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Dynamics

A force is a push or a pull. (Vector Quantity)


Newton’s first law of motion states that an object at rest will
REMAIN AT REST and an object in motion will continue in
motion at CONSTANT SPEED in a straight line in the
absence of a resultant force acting on it(Balanced force).
Balanced force = Body in equilibrium = No resultant force
-Balanced force doesn’t mean that there is no force acting on
it but the forces are balanced.
Unbalanced force = Body is not in equilibrium = Resultant
force

A resultant force causes an object at rest to move.


A resultant force cause an object that is moving to stop, to
move faster, to move slower and to change direction.

Newton’s second law of motion states that the resultant


force acting upon an object is equal to the product of the
mass (KG) and the acceleration of the object (m/ s^2);
the direction of the force is the same as that of the object’s
acceleration.
Force (N) = Mass (KG) x Acceleration (M/s^2)
=mxa
Constant Velocity = No acceleration = No resultant force

Newton’s third law of motion states that for every action


there is an equal and opposite reaction.
A free-body diagram shows the forces that act on a single
body.

Friction is a force that opposes motion between two surfaces


in contact.
Friction does not depend on the area of contact of the
surfaces but depends on the nature of the contact surfaces
and the weight of the body.