MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT FLUID MACHINARY LAB

EXPERIMENT NO. 8(CENTRIFUGAL PUMP)
AIM
To draw main and operating characteristic curves for centrifugal pump.

Apparatus Description
The apparatus consist of closed circuit flow of water by a centrifugal pump. The pump is driven by a D.C Motor. A sump tank of mild steel frame is provided with the apparatus. A drain valve is provided in the tank. A variable speed drive and actor d.c. converter is provided with the motor. A device for measuring the torque weighing spring balance is also provided. Wattmeter is provided for measuring input power to the motor. Venturimeter provided with U tube differential manometer measures the discharge of water. The gauges to measure suction and discharge pressures are provided with the set up.

Specifications:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Driving motor power: 0.74 kW, single phase Size of impeller of the pump: 2.5 cm Head: 15 m RPM: 1440 Sump tank: 50 cm × 50 cm × 80 cm (l × b × h) Speed of the motor/pump in r.p.m Torque, N-m Specific weight of water, 9800 N/m3 25 mm 15 mm

Formulae
N T W Size of Venturimeter (d1) Throat Dia. ( d2) K Sm H Cd Q Ps Hmano S.P WP

A1 A2

 A1

2

A2

2

Specific gravity of the manometric liquid (mercury) Difference in the heights of the manometers, h1 – h2 Coefficient of Discharge Discharge, m3/sec = CdK√ Suction gauge reading, N/m2 Manometric head developed by the pump, m= (Pd-Ps)/W Brake Power, 2πNT/60000 kW Water Power, WQH/1000 kW

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