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hsak04r@ecs.soton.ac.uk  

 
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a.al-wabil@city.ac.uk 
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1

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Individuals_with_Disabilities_Education_Act

3 

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2
3

http://books.google.com/
http://www.archive.org/

4

-  67       032 :١ 45

5 

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J 1)*9   1)?, 12 *YZ0 {) f >(  Ž  5V|  .> ME   G) '

6 

‰ GY' .V 6  cT  ~  (text-to-speech) ¤9  Žr st   : *4' .2 ;3
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multi-) ¬f O    ()*+  J , Z 2E <9 v  2  Q "  5*( v  ‹   =)

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pre-recorded digitized ) 5*( sE GBE  s)*+ 12 o6 :`()*+ w 3b ¤9  5*/ Žr ;f 
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%<'    )   §9' L .0 ok 4pq A| *Z"  %Z 3E QE' ()*t  @?,
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.s8   ;)  &  N  2/ GY H*

7

W* k vN !0 G)a ) {ˆ )<  | > M( synthesized speech ) ¤9  Žr st  7, NY  ()*t 
.='  3  =(tN ƒ   •    HO    1˜  7+ 9 yt  vN ok

:nN0 m _2 74 ¤9  Žr st   : > ('    NE  (  G8 E  0
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e =' 3 > u 4pk V¥  =N*/0 = ME) !?  cNT  Œ& = M G m
l Y ; t E 4  M
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¬(   : _2 R !a Z .v   ‰ 5*/ %4' Nk J T   *U nt v  _2 (  *)*¢
;E3 lHLO ٤٥٠ ok ١٨٠ ` l 3 (+  N* q >m/6 H0 ™*' .  ² 12 { W* q
.4 *4 v89e

4

http://www.texthelp.com/page.asp?pg_id=1063
http://www.clarosoftware.com
6
http://www.clarosoftware.com/pdfs/claroread%20information_may053.pdf
7
http://www.premier-programming.com/TWP/Talking%20Word%20Procesor.htm
5

8

Quicklink  ‫ ا ا و
ا  آ‬:٣ 45
:

cNT  =(9)  > ME @O X !?  v  5*/ > ()   gE 4 989:  v  Žr st  c* &' Z
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G  Q " _2 )V) R g(4 ¤9  | c* G:O 1 v  0*() *:r ~  Hf ?4N  
s8  Ll 3 > (' {ˆ lHt' *YZ0 w*:0 c*  , .W* q )T   ;)  §&9' cTZ w*:6 cT 
=|  @*)*a Nk ok 4pq ='5*/ v  _2 ^*  ¨ yH _2 NZ
k ( 78R  §E 1 )  /H 
cN* GY z  cT  1 /t ¶”)   ~ 
0 Z .(Kurzweil 300010) G)AHZ cN* GY > ME G/ 1 
d*  _2 .l    5*(  (  =) 1  NE  !?  (Read&Write Gold11)  )H N0 )H
cN* > M4 l    5*(    =) 1   T'   S%UN 1 _20 cT  @?, GY * 
Z 1
.  ;)H   2 GE Q " O  c* > M 1 G   GR40 #8I  G 3

‹d 12  N *:”  ?, %:6 Œe  E   Ht' *  ¤9  Žr st   (' 0  (4 *  «   0
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12*M Z*h =BN0 !?  Žr GK  *x HI 2 *   (  @?,  > (  G93 / . § stN

8

http://www.readplease.com
http://www.bytecool.com/coolspch.htm
10
http://www.kurzweiledu.com
11
http://www.texthelp.com/page.asp?pg_id=1071
12
http://www.sakhr.com
9

9

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cT 4 .*  <  `(+  1    !?   c* šNq E  )   3*   AL .w*:6 < 
s+  Z*h 1 4N*  *  ƒ, c*  *M Z*h 1 H9k cN* GY hh 8H/ 1 *  > ME *4
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cN* c  ?, J *4)  .N* q !V)O ;Z 7,  v  1   < 0 ` nN _2 *9('   *  ;  

b .  G8  šNq Q " ` 0 `9M > ML §9) !?  N* q !V)O ;Z šNq *h  !V)k 
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l  =‚ D HLO ٦٠٠٠ & *4) "*h  !V)k" _E *)*  cN* 1  HLO ٨٠ £¥ y6  H )H !V)k
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http://www.nattiq.com

10

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@* £) hK ·H/ = c  E' >A cN* 0 l)*(' lHLO ٤٠٠ ok @* G9) !?  (ZoomText)  
¡ )   V   E  0 .lHLO ٥٩٥ *E `& O Z*h 1 (Lunar14) *N cN* 0 lHLO ٦٠٠ Ž3
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14
15

http://www.dolphincomputeraccess.com/products/lunar.htm
http://www.nattiq.com/arabic_pages/compact%20device.asp

11

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0 ON 1  {  ?,

16

http://textic.com

12  

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13 

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14

(Speech recognition) .> 4+ < KL @4 # J .1 
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1 Ž:  ge §p vN = 2 c ) D nt vN ok =)a  yt  >m  _2 Žr ^*  cT  ~ >(' 
0 & ymdk 0 §&Z cT <K  *6 ?&  yt  >m  > M _2 R >(' / 0 8mq 5t:6 
Z >m   st   %    !0 ‚ L =       =) 1  & cT  @?, T' .N*NL §&9'
‹ vN ok nE w¡ G) cNT  >() {3 7E  HOq 0 E  |  GZK =) 1  & .0
.w¡ ‹L =8*/ 1˜

>m  _2 Žr ^*  cT nt vN ok =)a ¨ 1  O*&  =(t )  _2 ^*  .b   cT  _E' 
.(Voice recognition) 9  _2 ^*  cT 
36 ~   (Automatic speech recognition)
1 W)   %Y  ƒA L Q " J cT  @?,   ME  (   » Ht' • 3 p NY  >26
:   ‹  Q " =2  H9( 
Q " ) .B    6 1) l*UN cNT sE ;)H ' _2 >m  _2 Žr ^*  c* ša :BM $ • 
l( ;)H   
Z (4 .=(tN _2 ^*  1 cNT  1) 7Z ` v cNT  > ME 5*/ s)*+ 12

15

JR Lk ša L ;)H   2  0 cT  @?, 1 Ht G HI J 1  l)*(' 2   5*/ ;t)
>m  _2 Žr ^*  c* > M ;9) (4    !? E  0 . 5*( J) 1 s8/O
1  5*(  _2   H / =) 1  NE   @?, > M GR&) ? .5*(  (  1 W) 1
.   (  1 W) 
? ‡(N  G 4 ok  ‰  *' L '9  &/ 
6 O v  12 #$ cT  @?, 1 c'  v  :  N
¾
• 
lN30 '9  &/  _2 ^*   ‰ T'  e @?, GY O  J  .cNT   l(E ,O 2k &)*' ;‚
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O&L 1 ;)H   5 0 =   2  *4' 2 O*&  JtE)  l*2 TZ6 O*4   NE  (  @?,
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Dragon Naturally ) 
HO cN* :Z*h •m w 3k 1 *4 74 y6  O  cT E  0

cN* 0 (IBM) >0  !0 1 (ViaVoice18) Œ)4 4 cN* 0 (Nuance) ŒNN Z*h 1 (17Speaking
.Œ40 4* c* 1p z  ¶”'   (MS Speech Recognition19) 1K /)H ’ 4*
ok 4pq OH 4* GY ¤9  | c*  vN ok 9 *h G)  cT  @?, H / GK'
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Z*K  1 .Q "  _&: =   *  < 2O *4 E  MEN  Œ)4 4 GY cNT4 *  < 

17

http://www.nuance.com/naturallyspeaking
http://www.nuance.com/viavoice
19
http://www.microsoft.com/speech
18

16 

l 3 cNT  ?, 1 O&E) .(ASR) >m  _2 Žr ^*  *x B ¥ *M Z*h *  < cT  *)t' ƒz 
GY L9'L Z*h   ME (t (Interactive Voice Recognition IVR) '9  BL UN0 
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1  .*  <  >m  _2 ^* *x > ME) (Auralog20) y H0 _E)  *  <   !Hj cN* 
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Z*h J  
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T2 ‹f J ;+M  1 *  > ME ` Q " 22   !OE 
VM > ML (IBM) >0  !0
.‹ vN ok >m  G) >('   B  ~ }*2 s  (٢) ƒ | > () .&'C K 

(spelling  iB ) O+P QG3  R .2
= '  nt v   * _2 G'   4 z  78mq s/   : ¤9  | c* 1 %Y  J ¶”' 
Z (highlighting) =U 0 # Ÿ 
k 78mq ”te V Q "  8mk 5t:0 4O9 2  ‰ ()*t > ME
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) L / 1  SH / ^m: ` ME  & 78mq §9   : T'
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0 , ;E   
W) !? Z iB   #p 12 j  8mq 5t:6 12 {' L G(   3 ^*3 4pk 0 ^?3 GY t
cT   78mq s/   c* _2 (Mitton, 1996) 
* H ,* 0 HO 7&4 .    =) 1 = 

20

http://www.auralog.com/
http://ceri.kacst.edu.sa/speech/homepage_e.htm
22
http://ceri.kacst.edu.sa/saavb/intro.htm
21

17 

5t:0 ok ,“ Hk 1˜ ;f > M 2t ¤9   8mq 5t:6 1 %٩٥ ok ٨٠
0  f
. 3 ^*3 4pk 0 ^?3 GY 2t 

1 4K iBS 
' ) iB 4 (t 
'  ‹*/0 ()*t      !" 1 %Y  ;) 
9    1 Ll  )V¦L <   (fizics) Z 
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l Y4 (phonetic spelling)   ¿& ƒm:
phonetic spell ) _E' 8mq 5t:6 1 n  ?C l99: 

78mq s/  c* ' .(physics) 

2E 5*/ Š (' ok 4pq 3*(   8/ }*Z 4pk V   %Y   )  (checkers
^*30 ` V  > 2 ;E U&  iB  K )V4 *  > ME E  0 .¬(  1 ,  §p'  3*(
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c* 12 H2 w*:6  (  ) ) V 0 C0 :78mq s/   >('    NE  (  G8  1 
2N  , 
|  *)*  c* J c  
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0 Z .99M 3
s/ ' _2 >()   m( G) *:r ~   (Write:Outloud23) Om'0 )H cN* GY 99M ¤9 
*K'Z G cN* GY *)*  c* g(4 E  A| _2 v  J G) cN* !”   2 5mq
.(Read & Write25) ;Z 0*/ cN* (SpellCatcher24) 
 ² > () !?  "¬( " _E *M cN*  4 ƒ„ ?,  *  <  2 '   B  E  0
Œ    ­ cN* 12 G(E GK cNT  G) .)V¦L <  ok ¼*' ok 4pq , p  S4O*
cNT  > M ;t) Q ? v  | 5 0 Ž‰ GK G) !?  78mq s/    :  Z z   MZ 
‹*  
E  ‘<   g   g¡Z    2 ¬(  R) .> ME G/ 1  2 {  O*   ƒ:Ok
23

http://donjohnston.com/catalog/writoutdfrm.htm
http://www.spellcatcher.com
25
http://www.texthelp.com
24

18

!?  B =2 %E) !?  c  ;E3   ƒ:Ob >() ¨ Ll 0 B > ME H$ cNT  G<K' 2  8*  ¦ 
> ME :O0 Z l¢  (t Z 12 {ˆ s)*+ 12 )    
4 ¬(   {  &Z 12 0 .@H:
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b4 s3   sE  1 O*z !0 "  y" 12  ‰ {  #N”E) BN _2 cNT  G9X «
b4 
Z*h *4' Z . LO 0 4* /m2  > ME :O0     J *K'   (K 12 {  #N”E) BN 
:  v  Ga  : (http://corrector.sakhr.com) N*NL h _2 / ƒm: 1 §9   : *M
; ' tE > M   1 = J)  G<K     G cN* ,  (http://siraj.sakhr.com) "š*" 
K ƒ9' *4' Ll 0 ;t) :=N0 =)  1  > ML    w¡ ™p {3 1    !" t 
lY   *  %d < K  cT  1 @%d  *4 , Z 3*(  stN > () L lN  = ML N*NL
.78mq s/  v9M 
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0 `u Š (' (١)   y*t   5 0    !" 2O _2  e @?, G' . ; QG3  R .3 
'     0   J/' ok 4pq ‹ v  _2 5    ' cNT  ™*() {ˆ v  J/'
.!  !<  §9  (٢)  

™*/ s)*+ 12 iB   H46 U '  #p ) 1 ( word prediction )   ®    : 2E'
: e @?, > ('   f cT  1 
2N ) .3*(   8/ }* Q "  ‰ ()*t   5 0

19

/ Z =2 ™*()  2t  5 0 O*&  J) !?  (Prototype26) ;)''* cN* GY (E c* ƒ6 n 
v  | cN* ok  ‰ ()*t CHb cNT  >( ,H: _2 vMK  G2 O    NZ
b4 , 9()
cN* GY l( ,N*Z"       NE c* J z  4pbZ ¶”4 WY  n  0 .W* q )T  cN* 0 
e @?, G' {ˆ ¤9  | U  *4 74 !  §9   : 0 .(CoWriter27)   2E
O ¡ v   ™*K  ok nL GY 4pk ¤: ok    !" šX  .§9  ™*/  ”te ) a _2 
E  0 .(Talking Word Processor) cN*  O  ,  GY §9 O  3*/ ok 4pq  *
J/'  : lY) 3 *I  O x GK ¤9  | c*  !  §9   : *44 *  <  2
(OnScreen Virtual Keyboard28) hK  _2 M  §'& 3 _E) cN*  (word predicition)  
.  J/ >('   B  }* >() s  (٤) ƒ | .*  ¤9  ƒ:Oq

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§E >('   N* q >m/6 0 (portable voice-recorders)  ¡ '9  mBE GY O0 > ME'
>m/6 > M 2  vMK   ME)   /*  ™ 6 yH6 0   ME  »&3L v  78R  
  9  !?  *&  §' .” V' '9  mBE4 . 1)    Z  =) 1  2E )O  
GZK lR)0 =) 1 l 9:  3
‰     vM   &  ` s4   x 1 Ll  nL _2 VZ*  
%Y  ƒ   ,H0 T'    ?  O  +*h6 > ME'   GBE  V 0
0 ^* 1 .7E  HOq 
0 .GBE w¡ U   ‰ O  >  Q "  E '9  J+( n *   B3 TZ , )  1
_2 *h = )Vu O*&  
b  9  1 N* k ME  ¿&a   '9  mBE 1 %Y  *I (4 lY) 3 
0 ¬/  c  0 A  , 3 *4  e @?, 
' /  .  *YZ0 GK =2 *  =U '  ;f

26

http://www.sensorysoftware.com/software/prototype
http://www.donjohnston.com/pdf/cow1005.pdf
28
http://www.imgpresents.com/onscreen/onscreen.htm
27

20

Personal Digital Assistant - ) 9MK  /*   2E  G 5VBZ  e @?, 
' / 0 ƒx B

.(PDA 
N* k H9Z vMK  =)  GBE) ¤: ™ 0 yH J > ME' >m/0 12 H2 74 N* q >m/  E  0
1 N* k MEN _2 ƒ9f 1 vMK  N* q >m/6 1¢ .;f =| 1˜ vN ok  4  *' ¨
 , 2 ƒYZ .w*:0 * ;f _2 ÁH O2k ;t' L {ˆ N  *  _2 ^*' Z *h =Z 
Z (Pegasus mobile notetaker30) ¬B 1 G(   
A  (Logitech29) /*  Q  yH >m/0
.(٥) GK   

*h ‹ w¡ 1 N* k MEN 1)VM W* k yH  / 1 G(   

) :٥ 45

[A  \
  
3 :Z I 03 
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A W' 2 ٣٠ 1 *YZ0 G/   .H46 12 T * 

>2 GK .(graphic organizer) *  U   (concept map) )*&  g8*e GY %YZ E (map

29
30

http://www.logitech.com/index.cfm/products/categories/DE/EN,CRID=1549
http://www.scanningpens.co.uk/product_info.php?products_id=82

21

J¼ 1 np +3q 1 O*&  1 h H9 3 np¥ ( H46 }*   ,?  g8*e T'
. 3 *U  =N 

0 L(  ¬H  GY 5*( w¡ vM    G gtM   H46 U   ,?  g8*e O*46 > ME) 
H    / .}*  Š ( O 2q  1)*:r J G   *E' /  .0 Z *p¡ GY nE w¡ 
* 7&4 .H  3*  SH / ^m: _2 O*4  ' 84 "  4 '   ,?  g8*e
0 
E (Institute for the Advancement of Research in Education IARE) •    *)t'  ,* 0
g8*e  p 1    *  U  > ME'     G8  24 ¬( (IARE, 2003) l2 lYˆ 1)*K2
` 5O6 `Ea    ¤*4 O)V  ,?  g8*e > M 2 '     Œ6 H  c8N *I0  ,? 
1 )    4    !" i& E  0 . ML ‚q 8&   H  O G3* #Ÿ 
Doyle, ) G)O HO  (Boyle and Weishaar, 1997) HK)  G) HO   (4 ƒ„ ?,  H 

1NH  >H HO   Z. ‹L  78*(  &  V)V'     !?  ,?  g8*e 84 (1999
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E)Hk 

3 c* l*:® *I ‘(  Ht  J 1  .(   /H  > M ,    ,?  g8*e šNq O ()*t  
0 2 L  ‘,?  #9  E   MZ !Hj }*<    ~   ,?  g8*e H _2 2E'
1p 1 .5*( w¡ vM' 0  O 2q  - Nm 7˜OZ6 ƒB  *:r ~   }*  O 2q
7K) 1  ,?  g8*e 9 (MindFull31) G4 ) cN* GY    !? l99:   B  @?,
_2 > ME `'   v89e *4'  > ML   +E cNT   72H {3 (E ) 78*(  *E  1
.  W)   9  _2 ;< 
31

http://sensorysoftware.co.uk/mindful.htm

22

:Ž   )   ()*t  NH(  ,?  g8*M f cT  VD vM' 1˜
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l Y )¡ Q)*a 
0 2 G)   2 ÁH O2k k ;t'   /H  g8*e _2 @ ¦  # u V @?, l ‰ t)*e )x
.2 tE m) ' 5* k  & %d Á*  *U' /

0 1˜  n     3N 1 y&'   H9   A*   *   
  3 He n ' : M N • 
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2 &   t)*e G‚ D & %d   
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0   4 /m H46 g* cT  @?, §E' {3 t)*e *   *4 v89e  VD : MI N • 
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7, ,%d 1 *YZ0    !" &' /   V 1  OH 4* GY ¤9  *)*a c*
H46 }*2 ok 4pq 9  5 0 w¡ 5*( nL Nk  2t  5 0 v  !<  §9  V
1 a   yH  > M ^m: _2   f ;E3 G &  HIk  5&:k 1˜ {ˆ &Ÿ )E¥
§E) t)*e 1 N*  MEN O    O*& J *Z Q ? t)*e _('  =ÁH Â D O&L Nk
ok )a 0 OH  cN*  *)* V, *h vN ok  3  G)a 0 ' 0 H46 U ' O2b
G)a cT  @?, ~ §' Q ? l8O 78* GK H46 Z O*&  GR&) / . )H  cN*  §8*h
.1)*:r _2 =p*2  =˜ ( 7EE' vN ok HA t<R t)*e

23

GZK _2 ;<  *4 *4' .6 ¤: GK    !" i&  &    JB  & V @?, T' 
4   * 5*(  H  9   E  iB   )*E    H ;t) !?  !O  7te 1)  
Sturm ) 
E)Hk1NH  >H HO =   ?,  .GB
]  0 
] O   1 Z”   ,?  t)*e wx  

* Q'  ;f > M 9  ,?  g8*e > M 4 NH/   (and Rankin-Erickson, 2002
.    1 
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0 Z w*:0 c* 1 5VBZ 0 (E cTZ  ,?  g8*e ¶”'
v  > M §E' cT   <4 .(Visio) )V4 4* cN*  2 *  < GZ 2O 4 *4' L U 
lHLO 1)*K2 ok 8Ãm 1) ,H0  %Z &' ) Z .!<  §9   :  G' L 1  * 

0 2* ;‚  ,?  g8*M cN* H: 2 ? .g8*e @?, 5KNq ™ ‹6  989:  SNk  (l)*0  
4 cT  #M4 Nq 3N 1 0 .,A¦ O*  n  O*&  %&' ()*t l  cNT  
)
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33

) Π )  32)V4 GY !HB  > Mm    Q' l 9:  Nq O    ~ 4

£ ok w¡ G)a VZ V 1 lO 2 *4' (t  @?4 .(Mind Manager34) * N )  (Genius 
V @?, 
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l Y OH #Z) w*:0  
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0 ¦ 1  7  ƒ„  )H*p
. )H 0 OH # ok  ,?  t)*e G)a

32

http://www.microsoft.com/Office/visio/
http://mindgenius.com
34
http://www.mindjet.com
33

24 

> Mm (Starthink37) Q H  (Kidspiration36) 1K)%A Z  (Inspiration35) 1K)TENk c* 
c* 0 .}*<  4Z    O x GK 9N < ok  ,?  t)*e G)a  : cT  @?, §'  .7  ƒ„
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x V 0  ‹ 0  c* 1  (    G8  1 %Y  *4' . ^ #1
  
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>‫( و '@)& ا? ا‬0.‫ ا‬ABC7‫ ا‬D)). ( .‫*)( و ا=زرار ا‬+,‫)ت ا‬./‫& ا‬0‫)  ا‬1‫( ا( ﺕ‬13,‫( ا‬4 ‫ام‬6738‫( ا‬9:‫ وا‬:٦ &'‫ا‬

35

http://www.inspiration.com
http://www.inspiration.com/productinfo/kidspiration
37
http://www.fishermarriott.com/thinkshe.htm
38
http://www.sensorysoftware.co.uk/mindful.htm
39
http://www.sensorysoftware.co.uk/speakoutV2.htm
40
http://www.premier-programming.com/calc/talkingcalc.htm
36

25

>m  _2 ^* 
HO cNT 4pbZ (MathTalk & Scientific Notebook41) (+  p)*  cN* *4)
;   > ( cNT  T) .>m  s)*+ 12    p)*  t9  LO ƒ:Ok > ME §) {ˆ 
G)* ok p)*  <9  G)Z  ( v89: !X lHLO ٤٤٠ O 3  @*
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4pq 0 N„ cT   O6 1 %Y  *4' 1  O*&  ƒ  12    1Y  U,  NE  (   ' /
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http://www.ldonline.org/indepth/technology : NE 

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http://www.ataccess.org
http://www.gatfl.org/ldguide/default.htm :( 

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41

http://www.metroplexvoice.com/products.htm

26

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0 ;‚ 1)?   (  ƒz  `9M lY       1 
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31

]?1
Bowser, G., Reed, P.R. (1995). Education TECH Points for Assisitve Technology Planning.
Journal of Special Education Technology, 12(4), 325-338.
IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (1997). 20 U.S.C. Part A, Section 602.
Available online at: [ http://www.ed.gov/IDEA/ ]
Buzan, T. (2005). The Ultimate Book of Mindmaps. London , UK: Harper Collins.
Boyle, J. R., & Weishaar, M. (1997). The Effects of Expert Generated vs Student-Generated
Cognitive Organizers on the Reading Comprehension of Students with Learning Disabilities.
Learning Disabilities Research and Practice, 12(4), 228-235.
Doyle, C.S. (1999). The Use of Graphic Organizers to Improve Comprehension of Learning
Disabled Students in Social Studies. Union, NJ: M.A. Research Project, Kean University. (ERIC
Document Reproduction Service No. ED427313).
IARE: Institute for the Advancement of Research in Education (2003). Graphic Organizers: A
Review of Scientifically Based Research. Available online at:
[http://www.inspiration.com/download/pdf/SBR_summary.pdf]
Sturm, J. (2002). Effects of Hand-Drawn and Computer-Generated Concept Mapping on the
Expository Writing of Middle School Students with Learning Disabilities. Learning Disabilities
Research and Practice, 17(2), 124-139.
Keates, A. (2002). Dyslexia and Information and Communications Technology. London, UK:
David Fulton Publishers.
Kintsh, A., DePaula, R. (2002). A Framework for the Adoption of Assistive Technology. Paper
presented at the SWAAC 2002: Supporting Learning through Assistive Technology, Winter
Park, Colorado, USA. Available online: [http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/clever/assets/pdf/akSWAAAC02.pdf]
Mitton, R. (1996). English Spelling and the Computer (Studies in Language and Linguistics).
London, UK: Addison Wesley Publishers.
Zabala, J. (1995). The SETT Framework: Critical Areas to Consider when Making Informed
Assistive Technology Decisions. Available online at:
[http://sweb.uky.edu/~jszaba0/SETTintro.html]

32

(Appendix)  G
.' <9 v  > ('   B  .(١) ƒ |
42

*E 

N*Nq h _2 J/

cNT   

1 ; 2 a "+b

$1700

http://www.sakhr.com

H9k

1800-2100

http://www.nattiq.com

*  ƒ,

2200-2500

http://www.nattiq.com

*  4N *

2000-1100

http://www.nattiq.com

ƒB Œ '

80

http://www.nattiq.com/arabic_pages/product_det.asp?pr_id=18

H )H !V)k

900

http://www.freedomsci.com

Jaws-Freedom Scientific 

1 ; 2 B a "+b

42

400

http://www.kurzweiledu.com

Kurzweil3000

600

http://www.aisquared.com/Products/zoomtextmrd/index.cfm

Zoomtext - Reader

Wz

http://www.browsealoud.com

Browsealoud 

( V¥ 60 /Wz

http://www.readplease.com

ReadPlease

110

http://www.sensorysoftware.com

Reader

149-199

http://www.colligo.us/Products/ReadText

ReadText

300

http:/donjohnston.com/catalog/rolsolo.htm

Read:Outloud

30

http://nextup.com

Textaloud

110

http://www.clarosoftware.com

WordRead

294

http://www.clarosoftware.com

ClaroRead

47

http://www.texthelp.com/page.asp?pg_id=1107

ScreenReader

257

http://www.texthelp.com/page.asp?pg_id=1063

Read&Write 8

587

http://www.texthelp.com/page.asp?pg_id=1071

Read&WriteGold

50

http://www.premier-programming.com/elib/etext_reader.htm

E-Text Reader

90

http://www.premier-programming.com/TWP/Talking%20Word%20Procesor.htm

Talking Word Processor

30

http://www.bytecool.com

CoolSpeech

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33

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N*Nq h _2 J/

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100-200

http://www.nuance.com/naturallyspeaking

Dragon Naturally Speaking

190805030

http://www.nuance.com/viavoice

IBM ViaVoice

Œ40 cN* J c 

http://www.microsoft.com/speech

Microsoft SR

.78mq §9  >('   B  .(٣) ƒ |
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N*Nq h _2 J/

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e  Wz *h

http://siraj.sakhr.com

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15

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™9  HŸ ¬/

100

http:// www.sakhr.com

Al-Qamoos ¬( 

60

http://www.ward-soft.com

Babylon 

1 ; 2 B a "+b
30-40

http://www.spellcatcher.com

Spell Catcher

325

www.donjohnston.com/catalog/

Cowriter

99

http://donjohnston.com/catalog/writeoutloud.htm

Write:Outloud

600  260

http://www.texthelp.com/

Read&Write

.  5 0   J/ >('   B  .(٤) ƒ |
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N*Nq h _2 J/

cNT 

$222

http://www.sensorysoftware.com/software/prototype

Prototype

325

http://www.donjohnston.com/pdf/cow1005.pdf

Cowriter

149

www.ahf-net.com/sooth.htm

SoothSayer

100

http://www.imgpresents.com/onscreen/onscreen.htm

Onscreen

34

. ,?  g8*e šNq 99M f cT  .(٥) ƒ |
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N*Nq h _2 J/

cNT 

$110

http://www.inspiration.com

Inspiration

70

http://www.inspiration.com/productinfo/kidspiration

Kidspiration

(Education)104

http://mindgenius.com

Mind Genius

110

http://www.mindjet.com

MindManager

45

http://www.fishermarriott.com/thinkshe.htm

StarThink

77

www.sensorysoftware.co.uk/mindful.htm

Mindfull

310

http://www.microsoft.com/Office/visio/

Visio

99

http://www.conceptdraw.com/mindmap

Mindmap

90 ($20 Jr)

http://mindmapperusa.com

Mindmapper & Jr

180

http://www.inclusive.co.uk/catalogue/acatalog/kidspark.html

Kidspark

99

http://visual-mind.com

Visual Mind

135

http://web.singnet.com.sg/~axon2000

Axon Idea Processor

Wz

http://freemind.sourceforge.net

Freemind

Wz

http://www.insilmaril.de/vym

View Your Mind

Wz

http://www.thinkgraph.com

ThinkGraph

35