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Darwinism Refuted

Darwinism Refuted

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Published by: wercan on Nov 26, 2008
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10/16/2011

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Finally, we may conclude with a very important point in relation to
the basic logic of probability calculations, of which we have already seen
some examples. We indicated that the probability calculations made above

reach astronomical levels, and that these astronomical odds have no
chance of actually happening. However, there is a much more important
and damaging fact facing evolutionists here. This is that under natural
conditions, no period of trial and error can even start, despite the
astronomical odds, because there is no trial-and-error mechanism in
nature from which proteins could emerge.
The calculations we gave above to demonstrate the probability of the
formation of a protein molecule with 500 amino acids are valid only for an
ideal trial-and-error environment, which does not actually exist in real life.
That is, the probability of obtaining a useful protein is "1" in 10950

only if
we suppose that there exists an imaginary mechanism in which an
invisible hand joins 500 amino acids at random and then, seeing that this
is not the right combination, disentangles them one by one, and arranges
them again in a different order, and so on. In each trial, the amino acids
would have to be separated one by one, and arranged in a new order. The
synthesis should be stopped after the 500th amino acid has been added,
and it must be ensured that not even one extra amino acid is involved. The
trial should then be stopped to see whether or not a functional protein has
yet been formed, and, in the event of failure, everything should be split up
again and then tested for another sequence. Additionally, in each trial, not
even one extraneous substance should be allowed to become involved. It
is also imperative that the chain formed during the trial should not be
separated and destroyed before reaching the 499th link. These conditions
mean that the probabilities we have mentioned above can only operate in
a controlled environment where there is a conscious mechanism directing
the beginning, the end, and each intermediate stage of the process, and
where only "the selection of the amino acids" is left to chance. It is clearly
impossible for such an environment to exist under natural conditions.
Therefore the formation of a protein in the natural environment is logically
and technically impossible.
Since some people are unable to take a broad view of these matters,
but approach them from a superficial viewpoint and assume protein
formation to be a simple chemical reaction, they may make unrealistic
deductions such as "amino acids combine by way of reaction and then
form proteins." However, accidental chemical reactions taking place in a
nonliving structure can only lead to simple and primitive changes. The

DARWINISM REFUTED

204

number of these is predetermined and limited. For a somewhat more
complex chemical material, huge factories, chemical plants, and
laboratories have to be involved. Medicines and many other chemical
materials that we use in our daily life are made in just this way. Proteins
have much more complex structures than these chemicals produced by
industry. Therefore, it is impossible for proteins, each of which is a wonder
of design and engineering, in which every part takes its place in a fixed
order, to originate as a result of haphazard chemical reactions.
Let us for a minute put aside all the impossibilities we have described
so far, and suppose that a useful protein molecule still evolved
spontaneously "by accident." Even so, evolution again has no answers,
because in order for this protein to survive, it would need to be isolated
from its natural habitat and be protected under very special conditions.
Otherwise, it would either disintegrate from exposure to natural
conditions on earth, or else join with other acids, amino acids, or chemical
compounds, thereby losing its particular properties and turning into a
totally different and useless substance.
What we have been discussing so far is the impossibility of just one
protein's coming about by chance. However, in the human body alone there
are some 100,000 proteins functioning. Furthermore, there are about 1.5
million species named, and another 10 million are believed to exist.
Although many similar proteins are used in many life forms, it is estimated
that there must be 100 million or more types of protein in the plant and
animal worlds. And the millions of species which have already become
extinct are not included in this calculation. In other words, hundreds of
millions of protein codes have existed in the world. If one considers that not
even one protein can be explained by chance, it is clear what the existence
of hundreds of millions of different proteins must mean.
Bearing this truth in mind, it can clearly be understood that such
concepts as "coincidence" and "chance" have nothing to do with the
existence of living things.

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