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The Policy Process Part II There have been government policies implemented to help women in getting early treatment and quality health care so that death rates from Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) can be decreased. and the implementation stage (Morone. The second stages is also crucial to a successful completion of a policy process. The first part of the policy process includes the formulation stage. 2008). and researching information prior to the start of the policy process. analysis and . 2007). Litman & Robins. 2007) In the second portion of the policy process is the evaluation stage. 2011). assess. analysis stage and the revision stage. It is very crucial for the women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) to receive proper access to care as they face difficulties on daily basis (Kaiser Family Foundation. solutions. The policy is than presented before legislators and the health care agency must be ready to negotiate the implementation (Williams-Crowe & Aultman. The formulation phase consists of evaluating ideas. The American women need funding for medications. In the second part of the process. the legislative stage. It is important that health researchers communicate the information on HIV and Sexual Reproductive Health to elevate their participation in policy processes (South. concepts. The rate of increase of Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome among women is such that more than half of the American women are victims of the disease. involve legislation and execute. quality health care. any requirement for policy revision is recognized so that women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome can be helped. proposals. and support programs so that they can live with the disease. It is warranted to devise the policy. The legislative stage aims at helping health care organizations in the policy process.
They pay for their own assessment in an attempt to convey the feasibility of the program to legislators (Morone. Analysis Stage In policy analysis stage. Health policy analysis includes the organization and interpretation of the information influencing the . The aim of the evaluation stage is to discover if the goals of the implementation policy are fulfilling the assigned objective for women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Upon the rising of problems revision becomes a must and the stage re-starts. hence making the evaluation and analysis stage significant in assessing the implementation and results of the policy. policy alternatives are compared to determine the alternative that can lead to the final goal of the policy implementation.carry out required revision in the policy to address the issues of these women (Kaiser Family Foundation. Health policy analysis is an attempt to enhance health care as well as the access to health care for individuals who are victim of the disease. or requirement for modification. It is assessed whether the policy is effectual so that the availability of resources and funding is ensured and success of the health policy is maintained. failure. Continuous evaluation of the policy is warranted for the maintenance of the policy (Slack. 2008. As a result. factors which influence the effectiveness of the policy are identified. 2011). its success. 2007). Litman & Robins. Evaluation process of the policy is determined by exposing policy’s goal achievement. the groups benefiting from the policy will lobby for it. The success of the policy is crucial so that women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome can get the required services needed for optimal health care. Evaluation Stage When the policy reaches the evaluation stage in the process. p. 7). Policy makers need the immediate information on policy effects.
methods and tools by which a policy may be evaluated in terms of its potential effects on the health of a population and the allocation of those effects within the population (Dannenberg. 2006.women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome as well as determining the result of the policy. the process of policy change commences to be devised. The first step in the policy analysis is to collect data by means of public opinion surveys and contacting experts on the policy issues. In the United States. executed and drafted for legislation again. p. Revision Stage Once the policy is assessed. from 8% affected women in 1985 to 27% women in 2005. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus or . analyzed and it is determined that modifications or revisions are warranted for the policy to be effectual for women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. replaced or modified (World Health Organization. This is combined with an analysis statistics to expose the views and interpretation of the health care policy by the majority of women diagnosed with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It is crucial that women and girls comprehend the data. 2006). trends and the policy issues affecting them as they struggle with the disease. decisions are taken on the parts to be kept. Analysis of a policy is defined commonly as a blend of processes. newly infected Immune Deficiency Syndrome cases in women have continuously elevated.1). The positive and negative aspects are highlighted through the feedback collected as well as the modifications required to implement the policy effectively for the women living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. After the data is collected and the strength and weaknesses of the policy are studied.
evaluation stage is important in the policy process. and it is realized that women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome have a requirement the policy process commences again. When the policy is not . It is essential to revise and implement an effective health policy for women and girls to get the lifesaving health care access. The aim of evaluation is to conclude if the present policy is effective in focusing on the needs of women suffering from Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome as their number is increasing in the United States. Hence. 2011). Evaluation differentiates the manner of data gathering and is used throughout the entire policy process. Purpose for evaluating and Revising a Public Policy Public policy is assessed to gather data and take informed decisions. Policy revisions are necessary so that policy may be continuously tried to be perfect. Prior to the revision. program implementation and to find funders and supporters (Minnesota Department of Health. Once the policy revisions have been done. it is essential for the strengths and weaknesses of the policy to be clearly defined and specific areas to be revised should be highlighted as only portions of the policy may be needed to be revised. The aim for public policy revision is to ascertain that women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome benefits from the policy. The process of evaluation and revisions outlines the achievement goals to enhance health care.Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is increasing at a increasing rate in women so much that over half of the adults in the United States are living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome States (Kaiser Family Foundation. Policy makers evaluate the goals of the policy as well as the requirement for revision and document the information for review. 2007).
The second steps in the policy process are as significant as the first step and they work together in successful policy processes. H. p. 262. (2006). 2008). A. Litman & Robins. 96(2). the implementation stage. the evaluation stage. legislative stage. The six phases are devised to ehance the policy process for women suffering from Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. analysis stage. In policy revision any economic data series are modified upon the availability of more detailed information and enhanced methodologies (Kozicki. policy revision is required to achieve outcomes to aid women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. References Dannenberg. The revision step is significant in establishing the policy’s effectiveness. American Journal Of Public Health. 2004. The phases include the formulation stage. Policy clauses which were deemed suitable at the time of their formulation may be considered as mistakes when evaluated with revised data. . and the revision stage (Morone. Growing the Field of Health Impact Assessment in the United States An Agenda for Research and Practice. 5).effectual or the funding for the policy is not available. Each stage is accomplished perfectly to ensure proper completion of policy process. Conclusion Policies are reviewed on a continuous basis to aid in the enhancement of the health care system in the United States. Every step is equally significant in the implementing a policy and should be carried out in succession if a policy is aimed for women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
S. A.wpro.edu/geotrans/eng/ch9en/conc9en/ch9c2en. Retrieved from www.health. 5-38..Kaiser Family Foundation.us/divs/hpcd/chp/hpkit/text/eval_purpose. (2011).M. (2006). Designing and implementing a communications strategy: lessons learnt from HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health Research Programme Consortia.int/NR/rdonlyres/1E08B706.htm Slack. Division of Public Health Systems.nih. Women and HIV/AIDS in the United States. Health Research Policy & Systems.html South. V.kaiseredu.hofstra. Purpose of Evaluation. B. Retrieved from http://www. doi:10. 89(1). Policy development process. 91-4.aspx Kozicki.org/Tutorials-and-Presentations/Women-and-HIV-in-the-US. (2007). S.state. Retrieved from http://www. (2011). (2011).nlm. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)./0/hsp_mod4. & Aultman. Minnesota Department of Health. Retrieved from http://www.mn.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1403499/ World Health Organization.1186/1478-4505-9-S1-S15 Williams-Crowe. Retrieved from http://people. State health agencies and the legislative process. The policy process.who. (2004). (1994). Federal Reserve Bank Of Kansas City Economic Review.pdf .ncbi. T.. How Do Data Revisions Affect the Evaluation and Conduct of Monetary Policy?.