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Assignment 204

Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care

Assignment composition

Assignment overview In this assignment you will demonstrate your understanding of safeguarding adults. You will describe different types of abuse, the signs and symptoms associated with them and what to do if you are aware of or suspect an individual has been abused or you note unsafe practice. You will research failings in care services and explore how best practice can help to keep individuals safe. You will also identify the range of people who may be involved with safeguarding, along with the policies and procedures that govern best safeguarding practice.

Tasks There are three tasks to this assignment. A Booklet B Research and account C Short answer questions

This is a summary of the evidence required for the unit. Task A Evidence Booklet Learning outcomes covered 1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.1, 3.2, 3.4 3.3, 5.1

Research and account

Short answer questions

1.3, 4.1, 4.2, 5.2, 5.3

Assignment 204

Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care

Assignment mark sheet


Candidate name Centre name Candidate number Centre number

Task A B C

Evidence Booklet Research and account Short answer questions

Results Passed Y/N Passed Y/N

Total marks available 24 Mark Achieved Passed Y/N I can confirm that the evidence listed for this unit is my own work and was carried out under the conditions and context specified in the assessment specification. Candidate signature Date

I confirm that the candidate has achieved all the requirements of this unit with the evidence listed and the assessment was conducted under the specified conditions and context, and is valid, authentic, reliable, current and sufficient. Tutor / assessor signature Quality assurance co-ordinator signature (where applicable) External verifier signature (where applicable) Date Date Date

Assignment 204 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care

Assignment 204

Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care

Tasks
Task A Booklet Create a booklet about safeguarding, which can be used as a reminder for people who work in the care profession. The booklet must: Ai Describe in your own words what is meant by the following types of abuse: Aii Aiii Aiv Av Avi Avii Aviii Aix Physical abuse Sexual abuse Emotional/psychological abuse Financial abuse Institutional abuse Self neglect Neglect by others

Identify signs and symptoms of the different types of abuse Explain the correct actions to take if you suspect an individual is being abused Explain the correct actions to take if an individual tells you they are being abused Identify how to ensure that any evidence of abuse is kept safe Identify the national policies that set out requirements for safeguarding individuals Identify the local and organisational systems for safeguarding Explain the roles of different agencies and professionals that are involved in safeguarding individuals Identify sources of advice, support and information to help social care workers understand their own role in safeguarding

Task B Research and Account Identify two reports on serious failures to protect individuals from abuse. Write an account that describes the unsafe practices in the reviews. Suggested word count: 400 words

Task C Short answer questions

See 204 question booklet

Assignment 204

Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care

Question Booklet Task C Short Answer Questions

Ci

Explain what a social care worker must do if they become aware of unsafe practice. 5 marks

Cii

Describe what a social care worker must do if unsafe practice is reported but nothing is done to ensure it is corrected. 4 marks

Ciii

Describe three factors that may make individuals more vulnerable to abuse than others. 6 marks

Civ

Explain how adopting a person centred approach which offers choices and upholds rights can empower an individual and help to reduce the likelihood of abuse. 2 marks

Cv

Explain how encouraging and promoting active participation can help to reduce the likelihood of abuse. 4 marks

Cvi

Explain how an effective and easy to use complaints procedure can help to reduce the likelihood of abuse. 3 marks

Assignment 204

Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care


Question Met in booklet Met in discussion Not met

Assessment Criteria
Define the following types of abuse: Physical abuse Sexual abuse Emotional/psychological abuse Financial abuse Institutional abuse Self neglect Neglect by others Identify the signs/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse Explain the actions to take if there are suspicions that an individual is being abused Explain the actions to take if an individual alleges that they are being abused Identify ways to ensure that evidence of abuse is preserved Identify national policies and local systems that relates to safeguarding and protection from abuse Explain roles of different agencies in safeguarding and protecting individuals from abuse Identify sources of information and advice about own role in safeguarding and protecting individuals from abuse

1.1

Ai

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

1.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.4

Aii Aiii Aiv Av Avii, Aiv Aviii Aix

[ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

[ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

[ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

Record of Professional Discussion


Please use Form 8 from the City & Guilds Recording Forms document to record any professional discussion, accessible at http://www.cityandguilds.com/documents/New%20Folder/RecordingForms.dot

Task A marking guide


Question Marking Guidance The learner must give a description of what is meant by each type of abuse. A general definition and possible signs and symptoms include the following. (Please note this is not a definitive list, any other appropriate examples will be accepted.) Neglect by self or self harm. When an individual harms or neglects themselves. Hungry or thirsty Unexplained cuts or marks Medication not taken or taken incorrectly Dirty or unkempt appearance Neglect by others. When an individual is neglected by those who have responsibility for their care. Unkempt or dirty appearance Weight loss or gain Hungry or thirsty Failing health Physical. When an individual is physically harmed by those who have a responsibility for their care. Unexplained burns, cuts, marks or bruises Unexplained injuries Flinching when approached Financial. Any form of abuse which adversely affects the financial welfare of an individual. Unexplained lack of money Objects missing from the home Not paying bills Being overly protective of possessions and money Sexual. Any form of abuse of a sexual nature including exploitation. Unexplained injury to genitals Genital soreness or infection Not wanting to be touched Overtly sexualised behaviour or language Institutional. Any form of abuse which is created or sanctioned by the systems, policies and procedures of an organisation. No care or support plan Shared possessions in a residential setting Frequent admissions to hospital Many different carers delivering care at different times and in different ways Inadequate equipment to support care giving Achieved?

Ai & Aii

Assignment 204 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care

Aiii

Aiv

Av

Emotional/Psychological. When an individual is treated in a way that causes emotional or psychological harm that causes distress. Withdrawn Overly anxious to please Compulsive behaviour Lack of concentration or difficulty in focussing Loss of skills or abilities The learner has explained the correct actions to take if abuse is suspected, which may include: Follow organisational procedures Report immediately to the correct person Record exactly what is suspected and why, with body chart if appropriate Do not tell others such as the person suspected of abusing the individual The learner has explained the correct actions to take if an individual discloses abuse, which may include the above plus: Reassure the individual Tell them you believe them Do not ask leading questions Tell the individual what you are doing and why Preserve any evidence The learner has identified ways to keep evidence safe, which may include: Any evidence such as clothing, bedding implements used as weapons must be left in situ. Photographs may be taken if appropriate and the individual agrees. Advise the individual not to move or touch anything relevant. The learner has identified current national policies. The learner has identified current local and organisation systems which are relevant to the area (check adult safeguarding boards or joint working protocols). Include any systems used by the work setting if the learner is employed plus the agreed protocols of the locality for joint working.

Avi

Avii

The learner has explained the different professionals and their roles, which may include the following: Police: Investigate crimes Will take action to prosecute if sufficient evidence is found Can arrange support for victims of crime. Medical Professionals: Examine and treat injuries, illness and medical conditions Can gather evidence to support police investigation into suspected abuse Can be used as expert witness to indicate likely causes of injury. Social Worker: Assessment of need and access to a variety of services that can support and protect individuals. Regulatory Body: Regulatory bodies register and inspect agencies and care providers, and can require changes to practice to protect individuals. Criminal Records Bureau : CRB checks undertaken to inform prospective employers and organisations of previous convictions The learner has identified sources of advice, support and information to help social care workers understand their own role in safeguarding, which may include: Senior or more experienced staff Local joint working training sessions Relevant websites, books or leaflets (to be named/identified) Specialist workers in other agencies

Aviii

Aix

Task B marking guide


Question Bi Marking Guidance The learner has identified two reports. The failings in care must relate to adult social care. Examples can be found by researching Serious Case Reviews (each local area must publish these). The learner has described in full the unsafe practice in each case. A successful account will cover the major points of the case, giving a description of each. Achieved?

Bii

Assignment 204 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care

Assignment 204

Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care

Assignment feedback sheet


Assessor/Tutor feedback to candidate on outcome of assessment

Target date and action plan for resubmission (if applicable)

Assessor/Tutor feedback to candidate on outcome of resubmission

Date of final assessment decision I confirm that this assessment has been completed to the required standard and meets the requirements for validity, currency, authenticity and sufficiency Tutor/Assessors signature Assignment passed? Date Yes / No

I confirm that the assignment work to which this result relates, is all my own work Candidates signature Internal verifiers signature Date Date

Assignment 204 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care