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30 UNIT

BROKEN-OUT AND PARTIAL SECTIONS


Broken -our and partia l sec tions are used to show certain intern al and external featu res of an obj ect without drawin g another view, Figure 30-1. A break or cut ting-plane line indicat es where the sec tion is taken. On th e raise block, Assignmen t A-83M, two broken-out sections are shown in the front view, and on e broken -on t sec tion is sho wn in the left-side view. Although this method of showing a partial section is not com mo nly used , it is an accepted practice.

WEBS IN SECTION
The con ventional methods of representing a section of a part having webs or partitions are shown in Figure 30- 2. Altho ugh th e conventional meth ods are a violation of true projection , they are preferred over true projectio n becau se of clarity and ease in drawing.

RIBS IN SECTION
A tru e projection section view, Figure 30--3(A), would be misleading when the cutting plane passes longitudinally through the centre of a rib. To avoid this impression of solidity, a pre ferred section , not showing the ribs section-lined or crosshatched , is used . When there is an odd number of ribs, Figure 30-3 (B), the top rib is aligned with the bottom rib to show its true relationship with the hu b and flange. If the rib is not aligned or revolved, it app ears distorted on the section view and is misleading.

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EXA MPLE 1

EXA M PLE 2

(A) B RO K EN- OUT SE CT IO NS

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TR UE PROJ ECT ION (B) PAR T IAL S ECTION

PREFERRED ME THO DS

FIGURE 30-2 Conventional methods of sectioning FIGURE 30-1 Broken-out and partial sections
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