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ASW Science Date: Nov.

22, 2011 Lab Name: Predicting Temperature

Name: Lucas James Period: F Lab # 34

Problem: Can the final temperature of a mixture of hot and cold water be predicted if their starting temperatures are known and their volumes are equal? If so, how? Hypothesis: Yes. Taking the average of the original samples temperatures will yield the exact final temperature (Tf), if the masses and substances of the samples are identical. Procedures Materials: 2- 250 mL beakers 2 insulated cups Cold water Hot water Thermometer Stirring rod 1. Predict the final temperature of the following mixtures of water, record your predictions in Table 1. 2. Test your predictions. 3. Set up the apparatus described by your teacher. 4. Measure the hot water and cold water 5. Add the hot water to the cold water, stir and record the highest temperature as the final temperature. 6. Repeat for each mixture outlined in Table 1 and record observed temperatures.

Data Collection/Observation Table 1. Predictions and observations on the final temperature of water mixtures TRIAL # HOT WATER Volume Temp o C 50 mL 45 COLD WATER Predicted WATER temperature MIXTURE Volume Temp Temp oC o C 50 mL 10 27.5 oC Volume Temp o C 100 mL 26 oC Observations

1.

Not a perfect prediction, but nearly. Human error. Very close. Heat was no doubt lost during

2. 3.

50 mL 50 mL

58 49

50 mL 50 mL

18 15

38 oC 32 oC

100 mL 100 mL

38 oC 34 oC

4.

50 mL

75

50 mL

39.5 C

100 mL

31 C

transfer. Very imperfect. Unknown serious errors.

5. 50 mL 44 50 mL Summary Questions /Conclusions

20

32 oC

100 mL

32 oC

1. Compare your predictions with the final temperatures of the mixtures, were your predictions accurate? If yes, how did you make your predictions? If not, how might you make your predictions more accurate? Our predictions were surprisingly, but in hindsight predictably, accurate. We made our predictions by analyzing the two starting samples of water, ascertaining their temperature, and calculating the average of the two. I believe that this is the correct procedure. Do you think your hypothesis would work if you used unequal volumes of water? Why or why not? No. It would not work because the way an average works. An average is the sum of the two numbers (in this case temperatures) divided by the number of contributing samples (in this case two). Adding the two temperatures, and then dividing by two (because of the doubled volume) makes real-world sense. For different masses, we could not simply divide by two because it would attribute too much temperature to one sample and not enough temperature to the other when calculating final temperatures.