UTRAN Optimisation Process

Agenda
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Introduction and Objectives Optimisation Phases Overview Single Site Verification RF Optimisation Services Testing & Parameters Optimisation Regular Reference Routes & Stats Analysis Summary

Introduction & Objectives
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To provide an overview of the overall optimisation process

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To introduce the different optimisation phases of a 3G Radio Network

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To prepare for more in-depth discussions of various optimisation topics

Agenda

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Introduction and Objectives Optimisation Phases Overview Single Site Verification RF Optimisation Services Testing & Parameters Optimisation Regular Reference Routes & Stats Analysis Summary

RF Optimisation can be started in order to optimise coverage and minimise interference and pilot pollution.Optimisation Approach Overview (1/3) [1] Single Site Verification: v v Every new site is tested and verified to be functioning properly Any installation or parameter errors must be rectified. . v All RF-related failures or drop calls must be resolved. [2] RF Optimisation: v Once clusters of sites are ready.

Optimisation Approach Overview (2/3) [3] Services Testing & Parameter Optimisation: v Comprehensive services testing should be carried out in areas of good coverage to determine system performance v Causes of any failures must be identified and whenever necessary relevant parameters should be optimised. [4] Regular Reference Routes & Stats Analysis: v Regular testing & stats analysis will be needed to identify and resolve any new issues as a result of (e.g. increased traffic). .

Optimisation Approach Overview (3/3) New Sites Integrated Single Site Verification Cluster of sites ready? Yes No RF Optimisation Services Testing & Parameter Optimisation Regular Reference Route Testing & Stats Analysis Yes Re-optimisation Needed? No .

Agenda l l l l l l l Introduction and Objectives Optimisation Phases Overview Single Site Verification RF Optimisation Services Testing & Parameters Optimisation Regular Reference Routes & Stats Analysis Summary .

Single Site Verification (1/3) New Sites Integrated Single Site Verification Cluster of sites ready? Yes No RF Optimisation Services Testing & Parameter Optimisation Regular Reference Route Testing & Stats Analysis Yes Re-optimisation Needed? No .

PDP activation. Verify no installation faults 4. PS attach & detach. reselection. LA/RA update. handover. etc.Single Site Verifications (2/3) l Objectives: è è è è 1. . Verify Coverage (RSCP & Ec/Io) 2. Verify scrambling codes 3. Make test calls l Tools: è Scanner + UE l Process: è è A detailed check list of various tests must be conducted. Rx diversity antenna). è If unusual low signal strength should check wrong feeder connection (Tx/Rx main antenna. Tests will include: call setups. etc.

mark the '╳' on the '□'. mark the '∕' on the '□'. If the item is not checked. If the item is not OK. . mark the '√' on the '□'.Single Site Verifications (3/3) l An example Check list Site Checklist Site ID: New Site: Site Expansion: Site Migration: Others: No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Idle Mode Reminder Data Base Update □ Mapinfo Update □ □ □ □ □ Site Name: Site Connected to RNC: Site Expanded from: Site Migrated from RNC: Activity/Process New □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ To: To RNC: Expansion Migration □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ Frequency and Scrambling Code correctly defined □ Cell selection and reselection parameters are as planned ( SIB 3 ) □ The LAC/RAC is correctly defined ( SIB 1 ) □ The neighbor list and parameters are as planned ( SIB 11 ) □ LA update proceduce is checked □ Cell reselection from 3G to 2G is checked □ Cell reselection from 2G to 3G is checked □ MO-SMS and MT-SMS □ CPICH_RSCP > -85 dBm near site □ CPICH_EcIo > -8 dB near site □ Mobile terminating calls and mobile originating calls for voice service is checked □ The voice service quality is good by the engineer feeling □ Mobile terminating calls and mobile originating calls for VP service is checked □ The VP service quality is good by the engineer feeling □ PS attach is checked □ PS detach is checked □ PS PDP activation and deactivation is checked □ The PS service quality is good by the engineer feeling □ RA update proceduce is checked □ Soft handover for voice service to and from the 3G cells checked OK □ Soft handover for VP service to and from the 3G cells checked OK □ Soft handover for PS service to and from the 3G cells checked OK □ Inter-system handover for voice service to the 2G cells checked OK □ Installed antenna is of the planned type □ Overall performance and coverage area as expected by a brief drive test □ Antenna Swapping Test □ Others Remarks Gen Handover PS Connection Mode Remarks (Further comments): Checked by: 1-Name/Designation: 2-Name/Designation: Signature: Signature: Data: Data: Notes: If the item is OK.

Agenda l l l l l l l Introduction and Objectives Optimisation Phases Overview Single Site Verification RF Optimisation Services Testing & Parameters Optimisation Regular Reference Routes & Stats Analysis Summary .

RF Optimisation New Sites Integrated Single Site Verification Cluster of sites ready? Yes No RF Optimisation Services Testing & Parameter Optimisation Regular Reference Route Testing & Stats Analysis Yes Re-optimisation Needed? No .

Optimize neighbor list 4. Resolve any RF-related drop calls l Tools: è Scanner + UE with logging tool l Process: è è Drive survey with a UE initially in a continuous AMR call. Optimize CPICH and service coverage & cell dominance 2. l Solutions: è è Neighbor list modification Antenna tilt and/or azimuth changes. Minimize interference & pilot pollution 3. Drop calls should be analyzed to determine if the causes are RF related.RF Optimisation – Intro (1/2) l Objectives: è è è è 1. .

RF Optimisation – Intro (2/2) Start l Process Flow: Drive Test Identify any RF Issues Identify candidate cells for changes Identify nature of required changes Data Analysis Determine amount of change Implement changes Repeat Drive Test No Problem Resolved? Yes End .

RF Optimisation – Analysis (1/8) l Analysis Approach: Various plots from UE and scanner need to be analysed: è è è è è è è Cell Dominance (best serving cell plots) Down Link Coverage (CPICH RSCP & Ec/Io plots) Uplink Coverage (UE Tx power plots) Pilot Pollution (Pilot pollution table & Estimated Active set size) Neighbour list verification SHO Performance Drop Calls .

RF Optimisation – Analysis (2/8) l Analysis of Cell Dominance: To identify: l Cells with no or poor dominance l Cells with excessive dominance l Best server differences between scanner & UE Scrambling Code plot of best serving cells .

poor RSCP & Ec/Io) Areas of high interference (i.e.RF Optimisation – Analysis (3/8) l Analysis of DL CPICH Coverage: To identify: l l Areas of poor coverage (i.e. high RSCP but low Ec/Io) CPICH Ec/Io Plot CPICH RSCP Plot .

UE reaching max Tx power) UE Tx power.e. .RF Optimisation – Analysis (4/8) l Analysis of UL Coverage: To identify: l Uplink coverage limitation (i.

1% 1.8% 9.9% 10.2% 8.2% 0.4% 5.4% 0.6% 4.4% 2.1% 0.2% 0.6% 3.9% 4.4% 2.1% Pilot pollution results Estimated active set size from scanner data.7% 4.5% 0.9% 5. .5% 3.3% 9.RF Optimisation – Analysis (5/8) l Analysis of Pilot Pollution: To identify: l Cells causing pilot pollution l Locations where there are too many soft handoff candidates SC 8 9 10 11 12 13 16 17 18 19 20 21 32 35 37 43 48 53 67 80 130 Count 206 165 157 156 148 135 95 94 76 74 73 56 54 39 33 19 8 7 3 2 2 % in Pollution Set 12.7% 9.

0% 0.0% 009 Any missing neighbours though analysis scanner data & RNC neighbour list l Any missing neighbours causing drop calls l Any unnecessary neighbours.1% 3.0% 3.0% 2.0% 0. . Neighbour list verification.0% 0.5% 3.2% 8.0% 0.RF Optimisation – Analysis (6/8) l Analysis of Neighbour List: SC Cell 70548 Site Ajman Central Latitude 25.0% 0.1% 1.447 To identify: l Sample Sample Action Nbr SC Count Count 576 Retain Retain Retain Retain Retain Add Retain Retain Retain Retain Retain Remove Remove Remove Remove Remove Remove 018 010 016 032 011 130 021 008 020 012 017 053 019 034 037 013 051 82 46 31 20 18 17 17 12 6 5 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 % 14.41204 Longitude 55.0% 0.4% 3.0% 5.3% 0.9% 0.

4 Event 1b .Cell Addition 326 Event 1b . Number of Active Set Update Completes Event Count Event 1a .9 Scrambling Code plot of best serving cells .Cell Removal 99.Cell Replacement 64 To determine soft hand off success rate.Cell Replacement 96.7 Event 1c .Cell Removal 306 Event 1c .Cell Addition 328 Event 1b .Cell Addition 99.Cell Replacement 62 Soft-Handover Success Rate Event Rate Event 1a .Cell Removal 305 Event 1c .RF Optimisation – Analysis (7/8) l Analysis of SHO Performance: Number of Active Set Updates Event Count Event 1a .

RF Optimisation – Analysis (8/8) l Analysis of Drop Calls: Exact cause of the drop calls To identify: l Drop calls .

RF Optimisation – Solutions l Antenna Optimisation: (in order of priority) è è è è è è è Antenna tilt Antenna azimuth Antenna location Antenna height Antenna type Site location New site l Neighbour List Optimisation: (in order of priority) è è Add missing neighbors Remove unnecessary neighbors .

RF Optimisation – Process Summary Analysis Drive test data (scanner + UE) Dominance CPICH Coverage DL Interference Best server scrambling code CPICH RSCP & Ec/Io CPICH Ec/Io UE Tx power Scanner vs. RNC neighbours Scanner active set size Causes analysis Antenna & Site Optimisation Neighbour List tuning Neighbour list UL Coverage Neighbour List Thresholds & KPIs Pilot Pollution Drop calls .

Agenda l l l l l l l Introduction and Objectives Optimisation Phases Overview Single Site Verification RF Optimisation Services Testing & Parameters Optimisation Regular Reference Routes & Stats Analysis Summary .

Services Testing & Parameter Optimisation (1/6) New Sites Integrated Single Site Verification Cluster of sites ready? Yes No RF Optimisation Services Testing & Parameter Optimisation Regular Reference Route Testing & Stats Analysis Yes Re-optimisation Needed? No .

end-to-end logs should be collected (i. drop calls. call set-up.Services Testing & Parameter Optimisation (2/6) l Once RF optimisation is completed detailed testing of CS and PS services should be completed l During testing. etc) MUST be analysed to determine exact causes l Any system defects must be raised to Technical Support for resolution l Appropriate parameters should be identified for possible optimisation to resolve failures or to reduce impact of any system defects .e. UE as well as RAN & when necessary CN) l Any failures (e.g.

Services Testing & Parameter Optimisation (4/6) Services Testing Determine (Non-RF) Failure Causes Yes 100 % Success Rate? No System Defect? No Yes Yes Raise Defect Improve via Parameters? No End Optimise Parameters .

Services Testing & Parameter Optimisation (4/6) l Basic Parameters Optimisation Steps: è è è è è Identify candidate parameters Identify various trade-offs Decide on suitable metrics for analysis of results Decide on parameter ranges to be tested Define test cases and drive routes including various environments & clutter è è è Execute tests Perform detailed analysis (logs as well as network stats) Conclude parameters values that provide optimum trade-offs .

Services Testing & Parameter Optimisation (5/6) Candidate Parameters Clutter & Environment factors Define Test Cases & select drive routes Parameters Ranges Perform Tests Trade Offs Analysis Metrics Data Analysis & Conclusions .

.Services Testing & Parameter Optimisation (6/6) l Potential Parameter Optimisation Candidates: è è è è è è Reselection parameters Handover parameters Power control parameters Admission and congestion control Common control channel powers Etc.

Agenda l l l l l l l Introduction and Objectives Optimisation Phases Overview Single Site Verification RF Optimisation Services Testing & Parameters Optimisation Regular Reference Routes & Stats Analysis Summary .

Regular Testing & Stats Analysis (1/4) New Sites Integrated Single Site Verification Cluster of sites ready? Yes No RF Optimisation Services Testing & Parameter Optimisation Regular Reference Route Testing & Stats Analysis Yes Re-optimisation Needed? No .

on monthly basis) è Routine analysis of network stats to identify any reduction in network performance .Regular Testing & Stats Analysis (2/4) l Optimisation is an on-going activity and as a result: è Regular drive tests of designated routes should be carried out (e.g.

. call setup SR. PS throughputs.g.Objectives: è To benchmark network performance and user experience (e. To monitor the progress of on-going optimisation activities. call drop rate. etc) è To identify any degradation in coverage and/or increase in interference as a result of increased traffic or changes in environment è è To assess impact of newly introduced RAN features.Regular Testing & Stats Analysis (3/4) l Regular Drive Testing.

e. è To assess impact of parameter changes as part of parameter optimisation exercises. .Objectives: è To benchmark network performance. mix of services). particularly during the busy hour. è To identify poorly performing cells that need investigation to establish underlying cause of poor performance. è To provide triggers for network upgrade decisions. è To monitor traffic volumes and patterns as well as traffic profiles (i.Regular Testing & Stats Analysis (4/4) l Routine Network Stats analysis .

Agenda l l l l l l l Introduction and Objectives Optimisation Phases Overview Single Site Verification RF Optimisation Services Testing & Parameters Optimisation Regular Reference Routes & Stats Analysis Summary .

Optimisation Approach Overview New Sites Integrated Single Site Verification Cluster of sites ready? Yes No RF Optimisation Services Testing & Parameter Optimisation Regular Reference Route Testing & Stats Analysis Yes Re-optimisation Needed? No .

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