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ABSTRACT
The objectives of this research project are to get a better understanding of the solid waste
management system in Banklang municipality, to improve the direction of solid waste management
with community participation and cooperation, and to investigate possible environmental threats (air,
soil, surface water, and groundwater) from potential contaminated sites. To accomplish these
objectives, four activities were conducted:
1. A specially-designed survey questionnaire was used to interview the municipalitys people
to better understand the problematic situation and the municipalitys needs for better solid waste
management. A total of 240 questionnaires were completed in 12 communities (mooban), averaging
20 questionnaires per community.
2. Twenty-four local administrators were interviewed about their solid waste management
system through focus group discussions.
3. Information gained from the above interviews was shared with the 60 stakeholders via
group meetings and discussion groups.
4. A survey form was adapted from the USEPA Comprehensive Environmental Response,
Compensation, and Liability Acts (CERCLA) Potential Hazardous Waste Site Preliminary Assessment
Form (PA Form), and was used to identify the possible environmental threats from five potential
contaminated sites.
The information gained from this research project was analyzed based on the survey data and
group discussions with Banklang municipal people and local administrators. SWOT analysis on the solid
waste management system was conducted to evaluate strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.
The main results of this research are following:
1. People living outside of the Banklang municipality throw or dump their trash in the
municipality. In general, Banklang municipality produces solid waste on average 1 kilogram of waste
per household per day. The total waste is approximately 15,000 kilograms per day. The total amount
of solid waste increasessteadily, approximately 410 tons per month. A solid waste separation program
has not been actively promoted. Trash that was not properly disposed of is found along the roadsides.
2. The strategic direction for a sustainable solid waste management system is to develop
bettertrash-disposal practices and to improve better cooperation among stakeholders. Activities, such
as solid waste separation, collection, and recycling, which offer economic benefits, should be
promoted. These programs help the environment and encourage communities towards
a self- sufficient.

The result of this research project produced several conclusions. The local administration is a
key person who should give higher priority to environmental problems. Strategic planning on solid
waste management involving public participation and cooperation among stakeholders should be set
up. Promotion programs and activities to support solid waste separation, collection, and recycling
need to be set up, such as recycling and composting. Finally, waste minimization from all stakeholders
is a good practice for sustainable solid waste management system.
Key words :

Direction, Public Participation, Solid Waste Management System,

( )
4 1 20
240 2


24 3
60 4 ( )

(Guidance for Performing Preliminary Assessments: PA) Comprehensive
Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA)

(SWOT Analysis)

1.
1
15,000
410

2.

1
.
.
.
.
.
2
.
.
.
.
.
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.

3
.
4
.
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. 8 2554

4.5

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-1
-1
-4
-4
-4
-5
-6
-6
-7
-8
-10
-15
-15
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-19
-21
-21
-23
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4-28
4-29

()

5
.
.

5.3




(Guidance for Performing Preliminary Assessment : PA)
Comprehensive Environmental Response,
Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA)

-37
-37
4-39
-41
-43
-45
-48
-53

4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7

4.8

-21
-22
-22
-22
-22
-23
-24
-25

2.1
2.2
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8 (Underground Storage Tank)
4.9 3
4.10
4.11
.1
.2 8 2554

-14
-18
-24
-24
-30
-30
-31
-31
-32
-33
-34
-34
-35
-46
-47

.
10 (.. 25502554)
(Green and happiness society)



10


(, 2549 : -)


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2,000,000 1,500,000 3









10 .. 2550-2554

33 18
31,000,000

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14.4 39,240
.. 2545

300 /
18 .. 2545 19 .. 2546
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..
..
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..7
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..9
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(
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4 5 6 7 8
9 10 11 12
9,125 4,275 4,850
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.. 2525-2529

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.. 2528 358

70
300




/




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..
..2
..3 ( )

.
..

..
(1)
(2)

.
..

..

.
1.. (Storage)

1..2 (Collection)

1..3 (Processing & Recycling)


1..4 (Final disposal)


1..5


1..6


1..7 (Solid waste management)


1..8 (Solid waste)



1..9


1..10 (Public participation)





1..11

2

.

..
.. 2542 16

(18) 17
16
(11)
(12)
.. .. 2496
50 (3)

53 (1)
50 56
(1) 53
.. .. 2535
4 (1)
(6)
(1) (5)
60

37
59

.. .. 2535
18


19 19

20


(1)
(2)
(3)

(4)
(5)

19
19
(6)

.
( , 2545 : 21-22)


5

.. (Planning)
5
4

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
..2 (Organizing)


..3 (Staffing)

.. (Budgeting)

.. (Technology)





.3



4
.3. (Storage)
, 2535 ( , 2544 :21)
3
(1)
(2) 5020

(3)



: 2531 ( , 2544 : 21)




.3.2 (Collection)
(1)
3

(1.1)

(1.2)

(1.3)

.3.3 (Processing & Recycling)


: 2535 ( , 2544 : 22)


(1) (Material recovery)


(2) (Energy recovery)

(3)
(Composition and land reclamation)

.3.4 (Disposal)
4 (
, 2544 : 22)
(1) (Dumping on land)







(2) (Land fill)


(Sanitary landfill)

(3) (Incineration)



(4) (Composting)









.4
(2549 : 2-41)

.4.


(1)
(2)
(Management Information System: MIS)

(3)

(4)



(5)


(Information data based)

(6)


.4.

(1) (Reduce)
(2) (Reuse)
(3) (Recycle)



.4.3
(1) 4
(1.1)
(1.2)
(1.3)
(1.4)

(2)


(2.1)

(2.2)

(2.3)

(2.4)

(2.5)

(2.6)

(2.7)

(2.8)

.4.

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
.4.5

(1)
(2)

(3)

(4)
(Holding tank)
(5)

(6)
(7)

(8)
40
(9)

(10)



.4.6
(1)
(2)

(3)
.4.
(1)

(2)
(3)
(4)

.4.8
(1)
(2)
(3)
2.4.9
(1)
(2)
(3) (Excreta treatment)
.4.10
(1)

(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)

2.1
: (2549 : 45)

.5




.5.
(One world)

.5. (Integrated approach)





( , 2549 : 39-43)


.6

(2534 : 19)


(2539 : 21)

(2526 : 6)


(Public participation) (2548 : 7)




(2527 : 67)



.6.

.6.

.6.

.6.
.6.
.6.
.6.
.6.

.7





(soil exposure)

(Groundwater) (aquifer)

(Surface Water)


2551
2551 2550 70 2551
3.13
0.68 2.45






.7.

(, 2538)

(
, 2546)
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Green Aid Plan (GPA)

(MITI)
Trichloroethylene
cis-2 trichloroethylene ( ,
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( 3
2552)
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( 9 2551)
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( 3 2552)
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2547

Trichloroethylene
( 1 2552)

2.2
(: http://www.watercu.eng.chula.ac.th/)


.
(Participatory Action Research :
PAR)

..
12 1 ,
2 --, 3 , 4 - , 5 ,
6 - , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10
11 12
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(Participatory Action
Research: PAR) 9,125

50,000
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1 20
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( )



4 (
)
(Guidance for Performing Preliminary Assessments: PA) Comprehensive Environmental
Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA)

2
3
()
()
()

..

..

..

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(Frequency) (Persentage)
(Average)
..
..
..





3 1 2
3

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303
51.16 48.84
( 4.1)
25-55 75.38
( 4.2)

61.22
15.66 /
16.66 1.70 4.76 ( 4.3)
36.70
31.64 68.34
( 4.4)
60.95
27.65
7.04 4.36 ( 4.5)
4 63.17 ( 4.6)
4.1

(%)
51.16
48.84
100

4.2

25
25-35
36-45
46-55
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(%)
10.73
27.85
22.84
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14.09
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31.63
29.59
16.66
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4.76
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4.4

(%)
31.64
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8.43
11.11
8.43
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4.5

(%)

60.95

27.65

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4.36

100

4.6

4
4-5
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(%)
63.17
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.




..
50.33
43.37 6.29

1 2 39.26 32.88
3 3
16.44 11.40
72.31 27.69
48.65 1
25.16 14.09 11.07


47.90 33.91 18.18

36.58 25.08
22.93
15.41 4.1 4.7
2-5 34.13
2-4 33.44 1-3
19.34 8.44 4.65
4.2 4.7

4.1
44.21 1
1 2 3 4
4 21.05, 14.03, 10.52, 5.26 4.93

88.05
8.19 3.75

4.2
4.7

() ()

22.93
33.44

25.08
34.13

36.58
19.34

15.41
4.65

8.44

100
100

.. (Collection)

4.8
4.8

1.512.00

1.001.50

()
SD

2
1
50.68
49.32
1.51 0.50

()

1.
75.50
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08.00-16.00 .

3.
50.00
50.00
1.50 0.50
75.00

4. 33.79
66.21
1.33 0.47
66.5

5. 74.80
25.20
1.74 0.43
87.00

.. (Processing and Recycling)

86.81, 9.72
3.47
92.49, 6.32 1.18
.. (Final Disposal)

75.25 24.75
58.79 12.63
18.68 9.90
67.93
20.65
3.26 8.15

.
..1
(1)
(1.1)
(1.2)

(1.3)

(2)


..2
(1)
(1.1)
(1.2)
(1.3)
( )
(2)
(2.1)

(2.2) (
)
..
(1)

(2) EM
..
(1)
(2)


(1)
/

(2)
(3)

(4)




5 1.
2. 3. 4.
5.



(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)


(5)



-

. 8 2554

8 2554



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(VOC)




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.. 1
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(1.1)

508768N 2053017E
(1.2) 4
( 2)
( 4.3)

4.3
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60 /
( 4.4)
(1.4) 9
(1.5)
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1

4.4
(1.6) () 10 (
30-40 ) () ( 4.5)
(1.7) 200



( 4.6)
(1.8) 1


4.5

4.6
(1.9)


30

(2)
(2.1)
(2.1.1)


(2.1.2)
(2.2)
(2.2.1)

(2.2.2)

(2.2.3)


(2.3)
(..1)
40

(..2)

.. 2
(1)
(1.1)
508768N 2053017E ( 4.7)

4.7

(1.2)
6 (Underground Storage Tank)
( 4.8) 20,000



4.8 (Underground Storage Tank)


(2)
(2.1)
(..1)


(..2)
1
(2.2)

.. 3
(1)
(1.1)
4 ( 4.9)

4.9 3
(1.2) 1,780 .. 2526

(1.3)
( 4.10) 2

4.10
(1.4) 2 10


( 4.11)

4.11
(1.5)
(2)

(2.1)
(..1)


(2..) 4

40,000
(..3) 10

(..4)
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(2.3)

( )
(Preliminary
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..


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(2539 : )
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(2547 : 4-7)

()
()
(3)
(4)
(5)

(6)

(7)
(8)

(9)
(10)
.. - 2
()


.
()

()

()

() Model

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)


(10)
(11)
(12)

(13)
2
(14)

(15)
(16) 1

(17)

.

()
(2) 18.00-06.00 .
(3)

(4)
(5)
(6)

()
(2)
(3)

(4)
(5)

(2534 : 19)

(2549
: 39-43)
(One world)



(2549 : 39-43)
(Integrated approach)

.

3
.3.
(1)

(2)


(3)

(4)

.3.2
(1)




(2)


(3)


.3.3


(R&D)





EPA, 1991, Guidance for Performing Preliminary Assessments under CERCLA,


EPA/540/G-91/013
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3
1
( )
1.1
( )
( )
1.2
( ) 25
( ) 25-35
( ) 36-45
( ) 46-55
( ) 55
1.3 ( )
( )
( ) /
( )
( ) ( ) .......................
1.4
( )
( )
( )
( )
( ) /
( ) .......................
1.5
( )
( )
( )
( ) ..............................
1.6
( ) 4 ..............................
( ) 4 - 5
( ) 6 ..............................
2
2.1 (Storage)
1.
( )
( )
( )
2.
( ) 1
( ) 2
( ) 3
( ) 3 .......
3. 2 ( 1 )
( )
( )
4.
( )
( ) 1
( ) 1
( )

5.
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
6.
( ) 1 ( ) 1 ( )2
( ) 3
( )4
( ) 4 .................
7. ()
( )
( )
( ) .....................................
8. ( 1 )
( )
..................
( )
..................
( )
..................
( )
..................
( )
..................
2.2
(Collection)

1.
5
2.
08.00 - 16.00 .
3.

4.

5.

................................................

2.3 (Processing & Recycling)


( )
1. ()
( )
( )
( ) .....................................
2.
( ) 1
( )2
( ) 3
( )4
( ) 4 .................
3. ( 1 )
( )
..................
( )
..................
( )
..................
( )
..................
4. ()
( )
( )
( ) ( ) ...........................................
2.4 (Final Disposal)
( )

1.
( )
( )
( ) ( ) ..........................
2.
( )
( )
( )
( ) ..........................
3.
( )
( )
( )
( ) ..........................

3
3.1
3.1.1
..............................................................................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................................................
3.1.2
..............................................................................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................................................
3.2
3.2.1
..............................................................................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................................................
3.2.2
..............................................................................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................................................
3.3
3.3.1
..............................................................................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................................................
3.3.2
..............................................................................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................................................
3.4
3.4.1
..............................................................................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................................................
3.4.2
..............................................................................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................................................

(Potential
Hazardous Waste Site Preliminary Assessment)
(Guidance for Performing Preliminary Assessments: PA)
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) US
EPA
4


1.
:

1 3
:

USEPA

2. /
:
:

:
:


3.
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:
4.
1.61

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:

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(Surface Impoundment)



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5.

Recycling
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:
:


Solvents
/

/
/


5.

2 3

( )

( )
/
( )



6.
6.44

6.44

USEPA



> 0 - 6.44
6.44

Sludge


0 - 0.40
> 0.40 - 0.81
> 0.81 - 1.61
> 1.61 - 3.22
> 3.22 - 4.83
> 4.83 - 6.44
6.44

7.
24.15

water body

(cfs)

24.15
/
water body/

(cfs)


7.

water body
Flow (cfs)

8.
//Daycare/ 60

1-100
101-1,000
>1,000

9.



0 - 0.40

> 0.40 - 0.81

3 3

USEPA


water body
Flow (cfs)


60

0.81

> 0.81 - 1.61


> 1.61 - 3.22

> 3.22 - 4.83


> 4.48 - 6.44


0 - 0.40
> 0.40 - 0.81