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GLAUCOMA

PREDISPOSING FACTORS: o Age o race oGenetics o Gender

PRECIPITATING FACTORS: Obesity Cardiovascular diseases Diabetic px Excessive intake of Caffeine Prolonged use of steroids Ocular Trauma antihistamine

PRIMARY ANGLE CLOSURE GLAUCOMA Contact between iris And trabecular meshwork Gradually damaging the function of meshwork

SECONDARY GLAUCOMA Trauma=disruption of flow of aqueous humor

NORMAL TENSION GLAUCOMA Optic nerve is damaged even though IOP is not high

PRIMARY OPEN ANGLE GLAUCOMA Blockage of the trabecular meshwork

Pressure builds up in the eye.

Failure to produce aqueous

IOP rises

Scar formation (synechiae)


Obstruction of the flow of aqueous humor Aqueous fluid accumulates in the eye. Inc. pressure Inhibits blood supply to optic nerve and retina Pain and redness

Blurred vision Rainbow halos around bright lights Headache and vomiting Pupils mid- dilated and non-reactive to light Edematous cornea (cloudy) Reduced vision

Peripheral vision is affected first Blind spots in the periphery Loss of contrast sensitivity Decrease visual acuity

PATIENT WITH ANGLE CLOSURE GLAUCOMA

PREPARED BY: DAISY ANN T. DANOSOS BSN 3 D