half the length of Yarn (half of a sinker loop) between that needle loop and the adjacent needle loops on either side of it.

First formula is  GSM = Course per inch * Stitch length * 39. Its value is different for different fabric structure and fabric type.55 22.3 24.e.  There are two formulas for calculating the GSM of a knitted fabric.4 22.5 28.9155 Some reference for Ks value Fabric Type Single jersey Single lacoste Double lacoste Polo pique Plain interlock 1×1 Rib 1×1 Rib 2×1 Rib Color Average Average Average Average Average Light Average Average Value of Ks 19.9155 x 0.Fabric programming MEASUREMENT OF GSM:  GSM = Ks * Tex Stitch length (mm)  Stitch length = Ks * Tex GSM  Ks = GSM * Stitch length Tex Where.3 Catchy solutions Venkatramani. Gireesan Contact: +919940839662 e-mail: vengatraam@gmail.37 * Tex 1000 * 1000  GSM = WPI * CPI * SL(mm) Count (Ne)  CPI = Count (Ne)*GSM WPI * SL (mm) x 0.75 25 39.37 * 39.5 26.com . Ks is a constant. i.

778 yarn count + 388.206 GSM + 80.56 GSM = -6.41 Catchy solutions Venkatramani.0. Gireesan Contact: +919940839662 e-mail: vengatraam@gmail.0.57 Yarn count = .05 GSM = -4.0.0.108 GSM + 56.56 To find suitable GSM for yarn count Name of the fabrics Single jersey Lycra single jersey Pique 1 *1 Rib Lycra 1 * 1 Rib Lycra 2 * 2 Rib Interlock Equations GSM = -6.12 Yarn count = .141 GSM + 50.com .22 Yarn count = .2839 yarn count + 494.146 GSM + 57.1216 yarn count + 519.9731 yarn count + 437.167 GSM + 64.16 Yarn count = .Fabric programming Flat back rib 3 Thread fleece Average Average 81 40.9716 yarn count + 354.66 GSM = -8.6737 yarn count + 386.879yarn count + 350.36 Yarn count = .62 Yarn count = .123 GSM + 54.92 To find suitable yarn count for Required GSM Name of the fabrics Single jersey Pique Double lacoste 1 x 1 Rib Lycra 1 x 1 Rib Lycra 2 x 2 Rib Interlock Equations Yarn count = (-) 0.4 GSM = -4.0.44 GSM = -7.119 GSM + 59.08 GSM = -9.0.

of needle * Wales space.   = No.  g = Gauge.com . = πDg * Wales space  D= Cylinder diameter. of wales * Wales space.  Fabric width = No.Fabric programming EQUATION FOR DETERMINING FABRIC WIDTH:  Fabric width = No. of needle FOR CALCULATING YARN DIAMETER: Catchy solutions Venkatramani. Gireesan Contact: +919940839662 e-mail: vengatraam@gmail.

60 2.70 2.  i.00 2.91 √ne D = √Tex 26.2d  D= 0.40 2. It may be up to 5.94 2.68 2.64 2. Gireesan Contact: +919940839662 e-mail: vengatraam@gmail.98 2. stretched due to tension the wales space become less than 4d (d is the yarn diameter)  When loop length is increased the space into the interloping area are increased as a result wales space becomes wider.e.7 Fabric Type Yarn count Stitch length (mm) Colour M/c DIA M/c Gauge Finished diameter (inch) Finished GSM Plain S/j 18s/1 20s/1 24s/1 26s/1 28s/1 30s/1 34s/1 40s/1 Single lacost 18s/1 24s/1 26s/1 30s/1 3.68 2.5 32 31 25 30 24 20 220-230 200-210 175-185 160-170 150-160 130-140 125-135 100-110 Catchy solutions Venkatramani.44 White White White White Average Average Average Average 26 30 30 30 26 30 26 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 30 33.Fabric programming  In case of minimum loop length there is no space left in interloping area.50 Average Average Average Average 30 30 30 30 24 24 24 24 46 40 36 34 245-255 210-215 200-210 180-190 2.66 2.com .

Fabric programming CONVERSION FOR YARN M/C Gauge 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 Ne 14/1 . Gireesan Contact: +919940839662 e-mail: vengatraam@gmail.com .24/1 18/1 – 26/1 20/1 – 30/1 24/1 – 34/1 26/1 – 40/1 30/1 – 50/1 34/1 – 60/1 40/1 – 70/1 Catchy solutions Venkatramani.

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