Los Angeles Cadet Squadron r 38, U.S.

Air Force Auxiliary - Civil Air Patrol (PCR-CA-292)
COMMANDER'S COLUMN We start each new year with high hopes and expectations. Each year, we set a number of goals for the squadron. If all of us take careful aim at these goals then work together as a squadron, we can hit each target ooe b ooe. Every member--officer, cadet, cadet spoosor and family-is vital. Sometimes it takes a concerted effort, and requires everyone to make a single, big push. Other times it may require many members working individually on several small parts of the overall goal, at different times or different places. In either case we need to support and encourage each other in achieving these goals. There s no possible reasoo to erect roadblocks or sabotage another member. We need to enable our teammates to do their job, not discourage them. By working together for our common goals we all win. Are we aiming for lofty goals. Of course. Are they difficult or unattainable? Perhaps. But if we don t even aim, if we don't even try, we lose simply by not trying. And what ifwe aim and miss? It's going to happen sometimes. But \I e mustn t get discouraged if don't hit a target on the first try. We rna have to step back, pause and take a deep breath, and reevaluate the situation. Was the target clear to everyone? Was everyone working together? Did we have enough time? Did we have the necessary resources? Then its time to take careful aim and try again. There ma not be a loud resounding 'tbunk when we reach a particular goal. There may not be satisfying collective ah ha!" 1t may be subtler than that. But we do try to take a moment to recognize each goal as we achieve it, and thank either individual members or the team as a whole who made it possible. By working together and hitting that target, we all win. Once we hit our target, it's time to aim for another one higher and further away. And then another and another. We need to keep challenging ourselves, both individually and as a squadron. That s how we grow and
improve.

PROMOTIONS Several cadets earned well-deserved promotions this quarter. Jackie Lopez was promoted to Cadet First Lieutenant. Promoted to Cadet were Blanca Contreras, Joshua Feng, Cristal Ibarra. Rosalba lba rra, Channett Ruiz, Steffen Shilling, Ariana Velasquez athan Velasquez and Nicholas Wilson. Congratulations to all!

Ad a 'fro per opera

TEAM
Together Everyone Achieves More

NEWMEM8ERS This quarter we welcome Steffen Shilling as our newest cadet member. Cadet Shilling is a former member of the Chosan YOWlgMarines. We'd also like to welcome lstlz Todd Hulsey, USAFR, our new Reserve Assistance Officer. Lieutenant Hulsey, who visited our regular Wednesday meeting on 1 March, is a former Civil Air Patrol cadet. He served in both the Marine Corps and Air Force before receiving his commission. Welcome to the Squadron 138 family!

First Quarter 2000

Squadron J 38 Update COLOR GUARD COMPETmON Los Angeles Group I held its annual color guard competition on Saturday, 8 January, at Santa Monica Airport. Color guards from Cloverfield Composite Squadron 51 and Beach Cities Cadet Squadroo 107 competed in uniform inspection, a mile run, a written test of aerospace knowledge and a color guard routine. Judges for the event were CoL.Grant Ferris and Maj. Dana Siegel, Air Force Reserve Assistance Officers. The color guard from Beach Cities Cadet Squadroo 107 racked up the highest overall score and won the daylong competition. On the sidelines, four members from Squadron 138 joined other spectators to cheer on the competing color guards: LtCol Charles Wiest, Cl2LT Anthony Rios, C/SrAmn Stephanie Mherian and CIB Hector Moreno. California Wing held its annual color guard competition 26-27 February at Camp San Luis Obispo during the annual Cadet Programs Conference. The two-day competition was won by San Diego Composite Squadron 77.

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turallosses. The winter storms of 1995 and 1997 combined to cause 36 deaths and more than $3 billion in property losses. Each rainstorm. no matter how small, causes problems if you re not prepared for the rapidly changing conditions. Here are a few safety tips for the wet weather: Avoid unnecessary trips. If you have to drive in the rain drive safely! Slow down and allow extra distance between you and the car ahead. • Do
not

walk or drive through moving water.

• Stay away from streams rivers flood control channels and other areas subject to sudden flooding. • Move to higher ground if rising waters catch you. • Abandon your car immediately if it stalls in rising water. Seek higher ground Attempts to move stalled vehicles have caused many deaths. • Walk carefully on wet surfaces. It may be tempting to run to avoid getting wet, but you just might slip on a very slippery surface. Tile floors, in particular, are slippery when wet.

22 February 1978 - the U.S. Air Force launches Navstar into orbit. the first of Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) system.
RIVERSIDE AIR SHOW At the Riverside Air Show on Saturday, 25 March, there were two main jobs that the CAP had to do including flightline and parking. There were five flights of cadets at the sbow and Squadron 138 had at least two cadets in every flight. That made Squadron 138 the most represented squadron there. There were many planes on display. from a T-34 to an A-lO. There was also an F-117 fly-by, two demonstrations from the US Army's Golden Knights parachute team. There was a race between a Jet Car and a GeeBee race p lane. And lastly a F-16 fl -by and demo of not onJy speed but also its vertical climb ability. This is the third year that Squadron 138 has supported the annual air sbow, and the largest turnout so far of our officers, cadets and family members. A total of 17 members from Squadron 138 participated: LtCol Charles Wiest, LtCol Evan Zangenberg, Major Gamile Mberian Captain David Bowden, C/lLT Jackie Lopez, C/2LT Anthony Rios, ClSSgt Steven Marks, C/SrAmn Stephanie Mherian, Cadets David Bowden, Joshua Fens, Vmcent Guerra Channett Ruiz, Steffan Shilling, Ariana Velasquez, athan Velasquez, Nicholas Wilson and CIB Manuel Padilla. Thanks to the parents who helped drive: Mr. and Mrs. Acosta Mr. and Mrs. Shilling, Mr. and Mrs. Velazquez. Thanks to all the Cadets and Senior Members who participated in the show and helped make it a big hit.
gt tephen Marks

n RAINS IN CAUFORNIAI
Over the last two years the EI Nino phenomenon brought record rainfall to many California cities. It also caused 17 deaths and more than $550 million in property losses in 1998 alone. El Nino may have come and gone for now but that doesn't mean. Californians can put away their rain gear. Even in an average year, severe storms can cause flash floods, contaminate the drinking water supply; disrupt electrical service, and damage homes and their contents. Storms an also strand individuals nea r or crossing streams, rivers flood control channels and street intersections. In the past 25 years, winter storms have claimed the lives of 103 residents caused approximately 600 injuries and more than $61 billion in property and agricul-

Page 3 EMERGENCY SERVICES CLASS On 6 February, five cadets went to Santa Man.ica Airport for a class on Emergency Services (part I). First Lieutenant Thomas Hoebink and ClCapt. Michael Flores taught the class. It was very interesting. Attending the class were crrsgt Robert Hernandez crrsgt Steven Marks, and Cadets Blanca Contreras Ariana Velasquez and Nathan Velasquez. We learned what an ELT does what it stands for and aJso what frequency it transmits 00. ELT stands for Emergency Locator Transmitter. The civilian frequency that it transmits CIl is 121.500 MHz and the military frequency that it transmits CIl is 243.000 MHz. We also learned what an EPlRB is and what frequency it transmits on. EPIRB stands for Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon. An EPIRB transmits OIl 406.000 MHz. Another thing that we learned is that AFRCC stands for Air Force Rescue Coordination Center. J am looking forward to the Emergency Services (part 2 class.
- odet Nathan ela quez

Patrol cadet. Besides attending lectures and activity workshops, BCS attendees also got an opportnnityto sharpen their drill movements and gain knowledge of tile customs and courtesies of Civil Air Patrol. For most new cadets, BCS is the first major activity outside of the squadron. 'adet Jo hua 'eng
COMMUNICATION

BASIC CADET SCHOOL

ine Squadron 138 members attended Basic Cadet School (BCS at March ARB in Riverside on 25-27 February. The school was jointly conducted by San Bernardino Cadet Squadron 3 J and Cloverfield Composite Squadron 51 and hosted by the 163rdAir Refueling Wing of the California Air ational Guard. Attending from Squadron 138 were Cadets Blanca Contreras Joshua Feng, Cristal Ibarra Luis Ibarra, Channett Ruiz, Steffen Shilling, Ariana Velasquez, Nathan Velasquez and icholas Wilson. Cadet Basic School is the first step in California Wing Cadet Program s Integrated leadership Program (lLP). Other schools include encampment, oncommissioned Officer School, Basic Cadet Officer School and Advanced Cadet Staff Course. While at BCS students got a chance to leam more 00 the broad history, organization and missions of CiviJ Air Patrol, as well as the responsibilities and discipline required of every Civil Air

How important communication is. Just a short while ago, we saw how important it was with a satellite called Mars Climate Surve or. This was a very big problem and cost millions of dollars. It turned out to be a simple mix-up of two different systems of measurement, standard and metric. One brilliant engineer plotted out the course, while another prepared the satellite to depart. TIley were both from different countries. Since these two measurements were different, the course of the satellite was off track when it arrived a Mars. This is a simple mistake of miscommunication that happens all too easily. There are many ways to improve communication' one way is to use more graphic and detailed words. This way, someone cannot picture anything else other than what you are trying to say. If the engineer would have used more detailed communication all of this could have easily been prevented. AJso, make sure that your listener knows what you are talking about by relating your stories to something you re sure the other person bas had an experience with. This wiLl make it a Jot easier for the listener to comprehend. If you say you took a plane ride this week, the listener might say, "Did they serve dinner?" They were picturing a Boeing 747 or some other kind of transcontinental airline. when you really meant that you bad one of your cadet orientatioo flights. This is a common mistake, and is referred to as miscommunication with the symbol and the things being symbolized.

Page 4
So the next time you want to make sure that you get your point across just use details and descriptions.

Squadron 138 Update
Two radar units aboard the shuttle are separated by a 200-foct graphite-epoxy and titanium mast, bui.1t by AE Able Engineering Co. Inc. of Goleta, California, at a cost of $8 million. The radar hardware is the largest rigid structure ever put out into space. At 200 feet, it would tower above the 151foot Statue of Liberty. The mast was uncoiled from its 56inch stowed Length in the shuttle cargo bay. That s the equivalent of pulling 7-foot, l-inch Lakers center Shaquille O'Neil out of a two-inch box, engineers said. "It s a pretty impressive-looking piece of machinery, said Paul Dye, project flight director. For the radar to work, the mast must remain extremely still, not moving more than an inch even as the shuttle fires its thrusters and orbits the planet. To accomplish this shuttle astronauts performed a tricky bit of piloting called "fly casting" -tumingthrusters on and offwith split-second timing to limit the swaying of the mast. A wrong move and the mast could have snapped at its base. The mapping mission collected so much data that it could not all be beamed down to earth.It was recorded on massive tapes aboard the shuttle that hold the equivalent of about 15,000 CDs.

LT Anthony Rios MASSING
OF THE COLORS

)

For almost 20 years, the 10• cal Sons of Liberty Chapter of ~I ~ hi~'"' the Sons of the American -.$'. .~ Revolution (SAR) has sponsored the annual George Wash- Ii: ington ommemorative Massing of the Colors to honor President Washington. This year, six members of Squadron 138 attended the ceremony at Forest Lawn Hollywood Hills on Sunday 20 February. Joining several hundred other participants at the ceremony were UCol Charles Wiest, Major Gamile Mherian, crrsgt Robert Hernandez, c/SSgt Steven Marks. C/ SrArrm Stephanie Mherian and Cadet Blanca Contreras.

t

~
1-

One highlight was a stirring patriotic speech by , General George Wasbingtoo". colorfully portrayed by the Rev. Gary Beards wearing an authentic copy of a colonial uniform. The centerpiece of the ceremony was colorful display of massed colors with color guards from throughout Southern California. Participating were many local units ofSoos of the American Revolution, Reserve Officer Training Corps, Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps, Civil Air Patrol, Sea Cadets, veterans and other patriotic groups. The massed color guards were reviewed by General Washington and BGen Ronald Flynn. Commanding General of the California State Military Reserve. The ceremony, shortened somewhat because of intermittent rain showers ended with a musket volley and the firing of a howitzer.

MAPPING

THE EARTH IN 3-D

For seven days in February, the space shuttle Endeavor bathed the Earth in radar beams, creating a 3-D image of the planet The mission covered 70-80% of the world s landmass , in the process producing over one trillion measurements of the earth's topography. 'We'U get a near-global snapshot of the face of the Earth," said Diane L. Evans director of the Earth Science Program at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, which is overseeing the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission for NASA • For some areas of the Earth, it will be the only map of its kind." Clouds often plague conventional aeriaJ photographs from planes or satellites. But according to Michael Kobrick, the project's lead scientist, 'Radar sees right through them."

The computer work required to piece the map together will take more than a year. The resulting map will have a resolution 000 meters, enough to easily make out local landmarks such as runways at LAX, the Rose Bowl, Dodger Stadium and even individual streets. Dozens of scientists will study the radar images to answer a variety of questions. They will be able to • Access global warming by looking at snow cover • Better understand mountain building by studying the rising Himalayas • See how much sediment is flowing into the oceans and affecting algae and plankton

-from an article thai appeared in The Los Angeles
Tunes. February 17, 2000

Squadron J 38 Update AEROSPACE EXCELLENCE PROGRAM Squadron 138 has enrolled in Civil Air Patrol s third annual Aerospace Excellence program. To complete the program and receive a plaque we must participate in si aerospace projects and one aerospace workshop before Jul . The purpose of the hands-co projects is to enrich and supplement our on-going aerospace education program in which every cadet participates. Major Gamile Mherian and Captain Dave Bowden, our aerospace instructor, are supervising the program.

Page 5
school math teacher, attended as a participan Each morning the ational Congress opened with a general assembly. In particular Homer Hick:um author of October Skies") and astronaut Douglas Wheelock were both impressive and inspirational speakers, and both were given standing ovations from the enthusiastic audience. The exhibit hall was crowded each day with eager participants. Exhibitors included NAS the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA), the Civil Air Patrol Supply Deport, Analytical Graphics the Air Line Pilots Association. and the San Diego Aerospace Museum. In the afternoon and evening. a wide variety of workshops and seminars tempted the participants. Colonel Wiest and Major Mherian both attended the Train-the- Trainer workshop, and felt it was very informative and useful for their work in Civil Air Patrol. AWARDS BANQUET Cable Composite Squadron 2 one of our local sister squadrons held its annual awards banquet at the Riverside Convention Center on Saturday evening, 4 March. Master of Ceremonies for the evening was Squadron 138 's own LtCoI Charles Wiest Eight members of Squadron 138 also eojoyed the banquet. WANTED: A FEW GOOD We are activel seeking aviation-minded people eager and willing to help both themselves and their oommunity. Positive attttud, a must! Must be at least 11 years old and enrolled in the 6th grade to be coosidered for cadet membership and at least 18 years of age for consideration as senior member See the squadron commander for the full details. MEM8ERS

Cadets have alread completed the first three projects for the program. In January cadets divided into small groups to solve an exercise on lunar survival. A paper airplane laboratory was February's project; cadets learned about aircraft controls by folding paper airplanes. The meeting ended with a mass takeoff of over 1 paper airplanes (see photo). Cadet Sponsor Member Robert Marks worked as the air traffic controller. In March cadets assembled models of the Cassini spacecraft from cardboard. NATIONAL CONGRESS MEETS The ational Congress 00 AViation and Space Education ASE) was beld I -18 March at the Town and ountry Hotel in San Diego. The atianal ongress is the premiere aerospace education conference in the United States each year, and drew over 750 participants from throughout the nation. Originally joint! sponsored by the atianal Air and Space Administration (NAS ,Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and Civil Air Patrol, the ational Congress is now sponsored entirely b Civil Air Patrol. LtCol Charles Wiest, Major Gamile Mherian and CI SrAmn Stephanie Mherian were among the many Civil Air Patrol members from California Wmg and other wings attending the congress. Major Mherian, In her role as a high

Squadron 138 Update

Page 6
deputy commander. "His love and knowledge of aviation has helped motivate all our members." Captain Bowden, assigned to Los Alamitos Glider and BaJJoon Squadron 41 is a private pilot in power aircraft, gliders and balloons, and is a Certified Flight Instructor Glider. For the past year and a half. since his son David joined Squadron 138 as a cadet, Captain Bowden has been gracious enough to share some of this knowledge with our cadets during his twice-monthly aero.. . space education classes at Squadron 138. He's also actively flown many of our cadets in California Wing s gliders.
I

Lostyour membership card? Contact UCoI Evan langenberg. the squadron personnel officer, Jo request a replacement.
CABLE AIR SHOW On Sunday 9 January 9 six members of Squadron 138 went to Cable Airport to assist Cable Composite Squadron 25 in the annuaJ Cable Air Show. Among the participants were Cl2m Lt.. Anthony Rios C/SrAmn Joim Colon, Jannett Garcia and Stephanie Mherian. These cadets helped on the flight line and parking patrol. The wonderfuJ and health meals were served by Lt. Cols Evan Zangenberg and Charles Wiest. Squadron 138 has helped Squadron 25 and the air show for the last five years. This year over 30 Civil Air Patrol members supported the two-day air show. Among other squadrons participating were EI Monte Composite Squadron 21, Brackett Composite Squadron 64 and Los Alamitos adet Squadron 153.
-Major amile Mherian

NAVIGATION CLASS Captain David Bowden, our aerospace education officer, is currentl teaching our cadets about aeronautical sectional charts and navigation. Using donated charts this hands-on instruction includes practice in reading charts, and plotting a course between two airports. The classes supplement the material in the cadets' regular aerospace textbook, Aerospace: The Flight of Dis overy. Dave is a very special member of the Squadron 138 famil 'said Major Gamile Mherian,

CADET UNIFORM ISSUE Beginning I April, new cadets joining Civil Air Patrol will have an opportunity to receive a basic blue service uniform at no cost to them. This includes shirt, paots, belt, shoes and hat. Cadets will still be responsible to purchase the basic accessories name plate cutouts wing patch and hat device). The Cadet Programs Directorate at National Headquarters has arranged the program. The uniforms are not 'free", just free to the new cadets. The Air Force has earmarked appro imately $600,000 for this program. The program begins 1 April and will continue until 31 August, or when the funds run out. National Headquarters estimates that approximately 6 000 new cadets will join during this period. In the proposed procedures a uniform voucher wiJl be mailed to the new cadet with his or her membership card. The vouchers will require the cadet s signature as weJJ as that of the parent and squadron commander agreeing to the terms of issue: • TIle uniform belongs to Civil Air Patrol, not the cadet. • Cadets may retain the uniform as long as they are current members of Civil Air Patrol even if they move. • Uniforms will not be sold. • Units will not use the uniforms for incentives.' Squadron commanders must make every reasonable effort to retrieve the uniform when the cadet is no longer active in the program. • Commanders may use the returned uniform items for other cadets in the unit. • Squadron commanders will maintain accountability of the uniforms with records that are available for audit.

Page 7
school clubs and programs, Civil Air Patrol. He credits him. His best advice: get to nominate eligible candidates

Squadron J 38 Update
as well as extracurricular programs such as his Civil Air Patrol membership with helping know your congressional representatives who to the service academies.

FORMER CADET VISITS
Former Squadron 138 member cadet Eddie Contreras visited our squadron meeting on 9 February and talked to the members about his job and experience in the United States Air Force. Senior Airman Contreras, an F-16 avionics specialist, just returned from an assignment in Japan, and is on his way to his new assignment at Nellis AFB, Nevada.

ACADEMY-BOUND
Cadet Joshua Feng has just received an appointment to the United States Air Force Academy as a member of the Class of 2004. His appointment is still conditional on passing the physical examination and once he clears that last hurtle he will report to the Academy in June. After four rigorous years, he will be commissioned as a second Lieutenant in June 2004. The Air Force Academy is located near Colorado Springs Colorado. According to Cadet Feng the application process is long and involved. He was accepted on his second attempt. The Air Force Academ admissions officers are looking for excellent grades participation in athletics involvement in

Help Wanted! Squadron 138 is actively seeking a Safety Officer to
join our staff. He reports directly to the squadron commander and belps insure that we conduct every meeting and squadron activity under safe conditions. The cadet safety officer assists him as necessary. The Safety Officer is also responsible for presenting a monthly safety briefing for all members preparing a quarterly safety report and conducting an annual safety survey. See the squadron commander for more information.

April 9- J 5 ;s National Volunteer Recognition Week
UP IN

DON'T MISS THESE ACTIVITIES

COMING

2000

9 April - Glider Flights AFRC Los Alamitos 15 April - Helicopter Day AFRC Los Alamitos 30 April - tour of March Field Museum 6 May - Group I Spartan Field Day

6 May - Levell. Senior Member Orientation Course a 29 Ma - Memorial Day ceremonies (Live Oak Memorial Park and Forest Lawn
3-4 June - Commander s School, West Covina 24-25 June- Van Nuys Air Expo 5-13 August - California Wmg Encampment Camp San Luis Obispo

ovina Hills

5 August - Levell Senior Member Orientation Course and Cadet Protection Program, Santa Monica 6 August - Emergency Services (part J) class Santa Monica 8-10 September4 California Wing Conference Concord 7-8 October - Chino Air Show ovember - Levell Senior Member Orientation Course and Cadet Protection Program, West Covina ovember - Emergency Services (part J) class, West Covina

5

First Quarter 2000. 'Squadron 13 Update" is published quarterl b Los Angele Cadet quadran 13 Civil Air Patrol United States Air Force Auxiliary, P.O. Box 4307 Santa Fe Springs, CA 90670. Squadron 13 meets each Wednesday from 7:00 to 9:30 PM at the Marine Corps Reserve Training Center 3 51 S. San Gabriel Ri er Parkwa Pico Ri era. For further information about Squadron 13 or Civil Air Patrol contact LtCal Charles Wiest at (714 962-1 77 or bye-mail atsq138CCca\Jg.cap.ga .

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