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ESSENTIAL IDEA ----------------,

There are many different kinds of organisms. Scientists dassif~ organisms into groups called ~ingdoms. A kingdom is the largest division in classifying living things. Animals make up one kingdom. Plants make up another. Other organisms are divided into three more kingdoms.

Organisms in the fungi: kingdom can't make their own food. Fungi get their nutrients only from the soil and oth . plants. Mushrooms are fungi. The moneran kingdom includes all bacteria. Many bacteria are useful. Others can harm other organisms. Organisms in the moneran kingdom only have one cell. Most organisms in the pro1listl kingdom have only one cell. Protists are grouped together because they are unlike other kingdoms.
WHY IT MATTERS -------------------,

You are a member of the animal kingdom. Knowing how living things are alike and different can help you understand them better.

LIfE

SCIENCE:

CLASSIFYING LIVING THINGS:

KINGDOMS

STUDENT READING PAGE

~Olassifying Living Things: Kingdoms
PLANTS
There are more than 248,000 different species of plants. Plants have many cells and are the basic food, directly or indirectly, of almost all other forms of living things. Most plants can make their own food through the process of photosynthesis using the green material called chlorophyll. This material in the leaves absorbs light from the Sun. Plants use this energy to combine with water and carbon dioxide to produce food and oxygen. Plants are divided into two classes: non-flowering and flowering. Nonflowering plants include seaweeds, mosses, ferns, and green, red, and brown algae. Flowering plants include grasses, trees, shrubs, cacti, vegetables, fruits, and flowers of many types. Most plants are' unable to move, but they are carried by wind, water, and animals to many places.

ANIMAL9
There are about 1,000,000 known animal species, although scientists think there may be millions more as yet unknown. Most animals are mobile (able to move about) for some or all of their life cycle. Animals do not produce their own food. They either live on plants or on other animals that eat plants. About nine tenths of all animal species are invertebrates~animals without backbones. These include worms, sponges, spiders, snails, crabs, jellyfish, and at least 750,000 species of insects. There are more than 44,000 vertebrates-animals with backbones. These include fish, birds, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians,

VOCABULARY
fungi-organisms mobile-able similar to plants which don't make their own food bacteria and blue-green algae to move

monerans-single-celled

nucleus-a small area in a cell which contains genetic material

organism-a living thing
protists-single-celled amoebas, diatoms, and euglena

single cell-an

organism with only one cell
Science Investigations 24

species-a kind of plant or animal
#8965 Standards-Based ©TeacheT Creased Resources, Inc.

UNIT l-LIFE

SCIENCE:

CLASSIFYING LIVING THINGS:

KINGDOMS

STUDENTACTIVITY PAGE

What's What?
Directions: Label each of the living things on this page according to its kingdom: moneran, protist,
fungi, plant, or animal. Use a dictionary to help you with unfamiliar words, and use the Internet to help you research the correct kingdom. whale bacteria ladybug

fern

spider

lobster

penguin

amoeba

tiger

green algae

blue-green algae

salmon

jellyfish

mildew

earthworm

moss

cockroach

starfish

mushroom

rose

diatom

frog

oak tree

daisy

rabbit

cactus

euglena

pine tree

butterfly

slime mold

fdTeacher Created Resources, Inc.

25

#8965 Standards-Based

Science Investigations

UNIT I-LIFE

SCIENCE: CLASSIFYING LIVING THINGS:

KINGDOMS

STUDENT ACTIVITY PAGE

What Is It?
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Materials
• bones • skin and hair fragments • pond water with specimens • leaves, bark; stems, flowers • mushrooms and similar growths • small garden creatures, such as bugs, worms, snails, etc.

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Directions
1. Gather as many specimens as you can find, living or dead. Collect bones, lawn mushrooms, bugs and small garden creatures, hair, webs, skin fragments, leaves, stems, roots, flowers, pond water or other stagnant water with specimens in it, and similar materials. 2. Draw a sketch of each specimen you have found and then describe each specimen. 3. Label each of the specimens you collected according to its kingdom: moneran, protist, fungi, plant, or animal.
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Specimen #1 Sketch

Specimen #2 Sketch

Description:

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Description: ~~~

~

_

Ringdom: Specimen #3 Sketch

_

Ringdom: Specimen #4 Sketch

__

Description: ~

_

Description: __

~~

__

Kingdom:
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--------+--------------~----..... .
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Kingdom:

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Specimen #5
Sketch

Specimen #6 Sketch

I Description: I

II

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_

I Description:~~~~

_

Kingdom: ----------------------Science Investigations

Ringdom:
26

~~

__
©Teacher Created Resources, Inc.

#8965 Standards-Based -

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