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Windows

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3. (Cause n Effect)

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:
(W.H.O.)
(impairment) ,
.


(disability) (.. ,
, ). (handicap)
,
.
,
(W.H.O. 1980).
, ( )

().
, .
,

,
.

,


/ , .
,

. , '
,

.

3
!

...

:
,
,


.


, .
, ,
,
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,
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, '

.
, ,

:
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,
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...
:

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4
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.
:
1)
.
2)
.
3) , , ,

.
4) ,

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5)

.

.



.
, :

, ..
, /

..

scooters,

,..
(talkers),
5

, ..
, , ,
.

,
.

. ,

(switch operated toys)
,

, , ,

.

.


, ,


.

(Rehabilitation Engineering Society of North America- RESNA)




.
(Aids for Daily Living)

, ,
.
6
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,
, , ,
...
(Augmentative Communication)

.
.

(,

PICS,

...),

,
, ,
.



. , ,
,

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7
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Switches


(input device),
( , )
(, ).
, , ,
trackball, , ,
.

Joystick

Trackball

IntelliKeys (concept keyboard )

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,
braille, , .

, ,
(keyguard),
.
(Environmental Control Units ECU)


, ,
on/off
(Velcro ).
(Mobility)
,
,

,
,

,
.

(Visual Aids)

(contrast), ,
.
, ,

/,

, , Braille,
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(
), .
,

, ,
.

, ,


.
,
.

. , ,
- (cause n effect)
,
.

(Positioning)



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, ,
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,
,
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,
, ...



,
.

WINDOWS

Windows 15
.
windows 95
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,
.
Windows
:

, , .


:

. ,
CTRL+P,
(CTRL, ALT SHIFT) Windows
.

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,

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,
. ,

, ,
.

,

.
,

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, .
:
.
,
(CAPS LOCK, NUM LOCK SCROLL
LOCK).
.

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.
,
.

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.

.
,
NUM
LOCK.

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,

. ,
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,
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.

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joystick



.
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.


.

:
1) /



.

The Grid
The Grid Sensory Software
Windows
,
(pointing devices).

Grid :


18

,
..
.
,
,
.
/

.
The Grid
.. .
The Grid :
, , , .

()

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2) /
,

-,
. ,
multimedia , ,
.

)

, ,


.

)
,

(..

.)
,
.
The Switch Connection
Switch Connection 6
1 2 .
,
.
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,
, .

Switch Connection

(..
-, .)
3) (Cause n Effect)
/
.
.
,
, / ,
.
Switch on Original

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To Switch on Original
. (
- ) ,
-. ,
,
.

.


..
. , ,
, ,
, .
.. ,
,
. ,
,
: ( ,
) .

,

,
(, , ).
,
( , ),
.
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(screening)

,
(
...)

( ). ,
,
.
, .
,
. ( )

( control site).
,
(
, ,
, ).

( )

. ,

, ,

.


.
,
,

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,

.
.
,
(state of the art) .

(programmed instruction)
(teaching machines).
,
(Behavior therapy).
, ,
..

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!

(1970-1980)
,
(hardware)

.
(Drill and Practice)

(DOS)
.


,
.


.

.
.

- (
)
( ).

,

.


.
.

.
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!


.

(Computer Based Assessment),

.



. sites:

on-line
,

software.

:
Ability Magazine British Computer Society Disability Group
.
http://www.abilitymagazine.org.uk.
Ability Web - . http://www.ability.org/.
Ability-UK.http://www.ability-uk.org.
Ace Centre North.http://www.ace-north.org.uk.
Assistive Technology On-Line
. http://www.asel.udel.edu/.
, .
http://www.assistive.co.uk.
Electric Wheelchairs at The Wheelchair Site
. http://www.thewheelchairsite.com.
Widgit Software -
. http://www.widgit.com/.
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Makaton .
http://www.makaton.mta.ca/.
Microsoft Accessibility Page Microsoft
/.
http://www.microsoft.com/enable/.
R J Cooper R J Cooper
.
http://www.rjcooper.com.
Trace Centre
. http://trace.wisc.edu.
Web Site Accessibility Guidelines
. http://trace.wisc.edu.
AbilityNet .

. http://www.abilitynet.co.uk
Robert W. Lawler
, , .
http://robertw.lawler.us/

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New York State Education Department, Guidelines on Assistive


Technology Devices and Services to Students with Disabilities Ages 321:
Planning and Implementation Manual for Educators and Providers in New
York State, 1995.

RESNA,

Assistive

Technology

and

the

Individualized

Education

Program., Washington, DC: RESNA Technical Assistance Program, April


1992.

Beverly K. Bain, Dawn Leger, Assistive Technology: An Interdisciplinary


Approach, Churchill Livingstone, 1997.

Cook A., M., Hussey S. M. ,Assistive Technologies: Principles and


practice., Mosby, New York, 2000

., ., .
, , 2002

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