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...•.. -t~2. 1 o fA ) (t+T) \-t \ 7fT . ~ t x (t) = [ ND+e: 1 J Itl<... = X(w) .:.[XltV) ] A[w) - 2~ ".. W'- ~[X{W)l cpLw) -0 0 = ~-(t) 2 a...eJ \11\ t~\S CCA<. T x (t-) . ..LL(t-T) Xl+) = T - 2 Srn'-'..1 .'2.\u.5 re~.e) ~C/ Re. a.) w T - .\-Va. 2.X(w) ~.

T ) ltl< T It\~ .dJ ) .ill.)(lw) --- IX(w)\ - xlt) z....Ct) o e-~~ttkt j T Xlw)::: ~ qtJ x(t) . I .c.

.TJ .w (' ~"" 'r ( ..••• X(". r SI.0)'" _-"J [ 2..-i\c) -. -..::.' "\ " '2. T1. ~Tlt>5(-"'t)Glt (T "l"j L .-~)~r 2Sh'\W fA) T -\-- 1. e' ...L.e .).St" t-wT) + J__ Tw1. 2- j _~~T] - [ e +e---... ~"'iT 2. ' e~wT . - .-. .(-wt)tlt - S\f\W 1.

.-w S'lnwT- 2. ""'-' + 2 T tV 1.= 2S\nwT --. \L--'\::_-.e..-. l \ ..\\. Tw'Z- X it) 1 t T " . c. Xlw). L 2 COSwT T w 7. J J Ca..

rier. T.\~ t 'lItj bot ~ k~ rc\ ~ ncl \~ v~ s e S£l~e. T.fo r "'"5 . types ot.Y--w 0.te Cj ('".5 --) Glee C\\Most +~e.~. e If f. F.+fa\ts~ i"'~ +c.. }~t .\.• 2i{ -4 • F.r- tret lit S .Co\4..J ex:.-}.rVtea frQVlS" for"" i"l to the. ~ e -~wt ..r-se .v.So i1Ae.(.r. CQ... 5d-t . \11~ .Fou...v t .\"-e.V\ . t:::"oun'e. J +ke_. +cC{\\st.t:{"'tP les o..) t rC( V\~ ~ ("\. F. "e SlDN +\Y\e.W\ \ \. T.' f>LLes are. . . inverse Fourier by: e~c.A l\ oftke exaW\p\es preceeol.V\ .. l Fou r ie.f- be f\. J Ow . . revers~ (\ ~ve. t use d t<. jV\ve_rs€..T.g r~tiot'l tee..nA a~c. .T tJVE~ _ L l \. set..

possi blf.~c\ +~e_ yCA. la#you.es "fue.V~ere. +'-0 tf\ ov\ e 5 +kft T «re lV\ the.ld use intej'rcttfon ly as a.Jf write.-t +V-c(_VlS'~ ~eeJ dowV\ \V\ tA.V\ ?tClc.n It ~ow leek.. 'reSort.. +~e fRo PER. IS 'fIC>+ . CoWt b i ~'<.TItS ..se properties to c.(. . kaVlje i~ 0.fteV\) "ee& ~ YDU tV'CtVlsfovM +~t neeJ a.. .to O"V\~ ( 0. clo(\'t a\\. - D.rt.. _ \. ClVlSWe-v: Ca'1 J\A..-t\Ce) et ~ we.. t-l{ b Ie ).€{"" -trC(~~ fo. of..( .(: tr-ttVl5 C( + ~ lsi +~e + b l e.we. .. 'Four. a./~ O( 'lV\te~rC{te 1-rc<vtS oY) to CO~Pll1e. -try to T~e-t\ ~.TASL~5 _ '!:. yM skol.\)a. +ttble) ike lI\ Can use -tke... h>uf\er ~QctJ tV-rA~S ~W\. ta..t tke Mll\n p rope. w..~ " (~ Y0\A. +orW\ YOL. revef'se_ -brW1 .b\e.

. ~ )C2...\. CS~ \ t--h' ~ d .. e!wt.. ~ .UTto =oll. spectt'1..} -01' Xl ..(: 1\)DT6 ~ ~. ~ ..) ~-- d- x{.) e t""to• Xl~)e -lwto := A Lw) e J J Sf> +i~e s~. ).) e.l Ol-U /)IJ :. f f\Gt.f-\- "''f\ +ke...tow . e at-ott r=. to "" ("x("')e-~""lutt.~ +ke~ X it-to ~ [~Lw) .i.tw\......... ~ X(w~ I x(t) <.. -: X (w) e~w~ QeD.. -tfIIII -~ oh. u ~t- S~i._ . \r~e_(lr r\Aase.~ l"Truc!.Lt) e_~w ott -~ QED.~ ~ tt\ ~ Xc (t) -~ e. 4~ 32.t T[~e.f+.~""t~ t + 41.ues tt..

. yit) ...T"e...ovH tt> s~.+~o "'1.€V\cy ttV\d S~i ~+"nj pY'Dper+y is U}eJ ct 0 fteV) (Vl ratX.'lUSI'C S"9ttGl1 X~) Lui-tlt ::> ..pre~c. TV fa.. J<.-hI'.. 1-ke S+qtiOV\ is ~lLS ({V\.Wo ~ ~ • no =.F re~ ~eV' ~'1. t-r-ctVl5ktiite("" do: ¥c'kl i e.::: t4 t.-WD) e ~'-U t V\ Iw JI.'o S:+-llti6t\. . PAGt 4.r.u... wkAtt +~e. Q55f31tec-( ~e1)LH?~cy Ctln. tr€£tu.W\ CO~W\\AV\ICC{t..wot '5 WD ea '(e~ ~r AM..tet'lcy tk - xlt) is a ft.. o-f WO) x(t) 4--' __.f X (t) ~ 3-~ X (w) ) tken e~wot X.J.-\ J [ V( 1\ w-Wo ) ] :: -zn \ ~ _¥ X (". . Fourier TrQ_wsfz:rWl _--"&__.r here.f+ '\b4>ebCt~dtl of- ptoJ up +0 +~ (ctrr-.(.li) 11:::--7 X{ IN -Wo ) \A z: k.( -rP ... d'. Sk( +.33 .cJ l(J -::..'ey- .

\ t -<10 - _let X (~ )."'W\e.rts (1) Q. t '" c. t ) J ::::t. COW\~i~'V\j po.[-t..V\ct := Cit)) ~ 1[XC(t)] Xl~)J "O-=/=. .C> .( t 1)e&iX('~)) at-c.t) e- I . (I>.. U) svppose tt7 O. j. ). X. SCct\iV\dI~ ~ x.(t)~j-)XLW). +~ T~e V\ 00 X{. (I>..

."'%.0 I'~} ~ ~ . we SC".0 tv :.V:: ~ ~ at:i"c.It-= et w tAll:::: tt W.:." 3.<{till -Pre~1.) NOTe : ~ y eoMhi OI..4 tlw ~"":. c:t ~t.. ~ U '=~ =- 41. Cl (..\elA (1 S ".t~ -n-toe P'brer1-le~.

ypo~eS\'SI I)(J we ~CAVe )((t) =' j-I [X(".) e~wt tAw tJ. . ..) ] = . w . (4aX () ::.?('oc-t ~ ~\II\Ce X (t) ~ 3-) Xlw) ~y h.iiJ ~~t- Xl".. 50 2 TL X t _J~ (kJ) e 5 '3::: -t tAw l d'3 s: -tlt- -OG T::' IAJ _ CIO '2 S'1V\wT tV )({t) -w .

. -fferet1tiC( t-r c¥\ 'X (t) ~ 3"7 X (0.Apl'(yi~ thIS profertl over Qn.OlA .~ft Di.-e~ we jet cl" X(f\~::7~ (\w)'" Xl"') I ~re$lAet'I? .. ~w l e~tVt ) J v.UX( .t.J [. 5«) X(w) [:te~ J dw .J :: .Jj if Pft-GE 4. t ( 00 . - J X{w)e)W dw 3 'i I>C' '".... -00 .es"SJ ~o J 11_) d dE.) -~ x("') ~L. t'l IVI .)oQ X z: ~ - f . t ) ())'\Ij OYle = itt.1 it ?Clt) <:. QfD.vv.---7 dW Xl£.. By hypoti.w)ei"'~t.37 . ::: &t ~ Z'1t\ f 27t I:i<J . )_ Proo~.T.J "()c::J I (the-res '-\.f~er~ti4..~ D..d over cit"') n -f..-V'I - - J .irt 5""' [ x&-» ] e ~wtJ~ ::]-'[iw X{JJ)J..i.f X(i) E 3-) X(w\H€f\ itX{t) ~ (f~ (f) z: :T'fXtwJJ J'I.1) J t~e.Xu.

~ t.tt -q' -flO ()E~ . . e-~.T l. x+( -~) ~ J --7 Wf'i X (t) * e..f : )((t) ~ J- »~ d" X lw) X *-(-w) x..A pplYih} -- r +~e.. (t) €--> j- X(W)) +-~e Y'\ ..l) :: £{ J: xlt)e-~'wtc!t 3 :.('x (te) [L.. 4. X-t( _.tIOV\ .\eN\CA/ W~ ~tf-f..38 ..-II> wv-i-te . )([c..-.)::: (x.. -<::I' :..e\f"ev\tta. ?AGt Q E:I)..:.tvc ~ '.rty n +: W\e S repeC{t~a(YI ~e. tf"€'6t.i' t ~t -0/) -\e t. ~ -t-o("" M w. h'OVl?('O pe.~ t)rl GnJ'lA:Ja. j{ xf(t)l.* it) e-~t Gtt .tJ .v ..

's o.) is ~. \5 €VeV\. reC(. ::It R~ [Xl"....) J + t &... -t f- I~ If Re[ X (.: > "t = -') x(t) IS rea. ~veV\ . eve"./so f~plies t~Cit ~(w) = -" Xl..ie SY"l¢tro'c.[ x'{:.....:.}] J"2 ~2..\ 'PClft T~e.v) {&.. f- [Xl.:..A.» cD. ~ T~. I. js 0 __.IJ -tkeVl X(w) ofptA r+ XCw) 0 IS cortju. IfN\AJI'VlAt''Y f Xl w) dol ..[)(("') J~"Z.) r' J r~ \ • ::j f Re [X(w) ::-... . Tke. Tkt's tt\1P"es \ X(-w) rket t A lw) = I Xlw) If'S 32.. - _.. \ )((t....

\ <" l~te~~' IJO \<:. 0 A lkJ) = I Xlw) I ..l~OLte. -= -~ S~)( it) ze s (-wt 00 )Jt + ~ 2_..t ) Jt = 50' )( Ct) lOS~-t ott .~t\S Yi\Il\\o\. Re(V\lI\W\e¥\deJ. ~f1~(( l5 -+4' then X(w) is £ \Ie".ry S-''Jlttd I 11en '.~140D Ettt X It) S-eco~ is . \u. ..s cl~ .\so rect\ ctV\d eVef\ J e\Je\!\.eJ Cl\\. 1lw) ~ ar~ XCw) ~)(erCi'Se ~ is evev\.cl If xl t) \ s a.eTy-\"(_ )(-f-l~) xt~ _. Jt xH)S\V\wt ~ero ~ J 1s o()cl) +~ reO\. '((w)~ ~ x. a.FI\L\" ~ \ t. teet\ . (DV\jl. x(t-) ()O . .f)tD < sin (-".{t) CoswtJt w~'c"'- 'IS -lO - . ~ ~<~ W) =: - 4 Re [Xlw) ~[Xl"') J J IS evew .x (t) ~(vJ) \S \S (A_ l>uxe\y \~4Si ~a.Y~J So X (t) $'" Lttt (Ay\e\.. S kow T~ IS.vo.

. ~koW lett\ aVlo.-t [Xli) + x (-t-) J t9'd f lClt)~r. . . I ~ and ~Yl o~d I: x (t}..¥'J ~eV\ 01\e.f~ft~erVV\O("e) XJ-w) =- r~ l+) loS l-wt ) at::: t ~ X.tt itS t~e. & x it)J + ttJ t f.\o.L :..t . 'F\fA"Y aM 0 < JJ01E. 'fta.'. SIMi\Ct(" ~~V\"'e. t-t) (()swt J. x..I =.'y tu\tl oclc.X l-t) 1 ".::..( W ) J 50 . a. o~a) X (w} is +~ctt 'c f )(l t-) t S ~\..t'~ ue.ly eo r Iii ell ~Ijll..J:".W\ of Qtl?vet\ Sfj .~ tid ~ _ R~c<tll tl. ~ Sf~M I :3- ~ 'W\l(. (CtV\. )((t-(r) &tx(tt.tr~lW\d~ . .\.: l [l( (+) .. St.t~Vly )((t) C''''l be lH.

1\ ?I?\ Y i"} tl. \"".. "" ..tocW' o~ )((t-) I we.e -tr.1-1f Q VlJ ~ "f 6') K. tXlt)~ J _ _ f(e [Xtwl] T~ J-.\[. ..CA Ii-ty " ('0 P~-\: Y to f1.()(( .to ctv\ ..Wtp\es 0+ 1\e properties ~ hove...&..e -trc..I 1 61 0 c ~ -~--..(" ~ ~ ~ .'2..t "... 1 .2b aotd 4.. o. ~llLt}~) ~ r ... . c:Jet" F(61) t -. l t- t J1 . ..1..I ..re... ) _.:: t)"\ jJL6. J . seen +-0. we Oerlveck 01'\ fa. "'flUe .::r l .'--- ---_..---- •.(t) ~ 1 ~ )3 J [ tf... •~ ._--------- _------"" fAGe 4.[ffJ. ..'.._ Tt\. ~ Now 50 !QMe 1 is tke IS t\..lllw 11 . [Xl:")] Fourle. .••.~es 4..42...\ ~ ' + J..? I VJe. e)(.e.k I>\j ~e. fwrie..lA.o. s~ "" ot ~~)((t-f).[~ + tM 'ix.r ~ So) ~ Re. -1_ [~ FOurier- ·h..Ok.

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Proof:

1 >'-.ltH'. [

Ch~It\~e. \lI\t~rf(. tl'O\'\

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4

.tdw ] d~ ~~h~:~!J~~..: 1i)'" [S: Xz(~) X.Fr e ~ lA.\ ~+~ OL ot..-(1) .= ~-p c:AtIt := ~ IV [}.l ""J.: tIt .X.(i-) +~eV\ va tt.._(~)X'(W-P) e~.) EC}>X. ("..eV\ ty ~ it x..t t ian ~ .If e ~wt v\w 1 PAGE 4/4b . X~{t)I..j-"Xl{"')) W= =- ~5:2~ -00 Jrv = c.

(w ) a.) tOd 12 dw_ -00 .P~r~evlA. _ OC) l:rr ~ I X(".l ForM\.'f'e - 1l\tej r~~ Ie) -00 Now.~~ x~) \<. J -¢If' CD I x (t)}2 d t z. S'~ \AO. J 7 X..\. ~ \ -tX (t) <E \'l .

.A...+ -fn)SI"wtJ. -tro.lns X(w) lOill Sr~ljna.~ VI..ft~ (If> .... perloo.f (+) ~o-t ~ero) 'fV\\15--\ ~e \1\ T\./SI C{)(\Tail\ a.) Conto.. (t) + Xp (+) ) w ""e~e -4 Xc. j _L ZT{ ~"te'f"4M) 5 _ J'M ::: J' (t ) ( t1.. -00 • <J' -flO \...~5 -P-olW'l Xlw) -::: 1[ ~(c)J CoV\+a\V'\ o.L lit f fill' (os"'tol .ur\er Oira.v-~ .. n.. Trans f.c.. ~er\oJ\'( _.'c: bintc:..f X (-t..1: lS \S p~ '(\'0 J rc ....c. tc of cf{t) .nj «t pen·oJ. <iI ~wttl) . :::-~Ir\ o~er coW\pof\e~tl won::l. ~eV\ l. xp l t) ..Xli) ::: 'J.--l:e('o (Dd. d.e 4..eltQS~ .. l-l) \S 0. w~ ~o....Before look. leTs de rive +~e FOurier +raVl~forM Reverse.e \+-ctS.S. + 'X..e..

J we. e~wo ~. ) o t o EX" App/ylnj the +re~tAency .)((t) 1 o f • t o EX: ApplYin~ ~e pC1{r.. J 7 2lt o(w-wo) .i < ~ xJt) l> 2.t 5~i f+'''j piDpe.dify ob+~... Th.e.V\ property +" ~e preceedr''''_j -h-nt\rfur~ ..1L s:. we- ~1A.+y get +(. preceedinj ex~W\p(e.

U$iftj r> +~e.E)(: - xl t):::: Co 5 Wo t.50 . tle resu. (illet{r-.'+yprope(+y ex~Wlp(~ at1d. X(wl~ 1[C05wot ]= 3-[ 1(eiwot+ e-i".cf [ t Co 0 ) ] X{w) t 7T' 7T' -Il10 0 "'0 PAGE 4.t [21l 6' ( ~ .ot) ] .\+ CJe t ~rOM the· Frec.1l [ 0 (w ){(-t ) - J + ~ [z n d' ( ~ + J tv wo) 'I.-k:1 [e)Wot J+ Wo ) ~ J [e-~wotJ LV 0 ) .e~dir'lj we.

u tWo) - :::...·t) J 't .±I [2li cf(ww.-wo)::0 ~ o(£O+Wo) ] TO(w+wo) ~ 1L 0' ( w Wo ) II d' (c.~X: ~ - 'xCt) =- S\"wot.zT [n ~ Toc...J...)J . ~\r) X(w) ~ j.~ } [e-~. ..e-~.II ~ [ocwtwo) ~ - J'(w-tvo) 1 x(t) o .~ J(e~~ot].[ r.·t J . t ] =- 1[zf (e~...

l t "0\1 S .. .. - -~ ~..v-o ( 0 (DS (-wt) ott + ~ )00 000 S1tt\ t s '" (-wt) Ji ckd \ttte«j Ol~) :: - ~ ~ 1)0 5'aV\ t su'\c.W\ ~e. t cl t S!l'Iw t cl t ::.J s~w~ .2:~ ~o"" be S'" c.ut 4 t -f!IJ ::.. Se~5e of 0.<.V\ SIr"•.ltl t . 0. 2.s~'" t t-e..:: .) .EX. Xli)=- s~"t ._) to" i+ c.~ \.. (~-tt " b&..o."V ~ / o ----1-1 t --..I t Jt .( -2/01 . Xi.'"" I I I .

V\-eari+y proper+y e x a VV\ v> Ie)· and.~ + t.. u_li:) =. 4-.o-t- t~ e.t iVi ~ ~a vt: .t 1.t. p 'Ce c e e c.[1.: J *:J ~ f' . u tt) I(t) lAlw) o t o F-! 1AC. Scan t -\ASIV\j +~e \.1l cf(~) + + ~ "} [Sd n. 53 .1 .tvOTE. ~e we result.

ul t) CDS WO t. (t) =:.J) +- .J · exe\) - E~} 'I. . ) 0 r.V\Gl Xz.) Lt ( t .~ r~t\0 n 'Pruper t y : x. \~ t e.. ) t XI ( r ) eft -0'" =) ~ XI (L.X.{t) <: s ~ X.ltv) o.. - Xl. (t)::.. r>.r.L"L)c. Tt W\e.lL.(t)-= -'i>" S t x. LkJ) f.EX. -00 . 'Xl L w) z: 1 Xl [ (t ) J = X I (~) u(w ) LTfcJ'(t.

0.4 [P(w-Wt1) 0 - O'(tv-two) ]+ w.e.c.t t I.. X{t):: U(t)SU1Wot.~wo t )] = ~- '.011 -+ ~t! ve +'lNle c).uo 2.. ~ It \ < J ~ - 2.erl've.JO z.EX: r' -.[X (i)] z: l. 1 :J X (w ) -= j..u it) 1i( e \ ~Wq t . - PPGE 4.\)e.) (' . {Wt.""ore -+r~IIsfor "'" ft!' r s +e tI.t.55 .

.'rae de-If-c. J X (I.. i(J:J [) . • +-~€-I\ )((..c part 'X'Il'erct)) __.tevql 51'jYltl( 'tU-} 'Part 50 -x.5"5 A ..( 'V) .Y Dlr~L d-e_ltt{~ IV\ Xlw).. rIA v.peylt)) be =.) of w \ \ I he...Whev\ do '\J.. per (f) avJ ~t ttVl ~t 'X[+) -= Xp~(-t) w/'ll + 'Xa. t fACr£" 4.iJtc.-(t)J pet' -. Ma. FOurier tr4n'-POf'w) X Lu) = J 1)( i)3 ( = j?(t(pe-t' f (t) + 'X (t-) ~ .a je. Yi ott.tS bCA.('e ""') I( tuVI Ate'llI s II Y. t\~ SkoLv u...perlod.:t p cr'oJic:. ~ovw\ 7 Sij ~a_\ I 4 '.) The...J1'X<tper-li-l) + J lXpe.. ~> tt pev..p \V\ +~e. v.H-".f I( (+) is .V'lj b '-'lt ((e.Je lAp ex:c\u St' ve_)j I.ely wiq ~ trp e riO t:lt'c_ s '5 MIJ +"'e VI ~ 8VJ.) For..rctL de\~s Four'i er -tlf'o.) ~'s"'- r vJof'dS) i-lAQ. a.'" D~e D 1'('4 L iiI\ deItct S ~ if ~('e IV') be ~~ .

. & D. () r t .IV\ t. ~ wheV\ a ~V\(+'aJ\ is D IY'a.'rete.~~ C(.. 1='9 t +cJ'[~-2.'sc ve-te ~Vl . ilia /"'111+ ~[tlJ 30'[t1j+ 2![~-ll ~ ••• f At T. de 1-6s._ 12 7 •• ~V'l A OS 'jl'let I fV1Q o~e 0\0 wta j".DIJ£L\ i+y lvttev-pre+a+iC+"'l..(lk of of (I~ .Y'\) !AJ here ff.of 30'l-t) + 2cf(t-l) r les are.. c.S IS P eV'lcd tc . t-~e otl1eY# + ..VI c!.tr ~.L deJ'r~~) '\J ~ M.l --t You om -To +/"iVt ~ k 0{ -rhi5 as 6 e.~j but If qS Cl eoltA I -b f1! xlt):: ells.1._e S tlHA -f'lAe vVefj It ts. + cJ' (f-2) 012 r 1t 3 2.C I" e_ te ~ V\ c+.-t'flj e 61.

'M ry +1).) +~e¥\ ~ [._Q rov'(ie r fyc._nI s S Od!\ __". Cl· oe. J\..c_ 1'''' r-t hP s t:l ptA re-ly the. ) -kAV\O~~Wo.per(t-) [tJOib: ei+~er pqr+ .... je»lemll --tv -rtdVlt<.--taVt t. a~j sl" .y -4 IV'.\f 'X L+-) d tscnte_ _....~ Cd '5·h "bu+rms) :::::) pi'r loej. 'I ilMf' 0 .) IS de Hus) . L VlutlA 1>1) buJ D I>'AL Je\+z.:.:. is pev-tocUC:.. IS per _::. .[ t) IS d ISeve +e. ex: -tv-Gt VIS torW'· says ~ is :. l.e¥O I VI S PM e CA Se-s J• -=? The apel". Ll'\otk. 0+ t1A i5 ~ -xL+) CaVl be tf"ouJ~t elf as kthliVlj a. I'\{) IS ~ ord. d ((.f l( ( .cJiC.l~11-1 pvoperty c>f \ -\:'ke.+ri bt-t+.~dif WI .'tM.".oJ u: pqrf 'Xpfl'l+) aVId .1 M r~~ J + L.. pe.oJiL fart +~t hAS tt fi... -z:.cJic par--t rx.'v-a.Vl) bvtr D.:tVl Clper.s') t\Aev1 XL .u(I'er frtlYlS-GrM •. .. V\[--T"cKI Dt(~ L -de I+.r. -->t j::-\- FOUf.

Four ier Coeffrctevits .AC+) .cJ -10 Tk~ we_fj~ts C)f.+s if ~"'-+: + ha v e.(_ t ~f ')((i) do es III rei( a Four-i er +ra W\{" tv rWl CCJt'\ ~. +~fA.'" &t Fourier serle) IVU-\-et:J d'f 't Fourier irl.per"od.S5D .J.I.\c:. D.- iftt teJ ('4/ " -fa le ~ or we Cat'! WY'I'+e. caV\ --} We de.9r.-tk.'c ~r-t of. Atlo-fter II\+erffe+'\+"~ of t~~s IS -t~e_ per. ----=I J:~ LVe do tl. cl t's fr.'rlCe rj R. fA&E 4.j.t-e.(C(c d~I~s ill\ ~€.) ~ e.{ Wle¥i ca_llj e-~lA._ et C{I\ ord. Q:..eMIH1~ i~+eJr.~ ~e_ series wi I l be_ y\ l.d'5+ribuf. -the.~1 t==ou{ter l"'t~f4I.' ~u tt'(J(\eJ.-t .::::.

Lk. - VJrrt-~iVlJ IMt D'rD..oLltlre-llII+atr .rlllflt.. a alfe. . thAt 'fltqr+ C:o('r-e5~<:' -m Is F~riod ...bul-r~ be flwj~tof as This ...t!e..t. 01'\ bret..~\s-.". ct dWl'\a porf 111 the o+her i" d?1N16/V) ~ tiS purely clidl".Ld7f:¥). pa~t co..V-e~ di~+r-.0) a..'e . de1k<:.. ~ A r=+ ~t tV' 'Is Q pl41'1e ~~ 0 tel c.) r X [IV) J it \V\to forts li'u.'V\ tt p\t:l\l\e olJ (ov-resp~~ S'bt-tOre - 'V'lte~~ble partert\t +0 tV'! t"'e.er se« \ -es . ~. Fou.. ~ C) IfIe.J . A 0 t~r dV\V\" IV\ . j el!\em_1 'X Lf.c Je /tal.Jr'c ~r+ 't\ +0 &{ pLlreJ~ t'lAe o+~er dUWl&"'~. ---7 A f4'f+ -+k+ 'SI\Of~iY)) Coy-y-esf'~S b~tl){i('q(_ IV) C'I'1e ~t</V1 pe4ric.'{. -9uVV:+iM Me_ .

fc.r"".> TAts IS CctlleJ -fVQVlStor'WI .:-.. FOurier dlsc.. d/screte' Fouf.k±b pencJ(c Y) ~ arJ Co\}er~ Tie other ~~.'er I-+ IS 1'10-+ tv" ""'''' i ~ Ily ~ TAe t( t/-.u&L\i1y Pibp€f+/ t>f ~e fvUfier trCtV\S'~I'1.± t~ese FOut"['e.~DFT.r ttlwaY5 pertacltc.:Scre.per.VWl. will see trlAh~~c.e__ bcoL Bsl Fou(..!f aI1()(i-+k~ ~ Cow!rL('h'~J ft. 1...C<I'f\) if VV\lJ. .S" will ~ke. SIJIlAI IS ~ tV\ a~ okscreJe 1"\ OV"\-e_ d.'er -frGl"s~w) CFFT) lOS -A. ~ C~tipterof 5 -trA lIIS.r.rete 'Si3"4.afe th:. we We..ls X.. LbFT} ftte.5t "ll~o Ie d. p~ 4··55F . CD ..Je-. ( .dle ® Wket'\ a..Fi~l ~W\ent5 ov'\ itte <E ~ DI'Scre+e Pe'ft"'odr(_ d.

e S -b... ~ reasoned.y th"t ~o+keYSoW\e itt of s"3".( S ..Jl.-l. be Clb\e +D I.v€ . .\(w) w\'e("e =) k C<J h(-c)e-~w'L dL) il'VlpLtlse reSpoflSe. 0 .sy whe_ Yl -to w{"'-\e..\'" eez h ~OWi\ WJ it w~s ea.We Wro-te ~ LW) on +0 r pCl~e -J 4.ld as \.t?tAf the t.·OVl 0+ o.SiS tx-- cA ve. s -On ?a.F~E~U. 5 e+ we f e\' en val (.tL o: P \et e ~pot'\ t\ ". _00 lt ) +ke.we. +he.ce.SC... J e Saw +h.y LSI +f Me s y <..3 W~S th e.neari+y ~ ~eV\ ar\ arbitrary baSIS eQ.(es.lS - -t~t t~ set of- 2 SIcJ""-)5 0. find the.ls +A.f The X (+) LvoS +0 in ptA.l t..L CST.d.He. +~e COW\ s'fs-+eW\ O'-ltpltt e-V) tke.c+o("!).. ou. W~ S'€ ~-eV\S€) +~e + iA.' &fnd_ (It) 1hen coW\V"S-it..~e ~) f. I~ p". SYSTEMS obServed o. 5istelVl ?AGr 4.~ily sys-~eM ~tJ"a.+e \4f\ +ke e\<j e V\ V ~ l\A.a.Conti V\ '" _ (.\ u e-Y\ O\.~T f.\So S~{)we. 1.. thctt) 5' e~'""? Lv erR t 1) Io.\\ e\JeV\+\A.t\eQr fkt\t) INri-t€ ~\'veY\ shou.rje Spctce lS Gtn " 0 rf'-'ol1o (_ lAp to r WIt:{ /1' bo.8~C'{ DOM"I~ DESCl?:tPTlblJ 0 F."t wa. .(l.V\c+\ons • o. f~~ t~\s e\~enva.

...\tpu:t yit) as ~ o.' c lA.\t X (t) ofc£>v\l\ple)( t.tlS. lV\ pt.d COM\~lex SiViUSOlcl «2Je.. H-Cw)..tre~ue w ~.u 0 lVl\.~ f-l. Grves +~t fe.~h (t) xlt) i {H} of ~y It) t~e.1.po~it.ll ~ow eQc'-".ts SC'l\eci QS It tcts~es +~rou._ respoY\se.f (Owtr\e)C It'~eCt("" CoW\. C>l. coVV\poSiTiot'\.c. - Vl:i res~se) FOuf'\e r traV\s-C'orM of .te systewt. . I ~ The.\(se. \"\tJ3ui~~. te\ ls co"voh-tt. ~(w) ( J.e e\~~nv~tues . 'II1r\'Pt. ~ i v es ~ e e \<] en V tt liA e SJ IS pre c i ~ et y ~ e."V\ SIW\USO.soi'ds.~et{ r' SIVlt. t"h. (AS +~~ + pr-oper4-y 'F6urfer +r~Vls fotW'l '((w) ~ expresses t~e. 4} t{ X( IV): ex presses +Lte.

1)0. ."t ) )( ( . \'L1 J terM (+) X L~.'.iWz.J)e )Wd~ ~ X (/AI) /-J (tAl). of ~~e te('W1~ 5J~-reM: e'JeYlVtflue w!"'e" 'jets tI-1'-tIf-I'p1iecl if 3f)(2~ -I-hrfJuJh fi... t-l) be'" j an X (t) is '\~pu_+ To aVl LTI.. Ic.t t'X (W..) e~w..t! )(("'-'3) e J CA'fe ~W3. .".( i dW dw X(+) = if\.3)e~w3t X (fAI:z.. of kJ b eirtj +~. s~s+~ ClV\e.e") 'W~er'\ • +~.. <t SU""1 j(f):: .) e ~. t co ".So we +~ l1li5 \.€') trr_5}lW)eJwfd YCN)::: z: {rr__l X(w)l-/cl.e Ot{ t-put . ~ At\J vJe ore +h.. -00 ..) e.) X (kJ)e oQO .) e~W2.'~kjV' of X (f-] c{s beiV'\j Gt 5"Uwt of j like X (Lu..~j of j (t) a s of all +"'~ -t-erWJI) .~ -Po~W'l.

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1/ iVl T£jlh \e 4-.VI+S A (l. L. ~ k vs aV\.TI.-~t!A It) I b ~ fR. lll\ (-l').)) .l£!i~ cOliVlple)( ) .I..e f'~r +-.. iV\to ~ SLlWl of +erWl5 ~t ~re a. e. ~ve.~ TO·.-~tu. '> 0 . ___" vv e. 2 ~ I A B +-'((IV)::' (4 + ~w)(b+ iw) . ti)) T"'e j~PLl+ 1<..J b+~kl ~ - ~ We.tlse. b '> 0) b =/=ct .~ The_ e1>u<...{() h<ts to ~old ~~ C"'OIC~S..t: fR.+y of WJ . +0 Solve ~r tIA~ COll\~-tC. SYS+eW\ wl+iA iilVlp.J B .~)<.~\ ~ r<=tM ioV'\ ey. h (+) ~ e. Co{ res p:mfe. P 'H'lS"i 0 V\ +0 '5{ WI plt'-+)I y(lo.. ck"..ces iV\c\t.'" [. -x a) z: a. u <.

+ e)( b -t e) --4 Solve - A C~*). A \ .---=.=-ct. avoid fi1(l r'+.JI~ 0+ co\lYtpfex arlt~~e.:h'(_ IN bj chooSiVlj 4 =- ~e +'or ~n arb.-orj () 6lR. car.F'y bo+~ s\'des 0+ ~*) .. L*-) 0l"I PA6G 4. We.H-.~+e a_+ e.58 then bu&Wt~ (a.5BA . EQ. t. ~e+ b-~ I ::.for- A A~d 8: ---7 To A) M".fc.:::6 ~-6 PAGE" 4. .~ (a-t~) e{V\j e\lt:(lu.

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V\~'ys.fy OlA W \\ct t t~e tpl. s-ys-\-eW\ \'s ~e or +~e.t- W\-th.e btt#le+feIJJ 'tlt +k~re \5 elec+r-Ow\C<ljll€+i'c.X: - 6t\ -th.T\tt\s OlA t Ceu\ (w) H (w ) .'s tiW\e prDbleW\ of (:\'~\.DeSi~" of an eY\e'lV\y LSI Sy's+e.t t dol. i os Q) IJtpa rf'~ +0 c. ' .... s.e'l\_c'1 proJ\.lc-t c\o'M.ft.V\ ). {re~ueVlcy '( t w) .. .Cq'V\) tv\e.Ir'\ th~ tte'b\A.r> ."ta. o"-+PlAt"t~e.(rr'~:1 ~re. . # W." LSI.e pre sence Q(rcra.. o.}O\\\~ convollAtlcn \11\ E.en a./s-\ew. e~er~ Y -Pre'f>l(e\l\Cies cv bet""e. 10 cJe+ec+ -tl.cttLy St'lN\pl. tv. < We < w '2.nd W-z.. =)( ~ \V\~u.l t IS for ~e ~ ~rve i\ iV\ pt. 0+ 0. ~e.

/ rQ. ~X: A +e.ler~ot\e_ \v\"rev.Je4 111. -powe-t'"" ~\\+-er to reWlOVe t-ke V\.The. Ae.\ lttl4)) I - -r~\I'S -type of ctpproac h \S IS \. O\At~\. by s~pply. bei ~~ tt roD o. .Ct(" Je+ecfo~s-. -l)es\~" ~ } h~e is +rtrM.ej rA.es.lt w~e~ +ke.ed \tlrje \LI\ lVlO"'ert'\ pc> It' ce eVte.f-erel\Le.r}.oi~~_ 1 H(w) . fs S'l)~eW\ p .ls.:M.eV\ t-.

5""f>?oSe. ...) _. sys~ t-\(IU) "'J..+~ ~e'6\Jucy re5'fO"\se X{". t\ 15 ~" L5I.T~€.s h\'j'" tfe~lA€V\C{-eS".eV\c('e5} btl t bloc l. S'fS~eW\ pctS5eS ~ow -C.e~ l).

[w) ?AG~ t}. }- ~I l ...'lit) h (t) =.{'3 .) .ency respcmse of ~ b(lV\df>~sS +'ilt--e-r: HLw) r"\4 ~_ W. (t ) \4 (~) = l~I (w) l~2. \ . ~.freov.~~- ?~SS ~~ \t-ey- ~ \+c".I I~'}.Pre tue\l\cy \e~?01'se 0+ a..~ (t) ~ t.

_ .l~) \Wl .. 'Jerse \ r- . ickt\+i+y sys+ewt) res ponre f (t)::.. a... (~) -- _ _.~ _.-J _L ex I 5 S.er\.... 6' (t) is s: ttnd hilS .._ . I" " {Go} ~t: t. Lw J t H (w) 2- )C(tl iffi I .. ... t._ ~' .I t1 \ v\'tlS = 4(_" f. G(w} .Th..""'tt(. ) f> ~Gt ' '+ 4 I b..h(+)= ~l{t}+hz..p.lse +~e.~ . .) J [eJ'l t) J "" 1.net'! Fe. F I'~pu.lt) \{ Lw) -=- l-\.. __ > I x.

._ ... J l t-) ~) d- t: ("'-1) =- y( '<J) 6 It.."X(t) --I ~t® tl-t J ~. \ _ :iit) -- .) 'j(t) :: [~(t).J)::: y (w) X{~) = . _------ - * _.v) + Ylw) (.{w) '((&oJ) I-U~"V)::: )( (w) H(w J [i+6lwJHlw)]::: F{t. ~ (t):: J (t) .--- -- - - - "'t I ~ J I l.r..J) (-4f.2lt)]"* h Li-) ~ d-~ pl\J_~ It') (-t): Y(w):: [Xlw)- ll~J] Hlw) Y(IV) = [X(IN)-YcwJGcwnHLvv) '((w) = X (w)Hlw) -Ylt-J)GLtv)HLw) Xlw) HCw) Y{..

..0-T I . h Q ve '/ (~w)2.fc.V+2.Yt".l Hll. [qlV)"l..T~e..IIIj fVIe_ h~?u_t<.To.:: ~1..) f 4JI-U Yew) + 3Ylw) jwX(wJ+2X{tv) ~1.V~3 )Cw+ IJ .f~tJ4' J( ( e~lUltl~ j" (..r V"I S 01'\ e.+4JI.-L._ 9-+-1 B A= e+ 9+ 2 I 1 9=-3 - 1- 2- B:: 0+19+3 j 9~-' == 11"2- l 2 ~ l~) i~""'3 + '/z.()1. d '&. 0\1\ s . k.f:) + 4J' (.. 9.e respon~e FOlJri er h ( t ). i~VL.. (et~)(e~l) - A 9+3 -I -2- . bo +t.=: (f) + 2 X (tJ F i.oJ-t2 .+4J&.J) +3J Y(w) .f:) + 3:J (t).~r+i~\ 'FV'Ct (1-..= [~'wT2J X(w) _ = Y{LY) X (IV) (~"v)7. s t'de S =" IIJ +ro..I+3 .t_ t 1: it) 4Vtd OLL+rut 'j L t) o--t- CL V} LT I_ Sysfelvl H Me relRted 't>:J N di f.J .V1s.

'vu b T hle: .r+1~' Fr-c:.. ?rece.EX: For w~ +~e_ ~e.t.: .(9+3) - B :: -/ +2 --f _-- +3 - - 1. (e+ 1)1. X (IoU) .. 1~ J e- OlA+pt.~ ~ "X H·):: \V\~+ \~ ~ .eJIYtj e'i4tw\ P'~j -9-.!j if ) t IA tiL '"'-I fa.._(+"GV\ S" 9 +L. 2- ----'> .t.

0(1 de IN il! I VloVe. St'de~ CD IVllAl+i pl~ bj LtH-I)1.'de 51 will ~aue_ ~ 0+1) Gl '\ 1111 tf.\. ~ The. ~ fl.+ill ili\ ~e..i's 1/ TerWl b~ S t'c1e.. 6 / rev-WI wl'lI be ~OVIe.leT/) rijkf 51'deI / ~ T~e_ . 51'des a.iiI1 @ To-....tlL!ttte bot'" S?[Lt..r: --) T"'e. {8-t.t 9-= -I To fJe+- t:{ THIS STRATE6 Y AUtlAY5 i-VoRk5. t"'5ht w i~ nD e Ief+. ~ The.".. leH ~ deV\OW\ iV\ Ct+Df: s..J. (atl) '! r\~ ~ ~-h.( al'\d 0-" \\ A IS 1i~-e. 5.+fon +or A .II"" if\ {}.11'/1 s+lI/ hll ve... t a .e "c II fen. devto WI i~t:l +0 r -} 01'\ "'0 »e. "A l/tel'"Wl wi! I ro IfMjU" ~pve_ @ -/ e._ ~t ~ l{t0rCL h'. 5 . both. " C fer"" +/tIC. 11.~ ~ tr~tej'j ~r A..J.....te er-M Tke. Ev. - . ro .\::e Ie fhe Tlrte "VI. leAl Sick LVIII <.

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