317 views

Uploaded by Peter Fisher

- geo
- 00175
- Modul 6 Coordinate Geometry
- Diff Geom Book
- All About Class a Surfaces 1
- Nakwoo Kim, Yoonbai Kim and Kyoungtae Kimm- Global Vortex and Black Cosmic String
- 17. Time and Distance Important Facts and Formulae
- Computation of Geometric PDE and mean curvature flow
- The Meaning of Einstein Field Equations
- 0010055.pdf
- Surfaces in Euclidean Spaces, by Steffen Frohlich
- Planck
- Teleportation Physics Study
- LifeBrL1_04_01_02.pdf
- Physics Astronomy
- Beban Eksentris Kelompok Tiang
- c05_sld_edg_st
- A Detailed lp
- Polishing of Fibre Optic Connectors
- Syllabus 1

You are on page 1of 1

033

We talked about massive objects “warping” or “curving” space-time. We also have been

talking about the curvature k in the FRW metric. Here is a little writeup on the first topic.

Start by thinking about measuring the radius R=1/C (C=curvature) of the Earth by

measuring distances on the surface. Suppose we are on the surface of a sphere, but can

use GPS and measure 3D coordinates x1 , x2 and x3 . We find the distance between points

1 and 2 given by d = x1 − x2 differs from the distance

measured along the surface for the sphere between 1

and 2. We can use point 3 to find s, which tells us how

much the surface curves:

2

R 2 = ( R − s) + L2 4

R 2 = R 2 − 2Rs + s 2 + L2 4

L2

⇒R≈

8s

Now think of a metric that describes a constant gravitational field close to the surface of

the Earth: dτ 2 = (1 − gz ) dt 2 − dx 2 − dy 2 − dz 2 . Suppose we have two points in space-time,

X1=(0,0,0,0) and X2=(xo,0,0,to). The geodesic connecting these two points will be a

parabola with z (t ) = vozt − gt 2 / 2 and x (t ) = vox t . Solving, we find vox = ro t o ,

voz = gt o 2 and h = z (t o 2 ) = vozt o 2 − gt o2 8 = gt o2 8 . We can approximate the parabola

as an arc of a circle and find the radius of the circle in space-time. By analogy to finding

the radius of the sphere in the 3D example, we take h as the deviation of the straight-line

path from 1 to 2 of the geodesic. The interval between 1 and 2 is

2

cτ = c 2 t o2 − xo2 = ct o 1 − ( xo cto ) so the

“radius” is

2 2

(

c 2τ 2 c t o 1 − ( xo cto )

2

)=c 2

8h

=

gt o2 g

(1 − ( x o cto )

2

)

So, if the motion is non-relativistic, the radius is

c2

just = 9 ×1015 m=1ly . Notice that xo and to do

g

not appear for non-relativistic motion: the radius

is the same everywhere.

As a side note: think about all the possible paths

through space-time from event 1 to 2. Only

along the geodesic would you feel no force

acting upon you at any time.

(Adapted from MTW, Chapter 1)

- geoUploaded byValiaveetil Thomas Joseline
- 00175Uploaded bymarkos
- Modul 6 Coordinate GeometryUploaded byhasnitajb
- Diff Geom BookUploaded bybhar
- All About Class a Surfaces 1Uploaded byrajagopalkrg
- Nakwoo Kim, Yoonbai Kim and Kyoungtae Kimm- Global Vortex and Black Cosmic StringUploaded byHuntsmith
- 17. Time and Distance Important Facts and FormulaeUploaded byz1y2
- Computation of Geometric PDE and mean curvature flowUploaded byDevraj Mandal
- The Meaning of Einstein Field EquationsUploaded byShivank Mehra
- 0010055.pdfUploaded bySteven Scott
- Surfaces in Euclidean Spaces, by Steffen FrohlichUploaded byKristof O'Bryan
- PlanckUploaded byarghya_bi108
- Teleportation Physics StudyUploaded bymarquillo727
- LifeBrL1_04_01_02.pdfUploaded byPipe Barragan Nuñez
- Physics AstronomyUploaded byCristian Haret
- Beban Eksentris Kelompok TiangUploaded bywii_secret
- c05_sld_edg_stUploaded byUday Naganur
- A Detailed lpUploaded byapi-3759646
- Polishing of Fibre Optic ConnectorsUploaded byfitomena
- Syllabus 1Uploaded bythamm09
- TeleportationUploaded byhaxwex

- Research paper on nanocompositesUploaded byNovepreet Dhall
- Pahal ChemistryUploaded byMahesh Babu
- DOCK IntroUploaded byKiki Dtvt
- Wrinkle in TimeUploaded bynatnow
- Bicek_Development of Vacuum Cleaner Motor With Improved PerformanceUploaded bytylerdurdane
- m3 Vtu NotesUploaded bySandesh S Gowda
- Inte - Machines and ForcesUploaded bynehru09
- Harmonics and Torque Ripple Reduction of Brushless Dc Motor by Using Cascaded H-bridge Multilevel InverterUploaded byharish
- C4CS00371CUploaded byYahya Aleswed
- Rc Plane So Vertikalno PoletuvanjeUploaded byBlashko Gjorgjiev
- FE unit 2Uploaded byerkarthik85
- LVDTUploaded byVineet Agrawal
- HW3 CIVE210 Force-System-Resultants SOLUTIONUploaded byN
- Mekanika_soalUploaded byNurul Fitri
- spe113845.pdfUploaded byعبدالغفار بيزان
- Trajectory Planning for a Quadrotor HelicopterUploaded byDendy Ma
- Chapter 08Uploaded byAja AjazAi's
- JR-HE-99 (1)Uploaded byjanelle ramdahin
- rocket projectUploaded byapi-256000013
- effect of temperature on yeast fermentationUploaded byLex Shelton
- Stability of Matter.pdfUploaded byRaphael Victor Gatto Costa
- MA6251 Mathematics II Notes Regulation 2013 2nd Semester Notes Maths 2 Notes M2 Notes Lecture Notes Subject Notes - 10th 12th Time Table 2018 - Regulation 2017 Syllabus Notes Collections_3Uploaded byXaviFernando
- Kruth ISEM-XVI Keynote PaperUploaded byRamona Zaha
- plugin-Config_functions%20130207.pdfUploaded bygamagg
- Shewhart W. a. on the Measurement of a Physical Quantity Whose Magnitude is Influenced by Primary Causes Beyond the Control of the Observer and on the Method of DeteUploaded byCardario Caligula Hornmum
- Teknik Eksplorasi-Eksplorasi GeokimiaUploaded byAndry Ferdian
- Team 1836: Milken Knights Engineering Recourse 2016Uploaded byJared HasenKlein
- A312A312M.14078Uploaded byAshish Kumar
- Unit III. Cells and TissuesUploaded byEmman Acosta Domingcil
- Particle Physics Short QsUploaded byFergal O'Neill